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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862743

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the correlation of plasma homocysteine (Hcy) levels with the gene polymorphisms of homocysteine metabolic enzymes in physical examination in Nan Chong. Methods A cross-sectional study design was adopted. A total of 470 Han people who received physical examination in the outpatient clinic of Nanchong Central Hospital were enrolled in this study. Blood samples were collected from the research subjects, and general clinical data of the subjects were collected. The plasma Hcy level was determined by a commercial homocysteine assay kit. Genomic DNA was extracted, and a newly-developed technology (improved Multiplex Ligation Detection Reaction, iMLDR) was used to detect target genes and SNPs. The gene polymorphism of Hcy metabolism enzymes MTHFR C677T, MTHFR A1298C, MTR A2756G, and MTRR A66G was detected, and its correlation with plasma levels of Hcy was analyzed. Results (1) The distribution frequency of the heterozygous genotype of MTHFR C677T, MTHFR A1298C, MTR A2756G, and MTRR A66G was 46.38%, 35.32%, 17.45%, and 40.85%, while the distribution frequency of the homozygous genotype was 12.13%, 4.04%, 1.49%, and 7.66%, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference in allele frequencies between male and female populations by chi-square test (2) The detection rate of hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) was 34.68%. There was significant difference in the levels of plasma Hcy among the three genotypes of MTHFR C677T, and the heterozygous genotype and homozygous genotype of MTHFR C677T increased the risk of HHcy by 2.97 times and 1.917 times, respectively. The genotypes of MTHFR A1298C, MTR A2756G, and MTRR A66G were not found to be correlated with the risk of HHcy. Conclusion MTHFR C677T CT and TT genotypes elevate the plasma Hcy level. The gene polymorphisms of MTHFR A1298C, MS A2756G and MTRR A66G are not risk factors for HHcy.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879626

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a child suspected for Say-Barber-Biesecker-Young-Simpson syndrome.@*METHODS@#Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples of the child and her parents. Whole exome sequencing was carried out for the proband. Suspected variants were validated by Sanger sequencing. The impact of the variants was predicted by bioinformatic analysis.@*RESULTS@#The child was found to harbor a de novo missense variant c.2623C>T (p.Asp875Tyr) in exon 13 of the KAT6B gene. The variant was previously unreported, and was not recorded in the major allele frequency database and predicted to be pathogenic based on PolyPhen-2, MutationTaster and PROVEAN analysis. As predicted by UCSF chimera and CASTp software, the variant can severely impact the substrate-binding pocket of histone acetyltransferase, resulting in loss of its enzymatic activity. Based on standards and guidelines by the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics, the variant was classified to be likely pathogenic (PS2+PM2+PP3).@*CONCLUSION@#The child's condition may be attributed to the de novo missense c.2623C>T (p.Asp875Tyr) variant of the KAT6B gene.


Subject(s)
Blepharophimosis , Child , Congenital Hypothyroidism , Facies , Female , Heart Defects, Congenital , Histone Acetyltransferases/genetics , Humans , Intellectual Disability , Joint Instability , Mutation , Phenotype
3.
International Eye Science ; (12): 628-631, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873857

ABSTRACT

@#Diabetic retinopathy caused by diabetes is one of the main causes of blindness and one of the most serious complications of diabetes. Recently, many scholars have foundthat in the early stage of diabetes before serious ocular complications, chronic injuries can still occur to anterior ocular tissues such as cornea, conjunctiva, meibomian glands <i>etc</i>. We review the impact of diabetes on the anterior segment of the patient with existing ophthalmologic examination techniques, which can help clinicians identify patients with early diabetes and then intervene and refer them, thus reducing the risk of long-term serious complications of diabetes.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873564

