Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 57
Filter
1.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-740596

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the job satisfaction level of the dental staff working at oral health centers for people with disabilities. METHODS: A questionnaire survey was conducted with 73 dentists and dental hygienists working at seven regional oral health centers for people with special needs and dental hospitals for people with disabilities in Seoul. The questionnaire consisted of seven questions across two subscales: general satisfaction (4 questions) and satisfaction with wage and welfare (3 questions). The internal consistency of the questionnaire items was assessed using Cronbach's alpha (0.80). The responses were analyzed using a t-test with SPSS (version 23.0). RESULTS: Of the 73 dental staff members, 50% were dentists, 64% were women, and participants' average age was 30 years. In total, 58% of the participants had up to five years of experience working with people with disabilities, 42% of them worked full-time, and each participant treated an average of 200 patients with disabilities per month. The participants reported that their salary was relatively low. Dental hygienists had higher satisfaction level than dentists in the institution's welfare work. The more full-time workers answered, the more suitable they are for their work. CONCLUSIONS: The job satisfaction level of most professionals working in oral health centers for people with disabilities was not very high but they felt rewarded by their welfare work. It was inferred that it is necessary to examine and improve institutional support aspects such as human resource support. Increasing the number of centers in the central region is also needed.


Subject(s)
Dental Hygienists , Dental Staff , Dentists , Disabled Persons , Female , Humans , Job Satisfaction , Oral Health , Reward , Salaries and Fringe Benefits , Seoul
2.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-740595

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to determine the association between the management of oral health and experiences of oral health education and to investigate the influential factors of the Patient Hygiene Performance (PHP) index in an area's university students. In addition, we explored the factors that influence the PHP index and how to effectively promote oral health. METHODS: All collected data were analyzed using the χ2 test, the t-test, and multiple regression using SPSS version 23.0 for Microsoft Windows. The statistical significance level was set at 5%. RESULTS: The total age of 380 participants ranged from 18 to 39 years (mean 22.22±2.43). No significant differences were found in oral health status and experiences of oral health education. CONCLUSIONS: Active national-based policies to develop regular and systematic national oral health education programs are needed.


Subject(s)
Education , Health Behavior , Health Education, Dental , Humans , Hygiene , Oral Health , Oral Hygiene
3.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-740570

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: With the growing elderly population, there is an increasing interest in the oral and general health of elderly individuals. Loss of teeth is representative of oral disease in elderly individuals and is associated with medical and dental problems. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the number of remaining functional teeth and cognitive function. METHODS: A total of 456 (111 public health centers, 261 senior centers, 84 sanatoriums) older adults (aged ≥65 years) residing in Korea were included. A mental health nurse examined the cognitive function using the Korean version of the Mini-Mental State Examination. A dentist examined the number of functional teeth and denture status through an oral examination, while a dental hygienist surveyed the subjective masticatory level using a questionnaire. RESULTS: The mean age of the participants was 79.5 years (range 65–97 years), and 76.1% of them were women. Participants with a small number of functional teeth had lower cognitive function. In these participants, the odds ratio with poor cognitive function was 2.30 times higher; it was 2.74 times higher after adjusting for age, sex, residence, education, and denture use, and was statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggested that the number of functional teeth was associated with cognitive function in the Korean elderly population.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Cognition , Dental Hygienists , Dentists , Dentures , Diagnosis, Oral , Education , Female , Humans , Korea , Mental Health , Odds Ratio , Public Health , Senior Centers , Tooth
4.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-713894

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common adult primary intracranial tumor. The remarkable features of GBM include central necrosis. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been considered as diagnostic/prognostic biomarkers for many cancers, including glioblastoma. However, the effect of necrosis on the miRNA expression profile and predicted miRNA-mRNA regulatory information remain unclear. The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of necrotic cells on the modulation of miRNA and mRNA expression profiles and miRNA-mRNA network in CRT-MG cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used human astroglioma cells, CRT-MG, treated with necrotic CRT-MG cells to examine the effect of necrosis on the modulation of miRNA and mRNA by next-generation sequencing. For preparation of necrotic cells, CRT-MG cells were frozen and thawed through cycle of liquid nitrogen–water bath. The putative miRNA-mRNA regulatory relationship was inferred through target information, using miRDB. RESULTS: The necrotic cells induced dysregulation of 106 miRNAs and 887 mRNAs. Among them, 11 miRNAs that had a negative correlation value of p < 0.05 by the hypergeometric test were screened, and their target mRNAs were analyzed by Gene Ontology enrichment analysis. Using the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes database, we also found several necrotic cell treatment-activated pathways that were modulated by relevant gene targets of differentially expressed miRNAs. CONCLUSION: Our result demonstrated that dysregulation of miRNA and mRNA expression profiles occurs when GBM cells are exposed to necrotic cells, suggesting that several miRNAs may have the potential to be used as biomarkers for predicting GBM progression and pathogenesis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Astrocytoma , Baths , Biomarkers , Gene Ontology , Genome , Glioblastoma , Humans , MicroRNAs , Necrosis , RNA, Messenger
5.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-728761

