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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 329-337, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007634

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Pathological scars are a disorder that can lead to various cosmetic, psychological, and functional problems, and no effective assessment methods are currently available. Assessment and treatment of pathological scars are based on cutaneous manifestations. A two-photon microscope (TPM) with the potential for real-time non-invasive assessment may help determine the under-surface pathophysiological conditions in vivo . This study used a portable handheld TPM to image epidermal cells and dermal collagen structures in pathological scars and normal skin in vivo to evaluate the effectiveness of treatment in scar patients.@*METHODS@#Fifteen patients with pathological scars and three healthy controls were recruited. Imaging was performed using a portable handheld TPM. Five indexes were extracted from two dimensional (2D) and three dimensional (3D) perspectives, including collagen depth, dermo-epidermal junction (DEJ) contour ratio, thickness, orientation, and occupation (proportion of collagen fibers in the field of view) of collagen. Two depth-dependent indexes were computed through the 3D second harmonic generation image and three morphology-related indexes from the 2D images. We assessed index differences between scar and normal skin and changes before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#Pathological scars and normal skin differed markedly regarding the epidermal morphological structure and the spectral characteristics of collagen fibers. Five indexes were employed to distinguish between normal skin and scar tissue. Statistically significant differences were found in average depth ( t = 9.917, P <0.001), thickness ( t = 4.037, P <0.001), occupation ( t = 2.169, P <0.050), orientation of collagen ( t = 3.669, P <0.001), and the DEJ contour ratio ( t = 5.105, P <0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Use of portable handheld TPM can distinguish collagen from skin tissues; thus, it is more suitable for scar imaging than reflectance confocal microscopy. Thus, a TPM may be an auxiliary tool for scar treatment selection and assessing treatment efficacy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cicatrix/diagnostic imaging , Skin/pathology , Collagen , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993560

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical manifestations and 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging features of hilar tumor pulmonary infarction. Methods:From July 2016 to June 2021, 49 patients (40 males, 9 females; age 32-81 years) with hilar tumor pulmonary infarction who underwent PET/CT and enhanced CT in the second Hospital of Shandong University and Shandong Cancer Hospital and Institute, Shandong First Medical University were retrospectively enrolled. All patients were diagnosed by imaging follow-up or pathology. Clinical features and 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging features were analyzed. Results:A total of 108 infarcts were found in 49 patients by 18F-FDG PET/CT. Small cell carcinoma was the most common hilar tumor (67.35%, 33/49). The most common clinical manifestations of hilar tumor pulmonary infarction were cough (69.39%, 34/49) and hemoptysis (34.69%, 17/49). Pulmonary infarction was mainly multiple (69.39%, 34/49), and multiple lung lobes might be involved. The CT morphology of infarcts was wedge-shaped (46.30%, 50/108) or patchy (53.70%, 58/108), and the density was mainly bubble consolidation (61.11%, 66/108). There were 91 (84.26%, 91/108) infarcts showing FDG hypermetabolism, with the SUV max of 1.48-6.62, and the hypermetabolism mode was rim sign (36.11%, 39/108) or heterogeneous hypermetabolism (48.15%, 52/108). Nineteen patients (38.78%, 19/49) were complicated with pulmonary vein involvement, and 26 patients (53.06%, 26/49) had ipsilateral pleural effusion. Conclusions:Hilar tumor pulmonary infarction is characterized by cough. It is helpful for the diagnosis of hilar tumor pulmonary infarction in patients with hilar tumor when wedge-shaped, bubble consolidation, rim sign and heterogeneous hypermetabolism lesions are found in 18F-FDG PET/CT images.

3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2609-2620, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007546

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Observational research has reported that systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is related to common female hormone-dependent cancers, but the underlying causal effect remains undefined. This study aimed to explore the causal association of these conditions by Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis.@*METHODS@#We selected instrumental variables for SLE from genome-wide association studies (GWASs) conducted in European and East Asian populations. The genetic variants for female malignant neoplasms were obtained from corresponding ancestry GWASs. We utilized inverse variance weighted (IVW) as the primary analysis, followed by sensitivity analysis. Furthermore, we conducted multivariable MR (MVMR) to estimate direct effects by adjusting for the body mass index and estradiol. Finally, we implemented reverse direction MR analysis and gave a negative example to test the reliability of MR results.@*RESULTS@#We found SLE was significantly negatively associated with overall endometrial cancer risk (odds ratio [OR] = 0.961, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.935-0.987, P  = 3.57E-03) and moderately inversely related to endometrioid endometrial cancer (ENEC) (OR = 0.965, 95% CI = 0.936-0.995, P  = 0.024) risk in the European population by IVW. We replicated these results using other MR models and detected a direct effect by MVMR (overall endometrial cancer, OR = 0.962, 95% CI = 0.941-0.983, P  = 5.11E-04; ENEC, OR = 0.964, 95% CI = 0.940-0.989, P  = 0.005). Moreover, we revealed that SLE was correlated with decreased breast cancer risk (OR = 0.951, 95% CI = 0.918-0.986, P  = 0.006) in the East Asian population by IVW, and the effect was still significant in MVMR (OR = 0.934, 95% CI = 0.859-0.976, P  = 0.002). The statistical powers of positive MR results were all >0.9.@*CONCLUSION@#This finding suggests a possible causal effect of SLE on the risk of overall endometrial cancer and breast cancer in European and East Asian populations, respectively, by MR analysis, which compensates for inherent limitations of observational research.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Genome-Wide Association Study , Mendelian Randomization Analysis , Neoplasms, Hormone-Dependent , Reproducibility of Results , Endometrial Neoplasms , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/genetics , Carcinoma, Endometrioid , Breast Neoplasms , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
4.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 348-358, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982166

