Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 87
Filter
1.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 577-585, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010185

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop and validate a user-friendly risk score for older mitral regurgitation (MR) patients, referred to as the Elder-MR score.@*METHODS@#The China Senile Valvular Heart Disease (China-DVD) Cohort Study functioned as the development cohort, while the China Valvular Heart Disease (China-VHD) Study was employed for external validation. We included patients aged 60 years and above receiving medical treatment for moderate or severe MR (2274 patients in the development cohort and 1929 patients in the validation cohort). Candidate predictors were chosen using Cox's proportional hazards model and stepwise selection with Akaike's information criterion.@*RESULTS@#Eight predictors were identified: age ≥ 75 years, body mass index < 20 kg/m2, NYHA class III/IV, secondary MR, anemia, estimated glomerular filtration rate < 60 mL/min per 1.73 m2, albumin < 35 g/L, and left ventricular ejection fraction < 60%. The model displayed satisfactory performance in predicting one-year mortality in both the development cohort (C-statistic = 0.73, 95% CI: 0.69-0.77, Brier score = 0.06) and the validation cohort (C-statistic = 0.73, 95% CI: 0.68-0.78, Brier score = 0.06). The Elder-MR score ranges from 0 to 15 points. At a one-year follow-up, each point increase in the Elder-MR score represents a 1.27-fold risk of death (HR = 1.27, 95% CI: 1.21-1.34, P < 0.001) in the development cohort and a 1.24-fold risk of death (HR = 1.24, 95% CI: 1.17-1.30, P < 0.001) in the validation cohort. Compared to EuroSCORE II, the Elder-MR score demonstrated superior predictive accuracy for one-year mortality in the validation cohort (C-statistic = 0.71 vs. 0.70, net reclassification improvement = 0.320, P < 0.01; integrated discrimination improvement = 0.029, P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The Elder-MR score may serve as an effective risk stratification tool to assist clinical decision-making in older MR patients.

2.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 698-704, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940909

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To explore the efficacy and safety of emergency transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Methods: Data of patients who underwent emergency TAVR in eight centers, namely Fuwai Hospital, Wuhan Asia Heart Hospital, Xijing Hospital, Union Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, Zhongshan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, between May 2017 and December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The use of mechanical circulatory support system (MCS) and the results of laboratory tests (N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP)) and echocardiography (mean aortic valve cross valve pressure difference and left ventricular ejection fraction) before and after operation were collected. The primary endpoint was all-cause death, and the secondary endpoints were stroke, major bleeding, major vascular complications, myocardial infarction, permanent pacemaker implantation, and acute renal injury. Device success was caculated, which refered to absence of procedural mortality and correct positioning of a single prosthetic heart valve into the proper anatomical location and intended performance of the prosthetic heart valve (mean aortic valve gradient<20 mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) or peak velocity<3 m/s, with no moderate or severe prosthetic valve regurgitation). Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to estimate the survival rate of patients during follow-up. Results: This study included 48 patients. The age was (72.5±8.1) years, and 34 patients were males (70.8%). Device success rate was 91.7% (44/48). The mean aortic valve transvalvular pressure was significantly decreased after operation ((12.3±6.4)mmHg vs. (60.2±23.8)mmHg, P<0.000 1). Left ventricular ejection fraction was significantly increased ((41.5±11.7)% vs. (31.0±11.3)%, P<0.000 1). NT-proBNP significantly decreased (3 492.0 (1 638.8, 7 165.5) ng/L vs. 12 418.5 (6 693.8, 35 000.0) ng/L, P<0.000 1). In-hospital all-cause mortality was 8.3% (4/48). During hospitalization, the rate of stroke was 2.1% (1/48), major bleeding was 6.3% (3/48), major vascular complications was 10.4% (5/48), myocardial infarction was 4.2% (2/48), permanent pacemaker implantation was 6.3% (3/48), and the rate of acute renal injury was 12.5% (6/48). MCS was used in 20 patients (41.7%). The median follow-up time was 196 days. During the follow-up, one patient died (due to systemic metastasis of pancreatic cancer), two cases suffered new myocardial infarction and one case received permanent pacemaker implantation. The survival rate of 30 days, 1 year and 2 years after the operation were 91.7% (44/48), 89.6% (43/48), 89.6% (43/48), respectively. Conclusion: Emergency TAVR may be a safe and effective treatment for patients with severe decompensated aortic valve stenosis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Kidney Injury , Aortic Valve/surgery , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Myocardial Infarction/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stroke , Stroke Volume , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/methods , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Function, Left
3.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 563-569, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940889

