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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 351-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876697

ABSTRACT

Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is an immunoglobulin (Ig) isolated from the plasma of healthy human, and its main component is IgG. The mechanism of IVIG is complex, which may play a role via multiple pathways. For example, the combination of Fc fragment of IgG with various Fc gamma receptor (FcγR) regulates inflammatory response and autoantibody metabolism, and Fab fragment of IgG neutralizes multiple antigens and other molecules. IVIG may also inhibit complement activation and affect the balance of anti-inflammation and proinflammation among immune cells. In the treatment of diseases, IVIG constantly plays a role through multiple mechanisms simultaneously, primarily via one certain mechanism in different diseases. IVIG is commonly applied in the desensitization treatment of sensitized patients, ABO incompatible renal transplantation, antibody-mediated rejection and several infectious diseases. In this article, the mechanism of IVIG and its application in renal transplantation were reviewed.

2.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 244-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873738

ABSTRACT

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a common monogenic hereditary kidney disease, which can progress into end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Patients with ADPKD constantly suffer from recurrent intracapsular infection. The drug resistance caused by antibiotic treatment is becoming increasingly prominent. The pattern of renal transplantation should be selected according to the infection of polycystic kidney disease. In this article, the origin of renal cyst, classification and source of cystic fluid, type and drug resistance of bacteria in the cystic fluid, and intracapsular infection of patients with renal transplantation- associated ADPKD were reviewed, aiming to provide reference for the diagnosis and treatment of intracapsular infection of patients with ADPKD.

3.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 484-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881535

ABSTRACT

JC virus (JCV) is a member of polyomaviridae family that infects approximately 70% of the population worldwide. JCV constantly stays in a latent state after the primary infection. In immunosuppressed individuals, especially under the circumstances of low cellular immune function, JCV may be reactivated and lead to severe clinical manifestations. In recent years, the correlation between JCV and complications after renal transplantation has captivated widespread attention. JCV-associated nephropathy (JCVAN) has been reported. Here, latest research progresses on the epidemiology, molecular biology, in vivo infection process, JCV and complications after renal transplantation, and the relationship between JCV and BKV were reviewed, aiming to provide reference for the adjustment of immunosuppressive regimen following renal transplantation.

4.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 77-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862779

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics and the experience of multi-disciplinary team (MDT) on recurrence of primary hyperoxaluria (PH) type I after renal transplantation. Methods One case presenting with unexplained rapid decline of renal allograft function after allogeneic renal transplantation was discussed by MDT. The role of MDT in diagnosing rare hereditary diseases and improving the long-term survival of renal transplant recipients was summarized. Results After MDT consultation, the patient was diagnosed with recurrence of PH type I. Routine immunosuppressive regimen was initiated after the exclusion of rejection. The patient was instructed to drink a large quantity of water, and given with high-quality protein and low-phosphorus diet, vitamin B6, calcium and other conservative therapies to actively prevent and treat postoperative complications. The deterioration of renal graft function was delayed. Nevertheless, regular hemodialysis was resumed at 5 months after renal transplantation until the submission date of this manuscript. Conclusions Recurrence of PH type I after renal transplantation is relatively rare. The main clinical manifestations are recurrent kidney stones and decreased renal function with multiple complications and poor prognosis. The condition of the patient is consulted by MDT for confirming the diagnosis, determining the optimal treatment scheme, delaying the progression and improving the clinical prognosis.

5.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 449-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822922

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the incidence and risk factors of de novo malignant tumors in renal transplant recipients. Methods Clinical data of 1 549 renal transplant recipients were retrospectively analyzed, including the basic status, pathological type and incidence rate of patients with de novo malignant tumors after renal transplantation. The survival situation of these patiensts was assessed. And the risk factors of de novo malignant tumors after renal transplantation were identified. Results The incidence rate of de novo malignant tumors in renal transplant recipients was 3.03%(47/1 549). The 47 recipients were (48±12) years old when undergoing renal transplantation, and they were (55±12) years old when diagnosed malignant tumors. The time interval between transplantation and diagnosis was 66 (36, 100) months. Among the de novo malignant tumors, colorectal cancer was the most common, with a cumulative incidence rate (CIR) of 0.58%. The survival time of 47 recipients with de novo malignant tumors after renal transplantation was 59 (2, 135) months, and the 5-year survival rate was 50%. The recipients with the age > 45 years old when undergoing renal transplantation was a risk factor for de novo malignant tumors after renal transplantation (P < 0.05). Conclusions The incidence rate of de novo malignant tumors is relatively high in renal transplant recipients. The recipients with the age > 45 years old when undergoing renal transplantation is a risk factor for de novo malignant tumors.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828948

