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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921748

ABSTRACT

This Radix study cum aims Melle to explore(HRPM)the on efficacy spleen differences deficiency between syndrome.modeling Astragali A Radix of Praeparata110cum rats Melle were(ARPM)randomized fatigue),and into rats Hedysari a Praeparata(n qi total irregular HRPM male diet,SD diarrhea,control were(n Yiqi=10)the=100).Pill group fied and model a modeling group,group Buzhong After(BYP)(through ARPM and the HRPM-H),classimedium-dose into(ARPM-M raised group,and high-dose(ARPM-H each and Rats BYP and under HRPM-M),normal and low-dose and(ARPM-L in and group HRPM-L)were groups,continuously10rats induced.were in group.the in group the were18.9,control given group were g·kg~(-1)conditions while those the the model Rats respectively in18.912.6,BYP kg~(-1)water extract,decoction those in ARPM/HRPM-H,the-M,dosage lasted and of-L groups treated the with control and model6.3group g·rewere motilin determined m L·kg~(-1)·day~(-1).days.of dose Spleen ARPM/HRPM of in water.morning,The at the10Rats spleen in index group thymus and index ceived equal calculated.(MTL),distilled tissue administration to15observe Then the and Routine of each group D-xylose,were was(IL-2),the subjected HE stainingγ(IFN-γ),lower to the pathological changes.(IgA),blood gastric indexes,mucosa index,interleukin-2group.interferon group immunoglobulin of A and spleen pepsin index,of in Ig A,IL-2spleen IFN-γ,control each MTL,levels Rats pepsin the in model(P<0.01),had higher levels routine(P<0.01),blood and indexes,more thymus lesions D-xylose,the and in index,level decreased HRPM-L of IL-2severe compared spleen with than the those model in group.thymus group.that(P<0.05group,P<0.01)index administration thymus groups Ig A or spleen as that and in spleen routine Except index,spleen the Ig A,index,group and were in in ARPM-M model group,group,index,indexes,P<0.01)and thymus MTL index,those in ARPM-L insignificantly Ig A,different pepsin from other those in the the blood index,compared IFN-γ,group,(P<0.05The D-xylose,model MTL,spleen and lesions high-dose in each administration administration groups group increased relieved.blood or comparison as of with HRPM in as the folARPM and the effect in and were white and result than ARPM and is of lows:(P stronger<0.05),of medium-dose high-dose HRPM HRPM on IL-2cell high-dose of(WBC)and count medium-dose the HRPM and corresponding doses than IFN-γmore ARPM the obvious effect(P<0.05of on evident(P<0.05of impact P<0.01),on low-dose between the on corresponD-xylose P<0.01),doses ding MTL doses than Meanwhile,in of or more high-dose,and medium-dose,difference HRPM the and indexes.corresponding there of ARPM in or IL-2no levels in the HRPM-L effect and two groups,on but conclusion,other the both functions IFN-γwas group no was difference more the than recovery that of the and ARPM-H between(IL-2,P<0.01;ARPM-L recovery HRPM the IFN-γ,P<0.05).HRPM-H and obvious therapeutic in rats group qi In ARPM dose have are certain equivalent,effects on with spleen function deficiency.the Specifically,is the better difference immunomodulatory of two at g·low kg~(-1).and but the promote immunomodulatory the of former rats significantly ARPM.than that between of the later two at in the dose>18.9HRPM promotion can of better digestion digestion absorption and may absorption due of than The immunoregulation and be to the difference in clinical medication.


Subject(s)
Animals , Astragalus Plant , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Plant Roots , Rats , Spleen
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2619-2628, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921210

