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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 136-141, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913101

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To provid e reference and sugge stions for improving the volume-based procurement of drugs and medical consumables (hereinafter referred to as “consumables”)in China. METHODS The relevant policy documents of centralized volume-based procurement of drugs and consumables published from November 2018 to November 2021 were retrieved ; the implementation status and problems of centralized volume-based procurement of drugs and consumables in China were analyzed by using the policy analysis method and referring to relevant research literatures. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS National health department and healthcare security administration guaranted the rational use of selected products in medical institutions through incentive and supervision measures ;healthcare security administration should optimize the way of medical insurance payment , promote the medical institutions to control the fees by themselves ,and conduct the credit evaluation of bidding and procurement ; medical products administration should evaluate the consistency of drugs and supervise the quality of selected products. With the normalization of centralized volume-based procurement of drugs and consumables organized by the state and trans-regional alliance , the drug varieties and dosage forms included in centralized procurement were increasingly in line with the demand of Chinese pharmaceutical market. The price of most selected drugs decreased by more than 50%,and the decrease of consumables was significantly higher than that of drugs. The selected enterprises were mainly domestic generic drug enterprises ,and domestic consumables had gradually become the competitors and substitute of imported consumables. However ,there were still some problems such as repeated bidding and procurement in various alliances and provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities ), unclear construction of compensation mechanism in medical institutions ,inconsistent bidding and procurement rules and quality evaluation standards for consumables ,low localization rate of some consumables ,low innovation level and profitability of pharmaceutical enterprises and consumables manufacturers. Local centralized volume-based procurement should be encouraged ,and the bidding and procurement rules and quality evaluation standards of “one product ,one policy ”should be gradually established. Great importance should be paid to the construction of compensation mechanism of medical institutions ,standardize zhangqiuyu739632@126.com the dynamic adjustment of medical serv ice prices ;pharma- ceutical enterprises and consumables manufacturers should increase research and development investment to transform into innovative and diversified enterprises ,so as to improve the competitiveness of domestic drugs and consumables.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928715

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish an immune gene prognostic model of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and explore its correlation with immune cells in bone marrow microenvironment.@*METHODS@#Gene expression profile and clinical data of TCGA-AML were downloaded from TCGA database. Immune genes were screened by LASSO analysis to construct prognosis prediction model, and prediction accuracy of the model was quantified by receiver operating characteristic curve and area under the curve. Survival analysis was performed by Log-rank test. Enriched pathways in the different immune risk subtypes were evaluated from train cohort. The relationship between immune prediction model and bone marrow immune microenvironment was verified by flow cytometry in the real world.@*RESULTS@#Patients with low-risk score of immune gene model had better prognosis than those with high-risk score. Multivariate analysis showed that the immune gene risk model was an independent prognostic factor. The risk ratio for AML patients in the training concentration was HR=24.594 (95%CI: 6.180-97.878), and the AUC for 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year overall survival rate was 0.811, 0.815, and 0.837, respectively. In addition, enrichment analysis of differential gene sets indicated activation of immune-related pathways such as cytokines and chemokines as well as autoimmune disease-related pathways. At the same time, real world data showed that patients with high immune risk had lower numbers of CD8+T cells and B lymphocytes compared with low immune risk patients.@*CONCLUSION@#We constructed a stable prognostic model for AML, which can not only predict the prognosis of AML, but also reveal the dysregulation of immune microenvironment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Prognosis , ROC Curve , Risk Factors , Transcriptome , Tumor Microenvironment/genetics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928368

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine the origin of a mosaicism small supernumerary marker chromosome (sSMC) by cytogenetic and molecular analysis.@*METHODS@#Karyotype analysis, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and SNP-array were carried out.@*RESULTS@#The karyotype of the patient was mos47,XX,+mar[45]/48,XX,+2mar[3]/46,XX[52]; the SNP-array result was arr[hg19]15q11.1q11.2 (20 161 372-24 314 675)×3, and the repeat fragment was about 4.15 Mb. FISH showed that approximately 50% of the cells have contained a sSMC with double D15Z1 probe site segments derived from abnormal idic(15). This sSMC did not contain SNRPN and PML probe fragments of Prader-Willi syndrome/Angelman syndrome.@*CONCLUSION@#When the patient's karyotype and phenotype are inconsistent, cytogenetic and molecular biology technologies should be combined to clarify the karyotype and gene location, so as to provide more accurate genetic consultation for the follow-up treatments.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Disorders , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 15 , Comparative Genomic Hybridization , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotype , Mosaicism
4.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 145-154, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927590