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the optimal dose range of immunosuppressants in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) after renal transplantation.@*METHODS@#A cohort of 68 patients with ADPKD who received their first renal transplantation between March, 2000 and January, 2018 in our institute were retrospectively analyzed, with 68 non-ADPKD renal transplant recipients matched for gender, age and date of transplant as the control group. We analyzed the differences in patient and renal survival rates, postoperative complications and concentrations of immunosuppressive agents between the two groups at different time points within 1 year after kidney transplantation. The concentrations of the immunosuppressants were also compared between the ADPKD patients with urinary tract infections (UTI) and those without UTI after the transplantation.@*RESULTS@#The recipients with ADPKD and the control recipients showed no significantly difference in the overall 1-, 5-, and 10- year patient survival rates (96.6% 96.0%, 94.1% 93.9%, and 90.6% 93.9%, respectively; > 0.05), 1-, 5-, and 10-year graft survival rates (95.2% 96.0%, 90.8% 87.2%, and 79.0% 82.3%, respectively; > 0.05), or the incidences of other post- transplant complications including acute rejection, gastrointestinal symptoms, cardiovascular events, pneumonia, and neoplasms ( > 0.05). The plasma concentrations of both tacrolimus and mycophenolate mofetil (MPA) in ADPKD group were significantly lower than those in the control group at 9 months after operation ( < 0.05). The incidence of UTI was significantly higher in ADPKD patients than in the control group ( < 0.05). In patients with ADPKD, those with UTI after transplantation had a significantly higher MPA plasma concentration ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In patients with ADPKD after renal transplant, a higher dose of MPA is associated with a increased risk of UTI, and their plasma concentrations of immunosuppressants for long-term maintenance of immunosuppression regimen can be lower than those in other kidney transplantation recipients.


Subject(s)
Graft Survival , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents , Kidney Transplantation , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Dominant , Retrospective Studies
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871173

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of series casting with different timings after botulinum toxin injection among equinus children with spastic cerebral palsy.Methods:Sixty-three equinus children with spastic cerebral palsy were randomly divided into a control group and an experimental group. After being injected with botulinum toxin type A, 4 weeks of series casting was applied immediately in the control group, while in the experimental group it was applied 2 weeks later. Both groups were given basic rehabilitation therapy including heel walking, kicking balls, single-leg standing, standing platform training and balance training. The modified Tardieu scale, three-dimensional gait analysis, gross motor function measure 88 (GMFM-88) and a self-made questionnaire were used to evaluate muscle tone, spasticity, gait parameters, standing and walking before the treatment and 2 and 6 months afterward.Results:Immediately after the treatment there was a significant improvement in both groups′ average MTS scores (R1, R2, R1-R2 with knee extension and flexion), dorsiflexion at initial contact, peak dorsiflexion in the stance and swing phases, and dimension D (standing), and also in their average GMFM-88 (walking) scores. Two and six months later the experimental group′s average MTS scores, peak dorsiflexion in the stance phase, and dimension D (standing) score in the GMFM-88 (walking) had improved significantly compared with the control group′s averages. However, no significant differences were observed between the two groups in any of the other measurements after the treatment.Conclusion:Delaying series casting after botulinum toxin A injection can significantly reduce tone and spasticity in the plantarflexors, improve the range of motion and functioning of the ankle, and alleviate the discomfort and pain caused by series casting.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870603