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Lung cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors in the world. The accuracy of intraoperative frozen section (FS) in the diagnosis of lung adenocarcinoma infiltration cannot fully meet the clinical needs. The aim of this study is to explore the possibility of improving the diagnostic efficiency of FS in lung adenocarcinoma by using the original multi-spectral intelligent analyzer.@*METHODS@#Patients with pulmonary nodules who underwent surgery in the Department of Thoracic Surgery, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2021 to December 2022 were included in the study. The multispectral information of pulmonary nodule tissues and surrounding normal tissues were collected. A neural network model was established and the accuracy of the neural network diagnostic model was verified clinically.@*RESULTS@#A total of 223 samples were collected in this study, 156 samples of primary lung adenocarcinoma were finally included, and a total of 1,560 sets of multispectral data were collected. The area under the curve (AUC) of spectral diagnosis in the test set (10% of the first 116 cases) of the neural network model was 0.955 (95%CI: 0.909-1.000, P<0.05), and the diagnostic accuracy was 95.69%. In the clinical validation group (the last 40 cases), the accuracy of spectral diagnosis and FS diagnosis were both 67.50% (27/40), and the AUC of the combination of the two was 0.949 (95%CI: 0.878-1.000, P<0.05), and the accuracy was 95.00% (38/40).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The accuracy of the original multi-spectral intelligent analyzer in the diagnosis of lung invasive adenocarcinoma and non-invasive adenocarcinoma is equivalent to that of FS. The application of the original multi-spectral intelligent analyzer in the diagnosis of FS can improve the diagnostic accuracy and reduce the complexity of intraoperative lung cancer surgery plan.
.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/surgery , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Hospitals , Multiple Pulmonary Nodules
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985492

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the causal effects of the serum Vitamin D levels on the risk of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods: A two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) study was performed to infer the causality. Three Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) for circulating Vitamin D levels, including 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [25(OH)D3] and C3-epimer of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [C3-epi-25(OH)D3] published in 2020, and one GWAS for SLE published in 2015 were utilized to analyze the causal effects of the serum Vitamin D levels on the risk of SLE. MR analyses were conducted using the inverse-variance weighted method (IVW), weighted median, MR-Egger methods, MR-pleiotropy residual sum and outlier (MR-PRESSO) method. Results: 34, 29 and 6 SNPs were respectively selected as instrumental variables to analyze the causal association of total 25 (OH) D level, 25 (OH) D3 level and C3-epi-25 (OH) D3 level with the risk of SLE. The MR results showed that each standard deviation decrease in the level of 25(OH)D3 would result in 14.2% higher risk of SLE (OR, 0.858; 95%CI, 0.753-0.978; P=0.022). The levels of 25(OH)D and C3-epi-25(OH)D3 had null associations with risk of SLE (OR, 0.849; 95%CI, 0.653-1.104; P=0.222; OR, 0.904; 95%CI, 0.695-1.176; P=0.452). Conclusion: This study have identified a causal effect of 25(OH)D3 on increased risk of SLE. These findings highlighted the significance of active monitoring and prevention of SLE in population of low Vitamin D levels.


