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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872287

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of job-transfer training for psychiatrists in Henan province in 2018 and to compare them with the results of 2016.Methods:Data of the trainees were collected through questionnaires in 2017 and 2019 respectively. The influencing factors of knowledge and skills were determined by Multiple linear regression analysis; baseline data, training intention, training feedback and the proficiency of knowledge and skills were compared by independent sample t test and chi-square test. Results:The overall satisfaction rate for training was 98.3%, and the overall mastery rate of training knowledge and skills was 59.2% in year 2018. Compared with 2016, the willingness to participate in training, the satisfaction rate, the recognition degree of " 1+ 10+ 1" training mode, the degree of mastery and practical application of training knowledge and skills increased( P<0.05). There were statistically significant differences in the distribution of the primary reasons for participating in the training, factors hindering their participation in the training, and the causes for their failure to fully apply their learning to practice( P<0.01). The results showed that scope of practice, title, intention, and interest in psychiatry was related to the mastery of training knowledge and skills( P<0.05). Conclusions:The effect of training in 2018 is better than 2016, and the degree of mastery and practical application of training knowledge and skills should be increased.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871797

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare and observe the changes in choroidal thickness between healthy pregnant women and healthy non-pregnant women.Methods:A prospective clinical study. From January 2019 to August 2019, healthy pregnant women (pregnant women group) and healthy non-pregnant women age-matched were enrolled during the same period (the normal group) in the obstetrics of Zhuji People's Hospital. All patients were enrolled with their right eyes. Frequency-domain OCT-enhanced depth imaging technology was used to measure the subfoveal macular and 1000 μm above, below, nasal, and temporal choroidal thickness and foveal retinal thickness (CMT). The choroidal thickness and CMT of the pregnant women group and the normal group were compared by t test, and the choroidal thickness and CMT of the normal group and the eyes of different gestational weeks were compared by one-way analysis of variance. Results:The pregnant women group and the normal group included 161 patients (161 eyes) and 40 patients (40 eyes). According to the different gestational weeks, the pregnant women were divided into the first trimester group, the second trimester group, and the third trimester group, with 47 patients (47 eyes), 66 patients (66 eyes), and 48 patients (48 eyes) respectively. There was no significant difference in age, axial length, intraocular pressure, and CMT between the different gestational week groups and the normal group ( F=1.433, 1.558, 0.416, 2.288; P>0.05). The subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) of the pregnant women group and normal group were 317.7±73.9 μm and 279.7±44.1 μm, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=3.113, P=0.002). Compared with the normal group, the choroid at the upper, lower, nasal, and temporal sides of the pregnant group 1000 μm from the fovea was thickened. The difference between the upper, nasal and temporal sides was statistically significant ( t=2.699, 3.474, 2.595; P<0.05). The SFCT of the eyes in the first trimester group, the middle group, and the late group were 305.8±72.3, 327.7±69.8, 315.8±80.5 μm, respectively. Compared with the normal group, the difference was statistically significant ( F=4.180, P=0.007). Pairwise comparison between the two groups, the second trimester group was significantly different from the normal group ( P=0.003). There was no significant difference among the first trimester group、the third trimester group and the other groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:The choroidal thickness of pregnant women is thicker than normal, and the choroidal thickness in the second trimester reaches the maximum value; while the macular CMT during pregnancy has no significant change.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869979

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the accuracy of target-controlled infusion (TCI) of sufentanil at low concentration during combined intravenous and inhalational general anesthesia.Methods:Thirty American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ patients, aged 18-68 yr, with body mass index <35 kg/m 2, scheduled for elective laparoscopic surgery under combined intravenous and inhalational general anesthesia, were selected in the study.Anesthesia was induced with sufentanil TCI, propofol and rocuronium and maintained with sufentanil TCI combined with inhalation of sevoflurane.The patients were divided into 2 groups ( n=15 each) using the computer-generated sequence of random numbers method: 0.10 ng/ml group (groupⅠ) and 0.15 ng/ml group (groupⅡ). Arterial blood samples were collected from the radial artery for determination of plasma sufentanil concentrations by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry.The bias, precision and wobble were calculated. Results:In Ⅰ and Ⅱ groups, the bias of sufentanil TCI was 17.0% and -3.0%, respectively, the precision was 22.4% and 20.3%, respectively, and the wobble was 23.0% and 21.7%, respectively.The pooled bias, precision and wobble were 6.0%, 22.0% and 22.0%, respectively.Conclusion:The accuracy of TCI of sufentanil at low concentration during combined intravenous and inhalational general anesthesia is within the clinically acceptable range, and the measured blood concentration of sufentanil is about 6% higher than the target concentration.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 472-473, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869688