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of metabolic syndrome on the fertility and reproduction in model animals. Methods The model of"high fat diet for spontaneously hypertensive rats(SHR)"was adopted to construct the model of metabolic syndrome in rats. The metabolic syndrome model rats were used to mate with male and female 1 : 1 cage, and the mating cycle was 2 weeks. Results After the SHR rats were fed a high-fat diet for 10 weeks, 16 males and 15 females met the screening criteria for metabolic syndrome, with the modeling rates of 40% and 37.5%, respectively. In addition to the abnormal metabolism-related indicators(such as blood glucose, blood lipid and blood pressure), the male rats with metabolic syndrome mainly had decreased sperm motility(P < 0.05), increased sperm malformation rate(P < 0.01), and decreased mating rate(P < 0.05). In addition to abnormal metabolism-related indicators, the conception rate and the live fetal rate of the female rats with metabolic syndrome were slightly lower than that of the control group; however, there was no statistical difference. The mean birth weight of the litter was significantly lower than that of the control group(P < 0.05). Conclusion According to the whole process from mating to natural production, metabolic syndrome is determined to have a significant effect on the fertility and reproductive ability of rats.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873555

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the current situation of financing in disease control and prevention constitutions in China, to identify existing problems, to explore potential reasons, and to make policy recommendations accordingly. Methods Financial related indicators, including revenue and expense of disease control and prevention institutions, were collected through questionnaire survey. Moreover, some disease control and prevention institutions were selected for on-site survey. Results The proportion of public health institutions in the Total Health Expenditure had fallen from 7.0% in 2014 to 5.6% in 2018. The proportion of financial compensation in the operation of disease control and prevention institutions was less than 50%. The gap between revenue and expenditure had not been covered completely after the cancellation of three categories of administrative charges. In addition, financing mechanism of public health service funds remained unclear. Conclusion We recommend the strategies, including optimizing financing structure, increasing investment in disease control and prevention, increasing the level of financial guarantee, improving the mechanism of public health service funds, and multi-channel financing.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 266-273, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872628

ABSTRACT

Xianling Gubao is a common and effective medicine in the treatment of orthopedic diseases. In recent years, it has been reported to be associated with liver injury. However, through the analysis of the adverse drug reaction reports and key hospital cases, we found that there is considerable incomplete information in the reports of Xianling Gubao-related liver injury cases retrieved from the literature. Thus, it is difficult to accurately judge causality between the drug and liver injury. Six cases of liver injury related to Xianling Gubao were identified in key hospitals, two of which achieved the clinical diagnosis according to the assessment of the integrated evidence chain method. We further analyzed the public health data of all residents in Yinzhou. The gross incidence rate of Xianling Gubao-related liver injury was 0.034%, which corresponds to a level of rare incidence. This revealed that Xianling Gubao-related liver injury has significant divergence in individuals and an idiosyncratic nature. The gross incidence of liver injury related to Xianling Gubao was lower than that of other medicines for the treatment of orthopedic diseases. Based on the idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury model mediated by immune stress, it was found that Epimedii Folium and Psoraleae Fructus were the major components that lead to liver injury, and the liver injury caused by a full prescription was less serious than that encountered with only Epimedii Folium and Psoraleae Fructus. This suggests that the other 4 herbs (Dipsaci Radix, Anemarrhenae Rhizoma, Rehmanniae Radix,Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma) can prevent/alleviate the liver injury. Through disassembled prescription analysis, we found that the attenuation efficacy of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma was the most significant. In conclusion, Xianling Gubao may cause idiosyncratic liver injury in a tiny minority of susceptible individuals, but the incidence risk is lower than that of other commonly used drugs for orthopedic disease. Xianling Gubao should be discreetly applied to patients with immune stress. The major components that induced liver injury in Xianling Gubao were Epimedii Folium and Psoraleae Fructus, and Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma appears to attenuate this toxicity. This study provides a reference for the rational clinical medication with Xianling Gubao.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 289-295, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872625

