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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2021_0333, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387954

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Periodontal disease (PD) is an inflammatory oral disease and alveolar bone loss is the most important sign of PD. However, the effects of exercise on inflammatory factors and alveolar bone loss in individuals with PD have been little studied. This meta-analysis assesses the effect of physical exercise on alveolar bone loss (ABL) and the inflammatory profile of PD in animal models. Relevant studies published through July 2020 in PubMed, Medline, Embase and Web of Science were searched after developing a PICOS statement. Quality assessment and risk of bias were analyzed according to the SYRCLE protocol. A total of 52 references were retrieved, 4 of which were considered eligible for inclusion. A total of thirty-four male Wistar rats from the included studies were evaluated for alveolar bone loss and assessed for inflammatory profile. The results indicated that physical exercise could reduce alveolar bone loss (95% CI -2.85 to -0.82, p = 0.002) and the pro-inflammatory tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in serum or gingival tissue (95% CI -0.45 to -0.24, p < 0.00001). Inversely, exercise increased anti-inflammatory interleukin-10 (IL-10) in serum or gingival tissue (95% CI 0.28 to 0.69, p < 0.00001). However, one study reported a negative result in the expression of TNF-α and IL-10. Current evidence indicates that physical exercise contributes to ameliorate PD by reducing alveolar bone loss and inflammation in animal PD models, which suggests that moderate exercise can be implemented in clinical practice to maintain periodontal health. Level of Evidence I; Systematic Review and Meta-analysis


RESUMEN La enfermedad periodontal (EP) es una enfermedad inflamatoria oral y la pérdida de hueso alveolar es su signo más importante. Sin embargo, los efectos del ejercicio sobre los factores inflamatorios y la pérdida ósea alveolar en individuos con EP han sido poco estudiados. Este meta-análisis evalúa el efecto del ejercicio sobre la pérdida ósea alveolar (POA) y el perfil inflamatorio de la EP en modelos animales. Se llevaron a cabo estudios relevantes publicados hasta julio de 2020 en PubMed, Medline, Embase y Web of Science tras desarrollar la investigación con el método PICO. La evaluación de la calidad y el riesgo de sesgo se analizaron según el protocolo SYRCLE. Se recuperó un total de 52 referencias, cuatro de las cuales se consideraron elegibles para su inclusión. En un total de 34 ratas Wistar macho de los estudios incluidos se evaluó la pérdida de hueso alveolar y el perfil inflamatorio. Los resultados indicaron que el ejercicio puede reducir la pérdida de hueso alveolar (IC del 95%: -2,85 a -0,82; p = 0,002) y el factor de necrosis tumoral proinflamatorio-α (TNFα) en suero o tejido gingival (IC del 95%: -0,45 a -0,24; p < 0,00001). Por el contrario, el ejercicio aumentó la interleucina-10 (IL-10) antiinflamatoria en el suero o en el tejido gingival (IC del 95%: 0,28 a 0,69; p < 0,00001). Sin embargo, un estudio informó de un resultado negativo en la expresión de TNFα e IL-10. Las pruebas actuales indican que el ejercicio contribuye a mejorar la EP al reducir la pérdida de hueso alveolar y la inflamación en modelos animales de EP, lo que sugiere que se puede implementar el ejercicio moderado en la práctica clínica para mantener la salud periodontal. Nivel de Evidencia I; Revisión Sistemática y Meta-análisis.


RESUMO A doença periodontal (DP) é uma doença inflamatória oral e a perda óssea alveolar é seu sinal mais importante. No entanto, os efeitos do exercício sobre os fatores inflamatórios e a perda óssea alveolar em indivíduos com DP têm sido pouco estudados. Esta metanálise avalia o efeito do exercício físico sobre a perda óssea alveolar (POA) e o perfil inflamatório da DP em modelos animais. Estudos relevantes publicados até julho de 2020 em PubMed, Medline, Embase e Web of Science foram pesquisados depois de desenvolver a pesquisa com o método PICO. A avaliação da qualidade e o risco de viés foram analisados de acordo com o protocolo SYRCLE. Um total de 52 referências foram recuperadas, quatro das quais foram consideradas elegíveis para inclusão. Um total de 34 ratos Wistar machos dos estudos incluídos foram avaliados quanto à perda de osso alveolar e avaliados quanto ao perfil inflamatório. Os resultados indicaram que o exercício físico pode reduzir a perda de osso alveolar (IC 95% -2,85 a -0,82, p = 0,002) e o fator de necrose tumoral pró-inflamatório-α (TNFα) no soro ou tecido gengival (IC 95% -0,45 a -0,24, p < 0,00001). Inversamente, o exercício aumentou a interleucina-10 anti-inflamatória (IL-10) no soro ou no tecido gengival (IC 95% 0,28 a 0,69, p < 0,00001). Contudo, um estudo relatou resultado negativo na expressão de TNFα e IL-10. As evidências atuais indicam que o exercício físico contribui para melhorar a DP, reduzindo a perda de osso alveolar e a inflamação em modelos animais de DP, o que sugere que o exercício moderado pode ser implementado na prática clínica para manter a saúde periodontal. Nível de Evidência I; Revisão Sistemática e Metanálise.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936373