Subject(s)
Humans , Genome-Wide Association Study , Vitamin D , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/complications , Vitamins , Causality , Mendelian Randomization Analysis/methods , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
6.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 209-213, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970182

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the short-term curative effect with minimally invasive right infra-axillary thoracotomy for transaortic modified Morrow procedure. Methods: The clinical data of 60 patients who underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic transaortic modified Morrow procedure from August 2021 to August 2022 at Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. There were 31 males and 29 females, with the age (M (IQR)) of 54.0(22.3) years (range: 15 to 71 years). The echocardiography confirmed the diagnosis of moderate mitral regurgitation in 30 patients, and severe mitral regurgitation in 13 patients. Systolic anterior motion (SAM) was present preoperatively in 54 patients. All 60 patients underwent transaortic modified Morrow procedure through a right infra-axillary thoracotomy using femorofemoral cardiopulmonary bypass. Surgical procedures mainly included transverse aortic incision, exposure of left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT), septal myectomy, and correction of the abnormal mitral valve and subvalvular structures. Results: All 60 patients underwent the programmatic procedures successfully without conversion to full sternotomy. The cardiopulmonary bypass time was (142.0±32.1) minutes (range: 89 to 240 minutes), while the cross-clamp time was (95.0±23.5) minutes (range: 50 to 162 minutes). The patients had a postoperative peak LVOT gradient of 7.0 (5.0) mmHg (range: 0 to 38 mmHg) (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa). A total of 57 patients were extubated on the operating table. The drainage volume in the first 24 h was (175.9±57.0) ml (range: 60 to 327 ml). The length of intensive care unit stay was 21.0 (5.8)h (range: 8 to 120 h) and postoperative hospital stay was 8 (5) days (range: 5 to 19 days). The postoperative septal thickness was 11 (2) mm (range: 8 to 14 mm). All patients had no iatrogenic ventricular septal perforation or postoperative residual SAM. The patients were followed up for 4 (9) months (range: 1 to 15 months), and none of them needed cardiac surgery again due to valve dysfunction or increased peak LVOT gradient during follow-up. Conclusion: Using a video-assisted thoracoscopic transaortic modified Morrow procedure through a right infra-axillary minithoracotomy can provide good visualization of the LVOT and hypertrophic ventricular septum, ensure optimal exposure of the mitral valve in the presence of complex mitral subvalvular structures, so that allows satisfactory short-term surgical results.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Mitral Valve Insufficiency/surgery , Thoracotomy , Retrospective Studies , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/surgery , Ventricular Septum/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1379-1384, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009992

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To retrospectively analyze the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of patients with primary cutaneous lymphoma.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 22 patients with primary cutaneous lymphoma admitted to Xinjiang Hotan District People's Hospital, Heji Hospital affiliated to Changzhi Medical College and the Fifth Medical Center of PLA General Hospital from January 2013 to June 2021 were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The incidence of primary cutaneous T cell and NK/T cell lymphoma was about 91.9/100 000, and the incidence of primary cutaneous B cell lymphoma was about 14.5/100 000. The overall survival (OS) of patients aged ≥65 years was significantly shorter than that of patients younger than 65 years (P <0.05). Patients with elevated β2-microglobulin (β2-MG) had shorter OS and progression-free survival (PFS) (both P <0.05). Patients who achieved complete/partial response after initial treatment had longer OS than those with stable or progressive disease (P <0.05). There were significant differences in OS and PFS among patients with different pathological types of primary cutaneous lymphoma that originated from T and NK/T cells, the OS and PFS of patients with mycosis fungoides were longer than those of patients with other pathological types (both P <0.05). In addition, disease stage might also affect the PFS of the patients (P =0.056).@*CONCLUSION@#The age, disease stage, β2-MG level, pathological type and remission state after treatment of the patients were related to the clinical prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Remission Induction , Lymphoma
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976140

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To analyze the physical agent detection ability of occupational health technical service institutions in Methods Guangdong Province. A total of 92 institutions in Guangdong Province that participated in the inter laboratory comparison of physical agents organized in 2020 were taken as the research subjects using purposive sampling method. The , Results certified physical factor items number of measuring instruments and measurement standards were investigated. The , , certification and accreditation project on physical agents in 92 institutions with certification and accreditation rate >80.0% , , , - were noise high temperature ultraviolet radiation hand transmitted vibration and illumination. The certification approval rates , , , , of power frequency magnetic field 1 Hz to 100 kHz electric field 1 Hz to 100 kHz magnetic field laser radiation physical , - < ( ) labor intensity and whole body vibration were 60.0%. The certification and accreditation rate of noise 98.9% was the , ( ) (P< ) , highest and that of the physical labor intensity 3.3% was the lowest 0.01 . As for the number of measuring instruments ( ) the number of noise measuring instruments accounted for the highest proportion 52.6% in 92 institutions. The number of , (P< ) measuring instruments from the most to the least was grade A grade B and unqualified institutions 0.01 . The number of - (P< ) measuring instruments in private institutions was greater than that in non private institutions 0.01 . In the measurement , , standards some institutions that have certified power frequency electric field power frequency magnetic field and microclimate , - projects still used the abandoned standard. Some institutions that have certified microclimate illuminance and whole body Conclusion , vibration used the wrong measurement standards. Among the physical agents the certification and accreditation , rate of noise is the highest and the number of noise related measuring instruments is the largest. The qualified institutions and private institutions have greater number of certification and accreditation projects on physical agents and measuring instruments.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955385

