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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2077-2086, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936564

ABSTRACT

This study is to explore the mechanism of Xueshuantong improving cerebral microcirculation disorder through the combination of network pharmacology and experimental validation in vivo. Structural formulas of main Panax notoginseng saponins, including notoginsenoside R1, and ginsenoside Rg1, Re, Rb1 and Rd were obtained from Pubchem website and their potential targets were predicted by Swiss Target Prediction database. Potential molecular targets of brain microcirculation disorder were acquired from OMIM and GeneCards database. The overlapped molecular targets between the drug and disease were analyzed. Protein interaction analysis and topology maps were constructed through the STRING online analysis platform and Cytoscape software. Core action targets were selected. GO function and KEGG pathway were analyzed by DAVID database. Immunohistochemical method was used to examine the expression of platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (CD31) in the ischemic cortex of middle cerebral artery occlusion and reperfusion (MCAO/R) rats. The levels of mRNA and protein expressions of core action targets in MCAO/R model rats′ brain microvessels were verified by RT-qPCR and Western blot. Based on network pharmacology, 242 targets of Xueshuantong, 425 targets of brain microcirculation disorder, and 35 overlapped targets were obtained. The potential key targets of Xueshuantong, protein kinase B (AKT1), vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), caspase 3 (CASP3), matrix metallopeptidase 9 (MMP-9), phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha (PIK3CA), signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) involved in the alleviation of cerebral microcirculation disorder were obtained by setting degree and betweenness centrality as screening parameters. Xueshuantong at the dose of 48 mg·kg-1 was shown to significantly improve the injury of neurological behaviors, as well as the density and morphology of microvessels of MCAO/R model rats. Xueshuantong could down-regulate the mRNA levels of AKT1, MMP-9, and STAT3, increase the protein expression levels of CD31, phosphorylated AKT and phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase (PI3K), and the ratio of B-cell lymphoma 2/Bcl-2-associated X (Bcl-2/Bax), but decrease the protein expression levels of MMP-9, cleaved caspase-3 and phosphorylated STAT3. In summary, Xueshuantong could improve ischemic cerebral microcirculation disorder and thereby reduce nerve damage in ischemia-reperfusion rats by regulating signaling pathways related with PI3K, AKT, MMP-9, STAT3 and caspase-3 in microvessels. The study strictly adhered to all ethical protocols that experimental animals should follow in the course of medical research.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936317

ABSTRACT

We report a case of giant hysteromyoma and complex pelvic adhesion treated by robotic assisted laparoscopic total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingectomy. The patient was diagnosed with uterine fibroids after physical examination in 1998 but did not receive any treatment, and regular examinations reported progressive growth of the fibroids. Ultrasound suggested multiple uterine fibroids, and pelvic MRI indicated large uterine fibroids with bleeding. Robot-assisted laparoscopic total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingectomy were performed after relevant examinations, and the operation was completed smoothly. The patient was discharged 4 days after surgery with good appearance of the abdominal wall and good recovery during the follow-up. With its unique advantages, robot-assisted laparoscopy provides a minimally invasive surgical approach for giant hysterectomy with complex pelvic adhesions.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Hysterectomy , Laparoscopy , Leiomyoma/surgery , Robotics , Uterus
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936207

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the dynamic changes of vestibular autorotation test (VAT) before and after vestibular rehabilitation treatment in patients with unilateral vestibular hypofunction (UVH). Methods: A retrospective study was carried out,48 patients who were diagnosed with UVH and under vestibular rehabilitation in department of otorhinolaryngology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, from January 2019 to January 2021 were enrolled. Among them, there were 21 males and 27 females, with an average age of 46.9 years old, including 25 cases of Meniere's disease, 13 cases of sudden deafness with vertigo and 10 cases of vestibular neuritis. The course of disease ranged from 5 days to 10 years. Demographic characteristics, detailed case data and routine examination were collected for the patients. The horizontal gain/phase, vertical gain/phase, and asymmetry of VAT at different frequencies before and after vestibular rehabilitation were collected. The absolute value of the difference between the measured value of 2.0-5.9 Hz before and after rehabilitation and the standard value were statistically analyzed. Results: Before vestibular rehabilitation, the incidence of abnormal gain was 62.5% (30/48), the incidence of abnormal phase was 56.3% (27/48), and the incidence of asymmetry was 16.7% (8/48). After 4-6 weeks of vestibular rehabilitation, the incidence of gain abnormality was 22.9% (11/48), the incidence of phase abnormality was 31.3% (15/48), and the incidence of asymmetry was 12.5% (6/48).The horizontal gain at frequency of 2.0-3.9 Hz showed statistically significant difference compared with before vestibular rehabilitation (P<0.05), and the horizontal gain at frequency of 4.3-5.9 Hz showed that there was no significant difference (P>0.05); the horizontal phase at 5.9 Hz showed that the difference was statistically significant (P=0.043), and there was no significant difference before and after rehabilitation treatment at 2.0-5.5 Hz (P>0.05); the vertical gain at 4.3 Hz showed the difference was statistically significant (P=0.020), and the remaining frequency showed no significant difference (P>0.05); No frequency of asymmetry and vertical phase showed the difference before and after rehabilitation was statistically significant (P>0.05). Conclusion: VAT can be used to monitor the change trend of multiple frequency bands before and after vestibular rehabilitation in UVH, in order to provide reference for the formulation of personalized rehabilitation strategies.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Meniere Disease/diagnosis , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Vertigo/diagnosis , Vestibular Function Tests , Vestibular Neuronitis
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928947

