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1.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 1170-1185, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010819

ABSTRACT

OX40 is a costimulatory receptor that is expressed primarily on activated CD4+, CD8+, and regulatory T cells. The ligation of OX40 to its sole ligand OX40L potentiates T cell expansion, differentiation, and activation and also promotes dendritic cells to mature to enhance their cytokine production. Therefore, the use of agonistic anti-OX40 antibodies for cancer immunotherapy has gained great interest. However, most of the agonistic anti-OX40 antibodies in the clinic are OX40L-competitive and show limited efficacy. Here, we discovered that BGB-A445, a non-ligand-competitive agonistic anti-OX40 antibody currently under clinical investigation, induced optimal T cell activation without impairing dendritic cell function. In addition, BGB-A445 dose-dependently and significantly depleted regulatory T cells in vitro and in vivo via antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity. In the MC38 syngeneic model established in humanized OX40 knock-in mice, BGB-A445 demonstrated robust and dose-dependent antitumor efficacy, whereas the ligand-competitive anti-OX40 antibody showed antitumor efficacy characterized by a hook effect. Furthermore, BGB-A445 demonstrated a strong combination antitumor effect with an anti-PD-1 antibody. Taken together, our findings show that BGB-A445, which does not block OX40-OX40L interaction in contrast to clinical-stage anti-OX40 antibodies, shows superior immune-stimulating effects and antitumor efficacy and thus warrants further clinical investigation.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor/physiology , Receptors, OX40 , Membrane Glycoproteins , Ligands , Antibodies, Monoclonal/pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971074

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the application value of transport ventilator in the inter-hospital transport of critically ill children.@*METHODS@#The critically ill children in Hunan Children's Hospital who were transported with or without a transport ventilator were included as the observation group (from January 2019 to January 2020; n=122) and the control group (from January 2018 to January 2019; n=120), respectively. The two groups were compared in terms of general data, the changes in heart rate, respiratory rate, and blood oxygen saturation during transport, the incidence rates of adverse events, and outcomes.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences between the two groups in sex, age, oxygenation index, pediatric critical illness score, course of disease, primary disease, heart rate, respiratory rate, and transcutaneous oxygen saturation before transport (P>0.05). During transport, there were no significant differences between the two groups in the changes in heart rate, respiratory rate, and transcutaneous oxygen saturation (P>0.05). The incidence rates of tracheal catheter detachment, indwelling needle detachment, and sudden cardiac arrest in the observation group were lower than those in the control group during transport, but the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). Compared with the control group, the observation group had significantly shorter duration of mechanical ventilation and length of stay in the pediatric intensive care unit and significantly higher transport success rate and cure/improvement rate (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The application of transport ventilator in the inter-hospital transport can improve the success rate of inter-hospital transport and the prognosis in critically ill children, and therefore, it holds promise for clinical application in the inter-hospital transport of critically ill children.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Critical Illness , Respiration, Artificial/adverse effects , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Ventilators, Mechanical , Prognosis
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981995

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the role of plasma exchange combined with continuous blood purification in the treatment of refractory Kawasaki disease shock syndrome (KDSS).@*METHODS@#A total of 35 children with KDSS who were hospitalized in the Department of Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hunan Children's Hospital, from January 2019 to August 2022 were included as subjects. According to whether plasma exchange combined with continuous veno-venous hemofiltration dialysis was performed, they were divided into a purification group with 12 patients and a conventional group with 23 patients. The two groups were compared in terms of clinical data, laboratory markers, and prognosis.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the conventional group, the purification group had significantly shorter time to recovery from shock and length of hospital stay in the pediatric intensive care unit, as well as a significantly lower number of organs involved during the course of the disease (P<0.05). After treatment, the purification group had significant reductions in the levels of interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-α, heparin-binding protein, and brain natriuretic peptide (P<0.05), while the conventional group had significant increases in these indices after treatment (P<0.05). After treatment, the children in the purification group tended to have reductions in stroke volume variation, thoracic fluid content, and systemic vascular resistance and an increase in cardiac output over the time of treatment.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Plasma exchange combined with continuous veno-venous hemofiltration dialysis for the treatment of KDSS can alleviate inflammation, maintain fluid balance inside and outside blood vessels, and shorten the course of disease, the duration of shock and the length of hospital stay in the pediatric intensive care unit.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Plasma Exchange , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/therapy , Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy , Renal Dialysis , Plasmapheresis , Shock
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927655