ABSTRACT

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common primary intracranial tumor in adults and has poor prognosis. The GBM-specific tumor microenvironment (TME) plays a crucial role in tumor progression, immune escape, local invasion, and metastasis of GBM. Here, we demonstrate that hypoxia, reactive oxygen species (ROS), and differential concentration of glucose influence the expression of cytokines and chemokines, such as IL-6, IL-8, and IP-10, in human glial cell lines. Treatment with cobalt chloride (CoCl₂) and hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂) significantly increased the expression levels of IL-6, IL-8, and IP-10 in a dose-dependent manner in CRT-MG and U251-MG astroglioma cells, but not in microglia cells. However, we found strikingly different patterns of expression of cytokines and chemokines between H₂O₂-treated CRT-MG cells cultured in low- and high-glucose medium. These results suggest that astroglioma and microglia cells exhibit distinct patterns of cytokine and chemokine expression in response to CoCl₂ and H₂O₂ treatment, and different concentrations of glucose influence this expression under either hypoxic or oxidant-enriched conditions.


Subject(s)
Adult , Hypoxia , Astrocytoma , Cell Line , Chemokines , Cobalt , Cytokines , Glioblastoma , Glucose , Humans , Hydrogen Peroxide , Hydrogen , Interleukin-6 , Interleukin-8 , Microglia , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neuroglia , Prognosis , Reactive Oxygen Species , Tumor Microenvironment , United Nations
6.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-19270

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Dental caries and periodontitis are major oral bacterial infections associated with dental plaque. Infection and inflammation play a role in carcinogenesis, and a significant link has been found between some highly prevalent oral and dental diseases and some types of cancer. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between cancer and oral health among Korean adults. METHODS: Data from the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used to analyze the incidence of cancer according to oral health. Demographic and socioeconomic statuses and oral behavior of the participants was analyzed using complex chi-square tests. Logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between a high DMFT index and cancer by calculating the 95% confidence intervals. RESULTS: In total, 6,450 case-control subjects were included. Significant difference was observed in the DMFT index, but not in periodontal diseases, between the cases and controls. The odds ratio for cancer was 1.80 (95% confidence interval: 1.18 to 2.73) in the high-risk group. However, no significant difference was observed after adjusting for age, education level, and income. CONCLUSIONS: The results provide potential evidence of a significant association between cancer and oral disease.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bacterial Infections , Carcinogenesis , Case-Control Studies , Dental Caries , Dental Plaque , Education , Humans , Incidence , Inflammation , Korea , Logistic Models , Nutrition Surveys , Odds Ratio , Oral Health , Periodontal Diseases , Periodontitis , Social Class , Stomatognathic Diseases
7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-194235

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between cognitive function and occlusal status in elderly individuals. METHODS: A total of 162 individuals aged 65 years and older, who attended the senior citizen center in Daegu city, were included after consent for participation in the study was obtained. The Korean version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE-K) was used to evaluate the level of cognitive function. Occlusal status was determined using the T-scan III® system. All collected data were analyzed by χ² test, t-test, one way ANOVA, and linear regression analysis using SPSS version 23.0 for Windows. RESULTS: There was a significant relationship between the cognitive function and the use of dentures. Individuals with posterior occlusal status had higher MMSE-K scores than those with anterior occlusal status. There was a positive correlation between the cognitive function and posterior occlusal force. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that occlusal status was associated with cognitive function in the elderly individuals. Active national policies to improve occlusal condition in the elderly population are needed.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bite Force , Cognition , Dentures , Humans , Linear Models
8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-207261