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether the antihypertensive mechanism of electroacupuncture (EA) is associated with attenuating phenotype transformation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) via phosphoinositide3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways.@*METHODS@#Eight Wistar-ktoyo (WKY) rats were set as normal blood pressure group (normal group). A total of 32 spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHRs) were randomly divided into 4 groups using random number tables: a model group, an EA group, an EA+PI3K antagonist group (EA+P group), and an EA+p38 MAPK agonist+extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) agonist group (EA+M group) (n=8/group). SHRs in EA group, EA+P group and EA+M group received EA treatment 5 sessions per week for continuous 4 weeks, while rats in the normal and model groups were bundled in same condition. The systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and mean arterial pressure (MAP) of each rat was measured at 0 week and the 4th week. After 4-week intervention, thoracic aorta was collected for hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, immunohistochemistry [the contractile markers α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and calponin and the synthetic marker osteopontin (OPN)] and Western blot [α-SMA, calponin, OPN, PI3K, phosphorylated-Akt (p-Akt), Akt, p-p42/44 ERK, total p42/44 ERK, p-p38 MAPK and total p38 MAPK].@*RESULTS@#EA significantly reduced SBP, DBP and MAP (P<0.01). HE staining showed that the wall thickness of thoracic aorta in EA group was significantly decreased (P<0.01). From results of immunohistochemistry and Western blot, EA increased the expression of α-SMA and calponin, and decreased the expression of OPN (P<0.01). In addition, the expression of PI3K and p-Akt increased (P<0.01), while the expression of p-p42/44 ERK and p-p38 MAPK decreased in EA group (P<0.01). However, these effects were reversed by PI3K antagonist, p38 MAPK agonist and ERK agonist.@*CONCLUSIONS@#EA was an effective treatment for BP management. The antihypertensive effect of EA may be related with inhibition of phenotypic transformation of VSMCs, in which the activation of PI3K/Akt and the repression of MAPK pathway were involved.


Subject(s)
Animals , Electroacupuncture , Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases/metabolism , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Phenotype , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Inbred SHR
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914795

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Hearing thresholds across frequencies must be obtained for hearing aid fitting. Narrow-band noise (NBN) and speech sounds are often used as stimuli in pediatric audiologic assessments to elicit children’s attention due to their wider frequency ranges as compared to pure tones. However, obtaining complete responses across frequency ranges is challenging in pediatric practice. Therefore, we developed a frequency-specific phoneme screening tool, the Mandarin Phoneme Detection Score Sheet, to help clinicians evaluate aided performance in pediatric practice. @*Subjects and Methods@#A total of 30 adults with typical hearing and 30 children aged 3-12 years with hearing loss were recruited. Threshold ranges for the aided detection of Mandarin phonemes and NBN were measured using 95% confidence intervals. A stepwise regression analysis was then performed to identify the Mandarin phonemes that can predict NBN detection performance. @*Results@#The Mandarin Phoneme Detection Score Sheet was developed based on the results of the regression analysis. It was shown that the phonemes /ɤ, a, tɕh/ could predict detection performance at different frequencies. @*Conclusions@#The Mandarin Phoneme Detection Score Sheet can allow audiologists and early intervention professionals to determine the benefits of hearing aids for pediatric patients in the early stage of hearing loss conditions.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913155

