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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013343

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the clinical efficacy and safety of Tengfu Jiangya tablets combined with valsartan/amlodipine in the treatment of grade 2 hypertension with liver Yang hyperactivity syndrome. MethodAccording to a randomized,double-blind,and placebo parallel control method,288 patients with grade 2 hypertension with liver Yang hyperactivity from 7 subcenters were included. They were randomly divided into an observation group (144 cases) and a control group (144 cases),and then treated with Tengfu Jiangya tablets combined with valsartan/amlodipine and placebo combined with valsartan/amlodipine,respectively. The efficacy was evaluated after four weeks of intervention. During the experiment,the safety indicators and adverse reaction events of the subjects were recorded for safety evaluation,and the efficacy indicators and TCM syndrome scores were recorded for effectiveness evaluation. Sensitivity analysis was also conducted on the statistical results of the main efficacy indicators such as blood pressure (BP) compliance rate to ensure the accuracy of the analysis results. 88 groups of blood samples from each of the treatment and control groups were included as test subjects. Fasting blood samples were collected from the patients in the clinical trial on the day before and after medication,and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was performed on the treated serum. The levels of arachidonic acid (AA),thromboxane B2 (TXB2),and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in the serum of the patients before and after treatment were measured to explore the regulation of inflammatory factors in the body by Tengfu Jiangya tablets. ResultA total of 271 patients (133 in the observation group and 138 in the control group) completed the trial. There was no statistically significant difference before and after treatment in such safety indicators as the blood routine (white blood cells,red blood cells,and platelets),urine routine (urinary protein and urinary red blood cells),alanine aminotransferase,aspartate aminotransferase,creatinine,urea,and abnormal electrocardiogram,and no serious adverse reactions were observed. After four weeks,the systolic blood pressure (SBP) difference and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) difference of patients in the observation group were greater than those in the control group(P<0.01). According to the criteria for determining the antihypertensive effect,the overall response rate in the observation group[89.47%(119/133)] was higher than that in the control group[57.97%(80/138)] (Z=2.593,P<0.01). The SBP compliance rate was 61.65%(82/133) and 37.68%(52/138) in the observation group and control group, respectively. The DBP compliance rate in the observation group was 78.20%(104/133),while in the control group it was 55.07%(76/138). The overall BP compliance rate in the observation group was 48.12%(64/133),while in the control group it was 23.19%(32/138). The BP compliance rates in the observation group were all significantly higher than those in the control group(χ2=15.571,16.236,18.404,P<0.01). According to the criteria for evaluating the therapeutic effect of TCM syndrome integration,the overall response rate of the observation group[57.89%(77/133)] was higher than that of the control group[38.41%(53/133)] (Z=-3.172,P<0.01).Compared with those before treatment, the levels of serum AA and TXB2 in the two groups were significantly decreased after treatment (P<0.01), and the level of PGE2 in the observation group was significantly increased (P<0.01). Compared with those of the control group after treatment, the levels of AA and TXB2 in the observation group were significantly decreased, while the level of PGE2 was significantly increased (P<0.01). The results suggest that Tengfu Jiangya tablets can effectively reduce inflammatory factors,reduce the production of inflammatory mediators,and thus prevent the occurrence of inflammatory reactions in the treatment of patients with grade 2 hypertension. ConclusionTengfu Jiangya tablets can more effectively reduce patients' SBP and DBP,improve their BP compliance rates,and improve their TCM syndromes in the treatment of grade 2 hypertension with liver Yang hyperactivity. Its clinical application is safe. Tengfu Jiangya tablets has outstanding clinical efficacy and can be used as an effective intervention method for the treatment of grade 2 hypertension with liver Yang hyperactivity syndrome.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008076

ABSTRACT

The fungal bioluminescence pathway (FBP) is a metabolic pathway responsible for the generation of bioluminescence derived from fungi. This pathway utilizes caffeic acid as the substrate, generating a high-energy intermediate, and the decomposition of which yields green fluorescence with a wavelength of approximately 520 nm. The FBP is evolutionally conserved in luminescent fungal groups. Unlike other bioluminescent systems, the FBP is particularly suitable for engineering applications in eukaryotic organisms, especially in plants. Currently, metabolically engineered luminescent plants are able to emit visible light to illuminate its surroundings, which can be visualized clearly in the dark. The fungal bioluminescent system could be explored in various applications in molecular biology, biosensors and glowing ornamental plants, and even green lighting along city streets.