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Microribose nucleic acids (miRNAs) are implicated in the progression of lung adenocarcinoma. MicroRNA-345-5p (miR-345-5p) is a recently identified anti-oncogene in some human cancers, but its functional role and possible molecular mechanism in lung adenocarcinoma remain unknown. This study aimed to identify the biological function and underlying mechanism of miR-345-5p in lung adenocarcinoma cells.@*METHODS@#In this study, lung adenocarcinoma tissues and adjacent tissues were collected in the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University between April 2016 and February 2017. The expression of miR-345-5p and ras homolog family member A (RhoA) in lung adenocarcinoma tissues and human lung adenocarcinoma cell lines (A549, H1650, PC-9, and H441) was detected by reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis. Functional assays including colony formation, flow cytometry analysis, wound healing, and transwell assays were performed to assess the proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion of lung adenocarcinoma cells. In addition, RNA pulldown and luciferase reporter assays were conducted to evaluate the relationship between miR-345-5p and RhoA. Difference between the two groups was analyzed with Student's t test, while that among multiple groups was analyzed with one-way analysis of variance.@*RESULTS@#MiR-345-5p expression displayed lower level in lung adenocarcinoma tissues (0.241 ± 0.095 vs.1.000 ± 0.233, t = 19.247, P < 0.001) and cell lines (F = 56.992, P < 0.001) than control tissues and cells. Functional experiments demonstrated that upregulation of miR-345-5p inhibited the malignant phenotypes of lung adenocarcinoma cells via suppressing cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and facilitating cell apoptosis. Additionally, RhoA was verified to be the downstream target of miR-345-5p. Expression of RhoA was downregulated by overexpression of miR-345-5p in PC-9 (0.321 ± 0.047 vs. 1.000 ± 0.127, t = 8.536, P < 0.001) and H1650 (0.398 ± 0.054 vs. 1.000 ± 0.156, t = 4.429, P = 0.011) cells. Rescue assays revealed that overexpression of RhoA rescued the suppressive effects of miR-345-5p upregulation on proliferation, migration, and invasion of lung adenocarcinoma cells. Further, miR-345-5p was found to regulate the Rho/Rho-associated protein kinase (ROCK) signaling pathway by downregulation of RhoA in lung adenocarcinoma cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#MiR-345-5p plays a tumor suppressor role in lung adenocarcinoma cells by downregulating RhoA to inactivate the Rho/ROCK pathway.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma of Lung/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Up-Regulation/genetics , rho-Associated Kinases/genetics , rhoA GTP-Binding Protein/genetics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887939

ABSTRACT

Astragali Radix is one of the most commonly used medicinal materials. In recent years, its cultivated varieties and a variety of adulterants have flooded the market, which makes its quality uneven, and the development of quality control methods has become a research hotspot. Therefore, figuring out the quality markers of Astragali Radix is of great significance for its comprehensive evaluation. In this study, the fingerprints of 15 batches of Astragali Radix were established by HPLC, and the main components causing intergroup differences were screened out by PLS-DA. On the basis of literature review and network pharmacology analysis, the targets and pathways of active ingredients were obtained from SwissTargetPrediction, PubChem Compound and other databases, and then the "component-target-pathway" network was constructed with Cytoscape 3.7.1 for the prediction of potential quality markers. Twenty-eight common peaks were identified in the established fingerprint, and three differential components were selected as potential quality markers for Astragali Radix, which were astragaloside Ⅳ, calycosin-7-O-β-D-glucoside and ononin. The proposed method based on HPLC fingerprint of Astragali Radix is convenient and feasible, facilitating the improvement in its quality control.


Subject(s)
Astragalus Plant , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Plant Roots , Quality Control
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846343

ABSTRACT

Sini Powder is the traditional Chinese medicine compound, which comes from Treatise on Febrile Diseases. It is used to treat the syndrome of yang depression and reversal cold of limbs. Sini Powder has a certain effect on treating insomnia caused by liver depression and spleen deficiency. Lots of researches have shown that Sini Powder has a sedative and hypnotic effect similar to diazepam and plays an important role in improving sleep disorders caused by post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Sini Powder is not included in Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2015 edition). It is probably to develop Sini Powder into a new drug for the clinic. We collated and summarized the literature about the sedative and hypnotic effect and the improvement of sleep disorders caused by PTSD of Sini Powder. Based on the modern research on the sedative and hypnotic effect of Sini Powder, we think the effect of "relieve uneasiness of mind and body tranquilization" adapts the theory of traditional Chinese medicine, so that it can improve the applied range of Sini Powder. Meanwhile, we analyzed the possibility of Sini Powder being selected into the ancient classical prescription and key problem in research and development on drug preparation of Sini Powder according to regulations of traditional Chinese medicine. Then we put forward some suggestions for further research from two aspects which are the development of Sini Powder and new drugs of traditional Chinese medicine, to provide a reference for the development of new Chinese medicine preparation of Sini Powder focus on "expelling pathogen and relieving depression, soothing liver and regulating spleen, tranquilizing mind".