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the single center experience of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) with a simplified operative protocol. Methods: Consecutive patients who underwent transfemoral TAVR (TF-TAVR) from July 2020 to December 2020 in Fuwai Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. We compared the baseline characteristic, procedure information, 30-day follow-up outcomes of the patients who underwent TF-TAVR without the simplified operative protocol (routine group) or with the simplified operative protocol (simplified protocol group). Results: 93 patients were collected, 42 patients belonging to routine group, 51 patients belonging to simplified protocol group. In simplified protocol group, there were 51 patients planned to use ultrasound-guided femoral access puncture, procedure was successful in all 51 patients (100%). There were 49 patients planned to use the radial artery as the secondary access, procedure was successful in 45 patients (92%). There were 48 patients planned to use the strategy of avoidance of urinary catheter, this strategy was achieved in 35 patients (73%). There were 12 patients planned to use the left ventricular guidewire to pace, procedure was successful in 11 patients (92%). There were no differences in baseline characteristics, major clinical endpoints and 30-day follow-up outcomes between the two groups. Meanwhile, the procedure time ((62.5±17.9)min vs. (78.3±16.7)min, P<0.001), operation room time ((133.7±25.1)min vs. (159.2±42.6)min, P<0.001), X-ray exposure time ((17.2±6.5)min vs. (20.2±7.7)min, P=0.027) were significantly shorten in simplified protocol group compared with the routine group. Conclusion: Our study results indicate that the simplified operative protocol of TF-TAVR is as effective and safe as the routine operative protocol, meanwhile using the simplified operative protocol can significantly increase the operative efficiency of TF-TAVR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Valve , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Femoral Artery/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Time Factors , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/methods , Treatment Outcome
4.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 142-149, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935118

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of left bundle branch pacing(LBBP) in patients after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Methods: This is a retrospective study. A total of 35 patients underwent TAVI and received pacemaker implantation from January 2018 to December 2020 in Beijing Fuwai Hospital were enrolled. Patients were divided into LBBP group (n=12) and right ventricular apex pacing (RVAP) group (n=23) according to the pacing position. The success rate of operation in LBBP group was calculated, and the occurrence of complications were observed, and the parameters of pacemaker were measured on the 3rd day and 1, 3 and 6 months after operation. The N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), echocardiographic and ECG indexes were compared between the two groups on the 3rd day and 1, 3, and 6 months after pacemaker implantation. Result: A total of 35 patients were included, The age was (76.4±7.7) years, including 19 males (54.3%). The procedure time ((86.58±17.10)min vs. (68.74±9.18)min, P<0.001) and fluoroscopy duration ((20.08±4.44)min vs. (17.00±2.26)min, P<0.001) were significantly longer in LBBP group compared with RVAP group. The operation success rate of LBBP group was 11/12. There was no serious operation related complications such as pneumothorax, hemothorax, electrode dislocation, infection, and lower limb bleeding. The patients were followed up for 7.43 (5.21, 9.84) months. The programmed parameters of pacemaker were in the ideal range and stable during follow-up. At 3 and 6 months after operation, the left ventricular ejection fraction in LBBP group was higher than that in RVAP Group (at 3 months: (60.75±2.89)% vs. (57.35±3.33)%, P=0.004; at 6 months: (63.17±3.33)% vs. (56.17±3.97)%, P<0.001), NT-proBNP values was lower in LBBP group than that in RVAP Group (at 3 months: 822 (607, 1 150)ng/L vs. 1 052 (902, 1 536)ng/L, P=0.006; at 6 months: 440 (330,679)ng/L vs. 783 (588, 1 023)ng/L, P=0.001). At 1, 3 and 6 months after operation, the QRS duration was shorter in LBBP group than that in RVAP group (1 month: 99 (97, 107)ms vs. 126(124, 130)ms, P<0.001; 3 months: 98(96, 105)ms vs. 129(128, 133)ms, P<0.001; 6 months: 96(94, 104)ms vs. 130(128, 132)ms, P<0.001). Conclusions: For patients with permanent pacemaker indications after TAVI, LBBP is feasible, safe and reliable. It could improve the cardiac function in the short term, the long-term effect of LBBP needs to be further observed.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Bundle of His , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial/methods , Electrocardiography/methods , Fluoroscopy , Retrospective Studies , Stroke Volume , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Function, Left
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880566

