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1.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 697-701, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805456

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relations between dietary intake during pregnancy and the incidence of their babies with small for gestational age (SGA).@*Methods@#Data on demographics, dietary intake of protein, fat, and carbohydrates of the pregnant mothers during the first, second and third trimester, were collected. Information related to birth weight and gestational age of the infants were also gathered. A total of 8 102 women, who delivered their babies at the First Affiliated Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from March 2012 to September 2016, were enrolled in this project. Among them, 961 mothers had infants with SGA but the other 7 141 of them having normal infants. Unconditional logistic regression model was used to analyze the effect of dietary nutrient intake on SGA the first, second and third trimester.@*Results@#We found that low dietary intake of protein during the first trimester and following trimesters during pregnancy were positively associated with higher risk of SGA (OR=1.534, 95%CI: 1.217-1.934; OR=1.268, 95%CI: 1.005-1.599; OR=1.310, 95%CI: 1.036-1.655). When adjusting for maternal pre-pregnancy BMI, we found that when mothers were with a pre-pregnancy BMI less than 18.5 or with low maternal intake of protein during the first trimester, positive association with higher risk of SGA (OR=1.872, 95%CI: 1.033-3.395; OR=1.754, 95%CI: 1.125-2.734), was noticed. However, for mothers with a pre-pregnancy BMI between 18.5 and 24.0 or with low protein intake during the first trimester, significant association with higher risk of SGA (OR=1.465, 95%CI: 1.089-1.972) was found.@*Conclusions@#Through our observation, maternal dietary intake during pregnancy seemed to be associated with the risk of SGA but the effects of dietary intake were different, according to the BMI of pre-pregnancy population. Early pregnancy appeares as the key period for dietary intake which may influence the SGA.

2.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 682-685, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805453

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effect of lipopolysaccharide intervention program on Legionella pneumonia.@*Methods@#C3H/HeN mice (6-8 weeks old) were used as experimental animals. The mice were randomly divided into lipopolysaccharide intervention, non-lipopolysaccharide intervention and control groups. Each group was again divided into three time points: 12 h, 24 h and 48 h. Mice in the lipopolysaccharide intervention group were intraperitoneally injected with E. coli lipopolysaccharide (100 ng per mice), and the rest groups were intraperitoneally injected with normal saline. After 24 hours, mice in the lipopolysaccharide intervention and the non-intervention groups mice were infected with Legionella by tracheal injection and the control group was given the same amount of saline. All the mice were killed at 12, 24 and 48 hours respectively. The mice were anatomized, lungs of the mice were separated and weighed. Organ coefficients (lung weight/body weight of mice) were calculated. 1 ml Orbital blood was collected. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) levels of peripheral blood mononuclear cells were measured by flow cytometry. The contents of TNF-α and IL-1β in the upper left lung lobe were measured by ELISA.@*Results@#In the lung organs, the coefficients of lipopolysaccharide non-intervention group were higher than the other groups and there was no significant difference seen between the lipopolysaccharide intervention group and the controls. TLR4 peaked at 12 hours in both the lipopolysaccharide intervention and the non-intervention groups while the TLR4 level in the intervention group was higher than that in the non-intervention group. There were no significant differences appeared on the TLR4 expression levels between the two Legionella pneumonia modelled groups at 24 or 48 hours. There was no significant difference seen regarding the concentration of TNF-α and IL-1β between the intervention and the control groups. The secretion levels of TNF-α and IL-1β in the non-intervention group were higher than those in the intervention group at each time point.@*Conclusion@#The lipopolysaccharide intervention program may alleviate the inflammatory symptoms of Legionella infection.