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-850959

ABSTRACT

Paeoniflorin is the main effective component of Paeoniae lactiflora and Paeonia suffruticosa. A large number of studies have proven that paeoniflorin has many pharmacological effects, such as anti-depression, anti-inflammation, analgesia, anti-tumor, liver protection, nerve protection, sedation and hypnosis, immunomodulation and so on. It has little toxic and side effects and has been highly concerned by people. At present, paeoniflorin is rarely used in clinical practice in the form of monomers. This article mainly refers to the related research literatures on paeoniflorin pharmacological action in recent three years, combs and summarizes the new progress of its pharmacological action research. The relationship between the drug effect and the prescription of traditional Chinese medicine was discussed, in order to provide a reference for further development and clinical application of paeoniflorin.

6.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 1541-1546, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-858206

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To prepare Gd-DOTA-E-2 targeted contrast agent and evaluate its relaxation properties, cytotoxicity and targeting. METHODS: E-2 was synthesized by F-moc solid phase method, covalently bonded with chelating agent DOTA, meanwhile ultilizing chelating ligand Gd3+ to prepare MRI contrast agent Gd-DOTA-E-2. The structure was characterized by ESI-MS and NMR, and the properties were evaluated by relaxation properties, MTT and mouse MRI contrast assay. RESULTS: ESI-MS and NMR RESULTS showed that Gd-DOTA-E-2 was synthesized successfully, and its relaxation efficiency(k=9.551 mmol-1•L•s-1) is 1.84 times more efficient than a commercially available contrast agent of Gd-DOTA; MTT RESULTS showed that the toxicity of Gd-DOTA-E-2 cell is lower than that of Gd-DOTA; the experimental RESULTS in MRI angiography showed that Gd-DOTA-E-2 is possessing of targeting and can image clearly. CONCLUSION: Gd-DOTA-E-2 is a kind of MRI contrast agent with good stability, low cytotoxicity and targeted properties in vivo,which is valuable in research and application.

7.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 409-413, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689742

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is one of the most common genetic renal diseases, which may cause oligoasthenospermia and azoospermia and result in male infertility. This study aimed to analyze the outcomes of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) in male patients with ADPKD-induced infertility.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data on 7 male patients with ADPKD-induced infertility undergoing PGD from April 2015 to February 2017, including 6 cases of oligoasthenospermia and 1 case of obstructive azoospermia, all with the PKD1 gene heterozygous mutations. Following intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), we performed blastomere biopsy after 5 or 6 days of embryo culture and subjected the blastomeres to Sureplex whole-genome amplification, followed by haplotype linkage analysis, Sanger sequencing, array-based comparative genomic hybridization to assess the chromosomal ploidy of the unaffected embryos, and identification of the unaffected euploid embryos for transfer.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>One PGD cycle was completed for each of the 7 patients. Totally, 26 blastocysts were developed, of which 12 were unaffected and diploid. Clinical pregnancies were achieved in 6 cases following 7 cycles of frozen embryo transplantation, which included 5 live births and 1 spontaneous abortion.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>For males with ADPKD-induced infertility, PGD may contribute to high rates of clinical pregnancy and live birth and prevent ADPKD in the offspring as well. This finding is also meaningful for the ADPKD patients with normal fertility.</p>


Subject(s)
Abortion, Spontaneous , Genetics , Biopsy , Blastocyst , Comparative Genomic Hybridization , Embryo Transfer , Female , Humans , Infertility, Male , Genetics , Male , Mutation , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Dominant , Diagnosis , Genetics , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome , Preimplantation Diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709847

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block with dexmedetomidine mixed with ropivacaine for postoperative analgesia in pediatric patients.Methods Forty American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ patients of both sexes,aged 1-4 yr,weighing 8-22 kg,scheduled for elective unilateral herniorrhaphy,were assigned into 2 groups (n=20 each) using a random number table method:ropivacaine group (group R) and dexmedetomidine mixed with ropivacaine group (group DR).TAP block was performed at the end of operation under ultrasound guidance,0.125% ropivacaine 1 ml/kg was injected in group R and 0.075% ropivacaine plus 1 μg/kg dexmedetomidine was injected in group DR.A dose of morphine 0.05 mg/kg was intravenously injected when Face Legs Activity Cry Consolability score ≥4.The duration of postoperative analgesia and consumption of morphine within 24 h after operation were recorded.The development of nausea and vomiting,bradycardia,hypotension,respiratory depression,over-sedation and TAP block-related complications (hematoma or infection at puncture site,peritoneal puncture,local anesthetic toxicity) within 24 h after operation were recorded.Results Compared with group R,the consumption of postoperative morphine within 24 h after operation was significantly reduced,and the duration of postoperative analgesia was prolonged in group DR (P <0.05).No hypotension,over-sedation or TAP block-related complications were found in two groups.There was no significant difference in the incidence of nausea and vomiting,respiratory depression or bradycardia after operation between two groups (P>0.05).Conclusion Dexmedetomidine combined with ropivacaine provides better postoperative analgesic efficacy than ropivacaine alone when used for TAP block in pediatric patients.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743053