ABSTRACT

Extrarenal Wilms′ tumor is extremely rare and has no characteristic clinical manifestations. Diagnosis is difficult before surgery, and is often confirmed by histopathology. Comprehensive treatment by surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy is currently adopted for such patients, and the overall survival rate can reach about 90%. Here we report a 2-year-old child with Wilms′ tumor in the left scrotum.

5.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1397-1402, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791088

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) in rats with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) related right ventricular dysfunction and the protective effect of sodium 4-phenylbutyrate (4-PBA) on right ventricle. Methods Sixty male Spragne-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into control group (CON group), lipopolysaccharide (LPS) model group, 4-PBA prevention group and 4-PBA treatment group, with 15 rats in each group. ARDS rat model was established by intratracheal instillation of LPS 10 mg/kg after tracheotomy; CON group was given the same amount of saline. 4-PBA prevention group and 4-PBA treatment group were given 4-PBA 500 mg/kg intragastric administration 2 hours before and after LPS respectively. Echocardiography was performed 12 hours after treatment to evaluate the right ventricular function. Then, the rats were sacrificed by bloodletting, and the serum and right ventricular tissue were harvested. The histopathological changes of myocardial were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukins (IL-1β and IL-6) in serum and myocardial were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and Western Blot was used to detect the expression of the marker proteins of ERS in myocardial, including glucose regulatory protein 78 (GRP78), C/EBP cyclic adenosine phosphate reaction primitive binding transcription factor homologous protein (CHOP), caspase-12 and caspase-3. Results Compared with the CON group, the echocardiography showed pulmonary artery maximum pressure gradient (PAmaxPG), pulmonary artery acceleration time (PAAT), tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) in LPS model group were significantly decreased, and right ventricular end-diastolic excursion (RVDd) was significantly increased, and the levels of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 in serum and myocardial, as well as the expressions of GRP78, CHOP, caspase-12 and caspase-3 in myocardial were significantly increased. Compared with LPS model group, TAPSE of 4-PBA preventive and treatment groups were significantly increased (mm: 3.08±0.65, 2.96±0.61 vs. 2.48±0.45), RVDd were significantly decreased (mm: 3.67±0.58, 3.60±0.61 vs. 4.18±0.71), the levels of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 in serum and myocardial were significantly decreased [TNF-α (ng/L): 187.98±18.98, 176.08±17.98 vs. 332.00±19.90 in serum, 135.06±19.00, 132.78±17.00 vs. 155.00±20.00 in myocardial; IL-1β(ng/L): 12.07±2.98, 11.05±2.41 vs. 24.06±4.01 in serum, 19.89±2.80, 21.06±2.80 vs. 26.00±2.60 in myocardial; IL-6 (ng/L): 42.98±7.90, 34.05±6.09 vs. 89.80±10.07 in serum, 129.45±25.00, 127.08±26.06 vs. 145.77±23.00 in myocardial]; the expressions of GRP78, CHOP, caspase-12 and caspase-3 in myocardial were significantly decreased (GRP78/GAPDH: 0.090±0.070, 0.103±0.060 vs. 0.167±0.090, CHOP/GAPDH: 0.109±0.090, 0.090±0.080 vs. 0.186±0.090, caspase-12/GAPDH: 0.769±0.230, 0.799±0.210 vs. 1.040±0.350, caspase-3/GAPDH: 0.391±0.060, 0.401±0.054 vs. 0.603±0.340), with statistically significant differences (all P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in each indexes between 4-PBA prevention group and 4-PBA treatment group (all P > 0.05). Conclusions ERS is involved in ARDS-related right ventricular dysfunction. 4-PBA can protect the right ventricular function of ARDS rats by inhibiting ERS and alleviating inflammation, and the preventive and therapeutic effects of 4-PBA are similar.

6.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1269-1274, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791064

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) in rats with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) related right ventricular dysfunction and the protective effect of sodium 4-phenylbutyrate (4-PBA) on right ventricle. Methods Sixty male Spragne-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into control group (CON group), lipopolysaccharide (LPS) model group, 4-PBA prevention group and 4-PBA treatment group, with 15 rats in each group. ARDS rat model was established by intratracheal instillation of LPS 10 mg/kg after tracheotomy; CON group was given the same amount of saline. 4-PBA prevention group and 4-PBA treatment group were given 4-PBA 500 mg/kg intragastric administration 2 hours before and after LPS respectively. Echocardiography was performed 12 hours after treatment to evaluate the right ventricular function. Then, the rats were sacrificed by bloodletting, and the serum and right ventricular tissue were harvested. The histopathological changes of myocardial were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukins (IL-1β and IL-6) in serum and myocardial were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and Western Blot was used to detect the expression of the marker proteins of ERS in myocardial, including glucose regulatory protein 78 (GRP78), C/EBP cyclic adenosine phosphate reaction primitive binding transcription factor homologous protein (CHOP), caspase-12 and caspase-3. Results Compared with the CON group, the echocardiography showed pulmonary artery maximum pressure gradient (PAmaxPG), pulmonary artery acceleration time (PAAT), tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) in LPS model group were significantly decreased, and right ventricular end-diastolic excursion (RVDd) was significantly increased, and the levels of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 in serum and myocardial, as well as the expressions of GRP78, CHOP, caspase-12 and caspase-3 in myocardial were significantly increased. Compared with LPS model group, TAPSE of 4-PBA preventive and treatment groups were significantly increased (mm: 3.08±0.65, 2.96±0.61 vs. 2.48±0.45), RVDd were significantly decreased (mm: 3.67±0.58, 3.60±0.61 vs. 4.18±0.71), the levels of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 in serum and myocardial were significantly decreased [TNF-α (ng/L): 187.98±18.98, 176.08±17.98 vs. 332.00±19.90 in serum, 135.06±19.00, 132.78±17.00 vs. 155.00±20.00 in myocardial; IL-1β(ng/L): 12.07±2.98, 11.05±2.41 vs. 24.06±4.01 in serum, 19.89±2.80, 21.06±2.80 vs. 26.00±2.60 in myocardial; IL-6 (ng/L): 42.98±7.90, 34.05±6.09 vs. 89.80±10.07 in serum, 129.45±25.00, 127.08±26.06 vs. 145.77±23.00 in myocardial]; the expressions of GRP78, CHOP, caspase-12 and caspase-3 in myocardial were significantly decreased (GRP78/GAPDH: 0.090±0.070, 0.103±0.060 vs. 0.167±0.090, CHOP/GAPDH: 0.109±0.090, 0.090±0.080 vs. 0.186±0.090, caspase-12/GAPDH: 0.769±0.230, 0.799±0.210 vs. 1.040±0.350, caspase-3/GAPDH: 0.391±0.060, 0.401±0.054 vs. 0.603±0.340), with statistically significant differences (all P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in each indexes between 4-PBA prevention group and 4-PBA treatment group (all P > 0.05). Conclusions ERS is involved in ARDS-related right ventricular dysfunction. 4-PBA can protect the right ventricular function of ARDS rats by inhibiting ERS and alleviating inflammation, and the preventive and therapeutic effects of 4-PBA are similar.

7.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1269-1274, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796512

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the role of endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) in rats with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) related right ventricular dysfunction and the protective effect of sodium 4-phenylbutyrate (4-PBA) on right ventricle.@*Methods@#Sixty male Spragne-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into control group (CON group), lipopolysaccharide (LPS) model group, 4-PBA prevention group and 4-PBA treatment group, with 15 rats in each group. ARDS rat model was established by intratracheal instillation of LPS 10 mg/kg after tracheotomy; CON group was given the same amount of saline. 4-PBA prevention group and 4-PBA treatment group were given 4-PBA 500 mg/kg intragastric administration 2 hours before and after LPS respectively. Echocardiography was performed 12 hours after treatment to evaluate the right ventricular function. Then, the rats were sacrificed by bloodletting, and the serum and right ventricular tissue were harvested. The histopathological changes of myocardial were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interleukins (IL-1β and IL-6) in serum and myocardial were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and Western Blot was used to detect the expression of the marker proteins of ERS in myocardial, including glucose regulatory protein 78 (GRP78), C/EBP cyclic adenosine phosphate reaction primitive binding transcription factor homologous protein (CHOP), caspase-12 and caspase-3.@*Results@#Compared with the CON group, the echocardiography showed pulmonary artery maximum pressure gradient (PAmaxPG), pulmonary artery acceleration time (PAAT), tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) in LPS model group were significantly decreased, and right ventricular end-diastolic excursion (RVDd) was significantly increased, and the levels of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 in serum and myocardial, as well as the expressions of GRP78, CHOP, caspase-12 and caspase-3 in myocardial were significantly increased. Compared with LPS model group, TAPSE of 4-PBA preventive and treatment groups were significantly increased (mm: 3.08±0.65, 2.96±0.61 vs. 2.48±0.45), RVDd were significantly decreased (mm: 3.67±0.58, 3.60±0.61 vs. 4.18±0.71), the levels of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 in serum and myocardial were significantly decreased [TNF-α (ng/L): 187.98±18.98, 176.08±17.98 vs. 332.00±19.90 in serum, 135.06±19.00, 132.78±17.00 vs. 155.00±20.00 in myocardial; IL-1β(ng/L): 12.07±2.98, 11.05±2.41 vs. 24.06±4.01 in serum, 19.89±2.80, 21.06±2.80 vs. 26.00±2.60 in myocardial; IL-6 (ng/L): 42.98±7.90, 34.05±6.09 vs. 89.80±10.07 in serum, 129.45±25.00, 127.08±26.06 vs. 145.77±23.00 in myocardial]; the expressions of GRP78, CHOP, caspase-12 and caspase-3 in myocardial were significantly decreased (GRP78/GAPDH: 0.090±0.070, 0.103±0.060 vs. 0.167±0.090, CHOP/GAPDH: 0.109±0.090, 0.090±0.080 vs. 0.186±0.090, caspase-12/GAPDH: 0.769±0.230, 0.799±0.210 vs. 1.040±0.350, caspase-3/GAPDH: 0.391±0.060, 0.401±0.054 vs. 0.603±0.340), with statistically significant differences (all P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in each indexes between 4-PBA prevention group and 4-PBA treatment group (all P > 0.05).@*Conclusions@#ERS is involved in ARDS-related right ventricular dysfunction. 4-PBA can protect the right ventricular function of ARDS rats by inhibiting ERS and alleviating inflammation, and the preventive and therapeutic effects of 4-PBA are similar.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742779

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the mechanism of Aurora kinase A (Aurora-A) promoting cancer cell chemotherapy resistance in nasopharyngeal carcinoma. METHODS The expression of Aurora-A in nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissues and adjacent tissues were detected by Western bolt and Q-PCR. The highexpressing Aurora A cell line CNE2 was used to detected the cell apoptosis and the expression of key pathway marker protein after Aurora-A inhibitor VX680 and cisplatin treatment by using Flow cytometry and WB. RESULTS The expression of Aurora-A in nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissues was significantly higher than that in adjacent tissues. Comparing to normal nasopharyngeal cells NP69, Aurora-A was significantly highly expressed in all of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells and was highest in CNE2. Inhibiton of Aurora-A increased the cell apoptosis and the expression of p-AKT, p21 and Cleaved-Caspase-3 after using cisplatin or the Aurora-A inhibitor VX680 treatment. CONCLUSION The results shown that Aurora-A confer chemoresistance to cisplatin treatment through p-AKT/p21/Cleaved-Caspase-3 pathway.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751589