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the harmful effects of acute hypoxia on mouse cerebral cortex and hippocampus and the underlying mechanism. Mouse model of acute hypoxia was constructed by using a sealed glass jar. Laser speckle contrast imaging was used to detect the changes of cerebral blood flow after different time duration of hypoxia. Total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) assay kits were used to detect oxidative stress in cerebral cortex and hippocampus. Immunofluorescent staining was used to detect neuroinflammatory response of microglia in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus. One-step TUNEL method was used to detect neuronal apoptosis. The results showed that, compared with non-hypoxia (0 min hypoxia) group, 30 min hypoxia group exhibited decreased cerebral blood flow, higher percentage of CD68+/Iba1+ microglia, and increased neural apoptosis in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus. Compared with 30 min group, 60 min hypoxia group showed significantly decreased cerebral blood flow, increased MDA content in the cortex, as well as greater percentage of CD68+/Iba1+ microglia and neuronal apoptosis in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus. These results suggest that acute hypoxia damages brain tissue in a time-dependent manner and the oxidative stress and neuroinflammation are important mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cerebral Cortex/metabolism , Hippocampus/metabolism , Hypoxia , Malondialdehyde , Mice , Oxidative Stress , Superoxide Dismutase/pharmacology
5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 428-432, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922929

ABSTRACT

Three sesquiterpenoids and nine iridoids were isolated from the roots and rhizomes of Valeriana jatamansi by various chromatographic methods. Their structures were identified by physicochemical properties, NMR and MS data. Among them, valeriananoid G (1) was a new patchoulol-type sesquiterpenoid, and compound 3 was isolated from the genus Valeriana for the first time. Compounds 3 and 10 exhibited significant inhibitory effects on nitric oxide production induced by lipopolysaccharide in RAW 264.7 macrophages, with IC50 values of 19.00 and 3.66 μmol·L-1, respectively. In addition, compounds 4, 6 and 12 showed anti-influenza virus activity with IC50 values of 51.75, 51.40 and 102.08 μmol·L-1, respectively.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909588

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE Our previous studies demonstrated that various ingredients from the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis, as exemplified by cryptotanshinone and salvi?anolic acid B, exerted striking effects on modulating angiogenesis and vascular permeability, which suggests that they may be effective in treating vascular leak-driven diseases (e.g. tumor, cerebral cavernous malformation and diabetic reti?nopathy). However, the lack of reliable and advanced technologies and models sets up difficult hurdles for better under?standing the role of TCM for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis. To this end, this study is to outline numerous cutting-edge platforms that can be utilized for exploring the function of TCM for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis in vascular leak-driven diseases. METHODS Two-photon laser scanning fluorescence micros?copy was used to observe the interactions between neutrophils and blood vessels in a real-time manner. Dynamic flow system was employed to mimic the in vivo behaviors of neutrophils. RIP1-Tag5 spontaneous pancreatic cancer model was used to study the function of tumor blood vessels. CCM2ECKO (deletion of CCM2 in endothelial cells) mice were employed to establish the cerebral cavernous malformation (CCM) animal model. Micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) was utilized to assess the CCM lesion. Müller cell-knockout mouse model was used to study the progression of dia?betic retinopathy. Vascular permeability in this model was assessed by fluorescein angiography. RESULTS The interac?tions between neutrophils and endothelial cells involve a series of complicated processes, including rolling, adhesion, intraluminal crawling and transmigration, which were all monitored in vivo by two-photon laser scanning fluorescence microscopy in a real-time manner. Dynamic flow system was capable of recapitulating the biological behaviors of neutro?phils in vitro. Tumor vascular function in particular vascular perfusion could be assessed in the RIP1-Tag5 spontaneous pancreatic cancer model. In terms of CCM studies, specific deletion of CCM2 in endothelial cells resulted in the initiation of CCM lesion. The size and number of CCM lesions could be visualized and quantified by micro-CT. Furthermore, the Müller cell-knockout mouse model was able to precisely reflect the clinical symptoms of diabetic retinopathy. Vascular leak could be monitored at different time points using fluorescein angiography. CONCLUSION An array of high technol?ogies and animal models can be used in investigating the occurrence and progression of multiple vascular leak-driven diseases. The pre-clinical and clinical studies of TCM for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis provide fundamental support for the application of the above-mentioned platforms, with the purpose of uncovering the scientific basis of TCM for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908485