ABSTRACT

C-C chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5), one of the major co-receptors of HIV-1, can mediate the fusion of HIV-1 to cell membranes. CCR5 antagonists can bind to CCR5 and cause conformational changes in CCR5, thus blocking HIV-1 infection. Several small molecule CCR5 antagonists with strong activity and good tolerance have been screened and entered the clinical trials. With the widespread use of CCR5 antagonists, drug resistance has gradually emerged. There are many reports about of drug-related failure in vivo and in vitro. Therefore, this review summarizes the mechanism of CCR5-mediated HIV-1 infection, the research progress in maraviroc and other CCR5 antagonists which have entered clinical trials and their drug resistance.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667989

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Due to special physiological characteristics, articular infection is difficult to be cured successfully. Early diagnosis is critical for the treatment of articular infection, thereafter, searching for a biomarker with high sensitivity and specificity is necessary.OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the value of procalcitonin for diagnosing joint infection in adult.METHODS: A computer-based online research was performed for the literature in PubMed, EMbase, the Cochrane Library and CNKI databases from 1990 to June 2017. Literature screening and data extraction were conducted by two reviewers independently according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The risk of bias of included studies was assessed by using the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies-2. Meta-analysis was then performed using Stata 14.0 software. The pooled weighted sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio, negative likelihood ratio and diagnostic odds ratio were calculated; the summary receiver operating characteristic curve was drawn and the area under the curve was calculated.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) A total of 10 studies were included, involving 893 patients. (2) The pooled weighted sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio, negative likelihood ratio and diagnostic odds ratio of procalcitonin diagnosing joint infection were 0.82 (95%CI=0.72-0.89), 0.89 (95%CI=0.82-0.93), 7.20 (95%CI=4.6-11.3), 0.20 (95%CI=0.13-0.32), 35 (95%CI=18-71) and 0.92 (95%CI=0.90-0.94), respectively. (3) To conclude, procalcitonin exhibits more diagnostic efficiency for assessing articular infection in adults.

11.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 468-472, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812739

ABSTRACT

Pluripotent stem cells (PSCs), including embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), have the potential of differentiating into all types of adult cells. Today, mature functional sperm can be derived from mouse PSCs in vitro, and meanwhile primordial germ cells (PGCs) and meiotic prophase sperm cells can be generated from human ESCs/iPSCs (hESCs/hiPSCs). It is proposed that non-genetic azoospermia might be cured if functional sperm could be obtained from human PSCs (hPSCs) in vitro. It is also possible that healthy functional sperm could be derived from the patient with genetic factor-induced azoospermia by combining iPSCs and gene editing technology. IPSC-derived functional sperm have a higher clinical value for the avoidance of the sperm source and the issue of medical ethics. This article summarizes recent advances in the differentiation of PSCs into male germ cells in vitro, aiming to provide some reference for the treatment of male infertility with PSCs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Embryonic Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Humans , Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Infertility, Male , Therapeutics , Male , Meiosis , Mice , Pluripotent Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Spermatozoa , Cell Biology
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502188

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the peer assisted learning approach combined with micro-teaching in anesthesia internship for oversea students.Methods 60 international medical students were randomly divided into two groups.Students in the control group have peer guidance before routine theatre observation,while students in experimental group discuss micro-teaching of anesthetic skills with each other by watching real time videos from smart phone.Students' subjective attitudes to new approach were evaluated and their final exam score were analyzed.SPSS 1 1.0 was used for data processing and the data was made descriptive analysis,t test and analysis of variance.Results Students in experimental group did better in both theory exam (46.8 ± 4.03) vs.(35.7 ±6.12) and practice exam (35.2 ± 3.20) vs.(27.6± 4.71) than those in control group,and the total scores of two groups were (80.5 ± 7.40) and (63.1 ± 6.81) respectively.These scores all had significant difference between two groups.More students from experimental group than those from control group feel interested in anesthesiology (P<0.01) and feel confident about exams (P<0.05);There was no difference between two groups in understanding clinical guideline (P=0.57).Conclusion Peer assisted learning combined with micro-teaching is proved to enhance the quality of anesthesia teaching during internship for oversea undergraduates.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820648

