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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637087

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the diagnostic value of sonographic “Leopard pattern” sign in breast hyperplasia.MethodsTwo hundred and twenty-three female patients in Beijing Friendship Hospital from October 2012 to April 2013 were choosen. All the cases were diagnosed as mammary gland hyperplasia clinically, and their breast ultrasound images show the breast imaging-reporting and data system (BI-RADS) grad was 0 or 1. These patients were divided into 3 groups according to their age, Group A: 20 to 35 age (36 cases), Group B: 36 to 50 age (102 cases), and Group C: order than 50 year-old (85 cases). The pathological diagnosis were obtained by ultrasound guided breast biopsy. With pathological diagnosis as the gold standard and “Leopard sign” as ultrasound diagnostic criteria, the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were calculated. The consistency between the ultrasonic and the pathological diagnosis were analyzed by Kappa statistical test.ResultThe diagnostic consistency test of the total sample of 223 cases: in terms of the ultrasonic Leopard sign” for the diagnosis of breast hyperplasia, the sensitivity was 69% (59/85),the specificity was 46% (64/138), the accuracy was 55% (123/223), the positive predictive value was 44% (59/133), the negative predictive value was 71% (64/90), the consistency was poor (Kappa=0.14,P<0.05). Group A:the sensitivity was 90% (18/20), the specificity was 50% (8/16),the accuracy was 72% (26/36), the positive predictive value was 69% (18/26), the negative predictive value was 80% (8/10), the consistency was good (Kappa=0.42, P<0.05);Group B:the sensitivity was 70% (33/47), the specificity was 49% (27/55),the accuracy was 59% (60/102), the positive predictive value was 54% (33/61), the negative predictive value was 66% (27/41), the consistency was poor (Kappa=0.19,P<0.05); Group C: the sensitivity was 44% (8/18), the specificity was 43% (29/67), the accuracy was 44% (37/85), the positive predictive value was 17% (8/46), the negative predictive value was 74% (29/39), the consistency was poor (Kappa=0.08,P<0.05).Conclusion“Leopard pattern” sign is not suitable as an independent standard in diagnosing breast hyperplasia disease.

2.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 540-543, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-441148

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy (CNB) in diagnosis of thyroid nodules.Methods The clinical data of 395 patients with thyroid nodules who underwent ultrasound-guided CNB were retrospectively analyzed,and the results of CNB pathology of 278 patients who endured surgery were compared with postoperative wax pathology results.Results All patients completed CNB successfully and satisfaction rate for tissue samples was 100%.Local hematoma occurred in one case and relieved by conservative therapy.The CNB pathology results of 278 cases of patients were as follows:92 cases were malignancy,including 91 cases of papillary thyroid carcinoma,lcase of medullary thyroid carcinoma; 182 cases were benign,including lcase of parathyroid adenoma,48 cases of adenoma,and 133 cases of nodular goitre and other nodular affection.In 278 patients who underwent surgery,the CNB pathology results in 273 cases,including 90 malignancy cases and 183 benign cases,were consistent with postoperative wax pathology results and false positive occurred in 1 cases,ambiguous occurred in 4 cases.So the accuracy,sensibility,specificity,missed diagnosis rate,and misdiagnosis rate of ultrasound-guided CNB for differential diagnosis of thyroid malignant nodules from benign nodules were 98.20% (273/278),95.79% (91/95),99.45% (182/183),4.21% (4/95) and 0.55% (1/183).Conclusion Ultrasound-guided CNB has important value on differential diagnosis of thyroid nodules.It is safe and effective.

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