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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865438

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.Methods The clinical data of 117 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus from January 2016 to June 2017 in Anhui No.2 Provincial People's Hospital were analyzed retrospectively.According to the eGFR level,the patients were divided into 3 groups:eGFR ≥ 90 ml/(min· 1.73 m2) in 68 cases (DM0 group),eGFR 60 to 89 ml/(min· 1.73 m2) in 33 cases (DM1 group),and eGFR < 60 ml/(min· 1.73 m2) in 16 cases (DM2 group).In addition,30 healthy people in the same period were selected as control group (NC group),eGFR ≥ 90 ml/(min · 1.73 m2).The systolic blood pressure,diastolic blood pressure,blood routine,glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c),total cholesterol (TC),high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C),urea nitrogen,creatinine and uric acid were recorded;and the NLR was calculated.The influencing factors of eGFR in patients with type 2 diabetic mellitus were analyzed,and the relationship between NLR and eGFR was evaluated.Results Compared with that in NC group and DM0 group,the eGFR in DM1 group and DM2 group was significantly lower:(75.12 ± 8.14) and (46.31 ± 13.25) ml/(min· 1.73 m2) vs.(114.17 ± 12.21) and (113.21 ± 12.04) ml/(min· 1.73 m2),the NLR was significantly higher:2.50 ± 1.16 and 2.75 ± 1.39 vs.1.53 ± 0.22 and 1.83 ± 0.65,and there were statistical differences (P < 0.05).Compared with that in DM1 group,the eGFR in DM2 group was significantly lower,the NLR was significantly higher,and there were statistical differences (P < 0.05).There were no statistical differences in NLR and eGFR between DM0 group and NC group (P > 0.05).Correlation analysis result showed that NLR,age,course of disease,systolic blood pressure,TC,HDL-C,urea nitrogen,creatinine and uric acid were negatively correlated with eGFR (r =-0.415,-0.555,-0.491,-0.432,-0.259,-0.237,-0.584,-0.840 and-0.261;P < 0.05);gender,diastolic pressure,HbA1c,TG and LDL-C were not correlated with eGFR (P > 0.05).Multiple linear regression analysis result showed that NLR,age,TC,creatinine and systolic blood pressure were independent risk factors of eGFR in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (P < 0.01 or <0.05).Conclusions There is a close relationship between the increase of NLR and the decrease of eGFR in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.Monitoring NLR is helpful to understand the changes of eGFR in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799153

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship between neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.@*Methods@#The clinical data of 117 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus from January 2016 to June 2017 in Anhui No.2 Provincial People′s Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. According to the eGFR level, the patients were divided into 3 groups: eGFR ≥ 90 ml/(min·1.73 m2) in 68 cases (DM0 group), eGFR 60 to 89 ml/(min·1.73 m2) in 33 cases (DM1 group), and eGFR<60 ml/(min·1.73 m2) in 16 cases (DM2 group). In addition, 30 healthy people in the same period were selected as control group (NC group), eGFR ≥ 90 ml/(min·1.73 m2). The systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, blood routine, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), urea nitrogen, creatinine and uric acid were recorded; and the NLR was calculated. The influencing factors of eGFR in patients with type 2 diabetic mellitus were analyzed, and the relationship between NLR and eGFR was evaluated.@*Results@#Compared with that in NC group and DM0 group, the eGFR in DM1 group and DM2 group was significantly lower: (75.12 ± 8.14) and (46.31 ± 13.25) ml/(min·1.73 m2) vs. (114.17 ± 12.21) and (113.21 ± 12.04) ml/(min·1.73 m2), the NLR was significantly higher: 2.50 ± 1.16 and 2.75 ± 1.39 vs. 1.53 ± 0.22 and 1.83 ± 0.65, and there were statistical differences (P<0.05). Compared with that in DM1 group, the eGFR in DM2 group was significantly lower, the NLR was significantly higher, and there were statistical differences (P<0.05). There were no statistical differences in NLR and eGFR between DM0 group and NC group (P>0.05). Correlation analysis result showed that NLR, age, course of disease, systolic blood pressure, TC, HDL-C, urea nitrogen, creatinine and uric acid were negatively correlated with eGFR (r=-0.415, -0.555, -0.491, -0.432, -0.259, -0.237, -0.584, -0.840 and -0.261; P < 0.05); gender, diastolic pressure, HbA1c, TG and LDL-C were not correlated with eGFR (P > 0.05). Multiple linear regression analysis result showed that NLR, age, TC, creatinine and systolic blood pressure were independent risk factors of eGFR in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (P<0.01 or < 0.05).@*Conclusions@#There is a close relationship between the increase of NLR and the decrease of eGFR in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Monitoring NLR is helpful to understand the changes of eGFR in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 381-389, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690901