3.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 830-835, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738055

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of dietary cholesterol intake on gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM),at one year prior to and first and second trimesters of pregnancy.Methods Between March 2012 and September 2016,the pregnant women from the First Affiliated Hospital of Shanxi Medical University were asked to fill in a set of questionnaires,by which information on general demographic characteristics,diagnosis of GDM and dietary cholesterol intake was collected.Unconditional logistic regression method was used to analyze the influence of dietary cholesterol intake on GDM,at one year prior to and first and second trimesters of pregnancy.The association on dietary cholesterol intake and GDM between age groups was also analyzed.Results Data on 9 005 subjects,including 1 388 pregnant women with GDM,was collected.When the amount of cholesterol intake was stratified into quartile,results from the unconditional logistic regression showed that dietary cholesterol intake appeared ≥76.50 mg/d,both in the periods of one year prior to and the second trimester of pregnancy.This amount of dietary cholesterol intake would increase the risk of GDM (one year prior to pregnant:OR=1.230,95%CI:1.018-1.485;second trimester:OR=1.228,95%C1:1.014-1.486).Women who took ≥76.50 mg/d of daily cholesterol during the period of one year prior to,or 46.75-76.50 mg/d during the second trimester of pregnancy,the risks of GDM (OR=4.644,95%CI:1.106-19.499) would increase.Women with daily cholesterol intake over 76.50 mg/d during the period of one year prior to or at the second trimester of pregnancy,there appeared a risk on GDM (OR=1.217,95% CI:1.012-1.463).When maternal age was divided in two different subgroups and the cholesterol intake level was ≥76.50 mg/d both in the period of one year prior to pregnancy or at the second trimester,the risk of GDM appeared in the subgroup of <35 years old (OR=1.336,95%CI:1.083-1.647;OR=1.341,95%CI:1.087-1.654).However,no significant association was found in the maternal age group of ≥35 years old.Conclusion High level of dietary cholesterol intake would increase the risk of GDM,both in the period of one year prior to and at the second trimester of pregnancy.

4.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 631-635, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738014

ABSTRACT

Objective To estimate the prevalence of HIV/HCV co-infection and explore the influence factors and their interaction on HIV/HCV co-infection of patient's access to methadone maintenance treatment (MMT).Methods A face to face interviews were conducted among 750 patients at two MMT clinics in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.The questionnaires information included demographic characteristics,HIV and HCV infection status,history of drug abuse,urine test for morphine,high risk sex behaviors,needle sharing,dropped out etc.Methods of x2 test one-way,multivariate logistic regression and interactions were used to analyze the related factors of HIV/HCV co-infection.Results The study subjects included 750 participants,18.31% (127/691) of patients were co-infected with HIV and HCV.The HIV/HCV co-infection rate in patients who shared needles with others or dropped out of treatment was 35.84% (81/226) and 19.88% (64/322) respectively,which were higher than those who have never shared needles or dropped out (9.89%,46/465 and 17.07%,63/369).Logistic regression analysis results showed that after adjusted for confounding factors,patients who shared needles (OR=4.50,95%CI:2.72-7.43) and dropped out of treatment (OR=1.71,95%CI:1.04-2.80) were more likely to be infected with HIV/HCV.Interaction analysis showed that sharing needles and dropping out of treatment exist additive effect on co-infection of HIV and HCV (RERI=4.21,AP=0.44,SI=1.95).Conclusions Needle sharing and dropping out of treatment are associated with HIV/HCV co-infection.Health education,psychological counseling and other measures should be taken to reduce needle sharing and dropping out of MMT.

5.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 830-835, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736587

