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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-361829


A 13-year-old girl with congenital mitral incompetence had undergone valvoplasty using the De Vega technique at age 5. The patient was referred by the pediatric department due to recurrence of mitral incompetence. Transesophageal echocardiography indicated regurgitation from A2 and P3, mild mitral leaflet tethering and left ventricular dilatation. Intraoperative findings showed valvular agenesis of the posterior leaflet around P3. No leaflet prolapse was observed at A2, but leaflet P2 had fallen to the left ventricular side compared with leaflet A2, thereby inducing regurgitation due to coaptation gap. In a procedure similar to folding plasty, leaflet P3 was folded down and sutured to the annulus extending up to the posteromedial commissure. This technique not only controlled regurgitation at P3 but also improved the coaptation between A2 and P2. Annuloplasty was conducted using a 28-mm Physio-ring. Folding plasty may be an effective surgical option for patients with congenital mitral incompetence because a broad valve orifice area can be maintained because there is no need for annular plication.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366650


Intercostal artery aneurysm is a rare disease, and is usually associated with aortic coarctation, trauma and infection. Until recently, diagnosis of the aneurysm had not been possible before rupture of aneurysm. However, recent advances in computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have made it possible to diagnose this lesion. A 68-year-old man was admitted with an abnormal shadow on chest X-ray film. A chest CT scan showed an aneurysm beside the descending aorta, suggestive of intercostal artery aneurysm. Intraoperative inspection confirmed the diagnosis. The aneurysm was shown to be atherosclerotic in origin by postoperative histological examination.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366629


A 74-year-old man had an inflammatory pseudoaneurysm of the ascending aorta. He was admitted to a local hospital because of loss of appetite. Following intravenous hyperalimentation, he was placed under ventilatory support because of acute respiratory failure. Since his high fever and respiratory failure continued, he was transferred to our hospital. Computed tomography revealed a sealed rupture of an aneurysm in the ascending aorta. During the operation, we identified the ascending aortic aneurysm but it was very tightly attached to the surrounding wall in the perianeurysmal space. To avoid excessive hemorrhage, we closed the communication between the aneurysm and the aorta with a Dacron graft patch under deep hypothermia with circulatory arrest. He was discharged 42 days after operation without any complications. A pathological evaluation of the aneurysmal wall revealed an inflammatory pseudoaneurysm with a thick and inflammatory infiltration in the adventitia.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366246


A 2-year-old boy was admitted to our service with a diagnosis of double-outlet right ventricle (DORV) complicated by mitral valve stenosis. On echocardiographic measurement, the mitral annulus was 11mm (69% of normal) in diameter and 1.67cm<sup>2</sup>/m<sup>2</sup> in annular area. He underwent intraventricular tunnel repair and patch reconstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract under cardiopulmonary bypass. No attempt was made to operate on the mitral valve. DORV with mitral stenosis is a rare cardiac anomaly, the last 20 years only 21 cases have been reported, of which only 4 were cases with hypoplastic mitral rings. Although the patient made an uneventful recovery and remains well 5 months after surgery, a close observation is required for the mitral valve stenosis.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366150


Among 232 patients undergoing repair for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) during a 10-year period, 5 (2.2%) patients had evidence of inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysms (IAAA). We examined their clinical course, laboratory, operative and histopathological findings, and considered possible correlations between their diagnosis and surgical treatment. Among these cases of IAAA, 2 patients complained of severe abdominal or back pain. The differential diagnosis from rupture of AAA was difficult in these cases. They also showed inflammatory signs in laboratory, operative and histopathological findings. Ultrasonography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging appear to offer reliable means for diagnosing IAAA; In particular we could recognize the“Inflammatory mantle”in 3 cases, which indicated IAAA. In the surgical treatment, the presence of IAAA necessitates certain modifications in the surgical approach, in order to avoid injuring the retroperitoneal and abdominal structures. We could observe post-operative change in the thickness of the aortic wall, which decreases with time without anti-inflammatory agents.