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the protective effect of fucoxanthin (FX) against diabetic cardiomyopathy and explore the underlying mechanism.@*METHODS@#Rat models of diabetes mellitus (DM) induced by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (60 mg/kg) were randomized into DM model group, fucoxanthin treatment (DM+FX) group and metformin treatment (DM+ Met) group, and normal rats with normal feeding served as the control group. In the two treatment groups, fucoxanthin and metformin were administered after modeling by gavage at the daily dose of 200 mg/kg and 230 mg/kg, respectively for 12 weeks, and the rats in the DM model group were given saline only. HE staining was used to examine the area of cardiac myocyte hypertrophy in each group. The expression levels of fibrotic proteins TGF-β1 and FN proteins in rat hearts were detected with Western blotting. In the cell experiment, the effect of 1 μmol/L FX on H9C2 cell hypertrophy induced by exposure to high glucose (HG, 45 mmol/L) was evaluated using FITC-labeled phalloidin. The mRNA expression levels of the hypertrophic factors ANP, BNP and β-MHC in H9C2 cells were detected using qRT-PCR. The protein expressions of Nrf2, Keap1, HO-1 and SOD1 proteins in rat heart tissues and H9C2 cells were determined using Western blotting. The DCFH-DA probe was used to detect the intracellular production of reactive oxygen species (ROS).@*RESULTS@#In the diabetic rats, fucoxanthin treatment obviously alleviated cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and myocardial fibrosis, increased the protein expressions of Nrf2 and HO-1, and decreased the protein expressions of Keap1 in the heart tissue (P < 0.05). In H9C2 cells with HG exposure, fucoxanthin significantly inhibited the enlargement of cell surface area, lowered the mRNA expression levels of ANP, BNP and β-MHC (P < 0.05), promoted Nrf2 translocation from the cytoplasm to the nucleus, and up-regulated the protein expressions its downstream targets SOD1 and HO-1 (P < 0.05) to enhance cellular antioxidant capacity and reduce intracellular ROS production.@*CONCLUSION@#Fucoxanthin possesses strong inhibitory activities against diabetic cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and myocardial fibrosis and is capable of up-regulating Nrf2 signaling to promote the expression of its downstream antioxidant proteins SOD1 and HO-1 to reduce the level of ROS.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antioxidants/metabolism , Atrial Natriuretic Factor/pharmacology , Cardiomegaly , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/metabolism , Fibrosis , Kelch-Like ECH-Associated Protein 1/metabolism , Metformin , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism , Oxidative Stress , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Rats , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Superoxide Dismutase-1/pharmacology , Xanthophylls
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936306

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the inhibitory effect of ANA-12 that blocks brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)/ tropomyosin receptor kinase B (TrkB) signaling on inflammatory pain in rats and explore the underlying mechanism.@*METHODS@#Forty-two adult SD rats were randomized into BDNF-induced acute pain group (n=24) and CFA-induced chronic pain group. The former group were randomly divided into 4 subgroups, including a control group, ANA-12 treatment group, BDNF treatment group, and BDNF+ANA-12 treatment group; the latter group were subgrouped into control group, CFA treatment group (CFA) and CFA + ANA-12 treatment group. The effects of ANA-12 treatment on pain behaviors of the rats with BDNF-induced acute pain and CFA-induced chronic inflammatory pain were observed. Western blotting was used to examine TrkB signaling and expressions of microglia marker protein Iba1 and TNF-α in the spinal cord of the rats.@*RESULTS@#BDNF injection into the subarachnoid space significantly increased the number of spontaneous paw withdrawal of the rats (P < 0.05), which was obviously reduced by ANA-12 treatment (P < 0.05). The rats with intraplantar injection of CFA, showed significantly increased ipsilateral mechanical stimulation sensitivity (P < 0.05), and ANA-12 treatment obviously increased the ipsilateral foot withdrawal threshold (P < 0.05). Treatment with either BDNF or CFA significantly increased the phosphorylation level of TrkB (Y705) in the spinal cord of the rats (P < 0.05), which was significantly lowered by ANA-12 treatment (P < 0.05). Treatment with BDNF and CFA both significantly up-regulated the expressions of Iba1 and TNF-α in the spinal cord (P < 0.05), but ANA-12 significantly reduced their expression levels (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#ANA-12 can reduce spinal cord inflammation and relieve acute and chronic pain in rats by targeted blocking of BDNF/TrkB signaling.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor/metabolism , Chronic Pain/drug therapy , Inflammation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptor, trkB/metabolism
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923382

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the short-term efficacy and safety of thoracoscopy-assisted epicardial radiofrequency ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) and/or left atrial appendage exclusion (LAAE). Methods    The clinical data of 12 patients with solitary AF admitted to Beijing Tiantan Hospital from November 2018 to August 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 7 males and 5 females, with an average age of 65.2±5.3 years. Of them, 2 had paroxysmal AF, 1 had persistent AF and 9 had permanent AF. Results    No patient died during hospitalization, 5 patients underwent radiofrequency ablation for AF and LAAE, and 6 received LAAE alone. The operation time was 293±70 min in radiofrequency ablation for AF+LAAE patients and 71±14 min in LAAE patients. Two patients restored sinus rhythm, two restored after electric cardioversion, and one remained AF in AF+LAAE patients. Postoperatively, 1 patient had pleural effusion and 1 had subcutaneous emphysema. No stroke was observed. Conclusion    Thoracoscopy-assisted radiofrequency ablation for AF and/or LAAE reduce the risk of procedure, and provide alternative approach to treat AF-associated diseases. However, large sample size studies using prospective cohort designs are required to corroborate the present findings.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 692-707, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929320