ABSTRACT

Ten triterpenoid saponins were isolated and purified from the water extract of Glycyrrhiza glabra by polyamide resin combined with macroporous resin column chromatography, ODS medium pressure column chromatography and semi-preparative RP-HPLC. Their structures were elucidated by physicochemical properties, NMR and MS spectra, and determined as 3β-O-[β-D-glucuronpyranosyl-(1→2)-β-D-glucuronpyranosyl]-30β-O-β-D-glucuronpyranosyl-oleanane-11-oxo-12(13)-ene (1), 3β-O-[β-D-glucuronpyranosyl-(1→2)-β-D-glucuronpyranosyl]-30β-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-oleanane-11-oxo-12(13)-en-22β,30-diol (2), uralsaponin C (3), licorice-saponin A3 (4), licorice-saponin P2 (5), 22β-acetoxyl-glycyrrhizin (6), macedonoside A (7), 29-hydroxyl-glycyrrhizin (8), licorice-saponin G2 (9), glycyrrhizin (10). Compounds 1 and 2 are two new compounds and named as licorice-saponin R3 and licorice-saponin S3.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885710

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the type, treatment and results of different therapies of biliary fistula after orthotopic liver tansplantation(OLT).Methods:Data of 24 patients who developed biliary fistula after OLT in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University from January 2000 to March 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients with biliary fistula were classified into 4 types according to presence or absence of stricture. All patients were treated by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) or interventional therapy, including endoscopic nasobiliary drainage (ENBD), endoscopic retrograde biliary drainage (ERBD) or percuteneous transhepatic cholangial drainage (PTCD). Main outcome measurements were the onset time of biliary fistula, the site of biliary fistula, the complications of ERCP or PTCD, the time of removing abdominal or biliary drainage tube, and the onset of new biliary stricture.Results:Biliary fistula was found in (46.5±36.6) days (6-122 days) after OLT. The numbers of patients in four types of biliary fistula were 6, 14, 2 and 2, respectively. Biliary fistula was cured in 22 patients, with clinical cure rate of 91.7%. All patients underwent ERCP first, and the technical success rate and clinical cure rate were 87.5% (21/24) and 85.7% (18/21), respectively. The clinical cure rates of ERCP forⅠ-Ⅳ biliary fistula were 6/6, 84.6%(11/13), 1/2, and 0, respectively. The clinical cure rates of ENBD and ERBD were 8/10 and 6/8, respectively. Five cases in whom ERCP failed, underwent PTCD, with technical success and clinical cure rates of 4/5 and 3/4 respectively. Eight patients(33.3%)developed cholangitis after treatment, and the incidence rate seemed higher in type Ⅱ biliary fistula than that in type Ⅰ [35.7% (5/14) VS 16.7% (1/6)]. Incidence of cholangitis was higher in patients with non-anastomotic stricture than those with anastomotic stricture [83.3%(5/6) VS 16.7%(3/18)].Conclusion:The first line treatment for biliary fistula after OLT is ERCP, followed by PTCD. The best procedures of biliary fistula typeⅠ-Ⅳ were ENBD, ENBD combined with ERBD, ENBD and PTCD, respectively.

9.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 280-288, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884713