ABSTRACT

Raman imaging yields high specificity and sensitivity when compared to other imaging modalities, mainly due to its fingerprint signature. However, intrinsic Raman signals are weak, thus limiting medical applications of Raman imaging. By adsorbing Raman molecules onto specific nanostructures such as noble metals, Raman signals can be significantly enhanced, termed surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). Recent years have witnessed great interest in the development of SERS nanoprobes for Raman imaging. Rationally designed SERS nanoprobes have greatly enhanced Raman signals by several orders of magnitude, thus showing great potential for biomedical applications. In this review we elaborate on recent progress in design strategies with emphasis on material properties, modifying factors, and structural parameters.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621041

ABSTRACT

Important/potential value of macrolides has been proved in the management of chronic respiratory diseases by increasing basic and clinical trials.Through three face-to-face discussions,10 experts examined important data and drafted this consensus related to macrolides:(1) mechanism of nonantiinfective effects;(2) clinical use in chronic respiratory diseases;(3) cautions of long-term use.The mechanism out of non-antiinfective effects includes anti-inflammatory effect,modifying airway secretion,immune-regulation related to antibacterial effect,corticoid saving effect and anti-viral effect.The efficacy of long-term use of low-dose macrolides is definitely confirmed in diffuse panbronchiolitis,chronic rhinosinusitis.It is considerably used in bronchiectasia,cystic fibrosis,severe asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.Further studies should be conducted in cryptogenic organizing pneumonia and respiratory viral infection.It should be paid attention to its possible adverse effects (including drug interactions,cardiac toxicity,ototoxicity and disturbance of intestinal flora) and drug resistance in long-term use.A Chinese consensus for non-antiinfective effects and clinical use of macrolides is developed for the first time,which aims to expand their rational use and the further research.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609805

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the relationship between bronchial asthma and smoking status in Chinese people.Methods Asthma epidemiological survey and stratified-cluster-random method survey were performed in residents over 14 years in 8 provinces (cities) of China from February 2010 to August 2012.Asthma was diagnosed based upon case history,clinical signs and lung function test.Smoking status was investigated by questionnaire.Results Sampling population was 180 099 and 164 215 were valid.A total of 2 034 subjects were diagnosed as asthma including 79 692 men and 84 523 women.The overall prevalence rate of asthma was 1.24% (2 034/164 215).Smokers were 23.8% (39 137/164 215) in the whole population.Smokers were 34.5% (702/2 034) in asthmatic patients,compared with 23.7% (38 435/ 162 181) in no-asthmatic population.The incidence of asthma was 1.79% and 1.06% in smokers and nonsmokers respectively (P <0.001),suggesting that OR of smoking was 1.70 (95% CI 1.55-1.86,P < 0.001).According to asthma control test (ACT) score,the level of asthma control in non smoking group was higher than that in smoking group(43.2% vs 35.3%).The times of hospitalization due to acute exacerbations (0.51 vs 0.41 events/person/year),total hospitalization rate (27.35 % vs 20.12%),annual emergency room visits (0.80 vs 0.60 events/person/year) and emergency room visit rate (31.77% vs 24.47%) were all much higher in smoking asthmatic patients than those in non smoking asthmatic patients,indicating that the level of asthma control in smoking patients was significantly worse than in non smoking patients.Conclusions The smoking rate in Chinese people over 14 years is still high.The prevalence rate of asthma in smokers is significantly higher than that of non-smokers.The level of asthma control in smokers is significantly worse than that in non smokers.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808076