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of serum free triiodothyronine (FT3) level in predicting the 90-day prognosis of patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). Methods Related clinical data were collected from 122 patients with HBV-ACLF who were hospitalized in Beijing YouAn Hospital, Capital Medical University, from September 2018 to January 2020, and according to their prognosis on day 90 after confirmed diagnosis, they were divided into survival group with 77 patients and death group with 45 patients. ELISA was used to measure the serum level of FT3, which was then compared between the two groups; a logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the risk factors for prognosis and establish an FT3-related predictive model; the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) of the predicted probability value was used to evaluate the discriminatory ability of the predictive model, and a linear regression analysis was used to evaluate calibration degree. AUC was used to compare the predictive value of this model and Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score. The t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups; univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to investigate the influencing factors for prognosis. Results The death group had a significantly lower serum level of FT3 than the survival group (2.27±0.38 pmol/L vs 2.69±0.55 pmol/L, t =4.526, P < 0.001). FT3 (odds ratio [ OR ]=0.534, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 0.300-0.950, P =0.013) was an independent protective factor against poor prognosis, while age ( OR =1.047, 95% CI : 1.013-1.082, P =0.007), total bilirubin (TBil) ( OR =1.096, 95% CI : 1.059-1.134, P < 0.001), international normalized ratio (INR) ( OR =1.101, 95% CI : 1.029-1.178, P < 0.005), and creatinine (Cr) ( OR =4.583, 95% CI : 2.102-7.992, P < 0.001) were independent risk factors. In terms of discriminatory ability, the FT3-related predictive model had an AUC of 0.869 (95% CI : 0.831-0.907, P < 0.001), and for calibration ability, R 2 =0.340, P =0.268. The FT3-related formula was better than MELD score in predicting prognosis ( P < 0.05). Conclusion FT3 is an independent influencing factor for 90-day prognosis in patients with HBV-ACLF, and the FT3-related predictive model based on FT3 in combination with age, TBil, INR, and Cr has a good value in predicting 90-day prognosis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936071

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the incidence and risk factors of postoperative surgical site infection (SSI) after colon cancer surgery. Methods: A retrospective case-control study was performed. Patients diagnosed with colon cancer who underwent radical surgery between January 2016 and May 2021 were included, and demographic characteristics, comorbidities, laboratory tests, surgical data and postoperative complications were extracted from the specialized prospective database at Department of General Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Case exclusion criteria: (1) simultaneously multiple primary colon cancer; (2) segmental resection, subtotal colectomy, or total colectomy; (3) patients undergoing colostomy/ileostomy during the operation or in the state of colostomy/ileostomy before the operation; (4) patients receiving natural orifice specimen extraction surgery or transvaginal colon surgery; (5) patients with the history of colectomy; (6) emergency operation due to intestinal obstruction, perforation and acute bleeding; (7) intestinal diversion operation; (8) benign lesions confirmed by postoperative pathology; (9) patients not following the colorectal clinical pathway of our department for intestinal preparation and antibiotic application. Univariate analysis and multivariate analysis were used to determine the risk factors of SSI after colon cancer surgery. Results: A total of 1291 patients were enrolled in the study. 94.3% (1217/1291) of cases received laparoscopic surgery. The incidence of overall SSI was 5.3% (69/1291). According to tumor location, the incidence of SSI in the right colon, transverse colon, left colon and sigmoid colon was 8.6% (40/465), 5.2% (11/213), 7.1% (7/98) and 2.1% (11/515) respectively. According to resection range, the incidence of SSI after right hemicolectomy, transverse colectomy, left hemicolectomy and sigmoid colectomy was 8.2% (48/588), 4.5% (2/44), 4.8% (8 /167) and 2.2% (11/492) respectively. Univariate analysis showed that preoperative BUN≥7.14 mmol/L, tumor site, resection range, intestinal anastomotic approach, postoperative diarrhea, anastomotic leakage, postoperative pneumonia, and anastomotic technique were related to SSI (all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis revealed that anastomotic leakage (OR=22.074, 95%CI: 6.172-78.953, P<0.001), pneumonia (OR=4.100, 95%CI: 1.546-10.869, P=0.005), intracorporeal anastomosis (OR=5.288, 95%CI: 2.919-9.577,P<0.001) were independent risk factors of SSI. Subgroup analysis showed that in right hemicolectomy, the incidence of SSI in intracorporeal anastomosis was 19.8% (32/162), which was significantly higher than that in extracorporeal anastomosis (3.8%, 16/426, χ(2)=40.064, P<0.001). In transverse colectomy [5.0% (2/40) vs. 0, χ(2)=0.210, P=1.000], left hemicolectomy [5.4% (8/148) vs. 0, χ(2)=1.079, P=0.599] and sigmoid colectomy [2.1% (10/482) vs. 10.0% (1/10), χ(2)=2.815, P=0.204], no significant differences of SSI incidence were found between intracorporeal anastomosis and extracorporeal anastomosis (all P>0.05). Conclusions: The incidence of SSI increases with the resection range from sigmoid colectomy to right hemicolectomy. Intracorporeal anastomosis and postoperative anastomotic leakage are independent risk factors of SSI. Attentions should be paid to the possibility of postoperative pneumonia and actively effective treatment measures should be carried out.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Colonic Neoplasms/surgery , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Surgical Wound Infection/etiology
8.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 413-418, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935960