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess if metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) of periprosthetic joint tissue can provide an alternative rapid and sensitive tool for the diagnosis of prosthetic joint infection (PJI), especially compared to microbiological culture.Methods:A total of 33 eligible patients who underwent revision arthroplasty from June 2019 to June 2020 in orthopedic surgery department of the first affiliated hospital of Zhengzhou University were retrospectively analyzed. Twenty-one patients were included in PJI group according to the American Academy of Musculoskeletal Infection diagnostic criteria, with 17 cases of knee and 4 cases of hip, including 9 cases of male and 12 cases of female, with an average age of 59.14±14.55 years old (range from 28 to 84), and an average BMI of 23.7±2.8 kg/m 2 (range from 17.7 to 29.4 kg/m 2). Twelve patients were included in aseptic loosening group (control group), with 4 cases of knee and 8 cases of hip, including 4 cases of male and 8 cases of female, with an average age of 53.08±10.05 years old (range from 39 to 70), and an average BMI of 25.2±2.9 kg/m 2 (range from 18.3 to 31.2 kg/m 2 ). Microbiological culture results of synovial fluid and periprosthetic joint tissue and mNGS results of periprosthetic joint tissue were collected. The sensitivity and specificity of mNGS and microbiological culture were calculated and compared. The species of pathogenic microorganismsdetected by the two techniques were summarized. In addition, the impact of antibiotic use on the efficacy of both techniques were compared. Results:mNGS detected 13 positive cases and microbiological culture detected 6 positive cases in the PJI group. In the aseptic loosening group, 1 case was determined positive by mNGS, and all the microbiological culture results were negative. In the diagnosis of PJI, mNGS showed significantly higher sensitivity than that of culture (61.9% vs 28.6%, χ2=4.71, P=0.03), while no statistical difference was observed in terms of specificity (91.7% vs 100%, χ2=1.04, P=0.31). In the PJI cases with prior exposure to antibiotics within two weeks, the sensitivity of mNGS was significantly higher than that of culture (53.8% vs 15.4%, χ2=4.25, P=0.04). However, there was no significant difference in the sensitivity between mNGS and culture in patients without antibioticsexposure (66.7% vs 44.4%, χ2=0.90, P=0.34). In the detection of pathogenic microorganism, mNGS detected 9 kinds of bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus family, Moraxella Oslo, Propionibacterium acnes, Streptococcus acnes, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Staphylococcus Lyons, Bacteroides fragilis) and 2 kinds of fungi (Aspergillus fumigatus, Candida parapsilosis), while microbiological culture detected 3 kinds of bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, Moraxella catarrhalis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis) and one kind of fungi (Candida parapsilosis). mNGS and microbiological culture were both positive in 5 cases, among which 3 cases had completely matched results (Staphylococcus aureus, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Candida parapsilosis), one case had partly matched results (mNGS detected more bacteria than culture) and one case had totally mismatched results. Additionally, in the diagnosis of the 3 included tuberculous PJI, mNGS showed 100% specificity and sensitivity. Conclusion:mNGS of periprosthetic joint tissue is a more powerful tool for diagnosis and pathogen detection of PJI compared to microbiological culture, especially in the diagnosis of tuberculosis PJI. Besides, mNGS is more resistant to antibiotic exposure than culture.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884612

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study our initial experience on feasibility and safety of magnetic compression anastomosis in laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy(LPD).Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on the data of 7 patients who underwent LPD with laparoscopic magnetic compression choledochojejunostomy (LMC-CJ) or pancreaticojejunostomy (LMC-PJ) at the Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University from May 2018 to September 2019. There were 6 males and 1 female. The median age of patients was 63 (56-83) years. Data analyzed included the model of the magnetic anastomosis device, operation time of the LMC-CJ or LMC-PJ, other operation-related parameters, postoperative complications, time to perform magnetic anastomosis, and time of discharge of the magnet from patients’ body.Results:All 7 patients completed LPD successfully, including 7 LMC-CJ and 2 LMC-PJ. The median operation time was 340 (310-450) minutes. The median diameter of the biliary-enteric magnetic anastomosis ring used was 10 (9-12) mm, and the median time of the biliary-enteric magnetic anastomosis was 11 (8-16) min. The diameter of the pancreaticojejunal magnetic anastomosis ring was 5 mm in the two anastomoses, and the times taken were 12 min and 15 min. Complications occurred in 4 patients, including 1 patient each for grade A and grade B pancreatic fistula, 2 patients with abdominal infection, 2 patients with postoperative gastric emptying disorder, and 1 patient with abdominal hemorrhage. All patients responded to conservative treatment. There was no biliary or pancreatic fistula at the magnetic anastomoses. Pancreaticojejunostomy functioned at 24 and 30 days after operation. The median time for the magnets to pass out from the body of all patients was 50 (40-170) days. The median follow-up was 11 (4-18) months. No biliary-enteric or pancreaticojejunostomy stenosis was detected.Conclusion:Magnetic compressive anastomosis was simple, feasible, and safe for choledochojejunostomy or pancreaticojejunostomy in LPD.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884203