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to investigate the changes in bisphenol A (BPA) concentrations in urine from before to after sealant filling and the relationship between BPA and the number of teeth with sealed surfaces. METHODS: Thirty-one children aged 6 and 7 years from three elementary schools in Daegu city who did not have any sealant and resin filling were selected as subjects. Urine samples were collected before and after sealant filling until 24 hours, with informed consent from their caregivers. The BPA concentration in all the collected urine samples was analyzed at Seegene Medical. Statistical analysis was performed using the Friedman test, Scheirer-Ray-Hope test, and the repeated-measures generalized linear mixed model of SPSS version 22.0. RESULTS: The BPA concentrations increased from 3.49-μg/g creatinine before to 4.91-μg/g creatinine 2-3 hours later and to 4.15-μg/g creatinine after 24 hours. The more teeth with sealed surfaces, the higher the BPA concentration in children, but the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The BPA concentrations were highest at 2–3 hours after sealant filling and decreased at 24 hours. Exposure to the sealant appears to have a meaningful correlation with the concentration of BPA in the urine of children.


Subject(s)
Caregivers , Child , Creatinine , Humans , Informed Consent , Tooth
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-207259

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Stress is a psychological reaction to stimuli such as anxiety or threat felt by a person either physically or mentally when placed in a difficult situation. Although a relationship between stress and dry mouth has been reported, it remains understudied. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between stress and subjective dry mouth among the elderly living in a rural region. METHODS: A total of 214 people aged ≥60 years living in a rural area were recruited with an informed consent for a cross-sectional analysis. Information about stress and subjective dry mouth was obtained by an interview survey with a constructed questionnaire. Data on other potential confounding factors (including oral factors) such as socio-demographic data, health-related behaviors, the number of remaining teeth, and subjective chewing ability were also gathered at the same time. Logistic regression models were used to analyze the relationship of stress and dry mouth using SPSS. RESULTS: The Crude odds ratio (OR) of stress awareness affecting subjective dry mouth was 2.59 (95% confidence interval: 1.43–4.68). After adjusting for sex, education, income, smoking, and alcohol intake, the adjusted OR was 2.52 (95% confidence interval: 1.30–4.87) which was statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: Elderly people who were stressed had an approximately 2-fold increase in experiencing subjective dry mouth when compared to their stress-free counterparts.


Subject(s)
Aged , Anxiety , Cross-Sectional Studies , Education , Humans , Informed Consent , Logistic Models , Mastication , Mouth , Odds Ratio , Pilot Projects , Smoke , Smoking , Tooth
10.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-207255

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Unmet needs for dental treatment are one of the potential contributing factors to poor oral health because oral health problems worsen if left untreated. This study aimed to demonstrate the prevalence of and the causes for unmet dental needs, and to evaluate the association between unmet needs for dental treatment and oral health status. METHODS: Data on 3,883 subjects aged ≥18 years from the Korean National Oral Health Survey 2006 were analyzed. Information regarding unmet needs for dental treatment was obtained using standardized questionnaires. Eight trained dentists examined decayed, missing, or filled teeth (DMFT). Multiple regression models were built to assess the association between unmet needs for dental treatment and the DMFT scores. RESULTS: The prevalence of perceived unmet needs for dental treatment was 34.7% among the adult Korean population. Economic constraints were the main cause (38.6%) for unmet dental needs. The average DMFT scores were higher in the subjects with unmet needs for dental treatment than in those without. In individuals with unmet needs for dental treatment within the past 1 year, the number of decayed teeth after adjusting for confounders was likely to be greater by 0.58 and that of missing teeth by 0.27 compared to that in their counterparts with no unmet dental needs in the past 1 year. CONCLUSIONS: Perceived unmet needs for dental treatment were significantly associated with poor oral health status among the adult Korean population. Further studies are needed to clarify the direct and indirect effects of unmet needs for dental treatment on an individual's oral health status by investigating critical variables of the causal pathways among perceived dental needs, dental care utilization, and oral health status.


Subject(s)
Adult , Dental Care , Dental Health Surveys , Dentists , DMF Index , Health Services Needs and Demand , Humans , Oral Health , Prevalence , Tooth
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-156071

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Many recent studies have suggested that several systemic conditions, such as obesity, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes, are related to periodontitis. The aim of this study was to investigate whether any particular metabolic syndrome component correlates with the periodontal status. METHODS: This study analyzed data from 501 adults (age range, 30 to 64 years) who completed a general physical examination and an oral-health-related questionnaire between January 2014 and June 2014. Periodontitis was already used by the validity and reliability has been proven questionnaire. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to assess the association between metabolic syndrome and the presence of chronic periodontitis. RESULTS: Among the 501 participants, 81 (16.2%) had metabolic syndrome and 91 (18.2%) had chronic periodontitis. The prevalence of chronic periodontitis was 28.40% (23/81) and 16.19% (68/420) in the participants with and without metabolic syndrome, respectively. The association remained significant after adjusting for sex, age, education, income, occupation, and smoking status; the adjusted odds ratio was 2.03 (95% confidence interval, 1.11 to 3.71). CONCLUSIONS: A significant association exists between metabolic syndrome components and the periodontal status.