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinic-pathological features and surgical outcomes of adult patients with hypothalamic gliomas.Methods:The adult cases pathologically confirmed as hypothalamic gliomas were analyzed from October, 2011 to January, 2022 in Beijing Tiantan Hospital.Results:There were 32 adult cases with hypothalamic gliomas, including 16 males and 16 females. Tumor was located in the hypothalamus in 6 cases, in the hypothalamus plus optic chiasma/nerve in 6 cases, in the hypothalamus plus thalamus in 9 cases, and in the hypothalamus plus the third ventricle in 11 cases. Pre-operative hydrocephalus was found in 20 cases. Five patents underwent stereotactic biopsy, 27 patients underwent craniotomy, and 11 patients underwent shunt surgery for hydrocephalus. Of 27 patients with craniotomy, trans-callosal approach was chosen for 9 patients, trans-cortical for 8 patients, via pterion approach for 4 patients, via lateral sub-frontal approach for 4 patients, via fissurae interhemisphaerica for 1 patient, and trans-sphenoidal approach for 1 patient. Twenty-two patients received gross-total or subtotal resection, 5 patients received partial resection. All the patients were pathologically confirmed, including 9 patients with high-grade and 23 patients with low-grade gliomas. Six patients died within 3 months after craniotomy, 8 patients suffered from endocrine dysfunction, 7 patients suffered from electrolyte disturbance, and 5 patients suffered from hydrocephalus. They were followed for 0.7-110.0 months, with 5-year progression-free survival rate of 63.8% and 5-year overall survival rate of 53.9% for all patients. The 5-year progression-free survival rate was 83.3% and the 5-year overall survival rate was 72.8% for low-grade gliomas.Conclusions:The peri-operative mortality is high for adult patients with hypothalamic gliomas, and protection of the hypothalamic function is important. Patients with low-grade hypothalamic gliomas have good prognoses.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973408

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the personal dose level of occupational external exposure among interventional radiology workers in Liaoning Province of China, and to provide a reference for better occupational radiation protection. Methods According to the national standard GBZ 128—2016 Specifications for individual monitoring of occupational external exposure, the thermoluminescence method was used to measure the monitoring dose inside the lead clothes (HW) and outside the lead clothes (HN) of interventional radiology workers, and the Mann-Whitney U test and the Kruskal-Wallis H test were used for statistical analysis. Results Dual dosimeter monitoring data were collected from 307 interventional radiology workers in Liaoning Province in 2019, with a mean annual effective dose of 0.81 mSv and a maximum annual effective dose of 7.03 mSv, and 72.96% of the workers monitored had an annual effective dose of less than 1 mSv. The interventional radiology workers in tertiary hospitals had a significantly higher mean annual effective dose than those in secondary hospitals (0.95 mSv vs 0.65 mSv, P < 0.05). There was a significant difference in mean annual effective dose between departments (P < 0.05), and the department of interventional radiology had a significantly higher mean annual effective dose than the other departments (0.92 mSv vs 0.64 mSv), while the department of cardiology had a similar mean annual effective dose to the cerebrovascular department (0.78 mSv vs 0.78 mSv). Conclusion The occupational exposure dose of 307 interventional radiology workers in Liaoning Province meets the requirements in national regulations and standards and is higher than the national level, which suggests that radiation protection supervision and personal training should be further strengthened for interventional radiology.

11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 447-455, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927548

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a complex autoimmune disease, and the mechanism of SLE is yet to be fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to explore the role of two-pore segment channel 2 (TPCN2) in SLE pathogenesis.@*METHODS@#Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of TPCN2 in SLE. We performed a loss-of-function assay by lentiviral construct in Jurkat and THP-1 cell. Knockdown of TPCN2 were confirmed at the RNA level by qRT-PCR and protein level by Western blotting. Cell Count Kit-8 and flow cytometry were used to analyze the cell proliferation, apoptosis, and cell cycle of TPCN2-deficient cells. In addition, gene expression profile of TPCN2-deficient cells was analyzed by RNA sequencing (RNA-seq).@*RESULTS@#TPCN2 knockdown with short hairpin RNA (shRNA)-mediated lentiviruses inhibited cell proliferation, and induced apoptosis and cell-cycle arrest of G2/M phase in both Jurkat and THP-1 cells. We analyzed the transcriptome of knockdown-TPCN2-Jurkat cells, and screened the differential genes, which were enriched for the G2/M checkpoint, complement, and interleukin-6-Janus kinase-signal transducer and activator of transcription pathways, as well as changes in levels of forkhead box O, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B/mechanistic target of rapamycin, and T cell receptor pathways; moreover, TPCN2 significantly influenced cellular processes and biological regulation.@*CONCLUSION@#TPCN2 might be a potential protective factor against SLE.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis/genetics , Cell Division , Jurkat Cells , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/genetics , RNA, Small Interfering/genetics
12.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 720-726, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957714