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effectiveness of Danhong Injection () on improving microcirculatory injury after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD).@*METHODS@#A randomized controlled trial was conducted and 90 patients were enrolled. A random sequence was generated using statistical analysis software. Patients with microcirculatory injuries after PCI were randomly divided into 3 groups for treatment (30 subjects in each group): Danhong Injection group: after PCI, Danghong Injections were given with intravenous administration with 40 mL twice a day for a week; statins intensive group: after PCI, atorvastatin calcium tablets were given oral medication with 80 mg once, and then atorvastatin 40 mg daily for 1 week; the control group: after PCI, atorvastatin calcium tablets were given oral medication with 10-20 mg daily for 1 week. The index of microcirculation resistance (IMR) was used to assess microcirculatory injury during PCI. The IMR of the target vessel was reexamined after 1 week of drug treatment.@*RESULTS@#After one week's drug treatment, IMR was significantly decreased in both statins intensive group and Danhong Injection group compared with the control group (P<0.01), but no difference was found between statins intensive group and Danhong injection group (14.03 ± 2.54 vs. 16.03 ± 5.72 U, P=0.080).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The efficacy of Danhong Injection is non-inferior to statin. Early use of Danhong Injection after PCI can effectively improve coronary microcirculation injury after PCI.

6.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 461-466, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941302

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the safety and efficacy of left ventricular guidewire pacing during transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Methods: This is a retrospective study. Thirteen patients, who underwent TAVR with left ventricular guidewire pacing from October 2019 to December 2019 in Fuwai Hospital, were included. Clinical data and operational procedure data of the patients were collected. Changes in blood pressure and electrocardiogram were observed during operations. Ascending aorta angiography was performed to evaluate the regurgitation of aortic valve after valve implantion. The incidence of major adverse cardiac events during hospitalization and at 3-months after discharge was recorded. Results: There were 7 male and 6 female patients in this cohort,and age was (73.8±8.3) years old. Among the 13 patients, 9 were tricuspid aortic valves, 3 were bicuspid aortic valves, and 1 was degenerated bioprosthetic surgical aortic valve. TAVR were successfully performed in all of the 13 cases using pacing through the left ventricular guidewire. During balloon dilation, the blood pressure decreased to below 60 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) after 180 beats/min pacing, and the valve release process was smooth and the position was stable. The results of aortography showed that there was no regurgitation in 7 cases, mild regurgitation in 5 cases and moderate regurgitation in 1 case. Three patients required temporary pacing during the procedure due to complete heart block, among whom 1 patient was implanted with permanent pacemaker during hospitalization, and the other 2 patients recovered within 24 hours after operation. In another case, there was no significant change of electrocardiogram during the operation, and complete heart block occurred 10 days after the operation, and treated with permanent pacemaker. The other 10 patients began to carry out bedside activities and rehabilitation training 24 hours after operation. There was no death, myocardial infarction, stroke and other major adverse cardiac events during hospitalization and at 3-month follow-up after discharge. Conclusion: Left ventricular guidewire pacing is a safe and effective strategy for TAVR.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Aortic Valve/surgery , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement , Treatment Outcome
7.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 66-70, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941236

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the feasibility of the single-stage stent implantation following rotational atherectomy combined with transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in treating patients with severe aortic stenosis(AS) and severe calcified coronary artery stenosis. Methods: Three patients who received single-stage stent implantation following rotational atherectomy combined with TAVR in Fuwai hospital from April to October 2019 were included in this retrospective analysis. Clinical and anatomical features (including echocardiography and aortic CT) of the patients were collected, efficacy and safety of this operation strategy were observed and 6 months follow up results were summarized. Results: Three patients (2 females, 66-80 years old) were included. The mean Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) risk score was 7.8%. The mean maximum velocity of aortic valve was 4.4 m/s, the mean transvalvular pressure gradient was 53.2 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), mean left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was 48.6%. All three patients had severe calcified coronary artery stenosis: left anterior descending artery (LAD, n=2) and left main coronary artery (LM, n=1), requiring rotary grinding. The mean SYNTAX score was 20. All the procedures were performed through transfemoral access. After aortic valve crossing, all coronary lesions were successfully treated with stent implantation following rotational atherectomy, transfemoral TAVR was then immediately performed with a self-expandable Venus-A valve. One patient underwent"valve-in-valve"implantation due to the high-implantation position of the first valve. The procedures were completed without complications in all the three patients. The immediate effect was satisfactory. Echocardiography results showed that the mean maximum velocity of aortic valve was 2.1 m/s, mean gradient was 9.3 mmHg, and mean LVEF was 59% after the procedure. There was no death and revascularization during the 6 months follow-up. Conclusion: In patients with severe calcified coronary artery and severe AS with high risk of cardiac surgery, the single-stage stent implantation following rotational atherectomy combined with TAVR is feasible and results are satisfactory in this patient cohort.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922114

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effect of Danhong Injection (, DH) on the index of microcirculatory resistance (IMR) and myocardial injury in patients with unstable angina undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).@*METHODS@#Seventy-eight patients with unstable angina were randomly divided into DH group (39 cases) and the control group (39 cases) during elective PCI. Randomization was performed using a random-number table. The DH group received DH at a dosage of 40 mL (mixed with 250 mL saline, covered by a light-proof bag, intravenous drip) during PCI and daily for 7 consecutive days, while the control group only received the same dosage of saline. Both groups received standardized treatment. The IMR and fractional flow reserve (FFR) were measured at maximal hyperemia before and after PCI. Myocardial markers, including myoglobin, creatine kinase (CK), creatine kinase MB (CK-MB), and coronary troponin T (cTnT) values were measured at baseline and 24 h after PCI.@*RESULTS@#Among the 78 patients enrolled, the baseline and procedural characteristics were similar between the two groups. There was no significant difference in pre-PCI myocardial markers and coronary physiological indexes between the two groups. However, post-PCI CK and CK-MB levels in the DH group were significantly lower than those in the control group (111.97 ± 80.97 vs. 165.47 ± 102.99, P=0.013; 13.08 ± 6.90 vs. 19.75 ± 15.49, P=0.016). Post-PCI myoglobin and cTNT-positive tend to be lower in the DH group than in the control group but did not reach statistical significance (88.07 ± 52.36 vs. 108.13 ± 90.94, P=0.52; 2.56% vs.7.69%, P=0.065). Compared with the control group, the post-IMR levels of the DH group tended to decrease, but there was no statistical difference (20.73 ± 13.15 vs. 26.37 ± 12.31, P=0.05). There were no statistical differences in post-FFR in both groups. The peri-procedural myocardial injury of the DH group was significantly lower than that of the control group (2.56% vs. 15.38%, P=0.025). During the 30-d follow-up period, no major adverse cardiovascular events occurred in either group.@*CONCLUSION@#This study demonstrated benefit of DH in reducing myocardial injury and potential preserving microvascular function in patients with unstable angina undergoing elective PCI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angina, Unstable/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fractional Flow Reserve, Myocardial , Microcirculation , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Pilot Projects , Treatment Outcome
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1276-1284, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827609

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Imprecise interpretation of coronary angiograms was reported and resulted in inappropriate revascularization. Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery (SYNTAX) score is a comprehensive system to evaluate the complexity of the overall lesions. We hypothesized that a real-time SYNTAX score feedback from image analysts may rectify the mis-estimation and improve revascularization appropriateness in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD).@*METHODS@#In this single-center, historical control study, patients with stable CAD with coronary lesion stenosis ≥50% were consecutively recruited. During the control period, SYNTAX scores were calculated by treating cardiologists. During the intervention period, SYNTAX scores were calculated by image analysts immediately after coronary angiography and were provided to cardiologists in real-time to aid decision-making. The primary outcome was revascularization deemed inappropriate by Chinese appropriate use criteria for coronary revascularization.@*RESULTS@#A total of 3245 patients were enrolled and assigned to the control group (08/2016-03/2017, n = 1525) or the intervention group (03/2017-09/2017, n = 1720). For SYNTAX score tertiles, 17.9% patients were overestimated and 4.3% were underestimated by cardiologists in the control group. After adjustment, inappropriate revascularization significantly decreased in the intervention group compared with the control group (adjusted odds ratio [OR]: 0.83; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.73-0.95; P = 0.007). Both inappropriate percutaneous coronary intervention (adjusted OR: 0.82; 95% CI: 0.74-0.92; P < 0.001) and percutaneous coronary intervention utilization (adjusted OR: 0.88; 95% CI: 0.79-0.98; P = 0.016) decreased significantly in the intervention group. There was no significant difference in 1-year adverse cardiac events between the control group and the intervention group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Real-time SYNTAX score feedback significantly reduced inappropriate coronary revascularization in stable patients with CAD.@*CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION@#Nos. NCT03068858 and NCT02880605; https://www.clinicaltrials.gov.

10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2674-2681, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877875

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The mechanism and characteristics of early and late drug-eluting stent in-stent restenosis (DES-ISR) have not been fully clarified. Whether there are different outcomes among those patients being irrespective of their repeated treatments remain a knowledge gap.@*METHODS@#A total of 250 patients who underwent initial stent implantation in our hospital, and then were readmitted to receive treatment for the reason of recurrent significant DES-ISR in 2016 were involved. The patients were categorized as early ISR (<12 months; E-ISR; n = 32) and late ISR (≥12 months; L-ISR; n = 218). Associations between patient characteristics and clinical performance, as well as clinical outcomes after a repeated percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were evaluated. Primary composite endpoint of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) included cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), or target lesion revascularization (TLR).@*RESULTS@#Most baseline characteristics are similar in both groups, except for the period of ISR, initial pre-procedure thrombolysis in myocardial infarction, and some serum biochemical indicators. The incidence of MACE (37.5% vs. 5.5%; P < 0.001) and TLR (37.5% vs. 5.0%; P < 0.001) is higher in the E-ISR group. After multivariate analysis, E-ISR (odds ratio [OR], 13.267; [95% CI 4.984-35.311]; P < 0.001) and left ventricular systolic dysfunction (odds ratio [OR], 6.317; [95% CI 1.145-34.843]; P = 0.034) are the independent predictors for MACE among DES-ISR patients in the mid-term follow-up of 12 months.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Early ISR and left ventricular systolic dysfunction are associated with MACE during the mid-term follow-up period for DES-ISR patients. The results may benefit the risk stratification and secondary prevention for DES-ISR patients in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Restenosis , Drug-Eluting Stents/adverse effects , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/adverse effects , Prognosis , Treatment Outcome
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1-8, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781614

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The Chinese appropriate use criteria (AUC) for coronary revascularization was released in 2016 to improve the use of coronary revascularization. This study aimed to evaluate the association between the appropriateness of coronary revascularization based on the Chinese AUC and 1-year outcomes in stable coronary artery disease (CAD) patients.@*METHODS@#We conducted a prospective, multi-center cohort study of stable CAD patients with coronary lesion stenosis ≥50%. After the classification of appropriateness based on Chinese AUC, patients were categorized into the coronary revascularization group or the medical therapy group based on treatment received. The primary outcome was a composite of death, myocardial infarction, stroke, repeated revascularization, and ischemic symptoms with hospital admission.@*RESULTS@#From August 2016 to August 2017, 6085 patients were consecutively enrolled. Coronary revascularization was associated with a lower adjusted hazard of 1-year major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs; hazard ratio [HR]: 0.62; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.45-0.86; P = 0.004) than medical therapy in patients with appropriate indications (n = 1617). No significant benefit in 1-year MACCEs was found after revascularization compared to after medical therapy in patients with uncertain indications (n = 2658, HR: 0.81; 95% CI: 0.52-1.25; P = 0.338) and inappropriate indications (n = 1810, HR: 0.80; 95% CI: 0.51-1.23; P = 0.308).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In patients with appropriate indications according to Chinese AUC, coronary revascularization was associated with significantly lower risk of MACCEs at 1 year. No benefit was found in coronary revascularization in patients with inappropriate indications. Our findings provide evidence for using Chinese AUC to guide clinical decision-making.@*CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION@#NCT02880605. https://www.clinicaltrials.gov.

12.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 958-963, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703909

ABSTRACT

Objectives: This study sought to compare both the safety and efficacy of transradial (TRI) versus transfemoral (TFI) approach in women undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in China. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed data from 5 067 women undergoing PCI in Fuwai Hospital, Beijing, China between 2006 and 2011. 4 105 patients underwent TRI and 962 patients underwent TFI. A One-to-one propensity score matching (PSM) was performed to control for potential biases. A total of 897 pairs were matched. Results: After controlling for confounders using PSM, baseline and procedural characteristics were well-balanced between TRI and TFI groups. Patients undergoing TRI had significantly fewer major post-PCI bleeding (1.0% vs 3.5%, P<0.001) and access site complications (8.5% vs 19.7%,P<0.001) after PSM. There was no statistical differences in the incidence rates of major adverse cardiac events (a composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and target vessel revascularization) during hospitalization (P>0.05). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that TRI was an independent predictor of reduced major bleeding (OR=0.64, 95%CI: 0.54-0.76, P<0.001) and access site complications (OR=0.67, 95%CI:0.61-0.74, P<0.001). Conclusions: Our result show that TRI is related to reduced major bleeding and access site complications as compared to TFI in Chinese female patients undergoing PCI.