Subject(s)
Adult , Chronic Periodontitis , Education , Humans , Hyperlipidemias , Hypertension , Logistic Models , Obesity , Occupations , Odds Ratio , Periodontitis , Physical Examination , Prevalence , Reproducibility of Results , Smoke , Smoking
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-50018

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Many people rely on recommendations from family, relatives, and other information sources in order to select the appropriate dental clinic for treatment. The object of this study was to find out the relationship between quality of dental service and Korean Net Promoter Score (KNPS). METHODS: A total of 520 patients were selected through consecutive sampling from four dental clinics in Daegu city. Informed consent of all selected patients was obtained. The patients were required to complete a questionnaire that comprised of three categories of queries related to provision of satisfactory dental service, relation quality, and personal data. Sub-categories of questions included physical and environmental factors, human service factors, patients' satisfaction with related quality and KNPS. Data was collected by interviewing all individuals on a personal basis over a period of 3 months. Statistical analysis was performed using studental t-test, ANOVA and multiple regression analysis using the SPSS 20.0 software (IBM Co., Armonk, NY, USA). RESULTS: Among the various socio-economic factors studied, income was most significantly related to KNPS while satisfaction of relation quality was the largest factor affecting the KNPS. Factors such as satisfactory physical environment, quality of human service, relation quality and income accounted for 52.4% of KNPS. In short, the three major factors that affected KNPS were patient compliance, professionalism of the attending dentist and response of hygienist to patient. Other minor factors influencing KNPS included trust upon the attending dentist, aesthetics of clinicstiinterior, and physical convenience. CONCLUSIONS: It is highly recommended that dental clinics should make strenuous efforts to increase the level of patient compliance, professionalism, and response towards patients, which can be achieved by improving the quality of service and through positive marketing of the hospital.


Subject(s)
Dental Clinics , Dentists , Esthetics , Humans , Informed Consent , Marketing , Patient Compliance , Professionalism
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-655325

ABSTRACT

The purposes of this study were to investigate the factors affection the Oral Impacts on Daily Performances for Children (C-OIDP) in elementary and middle school students, and identify the association between oral health-related behaviors, oral health condition and C-OIDP. A cross-sectional study was conducted in three schools in Incheon, Asan, Korea. A total of 175 selected children were interviewed by a trained examiner using a questionnaire. Oral Health Related Quality of Life was assessed by the Korean version of C-OIDP. Socio-economic characteristics, oral health-related behaviors, oral health condition and C-OIDP were verified using the questionnaire. ANOVA analysis was performed to determine the oral health and C-OIDP, and multiple regression analysis was performed to determine the factors affecting the C-OIDP. The activities with the greatest effect were eating (28.0%), cleaning teeth (22.9%), and smiling (18.9%). In the logistic regression model, the high item score of C-OIDP was associated with experiencing dental caries and gum pain in the past month. The more the C-OIDP prevalence item, the more the fillng deciduous tooth surface (fs) (p=0.024), caries experienced deciduous tooth surface (dfs) (p=0.049), total caries tooth surface (ds+DS) (p=0.021), and total caries experienced tooth surface (dfs+DMFS) (p=0.047). It can be concluded that the factors affecting C-OIDP are fs, dfs, dfs+DMFS, and gingival pain. Based on these results, we can improve C-OIDP to advance preventive practice.


Subject(s)
Child , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dental Caries , Eating , Gingiva , Humans , Korea , Logistic Models , Oral Health , Prevalence , Quality of Life , Smiling , Tooth , Tooth, Deciduous
14.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1494-1499, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-143161