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of serum soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) combined with alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score in short-term prognosis assessment of patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF).Methods:From January 2018 to May 2020, 66 patients with CHB related ACLF from Fuzhou First People′s Hospital were enrolled. After 90 days of follow-up, the patients with CHB related ACLF were divided into death group and survival group according to the outcome. Meanwhile, 30 patients with CHB were enrolled by simple random sampling method. The differences of serum suPAR in patients with CHB related ACLF and patients with CHB were analyzed. The values of suPAR, AFP and MELD score were compared between death group and survival group in patients with CHB related ACLF. The predictive value of suPAR, AFP, MELD score, Child-Turcotte Pugh score (CTP score) and suPAR combined with AFP and MELD score in the short-term prognosis of patients with CHB related ACLF were analyzed by area under the receiver operator characteristic curve (AUROC). Data were analyzed by two independent sample t test or non-parametric test. Results:The serum suPAR level of patients with CHB related ACLF was (9.6±0.8) ln ng/L, which was higher than that of patients with CHB ((8.0±0.3) ln ng/L). The difference was statistically significant ( t=14.533, P<0.01). The suPAR and MELD score of patients with CHB related ACLF in the death group were (9.9±0.7) ln ng/L and 29.6 (7.1) points, respectively, which were higher than those in the survival group ((9.4±0.7) ln ng/L and 21.0 (5.0) points, respectively). The AFP level in the death group was 45.9 (108.1) μg/L, which was lower than that in the survival group (209.3 (187.1) μg/L). There were significant differences in suPAR ( t=2.895, P=0.005), MELD score ( Z=4.708, P<0.01) and AFP ( Z=3.051, P<0.01) between the death group and the survival group. AUROC of suPAR (0.741, P=0.001), AFP (0.724, P=0.002) and MELD score (0.885, P<0.01) had predictive value for death in patients with CHB related ACLF. The sensitivities of suPAR, AFP, MELD score, CTP score and suPAR combined with AFP and MELD score were 84.6%, 73.1%, 88.5%, 96.2% and 84.6%, respectively, and the specificities were 75.0%, 72.5%, 70.0%, 52.5% and 92.5%, respectively. The AUROC of suPAR combined with AFP and MELD score was 0.871 ( P<0.01), which was higher than that of CTP score (0.793, P<0.01). Conclusions:Serum suPAR is increased in patients with CHB related ACLF. SuPAR combined with AFP and MELD score could apply in the prognostic value for patients with CHB related ACLF.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882905

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy and safety of Rasburicase therapy in critically ill children su-ffering from advanced Burkitt′s lymphoma.Methods:A retrospective analysis of children with advanced Burkitt′s lymphoma was admitted to Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, from January 2015 to May 2020 and accepted treatment.According to the uric acid-lowering therapies, patients were divided into 2 groups, namely Rasburicase group (Group R) and traditional treatment group (Group T), to compare the effects of hypouricemic treatment and the prognosis between the 2 groups.Results:Twenty-nine children with advanced Burkitt′s lymphoma were included in this study, with 13 cases (44.83%) of stage Ⅲ and 16 cases (55.17%) of stage Ⅳ.Abdominal mass/ abdominal distension (13 cases, 44.83%) and abdominal pain (7 cases, 24.14%) were the main reasons of initial medical visit attendance.The most common primary tumor site was abdominal/ pelvic cavity (21 cases, 72.41%), followed by head or neck (6 cases, 20.69%). There were 15 cases in Group R and 14 cases in group T. No significant differences in serum creatinine, lactate dehydrogenase and uric acid were detected between the 2 groups (all P>0.05). The proportion of serum uric acid recovery rate of 24 hours and 72 hours after initial treatment in Group R were significantly higher than those in T group (85.71% vs.25.00%, 100.00% vs.25.00%, all P<0.01). Although there were no obvious differences in the incidence of tumor lysis syndrome between the 2 groups (33.33% vs.64.29%, P=0.096), the incidence of acute renal injury, renal replacement therapy requirement, serious complications and the 28 day mortality in Group R were remarkably lower than those in Group T (33.33% vs.85.71%, 13.33% vs.64.29%, 20.00% vs.78.57%, 0 vs.35.71%, all P< 0.05). Conclusions:Rasburicase can effectively reduce the serum uric acid level and decrease the incidence of acute kidney injury and other severe complications, thus improving the prognosis of children experiencing advanced Burkitt′s lymphoma.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882875