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To develop effective alternatives to natural enzymes, it is crucial to develop nanozymes that are economical, resource efficient, and environmentally conscious. Carbon nanomaterials that have enzyme-like activities have been extensively developed as substitutes for traditional enzymes.@*Methods@#Carbide-derived carbons (CDCs) were directly synthesized via a one-step electrochemical method from a MAX precursor using an ammonium bifluoride electrolyte at ambient conditions. The CDCs were characterized by systematic techniques.@*Results@#CDCs showed bienzyme-like activities similar to that of peroxidase and superoxide dismutase. We systematically studied the dependence of CDC enzyme-like activity on different electrolytes and electrolysis times to confirm activity dependence on CDC content. Additionally, the synthesis mechanism and CDC applicability were elaborated and demonstrated, respectively.@*Conclusion@#The demonstrated synthesis strategy eliminates tedious intercalation and delamination centrifugation steps and avoids using high concentrations of HF, high temperatures, and halogen gases. This study paves the way for designing two-dimensional material-based nanocatalysts for nanoenzyme and other applications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ammonium Compounds/chemical synthesis , Carbon/chemistry , Electrochemical Techniques , Enzymes , Fluorides/chemical synthesis , Nanostructures , Oxidation-Reduction
5.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 999-1002, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936518

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand sexual orientation and characteristics of sexual behaviors related with HIV infection among HIV positive male college students in Beijing and to provide suggestions for development of sexual health education and HIV prevention strategy for student population.@*Methods@#HIV positive male college students diagnosed from 2016 to June 30, 2019 in Beijing were recruited. Questionnaire was used to retrospectively investigate sexual orientation and characteristics of sexual behaviors before HIV infection. Behaviors related to HIV infection were compared between absolutely homosexual and others sexual orientation.@*Results@#The average age of male students firstly identified to be HIV positive was (22.18±2.70) years old, 61.5%(123) of them were undergraduate, 69.5%(139) were not registered permanent residency in Beijing, 38.5%(77) of their interviewed sexual partners were from online chat and 83.0%(166) had homosexual behaviors. Sexual orientation score analysis showed that 50.0% of the participants self identified as exclusively homosexual. Compared with other sexual oriental group, exclusively homosexual group had lower mean age of their HIV infection firstly identified( t =2.77, P =0.01), higher rate of Rush use, firstly insertive sexual behavior with male, firstly insertive sexual behavior before 18 years old, sexual partners more than three persons, having regular partners, nonpersistent use of condom, being diagnosed of sexual transmitted disease and the frequency of homosexual behaviors more than 1 time per month ( χ 2=5.15,28.06,4.16,5.34,5.89,7.39,6.68, P <0.05). Rush users had higher rate of STD diagnosis than non users in exclusively homosexual group ( χ 2=6.26, P =0.01).@*Conclusion@#Risky sexual behaviors associated with HIV infection were higher in exclusively homosexual group then other sexual orientation groups among HIV positive male college students. Family and school should concern with sexual health education byreinforcing health education via network media to improve college students’ awarenees on HIV/AIDS.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928595

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the efficacy and application value of plasma exchange as an adjuvant therapy in children with hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS).@*METHODS@#A prospective randomized controlled trial was designed. Forty children with severe HPS were enrolled, who were treated in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of Hunan Children's Hospital from October 2018 to October 2020. The children were randomly divided into a plasma exchange group and a conventional treatment group using a random number table, with 20 children in each group. The children in the conventional treatment group received etiological treatment and conventional symptomatic supportive treatment, and those in the plasma exchange group received plasma exchange in addition to the treatment in the conventional treatment group. The two groups were compared in terms of general information, clinical symptoms and signs before and after treatment, main laboratory markers, treatment outcome, and prognosis.@*RESULTS@#Before treatment, there were no significant differences between the two groups in gender, age, course of the disease before admission, etiological composition, pediatric critical illness score, involvement of organ or system functions, and laboratory markers (P>0.05). After 7 days of treatment, both groups had remission and improvement in clinical symptoms and signs. After treatment, the plasma exchange group had significantly lower levels of C-reactive protein, procalcitonin, and serum protein levels than the conventional treatment group (P<0.05). The plasma exchange group also had significantly lower levels of alanine aminotransferase and total bilirubin than the conventional treatment group (P<0.05). The length of stay in the PICU in the plasma exchange group was significantly shorter than that in the conventional treatment group (P<0.05). The plasma exchange group had a significantly higher treatment response rate than the conventional treatment group (P<0.05). There were no significant differences between the two groups in the total length of hospital stay and 3-month mortality rate (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Plasma exchange as an adjuvant therapy is effective for children with severe HPS. It can improve clinical symptoms and signs and some laboratory markers and shorten the length of stay in the PICU, and therefore, it may become an optional adjuvant therapy for children with severe HPS.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic/therapy , Plasma Exchange , Plasmapheresis , Prospective Studies
7.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 755-760, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014215

ABSTRACT

Aim To study and verify the effeet and po¬tential mechanism of punicalagin ( Pun) in the treat-ment of depression by preliminary experiments based on network pharmacology.Methods The intersection genes of Pun and depression were obtained through the database, and protein interaction ( PPI ), GO and KEGG were enriched and analyzed.Molecular docking technology was used to preliminarily verify the binding ability of Pun active components to core therapeutic targets.The depression model of CUMS mice was es¬tablished by chronic stress, and Pun was administered by gavage.Open field experiments were conducted to investigate behavior changes.The content of neuro¬transmitters in hippocampus was detected by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry ( LC-MS / MS ).Results The results of network pharmacology showed that Pun had 76 targets involved in the occurrence of depression, and PPI network showed that the intersec¬tion genes were closely related.Proteoglycans, lipids and atherosclerosis enriched in cancer.The results of molecular docking showed that there was a good bind¬ing between the compound and the target protein.The results of animal experiments showed that Pun could in¬crease the exploration desire of open field experimental mice.The levels of DA and 5-HT in hippocampus in-creased ( P < 0.05, P < 0.01 ).Conclusions Pun can significantly reduce the depressive state of mice, and its mechanism may act on ALB and AKT1 targets, mediate proteoglycans, lipids and atherosclerotic path¬ways in cancer, so as to improve the secretion of neu¬rotransmitters.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925103

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To investigate urothelial cell proliferation, cytoskeleton, inflammation, and barrier function protein expressions in patients with interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) after intravesical platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections @*Methods@#A total of 19 patients with IC/BPS underwent 4 monthly intravesical PRP injections. Bladder biopsies were taken at the first and fourth PRP treatment. The bladder specimens were analyzed using the Western blot and immunochemical staining for progenitor cell markers for sonic hedgehog (Shh), CD34, and cytoskeleton proteins cytokeratin 5 (CK5), CK14, CK20; barrier function markers for zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1), E-cadherin, and intercellular adhesive molecule-1, tryptase and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β). Global response assessment (GRA) was used to evaluate treatment outcomes. @*Results@#The mean age of patients was 55.6 years. After PRP injections, the functional bladder capacity and maximum flow rate increased, and the visual analogue scale (VAS) of pain, interstitial cystitis (IC) symptom index, IC problem index, O’Leary-Sant symptom score, and GRA improved in all patients. Urothelium Shh, CK5, ZO-1, E-cadherin, and TGF-β expressions increased significantly after repeated PRP injections. By subgrouping, according to PRP treatment outcomes, significant increases in Shh, E-cadherin, and ZO-1 expressions were noted only in patients with GRA ≥1 or improved VAS, but not in patients with GRA=0 and no improvement in VAS. @*Conclusions@#The level of urothelial barrier function protein and cell proliferation protein expression in the patients with IC/BPS was increased after repeat intravesical PRP injections. Intravesical repeat PRP injections may have potential to improve urothelial health and result in symptoms improvement in the patients with IC/BPS.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879437

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy of microscope assisted anterior cervical discectomy and fusion with conventional surgical approach in the treatment of single-segment cervical spondylotic myelopathy.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 89 patients with single-segment cervical spondylotic myelopathy treated from March 2015 to March 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 55 males and 34 females, with an average of (52.00±11.36) years old. Among the patients, 34 cases were treated with conventional anterior cervical discectomy with fusion (conventional group), including C@*RESULTS@#Intraoperative blood loss and hospital stay in microscope group were less than those in conventional group (@*CONCLUSION@#Both methods can achieve satisfactory effect in treating single-segment cervical spondylotic myelopathy. However, microscope-assisted anterior cervical discectomy and fusion has advantages of clear vision, less bleeding and fewer intraoperative complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Diskectomy , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Cord Diseases/surgery , Spinal Fusion , Spondylosis/surgery , Treatment Outcome
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878409

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate caries status and its impact factors in preschool children in plateau and to provide reference for caries prevention in highlands.@*METHODS@#Examination of caries was performed on 1 597 children aged 3-5 years old in 11 kindergartens in Changdu, Xizang, in accordance with the 4th National Oral Health Survey standards and methods. Their parents were surveyed with the questionnaire regarding oral hygiene habit and consciousness about oral health and related factors. All the data were collected and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The prevalence of caries among children aged 3-5 years old in Changdu was 52.85%, with dmft index of 2.44. The caries rate and dmft of children aged 3 years old were lower than those of children aged 4 and 5 years old (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The prevalence of ca-ries in children aged 3-5 years old in Changdu increases with aging. Good oral hygiene and eating habits and regular oral examination can reduce the rate of caries.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Cross-Sectional Studies , DMF Index , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Caries Susceptibility , Oral Health , Oral Hygiene , Prevalence
11.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1812-1815, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906811

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study investigated the use of rush and related factors among HIV positive male students in Beijing, and provided suggestions for education and intervention.@*Methods@#Data on HIV positive male students was collected from 2017 to June 30, 2020 in Beijing and analyzed in SPSS 20.0.@*Results@#A total of 200 valid questionnaires were collected. The mean age at HIV diagnosis was (22.18±2.70) years. The rate of using rush was 46.00%. The proportion with homosexual behavior before infection was 92.00%. The results of multivariate analysis showed that meeting sexual partners through the Internet( OR=3.84, 95%CI =1.65-8.96), drinking alcohol( OR=3.26, 95%CI =1.51-7.02), group homosexual behavior( OR=4.84, 95%CI =1.71-13.71), and STD diagnosis ( OR=0.23, 95%CI =1.02-4.87) were associated with the use of rush before infection.@*Conclusion@#The rate of rush use was higher among male students infected with HIV. Government regulation could be strengthened and drug abuse could be prevented through better health education for students.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877347

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the clinical effect of the Yu flap and the Karapandzic flap in repairing greater than 2/3 defects of the lower lip and to provide a reference for clinical application.@*Methods@#Ten patients with greater than 2/3 lower lip defects after surgical resection of lower lip tumors and vascular malformations were enrolled: 5 patients were repaired with the Yu flap (Yu flap group) and 5 patients were repaired with the Karapandzic flap (Karapandzic flap group). Follow-up for at least 1 year was conducted to evaluate the morphology (symmetry, stoma, exposure of vermilion) and function (sensory function, motor function) of the reconstructed lower lip.@*Results @#All the flaps survived, and all wounds showed primary healing. The lower lips reconstructed with the Yu flap or the Karapandzic flap obtained similar satisfactory oral function. The sensory function was essentially restored. There were no obvious obstacles in speech and expression, and no saliva leakage occurred. In the Yu flap group, only 1 patient had slight microstomia. In the Karapandzic flap group, 2 patients had slight microstomia and 3 patients had moderate microstomia. 90% (9/10) of the patients were very satisfied with the postoperative outcome, and 1 patient in the Karapandzic flap group was basically satisfied. @*Conclusion@#Both the Yu flap and the Karapandzic flap can be used to repair greater than 2/3 lower lip defects and reliable outcomes can be achieved. These two methods can achieve similar oral functions, but the effect of the Karapandzic flap is inferior to that of the Yu flap in terms of aesthetic appearance, and microstomia often occurs, while the Yu flap can generally maintain the original size of the mouth cleft.

13.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 873-877, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825202

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To investigate the mental health status of the pupils from Grade Four and Five in Jiading District of Shanghai, and to provide evidence for mental health intervention.@*Methods @# All the students from Grade Four and Five in Jiading District, Shanghai were selected as survey objects. The MHT was used to evaluate their mental health status, and the influencing factors of mental health problems were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression model.@*Results @#A total of 3 788 questionnaires were issued, of which 3 100 ones were valid and the effective rate was 81.84%. The detection rate of mental health problems was 17.06%. The detection rates of impulse tendency, terror tendency, physical symptoms, sensitivity tendency, self-blame tendency, loneliness tendency, anxiety towards people and learning anxiety were 11.77%, 15.55%, 12.97%, 16.19%, 10.10%, 4.81%, 13.16% and 14.00%, respectively. The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that female students ( OR=1.617,95%CI: 1.325-1.974 ) , poor self-rated appearance ( OR=3.683, 95%CI: 2.428-5.586 ) ,only one or two friends ( OR=1.806, 95%CI: 1.342-2.428 ) , poor academic performance ( OR=1.626, 95%CI: 1.167-2.267 ) , primary school education or below of mother ( OR=1.539, 95%CI: 1.107-2.139 ) general or poor relationship with mother ( OR=1.785, 95%CI: 1.303-2.444 ) or father ( OR=1.745, 95%CI: 1.336-2.280 ) were risk factors for mental health problems. @*Conclusion @#The fourth-to fifth-grade primary school students in Jiading District of Shanghai have high detection rate of psychological problems. Gender, the number of friends, academic performance, education level of mother and the relation with parents are associated.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891058

ABSTRACT

Patients with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD) experience urinary incontinence with or without difficult urination, which might promote recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) and exacerbate upper urinary tract function. Nonetheless, appropriate bladder management has been shown to reduce urological complications and improve quality of life. In addition to pharmacological therapy and surgical intervention, botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) has been widely utilized in NLUTD. The therapeutic efficacy of detrusor BoNT-A injections for neurogenic detrusor overactivity due to spinal cord injury (SCI), multiple sclerosis, or other central nervous system lesions, such as cerebrovascular accident, Parkinson disease, early dementia, and pediatric NLUTD due to myelomeningocele, has been well established, with repeated BoNT-A injections every 6 to 9 months being necessary to maintain its therapeutic effects. Urethral BoNT-A injection can decrease urethral sphincter resistance and facilitate efficient voiding in patients with NLUTD who wish to preserve self-voiding. Detrusor BoNT-A injection can also decrease the occurrence of autonomic dysreflexia in patients with SCI, even after failed augmentation enterocystoplasty, with additional benefits including reduced UTI episodes and preserved renal function with repeated injections. However, this treatment does have some side effects. Complete informed consent for BoNT-A injection therapy with full disclosure of its potential complications should therefore be obtained before this procedure is undertaken.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828990

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Owing to antibiotic abuse and the subsequent development of antibiotic resistance, bacterial infection has become one of the most persistent unresolved problems. New antibacterial agents, especially those that are environmental-friendly, are urgently needed.@*Methods@#Melanin extracted by filtration centrifugation and acid and proteolytic hydrolysis was characterized using UV, FTIR, TEM, and XPS. Photothermal conversion was calculated, and the bacteriostatic effects, and , were assessed by plate counting and ratios (%) of wound areas.@*Results@#Natural melanin hydrolyzed by trypsin had good photothermal conversion effects, which resulted in superior bacteriostatic activities. The extracted melanin along with laser NIR irradiation at 808 nm promoted the healing of wounds infected by drug-resistant bacteria and was biocompatible according to toxicity tests and .@*Conclusion@#The present findings indicated a safe and efficient method of developing natural antibacterial agents.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Animal Shells , Chemistry , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Pharmacology , Escherichia coli , Radiation Effects , Escherichia coli Infections , Drug Therapy , Melanins , Pharmacology , Mytilus edulis , Chemistry , Photochemical Processes , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Staphylococcal Infections , Drug Therapy , Staphylococcus aureus , Radiation Effects , Wound Healing
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898762

ABSTRACT

Patients with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD) experience urinary incontinence with or without difficult urination, which might promote recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) and exacerbate upper urinary tract function. Nonetheless, appropriate bladder management has been shown to reduce urological complications and improve quality of life. In addition to pharmacological therapy and surgical intervention, botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) has been widely utilized in NLUTD. The therapeutic efficacy of detrusor BoNT-A injections for neurogenic detrusor overactivity due to spinal cord injury (SCI), multiple sclerosis, or other central nervous system lesions, such as cerebrovascular accident, Parkinson disease, early dementia, and pediatric NLUTD due to myelomeningocele, has been well established, with repeated BoNT-A injections every 6 to 9 months being necessary to maintain its therapeutic effects. Urethral BoNT-A injection can decrease urethral sphincter resistance and facilitate efficient voiding in patients with NLUTD who wish to preserve self-voiding. Detrusor BoNT-A injection can also decrease the occurrence of autonomic dysreflexia in patients with SCI, even after failed augmentation enterocystoplasty, with additional benefits including reduced UTI episodes and preserved renal function with repeated injections. However, this treatment does have some side effects. Complete informed consent for BoNT-A injection therapy with full disclosure of its potential complications should therefore be obtained before this procedure is undertaken.

17.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 63-68, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745213

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of multiple non-gaussian distribution models DWI in evaluating hepatic ischemia reperfusion injury (HIRI) model in rats.Methods Forty-two SD rats were divided into 7 groups by random numeric table method.Each group had 6 rats.The 7 groups were 6 h,12 h,1 d,3 d,7 d,14 d group after HIRI and control group,respectively.The experimental groups underwent right hepatic portal vein and hepatic artery ligation,and received reperfusion 3 h after operation.MRI scanning (T1WI,T2WI,single b-values DWI and 15 b-values DWI) was performed at 6 h,12 h,1 d,3 d,7 d and 14 d after reperfusion.The control group underwent sham operation and MRI scanning.According to monoexponential model,biexponential model,threxponential model,stretched-exponential model DWI and diffusion kurtosis imaging,many parametres were obtained and their dynamic changes at each time point were observed.The parameters included standard apparent diffusion coefficient (ADCs),pure diffusion coefficients (D),pseudodiffusion coefficients (D*),perfusion fraction (f),ultra-high apparent diffusion coefficient (ADCu),distributed diffusion coefficient (DDC),water diffusion heterogeneity index (or),mean diffusion coefficient (MD) and mean diffusion kurtosis (MK).One way ANOVA was used to compare the differences of parameters among different groups.Results MRI examination and pathological examination were successfully completed in all rats.The right hepatic lobe in the experimental groups appeared hypointense on T1WI and hyperintense on T2WI relative to control group from 6 h after operation.The infarcted liver lobe in the experimental groups became significantly smaller at 1 week after HIRI and almost disappeared at 2 weeks after HIRI.The findings of DWI at different b-values were consistent with those at T2WI.There were significant differences in parameters among 6 h,12 h,1 d,3 d,7 d,14 d groups after HIRI and control group (P<0.05).There were significant differences among 12 h after HIRI,1 d after HIRI,3 d after HIRI and 6 h after HIRI,7 d after HIRI,14 d after HIRI,control group concerning ADCs values respectively (P<0.05).There were significant differences among 6 h after HIRI,12 h after HIRI,1 d after HIRI,3 d after HIRI,7 d after HIRI and 14 d after HIRI,control group concerning D,D*,f,ADCu,α,DDC,MK values respectively (P<0.05).In addition,there were significant differences among 1 d after HIRI,3 d after HIRI and 6 h after HIRI,12 h after HIRI,7 d after HIRI and 14 d after HIRI,control group concerning D values respectively (P<0.05).There were significant differences among 6 h after HIRI,12 h after HIRI,1 d after HIRI,3 d after HIRI and 7 d after HIRI,14 d after HIRI,control group concerning f values respectively (P<0.05).There were significant differences among 12 h after HIRI and 14 d after HIRI,control group concerning MD values respectively (P<0.05).There were significant differences between 1 d after HIRI and 14 d after HIRI concerning MD values (P<0.05).Conclusion Multiple non-gaussian distribution models DWI is superior to conventional DWI in evaluating HIRI model in rats.

18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1293-1297, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800844

ABSTRACT

Background@#Human-immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is increasing worldwide and nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) is an established microbiologic cause of pulmonary disease, lymphadenitis, and disseminated disease in cases of advanced immune suppression. Data on patients coinfected with HIV and NTM are limited. Thus, this study aimed to analyze the clinical characteristics, drug resistance, and pathogen spectrum of patients coinfected with both HIV and NTM in the Chengdu area of China.@*Methods@#Data of 59 patients coinfected with both HIV and NTM collected from the Public Health Clinical Center of Chengdu, between January 2014 and December 2018, were analyzed. NTM drug sensitivity testing was performed using the microporous plate ratio method. Data were analyzed using SPSS 19.0, and the change in drug resistance rate was analyzed using the chi-square (χ2) test.@*Results@#Seven species/complex of NTM were identified from patients coinfected with HIV and NTM in this study, with Mycobacterium avium–intracellulare complex (52.5%) and M. kansasii (27.1%) as the predominant species. Male patients were more affected 50/59 (84.7%); the mean age of the 59 cases was 45 years. The clinical characteristics mainly included anemia (86.4%), cough and expectoration (79.7%). The baseline CD4 count was <50 cells/μL (84.7%). Patients were mainly in advanced acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) stage. Chest imaging mainly showed patchy shadows (42.4%) and nodules (32.2%), with various degrees of AIDS-defining diseases. The drug resistance of NTM was severe, and the rate of isoniazid resistance (100.0%) was the highest, followed by rifampicin (94.9%), streptomycin (94.9%), ofloxacin (93.2%), and others. Ethambutol (52.5%) and clarithromycin (33.9%) were relatively low. No significant difference was found in the drug resistance rate of NTM strain against nine antituberculosis drugs in 5 years (P > 0.05).@*Conclusions@#The immune level of patients coinfected with HIV and NTM is low in advanced AIDS stage; more male are affected in patients who are mainly infected with MAC and M. kansasii and with serious drug resistance. The drug resistance rate of ethambutol and clarithromycin is relatively low.

19.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 541-546, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810762

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the correlation between the level of T-bet expression and liver damage in peripheral plasma cells of patients with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) in order to provide reference for the study of pathogenesis and development of diseases.@*Methods@#The peripheral venous blood and clinical examination data of 29 cases with AIH and 6 healthy volunteers were collected. The percentage of subpopulations of peripheral blood B cells and the proportion of T-bet+ cells in each subgroup were detected by flow cytometry. Plasma cells (CD19+CD10-CD27hiCD38hi), primary B cells (CD19+CD10-CD27-IgD+), transitional B cells (CD19+CD10+), and memory B cells (CD19+CD10-CD27+IgD-) were the included subsets of B cells. Serum immunoglobulin G (IgG) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels, the proportion of B cells in peripheral blood subsets and IgG level, the proportion of T-bet+ cells in each subset and the proportion of T-bet+ plasma cells in each subset in B cells, the proportion of T-bet+ plasma cells and the level of serum ALT were analyzed for correlation analysis. Statistical analysis was performed using two independent sample t-tests and linear regression.@*Results@#The serum IgG level of AIH patients with abnormal ALT (19.47 ± 1.039)g/L was significantly higher than that of normal ALT patients (15.5 ± 1.069)g/L, and the difference was statistically significant (t = 2.65, P < 0.05). The percentage of peripheral plasma cells in B cells of AIH patients (2.80 ± 0.14) % was higher than that of healthy volunteers (0.73 ± 0.09) %, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.01). The percentage of T-bet+ cells in peripheral plasma cells of AIH patients (23.54 ± 1.61) % was higher than that of healthy volunteers (6.59±0.59) % , and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.01). The correlation analysis showed that the proportion of T-bet+ cells in peripheral plasma cells of AIH patients was positively correlated with the proportion of plasma cells to B cells (r = 0.224 7, P < 0.01), and the percentage of peripheral plasma cells to B cells was positively correlated with the level of serum IgG (r = 0.299 1, P < 0.01). Serum IgG level was correlated with the level of ALT, reflecting an indicator of liver damage (t = 2.65, P < 0.05).@*Conclusion@#The increase of T-bet expression in the peripheral plasma cells of AIH patients is associated with liver damage, which is a new mechanism of AIH pathogenesis and disease progression.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771633

ABSTRACT

The clinical treatment of joint contracture due to immobilization remains difficult. The pathological changes of muscle tissue caused by immobilization-induced joint contracture include disuse skeletal muscle atrophy and skeletal muscle tissue fibrosis. The proteolytic pathways involved in disuse muscle atrophy include the ubiquitin-proteasome-dependent pathway, caspase system pathway, matrix metalloproteinase pathway, Ca-dependent pathway and autophagy-lysosomal pathway. The important biological processes involved in skeletal muscle fibrosis include intermuscular connective tissue thickening caused by transforming growth factor-β1 and an anaerobic environment within the skeletal muscle leading to the induction of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α. This article reviews the progress made in understanding the pathological processes involved in immobilization-induced muscle contracture and the currently available treatments. Understanding the mechanisms involved in immobilization-induced contracture of muscle tissue should facilitate the development of more effective treatment measures for the different mechanisms in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Atrophy , Autophagy , Calcium , Metabolism , Caspases , Metabolism , Connective Tissue , Metabolism , Pathology , Contracture , Metabolism , Pathology , Therapeutics , Fibrosis , Immobilization , Joints , Lysosomes , Metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinases , Metabolism , Muscle, Skeletal , Metabolism , Pathology , Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex , Metabolism , Proteolysis , Signal Transduction , Physiology , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Metabolism , Ubiquitin , Metabolism
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