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the function of cytokines, chemokines, and regulatory T cells (Tregs) in the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in children.@*METHODS@#A total of 35 children with T1DM and 30 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. Levels of serum cytokines (IL-1α, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12, and TNF-α) and chemokines (MIP-1α, MIP-1α and MCP-1) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated and culture supernatant of phytohaemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated PBMCs was subjected to ELISA for levels of cytokines (IL-1α, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12 and TNF-α) in T1DM and control group. Furthermore, flow cytometry was used to determine the percentage of Tregs in PBMCs of two groups.@*RESULTS@#Levels of serum cytokines including IL-1α, IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α as well as chemokines, such as MIP-1α and MIP-1α in children with T1DM children were significantly higher than those in healthy controls (P<0.05, respectively). PBMCs with PHA stimulation in T1DM group secreted more IL-1α and TNF-α (P<0.05, respectively), but less IL-10 (P<0.05), as compared with control group. Furthermore, the proportion of CD4(+), CD25(+), Foxp3(+), Tregs in PBMCs isolated from children with T1DM was obviously lower than those in healthy controls (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Immune dysfunction, with upregulation of inflammatory factors such as IL-1α, IL-6, TNF-α and MIP-1α, downregulation of IL-10 and Tregs, plays an important role in the pathogenesis of T1DM in children.

14.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 273-275, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-643143

ABSTRACT

Objective To find out the iodine nutritional status and thyroid function of pregnant and lactating women in the urban areas of Wuwei City of Gansu Province,and to provide a scientific basis for iodine supplementation.Methods Blood and urine samples of pregnant (52 persons) and lactating women (59 persons) were collected in 2009.Urinary iodine content was measured with arsenic cerium catalytic spectrophotometric.Serum free three triiodothyronine(FT3),free thyroid hormone(FT4),triiodo thyronine(TT3),serum total thyroxine (TT4) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) were detected with direct chemiluminescence immunoassay.Results The medians urinary iodine of pregnant and lactating women were 274.68,217.88 μg/L.The rates of low urinary iodine (pregnant women below 150 μg/L,lactating women lower than 100 μg/L) were 9.62% (5/52) and 6.78% (4/59).Serum TT3,TT4 levels in pregnant women[(2.48 ± 0.59),(132.18 ± 33.36)nmoL/L] were higher than that in the lactating women[(2.16 ± 0.49),(108.79 ± 28.36)nmol/L,t =-3.123,-3.971,all P < 0.05].Thyroid dysfunction incidence rates of pregnant and lactating women were 17.31% (9/52) and 8.47% (5/59).Thyroid dysfunction was mostly subclinical hypothyroidism.Conclusions Overall iodine nutrition of pregnant and lactating women is in good condition,some individuals have the trend of hypothyroidism.It is necessary to carry out routine monitoring of urinary iodine and thyroid function.

15.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 220-223, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642406

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of health education on the target population of iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) in Linxia Hui autonomous prefecture.Methods During 2006-2010,IDD health education was carried out in the target population of Linxia Hui autonomous prefecture,and IDD knowledge of 5th grade pupil and 20-50 years old child-bearing women were surveyed by stratified sampling and questionnaire survey methods to evaluate the effect of health education.Results After health education,IDD knowledge passing rate rose from 55.6% (548/986) and 18.0%(118/657) to 90.0%(1103/1225) and 86.2%(687/797) among pupils and women,respectively.The awareness rates of iodine deficiency in causing goiter,mental retardation and birth born silly children,and the key role of iodized salt in controling IDD were increased from 79.2% (781/986),76.5% (754/986),51.7% (510/986) and 82.3% (811/986) to 88.8% (1088/1225),85.6% (1049/1225),68.7% (842/1225) and 90.0% (1103/1225) among pupils,and from 48.6% (319/657),28.3% (186/657),15.4% (101/657) and 39.6% (260/657) to 86.2% (687/797),70.0% (558/797),46.3% (369/797) and 87.3% (696/797) among women,and all the difference were significant,respectively.Belief rate held by students that health education can prevent iodine deficiency disorders was 87.3% (1069/1225),and 52.9% (648/1225) of the students told their parents about IDD.The rate of consciously purchase of qualified iodized salt was 87.1% (694/797) after health education among women of childbearing age,and the consumption rate of iodized salt was 64.6%(515/797).More than 90% of the people in relevant departments knew iodine deficiency disorders related knowledge,in particular,had a clear understanding of intellectual hazards caused by iodine deficiency,and actively supported and participated in health education in the prevention and control of iodine deficiency disorders.Conclusions Comprehensive health education measures taken through schools and religious organizations has promoted a shift in the behavior,beliefs and attitudes of its consciously purchase and consumption of iodized salt,and integrated knowledge,attitude and practice (KAP).It is a good model of health education through religious organizations in ethnic minority areas.It has promoted the health education feasibility and accessibility,and the effect is more durable.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271365