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the new mechanism of liver fibrosis through D-galactosamine/lipopolysaccharide (D-GalN/LPS)-induced necroptosis as an entry point to inhibit lethal injury. Methods: The carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced mouse model of liver fibrosis was established. At 6 weeks of fibrosis, the mice were challenged with a lethal dose of D-GalN/LPS, and the normal mice treated with the same treatment were used as the control. The experiment was divided into four groups: control group (Control), acute injury group (D-GalN/LPS), liver fibrosis group (Fib), and liver fibrosis + acute challenge group (Fib + D-GalN/LPS). Quantitative PCR and immunofluorescence were used to analyze the expression of necroptosis key signal molecules RIPK1, RIPK3, MLKL and/or P-MLKL in each group. Normal mice were treated with inhibitors targeting key signaling molecules of necroptosis, and then given an acute challenge. The inhibitory effect of D-GalN/LPS-induced-necroptosis on acute liver injury was evaluated according to the changes in transaminase levels and liver histology. Liver fibrosis spontaneous ablation model was established, and then acute challenge was given. Necroptosis key signal molecules expression was analyzed in liver tissue of mice in each group and compared by immunohistochemistry. The differences between groups were compared with t-test or analysis of variance. Results: Quantitative PCR and immunofluorescence assays result showed that D-GalN/LPS-induced significant upregulation of RIPK1, RIPK3, MLKL and/or P-MLKL. Necroptosis key signal molecules inhibition had significantly reduced D-GalN/LPS-induced liver injury, as manifested by markedly reduced serum ALT and AST levels with improvement in liver histology. Necroptosis signaling molecules expression was significantly inhibited in fibrotic livers even under acute challenge conditions. Additionally, liver fibrosis with gradual attenuation of fibrotic ablation had inhibited D-GalN/LPS-induced necroptosis. Conclusion: Liver fibrosis may protect mice from acute lethal challenge injury by inhibiting D-GalN/LPS-induced necroptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/pathology , Galactosamine/adverse effects , Lipopolysaccharides/adverse effects , Liver/pathology , Liver Cirrhosis/pathology , Liver Failure, Acute/chemically induced , Mice , Necroptosis
9.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 204-206, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935927

ABSTRACT

In January 2022, the American College of Gastroenterology released its first clinical guidelines, integrating the latest research, summarizing the three current definitions characteristics, and proposing recommendations and core viewpoints with important clinical practice value to guide diagnosis, treatment, and management of acute-on-chronic liver failure. This article interprets and summarizes the highlights of the guideline, raises controversial issues, and suggests directions for future research.


Subject(s)
Acute-On-Chronic Liver Failure/therapy , Gastroenterology , Humans , United States
10.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 127-130, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935923

ABSTRACT

Artificial liver is one of the effective methods to treat liver failure. Patients with liver failure are critically ill and have great individualized differences. Therefore, the specific program for the treatment of liver failure with artificial liver should be individualized. The commonly used non-biological artificial liver models include simple plasmapheresis, double filtration plasmapheresis, plasma filtration with dialysis, double plasma molecular adsorption system, molecular absorbent recirculating system, hemodiafiltration, continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration, hybrid, etc. The curative effect should be properly judged from patient's symptoms, laboratory test indicators, survival rate and other aspects after artificial liver therapy.


Subject(s)
Hemodiafiltration , Humans , Judgment , Liver Failure/therapy , Liver, Artificial , Plasmapheresis
11.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 173-181, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935845