13.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 606-610, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703905

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To observe the clinical features and factorsrelated to treatment decision for hospitalizedpatients with mitral regurgitation (MR). Methods:A total of 3 450 consecutivepatients with transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) confirmed moderate to severe MR admitted in our hospital from 2014-01-01 to 2015-12-31 were enrolled. Base on therapeutic method, the patients were divided into 2 groups:Surgery group, n=1 845 and Medication group, n=1 605. The baseline data including TTE results were collected, clinical features were compared between 2 groups and factors related to treatment decision were analyzed. Results:Mean age of this patient cohort was (54.8±13.8) years including 26.99% (931/3 450) patients aged ≥65 years. The most common etiology was primary MR, 324 (9.39%) patients were asymptomatic at admission and decreased left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was evidenced in 55.28% (1 907) patients. Total in-hospital mortality was 0.75% (26). Compared with Medication group, the patients in Surgery group were younger ([52.65±12.01] years vs [57.39±15.25] years), prevalence of severe MR (56.69% vs 26.79%) and primary MR (89.49% vs 39.00%), as well as LVEF value ([61.62±9.20] % vs [48.00±17.53] %) were higher (all P<0.001).Logistic regression analysis indicated that age (OR=0.561, 95% CI 0.503-0.627), MR etiology (OR=3.062, 95% CI 2.565-3.654), MR grade (OR=0.103, 95% CI 0.085-0.126) and LVEF (OR=2.478, 95% CI 2.147-2.860) were the determinants for treatmentdecision making in hospitalized patients with moderate to severe MR. Conclusions:In this patient cohort, there are considerable proportion of aged patients with moderate to severe MR. Primary MRis the major etiology. 46.52% patients received conservative therpay instead of surgery, older age,secondary MR, moderate MR and decreased LVEF are the major reasons for choosing conservative therapy in this patient cohort.

14.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 419-423, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703873

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to compare the 30-day clinical outcome after simultaneous hybrid coronary revascularization (HCR) with off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease and evaluate the safety and efficiency of simultaneous hybrid coronary revascularization strategy. Methods: Simultaneous HCR was performed in 533 patients with multivessel coronary artery disease at Fuwai hospital from January 2009 to January 2017. These patients were 1:1 matched with patients underwent OPCABG using propensity score matching method. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac or cerebrovascular events (MACCE) over the 30-day follow-up post-surgery, and the second endpoints were in-hospital outcomes, including chest tube drainage, transfusion rate, mechanical ventilation time and length of stay in intensive care unit. Results: Chest tube drainage post-surgery (ml)(714 [523, 971] vs 965 [716, 1 220], P<0.001),Blood transfusion rate (19.7% vs 34.0%, P=0.024), mechanical ventilation time (hours) (12.6[9.3, 15.7] vs 16.0 [12.8, 18.7], P<0.001), and stay in intensive care unit (hours) (21.7[19.8, 42.4] vs 41.6[23.6, 70.0], P<0.001) were all significantly reduced in the simultaneous HCR group than in OPCABG group. Mortality, myocardial infarction, stroke, repeat revascularization rate and accumulated MACCE rate during the 30-day follow-up were similar between HCR group and OPCABG group .Conclusions: For selected patients with multivessel coronary artery disease, simultaneous HCR provided a safe and effective alternative revascularization strategy. Simultaneous HCR is associated with less blood loss, faster recovery, and fewer perioperative complications and achieved similar and favorable early outcomes as compared with OPCABG strategy.

15.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 336-340, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703860

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To explore the clinical experience for a bridge therapy of percutaneous balloon aortic valvuloplasty (PBAV) in treating the patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS). Methods: A total of 37 patients with severe AS who were not suitable for surgical valvular replacement received PBAV in our hospital from 2011-03 to 2017-03 were retrospectively studied. The patient's mean age was (74±12) years, their clinical and anatomical features, efficacy and safety of operation were observed and the outcomes were evaluated by follow-up study. Results: Patients presented the high surgical risk and worse cardiac function, 50% of them had bicuspid leaflet morphology with severe calcification [HU850=(856.0±658.2) mm3]. Balloon size was chosen by the intra-operative supra-annular diameters; at 7 days after operation, aortic valve orifice area (AVOA) was increased from (0.37±0.10) cm2to (0.87±1.10) cm2, the mean trans-aortic valve gradient pressure decreased form (55.1±22.9) mmHg to (44.8±17.8) mmHg, P<0.001 and LVEF elevated form(35.8±14.3)% to(41.0±12.2)%,P<0.001.There were 4 patients died in hospital,1 received permanent pacemaker and 1 developed severe aortic valve regurgitation. The patients were followed-up for (16.5±11.1)months after operation, 13/37 (35.1%) patients were in transition to surgical or transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Conclusions: PBAV may have good early clinical efficacy in severe AS patients who were not suitable for surgical valvular replacement and TAVR; PBAV could be expected to become a bridge therapy, smaller supra-annular diameter was safe and effective for patients having bicuspid leaflet with severe calcification.