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects on human peripheral blood erythrocytes of long-term occupational contact with chromate.@*Methods@#A dynamic cohort study was conducted of chromate-exposed workers (343 cases) and non-chromate-exposed workers (73 cases) at a chromate production enterprise who were selected according to specific inclusion and exclusion criteria from 2010 to 2015. Personal information and chromate exposure information were obtained by questionnaire. A generalized estimating equation was employed to analyze the effects on human peripheral blood erythrocytes of long-term occupational contact with chromate, controlling for age, gender, smoking, alcohol consumption and body mass index.@*Results@#The mean ages and working ages of those entering the cohort study were 36.67 ±6.78 and 38.47 ± 7.18, respectively, for the exposure group and 8.39 ± 6.02 and 12.86 ± 8.34, respectively, for the control group. The erythrocyte content [(4.73±0.46), (4.81±0.53), (4.41±0.45)]×1012/L in the peripheral blood in the chromate exposure group was lower than that [(4.76±0.42), (4.95±0.45), (4.47±0.39)]×1012/L in the control group for the years 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2014 (t values were 0.38, 1.96, 0.92 and 1.21; P values were 0.703, 0.051, 0.358 and 0.227, respectively). The correlations between the years 2010 and 2011, 2011 and 2012, 2012 and 2014, and 2014 and 2015 were 0.667, 0.464,-0.070 and 0.020, respectively (P<0.001). The RR for males and those that consumed alcohol were 0.661 (95% CI: 0.616-0.709) and 0.910 (95% CI: 0.811- 1.201), respectively. Compared with the control group, the risk of reduced erythrocyte levels in the peripheral blood was increased by 0.915 (95% CI: 0.852- 0.982) in the chromate-exposed group.@*Conclusions@#The erythrocyte content of peripheral blood was reduced after long-term exposure to chromate. Maleness and alcohol consumption were factors that increased the risk of reduced peripheral blood erythrocytes in the chromate-exposed population.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-670324

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of bone-marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) via artery transplantation on behavior changes after ischemic brain injury in mice.Methods 60 mice (C57BL/6) were divided randomly into sham group,brain ischemia group (MCAO group) and stem cell therapy group (BMSC group).The latter two groups were injected respectively with 200 μl PBS or BMSC suspension into common carotid arteries namely when removal suture after middle cerebral artery occlusion model,while sham group was only isolated carotid artery.Infarct size of brain tissue was measured by TTC staining.Focal deficit score,Morris water maze test,the rotating beam test and Rotarod test were resepectively made to evaluate the animal behavior after injury.Results Adequate amounts of BMSCs were harvested by adherence screening method and subculture.Ischemic area of BMSC group ((34.98±12.49) %) was significantly smaller than that of MCAO group ((42.36±9.41)%) at 2nd day after injury (P<0.05).Compared with MCAO group,focal deficit score of BMSC group reduced significantly at 3rd day after injury,and got to the most significant differences at 5th day after injury (P<0.01);escape latency of BMSC group was significantly shortened at 7th day and 14th day after injury in Morris water maze test (P< 0.05),meanwhile time percentage,distance percentage in the target quadrant and the times corssing the platform were increased gradually after injury,and reached significant differences at 14th day after injury(P<0.05);exercise time in Rotarod runner increased at every time point after injury,and reached most significant differences at 14th day after injury(P<0.01);walking speed in the rotating beam test increased most significantly at 14th day after injury,meanwhile walking distance at 5th and 10th day after injury(P<0.01).Conclusion BMSC transplantation via carotid artery can significantly improve neural function,learning,balance and motor function after brain injury,which will be a new way of TBI therapy.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287963