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between ipsilateral prominent posterior cerebral artery laterality (PCAL) and white matter hyperintensities (WMHs) in patients with severe internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis. Methods From April 2016 to December 2017, patients with unilateral ICA stenosis≥70% (including occlusion) and contralateral ICA stenosis <50% or no stenosis admitted to the Department of Neurology, Liaoning Provincial People's Hospital were enrolled. According to the presence or absence of PCAL on the ipsilateral side of ICA stenosis, they were divided into positive group and negative group, and the severity of WMHs was compared between the 2 groups. The patients were grouped according to the severity of overall WMHs and deep WMHs (DWMHs) and periventricular WMHs (PWMHs) on the ipsilateral side of ICA stenosis. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independently relevant factors of WMHs. Results A total of 131 patients were enrolled, 65 of them (49.62% ) had ipsilateral PCAL positive. The proportion of severe DWMHs in this group was significantly lower than that in the ipsilateral PCAL negative group (38.46% vs. 59.09% ; χ2 =5.578, P=0.018 ). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that advanced age (odds ratio [ OR] 2.196, 95% confidence interval [ CI] 1.278-3.773; P=0.004), hypertension (OR 3.279, 95% CI 1.107-9.709; P=0.032), and high systolic blood pressure (OR 1.027, 95% CI 1.002-1.053; P=0.031) were independently associated with severe overall WMHs; advanced age (OR 1.957, 95% CI 1.141-3.358; P=0.015) and hypertension (OR 4.739, 95% CI 1.570-14.286; P=0.006) were independently correlated with ipsilateral severe DWMHs, ipsilateral PCAL (OR 0.340, 95% CI 0.135-0.856; P=0.022 ) was independently correlated with ipsilateral mild DWMHs; advanced age (OR 1.805, 95% CI 1.175-2.775; P=0.007) and high systolic blood pressure (OR 1.030, 95% CI 1.007-1.053; P=0.010) were independently correlated with ipsilateral severe PWMHs. Conclusion Ipsilateral PCAL is an independent protective factor for ipsilateral DWMHs in patients with severe ICA stenosis.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824190

ABSTRACT

Objective To describe the characteristics of radiation induced mucositis in patients withhead and neck cancer ( HNC) during radiotherapy, and analyze the effect of radiation induced mucositis on diet patterns and weight change and the influencing factors for radiation induced mucositis. Methods Patients with HNC treated with radiotherapy in one cancer hospital were recruited. Data were collected before, during and at the end of the radiotherapy, which included radiation induced oral and pharyngeal mucositis, pain during eat-ing, diet patterns and weight. Results Two hundred and two patients were completely investigated and 43.5%and 34. 2% of the patients suffered from moderate to severe (≥grade 2) oral mucositis and pharyngeal mucosi-tis, respectively during the radiotherapy. At the end of radiotherapy, 53. 5% and 51. 5% of the patients suffered from moderate to severe oral mucositis and pharyngeal mucositis (≥grade 2 ) , respectively. Oral and pharyngeal mucositis were significantly correlated with pain during eating, diet patterns and weight ( P<0. 05) . Tumor site was the main reason that affected the severity of mucositis ( Wald χ2 =26. 033, 14. 216;P<0.001). Conclusion Radiation induced mucositis was gradually aggravated with radiotherapy progress, which is closely related to pain during eating, change of diet patterns and weight loss. The severity of mucositis is re-lated to the tumor site. Measures should be taken to strengthen the management of adverse reactions and nutri-tional status of patients.

11.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 24-28, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709475

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical value of serum metabolomic profile of prostate cancer using nuclear magnetic resonance-based metabolomics.Methods The retrospective case control study was adopted.The clinical data of 31 patients with prostate cancer,28 patients of prostatic hyperplasia and 31 healthy volunteers were enrolled in this study from May 2016 to May 2017 at the first affiliated hospital of Xinjiang medical university.In PCa group,the mean age was 66.3 years old,ranging 53-80 years old.In BPH group,the mean age was 59.3 years old,ranging 46-75 years old.In volunteer group,the mean age was 47.8 years old,ranging 35-62 years old..The serum of the 3 groups was measured by 1H-NMR spectroscopy.Multivariate statistical analysis was used to analyze the serum differential metabolism of the 3 groups,including principal components analysis (PCA),partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA).Results The multivariate statistical analysis of PCA that the rate of the first principal component 1 (PC1) was 53.24%,the second principal component 2 (PC2) was 25.31% and the cumulative contribution rate was 78.55 %.Results of PLS -DA showed that partial data overlap of the three groups,but the separation trend was appeared.The variance of X(R2X) and Y(R2Y) matrixes and predictive value Q2 were 0.67,0.60,and 0.42.The results of OPLS-DA showed that the difference among the PCa group and BPH group,healthy group were obvious.The separation trend were appeared and the differential metabolites could be screened effectively.The R2X、R2Y and Q2 was 0.24,0.57,0.21 and 0.30,0.65,0.36.26 different serum metabolites were detected in the 3 groups,including citric acid,arginine,threonine,citrulline,glutamine,lactic acid,alanine,unsaturated fats,glycoprotein etc.Conclusions Compared with BPH group and healthy group,the serum of prostate cancer patients showed significant differences in metabolism.Nuclear magnetic resonance metabolomics analysis can effectively distinguish these serum metabolic differences.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709132

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the association between leptomeningeal anastomosis (LMA) collateral circulation and cerebral infarction in patients with middle cerebral artery (MCA) M1-segment stenosis by observing the compensatory characteristics of LMA collateral circulation.Methods One hundred and fourteen MCA M1-segment stenosis patients were divided into cerebral infarction group (n=68) and cerebral infarction-free group (n=46).The hemilateral phenomenon of homolateral anterior cerebral artery (ACA) stenosis and posterior cerebral artery stenosis was assessed and its effect on the incidence of cerebral infarction was studied according to its magnetic resonance angiography.Results The ACA score and MCA stenosis severity were significantly different between cerebral infarction group and cerebral infarction-free group (P<0.05).Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that low ACA score and MCA M1-segment stenosis were two independent risk factors for cerebral infarction (OR =0.390,95% CI:0.154-0.987;OR =2.421,95%CI:1.324-4.428,P<0.01).Conclusion The incidence of cerebral infarction is low in MCA M1-segment stenosis patients with good ACA collateral circulation.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709075

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the relationship of clinical and radiological characteristics with the pathogenesis of acute small deep cerebellar infarction (SDCI).Methods Ninety-five patients with acute small cerebellar infarction admitted to our hospital from April 2015 to April 2017 were divided into deep cerebellar infarction (DCI) group (n =20) and cortical infarction group (n =75).Their clinical and imaging characteristics were compared.Results The lacunar infarction score,leukoararaiosis score and microbleeds score were significantly higher [2 (1,2)score vs 1 (0,1) score,P=0.001;3(2,4)score vs 1(1,2)score,P=0.000;30.0% vs 6.7%,P=0.041] while the incidence of AF and carotid or basilar artery atheromatous sclerosis was significantly lower (5.0% vs 30.7 %,P =0.040;15.0 % vs 40.0 %,P =0.037;20.0 % vs 60.0 %,P =0.001),the incidence of small artery lesions was significantly higher while that of atherosclerotic and cardiogenic throm bosis was significantly lower in DCI group than in cortical infarction group (P<0.05,P<0.01).Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that lacunar cerebellar infarction and cerebral microbleeds were the independent risk factors for DCI (OR=3.233,95%CI:1.538-6.795,P=0.002;OR=8.123,95%CI:2.182-5.301,P=0.009) and that DCI was positively related with small artery lesions (OR=5.481,95%CI:1.811-19.815,P=0.006).Conclusion SDCI is induced by small vessel lesions.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709074

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the relationship between single subcortical small infarction (SSSI) in middle cerebral artery (MCA) and large artery atheromatous sclerosis (LAAS).Methods One hundred and sixty patients with acute SSSI in MCA admitted to our hospital from January 2014 to December 2015 were divided into proximal infarction group (n=98) and distal infarction group (n=62).Their demographic,clinical,imaging data and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score were recorded on admision.Results The incidence of coronary heart disease,NIHSS score,and contralateral intracranial artery stenosis were significantly higher while the incidence of proximal infarction,old lacunar infarction,and periventricular leukoaraiosis was significantly lower in proximal infarction group than in distal infarction group (21.4% vs 3.2%,P=0.001;3 vs 2,P=0.030;19.4% vs 1.6%,P=0.002;10.2% vs 29.0%,P=0.002;16.3% vs 33.9%,P=0.010).Logistic regression analysis showed that proximal infarction was independently related with old lacunar infarction,contralateral intracranial artery stenosis and periventricular leukoaraiosis (OR=0.270,95%CI:0.100-0.726,P=0.009;OR=4.500,95%CI:1.541-15.012,P=0.018;OR=0.325,95%CI:0.127-0.834,P=0.019).Conclusion Distal SSSI in MCA is related with small vessel disease while proximal SSSI in MCA is related with LAAS.

15.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 204-208, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703624

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) induced by endotoxin on the right ventricular function in rats. Methods Sixty male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into normal saline (NS) control group and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) model group with 30 rats in each group. The rat model of ARDS was reproduced by intratracheal instillation of LPS 10 mg/kg after tracheotomy, and the rats in NS control group was intratracheally given the same volume of NS instead of LPS. The survival of rats in each group was observed. Right ventricular function was evaluated by echocardiography at 6 hours and 12 hours after instillation of LPS or NS respectively. Then the rats were sacrificed by bloodletting, and the right heart and lung tissue were harvested. The lung wet/dry weight (W/D) ratio was assessed. The pathological changes in cardiopulmonary tissue in rats were observed with hematoxylin and eosin (HE) strain, and the pathological score of lung injury was calculated. Results There was no animal death in NS control group. In LPS model group, there were 3 rats dead at 6 hours, and 4 dead at 12 hours. The pathological manifestations of lung injury were found at 6 hours after instillation of LPS, and the marked pathological changes of ARDS, such as atelectasis and hyaline membranes were observed at 12 hours. There was no obvious abnormality in the lung tissue of the NS control group. Compared with the NS control group, the 12-hour lung W/D ratio and the lung injury pathological score in the LPS model group were significantly increased (lung W/D ratio:7.69±1.02 vs. 4.14±0.48, lung injury pathological score: 8.26±2.12 vs. 1.32±0.94, both P < 0.01). Echocardiography showed that the right heart function of rats was significantly abnormal with the prolongation of LPS induction time, which showed that pulmonary arterial diameter (PAD) and right ventricular diastolic diameter (RVDd) were increased, maximum blood flow velocity of pulmonary artery (PAVmax), maximum pulmonary artery pressure gradient (PAmaxPG),pulmonary artery acceleration time (PAAT) and tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) were decreased, with significant differences at 12 hours as compared with those of NS normal group [PAD (mm): 2.84±0.31 vs. 2.11±0.37, RVDd (mm): 4.18±0.71 vs. 3.17±0.40, PAVmax (mm/s): 704.00±145.13 vs. 809.59±120.48, PAmaxPG (mmHg, 1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa): 2.07±0.88 vs. 2.73±0.76, PAAT (ms): 23.80±4.87 vs. 30.01±3.02, TAPSE (mm): 2.48±0.45 vs. 3.56±0.40, all P < 0.01]. Pathological examination showed that the cardiac tissue in the LPS model group showed disorder of myocardial cells and scattered inflammatory cells at 6 hours, and cardiomyocyte degeneration, structural destruction and inflammatory cells were found at 12 hours. Conclusion ARDS induced by instillation of LPS at 12 hours causes right ventricular dysfunction in rats.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697563

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship of NT-ProBNP,IVRT and Ea/Aa in patients with acute cerebral infarction.Methods From February 2015 to May 2016,67 patients with acute cerebral infarction and 60 healthy subjects were selected as observation group and control group.Sserum NT-proBNP levels and cardiac ultrasound parameters of the two groups were measured.The correlation between NT-ProBNP and left ventricular diastolic function was analyzed,and the ability of NT-ProBNP to detect left ventricular diastolic function was assessed with the ROC curve analysis.Results Compared with those in control group,IVRT and NT-ProBNP of observation group were significantly increased (t =5.844,7.947,P =0.005,0.000),while Ea/Aa was significantly lower (t =4.639,P =0.012).Correlation analysis showed that there was a significant positive correlation between NT-ProBNP and IVRT (r =0.507,P =0.001),and a remarkably negative correlation between NT-ProBNP and Ea/Aa (r =-0.592,P <0.001) Multiple linear regression analysis showed that NT-ProBNP was independently correlated with IVRT and Ea/Aa (3 =541.90,26.38).ROC predictive results showed that NT-proBNP had the most optimal sensitivity (100%) and specificity (100%) for detecting Ea/Aa < 1.0 in patients with acute cerebral infarction.Conclusion Serum NT-ProBNP levels can indirectly reflect the severity of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in patients with acute cerebral infarction.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790743

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare the etoposide chitosan micelle, and investigate the effect of chitosan on etoposide intestinal absorption.Methods The etoposide chitosan micelle was prepared by dialysis.The drug encapsulation efficiency and drug loading efficiency were determined by HPLC.The intestine in rats was cannulated for in situ recirculation.The effects of different chitosan doses on the intestinal drug absorption and the effects of chitosan on the drug absorption at different intestinal locations were studied.Results The average particle size of etoposide chitosan micelle was 139.5 nm.The multi-dispersion coefficient was 0.569.The standard curve of etoposide was A =8 436.8 C-4963.8,r=1.0000.The intra-and inter-day precision values meetthe requirement.The drug encapsulation efficiency was (47.3±2.84)% and drug loading efficiency was (1.10±1.27)%.With the increase of the chitosan concentration, the absorption capacity of the unit area in the whole intestine was increased in different degrees.Chitosan exhibits its effects on etoposide absorptionat different intestinal sections in the following order: ileum>jejunum>duodenum.Conclusion Chitosan promoted etoposide absorption induodenum, jejunum and ileum, especially in jejunum and ileum.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619761

ABSTRACT

Right ventricular failure(RVF)is a severe clinical syndrome that affects human health seriously.The establishment and application of experimental animal models are critical to research the pathogenesis, pathophysiology, prevention and treatment of RVF.Recently, numerous researchers have studied the modeling methods and testing indexes of RVF of animal models, which has improved the success rate and quality of the models.However, even if so many models, there is still no widely accepted experimental animal model of RVF because of the different and complex modeling methods, material selection and experimental conditions.This article reviews the methods and mechanism of multiple experimental animal models of RVF and compares them, so as to provide reference for choosing and applying experimental animal models of RVF in the study.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614863

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Objective To study the relationship between high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HTPR) and early neurological deterioration (END) in acute non-cardiogenic cerebral infarction patients.Methods Two hundred and fifteen acute non-cardiogenic cerebral infarction patients were divided into END group (n=55) and EDD-free group (n=160).The patients were given oral aspirin (300 mg daily) on the day after admission,and fasting blood samples were taken at 6-24 h after the first dose of aspirin.Their platelet aggregative function (PAGT) was assayed with ADP to detect the platelet responsiveness to aspirin.The incidence of HTPR was compared between the two groups.The independent risk factors for END were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression analysis.The value of PAGT in predicting END was assessed according to its ROC curve.Results The incidence of HTRP was higher in END group than in END-free group (63.34% vs 43.75%,P<0.05).Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that HTRP was an independent risk factor for acute non-cardiogenic cerebral infarction.The area under the ROC curve was 0.864 for PAGT in predicting acute non-cardiogenic cerebral infarction (95 % CI:0.806-0.922,P=0.000).Conclusion HTPR is closely related with END in acute non-cardiogenic cerebral infarction patients.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512639

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influences of repeated propofol anesthesia on the hippocampal apoptosis and the long-term learning and memory abilities of neonatal rats.Methods: In the study,45 male Sprague-Dawley rats,aged 7 days,were randomly divided into 3 group (n=15 each): control group (C group) that received intralipid 7.5 mL/kg intraperitioneal (IP) once a day×7 days;group propofol 1 (P1) that received propofol 75 mg/kg IP once a day×7 days;group propofol 2 (P2) that received intralipid 7.5 mL/kg IP once a day×6 days+propofol 75 mg/kg IP on the 7th day.In each group,5 animals were chosen and arterial blood samples were obtained immediately after the animals were fully awake for blood gas analysis.Learning and memory abilities were assessed using Morris water maze when the other rats were 4 weeks old.The animals were decapitated after the tests.The hippocampi were isolated for detection of neuron-specific nucleoprotein (NeuN) expression by immunohistochemistry method and the expression of caspase-3 using the Western blot.Results: There was no significant difference in the indexes of blood gas analysis among the 3 groups.Morris water maze test: compared with group C,the escape latency and the length of searching on the 5th day were significantly prolonged,and the searching time in target quadrant and platform crossing on the 6th day were significantly decreased in group P1 (P<0.05) but not in group P2.Compared with group C,NeuN-positive neurons were decreased,and the expression of caspase-3 was increased in the rats of group P1 (P<0.05) but not in group P2.Conclusion: Repeated propofol anesthesia may destroy long-term learning and memory abilities by inducing apoptosis of hippocampal neurons in neonatal rats,while single dose of propofol has no obvious effect on the hippocampal apoptosis and long-term learning and memory of neonatal rats.

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