ABSTRACT

Owing to incurable castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) ultimately developing after treating with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), it is vital to devise new therapeutic strategies to treat CRPC. Treatments that target programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) and programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) have been approved for human cancers with clinical benefit. However, many patients, especially prostate cancer, fail to respond to anti-PD-1/PD-L1 treatment, so it is an urgent need to seek a support strategy for improving the traditional PD-1/PD-L1 targeting immunotherapy. In the present study, analyzing the data from our prostate cancer tissue microarray, we found that PD-L1 expression was positively correlated with the expression of heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein L (HnRNP L). Hence, we further investigated the potential role of HnRNP L on the PD-L1 expression, the sensitivity of cancer cells to T-cell killing and the synergistic effect with anti-PD-1 therapy in CRPC. Indeed, HnRNP L knockdown effectively decreased PD-L1 expression and recovered the sensitivity of cancer cells to T-cell killing in vitro and in vivo, on the contrary, HnRNP L overexpression led to the opposite effect in CRPC cells. In addition, consistent with the previous study, we revealed that ferroptosis played a critical role in T-cell-induced cancer cell death, and HnRNP L promoted the cancer immune escape partly through targeting YY1/PD-L1 axis and inhibiting ferroptosis in CRPC cells. Furthermore, HnRNP L knockdown enhanced antitumor immunity by recruiting infiltrating CD8+ T cells and synergized with anti-PD-1 therapy in CRPC tumors. This study provided biological evidence that HnRNP L knockdown might be a novel therapeutic agent in PD-L1/PD-1 blockade strategy that enhanced anti-tumor immune response in CRPC.

6.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 743-760, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940935

ABSTRACT

Objective: To systematically summarize and analyze the clinical research progress of therapeutic vaccines for cervical cancer or precancerous lesions. Methods: English databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane library, Proquest, and ClinicalTrails.gov) and Chinese databases (SinoMed, CNKI, WanFang, and VIP Database) were systematically searched to collect literature on therapeutic vaccines for cervical cancer or precancerous lesions from inception to February 18, 2021. After screening, we evaluated the risk of bias of included studies, and combed the basic information of the literature, research designs, information of vaccines, study patients, outcome indicators and so on, qualitatively summarized the clinical research progress. Results: A total of 71 studies were included in this systematic review, including 14 random controlled trials, 15 quasi-random controlled trials, 4 cohort studies, 1 case-control study, 34 case series studies and 3 case reports. The study patients included women aged 15~79 with cervical cancer or precancerous lesions in 18 countries from 1989 to 2021. On the one hand, there were 40 studies on therapeutic vaccines for cervical precancerous lesions (22 867 participants), involving 21 kinds of vaccines in 6 categories. Results showed 3 marketed vaccines (Cervarix, Gardasil, Gardasil 9) as adjuvant immunotherapies were significant effective in preventing the recurrence of precancerous lesions compared with the conization only. In addition, MVA E2 vaccine had been in phase Ⅲ clinical trials as a specific therapeutic vaccine, with relative literature showing it could eliminate most high-grade precancerous lesions. Therapeutic vaccines for precancerous lesions all showed good safety. On the other hand, there were 31 studies on therapeutic vaccines for cervical cancer (781 participants), involving 19 kinds of vaccines in 7categories, with none had been marketed. 25 studies were with no control group, showing the vaccines could effectively eliminate solid tumors, prevent recurrence, and prolong the median survival time. However, the vaccines effectiveness couldn't be statistically calculated due to the lack of a control group. As for the safety of therapeutic vaccines for cervical cancer, 9 studies showed that patients experienced serious adverse events after treatments, where 7 studies reported that serious adverse events occurred in patients couldn't be ruled out as the results of therapeutic vaccines. Conclusions: The literature review shows that the literature evidence for the therapeutic vaccines for cervical precancerous lesions is relatively mature compared with the therapeutic vaccines for cervical cancer. The four kinds of vaccines on the market are all therapeutic vaccines for precancerous lesions, but they are generally used as vaginal infection treatments or adjuvant immunotherapies for cervical precancerous lesions, not used for the specific treatments of cervical precancerous lesions. Other specific therapeutic vaccines are in the early stage of clinical trials, mainly phase Ⅰ/Ⅱ clinical trials with small sample size. The effectiveness and safety data are limited, and further research is still needed.


Subject(s)
Cancer Vaccines/therapeutic use , Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia/prevention & control , Female , Humans , Papillomavirus Infections/prevention & control , Papillomavirus Vaccines/therapeutic use , Precancerous Conditions/therapy , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/prevention & control
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940462