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To provide preimplantation genetic diagnosis(PGD) for two couples carrying thalassemia mutations and chromosomal abnormalities.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Couple 1 were both carriers of β 41/42 thalassemia mutations, while the husband has carried a reciprocal translocation with a karyotype of 46,XY,inv(9)(p11;q13),t(11;22)(q25;q13). Couple 2 were both carriers of α (-SEA) thalassemia mutation. Their chromosome karyotypes were both normal, but had two spontaneous abortions. The couples had received 1 and 3 blastocysts respectively through in vitro fertilization(IVF) cycles. Following the biopsy, the cells underwent whole genome amplification, and the amplified DNA from each embryo was subjected to genetic testing and a 23-chromosome single nucleotide polymorphism(SNP) microarray assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The embryo of couple 1 was diagnosed as carrier of β 41/42 thalassemia with euploid chromosomes. The embryo was transferred and resulted in intrauterine pregnancy. Similarly, an embryo of couple 2 was verified as carrier of α (-SEA) thalassemia with euploid chromosomes.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PGD for aneuploidy coupled with testing for single gene disorders via trophectoderm biopsy and whole genome amplification is feasible. The approach can attain diagnosis with minimal damage with sound clinical outcome.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aneuploidy , Blastocyst , Cell Biology , Chromosome Aberrations , Embryo Transfer , Female , Fertilization in Vitro , Genetic Testing , Heterozygote , Humans , Male , Mutation , Pregnancy , Preimplantation Diagnosis , beta-Thalassemia , Diagnosis , Embryology , Genetics
9.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 376-380, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669690

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a new preparation process of PLGA microparticles for protein drugs by SPG membrane emulsifi-cation combined with W/O/W double emulsion-solvent technique. Methods:Lysozyme was used as the model drug to prepare the mi-croparticles. The influence of formula factors on the properties of the microparticles was studied, and the physicochemical properties, in vivo compatibility and degradation of the microparticles were investigated as well. Results:The drug loading of lysozyme-loaded mi-croparticles was 35%, the entrapment efficiency was 72. 43% and the average size was 63. 89 μm with PDI of 0. 675. DSC and FTIR showed that lysozyme was entrapped in the microparticles. The microspheres had promising biocompatibility and sustained degradation in vivo. Conclusion:The paper describes a new satisfactory preparation process of PLGA microparticles for protein drugs with good in vitro and in vivo properties.

10.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 255-257, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460534

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical factors on the functional recovery of spinal cord cavernous hemangioma operation. Methods Fifty cases patients with complete spinal cord cavernous hemangioma were retrospectively analyzed their clinical data and its influence on prognosis of 2 years. Single factor and multiple factors analysis were performed. Results Compared with the preoperative stage,the grade of Aminoff-Logue score of 28 cases(50. 9%)had improved at least one grade,14 cases(25. 5%)patients with no significant changes and 13 cases(23. 6%)with decreased one grade at least. Logistic regression model showed that patients with clinical types(OR=3. 27,95%CI 2. 34-15. 83,P=0. 006),the time of the attacks to the surgery(OR=2. 93,95%CI 1. 41-10. 61,P=0. 012),and the attacks to the operation time( OR=4. 31,95%CI 2. 46 -12. 32,P = 0. 019 ) were related to neurological function recovery of spinal cord cavernous hemangiomas. Conclusion For patients with SCH dysfunction,regardless of what kind of clinical types of neurological dysfunction extent,should receive surgical treatment to improve neurological function recovery rate as soon as possible.

11.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1245-1248, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469527