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the effect of hydroxyapatite (HA) based agents on the bonding properties of universal adhesive with different application modes, and to provide evidence for the use of adhesives after desensitization treatment. Methods: Sixty impacted third molars were extracted and selected (acquired from Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Stomatology, Xi'an Jiaotong University). Four third molars were used to prepare 1 mm thick dentin disks and treated with 1% citric acid to simulate sensitive tooth models. The dentin surfaces were observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM) after treating with no desensitization (control group), desensitized by HA based toothpaste Biorepair and Dontodent Sensitive respectively (desensitizing toothpaste A group and B group), or HA paste treatment (desensitizing paste group ) (n=2 per group). The remaining teeth were selected to expose the mid-coronal dentin and establish dentin sensitivity models. Then, the specimens were divided into 4 former groups and received corresponding treatment. Each group was randomly divided into 2 subgroups, and intermediately strong universal adhesive (G-Premio Bond) was applied on the desensitized dentin by either etch-and-rinse mode or self-etch mode. Resin-dentin slice specimens (n=4 per subgroup), microtensile specimens (n=20 per subgroup) and slice specimens (n=6 per subgroup) were prepared. The microstructure and nanoleakage of the adhesive interfaces were observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The microtensile strength (bond strength) and fracture mode were tested and recorded. The water permeability of the adhesive interface was observed by laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM). Results: SEM showed that desensitizing toothpaste and desensitizing paste could partially or entirely occlude most of the dentin tubules. For the etch-and-rinse mode, the bond strength of specimens treated with toothpaste A [(40.98±4.60) MPa], toothpaste B [(40.89±4.64) MPa] and HA paste [(41.48±3.65) MPa] was significantly higher than that of the control group [(38.58±4.28) MPa] (F=3.89,P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in bond strength among the 4 subgroups for self-etch modes (F=0.48,P>0.05). After desensitization, the bond strength of the control group and desensitizing groups in the self-etch mode was significantly higher than that in the etch-and-rinse mode (P<0.05). The overall fracture modes were mixed failure and interfacial failure in the control group and desensitizing groups. SEM showed speckled silver-stained particles deposited along the bottom of the hybrid layer on the bond interface of etch-and-rinse mode, and there were few silver-stained particles deposited on the bond interface of self-etch mode. LSCM showed continuous linear penetration in the hybrid layer of etch-and-rinse mode subgroups and discontinuous linear penetration in the hybrid layer of self-etch mode subgroups. Conclusions: HA based desensitizers have no adverse effect on the bond strength of intermediately strong universal adhesive and show good bonding performance accompanied with the self-etch mode.


Subject(s)
Adhesives , Dental Bonding , Dental Cements , Dentin , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Durapatite , Humans , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Resin Cements , Tensile Strength
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935815

ABSTRACT

Occupational pneumoconiosis is one of the main occupational diseases in China. Progressive massive fibrosis in pneumoconiosis should be distinguished from lung cancer for their similar imaging features which is often identified by (18)F-FDG PET-CT in clinic. Here we reported two cases of pneumoconiosis. Both of them were suspected of carrying malignant tumors by preoperative PET-CT exam, however, nodules in these two patients were all proved to be benign by intraoperative pathology which suggested that there is false-positive possibility in the distinguishment of pneumoconiosis nodules by (18)F-FDG PET-CT.


Subject(s)
Fibrosis , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Pneumoconiosis/pathology , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Positron-Emission Tomography/methods
13.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 378-386, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935614

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association between prealbumin and the long-term prognosis of patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma(HCCA) following radical surgery. Methods: The clinical data of 262 HCCA patients who underwent radical surgery admitted from January 2010 to January 2017 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University were collected,retrospectively. There were 158 males and 104 females; aged (57.6±9.9)years old(range:32 to 78 years). According to the preoperative serum prealbumin level(170 mg/L),the patients were divided into low prealbumin group(n=143) and normal prealbumin group(n=119). Follow-up until September 2020,the main research indicator was overall survival(OS), and the secondary research indicator was recurrence-free survival(RFS). The measurement data conforming to the normal distribution adopted the t test,the measurement data not conforming to the normal distribution adopted the Mann-Whitney U test,and the count data adopted the χ2 test. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the cumulative survival rate. The Log-rank test was used for univariate analysis of the cumulative survival rate. Variables with P<0.10 in univariate analysis were included in the Cox proportional hazards model for multivariate analysis. Results: The 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS rate of the 262 patients was 73.4%, 32.1%, and 24.0%, respectively, and the 1-, 3-, and 5-year RFS rate was 54.6%, 25.2%, and 16.2%, respectively. Median OS and RFS were 21 months and 12 months for patients with low prealbumin and 25 months and 19 months for patients with normal prealbumin. The OS rate and RFS rate of patients in the low prealbumin group were lower than those in the normal prealbumin group, and the difference was statistically significant (both P<0.05). The results of univariate analysis indicated that low prealbumin, CA19-9>150 U/L, tumor infiltration length>3 cm, preoperative jaundice, macrovascular invasion, microvascular invasion, lymph node metastasis, and poor differentiation maybe the risk factors of OS,and low prealbumin,tumor invasion length>3 cm,macrovascular invasion, microvascular invasion,lymph node metastasis,and poor differentiation maybe the risk factors of RFS for postoperative for radical resection in patients with HCCA (all P<0.10). Multivariate results suggested that low prealbumin,tumor invasion length>3 cm,microvascular invasion,lymph node metastasis,and poor differentiation were independent risk factors affecting OS and RFS in patients with HCCA after radical operation (all P<0.05). Conclusion: Preoperative prealbumin level can predict the long-term prognosis of patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma following radical surgery.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bile Duct Neoplasms/surgery , Cholangiocarcinoma/surgery , Female , Humans , Klatskin Tumor/surgery , Lymphatic Metastasis , Male , Middle Aged , Prealbumin , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
14.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 79-83, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935583