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the active ingredients, therapeutic targets, and relative signaling pathways of Tripterygium wilfordii in the treatment of triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) based on network pharmacology, and to verify the mechanism through in vitro cell model. MethodThe active ingredients of T. wilfordii were screened from the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP). The targets of TNBC were obtained from DisGeNET and GeneCards. Venny was used to identify the potential therapeutic targets of T. wilfordii against TNBC. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed with String database. Gene ontology (GO) annotation and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment were carried out with DAVID to predict the mechanisms of potential targets. The molecular docking between triptolide and key targets were performed with AutoDock Vina. The effect of triptolide (0, 5, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 80 nmol·L-1) on the proliferation of MDA-MB-231 cells was determined through methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay. The effect of triptolide (0, 12.5, 25, 50 nmol·L-1) on the apoptosis of MDA-MB-231 cells was detected with Hoechst 33342 staining. Western blot was performed to detect the effect of triptolide (0, 25, 50 nmol·L-1) on the expression levels of key targets. ResultT. wilfordii had 23 active ingredients related to 55 potential targets of TNBC. GO and KEGG enrichment revealed that the potential targets were associated with 103 biological processes, 15 cellular components, and 35 molecular functions, and were involved in 140 signaling pathways including atherosclerosis and apoptosis. The results of molecular docking demonstrated that triptolide could bind with the targets including threonine kinase 1 (Akt1), vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), cellular tumor antigen p53 (p53), transcription factor AP-1 (JUN), signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), mitogen-activated protein kinase 8 (MAPK8), prostaglandin G/H synthase 2 (PTGS2), and Caspase-3. According to the results of MTT assay, triptolide (20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 80 nmol·L-1) inhibited the proliferation of MDA-MB-231 cells compared with blank control (P<0.05, P<0.01). Hoechst 33342 staining showed that triptolide (12, 25, 50 nmol·L-1) induced the apoptosis of MDA-MB-231 cells compared with black control (P<0.05, P<0.01). Western blot showcased that 50 nmol·L-1 triptolide down-regulated the relative expression levels of p-Akt, TNF-α, and VEGFA, while 25 and 50 nmol·L-1 triptolide up-regulated the relative expression level of p53 in a dose-dependent manner compared with the blank control (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionT. wilfordii has multiple ingredients, targets, and pathways in the treatment of TNBC. It may regulate p53, VEGFA, TNF-α and other key targets to induce cell apoptosis and suppress angiogenesis and inflammatory response, which provides a scientific basis for the further investigation and clinical application of T. wilfordii.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940461

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo optimize the existing genetic transformation system of Armillaria gallica to improve the transformation efficiency and lay a foundation for the follow-up research on Armillaria molecular marker-assisted breeding and gene function. MethodThe genetically transformed plasmid pH101-PAgGPD-GFP-TrpC was constructed,transformed into Escherichia coli,amplified, and cultured,and the plasmid was extracted. The extracted plasmid was transformed into four different agrobacteria LBA4404,EHA105,GV3101,and AGL-1,respectively. The transformed agrobacteria were used for impregnating A. gallica,and the agrobacteria with the highest conversion rate were screened out. Then the agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation system of A. gallica was optimized from the type and concentration of antibiotics,co-culture time,concentration of bacterial solution, and impregnation method. The phenotype profiles of A. gallica under different conditions were observed using Synbiosis ProtoCol 3. ResultThe optimized genetic transformation conditions of A. gallica were as follows: the Agrobacterium strain of EHA105 at absorbance A600 nm=0.6, the co-culture time of 2 d, the infection mode of negative pressure impregnation for 10 min, the primary screening medium of PDA medium containing 400 mg·L-1 cefotaxime sodium and 10 mg·L-1 hygromycin,and the secondary screening medium of PDA medium containing 12 mg·L-1 hygromycin. ConclusionIn this study,the existing genetic transformation system of A. gallica was optimized,and there was a significant difference in the transformation rate before and after optimization (P<0.05). After optimization,the transformation efficiency of A. gallica was about 4.33%,which was about eight times higher than that before optimization.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939644

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To establish a nomogram model for predicting the risk of death of very preterm infants during hospitalization.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 1 714 very preterm infants who were admitted to the Department of Neonatology, the Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, from January 2015 to December 2019. These infants were randomly divided into a training cohort (1 179 infants) and a validation cohort (535 infants) at a ratio of 7∶3. The logistic regression analysis was used to screen out independent predictive factors and establish a nomogram model, and the feasibility of the nomogram model was assessed by the validation set. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), calibration curve, and decision curve analysis (DCA) were used to assess the discriminatory ability, accuracy, and clinical applicability of the model.@*RESULTS@#Among the 1 714 very preterm infants, 260 died and 1 454 survived during hospitalization. By the multivariate logistic regression analysis of the training set, 8 variables including gestational age <28 weeks, birth weight <1 000 g, severe asphyxia, severe intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), grade III-IV respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), and sepsis, cesarean section, and use of prenatal glucocorticoids were selected and a nomogram model for predicting the risk of death during hospitalization was established. In the training cohort, the nomogram model had an AUC of 0.790 (95%CI: 0.751-0.828) in predicting the death of very preterm infants during hospitalization, while in the validation cohort, it had an AUC of 0.808 (95%CI: 0.754-0.861). The Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test showed a good fit (P>0.05). DCA results showed a high net benefit of clinical intervention in very preterm infants when the threshold probability was 10%-60% for the training cohort and 10%-70% for the validation cohort.@*CONCLUSIONS@#A nomogram model for predicting the risk of death during hospitalization has been established and validated in very preterm infants, which can help clinicians predict the probability of death during hospitalization in these infants.