ABSTRACT

Objective:The clinical manifestations, types of gene mutations, therapeutic effects and prognostic characteristics of 15 children with cblC type methylmalonic acidemia (MMA) and hydrocephalus were analyzed to improve the clinical understanding of the disease, so as to provide a basis for the treatment of the disease.Methods:From April 2015 to January 2019, 15 patients with MMA and hydrocephalus in Department of Pediatric Surgery, Peking University First Hospital were enrolled, and all gene detection showed clbC type.All the 15 patients underwent ventriculoperitoneal shunt.After surgery, the clinical manifestations and imaging findings were applied as the basis to adjust the pressure of the diverter valve appropriately.Clinical data and gene mutation characteristics of 15 children with cblC type and hydrocephalus were retrospectively analyzed, and the therapeutic effects and prognosis were summarized and analyzed as well.Results:There were 8 males (53.3%) and 7 females (46.7%), aged from 2 to 33 months.All the cases were followed up from 11 to 55 months, without death case and serious postoperative complications of hydroce-phalus.The head circumference of 3 cases (20.0%) was in the normal range, 1 case (6.7%) was greater than the normal range, and 11 cases (73.3%) were less than the normal range.Four patients (26.7%) were transferred to the pediatric intensive care unit after surgery.c.609G>A mutation was the most common in this study, with 7 cases (46.7%) of c. 609G>A homozygous mutation, and 5 cases (33.3%) of c. 609G>A heterozygous mutation.Clinical symptoms of intracranial hypertension were relieved or disappeared.The head circumference progressive enlargement was stopped.The anterior fontanelle tension greatly decreased, all " setting-sun" sign of eyes disappeared, and vision loss and hearing loss were better compared with the pre-operation.Four cases (26.7%) displayed normal intelligence and exercise, and 11 cases (73.3%) were left with mild to severe psychomotor retardation.During the follow-up pe-riod, the head CT showed that the ventricle was remarkably narrowed, and interstitial brain edema obviously improved.Conclusions:Ventriculoperitoneal shunt in the treatment of cblC type MMA with hydrocephalus has positive effects.The head circumference of most cblC type MMA with hydrocephalus is less than the normal range.c.609 G>A is the most common mutation in cblC type MMA with hydrocephalus.Perioperative " metabolic crisis" can result in serious complications.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882219

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a comet test method for detection of genotoxicity of three reference chemicals in rat liver cells. Methods:6-10 week old Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into 4 groups, with normal saline (0.9% NaCl solution) as negative control group. Animals in three test groups were treated, respectively, with ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS) 200 mg/kg, N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU) 50 mg/kg, and D-mannitol 2 000 mg/kg. There were 10 animals in each group, 5 males and 5 females. The animals received two times (21 h interval) of test compounds through intragastric administration, and their clinical symptoms and body weight changes were recorded during the experiment. The rats were sacrificed 3 h after the last exposure. The liver was weighed, then used to prepare single-cell suspensions for the alkaline comet test which determines the average tail DNA content percentage (DNA%) of hepatocytes and other comet indicators. Results:(1) D-mannitol, EMS and MNU did not show significant toxicity in the whole animal. (2) The mean values of tail DNA content percentage (DNA%) of rat hepatocytes in EMS [(60.07±24.69)%] and MNU [(41.66±22.35)%] groups were higher than that in the negative control group [(2.32±1.39)%] and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The difference between D-mannitol group [(3.06±3.30)%] and the negative control group was not significant (P>0.05). Conclusion:This laboratory has established a comet test method using hepatocytes from treated rats. Among three testing chemicals, EMS and MNU have displayed genotoxicity by this assay, but no genotoxicity was observed in D-mannitol treated animals.