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To verify efficacy of moxibustion apparatus on pulmonary tuberculosis (PT) and explore adjuvant treatment method for PT.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred cases of PT were randomly divided into a moxibustion group and a routine treatment group, 50 cases in each one. The regular antituberculous therapy (2HRZE/4HRE) was applied in both groups. In addition, the moxibustion apparatus was used at Bailao (EX-HN 15), Feishu (BL 13), Gaohuang (BL 43), Qihai (CV 6), Zhongfu (LU 1), Danzhong (CV 17), Guanyuan (CV 4), Zusanli (ST 36) and so on in the moxibustion group. The change of lesion area in chest radiography, degradation rate of bacte rium in the sputum, T-lymphocyte subsets and natural kill (NK) cells were observed before and after treatment in two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After the treatment for 3 months, there were 45 cases (90.0%) in the moxibustion group with more than 45% of focal absorption in chest radiography, which was obviously higher than 72.0% (36/50) in the routine treatment group (P < 0.01). The degradation rate of bacterium in the sputum in the moxibustion group was higher than that in the routine treatment group [82.0% (41/50) vs 60.0% (30/50), P < 0.01]. The CD3+, CD4+/CD8+ ratio of T-lymphocyte subsets and NK cells in the moxibustion group were significantly higher than those in the routine treatment group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>On the basis of regular antituberculous therapy, moxibustion apparatus could significantly improve clinical effect, promote focal absorption and boost immunity, which is considered as an adjuvant treatment for PT.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Moxibustion , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , Allergy and Immunology , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutics , Young Adult
17.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 1082-1086, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267984

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the sperm DNA fragmentation index (DFI) and sperm malformation rate (SMR) before intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and their impact on the clinical outcome of ICSI.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This study included 79 cycles of ICSI because of oligoasthenozoospermia. We detected the sperm concentration, percentage of progressively motile sperm, DFI and SMR at 3 to 6 months before ICSI, and analyzed the relationship of DFI and SMR with the outcome parameters.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 79 oligoasthenozoospermia cases, DFI was found to be normal (< or = 25%) in 51 and abnormal (> 25%) in the other 28, significantly increased in the latter (14.18% vs 41.47%), and coincidently, SMR, too, was normal (< or = 96%) in 51 cases and abnormal (> 96%) in 28, significantly higher in the abnormal than in the normal cases (87.88% vs 98.46%). There were no significant differences between the normal and abnormal DFI groups in age, females'BMI, number of oocytes retrieved, and number of embryos transferred, nor between the normal and abnormal SMR groups in the number of fertilized oocytes and quality embryos, biochemical pregnancy, clinical pregnancy, and early pregnancy loss. Sperm DFI was significantly positively correlated with SMR (r = 0.231, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ICSI may reduce the rates of biochemical pregnancy and clinical pregnancy for men with increased sperm DFI (> 25%) and SMR (> 96%) by strict detection criteria, but with no statistically significant difference from normal males. Our findings need to be supported by further studies with larger sample sizes.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Chromatin , DNA Fragmentation , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Rate , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic , Spermatozoa , Pathology , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-426138