Subject(s)
Luminescence , Light , Fluorescence , Eukaryota , Green Light
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006286

ABSTRACT

Cough variant asthma (CVA) is a chronic respiratory disease with cough as its main symptom. The occurrence of CVA is closely related to non-specific airway inflammation, and its pathogenesis involves environmental, genetic, immune, and other factors. In recent years, the advantages of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in the treatment of CVA have attracted the attention of experts and scholars in China and abroad, especially its prominent role in regulating immune balance, relieving cough symptoms in CVA patients, and reducing recurrence. T Helper cells 1 (Th1), T helper cells 2 (Th2), T helper cells 17 (Th17), and regulatory T cells (Treg) are derived from CD4+ T cells. Immune imbalance of Th1/Th2 and Th17/Treg is a new hotspot in the pathogenesis of CVA and a potential key target in the treatment of CVA by TCM. Th cell subsets are in dynamic balance under physiological conditions, maintaining respiratory immune homeostasis in which pro-inflammatory cytokines and anti-inflammatory cytokines are balanced. Immature helper T cells (Th0) can be differentiated into Th1, Th2, Th17, Treg, and other cell subsets due to cytokine types in the microenvironment in the stage of CVA maturation. The proliferation of Th2 cells leads to eosinophilic airway inflammation. Excessive differentiation of Th17 cells induces neutrophil airway inflammation. Th1/Th2 and Th17/Treg cells are mutually restricted in number and function, and the immune imbalance of Th1/Th2 and Th17/Treg is easy to aggravate the generation of inflammatory response. Restoring immune balance is particularly important for the airway anti-inflammatory therapy of CVA. In this paper, the imbalance of Th1/Th2 and Th17/Treg and the pathogenesis of CVA were systematically expounded. Meanwhile, the latest research on the regulation of immune imbalance by TCM compound, single TCM, and its effective ingredients in the treatment of CVA was reviewed. It provides ideas and references for revealing the scientific connotation of TCM regulating immune balance therapy of CVA, as well as the development of clinical treatment and basic research of CVA.

4.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 439-442, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989004

ABSTRACT

The occurrence and development of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) are related to many factors such as CLL cells, defective T cells and tumor microenvironment. The mutual interaction between tumor cells and immune cells in tumor microenvironment is an important factor for the progress of CLL. T cells, as the main members of adaptive immunity, play an ambiguous role in CLL. This review focuses on the immunodeficiency of T-cell subsets in CLL and recent advances in T-cell immunotherapy, in order to explore the potential role of T cells in the occurrence, development and outcome of CLL.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981122

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This work aimed to investigate the molecular mechanism of cyclic tensile stress (CTS) stimulating autophagy in human periodontal ligament cells (hPDLCs).@*METHODS@#hPDLCs were isolated and cultured from normal periodontal tissues. hPDLCs were loaded with tensile stress by force four-point bending extender to simulate the autophagy of hPDLCs induced by orthodontic force du-ring orthodontic tooth movement. XMU-MP-1 was used to inhibit the Hippo signaling pathway to explore the role of the Hippo-YAP signaling pathway in activating hPDLC autophagy by tensile stress. The expression levels of autophagy-related genes (Beclin-1, LC3, and p62) in hPDLCs were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of autophagy-related proteins (Beclin-1, LC3-Ⅱ/LC3-Ⅰ, and p62) and Hippo-YAP pathway proteins (active-YAP and p-YAP) in hPDLCs. Immunofluorescence was used to locate autophagy-related proteins (LC3-Ⅱand p62) and Hippo-YAP pathway proteins (active-YAP) of hPDLCs.@*RESULTS@#CTS-activated autophagy in hPDLCs and expression of autophagy-related proteins initially increased and then decreased; it began to increase at 30 min, peaked at 3 h, and decreased (P<0.05). CTS increased the expression of active-YAP protein and decreased the expression of p-YAP protein (P<0.05). When XMU-MP-1 inhibited the Hippo-YAP signaling pathway (P<0.05), active-YAP protein was promoted to enter the nucleus and autophagy expression was enhanced (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The Hippo-YAP signaling pathway is involved in the regulation of autophagy activation in hPDLCs under CTS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hippo Signaling Pathway , Periodontal Ligament/metabolism , Beclin-1/metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Autophagy
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014712

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the dose regimens of tegacycline for treatment of hospital-acquired pneumonia, complex abdominal infection and complex skin and soft tissue infection caused by Gram-negative bacterial infections with Monte Carlo model. METHODS: The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of tegacycline against Acinetobacter baumannii, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Enterobacter cloacae were collected from the CHINET in 2018. The target probability (PTA) and cumulative response fraction (CFR) of different regimens were calculated using Monte Carlo simulation based on PK/PD theory of tegacycline. RESULTS:In the treatments of HAP caused by gram-negative bacteria, when MIC≤0.5 μg / mL, the PTA of 50 mg q12h was greater than 90%, and when MIC≥1 μg / mL, PTA and CFR of 100 mg q12h were both greater than 90%, When MIC≥2 μg/mL, 50 mg q12h, 75 mg q12h and 100 mg q12h doses of PTA were less than 90%. In the treatment of cIAI, when MIC≤0.5 μg / mL, PTA of 50 mg q12h reached the target value, and when MIC=1 μg/mL, PTA of 100 mg q12h was greater than 90%. For complex skin and soft tissue infection, when the MIC≤0.25 μg/mL, the PTA of 75 mg q12h and 100 mg q12h was greater than 90%, and the PTA of the three administration regimen was less than 90%, when the MIC≥0.5 μg/mL. CONCLUSION:The dose of 50 mg q12h is more suitable for the treatment of HAP, when MIC>0.5 μg/mL, tigecycline may need 100 mg q12h to obtain the best clinical efficacy in the treatment of cIAI. For cSSSI. when MIC≤0.25 μg/mL, tigecycline can be administered with 75 mg q12h and 100 mg q12h. For the three types of infections caused by Escherichia coli, the conventional dose of tigecycline may achieve clinical efficacy.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997291

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo systematically review the clinical experience of four sessions of Masters of Traditional Chinese Medicine and two sessions of National Famous Chinese Medicine Practitioners in treating ulcerative colitis (UC). Data mining and analysis were conducted to clarify the diagnosis and treatment ideas and characteristics of prescription used by these famous doctors in treating UC. MethodsRelevant literature on the treatment of UC by renowned doctors was retrieved from the establishment of the database until March 31, 2023. The literature was collected from databases such as China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform, Chinese Science and Technology Periodicals Database, and China Biomedical Literature Database. The data mining techniques including frequency analysis, association rules, and cluster analysis were conducted using the Ancient and Modern Medical Case Cloud Platform V2.3.5. ResultsA total of 157 literatures were included in this study, including 115 clinical case data. The study found that UC can be categorized into 14 types of syndrome patterns for treatment, including large intestine dampness-heat syndrome (75,65.22%), syndrome of dampness stagnancy due to spleen deficiency (23, 20.00%), spleen-kidney yang deficiency syndrome (21, 18.26%). The main affected organs were the spleen (85, 73.91%) and large intestine (75, 65.22%), and they were closely related to liver (24, 20.87%) and the kidney (21, 18.26%). The predominant pathogenic factors were dampness (83, 72.17%) , heat (80, 69.57%) and qi deficiency (65, 56.52%). The treatment involved 30 kinds of treatment methods, including heat-clearing and dampness-draining method (75, 65.22%), pleen-tonifying and qi-boosting method (25,21.74%) and spleen-invigorating and dampness-transforming method (23, 20.00%). The medication involved 187 ingredients, with the most commonly used being heat-clearing herbs (37, 19.79%) and tonifying herbs (27, 14.44%). The tastes of the herbs were mostly sweet (85, 45.45%) , bitter (80, 42.78%) , and pungent (71, 37.97%). The association rules revealed 16 high-frequency combinations mainly composed of Huanglian (黄连), Baishao (白芍) and Gancao (甘草) along with Baizhu (白术), Fuling (茯苓), Muxiang (木香) and Danggui (当归). ConclusionFamous doctors are skilled in diagnosing and treating UC based on the differentiation of the zang-fu organs and qi-blood. The key pathological mechanism is “spleen deficiency as the root, and large intestine damp-heat as the manifestation”. The core treatment approach is “heat-clearing, spleen-tonifying, and dampness-draining”, with the inclusion of “regulating qi and blood, and balancing cold and heat”.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994257

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of silent information regulator-1 (SIRT1)/nucleotide-binding domain (NOD)-like receptor protein-3 (NLRP3) signaling pathway in sevoflurane postconditioning-induced attenuation of oxygen-glucose deprivation and restoration (OGD/R) injury in mouse hippocampal neuronal cell line (HT22) cells.Methods:The HT22 cells were seeded in a culture plate (96-well plate, 100 μl/well; 6-well plate, 2 ml/well) at the density of 5×10 4 cells/ml or in a culture dish (6 cm in diameter) and then divided into 4 groups ( n=24 each) using a random number table method: control group (Control group), OGD/R group, sevoflurane postconditioning group (SPC group), and SIRT1 small interfering RNA group (si-SIRT 1 group). In Control group, cells were cultured at 37 ℃ in normal culture atmosphere. In OGD/R group, the culture medium was replaced with glucose-free serum-free culture medium, and cells were exposed to 95% N 2+ 5% CO 2 for 4 h in an incubator at 37 ℃, and then the glucose-free serum-free culture medium was replaced with the primary culture medium, and cells were cultured for 24 h at 37 ℃ in normal culture atmosphere. In SPC group, the glucose-free serum-free culture medium was replaced with the primary cell culture medium after 4-h oxygen and glucose deprivation, the cells were put into the hypoxia incubator chamber which was filled with 2% sevoflurane immediately after start of reoxygenation, then the chamber was placed in an incubator and the cells were cultured for 1 h at 37 ℃ in normal culture atmosphere, and finally the cells were removed from the chamber and cultured for 23 h at 37 ℃ in normal culture atmosphere. In si-SIRT1 group, SIRT1 small interfering RNA 150 pmol was added at 24 h before surgery, cells were then incubated, and the other procedures were the same as those previously described in group SPC. The cell survival rate was determined using MTT assay. TUNEL assay was used to detect cell apoptosis, and the apoptosis rate was calculated. The expression of SIRT1, NLRP3, IL-1β and IL-18 mRNA was determined using polymerase chain reaction. The expression of SIRT1, NLRP3, interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) and IL-18 was detected using Western blot. Results:Compared with Control group, the cell survival rate was significantly decreased, the apoptosis rate was increased, the expression of SIRT1 protein and mRNA was down-regulated, and the expression of NLRP3, IL-1β and IL-18 protein and mRNA was up-regulated in OGD/R group ( P<0.05). Compared with OGD/R group, the cell survival rate was significantly increased, the apoptosis rate was decreased, the expression of SIRT1 protein and mRNA was up-regulated, and the expression of NLRP3, IL-1β and IL-18 protein and mRNA was down-regulated in SPC group ( P<0.05). Compared with SPC group, the cell survival rate was significantly decreased, the apoptosis rate was increased, the expression of SIRT1 protein and mRNA was down-regulated, and the expression of NLRP3, IL-1β and IL-18 protein and mRNA was up-regulated in si-SIRT1 group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Activation of SIRT1-NLRP3 signaling pathway is involved in sevoflurane postconditioning-induced attenuation of OGD/R injury in HT22 cells.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934403

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect the expression of receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor 1 (ROR1) antigen in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and evaluate its diagnostic value and explore its correlation with the abnormalities of genetics and molecular biology.Methods:All of 209 newly diagnosed B-cell chronic lymphoproliferative disorders (B-CLPD) patients who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University (Jiangsu Provincial People′s Hospital) from November 2020 to November 2021 were collected retrospectively, including 70 cases of CLL with typical phenotype, 16 cases of CLL with atypical phenotype, 14 cases of MCL, and 109 cases of other types of B-CLPD. Multi-parameter flow cytometry (FCM) was used to detect the expression levels of ROR1 in tumor cells of 209 patients. And then the diagnostic value of ROR1 in CLL patients and its correlation with the genetic and molecular biological abnormalities were analyzed by c2 test and fourfold table assessment.Results:The positive expression rate of ROR1 in CLL patients was significantly higher than that in non-CLL patients (78%>11%, P<0.001); there was no significant difference of ROR1 expression between typical phenotype CLL and atypical phenotype CLL (81%>63%, P>0.05). The positive expression rate of ROR1 in atypical phenotype CLL was significantly higher than that in MCL (63%>21%, P<0.05). Additionally, there was significant difference in detection rate of chromosomal abnormalities between ROR1 +CLL group and ROR1 -CLL group. The detection rate of complex karyotype in ROR1 +CLL group was higher than that in ROR1 -CLL group (34%>14%, P<0.05). The CLL patients over 60 years old had higher ROR1 positive rate ( P<0.05). Conclusions:ROR1 can be helpful in the diagnosis of CLL, especially in the differential diagnosis of atypical phenotype CLL, MCL and other types of B-CLPD. Patients with ROR1 positive expression were older and more likely to detect complex chromosomal karyotypes.

10.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 843-848, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013069

ABSTRACT

Nowadays, the wide application of artificial intelligence technology and big data technology in epidemic prevention and control has played an indispensable and key role, and will continue to be used in depth. At the same time, the digitization of personal information has exacerbated ethical problems, such as the expansion of personal privacy boundary, the complexity of privacy ownership, and the imbalance of various forms of value and rights. Therefore, it is of great significance to identify, prevent and solve these privacy problems according to the needs of epidemic prevention and control and ethical principles. Starting with the application scope of big data technology in epidemic prevention and control, this paper expounded prominent problems in the four stages of privacy dilemma in epidemic prevention and control and three typical conflicts of interest, analyzed three causes of privacy problems, clarified three principles for dealing with privacy problems, comprehensively considered and put forward countermeasures to solve privacy ethics problems in epidemic prevention and control, so as to provide reference for alleviating or solving the privacy problems in epidemic prevention and control.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958636

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical significance of cc-chemokine receptor 7 (CCR7) as a potential diagnostic or differential marker for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL).Methods:A total number of 643 patients with B-cell chronic lymphoproliferative diseases (B-CLPD) admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2015 to December 2018 were enrolled. The patients included 327 cases of CLL, 58 cases of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), 34 cases of follicular lymphoma (FL), 36 cases of marginal zone lymphoma (MZL), 10 cases of hair-cell leukemia or its variants (HCL/HCLV-v), 40 cases of Waldorf′s macroglobulinemia (WM), 48 cases of CD5 +B-cell chronic lymphoproliferative disease unclassified (B-CLPD-U) and 90 cases of CD5 -B-CLPD-U. At the same time, 20 samples from healthy people from the medical examination center of our hospital were used as normal controls. Flow cytometry was used to detect the immune-phenotype and CCR7 expression level in B-CLPD patients, and Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was used to analyze the genomic alterations: the ataxia telangiectasia mutant gene (ATM) deletion, the 13q14 deletion, the P53 deletion and trisomy 12. Sanger sequencing was used to analyze gene mutations of splicing factor 3B subunit 1 (SF3B1), NOTCH1, tumor protein 53 (TP53) and immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region (IGHV). Measurement data were compared by Mann-Whitney test, and the positive rates were compared by chi-square test. The diagnostic value and optimal positive cutoff value of CCR7 were calculated using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results:The positive rates of CCR7 expression in typical CLL and atypical CLL were 90.8% (257/283) and 84.1% (37/44), respectively, and there was no significant difference of the positive rates (χ 2=1.228, P=0.268) between groups. The positive expression rates of CCR7 in CLL, MCL, CD5 +B-CLPD-U, CD5 -B-CLPD-U, FL, WM, HCL/HCL-v and MZL were 89.9% (294/327), 10.3% (6/58), 6.3% (3/48), 8.9% (8/90), 0, 0, 0 and 13.9% (5/36) respectively, and the median mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) was 278 (246, 307), 114 (106, 128), 112 (106, 117), 110 (104, 121), 108 (105, 119), 111 (105, 124), 112 (108, 115) and 109 (105, 120) respectively. Compared with CLL, the positive expression rates of CCR7 in other types of B-CLPDs were lower significantly (χ 2=181.3, 177.8, 232, 164.7, 180.8, 62.6, 129, P<0.01). In addition, the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of CCR7 for distinguishing CLL from other types of B-CLPD were 89.9%, 93.0% and 92.3%, respectively. The positive expression rate of CD49d in CCR7 +CLL patients was 13.9%, which was significantly lower than that in CCR7 -CLL patients (42.1%) (χ 2=7.6, P=0.01). The coincidence rate of 13q14 deletion was 50.3% in CCR7 +CLL patients, which was significantly higher than that in CCR7 -CLL patients (20%) (χ 2=6.56, P=0.01). Conclusions:The CC-chemokine receptor 7 (CCR7) antigen is an effective marker for the diagnosis and identification of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). The expression level of CCR7 in clinical specimens can distinguish CLL from other pathological subtypes of B-CLPDs.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958588

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the significance of 12 inflammatory cytokines in early detection and treatment guidance of hematologic malignant patients with Cytokine release syndrome (CRS) after Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T cell immunotherapy.Methods:A total of 12 patients, including 6 males and 6 females, aged 53.0 (49.8, 62.5) years old, were treated with CAR-T cell immunotherapy in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from 2017 to 2020. Cytometric bead array was used to detect the serum levels of IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12P70, IL-17A, IFN-α, IFN-γ, and TNF-α at different time points after cell infusion in all patients receiving CAR-T cell immunotherapy. C-reactive protein (CRP), D-dimer (D-D), serum ferritin (SF), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were measured at the corresponding period. CRS was classified into four grades according to the diagnostic criteria, from 0 to 3. The differences of the above mentioned parameters between the four groups were compared. The Speedman correlation coefficient was used to analyze the correlation between inflammatory cytokine expression levels and CRS grades. Plot the subject′s receiver operating characterist (ROC) curve to determine the sensitivity and specificity of inflammatory cytokines to predict CRS.Results:CRS grading was performed on day 1, 4, 7, and 11 after CAR-T cell infusion in 12 patients. There are 48 cases in total, including 25 cases of CRS grade 0, 6 cases of CRS grade 1, 9 cases of CRS grade 2, and 8 cases of CRS grade 3. The correlation analysis of 48 cases showed that the expression levels of IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-1β, and IL-8 were positively correlated with CRS grade ( P<0.05). The correlation coefficients were 0.384, 0.730, 0.632, 0.341, 0.681, 0.319, and 0.622, respectively. 7 inflammatory cytokines (IL-6, IL-10, IFN-γ, IL-8, IL-2, TNF-α, and IFN-α) were elevated in 12 patients, and the average time to start the rise was 3.4, 5.3, 6.1, 2.9, 4.3, 6.0 and 5.8 days, respectively. The time for CRP, D-D, SF, and LDH to begin to rise were 6.6, 7.6, 8.3 and 7.6 days, which were higher than that of the 7 inflammatory cytokines. After effective treatment, except for IL-6, the remaining 6 inflammatory cytokines (IL-10, IFN-γ, IL-8, IL-2, TNF-α and IFN-α) had their recovery times as 7.8, 3.9, 5.1, 8.0, 6.0, and 2.5 day,respectively, which were lower than that of CRP, D-D, SF, and LDH(9.7, 9.2, 13.7, and 13.8 days, respectively). The ROC showed that IL-6, IL-10, IFN-γ, and IL-8 can serve as biomarkers for diagnosis of CRS with high sensitivity and specificity. Conclusion:The monitoring of 12 inflammatory cytokines play an important role in CRS grading after CAR-T cell immunotherapy, which contributes to the early diagnosis of CRS and the prediction of clinical outcome.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955018