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of dietary cholesterol intake on gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM),at one year prior to and first and second trimesters of pregnancy.Methods Between March 2012 and September 2016,the pregnant women from the First Affiliated Hospital of Shanxi Medical University were asked to fill in a set of questionnaires,by which information on general demographic characteristics,diagnosis of GDM and dietary cholesterol intake was collected.Unconditional logistic regression method was used to analyze the influence of dietary cholesterol intake on GDM,at one year prior to and first and second trimesters of pregnancy.The association on dietary cholesterol intake and GDM between age groups was also analyzed.Results Data on 9 005 subjects,including 1 388 pregnant women with GDM,was collected.When the amount of cholesterol intake was stratified into quartile,results from the unconditional logistic regression showed that dietary cholesterol intake appeared ≥76.50 mg/d,both in the periods of one year prior to and the second trimester of pregnancy.This amount of dietary cholesterol intake would increase the risk of GDM (one year prior to pregnant:OR=1.230,95%CI:1.018-1.485;second trimester:OR=1.228,95%C1:1.014-1.486).Women who took ≥76.50 mg/d of daily cholesterol during the period of one year prior to,or 46.75-76.50 mg/d during the second trimester of pregnancy,the risks of GDM (OR=4.644,95%CI:1.106-19.499) would increase.Women with daily cholesterol intake over 76.50 mg/d during the period of one year prior to or at the second trimester of pregnancy,there appeared a risk on GDM (OR=1.217,95% CI:1.012-1.463).When maternal age was divided in two different subgroups and the cholesterol intake level was ≥76.50 mg/d both in the period of one year prior to pregnancy or at the second trimester,the risk of GDM appeared in the subgroup of <35 years old (OR=1.336,95%CI:1.083-1.647;OR=1.341,95%CI:1.087-1.654).However,no significant association was found in the maternal age group of ≥35 years old.Conclusion High level of dietary cholesterol intake would increase the risk of GDM,both in the period of one year prior to and at the second trimester of pregnancy.

6.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 631-635, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736546

ABSTRACT

Objective To estimate the prevalence of HIV/HCV co-infection and explore the influence factors and their interaction on HIV/HCV co-infection of patient's access to methadone maintenance treatment (MMT).Methods A face to face interviews were conducted among 750 patients at two MMT clinics in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.The questionnaires information included demographic characteristics,HIV and HCV infection status,history of drug abuse,urine test for morphine,high risk sex behaviors,needle sharing,dropped out etc.Methods of x2 test one-way,multivariate logistic regression and interactions were used to analyze the related factors of HIV/HCV co-infection.Results The study subjects included 750 participants,18.31% (127/691) of patients were co-infected with HIV and HCV.The HIV/HCV co-infection rate in patients who shared needles with others or dropped out of treatment was 35.84% (81/226) and 19.88% (64/322) respectively,which were higher than those who have never shared needles or dropped out (9.89%,46/465 and 17.07%,63/369).Logistic regression analysis results showed that after adjusted for confounding factors,patients who shared needles (OR=4.50,95%CI:2.72-7.43) and dropped out of treatment (OR=1.71,95%CI:1.04-2.80) were more likely to be infected with HIV/HCV.Interaction analysis showed that sharing needles and dropping out of treatment exist additive effect on co-infection of HIV and HCV (RERI=4.21,AP=0.44,SI=1.95).Conclusions Needle sharing and dropping out of treatment are associated with HIV/HCV co-infection.Health education,psychological counseling and other measures should be taken to reduce needle sharing and dropping out of MMT.

7.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1624-1628, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737886

ABSTRACT

Objective To reveal the prevalence and the related factors of hepatitis B (HepB) virus infection among HIV/AIDS patients.Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study in two HIV clinics,affiliated to local Centers of Disease Control and Prevention in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Regional.A face-to-face interview,with questionnaire was conducted to collect information on socio-demographic characteristics,drug use,and sexual behavior.Blood samples were used to test HBsAg.x2 test or Fisher's exact test and unconditional logistic regression models were used to identify the influencing factors.Results The prevalence of HBV and HIV co-infection was 13.85% (113/816).Results from multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that age (25-45),family history of HBV and history of HepB vaccination were independent influencing factors for HBV and HIV coinfection,with OR (95% CI) as 1.738 (1.031-2.931),2.898 (1.678-5.005) and 1.744 (1.052-2.892),respectively.Conclusion The prevalence of HBV among HIV/AIDS patients was significantly higher than that in general population.HIV/AIDS patients aged between 25 and 45 and with family history of HBV were more likely to be infected with HBV,while HepB vaccination was associated with the reduction of HIV/HBV coinfection.Specific comprehensive prevention and treatment programs on HIV/AIDS patients need to be set up.