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of hyperbaric oxygen to reduce stress-induced gastric mucosal injury in rabbits with blast-related brain injury.Methods Posttraumatic stress ulcer in a rabbit model of blast-related brain injury was created using paper detonators.Ninety New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into normal control group (n =10),blast-related injury group (n =40) and hyperbaric oxygen treatment group (hyperbaric oxygen group,n =40) according to the random number table.Rabbits in blast-related injury group and hyperbaric oxygen group were subgrouped at 6 hours,24 hours,72 hours and 7 days postinjury,with 10 rabbits at each time point.Gastric mucosal injury was detected in aspects of ulcer index,TUNEL method for apoptotic index,and alcian blue-periodic acid-schiff (AB/PAS) staining and semi-quantitative analysis of pathological histology using.Results Neither stress ulcer nor apoptosis occurred in normal control group.At 6 hours,24 hours,72 hours and 7 days postinjury,index of gastric ulcer in blast-related injury group was 12.08 ± 1.02,25.56 ± 0.88,20.36 ±0.96 and 17.56 ± 1.12 respectively,far higher than 8.02 ±0.58,15.22 ± 1.05,12.39 ±0.65 and 9.22 ± 0.79 in hyperbaric oxygen group (P < 0.05) ; apoptotic index in blast-related injury group was 20.22 ± 1.56,27.56 ± 0.96,24.36 ± 1.23 and 16.38 ± 1.24,far higher than 10.78 ± 0.93,13.89 ±0.84,10.55 ± 1.58 and 8.56 ± 1.47 in hyperbaric oxygen group (P < 0.05).Thickness of AB/PAS-positive mucin layers showed marked attenuation even loss in blast-related injury group,but the loss was minor in hyperbaric oxygen group (P < 0.05).Conclusion Hyperbaric oxygen is effective to decrease the stress ulcer index and apoptosis index of gastric mucosa,increase the thickness of AB/PAS positive layer and lighten the gastric mucosal injury of rabbits with blast-related brain injury.

12.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 746-750, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272299

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the antitumor effect and toxicity of pegylated liposomal daunorubicin (PL-DNR) on leukemia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>PL-DNR was prepared by dry lipid hydration and remote loading, and its physicochemical indexes were analyzed. The inhibiting effect of PL-DNR on leukemia cells was observed in terms of in vitro cytotoxicity experiment. The therapeutic effect in vivo was assessed by tumor inhibition in leukemia L1210-bearing mice. Apoptosis in cardiomyocytes was detected using the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase mediated dUTP nick end labeling method (TUNEL staining).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The average diameter of PL-DNR was (110 ± 10)nm and the encapsulation efficiency was 94.21%. The in vitro cytotoxicity experiment showed that the inhibiting ability of PL-DNR in the treatment groups was continuously enhanced as the experiment proceeded. The in vivo pharmacodynamic experiment also indicated obvious tumor-inhibiting effect of PL-DNR. At the end of the experiment, the tumor volume of the PL-DNR group was (433.71 ± 234.77)mm(3), significantly smaller than that of (1 293.77 ± 381.26) mm(3) in the DNR group (P < 0.05). Moreover, the tumor weight of the PL-DNR group was (0.66 ± 0.29)g and that of the DNR group was (1.25 ± 0.43)g (P < 0.05). The myocardial toxicity experiment showed that the median apoptosis index of cardiomyocytes in the PL-DNR group was 13.83%, significantly lower than that of 42.67% in the DNR group (P < 0.05), indicating a lower toxicity of PL-DNR to the myocardium.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compared with the free DNR, PL-DNR can improve the therapeutic effect on leukemia and reduce the.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic , Therapeutic Uses , Apoptosis , Daunorubicin , Therapeutic Uses , Leukemia , Therapeutics , Mice
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-622011

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2)and matrix metalloproteinase-9(MMP-9) in MIA PaCa-2 cells blocked by AS-ODN cultured in hypoxia.Methods Heparanase(Hpa) expression of MIA PaCa-2 cells was blocked by AS-ODN and cultured in hypoxia.The expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 mRNA and proteins in cell lysate was evaluated by RT-PCR and Western blot respectively,and the enzymatic activities of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in supernatants were detected by gelatinase activity assay.Results Hypoxia stimulated mRNA and protein expression of MMP-9 in cultured MIA PaCa-2 cells and elevated at 6h,12 h(P <0.05)and 24 h(P < 0.01).When Hpa expression was inhibited by AS-ODN,the expression of MMP-9 mRNA and protein as well as the gelatinase activity in supernatant decreased dramatically at 12 h and 24 h,especially at 24h(P <0.01),however,no significant difference of MMP-2 expression and gelatinase activity was observed after AS-ODN transfection.(P > 0.05).Conclusion In hypoxia,MMP-9 expression,either mRNA or protein in cultured MIA PaCa-2 cells,increased gradually accompanied with elevated gelatinase activities.When the heparanase expression was inhibited,the MMP-9 mRNA and protein,as well as the gelatinase B activity in supernatant,were decreased dramatically at 12h and 24h,however,no significantly differences of MMP-2 expression and gelatinase A activity were observed after the AS-ODN transfection.