ABSTRACT

Cirrhotic portal hypertension refers to a series of syndroms characterized by structural abnormality and dysfunction of hepatic sinusoid caused by chronic liver injury and obstructing portal-systemic blood flow, resulting in gradually increased portal venous system pressure as clinical manifestations. Increased intrahepatic resistance and portal venous system blood flow are main causes for cirrhotic portal hypertension. The structural abnormality and dysfunction of hepatic sinusoid cause not only increased intrahepatic resistance, but also substance exchange barriers between hepatic sinusoidal blood and hepatocytes, resulting in splanchnic artery dilation and increased blood flow and pressure of portal venous system. Dysfunction of splanchnic hemodynamic is an important factor for hyperdynamic circulation in cirrhotic portal hypertension. As the disease progresses, cirrhotic portal hypertension can continuously promote the activation of hyperdynamic circulation, which in turn can accelerate the development of cirrhotic portal hyperten-sion. This vicious circle is the main reason for the irreversible and untreatable end-stage liver disease. The authors review the pathophysiological mechanisms of cirrhotic portal hypertension, splanchnic hemodynamic dysfunction and hyperdynamic circulation.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907772

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway in hydromorphone postconditioning on alleviating myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced apoptosis in rats.Methods:Forty healthy male SD rats were randomly(random number) divided into five groups, with 8 rats in each group:①sham group;②I/R group;③I/R+hydromorphone group (I/R+H group);④I/R+PI3K inhibitor group (I/R+W group); and⑤I/R+hydromorphone+PI3K inhibitor group (I/R+H+W group). The myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury model was established by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery for 30 min and reperfusion for 120 min. After the experiment, the area of myocardial infarction was measured by 2, 3, 5-triphenyl tetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining. The amount of serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage was estimated by colorimetry . The cardiomyocyte apoptosis was detected by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) assay. The protein expressions of p-Akt, Bcl-2 and Bax were detected by Western blot. Comparisons among groups were carried out by analysis of variance (ANOVA).Results:Compared with the sham group, the area of myocardial infarction, serum LDH leakage and cardiomyocyte apoptosis were significantly increased, p-Akt and Bax expression were upregulated, Bcl-2 expression was downregulated in the I/R group ( P<0.05). Compared with the I/R group, the area of myocardial infarction, serum LDH leakage and cardiomyocyte apoptosis were markedly decreased, p-Akt and Bcl-2 expression were upregulated and Bax expression was downregulated in the I/R+H group ( P<0.05). Compared with the I/R+H group, the area of myocardial infarction, serum LDH leakage and cardiomyocyte apoptosis were significantly increased, p-Akt and Bcl-2 expression were downregulated, and Bax expression was upregulated in the I/R+H+W group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Hydromorphone postconditioning can alleviate cardiomyocyte apoptosis induced by myocardial ischemia/reperfusion, and its protection mechanism may be related to the activation of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875284

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the potential value of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT in predicting the survival of patients with primary tracheal malignant tumors. @*Materials and Methods@#An analysis of FDG PET/CT findings in 37 primary tracheal malignant tumor patients with a median follow-up period of 43.2 months (range, 10.8–143.2 months) was performed. Cox proportional hazards regression analyses were used to assess the associations between quantitative 18F-FDG PET/CT parameters, other clinic-pathological factors, and overall survival (OS). A risk prognosis model was established according to the independent prognostic factors identified on multivariate analysis. A survival curve determined by the Kaplan-Meier method was used to assess whether the prognosis prediction model could effectively stratify patients with different risks factors. @*Results@#The median survival time of the 37 patients with tracheal tumors was 38.0 months, with a 95% confidence interval of 10.8 to 65.2 months. The 3-year, 5-year and 10-year survival rate were 54.1%, 43.2%, and 16.2%, respectively. The metabolic tumor volume (MTV), total lesion glycolysis (TLG), maximum standardized uptake value, age, pathological type, extension categories, and lymph node stage were included in multivariate analyses. Multivariate analysis showed MTV (p = 0.011), TLG (p = 0.020), pathological type (p = 0.037), and extension categories (p = 0.038) were independent prognostic factors for OS. Additionally, assessment of the survival curve using the Kaplan-Meier method showed that our prognosis prediction model can effectively stratify patients with different risks factors (p 5.19, a TLG > 16.94 on PET/CT scans, squamous cell carcinoma, and non-E1 were more likely to have a reduced OS.