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the effects of preoperative neoadjuvant chemotherapy and postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy on the long-term survival of patients with radical resection for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Methods: Totally 1 082 patients with stage T3-4aN0-3M0 thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma were recruited in this study who underwent radical resection at Department of Thoracic Surgery, Fourth Hospital, Hebei Medical University from January 2005 to January 2015. There were 798 males and 284 females, with a median age of 61 years (range: 37 to 86 years). There were 138 patients undergoing preoperative neoadjuvant chemotherapy, 392 patients postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy, and 552 patients surgery alone. The neoadjuvant chemotherapy group was used as the benchmark group to match the propensity score with the adjuvant chemotherapy group and the surgery-only group respectively at a ratio of 1∶3. A total of 7 covariates including tumor location, number of positive lymph nodes, tumor invasion depth, tumor differentiation degree, surgical procedure, vascular tumor thrombus and nerve invasion were included, and the caliper value was taken as 0.1. After matching, a total of 699 patients were included for the analysis, including 128 patients in the neoadjuvant chemotherapy group, 267 patients in the adjuvant chemotherapy group, and 304 patients in the surgery alone group. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to generate the survival curves which was tested by the Log-rank method for survival analysis. Results: After matching analysis, the 5-year overall survival rate was 41.5% in the neoadjuvant chemotherapy group with a median overall survival time of 43 months (95%CI: 27 to 59 months), 57.6% in the adjuvant chemotherapy group with a median overall survival time unreached, and 24.9% in the surgery alone group with a median overall survival time of 28 months (95%CI: 25 to 31 months) (χ²=60.475, P<0.01). For overall survival after matching, the adjuvant chemotherapy group was better than the neoadjuvant chemotherapy group (χ²=11.384, P=0.001), the neoadjuvant chemotherapy group was better than the surgery alone group (χ²=8.654, P=0.003), and the adjuvant chemotherapy group was better than surgery alone group (χ²=60.234, P<0.01). Conclusion: Both preoperative neoadjuvant chemotherapy and postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy can improve the long-term survival of patients with locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma undergoing radical resection, and the improvement effect of postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy is more obvious.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Propensity Score , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
15.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1345-1351, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935010

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the effect of 0.02% mitomycin-C(MMC)on the corneal density after transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy(Trans-PRK). METHODS: Retrospective case analysis. Selected 28 patients with 56 eyes in moderate myopia who underwent Trans-PRK surgery from January 2021 to June 2021 in our hospital. They were divided into MMC group in 28 eyes with a combination of 0.02% MMC 20s during the surgery and the control group in 28 eyes was not use MMC during the surgery. The Pentacam anterior segment analyzer was used to measured the corneal density in different diameter ranges and different thickness layers before and after surgery at 14d, and after surgery at 1 and 3mo.RESULTS: The total corneal density value of MMC group was 16.60(15.70,17.10 )before the surgery, after the surgery at 14d was 16.63(15.90,17.50 ), at 1mo was 16.57(15.10,16.70 ), at 3mo was 16.04(14.60,16.60 ). The total corneal density value of control group was 16.30(15.50,17.30 )before the surgery, after the surgery at 14d was 16.20(15.20,17.10 ), at 1mo was 16.08(14.90,16.40 )and at 3mo was 15.60(14.60,16.40 ). In the zone of 0-2mm diameter was centered on the corneal vertex, the corneal density of the two groups at 14d after the surgery was higher than those before surgery(P<0.001 ). In the zone of 2-6mm diameter, the corneal density of the two groups at 1mo and 3mo after surgery was higher than those before the surgery(P<0.001). In the zone of 6-10mm, the corneal density of the two groups at 14d, 1 and 3mo after surgery was higher than those before the surgery(P<0.001). In the layer of anterior 120 μm, the corneal density of the two groups at 1mo and 3mo after the surgery was decreased than that before surgery(P<0.01). In the middle layer, the corneal density of the two groups at 1mo after the surgery was decreased than those before surgery(P<0.01).CONCLUSION:The use of 0.02% MMC during the operation can reduce the corneal density and increase the corneal light transmittance in the early postoperative period. The occurrence and prognosis of haze can be effectively quantified by observing the changes of corneal optical density in different ranges in different time periods after operation.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933462

ABSTRACT

The main purpose of our study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of eltrombopag plus cyclosporine A (CsA) in transfusion-dependent non-severe aplastic anemia(TD-NSAA). The clinical characteristics of 13 TD-NSAA patients who received initial treatment of eltrombopag plus CsA from 2019 to 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The 3-month overall hematological response (OR) rate was 12/13. Until the end of follow-up, 12 patients responded, among whom 2 patients reached complete response (CR) and 9 patients reached partial response (PR) and 1 with HR. Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) developed in one patient at 6 months after treatment. Five of thirteen patients reported mild adverse reactions, which were all manageable. Compared with historical data, the combination of eltrombopag with CsA is an effective regimen in patients with TD-NSAA.