ABSTRACT

Objective:Objective To explore the clinical values of next-generation sequencing (NGS) in bacterial 16S rRNA region and fungal ITS region for diagnosing and treating urinary tract infection (UTI) in renal transplant recipients.Methods:A total of 90 mid-stream clean-catch urine samples were collected from renal transplant recipients who were diagnosed with UTI at Hospital from January 2017 to December 2019. Each sample was equally divided and tested via NGS method and traditional urine culture separately. The results of pathogen test and detection rate were analyzed and compared.Results:And 21/90 sample were considered to be contaminated due to the identification of three or more kinds of microorganisms by culture. And among the remaining 69 samples, 36 (52.17%) cases tested positive by 16S rRNA sequencing, 25 (36.23%) positive by urine bacterial culture; meanwhile, 34(49.28%) tested positive by ITS sequencing and 4(5.80%) positive by urine fungal culture.Conclusions:The detection rate of both bacteria and fungi in NGS microorganism testing is higher than that in traditional urine culture ( P< 0.05). For renal transplant recipients with UTI, NGS microorganism testing is an effective supplement for traditional urine culture. Improving the detection rate and accuracy of etiology may enable an optimization of individualized treatment.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772111

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the characteristics of BK polymavirus (BKV) infection and the optimal time window for intervention in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs).@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data and treatment regimens in 226 KTRs in our center between January, 2013 and January, 2018. Among the recipients, 157 had a urine BKV load ≥1.0×10 copy/mL after transplantation, and 69 had a urine BKV load below 1.0×10 copy/mL (control group).@*RESULTS@#Among the 157 KTRs, 60 (38.2%) recipients were positive for urine BKV, 66 (42.0%) had BKV viruria, and 31(19.7%) had BKV viremia. The incidence of positive urine occult blood was significantly higher in BKV-positive recipients than in the control group ( < 0.05). The change of urine BKV load was linearly related to that of Tacrolimus trough blood level (=0.351, < 0.05). In urine BKV positive group, the average estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was below the baseline level (60 mL·min·1.73 m) upon diagnosis of BKV infection reactivation, and recovered the normal level after intervention. In patients with BKV viruria and viremia, the average eGFR failed to return to the baseline level in spite of improvement of the renal function after intervention.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Positive urine occult blood after transplantation may be associated with BKV infection reactivation in some of the KTRs. BKV infection is sensitive to changes of plasma concentration of immunosuppressive agents. Early intervention of BKV replication in KTRs with appropriate dose reduction for immunosuppression can help to control virus replication and stabilize the allograft function.


Subject(s)
BK Virus , Physiology , Humans , Kidney Transplantation , Polyomavirus Infections , Virology , Retrospective Studies , Transplant Recipients , Tumor Virus Infections , Virology , Viral Load , Virus Replication
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773170

ABSTRACT

Lipids have been documented to play comprehensive and significant role in many biological processes. As a branch of metabolomics,lipidomics research mainly involves the analysis of the variation of lipid metabolism profiles under different physiologic,pathologic conditions or drug intervention,the discovery of key lipid biomarkers of a disease in lipid metabolic networks,and the study of the mechanism of action of lipid metabolic regulation during disease onset and progression,and drug treatment. Traditional Chinese medicines( TCMs)are characterized with integrated effects by multi-components,multi-targets and integrated effects. It is urgent to develop methods suitable for the study of complex TCMs to reveal the active constituents and integrated mechanism of action. Systems biology such as lipidomics provides valuable strategy and approach to illustrate the complex mechanisms of TCMs. In this paper,in order to provide technical references for TCMs,we have reviewed the analytical techniques applied in lipidomics and the applications of lipidomics in TCMs researches.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Lipid Metabolism , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Metabolomics , Methods
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776867

ABSTRACT

In the market of botanical dietary supplements, Cimicifuga heracleifolia (CH) has always been considered as an adulterated species of Cimicifuga racemosa (CR), a conventional American herb with promising benefits to counteract troubles arising from the menopause. However, the detailed comparison of their therapeutic effects is lacking. In present study, the pharmacological and metabolomics studies were comparatively conducted between CH and CR in ovariectomized (OVX) female rats. Specifically, estrogen-like, anti-hyperlipidemia and anti-osteoporosis effects were evaluated through measuring serum biochemical parameters, histopathological examination and micro computed tomography (Micro-CT) scanning. At the same time, a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)-based serum metabolomics method was employed to profile the metabolite compositional changes. As a result, both CR and CH displayed anti-osteoporosis and anti-hyperlipemia on menopause syndrome. Meanwhile, their potentials in improving the OVX-induced metabolic disorders were discovered. In conclusion, these results demonstrated that CH is therapeutically similar to CR in relieving menopausal symptoms and CH could be considered as a promising alternative to CR instead of an adulterant in the market of botanical dietary supplements.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cimicifuga , Chemistry , Classification , Dietary Supplements , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Female , Humans , Menopause , Blood , Metabolomics , Osteoporosis , Blood , Drug Therapy , Ovariectomy , Phytotherapy , Plant Extracts , Blood , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801702