10.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1781-1784, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906804

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze delay in student pulmonary tuberculosis(PTB) case finding and associated factors in Suzhou, and to provide a reference for tuberculosis outbreak prevention and control in schools.@*Methods@#A total of 1 148 students with PTB who registered and were treated in Suzhou from 2011 to 2020 were included. Kruskal Wallis H test, 2 test and Cochran Armitage trend test were used to analyze the time trend of case finding delay. Logistic regression was used to analyze the correlation between admission characteristics and case finding delay.@*Results@#Among the students with PTB, a total of 569 cases were found to be delayed. The rate of delay was 49.6%, and the median delay time was 26(11-49) days. From 2011 to 2020, the difference in case finding interval of students with PTB was statistically significant( Hc=54.62, P <0.05), and the difference in case finding rate was also statistically significant( χ 2=53.69, P <0.05). The rate of delay fluctuated, with an overall upward trend over time( Z=-3.67, P < 0.05). Clinical consultation( OR=5.57, 95%CI =1.91-16.27), positive etiology ( OR=1.46, 95%CI =1.14-1.86) were positively correlated with case finding delay(all P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#There are significant delays in case finding among students with PTB in Suzhou. Clinical consultation and positive etiology are associated with case finding delay. In response to the growing problems in daily school tuberculosis prevention and control, multiple departments should cooperate to implement relevant measures and to reduce the occurrence of case finding delay.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906339

ABSTRACT

Objective:Combined with high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS) and network pharmacology, to predict the target and potential mechanism of Gardeniae Fructus in the treatment of cerebral ischemia. Method:HPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS was used to identify the chemical constituents of Gardeniae Fructus according to the retention time, relative molecular weight, secondary mass spectrometry fragmentation and other information of chromatographic peaks, and combined with literature data. The targets of main active ingredients in Gardeniae Fructus were predicted by Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP) and SwissTargetPrediction database. The potential targets of Gardeniae Fructus against cerebral ischemia were obtained through Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), GeneCards and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG). Gene ontology (GO) function enrichment and KEGG pathway analysis of potential targets were analyzed with the DAVID 6.8. Cytoscape 3.6.0 software was used to construct the network of active components-targets-pathways. At last, Discovery Studio 2016 software was applied in the molecular docking verification between the key active ingredients and potential protein targets. Result:A total of 40 chemical constituents in Gardeniae Fructus were identified, including iridoids, diterpenoid pigments, organic acids, monoterpenoids and other components. According to the main active ingredients, 208 potential targets were predicted, 560 disease targets related to cerebral ischemia were retrieved, 59 key targets were selected by mapping component targets with disease targets. These targets could act on key target proteins such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF), Caspase-3 (CASP3) and CASP8, and participate in the regulation of TNF, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt), hypoxia inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) and other signal pathways. Molecular docking results showed that geniposide could interact with targets of prostaglandin G/H synthase 2 (PTGS2), TNF<italic> </italic>and nuclear transcription factor-<italic>κ</italic>B p65 (RELA), crocin Ⅰ could interact with interleukin-2 (IL-2). Conclusion:Geniposide, crocin Ⅰ and other ingredients in Gardeniae Fructus can play a role of anti-inflammatory and inhibiting apoptosis to prevent or treat cerebral ischemic diseases by up-regulating protein expression level of RELA and IL-2, down-regulating protein expression level of TNF, CASP8, CASP3 and matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2), and regulating TNF, PI3K/Akt and HIF-1 signaling pathways.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906310