14.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 375-378, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-414231

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the regional cerebral metabolic changes in different episodes by magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) after explosive brain injury in rabbits. Methods Fortyfive New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into eight groups, ie, normal control group( 10 rabbits) and trauma group (35 rabbits). The explosive injury in trauma group was induced by explosion of 600 mg TNT equivalent of paper detonators at 6.5 cm above the rabbit brain. The rabbits in trauma group was divided into 1,6, 12, 24 hours, 3, 7, 14 days subgroups (6 rabbits per group). The survival rate was observed at different time points after explosive injury. The MRS was used to detect the regional cerebral metabolic changes including N-acetylaspartate (NAA)/creatine (Cr) ratio and choline(Cho)/Cr ratio as well as evolution of blast injuries over time. Results The rabbits survived for overseven days in the trauma groups, with typical brain contusion manifested by pathological and conventional MRI. Compared with the normal control group, the NAA/Cr ratio was markedly decreased at one hour after injury, slightly rose again at 24 hours and fell again after seven days. The Cho/Cr ratio was markedly increased at one hour after injury, slightly fell again at 12 hours and rose again at three days after injury.Conclusions MRS can manifest the regional cerebral metabolic changes of rabbits with explosive injury at different time points and hence provide a theoretical basis for understanding the local tissue changes and determining the type of tissue damage after blast injury.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-384844

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical curative effects of duloxetine combined with thioctic acid on diabetic painful peripheral neuropathy. Methods Sixty-two patients with diabetic painful peripheral neuropathy were divided into three groups by random digits table: group A(22 patients, duloxetine combined with thioctic acid group), group B (20 patients,duloxetine group) and group C (20 patients,thioctic acid group). The other treatments were same. All patients were treated for six weeks. The pain remission level and nerve conductive velocity were compared among three groups. Results The pain level in three groups was significantly alleviated after treatment (P < 0.01 ). The general effective rate was 86.4%(19/22),70.0% (14/20) and 50.0% (10/20) in group A,group B and group C,respectively (P < 0.05). Visual analogue scales (VAS) in group A was significantly lower than that in group B and group C from the second week after treatment (P < 0.05 ). Nerve conductive velocity was improved in both group A and group C after treatment (P<0.01),but there was no significant difference between two groups (P>0.05). In group B,compared with that before treatment,nerve conductive velocity had no significantly improved after treatment (P> 0.05). Conclusion Duloxetine combined with thioctic acid can enhance the clinical curative effects on diabetic painful peripheral neuropathy.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-404268

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate Nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) expression in tumor associated inflammation in patients with adamantinomatous craniopharyngima..Methods Fifty-four patients (31 male and 23 female) with craniopharyngioma from 3 to 66 years of age were recruited from May 2004 to March 2006.NF-κB and Osteopontin (OPN) expression in human craniopharyngiomas were detected using immunohistochemical staining.High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), a systemic marker of inflammation, was examined in patients' tumor hydatid fluid, cerebrospinal fluid and serum.Results NF-κB expression was significantly increased in the adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma.Spearman;s correlation analysis demonstrated that NF-κB expression was associated with OPN expression.The hs-CRP level was also increased in the tumor hydatid fluid (4.28±0.90 mg/mL), cerebrospinal fluid (0.035±0.006 mg/mL) and serum (1.72±0.54 mg/mL) in patients with adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma.Conclusions NF-kappa B is closely associated with tumor associated inflammation which further mediates adhesion of tumor to surrounding important structures in patients with adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-622104