Subject(s)
Cesarean Section , Female , Fetal Growth Retardation , Hospitalization , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Infant, Premature, Diseases , Nomograms , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939587

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a widespread infectious disease that causes a significant disease burden on society. To achieve early intervention and to prevent outbreaks of disease, we propose a novel warning model that can accurately predict the incidence of HFMD.@*Methods@#We propose a spatial-temporal graph convolutional network (STGCN) that combines spatial factors for surrounding cities with historical incidence over a certain time period to predict the future occurrence of HFMD in Guangdong and Shandong between 2011 and 2019. The 2011-2018 data served as the training and verification set, while data from 2019 served as the prediction set. Six important parameters were selected and verified in this model and the deviation was displayed by the root mean square error and the mean absolute error.@*Results@#As the first application using a STGCN for disease forecasting, we succeeded in accurately predicting the incidence of HFMD over a 12-week period at the prefecture level, especially for cities of significant concern.@*Conclusions@#This model provides a novel approach for infectious disease prediction and may help health administrative departments implement effective control measures up to 3 months in advance, which may significantly reduce the morbidity associated with HFMD in the future.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Cities/epidemiology , Data Visualization , Disease Outbreaks/statistics & numerical data , Forecasting/methods , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease/prevention & control , Humans , Incidence , Neural Networks, Computer , Reproducibility of Results , Spatio-Temporal Analysis , Time Factors
11.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 503-508, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935893

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the preliminary efficacy, perioperative management and complications of Le Fort Ⅲ osteotomy and midface distraction in patients with syndromic craniosynostosis by retrospective analysis, and to provide clinical experience for reference. Methods: From October 2017 to January 2020, 20 patients with syndromic craniosynostosis underwent Le Fort Ⅲ osteotomy and distraction in The Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of Peking University International Hospital, including 11 males and 9 females, were involved. The median age was 7 years (1.5 to 15 years). Preoperative risk prevention plan was put forward by multidisciplinary evaluation, and preoperative intervention was carried out. The diagnostic data of SNA, airway volume, polysomnography (PSG), ophthalmology and occlusal relationship were obtained through specialized examination, and osteotomy and distraction surgical plan was formulated through virtual surgical planning. CT was taken 1 week and 3, 6, 12 months after operation, PSG and eye protrudence examination were conducted to evaluate the therapeutic effect, syndrome type, multiple disciplinary treatment (MDT) intervention, occurrence and outcome of complications were summarized. Results: There were 15 cases of Crouzon syndrome and 5 cases of Pfeiffer syndrome. Sleep apnea was the first complaint in 18 cases and exophthalmia in 2 cases. Preoperative interventional therapy included 4 cases of adenoid surgery, 2 cases of continuous positive airway pressure and 2 cases of maxillary expansion. The most common surgical complications were accidental fracture (14/20 cases, 70%), cerebrospinal fluid fistula (2 cases), internal carotid cavernous sinus fistula (1 case), postoperative hyponatraemia (5 cases), crying syndrome (2 cases), wound infection (2 cases), trichiasis of lower eyelid (4 cases), and nasal malformation (1 case). Three cases underwent unplanned secondary surgery. SNA, airway volume and mean percutaneous arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2) six months after operation were significantly higher than those before operation (F=10.09, P=0.001; F=5.13, P<0.001; F=10.78, P=0.001), and the protrusion and apnea hypopnea index were significantly lower than those before surgery (F=6.73, P=0.010; F=18.47, P<0.001). There were no significant differences in SNA, airway volume, mean SpO2, ophthalmology between 6 months after surgery and 1 year after surgery (P>0.05). Conclusions: Perioperative safety assessment and early intervention of MDT is an effective diagnosis and treatment model of Le Fort Ⅲ osteotomy and distraction for syndromic craniosynosis. The operative complications are mainly local, and systemic complications are controllable.


Subject(s)
Cephalometry , Child , Craniosynostoses/surgery , Female , Humans , Male , Osteogenesis, Distraction , Osteotomy, Le Fort , Retrospective Studies , Syndrome
12.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 447-451, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935718