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the inhibitory effect and mechanisms of action of mucopolysaccharide polysulfate cream on hypertrophic scar formation.Methods:Circular full-thickness wounds with a diameter of 6 mm were made in both ears of 16 New Zealand white rabbits to establish a rabbit ear model of hypertrophic scar. There were 3 hypertrophic scars in each rabbit ear. About 14 days after the operation, scars on the left ear were topically treated with mucopolysaccharide polysulfate cream, and served as the experimental group; scars on the right ear were topically treated with the cream vehicle, and served as vehicle control group. The dosage of topical agents for one rabbit ear was approximately 0.4 g, which were given twice a day for 6 consecutive weeks. Scar tissues were collected on days 0, 14 and 42, that is, 14, 28 and 56 after operation respectively, and subjected to hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining, Masson staining and immunohistochemical study, so as to evaluate histopathological scores, measure the scar thickness and collagen fiber density, and determine the expression of type Ⅰ and Ⅲ collagen and the ratio of type Ⅰ/Ⅲ collagen. The t test and one-way analysis of variance were used to compare the indices between groups. Results:Compared with pretreatment histopathological manifestations, HE staining showed extensive extracellular matrix deposition, inflammatory cell infiltration and local hyperemia in the control group after 42-day treatment, but no obvious changes in the experimental group. The pathological scores of scar tissues on the rabbit ears significantly increased over time in the control group (days 0, 14 and 42: 4.16 ± 1.61, 6.50 ± 1.46, 6.53 ± 1.34, respectively; F = 13.69, P = 0.001) , while there was no significant change in the experimental group (days 0, 14 and 42: 4.65 ± 1.52, 5.13 ± 1.83, 5.38 ± 1.60, respectively; F = 0.78, P > 0.05) . Masson staining showed extremely high content of dark blue-dyed collagen fibers in the control group on day 42, but there was a decrease in the content of collagen fibers in the experimental group; with the increase in treatment duration, the thickness of scar tissues significantly increased in the control group compared with that before treatment ( F = 5.64, P = 0.007) , while there was no significant change in the experimental group ( F = 1.48, P > 0.05) . Immunohistochemical study revealed no significant change in the expression of type Ⅲ collagen in either the experimental group or the control group at any of the above posttreatment time points compared with that on day 0 ( F = 0.22, 0.92, respectively, both P > 0.05) , but the expression of type Ⅰ collagen and the ratio of type Ⅰ/Ⅲ collagen significantly increased in the control group ( F = 7.47, P < 0.001; F = 4.70, P = 0.005, respectively) . On day 42, the expression of type Ⅰ collagen and the ratio of type Ⅰ/Ⅲ collagen significantly decreased in the experimental group compared with the control group ( t = 3.04, P = 0.007; t = 2.35, P = 0.030, respectively) . Conclusion:Topical mucopolysaccharide polysulfate cream is effective in preventing and inhibiting scar hypertrophy by reducing the scar thickness and inhibiting the collagen fiber hyperplasia and type I collagen expression.

13.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 458-465, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935170

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety of prolonged dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT>1 year) in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) and diabetes who were event-free at 1 year after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stent (DES) in a large and contemporary PCI registry. Methods: A total of 1 661 eligible patients were selected from the Fuwai PCI Registry, of which 1 193 received DAPT>1 year and 468 received DAPT ≤1 year. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular event (MACCE) and Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) type 2, 3 or 5 bleeding, MACCE was defined as a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction or stroke. Multivariate Cox regression analysis and inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) Cox regression analysis were performed. Results: After a median follow-up of 2.5 years, patients who received DAPT>1 year were associated with lower risks of MACCE (1.4% vs. 3.2%; hazard ratio (HR) 0.412, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.205-0.827) compared with DAPT ≤1 year, which was primarily caused by the lower all-cause mortality (0.1% vs. 2.6%; HR 0.031, 95%CI 0.004-0.236). Risks of cardiac death (0.1% vs. 1.5%; HR 0.051, 95%CI 0.006-0.416) and definite/probable ST (0.3% vs. 1.1%; HR 0.218, 95%CI 0.052-0.917) were also lower in patients received DAPT>1 year than those received DAPT ≤ 1 year. No difference was found between the two groups in terms of BARC type 2, 3, or 5 bleeding (5.3% vs. 4.1%; HR 1.088, 95%CI 0.650-1.821). Conclusions: In patients with stable CAD and diabetes who were event-free at 1 year after PCI with DES, prolonged DAPT (>1 year) provides a substantial reduction in ischemic cardiovascular events, including MACCE, all-cause mortality, cardiac mortality, and definite/probable ST, without increasing the clinically relevant bleeding risk compared with ≤ 1-year DAPT. Further well-designed, large-scale randomized trials are needed to verify the beneficial effect of prolonged DAPT in this population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Artery Disease/therapy , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Drug Therapy, Combination , Drug-Eluting Stents , Hemorrhage , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Risk Assessment , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920832