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical efficacy and safety of modified Huqianwan in treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) liver-kidney Yin deficiency syndrome, and investigate its possible mechanism. Method: A total of 184 patients with RA liver-kidney Yin deficiency syndrome were randomly divided into Chinese medicine group (62 cases), western medicine group (57 cases) and integrated Chinese and western medicine group (65 cases) according to the digital table method. The patients in Chinese medicine group were treated with Huqianwan; the patients in western medicine group were treated with methotrexate tablets and leflunomide tablets; and the patients in integrated Chinese and western medicine group received Huqianwan+methotrexate tablets and leflunomide tablets,with a treatment course of 12 weeks in all groups. The pain visual analog scale (VAS), swelling and tenderness scores of 28 joints (DAS28), average hands grip strength, morning stiffness time and liver-kidney Yin deficiency syndrome differentiation of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome score were compared between groups before and after treatment. The changes of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C reactive protein (CRP), immunoglobulin (Ig) G, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and rheumatoid factor (RF) were detected in all groups after treatment. Clinical efficacy, and incidence of adverse reactions such as gastrointestinal response, liver injury, leukopenia, serum glutamate oxaloacetic aminotransferase (GOT) and platelet (PLT) level changes were compared between the groups, so as to investigate the efficiency and safety of the different medicines. Result: After 12 weeks of treatment, the total clinical effective rate was 79.0%, 80.7%, and 92.3% respectively in Chinese medicine group, western medicine group, and integrated Chinese and western medicine group; the integrated Chinese and western medicine group was significantly better than the Chinese medicine group and western medicine group (PPPPConclusion: The efficacy in treating RA liver and kidney Yin deficiency syndrome shows no significant difference between modified Huqianwan and methotrexate tablets+leflunomide tablets. In the treatment of RA liver and kidney Yin deficiency syndrome, Huqianwan has fewer adverse reactions. Huqianwan combined with methotrexate tablets+leflunomide tablets is superior to that in methotrexate tablets+leflunomide tablets in treatment of RA liver-kidney Yin deficiency syndrome.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755944

ABSTRACT

Objective To provide theoretic rationales and clinical experience for post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD ) by comparing the characteristics of PTLD in kidney and hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients and reviewing the relevant literature reports .Methods Twenty-seven adult PTLD patients from 2000 to 2017 were retrospectively reviewed .There were 11 kidney transplant recipients (KT group) and 16 hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients (HSCT group) .Clinical characteristics and outcomes were analyzed between two groups .Cox's proportional hazard model was utilized for evaluating the prognostic factors .Results The incidence of PTLD for KT and HSCT groups were 0 .5 % and 1 .1 % respectively .PTLD patients of KT group had a later onset than that of HSCT group (105 .1 vs 3 .1 months , P<0 .01) .Also Epstein-Barr virus was less frequently detected in KT group (36 .4 % vs 81 .3 % , P< 0 .05) .The 5-year overall survival was (46 .8% ± 10 .5% ) .According to Cox analysis ,application of antithymocyte globulin (ATG) and high ECOG scores were risk factors for a poor prognosis of PTLD .Conclusions Most cases of KT-PTLD have a late onset . In contrast , HSCT-PTLD has an earlier onset and a higher incidence of EBV infectious .And application of ATG and high ECOG scores are poor prognosis factors of PTLD .