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether the peroxisomal proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) ligand troglitazone in combination with photodynamic therapy (PDT) enhances the apoptotic response of DLD-1 colon cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effects of troglitazone, PDT, and troglitazone in combination with PDT on cell viability and apoptosis were assessed in DLD-1 cells. Cell viability and proliferation were evaluated using the tetrazolium-based MTT assay, and apoptosis was evaluated via cell staining with propidium iodide (PI) and annexin V-FITC. The levels of pro-caspase-3 were measured via Western blot analyses. RESULTS: Treatment of troglitazone and PDT induced the growth retardation and cell death of DLD-1 cells in a dose-dependent manner, respectively. The combination treatment significantly suppressed cell growth and increased the apoptotic response of DLD-1 and resulted in apoptosis rather than necrosis, as shown by PI/annexin V staining and degradation of procaspase-3. CONCLUSION: Conclusion: These results document the anti-proliferative and apoptotic activities of PDT in combination with the PPARγ ligand troglitazone and provide a strong rationale for testing the therapeutic potential of combination treatment in colon cancer.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Blotting, Western , Caspase 3 , Cell Death , Cell Survival , Colon , Colonic Neoplasms , Necrosis , Photochemotherapy , Propidium
15.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1494-1499, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-143156

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether the peroxisomal proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) ligand troglitazone in combination with photodynamic therapy (PDT) enhances the apoptotic response of DLD-1 colon cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effects of troglitazone, PDT, and troglitazone in combination with PDT on cell viability and apoptosis were assessed in DLD-1 cells. Cell viability and proliferation were evaluated using the tetrazolium-based MTT assay, and apoptosis was evaluated via cell staining with propidium iodide (PI) and annexin V-FITC. The levels of pro-caspase-3 were measured via Western blot analyses. RESULTS: Treatment of troglitazone and PDT induced the growth retardation and cell death of DLD-1 cells in a dose-dependent manner, respectively. The combination treatment significantly suppressed cell growth and increased the apoptotic response of DLD-1 and resulted in apoptosis rather than necrosis, as shown by PI/annexin V staining and degradation of procaspase-3. CONCLUSION: Conclusion: These results document the anti-proliferative and apoptotic activities of PDT in combination with the PPARγ ligand troglitazone and provide a strong rationale for testing the therapeutic potential of combination treatment in colon cancer.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Blotting, Western , Caspase 3 , Cell Death , Cell Survival , Colon , Colonic Neoplasms , Necrosis , Photochemotherapy , Propidium
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-8408

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a 2.9% hydrogen peroxide (HP) whitening strip with a desensitizing agent as a primer. METHODS: This study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of Kyungpook National University Hospital. A total of 144 subjects (mean age: 21.7 years) were recruited after they provided informed consent for participation in the study. All participants used the whitening strip and primer for 1.5 h a day for 14 days. ShadeEye-NCC and Vita classical shade guide were used to determine the color changes, with respect to baseline, after 1, 3, 5, 7, and 14 days. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data on satisfaction after bleaching and irritating symptoms during the 14 days. All collected data were analyzed with repeated measures ANOVA and one-way ANOVA using SPSS 20.0 for windows. RESULTS: Brightness (ΔL*) was significantly higher in groups 2 and 3 than in the control group after 3 days of the experiment. Chroma (Δb*) started to decrease in groups 2 and 3, compared to control, after 1 day. Perceived symptoms of irritation were significantly lower in groups using the strip combined with the desensitizing primer than in the control group. Satisfaction after bleaching was higher in the experimental groups than in control. CONCLUSIONS: The HP whitening strip with a desensitizing agent as a primer is clinically effective in bleaching human enamel after 3 days of use. It also reduces the prevalence of gingival irritation.


Subject(s)
Dental Enamel , Ethics Committees, Research , Humans , Hydrogen Peroxide , Informed Consent , Prevalence , Tooth
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-8406

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the associations between oral health, activity of daily living, and cognitive impairment among elderly people who live at home in a rural area. METHODS: A total of 183 participants older than 70 years of age were recruited from a public health center in a rural Korean city. Trained examiners conducted questionnaire surveys and at-home oral exams to assess oral health, geriatric function, and cognitive impairment. Oral health was assessed by counting remaining teeth and examining salivary flow. Geriatric function and cognitive impairment were assessed using the Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA), the Mini-Mental State Examination for Dementia Screening (MMSE-DS), and an activity of daily living (ADL) questionnaire. RESULTS: Mean age (SD) of the participants was 83.77 (5.99) years and 68.9% of them were women. The participants who had a lower number of remaining teeth were significantly older, had severe cognitive impairment, and poor ADL and MNA results. The participants with severe cognitive impairment were significantly older and had fewer remaining teeth and low salivary flow. Simple linear regression analysis showed an association between remaining teeth and cognitive impairment with a P-value of 0.000, which disappeared after adjusting for sex and age or sex, age, denture use, and salivary flow, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Possible associations between remaining teeth and salivary flow, activity of daily living, and cognitive impairment were discovered among some elderly people living in a rural area.