16.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 231-235, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703845

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the clinical features and treatment status for elderly in-hospital patients with mitral regurgitation (MR). Methods: A single center retrospective study was conducted in 1 741 patients admitted in our hospital from 2014-05-01 to 2015-04-30 with echocardiography confirmed moderate to severe MR. The patients were divided into 2 groups: Elderly group, n=680(39.06%)patients≥60 years of age and Non-elderly group,n=1 061(60.94%)patients<60 years.Clinical features and treatment status were studied and compared between 2 groups. Results: The mean age in Elderly group was (66.98±5.94) years and the most common type was degenerative MR (41.18%). Compared with Non-elderly group, Elderly group had more patients combining coronary artery disease (37.79% vs 17.43% ), more risk factors of atherosclerosis such as hypertension (45.44% vs 25.17%), diabetes (19.56% vs 8.48%) and hyperglycemia (35.29% vs 19.51%) all P<0.05; Elderly group had the higher EuroSCORE Ⅱ score (5.54±2.42) vs (3.15±1.66), greater left ventricular end diastolic diameter (57.72±12.37) mm vs (57.33±10.19) mm and less patients combining multiple valve disease (35.59% vs 40.81%), less patients received surgical treatment (54.71% vs 63.9%), all P<0.05. The surgery procedures (mitral valve replacement or mitral-plasty) were similar between 2 groups; compared with Non-elderly group, Elderly group had the higher application rate of bio-prosthetic valve (53.88% vs 18.67%), P<0.001. Conclusion: About 40% in-hospital moderate to severe MR patients were the elderly crowd, the most common pathogenesis was degenerative changes which leaded the higher incidences of cardiac complications, worse cardiac function and the higher risk scores for surgical treatment, there were less patients received surgery.

17.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 217-221, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703842

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the prognosis of intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) supported primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) between very elderly (age ≥ 80 years) and elderly (age < 80 years) patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods: A total of 288 STEMI patients received IABP supported PPCI in our hospital from 2004-01 to 2015-12 were retrospectively studied. Clinical condition, coronary angiography and follow-up data were analyzed; the patients with pre-operative cardiac shock, mechanical complication and non ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome were excluded. Eligible patients were divided into 2 groups: Very elderly group, n=51 and Elderly group, n=237. Major adverse cardiac and cerebral events (MACCE) as death, cardiac shock, new or worsen heart failure, re-MI and stroke were studied at 1 month and 1, 2 years after PPCI. Independent predictors for MACCE occurrence were investigated by Cox proportional hazard model analysis.Results: Compared with Elderly group, Very elderly group had increased incidence of MACCE at 1 month after PPCI (41.2% vs 24.5%), P=0.029 and obviously elevated incidence of stroke (9.8% vs 0.8%), P<0.001. Mortalities were similar between 2 groups at 1 month and 1 year after PPCI (17.6% vs 15.2%) and (25.5% vs 16.9%), both P>0.05; mortality was higher in Very elderly group at 2 years after PPCI (35.3% vs 20.7%), Log-rank P=0.037. Cox proportional hazard model analysis indicated that post-operative TIMI flow < 3 was the strong independent predictor for MACCE occurrence (HR=3.41, 95% CI 2.09-5.56, P<0.001), which was also the strongest predictor for death at different time points as at 1 month after PPCI (HR=9.51, 95% CI 5.23-17.29), at 1 year after PPCI (HR=7.24, 95% CI 4.13-12.69) and at 2 years after PPCI (HR=5.85, 95% CI 3.45-9.94), all P<0.001. Patients ≥ 80 years had no obvious predictors for end point event occurrence. Conclusion: Very elderly STEMI patients had the higher mortality at 2 years after IABP supported PPCI and increased incidence of MACCE at 1 month after PPCI. Patients≥80 years had no obvious predictors for end point event occurrence.