8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1263-1268, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737816

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association between periconceptional folic acid supplementation and small for gestational age (SGA) birth based on maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and provide evidence for the development of comprehensive prevention programs on SGA birth.Methods Between March,2012 and September,2016,a total of 8 523 pregnant women delivering in the First Affiliated Hospital of Shanxi Medical University were surveyed to collect the information about their demographic characteristics,folic acid supplementation before and during pregnancy and about their infants.Among their infants,1 066 were small for gestational age (case group),7 457 were appropriate for gestational age (AGA) (control group).Unconditional logistic regression model was used to evaluate the association between periconceptional folic acid supplementation and SGA birth in the context of different pre-pregnancy BMI.Results The overall incidence of SGA birth was 12.51% (1 066/8 523).After adjusting the confounding factors,prepregnancy BMI< 18.5 kg/m2 was a risk factor for SGA birth (OR=1.22,95% CI:1.01-1.47),prepregnancy BMI≥24.0 kg/m2 was associated with a reduced risk of SGA birth (OR=0.81,95%CI:0.68-0.97).After adjusting confounding factors,periconceptional folic acid supplementation was a protective factor for SGA birth (OR=0.82,95%CI:0.68-0.98).After stratified by pre-pregnancy BMI,periconceptional folic acid supplementation was associated with the reduced risk of SGA birth in overweight group (24.0 kg/m2≤BMI<28.0 kg/m2) with OR of 0.55 (95%CI:0.36-0.85).No significant association was observed in other groups.When examined by folic acid supplement type,periconceptional single folic acid supplementation (400 μg per tablet) was a protective factor for SGA birth (OR=0.82,95% CI:0.69-0.99).After stratified by pre-pregnancy BMI,periconceptional single folic acid supplementation (400 μg per tablet) was associated with the reduced risk of SGA birth in overweight groups (OR =0.56,95 % CI:0.36-0.86).No association was observed between periconceptional folic acid containing multivitamin supplementation and SGA birth.Conclusions Periconceptional folic acid supplementation (400 μg) was associated with reduced risk of SGA birth in women with prepregnancy BMI≥24.0 kg/m2 and <28.0 kg/m2.No association between folic acid supplementation and SGA was observed in other groups.This study suggests that pre-pregnancy BMI might modify the influence of folic acid supplementation on the risk of SGA birth.

9.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 646-650, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737700

ABSTRACT

Objective To estimate the incidence of drop out of treatment in patients with access to methadone maintenance treatment and explore the correlation and interaction between insufficient methadone dosage and morphine positive urine on the drop out in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.Methods Face to face interview was conducted in 1 031 patients at 3 methadone maintenance treatment clinics in Guangxi.Results The study included 1 031 participants,40.6% of them (419/1 031) had stopped treatment.The drop out rates in urine morphine positive group and methadone dosage < 100 mg/d group were 57.6% (99/172) and 37.4% (347/929) respectively,higher than those in urine morphine negative group and methadone dosage ≥ 100 mg/d group (42.3%,363/ 859,and 26.5%,27/102).Orderly logistic regression analysis results showed that after adjusted factors,such as gender,age,marital status,ethnic group,patients who received a dosage less than 1 00 mg/day (OR=3.05,95%CI:1.84-5.06) and had morphine positive urine (OR=2.25,95%CI:1.59-3.19) were more likely to drop out of the treatment.Interaction analysis showed that dosage less than 100 mg/d and morphine positive urine during treatment had additive interaction (RERI=256.46,AP=0.87,S=8.05) and multiplication interaction (OR=2.45,95%CI:1.71-3.49).Conclusion Insufficient dosage and morphine positive urine were significantly correlated with drop out of treatment in patients with access to methadone maintenance treatment.

