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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924585


A 51-year-old man presented to our hospital with general fatigue and lower extremity edema due to right heart failure with severe coagulation disorder. He had undergone ascending aortic and total arch replacement for type A acute aortic dissection when he was 49 years old and had diagnosed with anastomotic pseudoaneurysm in the ascending aorta by computed tomography 1 year after the operation. Preoperative computed tomography showed an enlargement of the pseudoaneurysm. Since re-median sternotomy seemed to be high risk strategy for bleeding due to severe coagulation disorder, we decided to perform ascending aortic replacement through right thoracotomy. We opened the pseudoaneurysm and found an aorto-right atrium fistula. Redo ascending aortic replacement with direct closure of the fistula was successfully performed. The postoperative course was uneventful.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758253


Retrograde type A aortic dissection (RTAD) following thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) is a lethal complication. A 54-year-old woman with bovine aortic arch presented with dilatation of the descending aorta due to chronic type B aortic dissection. She underwent TEVAR in zone 2 for closure of the entry site just below the origin of the left subclavian artery. On the day after TEAVR, she showed right hemiparesis, and was diagnosed with cerebral infarction on MRI and RTAD on CT. She underwent an emergent operation. The entry was at the proximal end of the bovine trunk, where the edge of the bare stent stuck out. We performed partial arch replacement with entry resection. Her postoperative course was uneventful. She was transferred to another hospital for rehabilitation 37 days after the surgery.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-378640


<p>A 42 year-old woman with Marfan syndrome, who had replacement of the ascending aorta for acute aortic dissection several years ago, was found to have distal aortic arch aneurysm. The aneurysm had small entries at cervical arterial branches and large re-entry at the left external iliac artery. It was necessary to perform two-staged operation Bentall procedure with total arch replacement and abdominal aortic replacement with re-entry closure. It was usually performed with a primary entry closure for chronic aortic dissection, but massive invasion was expected. We performed catheter angiography for entry and re-entry, and decided to perform preceding re-entry closure. First, we underwent replacement of the abdominal aorta, and then successfully performed the Bentall procedure with total aortic arch replacement. The catheter angiography was useful for decision-making for medical treatment.</p>

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-362076


We report a rare case of vasculo-Behçet's disease complicated by an intracardiac thrombus. A 48-year-old woman with a history of Behçet's disease and deep vein thrombosis in a lower limb, and who had been treated with colchicine and warfarin, was given a diagnosis of an appendectal tumor by colonoscopy. Preoperative examinations, including chest computed tomography, showed a pedunculated mobile tumor from her inferior <i>vena cava</i> (IVC) to the right atrium (RA). Urgent surgery was performed to prevent pulmonary embolism. We exposed the RA through a median sternotomy under cardiopulmonary bypass and extirpated the tumor that appeared macroscopically to be an organized thrombus attached to the IVC wall. The pathological diagnosis was organized thrombus. A month later, she underwent ileocecal resection and was given a pathological diagnosis of mucinous cystadenoma. Her postoperative course was uneventful. Intracardiac thrombus complicated by vasculo-Behçet's disease is rare, and it is important in the differential diagnosis of intracardiac tumor.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-367174


We report a rare case of acute type A aortic dissection with paraplegia which was reversed using cerebrospinal fluid drainage (CFD). The patient was a 80-year-old man who was admitted with acute back pain and paraplegia. Computed tomographic scans showed an acute type A aortic dissection. Four hours after onset of paraplegia, CFD was initiated by inserting an intrathecal catheter at L3-L4. Cerebrospinal fluid was drained freely by gravity whenever the pressure exceeded 10cmH<sub>2</sub>O. After 32h, the neurological deficit was completely resolved. CFD can be considered a useful treatment in patients with paraplegia after acute aortic dissection.