ABSTRACT

@#The incidence of complications after radical resection of esophageal carcinoma is high up to about 20%-50%. The incidence of pneumonia, pleural effusion, tracheal intubation, anastomotic fistula and cardiac events is relatively high. Among them, pulmonary complications are the most common complications after esophageal cancer operation and cause the most perioperative deaths. Among the factors that influence the occurrence of postoperative complications of esophageal cancer, the amount of fluid infusion during and after the operation is closely related to the occurrence of postoperative complications. Moreover, in the environment of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS), it is more important to optimize the postoperative fluid management of esophageal cancer. Restricted fluid therapy plays a more and more important role in patients undergoing esophagectomy. This review integrated the relevant research results and discussed the advantages of the restricted fluid therapy compared with other fluid therapy, how to control the restricted infusion volume and infusion speed and how to monitor and evaluate the infusion process and the selection of infusion types, so as to provide reference for clinical practice test.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940289

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo screen out the main targets and related signaling pathways of the herbal pair Cremastrae Pseudobulbus-Rhapontici Radix in treating breast cancer based on network pharmacology and verify their action mechanism in in vitro experiments. MethodThe main chemical components and related targets of Cremastrae Pseudobulbus-Rhapontici Radix were retrieved from the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP), and the target genes related to breast cancer from GeneCards. Following the screening of the common targets of Cremastrae Pseudobulbus-Rhapontici Radix and breast cancer using Venn, the Cremastrae Pseudobulbus-Rhapontici Radix-breast cancer network and protein-protein interaction (PPI) network were constructed. The effective targets were then subjected to gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis. The resulting outcomes were then verified by cell counting kit (CCK)-8 assay, flow cytometry, and Western blot. ResultThe screening yielded seven effective components and 61 targets of Cremastrae Pseudobulbus-Rhapontici Radix, among which 55 targets were involved in breast cancer. The GO analysis revealed 832 entries, which were mainly enriched in the biological processes. According to KEGG pathway enrichment analysis, 85 signaling pathways were obtained, including tumor suppressor p53, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B(Akt). It was verified in in vitro experiments that the alcohol extract of Cremastrae Pseudobulbus-Rhapontici Radix inhibited the proliferation of human breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells and induced their apoptosis. Compared with the blank control group and the dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO, 0.1% solvent) group, the medication groups exhibited obviously decreased absorbance in MDA-MB-231 cells (P<0.01) and increased apoptosis rate (P<0.01). The results of Western blot demonstrated that compared with the blank control group and the DMSO group, each medication significantly reduced the phosphorylated (p)-PI3K/PI3K and p-Akt/Akt in cells (P<0.05). ConclusionThe ethanol extract of Cremastrae Pseudobulbus-Rhapontici Radix effectively inhibits the proliferation of human breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells and induces their apoptosis, which may be related to the inhibition of the activation of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-974649

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the food radioactivity levels in areas around the Xudabao nuclear plant before operation. Methods The food radioactivity levels were achieved by detecting samples collected within 30 km around the Xudabao nuclear power plant with a HPGe detector. Results The major radionuclides in food were 238U, 226Ra, 232Th, 40K and the man-made radionuclide of 137Cs. The average activity levels of natural 238U、226Ra、232Th、40K were(1.2 × 10−11 ± 2.6 × 10−11)、(9.2 × 10−12 ± 1.6 × 10−11)、(3.6 × 10−11 ± 6.5 × 10−12)、(9.0 × 101 ± 5.8 × 101)Bq/kg respectively. The average level of 137Cs in food was (1.2 × 10−12 ± 9.0 × 10−13)Bq/kg. Conclusion The man-made radionuclides were not detected except 137Cs in the collected food. The radioactivity concentrations were lower than the national standards. The effective dose for local residents by ingestion of 137Cs was around 6.0 × 10−12 µSv/a.