ABSTRACT

Objective:High performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS) was used to identify the main chemical constituents of Daishenning. Method:Cosmosil 5 C<sub>18</sub>-AR-Ⅱ column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) was employed for chromatographic separation with mobile phase of acetonitrile (A)-0.5% formic acid aqueous solution (B) for gradient elution (0-10 min, 5%A; 10-20 min, 5%-20%A; 20-30 min, 20%A; 30-55 min, 20%-35%A; 55-65 min, 35%-55%A; 65-75 min, 55%-100%A; 75-80 min, 100%A; 80-85 min, 100%-5%A; 85-90 min, 5%A), the flow rate was 1 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>, column temperature was 40 ℃, and injection volume was 10 μL. Electrospray ionization (ESI), positive and negative ion detection modes and mass scanning range of <italic>m</italic>/<italic>z</italic> 100-2 000 were selected for mass spectrometry. The main chemical constituents in Daishenning were identified by MassHunter B.06.00 software in combination with PubChem, MassBank, ChemicalBook and other databases, and reference information. Result:A total of 96 components were identified from Daishenning, including 32 flavonoids, 19 organic acids, 6 glycosides, 6 terpenoids, 5 phenylpropanoids, 8 phenols, 14 other components and 6 unknown components. Conclusion:The established method can simultaneously analyze different types of compounds in Daishenning, it is helpful for further research on the extraction and separation of main chemical components and quality control of this preparation. In addition, through the rapid identification of the chemical constituents in Daishenning, it is speculated that the main effective substances of Daishenning may be flavonoids and organic acids.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906167

ABSTRACT

At present, the incidence and mortality of gastric cancer in China are 10.26% and 12.45%, ranking the second and third places, respectively, in the incidence and mortality of malignant tumors in China. Cancer often goes through three stages: precancerous lesions, carcinoma in situ, and invasive carcinoma. It is of great significance to advance cancer prevention and control to the stage of precancerous lesions. The popularization of digestive endoscopy-assisted diagnosis and treatment has enabled the timely diagnosis and treatment of early gastric cancer and severe dysplasia. However, the endoscopic mucosal resection is not suitable for most precancerous lesions of gastric cancer (PLGC), and the effective drugs are not available. The long-term clinical dynamic monitoring has imposed considerable physical and mental burdens on patients. Gastrointestinal microenvironment is a dynamic balance system composed of gastrointestinal flora, chemical barrier, mechanical barrier, immune barrier, and gastrointestinal nerves. The imbalance of gastric microenvironment has been proved to be the key mechanism of PLGC. According to traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), PLGC is a result of long-term interaction between deficient healthy Qi and excessive pathogens. In syndrome differentiation and treatment, PLGC is often believed to be developed from chronic gastritis. Besides, the inflammation-cancer transformation model put forward by Correa and the evolution of its TCM pathogenesis are also considered. Guided by the basic treatment principle of reinforcing healthy Qi to eliminate pathogenic factors, we determined the basic therapeutic methods as follows: invigorating spleen, clearing heat, and resolving dampness. At the same time, such methods as soothing liver and regulating Qi, resolving phlegm and dissipating mass, activating blood and resolving stasis, clearing heat and removing toxin, and tonifying deficiency can be combined based on the results of syndrome differentiation. After discussing the correlation between the imbalance of gastric microenvironment and PLGC and summarizing TCM intervention methods and mechanisms against PLGC from the perspective of gastric microenvironment regulation, this paper believed that TCM improved the gastric microenvironment by regulating the disorder of gastric flora, eliminating the gastric mucosal inflammation, and relieving the abnormal immune response, thereby preventing and controlling the PLGC.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906063

ABSTRACT

Objective:The correlation between the appearance color of cooked rhubarb samples and the components characterized by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) fingerprint was studied to reveal the quality transfer law in the steaming process of processed products with rice-wine. Method:The visual analyzer was used to analyze the change of the appearance color of cooked rhubarb sample powder at different processing time, the common components and their relative peak areas of processed products with rice-wine were identified by HPLC fingerprint, as well as multivariate statistics and Pearson correlation analysis were used to cluster, discriminate and analyze the appearance color and the component variables in HPLC fingerprint. Result:During the processing of cooked rhubarb, the <italic>a</italic><sup>*</sup> (red-green value) of sample powder had no obvious change, but the <italic>L</italic><sup>*</sup> (lightness value), <italic>b</italic><sup>*</sup><italic> </italic>(yellow-blue value) and <italic>E</italic><sup>*</sup><italic>ab </italic>(total chromaticity value) showed a decreasing trend, and the appearance color changed from bright to dark, from yellow to brown. A total of 46 chromatographic peaks in the fingerprint were identified at 254 nm and 280 nm, and 18 of them were identified by comparison with reference standards. The change trend of <italic>L</italic><sup>*</sup>,<italic> b</italic><sup>*</sup><italic> </italic>and <italic>E</italic><sup>*</sup><italic>ab </italic>were positively correlated with the contents of tannins (catechin, epicatechin and ethyl gallate), stilbene glycoside (<italic>trans</italic>-3,5,4′-trihydroxystyryl-4′-<italic>O</italic>-<italic>β</italic>-<italic>D</italic>-glucoside), phenylbutanone glycoside of 4′-hydroxyphenyl-2-butanone-4′-<italic>O</italic>-<italic>β</italic>-<italic>D</italic>-[2ʺ-<italic>O</italic>-gallic-6ʺ-<italic>O</italic>-(4ʺ-hydroxy)-cinnamoyl)-glucoside, conjugated anthraquinones (aloe emodin-8-<italic>O</italic>-glucoside, rhein-8-<italic>O</italic>-glucoside, emodin-8-<italic>O</italic>-glucoside) and <italic>ω</italic>-hydroxyemodin (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and negatively correlated with the contents of free anthraquinones (emodin, aloe emodin and physcion). Compared with 254 nm, the similarities of chromatographic peaks at 280 nm was more obvious, and the number of detected common peaks was more, which could reflect more subtle differences in chemical composition. Conclusion:Tannins, stilbene glycosides and phenylbutanone glycosides are strongly correlated with <italic>L</italic><sup>*</sup>, while anthraquinones are strongly correlated with <italic>b</italic><sup>*</sup>, the decrease of <italic>E</italic><sup>*</sup><italic>ab</italic> is mainly related to the increase of free anthraquinone content and the decrease of catechins, <italic>ω</italic>-hydroxyemodin, stilbene glycosides, conjugated anthraquinone and phenylbutanone glycosides. The change of appearance color index of process samples can reflect the change trend of the contents of medicinal components in cooked rhubarb to some extent.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906005

ABSTRACT

Gegen Qinliantang, a classic traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) compound, has been verified in modern research to possess various pharmacological effects such as anti-inflammation,anti-oxidative stress,protecting intestinal mucosal barrier, and regulating intestinal flora and immune response. Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic idiopathic inflammatory disease involving the colorectal mucosa, which mainly results from genetic susceptibility, intestinal mucosal barrier damage, abnormal immune response, intestinal flora disturbance, and bile acid metabolism disorders. By reviewing the literature published in recent years, this paper sorted out the relevant pathways and mechanisms involved in the treatment of UC by Gegen Qinliantang to provide ideas for further clinical and basic research. This literature review uncovered that Gegen Qinliantang exerted the therapeutic effects against UC mainly via interleukin-6(IL-6)/Janus tyrosine kinase 2(JAK2)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3(STAT3) signaling pathway, Toll like receptor 4(TLR4)/nuclear transcription factor-κB(NF-κB) signaling pathway,Notch signaling pathway, and matrix metalloproteinase-9(MMP-9)/p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase(p38 MAPK) signaling pathway. Gegen Qinliantang regulates the intercellular molecular transmission in multiple pathways to protect the intestinal mucosal barrier, adjust the immune response and anti-oxidative stress, and relieve UC, demonstrating the multi-target, multi-mechanism, and multi-pathway advantages of TCM compounds.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905186

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the prevalence of people with disability, and the demand, service policies and service system for assistive technology (AT) services in Australia. Methods:Referring to policy recommendation and indicators in World Health Organizaion's Rehabilitation in Health Systems, Australia's assistive technology service policy framework, services development and trend of development were analyzed by the means of content analysis and development research. Results:There are about 4.4 million people with disability in Australia, of which 1.4 million (32%) with severe or profound disabilities. Federal, state and territorial governments have respectively issued legislation, policy and related service project, including the National Disability Strategy, National Disability Agreement, the National Disability Insurance Scheme, National Standards for Disability Services and others assistance programs to support disability services. There are about two million Australians with disabilities received AT services support from the mentioned programme and scheme. Australia provides more than ten thousands kinds of AT appliances per year, covering all kinds of products in WHO's Priority Assistive Products List. Conclusion:Australia has developed a federal National Disability Strategy, AT service policies and standards, and established federal and state AT insurance and financial support programs for people with disabilities based on the unmet needs of AT services, and federal and state networks for AT services have been established, and service coordination mechanisms at federal and state levels have been established through the National Disability Agreement, covering all types of people with demand of AT in Australia. It meets the requirements of the policy recommendations and assessment indicators in the WHO's Rehabilitation in Health Systems policy guidelines involving AT services. The future development areas in AT will focus on the fields of policy development, ICF implementation, service delivery system, upgrading of service quality and standard, and new technology application.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905169

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the policy framework and core content of assistive technology (AT) services, compare the current status of AT in countries with different levels of development, and discuss the future development of international policies and services of AT. Methods:Based on the policy and theoretical framework of AT of the United Nations (UN) and World Health Organization (WHO), the policy framework and main contents of international AT services were analyzed; the policies, assistive products and service development of AT services in countries with different levels of development worldwide were compared; and the policy and innovative technology development hotspots of international AT were explored. Results:AT service is an important component of rehabilitation services, and the development of AT services is a key step toward achieving the UN Sustainable Development Goal 3, "Ensure healthy lifestyles and promote the well-being of people of all ages". UN and WHO advocated AT services policy. The framework is based on the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) on articles related to AT, and WHO documents of AT and rehabilitation, such as World Report on Disability, the Global Plan of Action on Disability, Rehabilitation in the Health System, and Rehabilitation in the Health System: A Guide to Action, as well as WHA 71.8 on Assistive Technology, Improving Access to Assistive Technology. The core elements of the international AT policy aim to build integrated, people-centered health services, emphasize the integration of AT into the health system and rehabilitation services, establish and develop AT services in six building blocks of WHO health system, thereby improving access to quality AT to achieve universal health coverage. Further in the fields of technology and service innovation, it proposed to establish a 5P model. High-income countries and low- and middle-income countries are facing many difficulties and large differences in AT service policies, assistive product provision, and service coverage. In the future, adoption of the 5P model proposed by WHO for policy and service delivery and technological changes, and the innovation of assistive product development and AT service models will be the hot spots of AT development. Conclusion:The policy on AT at international level is centered on the concept of UN CRPD and is based on prospect of policy documents issued by the UN and WHO on AT services, with the core objective of developing AT services to provide timely, appropriate, and affordable to persons with disabilities, aging, and people needed to improve their health, quality of life and well-being. It proposes to integrate AT into universal health coverage and to deliver AT service through primary health care in order to achieve the UN SDG 3 goal with full coverage of AT. It proposes to integrate AT into rehabilitation services, i.e. leadership and governance, financing, AT professionals, AT delivery, medicine and technology, and health information system monitoring AT services. There are differneces in AT products and AT delivery due to the globel differneces in economic and social development levels and challenges in access to AT services. It is necessary to develop relevant policies, planning and innovations in assistive products and AT services. AT development in the future will focus on the 5P model of AT to implement reforms in the field of product and service delivery as well as technological innovation in order to improve the coverage, availability, accessibility and affordability, integrate AT into the health system within the framework of universal health coverage, achieve full coverage of universal AT services, and enhance the quality of AT and improve consumers' well-being.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904709

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To identify the risk factors for postoperative recurrence of peripheral solid small-nodule lung cancer (PSSNLC) (T≤2 cm), and to explore the effects of surgery types on prognosis. Methods     We extracted data from Western China Lung Cancer Database (WCLCD), a prospectively maintained database at the Department of Thoracic Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, and Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)  database for peripheral solid small-nodule lung cancer patients (T≤2 cm N0M0, stageⅠ) who underwent surgery between 2005 and 2016. We used univariable and multivariable logistic regression to analyze risk factors for recurrence of PSSNLC. We applied propensity-score matching to compare the long-term results of segmentectomy and lobectomy, as well as the survival of patients from WCLCD and SEER. We finally included 4 800 patients with PSSNLC (T≤2 cm N0M0)(WCLCD: SEER=354∶4 446). We matched 103 segmentectomies and 350 lobectomies in T≤1 cm, and 280 segmentectomies and 1 067 lobectomies in 1 cm<T≤2 cm at a ratio of 1∶4 according to the propensity scores. Results     The results of multivariable logistic regression showed that older age (HR=1.04, 95%CI 1.03-1.05, P<0.001), male (HR=1.60, 95%CI 1.37-1.88, P<0.001), squamous carcinoma (HR=1.65, 95%CI 1.40-1.95, P<0.001), lymph node removed (HR=0.97, 95%CI 0.96-0.99, P<0.001) were risk factors for recurrence after surgery. We found that segmentectomy and lobectomy could reach similar survival in PSSNLC patient with either T≤1 cm or 1 cm<T≤2 cm. Analyses of 1 441 patients with PSSNLC after matching (WCLCD∶SEER=325∶1 116) indicated that the 5-year overall survival rate of the patients in WCLCD was better than that in SEER database ( 89.8% vs. 77.1%, P<0.001). Conclusion     Older age, male, squamous carcinoma, and lymph node removed are the risk factors for recurrence of PSSNLC. Segmentectomy shows similar survival in PSSNLC patient with either T≤1 cm or 1 cm<T≤2 cm N0M0. The patients in the WCLCD shows better survival compared with of the patients in the SEER database.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904351