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735121

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the current status and existing problems in the implementation of stroke care continuity in China, and to collect relevant suggestions for solving these problems. Methods Focus group interviews were used, to survey thirty-six nursing managers and senior nurses in neurology departments or rehabilitation programs in 24 cities of 13 provinces. The interview team members presided over the meetings, with full-time staff taking notes and recordings, and the results of the interviews were summarized and organized in a timely manner after the interview. Results At present, most of the general hospitals surveyed are doing their best to continue supporting nursing care for patients discharged from hospitals in different forms following their rescue of the acute phase. However, they are faced with such challenges as insufficient nursing manpower, and discontinuity between different medical institutions, which result in oversimplified nursing care and fragmented care. Conclusions Stroke nursing practitioners are working on continuous nursing care, with quite some challenges as well. Nursing care continuity is an important step towards establishing and improving a scientific and rational grading nursing care system.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299285

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the factors associated with the occurrence of transplant renal artery stenosis (TRAS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective analysis was conducted in 26 recipients who developed TRAS and 40 concurrent renal recipients without TRAS. We also conducted a nested case-control study in 14 patients with TRAS (TRAS-SD group) and another 14 non-TRAS recipients who received the allograft from the same donor (non-TRAS-SD group).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with those in the concurrent recipients without TRAS, acute rejection (AR) occurred at a significantly higher incidence (P=0.004) and the warm ischemia time (WIT) was significantly longer (P=0.015) and the level of high?density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL--C) significantly lower (P=0.009) in the recipients with TRAS. Logistic regression analysis suggested that AR (P=0.007) and prolonged WIT (P=0.046) were risk factors of TRAS while HDL-C (P=0.022) was the protective factor against TRAS. In recent years early diagnosis of TRAS had been made in increasing cases, the interval from transplantation to TRAS diagnosis became shortened steadily, and the recipients tended to have higher estimated glomerular filtration rate at the time of TRAS diagnosis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Apart from the surgical technique, AR and prolonged WIT are also risk factors of TRAS while a high HDL-C level is the protective factor against TRAS. The improvement of the diagnostic accuracy by ultrasound is the primary factor contributing to the increased rate of early TRAS diagnosis in recent years.</p>

16.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 44-48, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731663

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize clinical characteristics, prevention and treatment of postoperative chronic hyponatremia after liver transplantation(LT). Methods Clinical data of 26 patients presenting with chronic hyponatremia after LTwereretrospectivelyanalyzed.BaselinedataandmaincomplicationsofpatientswithhyponatremiaafterLTwererecorded. Thecorrelationbetweenpostoperativelengthofhospitalstayandthedurationofhyponatremiawasanalyzed.Clinicaltreatment and prognosis were summarized. Results Among 26 patients, the median blood sodium concentration was 131 mmol/L (range 125 to 133 mmol/L). Al patients were diagnosed with mild or moderate degree of hyponatremia. Main complications included pulmonary infection (n=13, 50%), acute rejection of liver graft (n=7, 27%) and digestive tract hemorrhage (n=7, 27%). Postoperative length of hospital stay was correlated with the duration of hyponatremia. After ful evaluation of patient's conditionandexcludingthepotentialinducers,aportionof3%ofhypertonicsalinewasadministeredviagastro-intestinaltract and/or vein. After positive treatment, 23 cases (88%) were healed and 3 (12%) died from infection complicated with multiple organ failure. Conclusions After LT, the incidence of chronic hyponatremia is low with mild severity. Postoperative length of hospitalstayiscorrelatedwiththedurationofhyponatremia.Thekeyoftreatmentistotimelyexcludetheinducers,correctthe low level of sodium based upon the individual principles and prevent the incidence of postoperative complications.

17.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 40-43, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731662

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic methods of hyperpotassemia induced by excessively high blood concentration of tacrolimus (FK506) caused by drug use after renal transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 10 patients diagnosed with hyperpotassemia induced by excessively high blood concentration of FK506 after administration of antifunga l medication following renal transplantation were collected and retrospectively analyzed. Results At 1-2 months after renal transplantation, 10 patients suffered from pulmonary infectiono r pneumonia complicated with pulmonary fungal infection . An appropriate dose of compound sulfamethoxazole, micafungin, cefoperazone sodium-sulbactam sodium and moxifloxacin was administered for antifungal infection. After potassium-lowering therapy, termination of antifungal medication and FK506 dose adjustment (replaced by cyclosporin for certain cases), the serum level of potassium was declined and maintained within normal range for 10 cases. The serum concentration of FK506 was within normal range. No sign of excessively high level of potassium was observed without any potassium-lowering intervention. Conclusions Postoperative administration of drugs is likely to cause excessively high level of FK506 and hyperpotasesmia. Potassium-lowering therapy, termination of drug use and adjustment of immunosuppressive agents should be adopted to avoid the incidence of adverse pharmacologic interaction.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360178

