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1.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 991-995, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910953

ABSTRACT

Objective:To quantitatively evaluate the left ventricular circumferential and longitudinal strain after percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI)in elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction(AMI)using speckle-tracking imaging(STI)on echocardiography.Methods:A prospective case-control study was conducted on 47 elderly patients diagnosed with ST-elevation AMI and undergoing percutaneous coronary interference(PCI)in our hospital from August 2017 to June 2020 as PCI-study group.The 35 normal subjects matched for age and sex were as a normal-control group.The longitudinal peak systolic strain(LPSS)and circumferential peak systolic strain(CPSS)were measured using STI at one week and three months after PCI in the two groups.Results:The values of LPSS and CPSS were apical segment > middle segment > basal segment, which was the similar between LPSS and CPSS.Compared with normal-control group, AMI-PCI group showed that CPSS and LPSS in each segment were significantly reduced at 1 week and 3 months after operation.Compared with the control group, all the CPSS and LPSS values were significantly decreased in AMI group at one week after PCI(-12.3±2.7)% vs.(-22.5±1.7)%( t=19.62, P<0.01); (-12.9±3.2)% vs.(-23.1±2.6)%( t=15.43, P<0.01). Both LPSS and CPSS values were improved at a certain extent at three months after PCI compared with AMI group at one week after PCI.The complete CPSS and LPSS values were significantly increased in AMI group at three months after PCI compared with one week after PCI(-16.8±2.6)% vs.(-12.3±2.7)%, ( t=8.23, P<0.01); (-17.0±3.3)% vs.(-12.9±3.2)%( t=6.11, P<0.01). But, there were still significant differences compared with the NC group(-16.8±2.6)% vs.(-22.5±1.7)%( t=11.29, P<0.01); (-17.0±3.3)% vs.(-23.1±2.6)%( t=9.04, P<0.01). Conclusions:The longitudinal and circumferential strain of left ventricle were severely damaged in elderly patients with AMI.The speckle-tracking imaging technique can be used to quantitatively evaluate the left ventricular strain and its improved situation after PCI in elderly AMI patients.

2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 19-25, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869585

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim of the study is to compare the diagnostic value of multiparametric transrectal ultrasound(TRUS) and multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in prostate cancer.Methods The clinical data of 102 patients who received multiparametric TRUS (including conventional transrectal ultrasound,shear wave sonoelastography and contrast enhanced ultrasound),multiparametric MRI (including T2 weighted diffusion weighted,and dynamic contrast enhanced MRI) and laboratory tests from April 2016 to May 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.The average age was 66.1 years old,ranging 38.0-85.0 years old.The average PSA was 30.1 ng/ml,ranging 0.4-227.0 ng/ml.The average PSAD was 0.67 ng/ml2,ranging 0.02-4.27 ng/ml2.The pathology results from TRUS guided biopsy or surgical operation were chosen as gold standard.Diagnostic performance including sensitivity,specificity,positive predictive value (PPV),negative predictive value (NPV),accuracy and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) of multiparametric TRUS and multiparametric MRI in prostate cancer were analyzed.Results There were 62 prostate cancer and 40 BPH patients in our study.Parallel multiparametric TRUS diagnosed 63 prostate cancer and 39 BPH,and multiparametric MRI diagnosed 75 prostate cancer and 27 BPH.The sensitivity,specificity and accuracy of parallel multiparametric TRUS were 98.4%,70.0% and 87.3%,respectively.And those of multiparametric MRI were 95.2%,60.0% and 81.4%,respectively.The AUROC of parallel multiparametric TRUS and multiparametric MRI were 0.842 and 0.776,with no significant differences (P =0.208).Conclusion The diagnostic value of multiparametrie TRUS was not inferior to multiparametrie MRI in prostate cancer.

3.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 19-25, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798857

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The aim of the study is to compare the diagnostic value of multiparametric transrectal ultrasound(TRUS) and multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in prostate cancer.@*Methods@#The clinical data of 102 patients who received multiparametric TRUS (including conventional transrectal ultrasound, shear wave sonoelastography and contrast enhanced ultrasound), multiparametric MRI(including T2 weighted diffusion weighted, and dynamic contrast enhanced MRI) and laboratory tests from April 2016 to May 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The average age was 66.1 years old, ranging 38.0-85.0 years old. The average PSA was 30.1 ng/ml, ranging 0.4-227.0 ng/ml. The average PSAD was 0.67 ng/ml2, ranging 0.02-4.27 ng/ml2. The pathology results from TRUS guided biopsy or surgical operation were chosen as gold standard. Diagnostic performance including sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value(PPV), negative predictive value(NPV), accuracy and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve(AUROC)of multiparametric TRUS and multiparametric MRI in prostate cancer were analyzed.@*Results@#There were 62 prostate cancer and 40 BPH patients in our study. Parallel multiparametric TRUS diagnosed 63 prostate cancer and 39 BPH, and multiparametric MRI diagnosed 75 prostate cancer and 27 BPH. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of parallel multiparametric TRUS were 98.4%, 70.0% and 87.3%, respectively. And those of multiparametric MRI were 95.2%, 60.0% and 81.4%, respectively. The AUROC of parallel multiparametric TRUS and multiparametric MRI were 0.842 and 0.776, with no significant differences(P=0.208).@*Conclusion@#The diagnostic value of multiparametric TRUS was not inferior to multiparametric MRI in prostate cancer.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826360

ABSTRACT

To investigate the value of injecting a small amount of absolute ethanol into the benign solid nodules of the thyroid before radiofrequency ablation(RFA)to improve the efficiency of radiofrequency ablation. A total of 98 eligible patients(98 nodules)with pathologically confirmed benign solid nodules who were treated in our center from December 2016 to February 2018 were included and randomized into ethanol ablation(EA)combined with radiofrequency ablation(RFA)group(EA+RFA group)and RFA group,with 49 patients in each group.Routine ultrasound,contrast-enhanced ultrasound(CEUS),and thyroid function test were performed before treatment and 1,3,6,and 12 months after treatment.The general information,treatment time,ablation energy,ablation power,postoperative nodule volume reduction ratio(VRR),symptom score(SS)and cosmetic score(CS),thyroid function level,and incidence of complications were compared between these two groups. The mean treatment time [(441.30±243.31)s (790.70±349.82)s;= 4.403, =0.000],mean ablation energy [(3.92±2.01)kJ (5.15±2.12)kJ;=2.709, =0.009],and mean ablation power [(6.07±1.44)W (7.30±1.29)W;=3.612, =0.006] were significantly lower in the EA+RFA group than in the RFA group.At 3,6 and 12 months after surgery,the VRR in the EA+RFA group was(57.73±11.07)%(=-3.16, <0.001),(64.40±10.56)%(=-5.45, <0.001),and(77.29±8.48)%(=-10.46, <0.001),respectively;the VRR in the RFA group was(55.44±13.01)%(=-1.76, <0.001),(65.28±11.33)%(=-5.09, <0.001),and(75.17±9.84)%(=-8.93, <0.001),which were significantly smaller than those before surgery.There was no significant difference in VRR between the EA+RFA group and the RFA group at 1(=3.41, =0.33),3(=2.05, =0.21),6(=2.77, =0.49),and 12 months(=5.05, =0.10)after treatment.During the follow-up,no recurrence of nodules was observed on CEUS.In the EA+RFA group,the SS [(1.77±0.86).(5.54±2.15);=9.63, <0.001] and the CS[(1.39±0.77).(3.32±0.61);=10.09, =0.004]at 12 months after surgery were significantly lower than those before surgery.In the RFA group,SS [(1.63±1.04).(5.90±1.79);=12.72, <0.001] and CS [(1.64±0.83).(3.15±0.72);=8.13, =0.012] at 12 months after surgery were also significantly lower than those before surgery.The CSS in the EA+RFA group was significantly lower than that in the RFA group [(0.93±0.55).(2.44±0.53);=-11.70, =0.007].Both groups had no significant change in thyroid function during the follow-up period,and no serious complications were observed. Anhydrous alcohol injection can effectively improve the efficiency of radiofrequency ablation in treating benign solid thyroid nodules and is effective in reducing nodule volume,alleviating compressive symptoms,and decreasing cosmetic discomfort.


Subject(s)
Catheter Ablation , Ethanol , Humans , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Prospective Studies , Thyroid Nodule , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712085

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the curative effect and influencing factors of percutaneous radiofrequency ablation(PRFA)for benign thyroid nodules in order to improve the effect of thyroid benign nodule ablation treatment.Methods The study included 482 benign thyroid nodules.The largest diameter of benign thyroid nodules ranges from 0.7 to 9.2 cm.Two hundred and fifty-eight nodules were solid nodules,224 nodules were cystic-solid nodules,and 96 thyroid nodules combined with the background of Hashimoto's thyroiditis.The patients of this study included 356 females and 126 males,the ages of the study population ranged from 14 to 82 years old.In order to observe the local pain,swelling,skin infection,hoarseness and other complications of the thyroid nodules with PRFA,we conducted conventional ultrasound and contrast-enhanced ultrasound immediately and followed up in 1,3,6,12,18 and 24 months after the treatment.Besides,the nodule volume reduction ratio was calculated,and the effects of gender,age,nodule size,cystic proportion,and the background of Hashimoto's thyroiditis on the treatment were analyzed.Results The volume of benign thyroid nodules after the PRFA treatment was significantly reduced after 1,3,6,12,18,24 months,and their nodule volume reduction ratio(VRR)was(51.2±5.7)%(1 months),(69.7±4.3)%(3 months),(84.6±3.7)%(6 months),(89.3±2.9)%(12 months),(93.7±1.6)%(18 months)and(94.9±1.4)%(24 months),respectively.The thyroid nodules were divided into 3 groups according to the cystic portion,significant differences were found in the volume reduction rate at 1,3,6,12,18 and 24 months after PRFA(F=66.858,69.101,19.410,49.559,146.653 and 309.950 respectively,all P<0.001),the more cystic portion was,the faster the lesion shrinked.The nodules with the cystic portion < 20%were grouped according to the maximum diameter(≤3 cm/>3 cm),and the background of Hashimoto's disease; and significant differences were found in the volume reduction rate at 1,3,6,12,18 and 24 months after PRFA(the t values for different size groups were 9.710,8.925,9.899,12.734,17.226 and 42.580,respectively,the t values for whether there is a background of Hashimoto's disease were 66.858,69.101,19.410,49.559,146.653,309.950,respectively,all P < 0.001).The VRR of nodules of which the maximum diameter ≤ 3 cm,or without Hashimoto's thyroiditis was larger after radiofrequency ablation.The nodules of which the maximum diameter≤3 cm and with the cystic portion <20%were grouped according to different genders(male or female)and different ages(≤40 or>40 years old),and the mean VRR of the nodules between different gender and age groups are not significantly different(P>0.05).Conclusions Ultrasound guided PRFA is a safe and effective minimally invasive therapy for benign thyroid nodules.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712053

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate clinical application of measuring the sizes in different directions and stalk width of gallbladder polyp lesions (GPL) ≥1.0 cm for differentiation diagnosis between cholesterol polyp and adenoma by both gray scale ultrasound (US) and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS). Methods From January to September 2016, a total of 81 patients with GPL ≥ 1.0 cm received cholecystectomy in our hospital were enrolled in this study. All participations underwent US and CEUS scanning before cholecystecomy. Patient′s clinical data, sizes in different directions, stalk width and features of US images were recorded. According to pathological findings, patients were divided into cholesterol polyp group and adenoma group. All of the clinical data, sizes, stalk width and features of US images were statistically analyzed. Patient′s age, size in vertical and parallel sizes, stalk width of GPL, ratio of vertical size to stalk width, ratio of parallel size to stalk width and ratio of vertical size to parallel size were compared with t-test. Genda, number and location of GPL, echoic level and blood flow signal were compared with the χ2test.Bivariate was used for relation analysis.Results There were difference in patient′s age,vasularity of GPL, size in vertical direction, size in parallel direction, stalk width, ratio of vertical size to stalk width, ratio of parallel size to stalk width[9(15.8%)vs 9(37.5%),(37.02±10.14)years old vs(52.25±13.85)years old, (0.94±0.33)cm vs(1.27±0.79)cm,1.10±0.37 vs 1.71±0.50,(0.26±0.10)cm vs(0.58±0.51)cm,3.82±1.87 vs 2.92±1.61],the differences were statistically significant(χ2=2.675,t=5.303,2.675,5.855,4.566,-2.536, all P<0.05), but no difference in ration of vertical size to parallel size between two groups (all P>0.05). Bivariate realtion analysis proved that size in vertical direction, size in parallel direction, stalk width and ratio of vertical size to stalk width were related with the nature of GPL≥1.0 cm (r=0.375, 0.571, 0.586, -0.342, all P<0.05). Conclusion Sizes in different directions and stalk width were important factors for predicting the nature of GPL ≥1.0 cm.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712052

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) characteristics of thickened wall type of gallbladder carcinoma and to evaluate their diagnostic value. Methods The CEUS images, clinical information and pathological results of 26 patients with thickened wall type of gallbladder carcinoma and 37 patients having benign gallbladder disease with thickened wall were retrospectively analyzed. CEUS characteristics of thickened wall type of gallbladder carcinoma were investigated and their diagnostic value was evaluated. The age, length of gallbladder, width and thickness of gallbladder wall were analyzed by t test. The CEUS characteristics of gallbladder wall (intensity of gallbladder wall, mucosal morphology and submucosal hypo-enhancement area)were analyzed by χ2 test.The diagnostic test used ROC (receiver operating characteristic) curve to calculate sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy. Results The gallbladder wall thickness and patient age in malignant group were all larger than those in benign group[(1.63±0.68)cm vs(0.96±0.55)cm,(63.7±10.1)years old vs (53.2±11.8) years old], with statistically significant difference (t=3.70, 4.32, all P<0.001). In the malignant group, CEUS showed irregular mucosal, hyper-enhancement and sub-mucosal hypo-enhancement area, with statistically significant difference(χ2=48.7,42.9,23.8,OR=9.25,6.17,2.47,all P < 0.001).The sensitivity of irregular mucosa, hyper-enhancement and sub-mucosal hypo-enhancement area were all 100.0%, and their accuracy were 93.7%, 90.5% and 76.2% respectively. If lesions with both irregular mucosa and hyper-enhancement were diagnosed as thickened wall type of gallbladder carcinoma, the diagnostic accuracy could be further improved to 98.4%. Conclusion CEUS can facilitate the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant gallbladder diseases with thickened wall in a high diagnostic value.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712044

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the correlation between ultrasonographic features of thyroid nodule and BRAFV600Emutation. Methods A total of 179 patients with 194 suspicious throid nodules were included in this study. They underwent ultrasound, biopsy, pathology and BRAFV600Emutation examination between October 2015 and February 2016 at Chinese PLA General Hospital. The size of nodules were (1.1±0.8) cm. The size, echo, boundary, shape aspect ratio, calcification and capsular invasion of nodules were investigated. The correlation between ultrasonographic features of thyroid nodule and BRAFV600Emutation analyzed by chis-square test and Logistic Regression analysis using statistical data as independent variable, BRAFV600Emutation as dependent variable. Results There were significant different in nodule′s ratio, boundary, capsular invasion characteristic between the BRAFV600Epositive group and the BRAFV600Enegative group(χ2=11.174,45.517,11.046,all P < 0.05),and these signs are possibly associated with BRAFV600Emutation by logistic regression model analysis(OR=2.276,95%CI:1.117-4.638, P < 0.05; OR=8.412, 95%CI: 3.836-18.448,P < 0.001; OR=2.582, 95%CI: 1.138-5.860,P < 0.05). Conclusions The ratio, boundary, capsular invasion characteristic of thyroid nodules are possibly associated with BRAFV600Emutation. These signs can be used to predict BRAFV600Emutation and facilitate subsequent treatment for such nodules.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669265

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the differential diagnostic value for thyroid rich blood supply lesions by contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS).Methods From February 2016 to January 2015,patients who suffered with thyroid nodules underwent conventional ultrasound and CEUS before biopsy.Sixty-two lesions with high-enhancement features were included in the final data.The enhancement patterns within and around lesions of CEUS were analyzed,and the high-enhancement ranges were compared with lesions sizes displayed on conventional ultrasound imaging.When pathology was regarded as the golden standard,39 nodules of 62 were benign,and 23 were malignant.The difference of CEUS characteristics between benign and malignant lesion was compared using x2 test.Results The homogeneity or not had significant difference between benign and malignant lesions with high-enhancement features (x2=9.78,P=0.002).The features of high-enhancement with cystic area and uneven distribution of high-enhancement area had significant difference between benign and malignant lesions (x2=10.77,P=0.001),and the former were frequently seen in benign lesions.Peripheral regular and irregular rings had significant difference between the benign and malignant lesions (x2=24.33,P < 0.001).All lesions showed large high-enhancement area were malignant (x2=6.52,P=0.01).The diagnostic sensitivity,specificity and accuracy of CEUS were 95.83%,78.95% and 85.48% for thyroid rich blood supply lesions,which were better than those of conventional ultrasound (87.5%,68.42%,75.81%).Conclusions There are different features in CEUS between the benign and malignant thyroid lesions with rich blood supply.Heterogeneous high-enhancement,peripheral irregular rings and extensive high-enhancement area were malignant features.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669262

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the correlation between enhancement vascular mode and gallbladder polyp nature and size with contrast-enhance ultrasound (CEUS).Methods From December 2014 to May 2016,patients with gallbladder polyp lesions (GPL) larger than 1.0 cm were enrolled in this study.Before cholecystectomy,every patient underwent ultrasound (US) and CEUS examination.All features of US and CEUS were analyzed by two doctors who were blind to the patient clinical data.According to the pathological findings,GPL were divided into cholesterol polyp group and gallbladder adenoma group.The US features and enhancement vascular mode were analyzed statistically by t test and x2 test.The independent risk factors were analyzed by Logistic regression.The relationship between enhancement vascular mod and size of GPL were determined by bivariate correlation analysis.Results There were 103 patients with GPL larger than 1.0 cm.Eighty-two cases were cholesterol polyp and 21 cases were gallbladder adenoma.There were differences in size and color Doppler blood flow between two groups (t=-5.97 and 7.94,P < 0.05).Dotted,branched vascular mod and irregular vascular mode were statistical different between two groups (x2=10.09 and 8.43,P < 0.05).Regression analysis data proved that the size and branch vascular mod were the independent risk factors related with adenoma (P < 0.05).In both cholesterol polyp group and adenoma group,there were weak positive correlation between enhancement vascular mode and size of GPL (r=0.188,0.397,P < 0.05).Conclusions Branch vascular mod and size of GPL were help to distinguish gallbladder adenoma from cholesterol polyp.Comprehensive analysis of GPL's size and vascular mode could offer important guidance for differentiation diagnosis.

11.
Gut and Liver ; : 156-163, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-85463

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study investigated the protection provided by gabexate mesylate thermo-sensitive in-situ gel (GMTI) against grade III pancreatic trauma in rats. METHODS: A grade III pancreatic trauma model with main pancreatic duct dividing was established, and the pancreas anatomical diagram, ascites, and serum biochemical indices, including amylase, lipase, C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin 6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), were examined. The pancreas was sliced and stained with hematoxylin eosin and subjected to terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) staining. RESULTS: Ascites, serum amylase, lipase, CRP, IL-6, and TNF-α levels were significantly increased in the pancreas trauma (PT) groups with prolonged trauma time and were significantly decreased after GMTI treatment. The morphological structure of the pancreas was loose, the acinus was significantly damaged, the nuclei were irregular and hyperchromatic, and there was inflammatory cell invasion in the PT group compared to the control. After GMTI treatment, the morphological structure of the pancreas was restored, and the damaged acinus and inflammatory cell invasion were decreased compared to the PT group. Moreover, the cell apoptosis index was significantly increased in the PT group and restored to the same levels as the control group after GMTI treatment. CONCLUSIONS: GMTI, a novel formulation and drug delivery method, exhibited specific effective protection against PT with acute pancreatitis therapy and has potential value as a minimally invasive adjuvant therapy for PT with acute pancreatitis.


Subject(s)
Amylases , Animals , Apoptosis , Ascites , C-Reactive Protein , DNA Nucleotidylexotransferase , Eosine Yellowish-(YS) , Gabexate , Hematoxylin , Interleukin-6 , Lipase , Methods , Necrosis , Pancreas , Pancreatic Ducts , Pancreatitis , Rats
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277880

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the ultrasound features of papillary thyroid carcinoma with or without cervical lymph node metastasis (LNM). Methods Patients suspected of thyroid cancer underwent the conventional ultrasound and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) examinations. Patients' age,sex,and ultrasound characteristics of lesions were recorded. With the surgical pathology as the golden standard,the ultrasound features were compared between the cervical LNM group and non-LNM group. Results Of 144 patients,51 had cervical LNM and 93 did not. Patients' ages,sex and number of lesions had no significant difference between two groups (all P>0.05). Tumor with LNM had maximum size greater than 0.85 cm,ill-defined margin (P=0.000),irregular shape (P=0.007),internal heterogeneous echogenicity (P=0.007),microcalcification (P=0.020),internal heterogeneous low-enhancement (P=0.002),peripheral non-enhancement ring (P=0.030),and extracapsular extension (P=0.000). Conclusion Conventional ultrasound and CEUS are helpful for predicting the cervical LNM of PTC. CEUS can obtain more accurate diagnostic results for the extracapsular extension,which contributes to the prediction of cervical LNM.

13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging ; (12): 536-540,542, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615179

ABSTRACT

Purpose To explore the effect of ultrasonic section,patient position and other factors on Young's modulus and shear wave velocity measurement of the muscle,and to study the consistency between Young's modulus and shear wave velocity on reflection of muscle hardness.Materials and Methods Shear wave elastography was used to detect 10 healthy young men and 10 women.Longitudinal and transverse detection of the Young's modulus and shear wave velocity of gastrocnemius and soleus were performed in natural ankle joint position,maximum plantar flexion and maximum dorsiflexion position.Results ① Comparison of the elasticity measurement between gastrocnemius and soleus.There were significant differences in the Young's modulus in the maximum plantar flexion and Young's modulus and shear wave velocity in maximum dorsiflexion position in longitudinal detection (P<0.05) that gastrocnemius measurements were higher than soleus measurements.There were significant differences in Young's modulus and the shear wave velocity (P<0.05) in natural position and maximum dorsiflexion position that soleus measurements were higher than gastrocnemius measurements.② In the positions of the ankle joints,the differences between longitudinal detection values and transverse detection values of gastrocnemius or soleus were statistically significant (P<0.01) and longitudinal detection values were higher than transverse detection values.③ Comparison of the elasticity measurement of gastrocnemius and soleus muscle among different positions of the ankle joints.The measurement in natural position and in the maximum plantar flexion were evidently higher than that in the maximum dorsiflexion position (P<0.01) in longitudinal detection.The maximum dorsiflexion position showed higher elasticity measurement.Only elasticity measurement in natural position and the maximum plantar flexion of the soleus was statistically different from that in the maximum dorsiflexion position (P<0.01) that it was higher in the maximum dorsiflexion position.Conclusion The ultrasound elasticity measurements of gastrocnemius and soleus are related with the ultrasonic longitudinal or transverse section and the relative ankle positions.Moreover,there are some differences in elasticity measurements between these two muscles.should be given to all of these in quantitative evaluation of muscle hardness using shear wave ultrasound elastography.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487174

ABSTRACT

Objective To report our first clinical experience with a novel modified culotte technique for the treatment of true coronary bifurcation lesions. Methods The novel modified culotte technique (the mono-ring culotte) stenting was done in which the side branch (SB) stent was deployed firstly followed by ex vivo wiring of a most proximal cell of SB stent with the hard end of main branch (MB) wire. Secondly, the MB stent was deployed through the most proximal cell of SB stent. The procedure was ended with kissing balloon dilation. From June 2014 to March 2015, 15 patients with true coronary bifurcation lesion were treated with mono-ring culotte stenting in our center. Results The procedures were successful in all cases without procedural complication and in-hospital major adverse cardiovascular events. The procedural time was (34. 3 ± 9. 6) min, fluoroscopic time was (18. 1 ± 3. 8) min, and contrast volume was (112. 0 ± 24. 5) ml, respectively. Post-procedurally, the residual stenosis of the main and the side branch were (10. 0 ± 2. 5)% and (10. 2 ± 5. 3)% , respectively. Conclusions The mono-ring culotte stenting is safe and feasible for treatment of true coronary bifurcation lesions, and may be superior to the conventional culotte stenting.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637089

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the value of strain ratio from longitudinal section and cross section in differential diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid nodules using ultrasonic elastography.MethodsA total of 118 patients with 153 thyroid nodules underwent examinations with real-time ultrasonic elastography to obtain the strain ratio from longitudinal section and cross section. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to evaluate the value of elastography. The nodules are divided into two groups, group one included nodules which were near the isthmus and group two included other nodules. Diagnostic results were compared with pathological results.ResultsThe area under the ROC curve (AUC) of the strain ratios for differentiating benign and malignant thyroid nodules were 0.906 and 0.844. There was no statistical difference (Z=1.542,P>0.05). The best diagnostic cut-off points of the strain ratios were 3.65 and 3.58. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value, negative predictive value of the strain ratio from longitudinal section for differentiating benign and malignant thyroid nodules were 81.2%, 80.8%, 81.0%, 87.2% and 71.2% and those of strain ratio from cross section were 77.2%, 76.9%, 77.1%, 84.4% and 63.4%. In group one, the AUC were 0.903 and 0.830. There was no statistical difference (Z=1.125,P>0.05). The best diagnostic cut-off points were 3.30 and 3.28. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value, negative predictive value of the strain ratio from longitudinal section for differentiating benign and malignant thyroid nodules were 86.2%, 68.8%, 80.0%, 83.3% and 73.3% and those of strain ratio from cross section were 78.6%, 58.8%, 71.1%, 75.9% and 62.5%. In group two, the AUC were 0.906 and 0.852. There was no statistical difference (Z=0.936,P>0.05). The best diagnostic cut-off points were 3.33 and 3.71. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value, negative predictive value of the strain ratio from longitudinal section for differentiating benign and malignant thyroid nodules were 90.1%, 75.7%, 85.2%, 87.7% and 80.0% and those of strain ratio from cross section were 84.7%, 70.3%, 80.6%, 83.6% and 72.2%. ConclusionReal-time ultrasonic elastography is helpful to the differential diagnosis of thyroid nodules, but there is no statistical difference between the strain ratio from longitudinal section and cross section.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-474546

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the methods and internal quality control ( IQC ) leucorrhea routine examinationin clinical laboratories of medical institutions in Guizhou Province.Methods In 2009, 97 clinical laboratories were randomly selected for the first investigation.At the same time, staffs in theinvestigated laboratories were educated on the importance of IQC.The second investigation of the same items was carried out in 2011 inthe same laboratories.The results of the two investigations were analyzed byChi-square test.Results 2009 and 2011 numbers of laboratories thoseonly used normal saline suspension method for leucorrhea examination were 17and 16 (χ2 =0.037, P >0.05 ) respectively, used bothnormal saline and 10%KOH suspension methodswere 16and 2(χ2 =12.003,P<0.01), used staining method were 64and 79(χ2 =5.488,P<0.05), both used suspension and staining methods were 60and 73(χ2 =4.041, P<0.05), used normal salinesuspension method combined with Wright stain and Gram staining methods were3and 28(χ2 =23.996,P<0.01) respectively.Numbers of Laboratoriespracticing IQC were 2and 88in 2009 and 2011 respectivly(χ2 =153.293,P <0.01).Conclusions Currently, the most common used method for leucorrhea routine examination is suspension.Through the investigations and education, the quality ofleucorrhea routine examination was improved in Guizhou Province.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815205

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To conduct signature analysis for splenic trauma in canines during hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation by contrast enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS).@*METHODS@#Forty grade III-IV traumatic splenic lesions were established in 15 mongrel dogs. Hemorrhagic shock was induced in these animals by using the modified Wiggers's method. Animals in shock were then resuscitated with 6% hydroxyethyl starch. The features of splenic trauma during hemorrhagic shock or resuscitation were assessed by CEUS, which were compared with the data collected by contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT). Acoustic quantification of CEUS was performed to assess splenic blood perfusion in different stages.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in detection rate between CEUS and CECT during hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation. Before hemorrhagic shock, there were 40 traumatic bleeding lesions and 85% of them were revealed by CEUS (34/40). With the progress in shock, CEUS revealed that the numbers of tiny branches of splenic arteries were decreased, which became thinner with no active bleeding. After fluid resuscitation, rebleeding was occurred in 30 traumatic lesions, and 28 (93.3%) of them were captured by CEUS. CEUS could also visualize the changes in splenic perfusion in different stages. During the shock, the arrival time (AT), time to peak intensity (TTP), peak intensity (PI) were significantly lower and the washout time (WT) were significantly higher than those at other stages (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#CEUS not only can dynamically monitor the changes in spleen traumatic hemorrhage and recurrent hemorrhage, but also can quantitatively study the changes in spleen blood perfusion in different stages.