18.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 24-29, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703809

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the middle and long term clinical outcomes of one-stop hybrid coronary revascularization, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in treating the patients with multivessel coronary artery disease; to explore the optimal indication of one-stop hybrid technology. Methods: Our research included in 3 groups: Hybrid group, n=141 patients received one-stop hybrid coronary revascularization in our hospital from 2006-06 to 2010-16. Meanwhile, 5797 patients received CABG and 4254 received PCI, the major pre-operative risk factors were studied by Logistic regression analysis to calculate propensity score, adjacent matching was used to respectively select 141 subjects from CABG and PCI patients to make 1:1 match with Hybrid group as CABG group and PCI group. EuroSCORE and SYNTAX score were used to make risk stratification in all 3 groups. By EuroSCORE system: low risk ≤ 2, medium risk (3-5) and high risk ≥ 6; by SYNTAX score system: low risk ≤ 24, medium risk (25-29) and high risk ≥ 30. The incidence of major adverse cardiac/cerebral vascular events (MACCE) was compared among 3 groups at different risk stratifications. Results: The mean follow-up time was 4.5 years up to 2015-01. The overall incidence of MACCE was lower in Hybrid group (9.9%) than PCI group (27.7%), P<0.001; while it was similar between Hybrid group and CABG group (19.1%), P=0.150. By EuroSCORE stratification, the incidence of MACCE in low risk and medium risk patients were similar among 3 groups; while in high risk patients, the incidence was lower in Hybrid group than both CABG group (P=0.017) and PCI group (P<0.001). By SYNTAX score stratification, the incidence of MACCE in low risk and medium risk patients were similar among 3 groups; while in high risk patients, the incidence was lower in Hybrid group than PCI group (P<0.001), it was similar between Hybrid group and CABG group (P=0.355). Conclusion: One-stop hybrid technology had the better middle and long term outcomes for treating multivessel coronary artery disease patients with high risk stratification, which provided an alternative strategy in clinical practice.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-281395

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare hospital costs and clinical outcomes between transradial intervention (TRI) and transfemoral intervention (TFI) in elderly patients aged over 65 years. Methods We identified 1229 patients aged over 65 years who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in Fuwai Hospital, Beijing, China, between January 1 and December 31, 2010. Total hospital costs and in-hospital outcomes were compared between TRI and TFI. An inverse probability weighting (IPW) model was introduced to control potential biases. Results Patients who underwent TRI were younger, less often female, more likely to receive PCI for single-vessel lesions, and less likely to undergo the procedure for ostial lesions. TRI was associated with a cost saving of CNY7495 (95%CI: CNY4419-10 420). Such differences were mainly driven by lower PCI-related costs. TRI patients had shorter length of stay (1.9 days, 95%CI: 1.1-2.7 days), shorter post-procedural stay (0.7 days, 95%CI: 0.3-1.1 days), and fewer major adverse cardiac events (adjusted odds ratio = 0.47, 95%CI: 0.31-0.73). There was no statistical significance in the incidence of post-PCI bleeding between TRI and TFI (P>0.05). Such differences remained consistent in clinically relevant subgroups of acute myocardial infarction, acute coronary syndrome, and stable angina. Conclusion The use of TRI in patients aged over 65 years was associated with significantly reduced hospital costs and more favorable clinical outcomes.

20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 638-643, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357945

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The impact of body mass index (BMI) on the clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients ≥ 75 years old remained unclear.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 1098 elderly patients undergoing PCI with stent implantation were recruited. Patients were divided into four groups by the value of BMI: Underweight (≤ 20.0 kg/m 2 ), normal weight (20.0-24.9 kg/m 2 ), overweight (25.0-29.9 kg/m 2 ) and obese (≥ 30.0 kg/m 2 ). Major clinical outcomes after PCI were compared between the groups. The primary endpoint was defined as in-hospital major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs), which included death, myocardial infarction (MI) and target vessel revascularization. The secondary endpoint was defined as 1 year death. Logistic regression analysis was performed to adjust for the potential confounders.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Totally, 1077 elderly patients with available BMIs were included in the analysis. Patients of underweight, normal weight, overweight and obese accounted for 5.6%, 45.4%, 41.5% and 7.5% of the population, respectively. Underweight patients were more likely to attract ST-segment elevation MI, and get accompanied with anemia or renal dysfunction. Meanwhile, they were less likely to achieve thrombolysis in MI 3 grade flow after PCI, and receive beta-blocker, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin receptor blocker after discharge. In underweight, normal weight, overweight and obese patients, in-hospital MACE were 1.7%, 2.7%, 3.8%, and 3.7% respectively (P = 0.68), and 1 year mortality rates were 5.0%, 3.9%, 5.1% and 3.7% (P = 0.80), without significant difference between the groups. Multivariate regression analysis showed that the value of BMI was not associated with in-hospital MACE in patients at 75 years old.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The BMI "obese paradox" was not found in patients ≥ 75 years old. It was suggested that BMI may not be a sensitive predictor of adverse cardiovascular events in elderly patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Body Mass Index , Logistic Models , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Treatment Outcome
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL