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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1967-1976, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887626

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Innovative coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines, with elevated global manufacturing capacity, enhanced safety and efficacy, simplified dosing regimens, and distribution that is less cold chain-dependent, are still global imperatives for tackling the ongoing pandemic. A previous phase I trial indicated that the recombinant COVID-19 vaccine (V-01), which contains a fusion protein (IFN-PADRE-RBD-Fc dimer) as its antigen, is safe and well tolerated, capable of inducing rapid and robust immune responses, and warranted further testing in additional clinical trials. Herein, we aimed to assess the immunogenicity and safety of V-01, providing rationales of appropriate dose regimen for further efficacy study.@*METHODS@#A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase II clinical trial was initiated at the Gaozhou Municipal Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (Guangdong, China) in March 2021. Both younger (n = 440; 18-59 years of age) and older (n = 440; ≥60 years of age) adult participants in this trial were sequentially recruited into two distinct groups: two-dose regimen group in which participants were randomized either to follow a 10 or 25 μg of V-01 or placebo given intramuscularly 21 days apart (allocation ratio, 3:3:1, n = 120, 120, 40 for each regimen, respectively), or one-dose regimen groups in which participants were randomized either to receive a single injection of 50 μg of V-01 or placebo (allocation ratio, 3:1, n = 120, 40, respectively). The primary immunogenicity endpoints were the geometric mean titers of neutralizing antibodies against live severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, and specific binding antibodies to the receptor binding domain (RBD). The primary safety endpoint evaluation was the frequencies and percentages of overall adverse events (AEs) within 30 days after full immunization.@*RESULTS@#V-01 provoked substantial immune responses in the two-dose group, achieving encouragingly high titers of neutralizing antibody and anti-RBD immunoglobulin, which peaked at day 35 (161.9 [95% confidence interval [CI]: 133.3-196.7] and 149.3 [95%CI: 123.9-179.9] in 10 and 25 μg V-01 group of younger adults, respectively; 111.6 [95%CI: 89.6-139.1] and 111.1 [95%CI: 89.2-138.4] in 10 and 25 μg V-01 group of older adults, respectively), and remained high at day 49 after a day-21 second dose; these levels significantly exceed those in convalescent serum from symptomatic COVID-19 patients (53.6, 95%CI: 31.3-91.7). Our preliminary data show that V-01 is safe and well tolerated, with reactogenicity predominantly being absent or mild in severity and only one vaccine-related grade 3 or worse AE being observed within 30 days. The older adult participants demonstrated a more favorable safety profile compared with those in the younger adult group: with AEs percentages of 19.2%, 25.8%, 17.5% in older adults vs. 34.2%, 23.3%, 26.7% in younger adults at the 10, 25 μg V-01 two-dose group, and 50 μg V-01 one-dose group, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The vaccine candidate V-01 appears to be safe and immunogenic. The preliminary findings support the advancement of the two-dose, 10 μg V-01 regimen to a phase III trial for a large-scale population-based evaluation of safety and efficacy.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#http://www.chictr.org.cn/index.aspx (No. ChiCTR2100045107, http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=124702).


Subject(s)
Aged , Antibodies, Viral , COVID-19/therapy , COVID-19 Vaccines , Double-Blind Method , Humans , Immunization, Passive , Recombinant Fusion Proteins , SARS-CoV-2
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881077

ABSTRACT

Huang-Qin Decoction (HQD) is a classic prescription for diarrhea in Chinese medicine treatment. Recent studies have demonstrated that HQD and its modified formulation PHY906 could ameliorate irinotecan (CPT-11) induced gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity and enhance its anticancer therapeutic efficacy. Nevertheless, which constituents in HQD are effective is still unclear so far. The study aims to screen out the key bioactive components combination from HQD that could enhance the anticancer effect of CPT-11. First, the potential bioactive constituents were obtained through system pharmacology strategy. Then the bioactivity of each constituent was investigated synthetically from the aspects of NCM460 cell migration, TNF-α release of THP-1-derived macrophage and MTT assay in HCT116 cell. The contribution of each constituent in HQD was evaluated using the bioactive index E

3.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 315-330, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880878

ABSTRACT

Advances in high-throughput sequencing (HTS) have fostered rapid developments in the field of microbiome research, and massive microbiome datasets are now being generated. However, the diversity of software tools and the complexity of analysis pipelines make it difficult to access this field. Here, we systematically summarize the advantages and limitations of microbiome methods. Then, we recommend specific pipelines for amplicon and metagenomic analyses, and describe commonly-used software and databases, to help researchers select the appropriate tools. Furthermore, we introduce statistical and visualization methods suitable for microbiome analysis, including alpha- and beta-diversity, taxonomic composition, difference comparisons, correlation, networks, machine learning, evolution, source tracing, and common visualization styles to help researchers make informed choices. Finally, a step-by-step reproducible analysis guide is introduced. We hope this review will allow researchers to carry out data analysis more effectively and to quickly select the appropriate tools in order to efficiently mine the biological significance behind the data.

4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): E020-E020, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811528

ABSTRACT

Background@#At the end of 2019, a novel coronavirus outbreak emerged in Wuhan, China, and its causative organism has been subsequently designated the 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV). The virus has since rapidly spread to all provinces and autonomous regions of China, and to countries outside of China. Patients who become infected with 2019-nCoV may initially develop mild upper respiratory tract symptoms. However, a significant fraction of these patients goes on to subsequently develop serious lower respiratory disease. The effectiveness of adjunctive glucocorticoid therapy uses in the management of 2019-nCoV infected patients with severe lower respiratory tract infections is not clear, and warrants further investigation.@*Methods@#The present study will be conducted as an open-labelled, randomised controlled trial. We will enrol 48 subjects from Chongqing Public Health Medical Center. Each eligible subject will be assigned to an intervention group (methylprednisolone via intravenous injection at a dose of 1-2mg/kg/day for 3 days) or a control group (no glucocorticoid use) randomly, at a 1:1 ratio. Subjects in both groups will be invited for 28 days of follow-up which will be scheduled at 4 consecutive visit points. We will use the clinical improvement rate as our primary endpoint. Secondary endpoints include the timing of clinical improvement after intervention, duration of mechanical ventilation, duration of hospitalization, overall incidence of adverse events, as well as rate of adverse events at each visit, and mortality at 2 and 4 weeks.@*Discussion@#The present coronavirus outbreak is the third serious global coronavirus outbreak in the past two decades. Oral and parenteral glucocorticoids have been used in the management of severe respiratory symptoms in coronavirus-infected patients in the past. However, there remains no definitive evidence in the literature for or against the utilization of systemic glucocorticoids in seriously ill patients with coronavirus-related severe respiratory disease, or indeed in other types of severe respiratory disease. In this study, we hope to discover evidence either supporting or opposing the systemic therapeutic administration of glucocorticoids in severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients.@*Trial registration@#ClinicalTrials.gov, ChiCTR2000029386, http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=48777.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847603

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Medical ozone is a strong oxidant, can kill bacteria, resist inflammation, improve circulation, relieve pain and promote regeneration. It has been reported that medical ozone has a positive effect on ulcer wounds such as caries. OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical effect of ozone bath on the control of diabetic foot ulcer’s infection and the promotion of wound healing. METHODS: According to the treatment methods, 100 patients with type 2 diabetic foot ulcer who met the inclusion criteria were divided into two groups randomly. In the experimental group, ozone bath was applied to the wound for 30 minutes after cleaning the wound with local normal saline; in the control group, air bath was applied to the wound for 30 minutes after cleaning the wound with local normal saline, once a day. Three weeks later, the bacterial control (quantitative analysis of bacteria, distribution of pathogenic bacteria), the degree of decline of inflammation index, the reduction of ulcer wound, the rate of wound healing and the visual analogue scale score of wound pain were counted in both groups. The expression levels of vascular endothelial growth factor, transforming growth factor-β and platelet-derived growth factor in wound tissues were measured before and after treatment. The protocols were approved by the Ethics Committee of Beijing Shijitan Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University. Patients and their family member signed the informed consent. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: After 3 weeks of treatment, bacteria were still detected in 46 patients in the control group and 5 patients in the experimental group. The number of pathogenic bacteria was 73 before treatment and 66 after treatment in the control group, 74 before treatment and 7 after treatment in the experimental group. Bacterial quantitative analysis was significantly higher in the control group than in the experimental group after treatment. The indexes of ulcer healing, including the reduction of ulcer wound, the visual analogue scale score of wound pain, and the degree of decline of inflammation index, were better in the experimental group than those in the control group (P < 0.05). (4) The expression levels of vascular endothelial growth factor, transforming growth factor-β and platelet-derived growth factor in local wound tissues were significantly higher in the experimental group than in the control group (P < 0.05). The percentage of wound healing in the experimental group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P < 0.05). To conclude, ozone bath can significantly control the local infection of diabetic foot, reduce the distribution of pathogenic bacteria on the wound surface, relieve the inflammatory pain of the wound, stimulate the secretion of growth factor in wound, and improve the wound healing rate.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1080-1086, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827689

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#At the end of 2019, a novel coronavirus outbreak causative organism has been subsequently designated the 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV). The effectiveness of adjunctive glucocorticoid therapy in the management of 2019-nCoV-infected patients with severe lower respiratory tract infections is not clear, and warrants further investigation.@*METHODS@#The present study will be conducted as an open-labeled, randomized, controlled trial. We will enrol 48 subjects from Chongqing Public Health Medical Center. Each eligible subject will be assigned to an intervention group (methylprednisolone via intravenous injection at a dose of 1-2 mg/kg/day for 3 days) or a control group (no glucocorticoid use) randomly, at a 1:1 ratio. Subjects in both groups will be invited for 28 days of follow-up which will be scheduled at four consecutive visit points. We will use the clinical improvement rate as our primary endpoint. Secondary endpoints include the timing of clinical improvement after intervention, duration of mechanical ventilation, duration of hospitalization, overall incidence of adverse events, as well as rate of adverse events at each visit, and mortality at 2 and 4 weeks.@*DISCUSSION@#The present coronavirus outbreak is the third serious global coronavirus outbreak in the past two decades. Oral and parenteral glucocorticoids have been used in the management of severe respiratory symptoms in coronavirus-infected patients in the past. However, there remains no definitive evidence in the literature for or against the utilization of systemic glucocorticoids in seriously ill patients with coronavirus-related severe respiratory disease, or indeed in other types of severe respiratory disease. In this study, we hope to discover evidence either supporting or opposing the systemic therapeutic administration of glucocorticoids in patients with severe coronavirus disease 2019.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ClinicalTrials.gov, ChiCTR2000029386, http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=48777.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Glucocorticoids , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Drug Therapy , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Severity of Illness Index
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1711-1718, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827581

ABSTRACT

Mammalian follicles are composed of oocytes, granulosa cells, and theca cells. Theca cells form in the secondary follicles, maintaining follicular structural integrity and secreting steroid hormones. Two main sources of theca cells exist: Wilms tumor 1 positive (Wt1) cells native to the ovary and Gli1 mesenchymal cells migrated from the mesonephros. Normal folliculogenesis is a process where oocytes, granulosa cells, and theca cells constantly interact with and support each other through autocrine and paracrine mechanisms. The proliferation and differentiation of theca cells are regulated by oocyte-derived factors, including growth development factor 9 and bone morphogenetic protein 15, and granulosa cell-derived factors, including desert hedgehog, Indian hedgehog, kit ligand, insulin-like growth factor 1, as well as hormones such as insulin and growth hormones. Current research on the origin of theca cells is limited. Identifying the origin of theca cells will help us to systematically elaborate the mechanisms of follicular formation and development.

8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1482-1489, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775695

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects and its potential mechanism of asparaginase on proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) cell lines.@*METHODS@#CCK-8 assay was used to detect the effect of asparaginase on proliferation of DLBCL cell lines. Flow cytometry was used to analyze cell cycle and apoptosis. Western blot was used to analyze apoptosis and its potential mechanism.@*RESULTS@#Asparaginase obviously inhibited the proliferation of multiple DLBCL cell lines and caused G/G cell arrest. Furtherly, asparaginase inhibited the expression of HIF-1α which related to poor prognosis of patients with DLBCL, up-regulated the expression of DR4 and caspase 8, reduce the expression of c-FLIP. Meanwhile, asparaginase induced the expression of pro-apoptotic protein BAX and inhibited the expression of anti-apoptotic protein MCL-1.@*CONCLUSION@#Asparaginase can inhibit the proliferation of DLBCL cell lines, cause the arrest of cells in G/G and induce apoptosis via the endogenous and exogenous apoptotic pathways.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Asparaginase , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse
9.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 473-477, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817090

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study improvement effects of Fuling gancao decoction on functional dyspepsia (FD) model rats. METHODS: Sixty SD rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, Fuling gancao decoction high-dose group (20 g/kg), Fuling gancao decoction low-dose group (10 g/kg), drug combination group (Fuling gancao decoction 10 g/kg+domperidone 0.004 g/kg), domperidone group (0.004 g/kg), with 10 rats in each group. Except for normal group, other groups were givenicy dilute hydrochloric acid intragastrically to establish FD model.  After modeling, normal group and model group were given constant volume of distilled water at room temperature intragastrically, and other groups were given relevant drug solution (1 mL/100 g) intragastrically, once a day, for consecutive 7 d. The amount of gastric residue was measured to evaluate the gastric emptying function. Immunohistochemistry SP method was used to detect the protein expression of AQP3, Ghrelin and Substance P in gastric mucosa tissue. The protein expression of Claudin-1, Occludin and VIP were detected by Western blot assay. RESULTS: Compared with normal group, the amount of gastric residue was increased significantly in model group (P<0.01); positive expression of AQP3 and Ghrelin protein in gastric mucosa tissue was decreased significantly, while the positive expression of Substance P protein tended to increase; the protein expression levels of AQP3, Ghrelin, Claudin-1 and Occludin were decreased significantly, while those of Substance P and VIP were increased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with model group, the amount of gastric residue was decreased significantly in administration groups (P<0.05 or P<0.01); the positive expression of AQP3 and Ghrelin protein tended to increase, while less positive expression of Substance P was found; the protein expression levels of AQP3 and Occludin in gastric mucosa tissue were increased significantly in administration groups, while those of VIP were decreased significantly  (P<0.05 or P<0.01); the protein expression levels of Ghrelin and Claudin-1 in gastric mucosa tissue were increased significantly in Fuling gancao decoction high-dose group, Fuling gancao decoction low-dose group and drug combination group, while those of Substance P were decreased significantly (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Fuling gancao decoction may improve the symptom of fluid retention in FD model rats by up-regulating the protein expression of AQP3, Ghrelin, Claudin-1 and Occludin and down-regulating the protein expression of Substance P and VIP in gastric mucosa tissue of rats.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699409

ABSTRACT

Objective :To explore early diagnostic value of carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and hemodynamic indexes for ischemic cerebrovascular diseases .Methods :A total of 42 cases with cerebral infarction (CI group) ,98 cases with transient ischemic attack (TIA group) and 40 cases without cerebrovascular disease were enrolled as nor-mal control group ,and all patients were received and cured in our hospital from Jan 2014 to Jan 2017. All subjects received Doppler ultrasonography after hospitalization ,IMT at common carotid artery (CCA) bifurcation and its distal end ,peak systolic velocity (PSV) ,end-diastolic velocity (EDV) ,vascular pulsatility index (PI) ,vascular re-sistance index (RI) and ratio of peak wave ascending branch slope to descending branch slope (S1/S2) at CCA ,in-ternal carotid artery (ICA) and vertebral artery (VA) were measured and compared among three groups ,and diag-nostic value of IMT for CI and of hemodynamic indexes for TIA were analyzed .Results : Compared with normal control group and TIA group ,there were significant rise in IMT of CCA bifurcation [ (0.87 ± 0.05) mm ,(0.87 ± 0.04) mm vs.(1.04 ± 0.05) mm] and IMT of CCA bifurcation distal end [ (0.77 ± 0.06) mm ,(0.78 ± 0.04) mm vs.(0.90 ± 0.02) mm] in CI group , P= 0.001 all.There were no significant difference in PSV ,PI and RI at CCA ,ICA and VA among three groups , P>0. 05 all.EDV and S1/S2 at CCA ,ICA and VA of three groups were all accorded with TIA group< CI group< normal control group ,and there was significant difference between any two groups , P<0. 01 all .Sensitivity ,specificity ,negative and positive predictive value of IMT of CCA bifurcation diagnosing CI were higher than those of IMT of CCA bifurcation distal end ,but there were no significant differ-ence , P>0. 05 all.Conclusion :During Doppler ultrasonography ,detecting carotid IMT , EDV and S1/S2 at CCV , ICA and VA contribute to diagnosing cerebral infarction and TIA .

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698585

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Absorption of the alveolar bone subsequent to tooth extraction is a long-term process, especially in the anterior tooth region where the buccal part of the ridge undergoes a prominent remodeling process after tooth extraction. Socket shield technique (SST) recently reported may be a new choice for peri-implant tissue preservation. OBJECTIVE: To give an overview on the principle, interface basis and application of SST in implant dentistry. METHODS: The first author searched the PubMed, Ovid, CNKI, VIP and WanFang databases for relevant articles published from January 1990 to October 2017. The keywords were "socket shield technique;root-membrane technique; root-implant; implant proximity to teeth; dental-contected implants; dentointegration;cementum formation on implant surface" in Chinese and English, respectively. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: SST aims to maintain alveolar bone and gingival tissues by preserving partial tooth root with its periodontium-bundle bone intact, which is an alternative strategy for tissue preservation in esthetics zone.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698578

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Bioabsorbable biomaterials are of crucial importance in tissue engineering applications, and various factors affect their degradation. OBJECTIVE: To compare the degradation characteristics of concentrated growth factor (CGF) clot and CGF membrane in simulated body fluid (SBF) and simulated saliva fluid (SSF). METHODS: Fifteen volunteers were selected, and human blood samples were collected for the preparation of CGF clot or CGF membrane. All specimens from each subject were averagely divided into four groups: group A, CGF clot in SBF; group B, CGF clot in SSF; group C, CGF membrane in SBF; group D, CGF membrane in SSF. The specimens were subjected to the immersion test. The average daily rate of degradation of each group was calculated after the samples were thoroughly degraded, and weight loss ratio per unit time was also determined. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) The mean degradation time in groups A-D were (14.0±0.7), (9.7±0.9), (9.9±1.2) and (7.2±0.7) days, respectively. (2) By comparing CGF membrane with CGF clot in the same simulated fluid, the average daily degradation rate of CGF clot (groups A, B) was statistically significantly lower than counterparts of CGF membrane (groups C, D) (P < 0.05). By comparison between SBF and SSF, the average daily degradation rate in the SBF (groups A, B) was significantly lower than counterparts in the SSF (groups C, D) (P <0.05). Overall, the degradation rate of CGF membrane is higher than that of CGF clot under the same degradation environment; for CGF membrane or CGF clot, the degradation rate in SSF is higher than that in SBF.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712675

ABSTRACT

Shaolin Neigong (internal Qigong) of tuina exercise is a distinctive part of Neigong tuina.Since the 1980s,domestic basic study on Shaolin Neigong has mainly focused on its physiologic effects,and has preliminarily proved that Shaolin Neigong can enhance the aerobic capacity,cardio-pulmonary function,and muscle strength of human body.By summarizing the literatures studying the effects of Shaolin Neigong on respiratory,circulatory,locomotor and nervous systems,this article was to understand the modern research,inheritance and protection of Shaolin Neigong.The results indicate that the modern research on Shaolin Neigong is relatively slow.Continuous development,continuity and innovation in basic research,teaching and clinical practices are required,to enhance the general and therapeutic level of tuina exercises and tuina science of traditional Chinese medicine.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311574

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To isolate platelet-rich plasma(PRP) from the white slurry(WS), a depleted fraction of the clinical blood supply, so as to provide an easier method to harvest PRP for related studies and clinical use.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The protocols preparing PRP from whole blood and WS were compared. The morphological characteristics of the different PRPs were observed under transmission electron microscope; the expression of the platelet markers CD41a and CD42b were detected by the flow cytometry. Moreover, the ingredients of the PRPs were measured by using cytoanalyzer. for detecting the physiological function of the PRP, the harvested PRP were added to MSC culture and the cell proliferation was detected by using CCK-8 method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>a large amount of PRP from WS was easier harvested. the WS-derived PRP shared similar morphological characteristics and ingredients as compared with whole blood-derived PRP. Importantly, the WS-derived PRP exhibited a higher expression of CD41a and CD42b than that of traditional PRP, which indicate that the WS is a promising reservoir for PRP.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The WS can be used to prepare PRP, and the novel PRP share similar biological characteristics as traditional PRP prepared from whole blood. The present study provides an easier and economical method to harvest PRP and this findings may be helpful for PRP related studies.</p>

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335756

ABSTRACT

To provide a scientific evidence for the quality control of Codonopsis Radix, a method was established for determining the content of three free carbohydrates of Codonopsis Radix. The developed method showed good linearity. The calibration curves were linear within the range of 2.312 5-18.500 0 μg for sucrose, 1.500 0-12.000 0 μg for glucose, and 2.000 0-16.000 0 μg for fructose, resgectwely. The recoveries varied between 96.31%-101.8%. The method is simple, accurate and reproducible, and can be used for determining the content of sucrose, glucose and fructose of Codonopsis Radix. The results showed that different cultivation measures had an effect on the content of three free carbohydrates of Codonopsis Radix. According to the content of sucrose, using Zhuanggenling>not using Zhuanggenling. While, not pinching, shelving>not pinching, not shelving>pinching, not shelving>pinching, shelving. According to the content of glucose and fructose, not using Zhuanggenling>using Zhuanggenling. While, pinching, shelving>not pinching, not shelving>not pinching, shelving>pinching, not shelving. In consideration of the differences of sweetness and content of the three free carbohydrates in Codonopsis Radix, we recommend that the content of free carbohydrates could be considered as the marker to evaluate the quality of Codonopsis Radix.

16.
Journal of Clinical Pediatrics ; (12): 296-299, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511492

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical feature and gene mutation in steroid 5α-reductase 2 deficiency (SRD5A2). Method The clinical data of SRD5A2 in a child with vulva abnormality as the first manifestation was retrospectively analyzed. Results This was a 29-month-old child, whose social gender was female. The level of her basic luteinizing hormone (LH) was 0.07 mIU/mL, and follicle-stimulating hormone was (FSH) 0.39 mIU/mL. The baseline levels of testosterone (T), dihydrotestosterone (DHT), 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) and androstendione (A2) were 0.06 ng/mL, 19.67 pg/mL, 1.20 ng/mL, and 0.07 ng/mL respectively. Those levels were 3.65 ng/mL, 68.25 pg/mL, 51.72 ng/mL, and 14.70 ng/mL respectively after Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) stimulation. The levels of her anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) was 22.97 ng/mL, and inhibin B (INH-B) was 274.4 pg/mL. The uterus and ovaries were not detected by Pelvic ultrasound and MRI. The chromosome showed 46, XY. Sex determination (SRY) gene detection showed normal. Androgen receptor (AR) gene detection showed negative. There was pathogenic mutation of 5α-reductase 2 (SRD5A2) gene in peripheral blood of the child and her parents. The penis grows 2 cm after 4 months of treatment with 2.5% DHT gel. Conclusion SRD5A2 is diagnosed mainly based on the increase of T/DHT after HCG stimulation experiment and it can be confirmed by detection of pathogenic SRD5A2 mutation.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822550

ABSTRACT

Objective@# The aim was to compare and document the aesthetic influences on peri-implant soft tissues between the immediate and early implant placement in the aesthetic area. @*Methods @#22 patients with single anterior teeth missing were included and divided into 2 group. Group A (12cases): Following the extraction of teeth, 12 Zimmer implants were immediately placed into sockets. Group B (10 cases): 4~8 weeks after the extraction, 10 Zimmer implants were early placed into the healing sockets. Zirconia crowns were applied on the implants 6 months later after implantation. The peri-implant soft tissues in both group were examined and evaluated by pink esthetic score (PES) 6~12 months later. Analysis of the data was performed by software SPSS 13.0. @*Results @#The mean PES was 9.27 (clinical acceptance) for all of the implants. No significant were found for any of the parameters between the treatment modalities regardness of total PES or single PES. However there were significant differences in the following aspects: the correlation between periodontal disease and papilla, the correlation between gingival biotype and mesial papilla, the correlation between gingival biotype and alveolar process deficiency, the correlation between Implant location and midfacial soft tissue level. @*Conclusion@#There are no significant differences between immediate placement and early placement on the aesthetic outcome of peri-implant soft tissues. The aesthetic outcome are related to patients oral health condition and clinicians skills.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611629

ABSTRACT

Objective·To compare the efficacy of video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) and conventional lung volume reduction surgery for the treatment of patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with a meta-analysis.Methods·Randomized controlled trials (RCT) and non-randomized control studies of VATS (the VATS group) and conventional lung volume reduction surgery (the thoracotomy group) for treating patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were collected from databases,including Web of Science,EMbase,PubMed,the Cochrane Library,CNKI,CBM disc,WanFang Data,and VIP.The latest literature was published in November 2016.The assessment included the quality of literature and RevMan5.3 software was used to perform the meta-analysis.Results·Of 779 retrieved articles,12 studies involving 966 patients were included according to the inclusion criteria.The results of meta-analysis showed that the operation time of bilateral LVRS was longer in the VATS group than in the thoracotomy group,but the difference in the operation time of single LVRS between the two groups was not statistically significant.The difference in the duration of chest tube drainage for bilateral LVRS between the two groups was not statistically significant,while the duration of chest tube drainage for single LVRS was significantly shorter in the VATS group than in the thoracotomy group.The amount of intraoperative blood loss postoperative drainage was significantly smaller in the VATS group than in the thoraeotomy group.Postoperative pulmonary function and blood gas analysis showed that the 6 min walking distance was longer in the VATS group than in the thoracotomy group.The differences in FEV1 and PaO2 between the two groups were not statistically significant,as well as the difference in postoperative complications between the two groups.Conclusion·Comparing to conventional lung volume reduction surgery,Video-Assisted thoracic lung volume reduction surgery is a better choice.However,randomized control trials with higher quality and larger scale are required for verification this conclusion due to limitations of the quality and samples of these studies.

19.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 1041-1047, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664364

ABSTRACT

A case of Thelazia callipaeda infection in a 7 months old infant in Dalian was reported.The epidemiology of human thelaziasis in China was investigated in this report.China is the nation with the most reported human Thelazia callipaeda cases in the world,up to 626 case reports of human Thelazia callipaeda infection that were distributed in 28 provinces from 1917 to 2016.We analyzed more than 400 Chinese thelaziosis cases with clinical data from 1917 to 2016.Ages of the patients are from 2 months to 88 years old.Male and female cases are 60.22% and 39.78% relatively.The occupation of patients was analyzed,that the preschool children occupied 55.38 %,farmers occupied 32.27 %;workers occupied 4.78 %,and the others occupied the rest 7.57%.This study showed that it is of great significance to strengthen the research on the biology and epidemiology of the sucking nematode,to prevent the spread and epidemic of the disease.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663752

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the changing trend of serum thyrotropin (TSH) levels for hemithyroidectomy patients,and to discuss the necessity and strategy of TSH suppression for low-risk differentiated thyroid carcinoma(DTC). Methods One hundred and twenty-seven patients with benign thyroid nodules undergoing hemithyroidectomy between January 2013 and June 2014 were retrospectively studied. Serum thyroid hormones levels FT3,FT4,TSH,thyroid peroxidase antibody(TPOAb),and thyroglobulin antibody(TGAb)were detected at 1 month after surgery for all patients and at 3 month for 54 patients. Results (1)Mean TSH level at 1 month after surgery was significantly higher than preoperative TSH level(2.45 mIU/L vs 2.20 mIU/L,n=127,P<0.01). The mean TSH level at 3 month after operation was significantly higher than preoperative ones(2.46 mIU/L vs 2.35 mIU/L,n=54, P<0.05). (2)TSH<2. 0 mIU/L was found in 52 patients(40. 9%) and TSH>4. 94 mIU/L in 18 patients (14.17%) at 1 month after operation. TSH<2.0 mIU/L was found in 28 patients(51.85%)and TSH>4.94 mIU/L in 8 patients(14.81%) at 3 month after operation. (3)A preoperative TSH≥2.0 mIU/L and the coexistence of Hashimoto's thyroiditis were found to be independent risk factors for the TSH levels higher than 2.0 mIU/L. Among the patients with TSH≥2. 0 mIU/L at 1 month, 13 exhibited spontaneous recovery at 3 month, coexistence of Hashimoto's thyroiditis was related to this phenomenon. Among the patients with TSH<2.0 mIU/L at 1 month,TSH levels were elevated over 2. 0 mIU/L in 7 patients by 3 month comparing to that by 1 month. Coexistence of Hashimoto's thyroiditis was independent risk factor for the TSH elevation. Conclusion TSH suppression may still be performed to patients with low risk DTC after operation especially to whom the preoperative TSH≥2.0 mIU/L and the coexistence of Hashimoto's thyroiditis. Suppression therapy should be carefully considered with close follow-up.

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