15.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 12-18, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881963

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence and influencing factors of work-related musculoskeletal disorders(WMSDs) in civil aviation flight attendants. METHODS: A total of 810 flight attendants from three civil aviation airlines in China were selected as research subjects using the convenient sampling method. The revised Musculoskeletal Disorders Investigating Questionnaire was used to investigate the prevalence of WMSDs in various parts of the body in the past year. RESULTS: The total prevalence of WMSDs in flight attendants in this survey was 64.4%(522/810). The prevalence of WMSDs in various parts of the body from high to low was: neck(48.0%), shoulder(38.6%), lower back/waist(26.0%), upper back(19.8%), feet(15.1%), knee(14.0%), hip and leg(11.0%), hand and wrist(9.0%) and elbow(5.1%). The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that working with an uncomfortable posture and the shortage of staff in the work sector were risk factors for neck WMSDs(all P<0.05). The protective factors were sufficient rest time and voluntary decision when to take a break during work(all P<0.05). Carrying heavy objects >20 kg, working in uncomfortable posture and shortage of staff were risk factors for shoulder WMSDs(all P<0.05). Working in uncomfortable posture and repeated an operation every minute were risk factors for lower back/waist WMSDs(all P<0.05), and sufficient rest time was its protective factor(P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of WMSDs in civil aviation flight attendants is high, and the neck, shoulder and ower back/waist are the most commonly affected part of the body. The main influencing factors are poor ergonomics and work organization.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1696-1703, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881550

ABSTRACT

The study evaluates the lipolysis rate and extent of type Ⅲ lipid formulations using testosterone undecanoate as a model drug after digestion with in vitro lipolysis model, and studies the digestive regularity with optical microscope and electrical conductivity. The results showed that for testosterone undecanoate type Ⅲ lipid formulations with castor oil as oil phase and Transcutol HP as latent solvent, the lipolysis rate and extent were increased with the increase of oil phase proportion and were decreased with excessive proportion of surfactant, in which can see liquid crystal phase during lipolysis process. The lipolysis rate of type ⅢB lipid preparations with different surfactant were ordered as Labrasol > Tween 80 > Cremophor EL, but the rate of type ⅢA is different in quick digestion phase and slow digestion phase. The lipolysis extent of type Ⅲ lipid formulations with different surfactant were ordered as Cremophor EL > Tween 80 > Labrasol. These may be related to the digestive effect of pancreatic lipase on different surfactants. This study implied that the lipolysis rate and extent of type Ⅲ lipid formulations are greatly influenced by the proportion of oil phase and surfactant, and the surfactant structure. These factors will affect the in vivo digestion and should be taken into account when screening type Ⅲ lipid formulations.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881076

ABSTRACT

Digestive system cancers, including liver, gastric, colon, esophageal and pancreatic cancers, are the leading cause of cancers with high morbidity and mortality, and the question of their clinical treatment is still open. Previous studies have indicated that Ziyuglycoside II (ZYG II), the major bioactive ingredient extract from Sanguisorba officinalis L., significantly inhibits the growth of various cancer cells. However, the selective anti-tumor effects of ZYG II against digestive system cancers are not systemically investigated. In this study, we reported the anti-cancer effect of ZYG II on esophageal cancer cells (OE21), cholangiocarcinoma cells (HuCCT1), gastric cancer cells (BGC-823), liver cancer cells (HepG2), human colonic cancer cells (HCT116), and pancreatic cancer cells (PANC-1). We also found that ZYG II induced cell cycle arrest, oxidative stress and mitochondrial apoptosis. Network pharmacology analysis suggested that UBC, EGFR and IKBKG are predicted targets of ZYG II. EGFR signaling was suggested as the critical pathway underlying the anti-cancer effects of ZYG II and both docking simulation and western blot analysis demonstrated that ZYG II was a potential EGFR inhibitor. Furthermore, our results showed synergistic inhibitory effects of ZYG II and chemotherapy 5-FU on the growth of cancer cells. In summary, ZYG II are effective anti-tumor agents against digestive cancers. Further systemic evaluation of the anti-cancer activities in vitro and in vivo and characterization of underlying mechanism will promote the development of novel supplementary therapeutic strategies based on ZYG II for the treatment of digestive system cancers.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881045