Subject(s)
Activities of Daily Living , Aged , Dementia , Dentures , Female , Humans , Linear Models , Mass Screening , Oral Health , Pilot Projects , Public Health , Tooth
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-181867

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The quest for a happy life is accompanied by an increase in social activities, living standards, and socioeconomic development, with individuals showing increased interest in health and esthetics. In the field of dentistry, not only prevention and treatment but also esthetics is gaining popularity. The aim of this study was to identify tooth color reduction and consequent patient satisfaction over a period of 6 months after office and home bleaching. METHODS: Thirty subjects were divided using the convenience sampling method into two groups based on the bleaching agent used: 10% carbamide peroxide (CP10; home bleach) and 15% hydrogen peroxide (office bleach). CP10 was used at home in a tray for 2 h/day over 14 days, while 15% hydrogen peroxide was light-activated for 15 min, three times/session (total, 45 min). A control set of teeth without any bleaching treatment was used as reference. Shade evaluation was conducted using the Shade Eye NCC at baseline, 1 week, and 1 and 6 months after bleaching. Data were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test and the nonparametric Friedman test. RESULTS: There were significant differences in tooth color before and after bleaching in both the home and office bleach groups, although intergroup differences were not observed. Although b* values after bleaching were lower than the original values, only slight tooth color reduction was observed at 6 months. DeltaE*, which represents the overall change in color, at 1 and 6 months after bleaching was significantly different from that at baseline in the home bleach group, while it showed no significant differences in the office bleach group. According to a patient satisfaction survey, patient satisfaction significantly increased over time in the home bleach group, although it did not differ significantly between groups. CONCLUSIONS: Tooth whitening was observed after bleaching in both groups. However, slight color reduction was observed at 6 months after bleaching, and complete restoration to the color before bleaching did not occur; therefore, long-term observation of color reduction is required.


Subject(s)
Dentistry , Esthetics , Follow-Up Studies , Hydrogen Peroxide , Patient Satisfaction , Socioeconomic Factors , Tooth Bleaching , Tooth , Urea
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-18584

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Recently, studies aiming to improve the quality of life of the elderly have become more common. In the aging population, oral health is an important consideration for overall good systemic health. Oral health is closely related to general health and should not be ignored. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there are associations between the mastication level and number of remaining teeth and the cognitive function. These associations were investigated using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score and the results of oral examinations in elderly individuals. METHODS: Participants who were aged over 60 years and living in Daegu city underwent oral examination for assessing their oral condition; their cognitive function was evaluated using the MMSE. The collected data were analyzed using the chi-square test, t-test, and logistic regression in SPSS. Logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between the MMSE score and the number of remaining teeth, and the 95% confidence intervals were computed. RESULTS: Although a significant relationship was found between the number of remaining teeth and the MMSE score, the differences were not large. The odds ratio (OR) when the number of remaining teeth was 0-10 was 3.02 (95% confidence interval: 1.200-7.581). CONCLUSIONS: This study showed a slight but significant relationship between the MMSE score and the number of remaining teeth in elderly individuals.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aging , Alzheimer Disease , Dementia , Diagnosis, Oral , Humans , Logistic Models , Mastication , Odds Ratio , Oral Health , Pilot Projects , Quality of Life , Tooth
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-120511

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to evaluate the validity of a set of self-reported questionnaires for periodontitis for estimating the prevalence of chronic adult periodontitis in the Korean population. METHODS: The questionnaire is comprised of a total of 14 questions with four summarized concepts including self-diagnosis of oral status, subjective signs related to oral health, smoking and drinking status, and use of auxiliary oral hygiene devices including scaling. The predictiveness of the measures from these self-reported questions was assessed by logistic regression modeling using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) statistics, sensitivity, and specificity. RESULTS: The sensitivity, specificity, and AUC including all questions were 0.571, 0.768, and 0.781, respectively; the sum of sensitivity and specificity was 1.34. To gain robustness, a simplified predictive model was built with six questions. Its results were 0.536, 0.817, and 0.762 for sensitivity, specificity, and AUC, respectively. The sum of sensitivity and specificity was found to be 1.35. CONCLUSIONS: The self-reported questionnaire for periodontitis showed considerable validity, but further study is required to provide optimal validity and predictability.


Subject(s)
Area Under Curve , Chronic Periodontitis , Drinking , Logistic Models , Oral Health , Oral Hygiene , Periodontal Diseases , Periodontitis , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Smoke , Smoking
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL