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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965977


Neonatal Marfan syndrome is the most severe form of Marfan syndrome usually showing critical cardio-respiratory symptoms from the neonatal period or early infancy. We report a boy with this syndrome who presented with heart failure at 3 months of age and was referred to our department at 6 months old after intense medical treatment. He had enophthalmos, funnel chest, arachnodactyly, and Steinberg's thumb sign, but had no family history of Marfan syndrome or other cardiac diseases. Left ventricular dilatation, severe mitral regurgitation and moderate tricuspid regurgitation were noted on echocardiography. Mitral valvuloplasty and tricuspid annuloplasty were performed, and the regurgitation improved to trivial and mild level, respectively. However, rapid exacerbation of mitral regurgitation occurred, and the patient fell into circulatory collapse which needed circulatory support with extracorporeal membrane oxygenator (ECMO) on 18th postoperative day. In the emergency operation, the previous surgical procedures on the mitral valve were intact and we thought that rapid progression of the mitral annular dilatation and valve expansion to be the cause of exacerbation. Mitral valve replacement (Regent® 21 mm aortic) was performed, and the cardiac function improved, but ECMO was still needed because of the depressed respiratory function. Furthermore, tricuspid regurgitation due to annular dilatation and valve expansion was aggravated rapidly which needed tricuspid valve replacement (ATS® 20 mm mitral) 9 days after the mitral valve replacement. ECMO was ceased on the 37th day and the patient was extubated on 71st day. He was discharged from the hospital 5 months after the first operation. One year has passed after discharge, and he is doing well with anticoagulation. In the treatment of neonatal Marfan syndrome, surgical procedure for valve repair is still controversial and it should be remembered that rapid exacerbation of the atrioventricular valve can occur even after satisfactory valve repair and there should be no hesitation regarding surgical intervention when needed.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924587


A 49-year-old female with ruptured left common iliac mycotic arterial aneurysm (Lt. CIAA) was brought to our hospital as an emergency case. In Japan, endovascular treatment is unsuitable for the treatment of mycotic aneurysms, but findings from a Swedish national database showed that there was no difference in the long-term prognosis lasting over 10 years. Therefore, we performed endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) and saved the patient's life. The diameter of the proxymal sealing zone was larger than that of the distal zone. We used the Gore Excluder leg, which was inverted and implanted to match the caliber. Percutaneous abscess drainage was also performed on postoperative day 7 when hemostasis was confirmed for early infection control. The patient was discharged at 8 weeks postoperatively. After discharge from the hospital, oral antibiotics were continued until 6 months after the surgery. Six months postoperatively, contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed that the abscesses have disappeared. Blood samples that were taken at one month after the completion of antibiotics showed no evidence of the recurrence of infection and a curative course was achieved.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750843


We describe a rare complication and treatment progression that occurred in a 64-year-old man with an aortic abdominal aneurysm (AAA) that had been treated by endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). He had undergone EVAR to treat an infra-renal type AAA 21 months previously and returned to the emergency department with back pain. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed acute type B aortic dissection, so he was admitted and conservative medical management was started. Acute stomachache and limb pain appeared on hospital day 7, which prevented him from moving his lower limbs. The main body of the stent graft had collapsed, blocking blood flow, and contrast was not found in arteries from the collapsed stent graft portion to the knee level on emergency contrast CT images of the leg. His legs were revascularized by an extra-anatomical right axial-bilateral external iliac bypass. His symptoms disappeared and reperfusion injury was avoided. The collapsed stent graft had retained its original shape at 11 and 18 days after surgery. Furthermore, follow-up CT 4.5 years later showed that the stent graft retained its original form.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758246


A 47-year-old female was admitted to our hospital for management of dyspnea. She had undergone surgery for an atrial septal defect (ASD) at the age of 17. Computed tomography revealed left isomerism, inferior vena cava interruption with azygos continuation and a residual ASD. Intra-operative findings showed that the residual ASD was positioned across the orifice of the hepatic vein. The previous suture line could be identified in the partially-closed atrial septum above the residual defect. Re-closure was performed without difficulties, and the patient's condition was good at discharge. Closure of ASD is a simple and basic procedure in cardiac surgery but care must be taken not to leave a shunt at the lower part of the defect, especially in cases with ASD defects in the lower margin.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688743


When mitral valve dysfunction occurs in infants and mitral valve repair is difficult, mitral valve replacement (MVR) is required. However, commercially available prosthetic heart valves can be too large to implant in infants with a small annulus. In these children, the technique of supra-annular MVR is useful. Here we report two cases of supra-annular MVR, which were performed using an expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) graft as a skirt for a prosthetic valve. This method has been previously reported by Sung et al. The first case was a 16-month-old, 6.7-kg male infant who suffered from Shone' syndrome, mitral stenosis (MS) with a parachute mitral valve, coarctation of the aorta (CoA), and ventricular septal defect (VSD). MS progressed after CoA repair and VSD closure and a supra-annular MVR was performed. The second case was a 5-month-old, 4.9-kg female infant who suffered from polysplenia, intermediate atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD), and severe left atrioventricular valve regurgitation. AVSD repair was performed at the age of 3 months. However, valve stenosis and regurgitation gradually progressed postoperatively and consequently, a supra-annular MVR was performed. Postoperative prosthetic valve function was good in both cases. We believe that this method of performing supra-annular MVR is useful for infants with a small annulus.