Subject(s)
Animals , Contrast Media , Disease Models, Animal , Dogs , Fluid Therapy , Hemorrhage , Hydroxyethyl Starch Derivatives , Therapeutic Uses , Resuscitation , Shock, Hemorrhagic , Pathology , Therapeutics , Spleen , Diagnostic Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Ultrasonography
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636336

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinical value of acoustic radiation force impulse imaging (ARFI) in patients with ischemic type biliary lesion (ITBL) after orthotopic liver transplantation. Methods Between July 2012 to January 2013, forty-one patients in General Hospital of the People′s Liberation Army were enrolled in this study who were admitted for post-transplantation follow-up. Among them, 15 patients were diagnosed as ITBL by ultrasonography. Besides conventional ultrasonography, ARFI was used to detect the shear wave velocity (SWV) of liver tissue at depth of 4 cm and 5 cm respectively. Simultaneously liver function test was performed. Independent-samples t test was performed to compare the difference of SWV between ITBL and non-ITBL group at the same depth. Paired-sample t test was performed to compare the difference of SWV for the same ITBL patient. Pearson correlation analysis was used in analyzing the relation between SWV and liver function. Results The average SWV in depth of 4 cm was (1.561±0.425) m/s and (1.121±0.160) m/s in ITBL and non-ITBL group, respectively. Signiifcant differences were found among the ITBL and non-ITBL groups (t=-3.173, P=0.01). The average SWV in depth of 5 cm was (1.608±0.545) m/s and (1.175±0.173) m/s in ITBL and non-ITBL group, respectively. Signiifcant differences were found among the ITBL and non-ITBL groups (t=-2.454, P=0.034). There was no signiifcant difference between SWV measurements at different depth for the same ITBL patient. For all patients, SWV at different depths were both strongly correlated with alkaline phosphatase (r=0.656, 0.667, respectively;both P=0.000) andγ-glutamyl transpeptidase (r=0.482, P=0.007;r=0.508, P=0.004). Conclusion The liver stiffness measurement is valuable for the clinical evaluation of post-transplantation ITBL.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636324

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical value of acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) imaging in the evaluation of liver functional reserve in patients with hepatic focal lesions. Methods Eighty-six patients with hepatic focal lesions in General Hospital of the People′s Liberation Army from September 2011 to August 2012 were studied. According to Child-Pugh score, 54 of them were classified as grade A, 18 patients were classiifed as grade B, and 14 patients were classiifed as grade C. Seventy patients underwent surgery and 16 patients underwent non-surgical treatment. Shear wave velocity (SWV) values were measured using ARFI technique, and indocyanine green (ICG) clearance tests were also performed to achieve ICG clearance rate constant (ICGK) and ICG retention rate at 15 minutes (ICG15). Correlation between SWV and ICGK, SWV and ICG15 were studied using Pearson correlation, and correlation between SWV and Child-Pugh score were analyzed using Spearman rank correlation. Difference between SWV values of patients underwent surgery and those of patients underwent non-surgical treatment was compared using t-test for independent samples. Analyses of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve were performed to investigate the value of ARFI in the evaluation of surgical feasibility for patients with hepatic focal lesion, with the clinical decisions serving as the golden standard. Results There was correlations between SWV and ICGR15, SWV and ICGK, and SWV and Child-Pugh scores (r=0.764,P <0.001;r=-0.686,P=0.000;r=0.864,P=0.000). The SWV of patients who underwent surgery was (2.46±0.45) m/s, and the SWV of patients who underwent non-surgical treatment was (1.54±0.36) m/s, with a signiifcant difference (t=-0.80, P=0.000). The ROC curve analysis demonstrated a highest Youden′s index of 0.775 when the cut-off was 2.06m/s. The corresponding sensitivity was 87.5% and the specificity was 90.0% for ARFI in the diagnosis liver functional reserve deficiency. Conclusion ARFI can effectively evaluate the liver functional reserve in patients with hepatic focal lesions and thus could be beneifcial in the decision of clinical treatment.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452219

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare thermosensitive in situ hydrogels (ISG) of gabexate mesilate and establish quality control method.Methods ISGs were prepared using PF127 and PF68 as matrix, evaluated by gelling temperature , gelling time, gelling ca-pacity in vitro, and determinated by HPLC.Results The gelling time of ISG was (1.8 ±0.2)min, with gelling temperature at 31℃. When the gel temperature rose to 31℃, the viscosity of ISG increased dramatically .The linear range of HPLC determination curve was 10-350 μg/ml, with an average recovery of 99.63%( RSD=0.88%) .Conclusion Preparation of the gel with controllable quality is simple and easy .The determination method is reliable for gabexate mesilate thermosensitive in situ hydrogels .

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