17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1191-1198, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878170

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The prevalence of skin diseases and diabetes mellitus (DM) are prominent around the world. The current scope of knowledge regarding the prevalence of skin diseases and comorbidities with type 2 DM (T2DM) is limited, leading to limited recognition of the correlations between skin diseases and T2DM.@*METHODS@#We collected 383 subjects from the Da Qing Diabetes Study during the period from July 9th to September 1st, 2016. The subjects were categorized into three groups: Normal glucose tolerance (NGT), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), and T2DM. The prevalence and clinical characteristics of skin diseases were recorded and investigated.@*RESULTS@#In this cross-sectional study, 383 individuals with ages ranging from 53 to 89-year-old were recruited. The overall prevalence of skin diseases was 93.5%, and 75.7% of individuals had two or more kinds of skin diseases. Additionally, there were 47 kinds of comorbid skin diseases in patients with T2DM, of which eight kinds of skin diseases had a prevalence >10%. The prevalence of skin diseases in NGT, IGT, and T2DM groups were 93.3%, 91.5%, and 96.6%, respectively; stratified analysis by categories showed a statistically significant difference in "disturbances of pigmentation" and "neurological and psychogenic dermatoses". The duration of T2DM also significantly associated with the prevalence of "disturbances of pigmentation" and "neurological and psychogenic dermatoses". Subsequently, the prevalence of "disturbances of pigmentation" was higher in males than females in NGT (P < 0.01) and T2DM (P < 0.01) groups. In addition, the difference in the prevalence of "disturbances of pigmentation" was also significant in NGT and T2DM groups (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There was a high prevalence of skin diseases in the Da Qing Diabetes Study. To address the skin diseases in the Da Qing Diabetes Study, increased awareness and intervention measures should be implemented.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Blood Glucose , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Glucose Intolerance/epidemiology , Glucose Tolerance Test , Skin Diseases/epidemiology
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910387

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the impacts of radioactivity in foods since begining of the operation of the Hongyanhe Nuclear Power Plant (HNPP).Methods:The levels of radioactivity in foods collected within 30 km of HNPP from 2013 to 2020 were analyzed by comparison of the control samples and those collected before the operation. The impacts on the operation of the HNPP on foods were evaluated.Results:The man-made radionuclides such as 131I, 134Cs, 60Co, 58Co, 110Ag m were not found in food samples. The nautral radionuclides such as 238U, 226Ra, 232Th, 40K were at the normal levels, with the average levels of (0.088±0.053), (0.155±0.178), (0.314±0.388)and(81.3±18.1)Bq/kg(fresh weight)in foods, respectively. The average levels of man-made nuclide 137Cs in foods were (0.013±0.010) Bq/kg (fresh weight). There was no increase in radionuclide levels compared with the control samples and the samples before the operation. Conclusions:The impacts on foods due to the operation of HNPP was not found.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888018

ABSTRACT

Puerarin has the anti-Alzheimer's disease (AD) activity,which can reverse nerve injury induced by Aβand inhibit neuronal apoptosis.However,its potential pharmacodynamic mechanism still needs to be further researched.The occurrence and development of AD is due to the change of multiple metabolic links in the body,which leads to the destruction of balance.Puerarin may act on multiple targets and multiple metabolic processes to achieve therapeutic purposes.Quantitative proteomic analysis provides a new choice to understand the mechanism as completely as possible.This research adopted SH-SY5Y cells induced by Aβ_(1-42)to establish AD cell model,and Aβimmunofluorescence detection showed that Aβdecreased significantly after puerarin intervention.The mechanism of puerarin reversing SH-SY5Y cell injured by Aβ_(1-42)was further explored by using label-free non-labeled quantitative technology and Western blot detection based on bioinformatics analysis result.The results showed that most of the differential proteins were related to biological processes such as cellular component organization or biogenesis,cellular component organization and cellular component biogenesis,and they mainly participated in the top ten pathways of P value such as pathogenic Escherichia coli infection,m TOR signaling pathway,regulation of autophagy,regulation of actin cytoskeleton,spliceosome,hepatocellular carcinoma,tight junction,non-small cell lung cancer,apoptosis and gap junction.Annexin V/PI flow cytometry and TUNEL were used to detect apoptosis,and the results showed that Aβdecreased significantly and the rate of apoptosis decreased significantly after puerarin intervention.Western blot analysis found that the protein expression level of autophagy related protein LC3Ⅱwas up-regulated after Aβinduction,and the degree of this up-regulation was further enhanced in puerarin intervention group.The trend of the ratio of LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰamong groups was the same as the protein expression level of LC3Ⅱ,the protein expression level of p62 in the control group,AD model group and puerarin intervention group decreased successively.Protein interaction network analysis showed that CAP1 was correlated with TUBA1B,HSP90AB2P,DNM1L,TUBA1A and ERK1/2,and the correlation between CAP1 and ERK1/2 was the highest among them.Western blot showed that the expressions of p-ERK1/2,Bax and CAP1 were significantly down-regulated and the protein expression level of Bcl-2 was significantly up-regulated after puerarin intervention.Therefore,puerarin might improve the SH-SY5Y cells injured by Aβ_(1-42)through the interaction of multiple biological processes and pathways in cells multiple locations,and CAP1 might play an important role among them.