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo assessment the value of strain ratio(SR) in differentiating benign and malignant breast lesions of BI-RADS Ⅳ diagnosed by conventional ultrasound.MethodsElastosonography was performed on 64 patients with breast lesions of BI-RADS Ⅳ diagnosed by conventional ultrasound.SR (strainnormal neighboring tissues /strainbreast lesion) was calculated by the software equipped with the ultrasonic machine.Pathology of the lesions after biopsy or operation was considered as standard,SRs of benign and malignant breast lesions were compared with independent-samples t test.The diagnostic value of SR was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis.Results SRs of 34 benign breast lesions and 30 malignant breast lesions were 2.85 ± 1.30 and 5.03 ± 2.50 respectively,there was significant difference between them( t =- 4.29,P =0.000).Area under the curve of diagnosing benign and malignant of breast lesions was 0.875 for SR( P <0.0001).If the cut-off point of SR was 3.26,the sensitivity in differentiating breast lesions was 83.33%,while the specificity was 82.35%.Conclusions SR is a helpful elasticity parameter for differentiating benign and malignant breast lesions of BI-RADS Ⅳ diagnosed by conventional ultrasound.

19.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 917-920, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289613

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the improvement of intelligence quotient through an Universal Salt Iodization Supply Program,among children.Methods 3518 and 1611 children were selected from primary schools in Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture of Gansu in 2006 and 2010respectively.Intelligence quotient (IQ) were measured by the revised Chinese Combined Raven Test C2 (CRT-C2).Results In 2006,the average IQ of children aged 8-10 was 85.1,including 16.7% of them with IQ≤69.The average IQ was between 80-90 in different counties and cities,with significant differences (P<0.05).The average IQs were 92.0,90.6 and 81.8 among 8,9 and 10 years old children respectively with 10 year old' s low than those 8 and 9 year olds (P<0.05).The average IQs of boys and girls were 84.5 and 85.6,but with no significant difference (P >0.05).The average IQ of children aged 8-10 in 2010 was 97.2 and 12 points higher than in 2006 (P<0.05),but 8 IQ points (P<0.05) less than the average level 105 from the overall of Gansu province.4.7% of the children having an IQ≤69.IQ of children from Linxia city and Yongjing county,were up to the theoretical level of 100,with an average IQ at around 95 in other counties.The average IQs between counties or cities showed significant differences.The IQ of 8,9 year olds and 10 year olds did not present significant difference (P>0.05),but in boys (98.8) and in girls (95.9) the difference was significant (P<0.05).Conclusion The average IQ was close to the theoretical level (100) with the gradual implementation of universal salt iodization program,showing that the iodized salt did play a key role on children's intelligence.However,the average IQ was still lower than the average level of the whole Gansu province in 2010.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-326628

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of using Compound Danshen Injection (CDI) and low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) on early severe preeclampsia women.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Retrospective analysis was carried out in 95 patients with early severe preeclampsia from October 2008 to January 2011. They were assigned to 3 groups based on anticoagulant drugs. The routine therapy of magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) was given to the MgSO4 group (40 cases); the MgSO4 + CDI was given to those in the CDI group (23 cases), the MgSO4 + LMWH group was given to those in the LMWH group (32 cases). The general data of all patients were collected to analyze their effects on labor, postpartum hemorrhage, reasons for terminating the pregnancy, and maternal complications.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) The average gestational week (weeks) of terminating the pregnancy was 31.7 +/- 1.9 in the MgSO4 group, 33.0 +/- 1.8 in the CDI group, and 32.8 +/- 1.7 in the LMWH group. The average weight of newborn babies (g) was 1 450.5 +/- 402.3 in the MgSO4 group, 1 582.2 +/- 332.5 in the CDI group, and 1 590.0 +/- 340.1 in the LMWH group. There was no obviously difference in the average gestational weeks or the average weight of newborn babies among the three groups. (2) The way of terminating the pregnancy was uterine-incision delivery. The main reasons for operation were sequenced as maternal complications, unsatisfied control of the blood pressure, and fetal distress. (3) The maternal complications in the three groups were sequenced as renal failure (12 cases), placental abruption (9 cases), hemolysis, increased liver enzymes and low platelet (HELLP) syndrome (8 cases). Sixteen (40.0%) had complications in the MgSO4 group, 12 (52.2%) in the CDI group, and 15 (46.9%) in the LMWH group. No statistic difference existed among the 3 groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>LMWH and CDI were helpful to improving the therapeutic effects of severe preeclampsia patients. They did not increase adverse drug reactions. They seemingly had effects on prolonging the gestational week.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Magnesium Sulfate , Therapeutic Uses , Phenanthrolines , Therapeutic Uses , Pre-Eclampsia , Drug Therapy , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome , Retrospective Studies
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