17.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 428-432, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933099

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the therapeutic effects of ultrasound-guided pigtail drainage under thoracoscopy in elderly patients with tuberculous pleural effusion.Methods:Elderly patients with tuberculous pleural effusion treated at Zhengzhou Sixth People's Hospital between April 2018 and May 2020 were selected.With a method using odd and even numbers, 100 elderly patients with tuberculous pleural effusion were randomly divided into a study group(odd numbers)and a conventional treatment group(even numbers), with 50 cases in each group.All patients received ultrasound-guided thoracoscopy to remove pleural effusion.The conventional treatment group received regular thoracic drainage catheters and the study group received pigtail catheters for drainage.Drainage was stopped after the patient was extubated.The levels of programmed cell death 1(PD-1), programmed death-ligand 1(PD-L1)and PD-1/PD-L1 in peripheral blood were detected and compared before and after catheterization; Values of clinical indicators including drainage volume, catheter retention time, length of hospitalization and complications during catheter drainage for the two groups were recorded.Results:After extubation, the levels of PD-1, PD-L1 and PD-1/PD-L1 in peripheral blood for both groups decreased, compared with pre-catheterization levels, with the study group having lower levels[(31.95±10.41)ng/L, (26.14±1.03)ng/L, (1.22±0.12)ng/L]than the conventional treatment group[(43.31±12.03)ng/L, (30.62±1.57)ng/L, (1.41±0.63)ng/L]( t=5.049, 16.871, 2.095, P<0.001, 0.039).The study group had a catheter retention time of(15.43±3.12)d and a length of hospitalization of(7.36±2.95)d, shorter than(11.32±3.87)d and(22.15±6.98)d in the conventional treatment group( t=5.754, 6.215, both P<0.001), but there was no statistical significant difference in drainage volume between the two groups( P>0.05).The incidence of drainage catheter falling out and catheter obstruction in the study group was lower than in the conventional treatment group[2.00%(1/50) vs.16.00%(8/50), 0.00%(0/50) vs.18.00%(9/50)]( χ2=4.396, 7.814, P=0.036, 0.005), and there was no statistical significant difference in the incidence of mediastinal shifting, subcutaneous emphysema, intrathoracic infections or hemothorax between the two groups(all P>0.05). Conclusions:Thoracoscopic ultrasound-guided pigtail catheter drainage for the treatment of elderly patients with tuberculous pleural effusion is clearly effective and may help to reduce the level of PD-1/PD-L1 in peripheral blood, shorten the time of catheter drainage and decrease some complications for patients.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932368

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of bilateral thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) on left ventricular myocardial work using pressure-strain loop(PSL) in patients before off-pump coronary artery bypass graft(OPCABG).Methods:A total of 24 patients with coronary heart disease undergoing selective OPCABG were recruited in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from May to August 2021. All patients underwent ultrasound-guided TPVB preoperatively. Left ventricular global work, including global longitudinal strain(GLS), global work index(GWI), global constructive work(GCW), global waste work(GWW), global work efficiency(GWE), and regional work, including myocardial work index(MWI), myocardial work efficiency(MWE) were observed before TPVB and 20 minutes after TPVB.Results:The parameters of heart rate and left ventricular outflow tract blood flow were decreased [(69.13±10.72)bpm vs (65.46±9.66)bpm, P=0.010; (13.86±2.83)ml vs (12.72±2.60)ml, P=0.017]. The MWI in regional segments of hypokinesis and akinesis were significantly improved [hypokinesis: (1 175.76±206.64)mmHg% vs (1 349.38±462.35)mmHg%, P=0.004; akinesis: (684.94±251.39)mmHg% vs (965.35±384.33)mmHg%, P=0.001] and the MWE in regional segments of hypokinesis and akinesis were improved [hypokinesis: (87.79±7.46)% vs (90.35±6.39)%, P=0.029; akinesis: (70.24±18.03)% vs (80.15±16.65)%, P=0.021]. There were no significant changes in MWI, MWE, LVEF, GLS, GWI, GCW, GWW and GWE(all P>0.05). Conclusions:Based on PSL, the changes of left ventricular work in patients with OPCABG before and after TPVB show that TPVB can improve the blood supply of the ischemic myocardium, which provides a reliable basis for optimizing the perioperative anesthesia management.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931896