10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1624-1628, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736418

ABSTRACT

Objective To reveal the prevalence and the related factors of hepatitis B (HepB) virus infection among HIV/AIDS patients.Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study in two HIV clinics,affiliated to local Centers of Disease Control and Prevention in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Regional.A face-to-face interview,with questionnaire was conducted to collect information on socio-demographic characteristics,drug use,and sexual behavior.Blood samples were used to test HBsAg.x2 test or Fisher's exact test and unconditional logistic regression models were used to identify the influencing factors.Results The prevalence of HBV and HIV co-infection was 13.85% (113/816).Results from multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that age (25-45),family history of HBV and history of HepB vaccination were independent influencing factors for HBV and HIV coinfection,with OR (95% CI) as 1.738 (1.031-2.931),2.898 (1.678-5.005) and 1.744 (1.052-2.892),respectively.Conclusion The prevalence of HBV among HIV/AIDS patients was significantly higher than that in general population.HIV/AIDS patients aged between 25 and 45 and with family history of HBV were more likely to be infected with HBV,while HepB vaccination was associated with the reduction of HIV/HBV coinfection.Specific comprehensive prevention and treatment programs on HIV/AIDS patients need to be set up.

11.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1263-1268, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736348

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association between periconceptional folic acid supplementation and small for gestational age (SGA) birth based on maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and provide evidence for the development of comprehensive prevention programs on SGA birth.Methods Between March,2012 and September,2016,a total of 8 523 pregnant women delivering in the First Affiliated Hospital of Shanxi Medical University were surveyed to collect the information about their demographic characteristics,folic acid supplementation before and during pregnancy and about their infants.Among their infants,1 066 were small for gestational age (case group),7 457 were appropriate for gestational age (AGA) (control group).Unconditional logistic regression model was used to evaluate the association between periconceptional folic acid supplementation and SGA birth in the context of different pre-pregnancy BMI.Results The overall incidence of SGA birth was 12.51% (1 066/8 523).After adjusting the confounding factors,prepregnancy BMI< 18.5 kg/m2 was a risk factor for SGA birth (OR=1.22,95% CI:1.01-1.47),prepregnancy BMI≥24.0 kg/m2 was associated with a reduced risk of SGA birth (OR=0.81,95%CI:0.68-0.97).After adjusting confounding factors,periconceptional folic acid supplementation was a protective factor for SGA birth (OR=0.82,95%CI:0.68-0.98).After stratified by pre-pregnancy BMI,periconceptional folic acid supplementation was associated with the reduced risk of SGA birth in overweight group (24.0 kg/m2≤BMI<28.0 kg/m2) with OR of 0.55 (95%CI:0.36-0.85).No significant association was observed in other groups.When examined by folic acid supplement type,periconceptional single folic acid supplementation (400 μg per tablet) was a protective factor for SGA birth (OR=0.82,95% CI:0.69-0.99).After stratified by pre-pregnancy BMI,periconceptional single folic acid supplementation (400 μg per tablet) was associated with the reduced risk of SGA birth in overweight groups (OR =0.56,95 % CI:0.36-0.86).No association was observed between periconceptional folic acid containing multivitamin supplementation and SGA birth.Conclusions Periconceptional folic acid supplementation (400 μg) was associated with reduced risk of SGA birth in women with prepregnancy BMI≥24.0 kg/m2 and <28.0 kg/m2.No association between folic acid supplementation and SGA was observed in other groups.This study suggests that pre-pregnancy BMI might modify the influence of folic acid supplementation on the risk of SGA birth.

12.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 646-650, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736232

ABSTRACT

Objective To estimate the incidence of drop out of treatment in patients with access to methadone maintenance treatment and explore the correlation and interaction between insufficient methadone dosage and morphine positive urine on the drop out in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.Methods Face to face interview was conducted in 1 031 patients at 3 methadone maintenance treatment clinics in Guangxi.Results The study included 1 031 participants,40.6% of them (419/1 031) had stopped treatment.The drop out rates in urine morphine positive group and methadone dosage < 100 mg/d group were 57.6% (99/172) and 37.4% (347/929) respectively,higher than those in urine morphine negative group and methadone dosage ≥ 100 mg/d group (42.3%,363/ 859,and 26.5%,27/102).Orderly logistic regression analysis results showed that after adjusted factors,such as gender,age,marital status,ethnic group,patients who received a dosage less than 1 00 mg/day (OR=3.05,95%CI:1.84-5.06) and had morphine positive urine (OR=2.25,95%CI:1.59-3.19) were more likely to drop out of the treatment.Interaction analysis showed that dosage less than 100 mg/d and morphine positive urine during treatment had additive interaction (RERI=256.46,AP=0.87,S=8.05) and multiplication interaction (OR=2.45,95%CI:1.71-3.49).Conclusion Insufficient dosage and morphine positive urine were significantly correlated with drop out of treatment in patients with access to methadone maintenance treatment.

13.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 572-577, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237496

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the association between ambient fine particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 μm (PM2.5) and the risk on preterm birth.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 1 882 pregnant women with local residency of Taiyuan city and underwent delivery at the First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University with the dates of conception between January 1 and December 31, 2013, were enrolled in the study. Information on general demographics, home address and history on pregnancy, lifestyle and related environmental factors were collected through in-person interview. Birth outcomes and maternal complications were abstracted from medical records. Data on the amount of daily average PM2.5 from 8 monitor points in Taiyuan city, between March 1, 2012 and December 31, 2013 were also collected. Individual exposure during pregnancy were calculated using the inverse-distance weighting method, based on home address. Multivariate unconditional logistic regression model was used to examine the associations among PM2.5 exposure, risk of preterm birth and related clinical subtypes.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The overall incidence of preterm birth was 8.21% (151/1 839)in 1 839 pregnant women. Exposure to ambient PM2.5 during the second week prior to delivery was associated with an increased risk of preterm birth (OR=1.087, 95% CI: 1.001-1.182 per 10 μg/m(3) increase) and mild preterm birth (OR=1.099, 95% CI: 1.007-1.200 per 10 μg/m(3)). Compared to data from the China Environmental Air Quality Standard, higher level of exposure (≥75 μg/m(3)) of PM2.5 during the second week before delivery was associated with an increased risk of preterm birth (OR=1.008, 95%CI: 1.000-1.017) but the association was mainly seen for mild preterm birth (OR=1.010, 95%CI: 1.001-1.018).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>RESULTS from our study showed that exposure to high level of PM2.5 during late pregnancy would increase the risk of preterm birth. Future large studies are needed to examine the association by preterm clinical subtypes and to elucidate potential underlying mechanisms.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Epidemiology , Environmental Exposure , Female , Humans , Incidence , Infant, Newborn , Logistic Models , Maternal Exposure , Particle Size , Particulate Matter , Toxicity , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications , Premature Birth , Epidemiology , Public Health
14.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 510-514, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-240062

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To understand the current status of HBV infection among patients receiving maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) and related influencing factors.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A questionnaire survey was conducted among 1,524 MHD patients selected from hemodialysis units in 16 hospitals in Shanxi province from 1 November 2012 to 30 December 2014 to collect their demographic information and learn about their risk behaviors. Serological detection was conducted for them. Statistical software package SAS 9.3 was used for fitting a two level logistic regression model to identify the independent risk factors for HBV infection.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 1 524 MHD patients, the positive rate of HBsAg was 5.25% and the HBV infection rate was 38.85%. The HBV infection rate varied with hospital (t=2.33, P=0.034). The two-level logistic regression empty model showed that intra-class correlation coefficient was 0.106 4, indicating that about 10.64% of the total variation was caused by the differences in hospitals. After introducing explaining variables, the results showed that the HBV infection rate in age group 50-65 years group was higher than that in age group 0-35 years (OR=1.560, 95% CI: 1.061-2.293). Family history of HBV infection and dental surgery were the risk factors for HBV infection (OR=2.052 and 1.267, 95% CI: 1.176-3.582 and 1.009-1.591). Receiving HepB vaccination was a protective factor for HBV infection (OR=0.734, 95% CI: 0.541-0.996).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The HBV infection rates were different among MHD patients in different hospitals. Old age (50-65 years), family history of HBV infection and dental surgery were the risk factors and receiving HepB vaccination was a protective factor for HBV infection among MHD patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , China , Epidemiology , Hepatitis B , Epidemiology , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Blood , Humans , Middle Aged , Models, Statistical , Multilevel Analysis , Renal Dialysis , Risk Factors
15.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 644-648, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302110