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical features of IgE-mediated cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) in children aged 0-5 years. Methods: This cross-sectional study collected the data on children diagnosed with CMPA in the Department of Allergy at the Children's Hospital of the Capital Institute of Pediatrics from October 2019 to November 2020 and improved peripheral blood routine,total IgE defection, milk specific IgE (sIgE) defection,SPT and milk component defection,diagnosis of severe anaphylaxis based on clinical manifestations. Rank-sum test and chi-square test are used for statistical analysis of clinical characteristics between groups. Results: A total of 106 children (67 boys and 39 girls) were enrolled with the age of 15 (8, 34) months, including 42 cases (≤ 1 year of age), 39 cases (>1-<3 years of age) and 25 cases(≥3 years of age), the onset age of 6 (5, 8) months. Among them, 95 cases (89.6%) were reacted after consuming milk or its products, 42 cases (39.6%) had reaction due to skin contact and 11 cases (10.4%) reacted after exclusive breastfeeding. The onset time of milk product consumption was 45 (1, 120) min, skin contact pathway was 10 (5, 30) min and symptoms in breastfeeding pathway was 121 (61, 180) min. There was statistical difference among the time of symptoms (χ2=77.01, P<0.001).The cutaneous reaction was most common (100 cases, 94.3%), followed by digestive (20 cases, 18.9%) and respiratory (16 cases, 15.1%), and the nervous symptoms (1 case, 0.9%) were uncommon and 24 cases (22.6%) had at least one episode of anaphylaxis. There were 87 cases (82.1%) also diagnosed with other food allergies, 94 cases (88.7%) with previous eczema, 57 cases (53.8%) with history of rhinitis, and 23 cases (21.7%) with history of wheezing. The total IgE level was 191.01 (64.71, 506.80) kU/L, and the cow's milk sIgE level was 3.03 (1.11, 15.24) kU/L. The maximum diameter of the wheal in SPT was 8.2 (4.0, 12.0) mm. Component resolved diagnosis showed that 77 cases (81.9%) were sensitized to at least one out of 4 main components, including casein, α lactalbumin, β lactoglobulin and bovine serum albumin.The possibility of anaphylaxis in children with milk sIgE grade Ⅳ-Ⅵ was higher than that in children with grade 0-Ⅲ (57.7% (15/26) vs. 12.5% (10/80), OR=9.545, 95%CI 3.435-26.523). Children with milk SPT ≥+++ had a higher probability of anaphylaxis than those with milk SPT ≤++ (34.4% (11/32) vs. 11.5% (3/26), OR=4.016, 95%CI 0.983-16.400). Anaphylaxis were more common in α lactalbumin positive children than in negative children (34.3% (13/38) vs. 14.2% (8/56), χ2=1.23,P=0.042). Conclusions: CMPA in children has early onset and diversified clinical manifestations, which are mainly cutaneous symptoms. Most children are sensitized to at least one allergen component. Serum sIgE level, SPT reaction and allergen components play important roles in the diagnosis and evaluation of CMPA, and higher milk sIgE level may predict a higher risk of anaphylaxis.


Subject(s)
Allergens , Anaphylaxis/etiology , Animals , Cattle , Child , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Immunoglobulin E , Lactalbumin , Male , Milk Hypersensitivity/diagnosis , Skin Tests
13.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 435-441, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935716

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the heterogeneity and correlation of clinical phenotypes and genotypes in children with disorders of sex development (DSD). Methods: A retrospective study of 1 235 patients with clinically proposed DSD in 36 pediatric medical institutions across the country from January 2017 to May 2021. After capturing 277 DSD-related candidate genes, second-generation sequencing was performed to analyzed the heterogeneity and correlation combined with clinical phenotypes. Results: Among 1 235 children with clinically proposed DSD, 980 were males and 255 were females of social gender at the time of initial diagnosis with the age ranged from 1 day of age to 17.92 years. A total of 443 children with pathogenic variants were detected through molecular genetic studies, with a positive detection rate of 35.9%. The most common clinical phenotypes were micropenis (455 cases), hypospadias (321 cases), and cryptorchidism (172 cases) and common mutations detected were in SRD5A2 gene (80 cases), AR gene (53 cases) and CYP21A2 gene (44 cases). Among them, the SRD5A2 mutation is the most common in children with simple micropenis and simple hypospadias, while the AMH mutation is the most common in children with simple cryptorchidism. Conclusions: The SRD5A2 mutation is the most common genetic variant in Chinese children with DSD, and micropenis, cryptorchidism, and hypospadias are the most common clinical phenotypes. Molecular diagnosis can provide clues about the biological basis of DSD, and can also guide clinicians to perform specific clinical examinations. Target sequence capture probes and next-generation sequencing technology can provide effective and economical genetic diagnosis for children with DSD.


Subject(s)
3-Oxo-5-alpha-Steroid 4-Dehydrogenase/genetics , Child , China/epidemiology , Cryptorchidism/genetics , Disorders of Sex Development/genetics , Female , Genital Diseases, Male , Genotype , Humans , Hypospadias/genetics , Male , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Penis/abnormalities , Phenotype , Retrospective Studies , Steroid 21-Hydroxylase/genetics
14.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 119-123, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935654

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize and analyze the clinical characteristics and gene mutations of 6 patients with Wiedemann-Steiner syndrome (WDSTS). Methods: To review and analyze the clinical data, including general conditions, clinical manifestations, growth hormone, cranial or pituitary gland magnetic resonance imaging (MRI),gene results and other data, 6 cases with WDSTS admitted to the Department of Endocrinology, Genetics and Metabolism of Jiangxi Provincial Children's Hospital and the Department of Child Care of Pingxiang Maternity and Child Care from April 2017 to February 2021 were recruited. Results: Of the 6 patients, 2 were male and 4 were female. The age of the first visit ranged from 1.0 to 11.2 years. All the 6 children presented with growth retardation and mental retardation and they all had typical facial dysmorphism and hypertrichosis (mainly on the back and limbs). Among them, case 5 had a growth hormone deficiency, and case 2 and 4 had abnormalities revealed by cranial MRI. Variations in KMT2A gene were identified in these 6 patients: c.10900+2T>C,c.10837C>T(p.Gln3613*), c.4332G>A(p.E1444E), c.2508dupC(p.W838Lfs*9), c.11695_11696delinsT(p.T3899Sfs*73), c.9915dupA (p.P3306Tfs*22).Among these variations, c.4332G>A, c.11695_11696delinsT and c.9915dupA were novel mutations. Therefore, the final diagnosis of these patients was WDSTS. Conclusions: Patients presented with short stature and mental retardation, typical facial dysmorphism and hypertrichosis should be considered WDSTS. Whole-exome sequencing plays an important role in disease diagnosis and genetic counseling.


Subject(s)
Abnormalities, Multiple , Child , Child, Preschool , Craniofacial Abnormalities , Female , Growth Disorders/genetics , Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase , Humans , Hypertrichosis/genetics , Infant , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Male , Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein , Pregnancy , Syndrome
15.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 30-35, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935635

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the clinical characteristics of different types of human adenovirus (HAdV) infection in hospitalized children with acute respiratory infection in Beijing, and to clarify the clinical necessity of adenovirus typing. Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 9 022 respiratory tract specimens collected from hospitalized children with acute respiratory infection from November 2017 to October 2019 in Affiliated Children's Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics were screened for HAdV by direct immunofluorescence (DFA) and (or) nucleic acid detection. Then the Penton base, Hexon and Fiber gene of HAdV were amplified from HAdV positive specimens to confirm their HAdV types by phylogenetic tree construction. Clinical data such as laboratory results and imaging data were analyzed for children with predominate type HAdV infection using t, U, or χ2 test. Results: There were 392 cases (4.34%) positive for HAdV among 9 022 specimens from hospitalized children with acute respiratory infection. Among those 205 cases who were successfully typed, 131 were male and 74 were female, age of 22.6 (6.7, 52.5) months,102 cases (49.76%) were positive for HAdV-3 and 86 cases (41.95%), HAdV-7, respectively, while 17 cases were confirmed as HAdV-1, 2, 4, 6, 14 or 21. In comparison of clinical characteristics between the predominate HAdV type 7 and 3 infection, significant differences were shown in proportions of children with wheezing (10 cases (11.63%) vs. 25 cases (24.51%)), white blood cell count >15 ×109/L (4 cases (4.65%) vs.14 cases (13.73%)), white blood cell count <5×109/L (26 cases (30.23%) vs.11 cases (10.78%)), procalcitonin level>0.5 mg/L (43 cases (50.00%) vs. 29 cases (28.43%)), multilobar infiltration (45 cases (52.33%) vs.38 cases (37.25%)), pleural effusion (23 cases (26.74%) vs. 10 cases (9.80%)), and severe adenovirus pneumonia (7 cases (8.14%) vs. 2 cases (1.96%)) with χ²=5.11, 4.44, 11.16, 9.19, 4.30, 9.25, 3.91 and P=0.024, 0.035, 0.001, 0.002, 0.038, 0.002, 0.048, respectively, and also in length of hospital stay (11 (8, 15) vs. 7 (5, 13) d, Z=3.73, P<0.001). Conclusions: HAdV-3 and 7 were the predominate types of HAdV infection in hospitalized children with acute respiratory tract infection in Beijing. Compared with HAdV-3 infection, HAdV-7 infection caused more obvious inflammatory reaction, more severe pulmonary symptoms, longer length of hospital stay, suggesting the clinical necessity of further typing of HAdVs.


Subject(s)
Adenovirus Infections, Human/epidemiology , Adenoviruses, Human/genetics , Beijing/epidemiology , Child , Child, Hospitalized , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Phylogeny , Respiratory Tract Infections/epidemiology
16.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 431-435, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935407

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a sustainable updated literature data warehouse for global vaccine safety assessment, and provide data support for evidence-based vaccine safety assessment. Methods: Semi-automated construction and updating of a literature data warehouse were achieved through the continuous integration of standard operating steps of evidence-based reviews with artificial intelligence technologies. Following the standard procedure of a systematic literature review, the literatures about vaccine safety assessment published before November 29, 2020 were retrieved from 9 databases including OVID, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and ClinicalTrails.org in English and Wanfang, CNKI, VIP, and SinoMed in Chinese. Literatures were screened for two rounds in a semi-automatic manner (by artificial intelligence literature processing system and manual work) according to the inclusion/exclusion criteria. Furthermore, the literatures were classified according to the types of vaccines and adverse events. The updating strategy was established, and the literature data warehouse was updated regularly. Experts were organized to select specific vaccine safety topics and carry out special demonstration studies. Results: More than 0.41 million articles were retrieved. According to the inclusion/exclusion criteria, 23 304 articles were included after two rounds of screening. At present, we have selected and completed three prior topics as demonstration studies, including the systematic review of "DPT (diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus) vaccine and encephalopathy/encephalitis", and the classified management of literatures about allergic purpura and brachial plexus neuritis. Conclusions: The sustainable updated literature data warehouse of vaccine safety can provide high-quality research data for vaccine safety research, including evidence support for immunization related policy-making and adjustment and vaccine safety-related methodological research or clinical tool development; and further demonstration studies can provide references for building a new methodological framework system for timely and efficient completion of the evidence-based assessment of vaccine safety.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , Data Warehousing , Humans , Tetanus , Tetanus Toxoid , Whooping Cough/prevention & control
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930084

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma is a common malignant tumor in China, and its global incidence continues to rise and the mortality rate is high. Aberrations in the liver genome lead to malignant transformation of cells and the development of hepatocellular carcinoma, which are also potential therapeutic targets. Different immune cell components in the hepatocellular carcinoma microenvironment, such as tumor-associated macrophages, neutrophils, can promote tumor progression, and cytotoxic T lymphocytes can destroy tumor cells. Different characteristic gene phenotypes in cells can promote or inhibit immune tolerance, which can explain the potential reasons for the sensitivity or resistance of hepatocellular carcinoma patients to immunotherapy, and provide a reference for the exploration of new immunotherapy targets. Further deepening the understanding of the genomic and transcriptomic features in hepatocellular carcinoma and its correlation with immunotherapy can provide new ideas for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