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the current situation of spiritual care ability, occupational sadness, perceived hospital ethics of hospice nurses, and to analyze the impact of nurses' occupational sadness and perceived hospital ethics on nurses′ spiritual care ability.Methods:A total of 230 hospice nurses in Qingdao Eighth People′s Hospital, Qingdao Municipal Hospital and Qingdao Central Hospital (Qingdao Cancer Hospital) from March to June, 2021 were investigated by general information questionnaire, Spiritual Care Ability Scale, Sadness Experience Scale and Hospital Ethical Atmosphere Scale.Results:The scores of spiritual care ability, professional sadness and perceived hospital ethics of 230 hospice nurses were (70.59 ±13.35), (37.31 ±6.67) and (100.88 ±21.49) points, respectively. The results of regression analysis showed that receiving spiritual education ( β=0.26, P<0.05), professional sadness ( β=-0.08, P<0.05) and perceiving hospital ethical atmosphere ( β=0.63, P<0.05) entered the regression equation. Conclusions:The spiritual care ability of hospice nurses is at the medium level. Increasing spiritual education, taking measures to reduce occupational sadness and create a harmonious working atmosphere can improve the spiritual care ability of nurses to a certain extent and improve the quality of hospice care.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908867

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the status of time management and self-regulated learning of undergraduate nursing students, and to explore the correlation and influencing factors between them.Methods:In March, 2020, 873 undergraduate nursing students from a nursing college of a medical university in Chongqing were investigated with General Information Questionnaire, Adolescent Time Management Disposition Questionnaire and Self-regulated Learning Status Questionnaire. SPSS 22.0 was used for data analysis. Independent sample t-test, one-way ANOVA, pearson correlation analysis and multiple stepwise regression analysis were used for further analysis. Results:Total scores of time management disposition and self-regulated learning status were separately (153.58±18.62) points and (81.73±14.11) points. Scores of both items were influenced by different grades, whether or not they were student cadres, whether they voluntarily applied for nursing profession and whether they would like to take the postgraduate entrance examination. Correlation study showed that the score of time management disposition was significantly positively correlated with the score of self-regulated learning ( P < 0.01). And multiple stepwise regression study showed that time value, time monitoring and time efficacy entered the regression equation ( R2 = 0.353, adjusted R2 = 0.351, F = 153.073, P < 0.01). Conclusion:The undergraduate nursing students' time management disposition and self-regulated learning are at a moderate to good level. Each dimension of the time management disposition somewhat forecasts the self-regulated learning learning situation of the students. The self-regulated learning status of the nursing students can be enhanced by fostering their time management abilities.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912534

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression pattern of TCR variable region subfamily (Vβ and Vδ) in patients with mature T-cell lymphoma (TCL), and to compare the diagnostic value of TCRVβ and TCRVδ analysis in TCL.Methods:The TCRVβ flow cytometry kit was used to detect the expression of Vβ subtypes of αβT cell in 199 patients with αβ TCL and 398 patients with non-TCL, who hospitalized in Jiangsu Provincial People Hospital from 2011 to 2020. Among them, 185 cases of αβ TCL and 355 cases of non-TCL also underwent TCRβ and TCRγ gene rearrangement detection. The TCRVδ based 10-color protocol was used to detect the expression of Vδ subtypes in 24 cases of γδTCL, 10 cases of normal controls, and 15 cases with reactively higher CD4 and CD8 double-negative ratio from 2017 to 2020, and 24 cases of γδTCL and 15 cases with reactively higher CD4 and CD8 double-negative ratio underwent TCRβ, TCRγ and TCRδ gene rearrangement detection. The diagnostic performance and degree of coincidence for detecting malignant clonality were compared between TCRVβ and TCRVδ analysis and the TCR gene scanning method.Results:In the 199 cases of αβ TCL, 182 cases (91.5%) showed restricted expression or the sum of the positive percentages of the subgroups was less than 30% for the 24 TCRVβ subtypes. Among them, the subfamily members with the highest incidence of clonal T lymphocytes were TCRVβ13.2 (12.6%, 23/182) and TCRVβ3 (8.2%,15/182); the TCRVβ subtypes showed nonclonal results in 99.0% (394/398) of non-TCL. All 24 cases of γδTCL (100%) showed abnormal distribution patterns of Vδ1 and Vδ2, of which 19 cases showed restricted expression of Vδ1, and the remaining 5 cases had negative expression of either Vδ1 or Vδ2, and the positive rate of Vδ1 cells was significantly higher than that of Vδ2 cells (79.9%±10.8% vs 0.7%±0.3%, P<0.001). Among the normal control and cases with reactively higher CD4 and CD8 double-negative ratio, the positive rate of Vδ2 cells was significantly higher than that of Vδ1 cells (73.7%±6.7% vs 15.6%±4.2%, P<0.001), and all cases (25/25) showed a normal distribution pattern. In terms of the diagnostic performance of TCL, there was no significant difference of sensitivity and specificity between TCR variable region subfamily detection by flow cytometry and TCR gene scanning technology (the sensitivity was 92.4% and 91.4% respectively; the specificity was 99.0% and 95.9% respectively, P=0.065), and the coincidence rate of the two diagnostic methods is high (Kappa=0.809, P<0.001). Conclusion:Detection of TCR variable region subfamily by flow cytometry could quickly and effectively diagnose mature TCL.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826488

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the association of apolipoprotein (apo) C1 (APOC1) gene rs4420638A/G and -317H1/H2 polymorphisms with the risk of pre-eclampsia (PE) and the influence of their genotypes on the clinical and metabolic indexes among Chinese women.@*METHODS@#In total 289 PE patients and 824 women with uncomplicated pregnancies were included. The rs4420638A/G genotype was determined by a Taqman real-time PCR allelic discrimination assay. The -317H1/H2 genotype was measured through PCR and restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Serum lipid and apo levels were measured by an enzymatic kit and a PEG-enhanced immunoturbidimetric assay.@*RESULTS@#Allelic and genotypic frequencies of the APOC1 gene rs4420638A/G and -317H1/H2 were not significantly different between the two groups (all P> 0.05). However, patients carrying the G allele of the rs4420638A/G locus had higher serum levels of triglyceride, non-HDL-C and apoB, and a higher apoB/apoA1 ratio compared with those with an AA genotype (all P< 0.05). Patients carrying the H2 allele of the -317H1/H2 polymorphism had smaller delivery gestational weeks compared with those with the H1H1 genotype (P< 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Polymorphisms of the APOC1 gene rs4420638 and -317H1/H2 sites may be associated with abnormal lipoprotein metabolism among Chinese patients with PE, though no association was found between variants of the APOC1 gene and the risk of PE among them.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803605

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Objective@#To investigate the current situation of risk assessment of neonatal pressure injury (PI) and using of the assessment scale from 8 hospitals in Zhejiang Province,providing reference for further improvement of the scale.@*Methods@#A cross-sectional study was used to investigate 184 nurses in the department of neonatal intensive care unit admitted to 8 hospitals in Zhejiang Province by using a self-made questionnaire.@*Results@#Three of the eight hospitals did not use scale for neonatal PI assessment routinely. Of the remaining five hospitals, three hospitals used Neonatal Skin Risk Assessment Scale (NSRAS), one hospital used Braden Q Pediatric Skin Risk Assessment Scale (Pediatric Braden Q Scale) and one hospital used Neonatal/Infant Braden Q scale (Neonatal/Infant Braden Q Scale). 129 nurses from 5 hospitals evaluated the scales routinely used by the department.Nearly 93.80% (121/129) of the nurses thought the scales were easy to understand, 76.74% (99/129) of the nurses thought the scales were easy to measure, 76.74% (99/129) of the nurses thought the scales were good at predicting, 75.19% (97/129) of the nurses thought the scales were suitable for newborns, 37.21% (48/129) of the nurses thought the scales did not adequately assess the severity of the condition, 34.11% (44/129) of the nurses thought the scales did not adequately assess the medical device factors, 24.81% (32/129) of the nurses thought the scales scores were not clearly defined.@*Conclusion@#The use of risk assessment scale for neonatal PI has not been unified yet, and the three scales need to be improved. The department should pay attention to the risk assessment of newborn PI and strengthen the awareness of PI prevention.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802832

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Objective@#To investigate the impact of informal care satisfaction on quality of life on the elderly by establishing a structural equation model between them and introducing two mediating variables of frailty and depressive factors.@*Methods@#A total of 210 elderly over 60 years old from 6 communities of 2 urban areas in Qingdao were surveyed by general information questionnaire, the informal care satisfaction scale, frailty phenotype, depression scale and the SF-36 brief health scale.@*Results@#There was a direct effect on quality of life of daily life care dimension in informal nursing satisfaction (β=0.160, P<0.01) and an indirect effect of debilitating as intermediary (β=0.055, P<0.01). There was a direct effect on quality of life (β=0.130, P<0.01) and an indirect effect mediated by depression (β=0.132, P<0.01). There was a direct effect on quality of life (β=0.150, P<0.01) and an indirect effect mediated by debilitating and depression (β=0.147, P<0.01).@*Conclusions@#We should pay more attention to the impact of informal care on the quality of life on the elderly. Taking corresponding measures to promote the use of informal nursing and improving the quality of informal care is of great significance to improve the quality of life of the elderly and promote healthy aging.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799894

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of a modified puncture cannula on prevention of bone cement leakage in percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP).@*Methods@#From January 2014 to February 2018, 243 patients with single-segmental osteoporotic vertebral fracture were treated with PVP at Department of Orthopedics, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital. Their clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. Of them, a common puncture cannula was used in 169 cases (control group) and a modified puncture cannula in 74 (modified group). In the control group, there were 41 men and 128 women with an age of 71.6±9.5 years, and the fracture was distributed from T5 to T10 in 7 cases, from T11 to L2 in 132 and from L3 to L5 in 30. In the modified group, there were 20 men and 54 women with an age of 73.6±9.3 years, and the fracture was distributed from T5 to T10 in 3 cases, from T11 to L2 in 63 and from L3 to L5 in 8. The 2 groups were compared in terms of postoperative recovery of vertebral height, reduction in visual analogue scale(VAS) and bone cement leakage.@*Results@#There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in age, gender, distribution of fractured vertebral bodies, compression degree, condition of vertebral posterior wall, or bone cement volume injected (P>0.05). There were no significant differences either between the control and modified groups in the postoperative recovery of vertebral height (7.43%±7.82% versus 6.20%±7.84%) or reduction in VAS score (5.83±0.99 versus 5.81±0.89) (P>0.05). Bone cement leakage occurred in 93 cases (55.0%) in the control group but in 26 cases (35.1%) in the modified group, showing a significant difference (P<0.05). The incidences of bone cement leakage in the paravertebral vessels [13.5% (10/74)], paravertebral soft tissue [9.5%(7/74)] and spinal canal [4.1%(3/74)] in the modified group were all significantly lower than those in the control group [25.4%(43/169), 20.1%(34/169) and 15.4%(26/169)](P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Application of the modified end-to-side puncture cannula is an optional scheme to prevent bone cement leakage in PVP, because it can reduce the incidence of bone cement leakage without compromising postoperative short-term outcomes, especially in the spinal canal, paraspinal vessels and paraspinal soft tissue.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756487

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Objective To analyze the expression of CD160 antigen in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), and to explore its clinical diagnostic value as well as the correlation of CD160 with genetic abnormalities. Methods A retrospective study was conducted from January 2015 to December 2017. Clinical data of 336 patients in the First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University (Jiangsu Province) were collected. Among them, 200 patients were diagnosed with CLL according to WHO Classification Tumors of Hematopoietic and Lymphoid Tissues (the 4th edition of 2008), including 122 patients with typical CLL and 78 with atypical CLL based on Royal Marsden Hospital Immunomarker Integral System. Besides, there were 49 patients diagnosed with MCL and 87 patients with CD5-small B cell lymphoma (SBL). All patients' tumor cells were detected for CD160 expression and its mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) by flow cytometry. At the same time, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was used to detect P53 deletion, 13q14 deletion, ATM deletion, 6q23 deletion,+12 and IGH rearrangement in CLL cases. Molecular characteristics and genetic abnormalities were compared between CD160+ and CD160-CLL patients. Results The CD160 positive rate in typical CLL patients and atypical CLL patients was 59.8%(73/122) and 64.1% (50/78), with MFI ranging from 14.9 to 173.9, and 29.6 to 193.7, respectively; while the CD160 positive rate in patients with CD5-SBL was 1.1% (1 / 87) and all the MCL patients were CD160 negative. The CD160 positive rate was significantly higher in typical and atypical CLL patients than that in MCL patients or patients with CD5-SBL (P<0.01). The rearrangement rate of IGH was significantly higher in CD160+ CLL patients than that in CD160-CLL patients (62.1% vs 31.6%, P<0.05). Conclusion CD160 has significant value for auxiliary diagnosis of CLL, especially can provide a reliable evidence for the diagnosis and differential diagnosis among atypical CLL, MCL, and SBL.

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