Subject(s)
Humans , Amyloid beta-Peptides , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Cell Line, Tumor , Isoflavones/pharmacology , Lung Neoplasms , Proteomics
20.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 399-404, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883896

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy of Xuebijing combined with human immunoglobulin for the treatment of severe and critically ill patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).Methods:A retrospective study was conducted. The clinical data of 65 patients with severe and critical COVID-19 admitted to Chongqing Public Health Medical Center and Chongqing Three Gorges Central Hospital from January 2020 to March 2020 during the period of supporting to combat COVID-19 by the medical team of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University and Chongqing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine were analyzed. According to different treatment regimens, patients were divided into conventional treatment group (conventional antivirus, anti-infection and symptomatic support treatments), Xuebijing group (Xuebijing was applied to patients with elevated inflammatory cytokines) and combination group (Xuebijing combined with human immunoglobulin, human immunoglobulin was applied to patients with low immunity indicated by monitoring results of lymphocytes and their subsets). The improvement of blood routine examination, blood gas analysis, myocardial enzyme spectrum, liver and kidney function, lymphocytes and their subsets and cytokines as well as severity score in three groups before and after treatment were observed. Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw the 28-day survival curve of each group, and the cumulative survival rate among the groups was compared.Results:Among the 65 severe and critically ill COVID-19 patients, only 20 patients received conventional treatment, 22 patients were treated with Xuebijing based on conventional treatment, and 23 patients were treated with Xuebijing combined with human immunoglobulin based on conventional treatment. Before treatment, CD4 + T cell count in combination group was higher than other two groups, and interleukin-6 (IL-6) was lower than other two groups, while other indicators showed no statistically significant differences among the three groups, suggesting that the baseline of the three groups was relatively balanced before treatment. The patients in the conventional treatment group were relieved after treatment, and it was characterized by that the acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHEⅡ) score and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were significantly lower than those before treatment [APACHEⅡ score: 5.20±2.74 vs. 6.20±1.93, LDH (μmol·s -1·L -1): 4.1±1.0 vs. 4.7±0.9, both P < 0.01], but there was still liver damage, which was manifested as higher aspartate aminotransferase (AST) than that before treatment [U/L: 30.5 (23.8, 41.5) vs. 21.0 (17.0, 34.0), P < 0.05]. In Xuebijing group, the respiratory function and immunity of patients were improved after treatment, and the improvement degree of the ratio of CD4 + T cell was more significant than that in the conventional treatment group (4.86±6.31 vs. -0.95±12.38, P < 0.05). However, the patients still lived with an "inflammatory storm" and liver damage after treatment. It was shown that IL-4 was significantly higher than that before treatment (ng/L: 2.57±1.15 vs. 1.92±1.04, P < 0.05), while albumin (ALB) decreased significantly compared with before treatment [g/L: 33.0 (30.5, 35.6) vs. 36.2 (32.1, 41.4), P < 0.01]. While the treatment of Xuebijing combined with human immunoglobulin could improve patients' respiratory function and enhance their immunity more effectively, it was shown that arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO 2), oxygenation index (PaO 2/FiO 2), T lymphocyte count, ratio of CD4 + T cell, CD4 + T cell count, CD8 + T cell count and CD4 +/CD8 + ratio were significantly higher than those before treatment, while ALB, IL-6, APACHEⅡ score and sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score were significantly lower than those before treatment. T lymphocyte count, the ratio of CD4 + T cell and IL-6 in combination group were improved more significantly than those in conventional treatment group and Xuebijing group [T lymphocyte count (×10 9/L): 310.68±359.28 vs. 46.54±240.01, 81.59±256.76; ratio of CD4 + T cell: 14.53±14.49 vs. -0.95±12.38, 4.86±6.31; IL-6 (ng/L): -25.53±39.05 vs. -1.75±5.45, 12.78±44.81], PaO 2/FiO 2 was improved more significantly as compared with the Xuebijing group [mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa): 146.31±109.73 vs. 59.41±87.70], and the differences were statistically different (all P < 0.05). Conclusion:The combination of Xuebijing and human immunoglobulin for the treatment of patients with COVID-19 can improve patients' respiratory function, reduce "inflammatory storm", enhance immunity, and alleviate severity of patients' condition.

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