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the relationship between maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index, weight gain during pregnancy and small for gestational age (SGA) birth so as to provide evidence for the development of comprehensive prevention programs on SGA birth.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between March, 2012 and July, 2014, 4 754 pregnant women were asked to fill in the questionnaires which were collected from the First Affiliated Hospital of Shanxi Medical University. Data related to general demographic characteristics, pregnancy and health status of those pregnant women was collected and maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index and maternal weight gain were calculated. Subjects were divided into different groups before the effect of maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index and weight gain during pregnancy on SGA birth were estimated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The overall incidence of SGA birth was 9.26% (440/4 754). Proportions of SGA birth from pre-pregnant, underweight group, normal weight group, overweight and obese groups were 9.85%, 8.54% and 9.45%, respectively. Results from multi-factor logistic regression analyses showed that after adjusting the confounding factors as age, history on pregnancies etc., women with high pre-pregnancy BMI showed a lower incidence of SGA than those under normal pre-pregnancy BMI (OR = 0.714, 95% CI: 0.535-0.953). Different weight gains during pregnancy were statistically significant (χ(2) = 8.811, P = 0.012). Incidence of SGA birth that was below the recommended range in the 2009 Institute of Medicine Guidelines (12.20%) was higher than those within (9.23%) or beyond (8.45%) the recommended range. Results from the multi-factor logistic regression analyses showed that, after adjusting the confounding factors as age, pregnancy history etc., factor as weight gain below the recommended level could increase the risk of SGA (OR = 1.999, 95% CI: 1.487-2.685). In the underweight, normal weight, overweight or obese groups, with weight gain during pregnancy below the range, the incidence of SGA showed an increase (OR = 2.558, 95% CI: 1.313-4.981, OR = 1.804, 95% CI: 1.258-2.587, OR = 3.108, 95% CI: 1.237-7.811). There was no interaction of addictive or multiplicative models between these two factors under 'interaction analysis'.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Women with high pre-pregnancy BMI presented a lower incidence of SGA than those within the normal range. Insufficient weight gain during pregnancy could increase the risk of SGA delivery. These findings called for attention to be paid to the gestational weight gain, in order to decrease the risk of SGA.</p>


Subject(s)
Body Mass Index , China , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Incidence , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Small for Gestational Age , Obesity , Epidemiology , Overweight , Epidemiology , Pregnancy , Risk Factors , Thinness , Epidemiology , Weight Gain
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389696

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the relationships between serum hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA level in chronic HBV infected mothers, free maternal DNA in newborns' peripheral blood and HBV infection of newborns. Methods Free maternal DNA in newborns' peripheral blood was amplified by allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (As-PCR) and heminested polymerase chain reaction (heminPCR). Serum HBV DNA of pregnant women were detected by fluorescence quantitative real-time PCR. The relationships between mothers' serum HBV DNA level, mother-to-fetus DNA transfer and newborns HBV infection were analyzed by SPSS 13. 0 software. Results Thirty-six pairs of motherfetus informative cases were selected and free maternal DNA in the peripheral blood was detected in 26newborns (72. 2%). Statistical analysis indicated that mother-to-fetus DNA transfer was not related with HBsAg, HBV DNA DOsitive in newborns (Fisher exact Drobabilities were 0. 278 and 1.000,respectively; both P > 0. 05), while it was related with HBV infection in the peripheral bloodmononuclear cell (PBMC) of newborns (Fisher exact probability was 0. 026, P<0. 05). Freematernal DNA transfer was not related with mother HBV DNA level (X2 = 2. 097, P>0. 05). Therisk of HBV DNA positive in newborns increased with mother serum HBV DNA increasing ( total X= 62. 21, P<0. 05; tendency X2 =58. 46, P<0. 05). There was no relationship between motherserum HBV DNA level and PBMC HBV DNA positive in newborns (total X2 =4. 82, P>0. 05).Conclusions DNA transfer from HBV infected mother to fetus is related with PBMC HBV infection innewborns, which could be a risk factor of HBV infection in newborns. The risk of serum HBV DNApositive in newborns increases with mother serum HBV DNA level increasing.

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