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the regulation of heparanase expression by hypoxia and its correlation to the invasiveness of tumor cells. Methods BxPC-3 cells were cultured in hypoxia in vitro and the heparanase mRNA and protein expression were detected by reverse transcriptional polymerase reaction chains (RT-PCR) and western blot respectively. Matrigel invasion assay was used to observe the invasive abilities of tumor cells in hypoxia and in the status of heparanase was inhibited by antisense oligodeoxynucleotide (AS-ODN) targeting to the heparanase gene promoter. Results In normoxia, there was a relatively low level of heparanase mRNA and protein expression in cultured BxPC-3 cells. In hypoxia, heparanase expression, mRNA and protein which expressed consistently, were inhibited slightly at 3h and upregulated significantly at 6h, 12h, 24h and 48h. When the heparanase expression was inhibited by AS-ODN, the heparanase mRNA and protein maintained low in hypoxia, however, the nonsense oligodeoxynucleotide (NS-ODN) did not block upregulation of heparanase expression. In matrigel assay, after 48h incubation, number of BxPC-3 cells that penetrated the Matrigel-coated filter of transwell chamber was increased 96.2% in hypoxia (P<0.01), the Hpa AS-ODN (400 nmol/L) inhibited the invasive cells by 37.2% (P<0.05). Conclusions BxPC-3 cells invasion ability is enhanced by hypoxia through upregulation of heparanase mRNA and protein expression in BxPC-3 pancreatic cancer cell lines.

18.
China Pharmacy ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-521748

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the current situation and developing trend of the drugs for schizophrenia in Guangdong Province.METHODS:The defined daily dose(DDD)system for drug utilization recommended by WHO was adopted.The data of antipsychotic consumption in44hospitals of Guangdong Province during the period2000~2002were col?lected and analysed.RESULTS:The sum of money of consumption of antipsychotics for schizophrenia in Guangdong Province was increasing year by year,and the use of the first generation antipsychotics was declining year by year and the second was increasing.CONCLUSION:The second generation antipsychotics for schizophrenia with good therapeutic effect,less ARDs will occupy the market of antipsychotics.

19.
China Pharmacy ; (12)1991.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-523943

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the current situation and developing trend of the antidiabetics used in Guangdong re?gion.METHODS:The antidiabetics used in44hospitals in Guangdong region during the period2000~2003were analysed concerning the kinds of drug,sum of money for consumption and frequency of drug use.RESULTS:The sum of money for consumption of antidiabetics increased year by year so did its proportion in sum of money for consumption of total drug.Among them,consumption of insulin increased very quickly and oral antidiabetics assumed a tendency of increase as well.CONCLUSI_ ON:The variety of insulin is stable and new oral antidiabetics is going into market occasionally in this region,but frequency of use is primary to sulfonylurea,biguanides and glycosidase-inhibitors.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-550426

ABSTRACT

The effects of different vitamin E(VE) containing diets on lipid peroxi-dation and the degree of liver damage in rats were observed in the model of liver necrosis induced by galactosamine(D-GAL).The results were as follows: After 8 weeks, the basic levels of VE in plasma and liver tissue of the group fed VE-supplemented diet were significantly higher than that of the group fed normal VE diet, in the company with a significant lower basic plasma MDA level. At each time interval after D-GAL injection, the plasma and liver VE levels were found higher in the VE-supplemented group, and the content of GSH as well as the activities of SOD, GSH-Px, HPT were maintained satisfactorily while the MDA content and OCT, m-AST activities were very significantly lowered and the pathological changes of the liver were not so severe as compared with that in the normal VE diet group. It was noteworthy that the changes of almost all the parameters metioned above in the group fed VE-deficient diet went to an opposite direction to the VE-supplemented group. The results indicated that the VE-supplemented diet has a good liver protective effect, which may be established on the increased VE content and suppressed lipid peroxidation in the liver. VE-deficient diet could sharply reduce the VE content in the body and significantly intensify the susceptibility of liver to the harmful agents.

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