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the difference of gray matter volume between anxious depression(AD)and non anxious depression(NAD) patients, and its correlation with clinical characteristics.Methods:One hundred and fifty patients with depression were included from September 2014 to October 2018, meanwhile 62 healthy controls with matching demographic characteristic were recruited. The severity of the patients was assessed by Hamilton depression scale-17(HAMD-17). Patients were divided into anxious depression group(AD group, n=80)and non-anxious depression group (NAD group, n=70) according to whether anxiety/somatization factor scored 7. All subjects were scanned with 3.0 T underwent structural MRI scan. The structural magnetic resonance data were preprocessed by voxel-based morphometry (VBM). The rest toolkit was used to calculate the difference of gray matter volume among the three groups. By SPSS 19.0, post-hoc t test was used for pairwise comparison and Pearson correlation analysis was performed between gray matter volume and clinical factors in patients with anxious depression. Results:Compared to the NAD group, the gray matter volume of the right middle frontal gyrus(MNI: x=28.5, y=21.0, z=48.0, t=-4.83, Bonferroni multiple comparison adjustment, P<0.05/3) and left dorsolateral superior frontal gyrus(MNI: x=-18.0, y=27.0, z=43.5, t=-6.08, Bonferroni multiple comparison correction, P<0.05/3)were significantly decreased in AD group. Correlation analysis found that the gray matter volume of the right middle frontal gyrus in patients with anxious depression was negatively correlated with the insight of anxiety/somatization factor score ( r=-0.36, P=0.001). Conclusion:The volume of prefrontal lobe in patients with anxiety depression is lower than that in patients with non anxiety depression, which may be related to the serious clinical symptoms in patients with anxiety depression.The decrease of right middle frontal gyrus volume can be used as a potential biological marker for the severity of impaired insight.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931691

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of a perioperative whole course composite thermal insulation strategy on complications of cesarean section, maternal coagulation function and serum inflammatory indexes.Methods:A total of 250 pregnant women who were subjected to cesarean section in Zhoushan Hospital between June 2020 and August 2021 were included in this study. The 125 pregnant women who gave birth using a routine simple thermal insulation strategy from June to November 2020 were assigned to the routine simple thermal insulation group, and those who gave birth using a perioperative whole course composite thermal insulation strategy were assigned to whole course composite thermal insulation group. Two groups of pregnant women underwent cesarean section under subarachnoid block. Volume of intraoperative blood loss was recorded. The incidence of complications such as shivering and postoperative infection was calculated. Platelet count, prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, thrombin time measured before surgery and 48 hours after surgery were compared between the two groups. Peripheral blood white blood cell count, neutrophil count (N%), C-reactive protein, procalcitonin, interleukin-6 measured 48 hours after surgery were compared between the two groups.Results:Volume of intraoperative blood loss in the whole course composite thermal insulation group was significantly lower than that in the routine simple thermal insulation group [(393.84 ± 79.78) mL vs. (434.80 ± 123.49) mL, t = 3.11, P < 0.05). The incidence of shivering and postoperative infection in the whole course composite thermal insulation group was 10.4% (13/125) and 7.2% (9/125), respectively, which was significantly lower than that in the routine simple thermal insulation group [25.6% (32/125), 18.4% (23/125), χ 2 = 9.78, 7.02, both P < 0.05]. At 48 hours after surgery, prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, thrombin time in the whole course composite thermal insulation group were (10.28 ± 0.48) seconds, (26.97 ± 2.27) seconds, and (14.09 ± 1.36) seconds, respectively, which were significantly shorter than those in the routine simple thermal insulation group [(11.71 ± 0.27) seconds, (27.96 ± 2.25) seconds, (15.91 ± 1.09) seconds, t = 7.34, 3.43, 11.66, all P < 0.05]. At 48 hours after surgery, white blood cell count, neutrophil count, C-reactive protein, procalcitonin, and interleukin-6 in the whole course composite thermal insulation group were (10.38 ± 2.38) ×10 9/L,(0.79 ± 0.06), (52.79 ± 20.73) mg/L, (0.13±0.42) μg/L, and (55.73 ± 24.38) ng/L, respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the routine simple thermal insulation group [(12.24 ± 7.05) × 10 9/L, 0.81 ± 0.05, (65.38 ± 25.92) mg/L, (0.20 ± 0.97) μg/L, (76.22 ± 39.08) ng/L, t = 2.79, 2.92, 4.24, 8.12, 4.97, all P < 0.05]. Conclusion:Perioperative whole course composite thermal insulation strategy can improve the coagulation function of pregnant women who are subjected to cesarean section under subarachnoid block, reduce volume of intraoperative blood loss, and decrease incidence of shivering, inflammatory reaction, and postoperative infection.

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