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the accuracy of serological and molecular approaches to identification of RhD-negative patients waiting for kidney transplantation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 103 RhD-negative blood samples by serological test were collected from patients waiting for kidney transplantation between January, 2006 and January, 2016. Quantitative PCR and sequencing were used to verify the results of RHD genotyping, and the false negative rates of the serological and molecular methods for RhD genotyping were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 103 blood samples, true RhD negativity (with all the 10 exons missing) was found in 56 samples (54.5%), and false RhD negativity (RhD positivity with loss, repetition, or missense mutation in the 10 exons) in 47 samples (45.6%). In the 47 false RhD-negative cases, weak D was detected in 1 case (2.1%), partial D in 13 cases (27.7%), and D-elution in 33 cases (70.2%). The detection rates of RhD negativity differed significantly between the serological and molecular methods (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Serological test is associated with a high false negative rate in detecting RhD blood group, and the use of the molecular approach has important clinical significance in accurate RhD genotyping for patients waiting for renal transplantation.</p>

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360129

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the optimal time window for intervention of BK virus (BKV) replication and its effect on the outcomes of kidney transplant recipients (KTRs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective analysis of the clinical data and treatment regimens was conducted among KTRs whose urine BKV load was ≥1.0×10copies/mL following the operation between April, 2000 and April, 2015. KTRs with urine BKV load <1.0×10copies/mL matched for transplantation time served as the control group.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 54 recipients positive for urine BKV were included in the analysis. According to urine BKV load, the recipients were divided into 3 groups: group A with urine BKV load of 1.0×10-1.0×10copies/mL (n=22), group B with urine BKV load >1.0×10copies/mL (n=24), and group C with plasma BKV load ≥1.0×10copies/mL (n=8); 47 recipients were included in the control group. During the follow-up for 3.2-34.5 months, the urine and plasma BKV load was obviously lowered after intervention in all the 54 BKV-positive recipients (P<0.05). Eighteen (81.82%) of the recipients in group A and 19 (79.17%) in group B showed stable or improved estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) after the intervention; in group C, 4 recipients (50%) showed stable eGFR after the intervention. In the last follow-up, the recipients in groups A and B showed similar eGFR with the control group (P>0.05), but in group C, eGFR was significantly lower than that of the control group (P=0.001). The recipients in group A and the control group had the best allograft outcome with stable or improved eGFR.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Early intervention of BKV replication (urine BKV load ≥1.0×10copies/mL) in KTRs with appropriate immunosuppression reduction can be helpful for stabilizing the allograft function and improving the long-term outcomes.</p>

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239601

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the characteristics of urinary tract infection (UTI) between kidney transplant recipients and non-recipient patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-nine kidney transplant recipients with UTI (69 episodes) and 401 non-recipient patients with UTI (443 episodes) admitted in Nanfang Hospital from January 2003 to August 2014 were enrolled in the study. The characteristics of UTI were compared between two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In both groups of UTI, female patients comprised a greater proportion (63.3% and 58.6%) and Escherichia coli was the most common pathogen isolated (37.7% and 34.1%). However, the infection rate of Klebsiella pneumonia in recipients was higher than that in non-recipients (11.6% vs 3.2%, P= 0.001), while the infection rate of Candida albicans was lower (1.5% vs 11.3%, P=0.008) than that in non-recipients. Recipients were likely to develop antibiotic resistance and with a higher recurrence rate than non-recipient patients (38.8% vs 16.7%, P<0.001). Compared to non-recipient UTI patients, the symptoms of urinary irritation in recipient UTI patients were more common. There was higher percentage of neutrophil granulocyte (72.65% ± 1.90% vs 68.59% ± 0.73%, P=0.048), lower proportion of lymphocytes (17.73% ± 1.27% vs 21.28% ± 0.61%, P=0.037), and less platelets [(187.64 ± 10.84) × 10(9)/L vs (240.76 ± 5.26) × 10(9)/L, P<0.01] in recipients than in non-recipient UTI patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>These results indicate that the characteristics of UTI in kidney transplantation recipients and non-recipients patients are different.</p>


Subject(s)
Candida albicans , Escherichia coli , Female , Humans , Kidney Transplantation , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Male , Transplant Recipients , Urinary Tract Infections , Epidemiology , Pathology
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