ABSTRACT

Osteoporosis is a health problem to cause global concern. A lot of methods have been used to prevent and treat osteoporosis, but there is still a lack of effective treatment for osteoporosis owing to limited understanding of its mechanism. Therefore, the aim of this present study is to explore the underlying mechanism of Wuling Powder, a traditional Chinese medicine on treating osteoporosis. In this study, we firstly screened and identified the common targets between Wuling Powder and osteoporosis through the related databases, and then explored the relationships among these targets, Wuling Powder and osteoporosis by using Gene Ontology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) and network analyses. Subsequently, the molecular docking was performed by using systemsDock to evaluate the potential binding relationships between the active components of Wuling Powder and their related targets. The results showed that in total of 14 common targets including CREBBP, ADAM17, GOT1, GAPDH, USP8, ERBB2, EEF1A1, MTOR, RAC1, ETS1, DDX58, GCK, EGF and S100A8 were screened. EGF, ERBB2, MTOR and HIF-1 were the potential therapeutic targets for osteoporosis, and they were also the related targets for predicting active components in Wuling Powder. Taken together, we concluded that Wuling Powder might be used to treat osteoporosis through above these targets.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880524

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To describe and analyze the status quo of cardiovascular clinical practice guidelines or expert consensuses including both Chinese medicine (CM) and integrative medicine, through systematic literatures searching and quality assessment.@*METHODS@#Data bases including Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, the China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data, China Science and Technology Journal Database were searched for published CM or integrative cardiovascular clinical practice guidelines or expert consensuses. The website www. medlive.cn was also retrieved as supplementary. The clinical practice evaluation tool AGREE II was used to assess the quality of included guidelines or consensuses.@*RESULTS@#A total of 31 relevant clinical practice guidelines or expert consensuses were included, covering diagnosis, treatment, Chinese patent and patient fields. Common cardiovascular diseases like coronary heart diseases, heart failure and arrhythmia were also involved. Through analysis it was found that both the quantity and quality of included guidelines have been improved year by year. A total of 4 evidence-based clinical practice guideline has been found, one of which was a guideline project plan. Except that, the remaining 27 reports were all consensus-based guidelines. The scores of each field, from highest to lowest, were clarity of presentation (58%), scope and purpose (54%), stakeholder involvement (28%), rigor of development (21%), applicability (13%) and editorial independence (8%).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Although clinical practice guidelines in cardiovascular domain of Chinese have gained increasing concern, with both quantity and quality improved, there is still huge gap in methodology and reporting standards between CM guidelines and international ones. On the one hand, it is essential to improve and standardize the methodology of developing CM guidelines. On the other hands, the evaluation system of evidence and recommendation with CM characters should be developed urgently.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880179

ABSTRACT

Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is a blood system disease mediated by autoimmune mechanism. Currently, the goal of treatment for primary ITP is to keep patients' peripheral platelet count at a safe level to prevent severe bleeding. Recently, avatrombopag and fostamatinib have been approved by the FDA for the treatment of primary ITP in adults, while new drugs such as rozanolixizumab, efgartigimod, PRTX-100, decitabine and atorvastatin have shown efficacy in early clinical trials. This review summarizes the current accepted therapies for the clinical treatment of primary ITP in adults, and briefly discuss the progress of new therapies.


Subject(s)
Adult , Hemorrhage , Humans , Platelet Count , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic/drug therapy , Splenectomy
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