18.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 154-160, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928527

ABSTRACT

Corticosteroid switching can reverse abiraterone resistance in some patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). Here, we investigated the potential biomarkers for predicting the efficacy of corticosteroid switching during treatment with abiraterone acetate (AA). We retrospectively analyzed 101 mCRPC patients receiving corticosteroid switching from West China Hospital and Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center between January 2016 and December 2018. All cases received AA plus prednisone as first-line therapy during mCRPC. Primary end points were biochemical progression-free survival (bPFS) and overall survival (OS). The risk groups were defined based on multivariate analysis. A total of 42 (41.6%) and 25 (24.8%) patients achieved 30% and 50% decline in prostate-specific antigen (PSA), respectively, after corticosteroid switching. The median bPFS and median OS on AA plus dexamethasone were 4.9 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.7-6.0) months and 18.8 (95% CI: 16.2-30.2) months, respectively. Aldo-keto reductase family 1 member C3 (AKR1C3) expression (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.15, 95% Cl: 1.22-3.80, P = 0.008) and baseline serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP; HR: 4.95, 95% Cl: 2.40-10.19, P < 0.001) were independent predictors of efficacy before corticosteroid switching in the multivariate analysis of bPFS. Only baseline serum ALP >160 IU l-1 (HR: 3.41, 95% Cl: 1.57-7.38, P = 0.002) together with PSA level at switch ≥50 ng ml-1 (HR: 2.59, 95% Cl: 1.22-5.47, P = 0.013) independently predicted poorer OS. Based on the predictive factors in multivariate analysis, we developed two risk stratification tools to select candidates for corticosteroid switching. Detection of serum ALP level, PSA level, and tissue AKR1C3 expression in mCRPC patients could help make clinical decisions for corticosteroid switching.


Subject(s)
Abiraterone Acetate/therapeutic use , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Androstenes , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Male , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Prostatic Neoplasms, Castration-Resistant/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928085

ABSTRACT

With the rice-steamed Rehmanniae Radix unearthed from the tomb of Haihunhou in the Western Han Dynasty as the re-ference, the present study evaluated the quality of Rehmanniae Radix and investigated the processing technology of rice-steamed Rehmanniae Radix to lay the foundation for the research on rice-steamed Rehmanniae Radix products. With catalpol and rehmannioside D as the investigation indexes, the quality and grade of Rehmanniae Radix from different producing areas were evaluated with the methods in 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia. UPLC method was established for the determination of catalpol and rehmannioside D in the rice-steamed Rehmanniae Radix. The effects of steaming time, the amount of supplementary rice, and steaming times in the rice-steamed processing on the quality of products were investigated by L_9(3~4) orthogonal test and multi-index comprehensive balance scoring method combined with the content of catalpol and rehmannioside D and appearance characteristics. At last, the stability of the processing technology was tested. The results showed that the optimal processing technology for rice-steamed Rehmanniae Radix was as follows: Rehmanniae Radix and rice(200 g∶4 g) were steamed twice at atmospheric pressure, four hours each time. The mass fractions of catalpol and rehmannioside D were 0.184% and 0.335%, respectively, and the character score was 6.5. The processing conditions are reaso-nable, stable, and feasible. It can provide a basis for the restoration of the ancient rice-steamed processing technology and references for the development of rice-steamed Rehmanniae Radix products in the future.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Oryza , Plant Extracts , Rehmannia , Technology
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928013

ABSTRACT

The present study established the spectrum-effect relationship model of flavonoids in Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium(CRP) from 15 batches of Liujunzi Decoction and statistically analyzed the correlation between chemical peaks and efficacy to identify the main effective components. HPLC fingerprints of flavonoids in CRP from 15 batches of Liujunzi Decoction were established. HPLC analysis was carried out on the Venusil XBP C_(18)(L) column(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) at 30 ℃ with acetonitrile-water(containing 0.1% formic acid) as mobile phase for gradient elution, a flow rate of 1.0 mL·min~(-1), and detection wavelength of 300 nm to obtain chemical fingerprints. Additionally, the effects of flavonoids from CRP in 15 batches of Liujunzi Decoction on the content of GAS, MTL, and VIP, TFF3 mRNA expression, and percentage of CD3~+ T-cells of model rats with spleen deficiency were determined. The spectrum-effect relationship model was established by gray correlation analysis. The results showed that the main characteristic peaks with great contribution to the regulation of gastrointestinal tract were peak 16(vicenin-2), peak 63(sinensetin), peak 64(isosinensetin), peak 65(nobiletin), peak 67(3,5,6,7,8,3',4'-heptemthoxyflavone), peak 68(tangeretin), and peak 69(5-desmethylnobiletin). Therefore, there was a linear correlation between flavonoids from CRP in Liujunzi Decoction and the efficacy, and the medicinal effect was achieved by multi-component action. This study is expected to provide a new idea for exploring the material basis of the effect, i.e., regulating qi prior to replenishing qi, of CRP in Liujunzi Decoction.


Subject(s)
Animals , Citrus/chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Flavonoids/pharmacology , Hormones , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Rats , Spleen
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