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the current status of osteoporosis risk and influencing factors for residents from 30 to 65 years old in typical hot spring areas in Guizhou province, and to provide a theoretical basis for reducing the risk of osteoporosis and the prevention of osteoporosis in the population. Methods A health questionnaire for residents in typical hot spring areas in Guizhou, osteoporosis risk test questions, Pittsburgh sleep quality index(PSQI), etc were used. A face-to-face survey of 3 708 residents was conducted, and logistic regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of osteoporosis risk in hot spring areas. Results 2 403(64.81%)residents of 3 708 people surveyed were at risk of osteoporosis, of whom 1 434(87.4%)males and 969 females(47.1%)had a higher risk of osteoporosis (χ2=652.4, P < 0.001). As age increased, more residents were at risk of osteoporosis(χ2=273.4, P < 0.001), and numbers of residents of 30-39 years old, 40-59 years old, and above 60 years of age at risk of osteoporosis were 319(49.2%), 1 572(62.9%), and 512(93.6%). Male osteoporosis risk was negatively correlated with an education level of undergraduate and above(OR=0.37, 95%CI: 0.19-0.73). Age 40-59(OR=1.54, 95%CI: 1.07-2.22), 60 and above(OR=6.39, 95%CI: 2.76-14.79), and sleep disorders(OR=1.59, 95%CI: 1.08-2.35)may increase the risk of osteoporosis in male residents in hot spring areas. Less oil in daily diet may increase the risk of osteoporosis in women(OR=1.70, 95%CI: 1.23-2.36). Age 40-59(OR=1.54, 95%CI: 1.17-2.03), over 60 and above(OR=16.24, 95%CI: 10.10-26.12), and sleep disorders(OR=1.84, 95%CI: 1.48-2.28)were positively correlated with risk of osteoporosis in women. Women with junior high school degree(OR=0.61, 95%CI: 0.47-0.80), high school degree(OR=0.57, 95%CI: 0.37-0.89)and undergraduate degree and above(OR=0.59, 95%CI: 0.39-0.98)had a lower risk of osteoporosis than women who were illiterate or semi-illiterate. The osteoporosis risk test questions showed that smoking, heavy drinking, and erectile dysfunction and reduced sexual desire were the main sources of osteoporosis risk in men. Menopause before the age of 60, ≤45 years old, no milk and no calcium supplements, parents with osteoporosis or bone fractures were the major risk sources of osteoporosis in women. Conclusion The risk of osteoporosis among male residents from 30 to 65 years old in typical hot spring areas in Guizhou province is higher than that among women. Education of osteoporosis prevention should be strengthened among local residents to promote healthy behaviors and lifestyles.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904349

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence of osteoarthrosis and the association between hot spring bathing and osteoarthrosis among local adults in typical hot spring areas of Guizhou Province. Methods A face-to-face questionnaire survey was conducted among residents aged from 30 to 65 in five typical hot spring areas, including Xifeng(Xifeng County, Guiyang), Jianhe(Jianhe County, Qiandongnan), Fodingshan(Shiqian County, Tongren), Guiyu(Wudang District, Guiyang)and Huishangu(Suiyang County, Zunyi). Residents' basic information, bone and joint diseases prevalence, hot spring bathing, and other health-related behaviors were investigated in this study. The prevalence of local bone and joint diseases was analyzed, and binary logistic regression was used to calculate OR(95%CI)to analyze the association between hot spring bathing and bone and joint diseases. Results A total of 3 708 adults(1 648 males and 2 060 females)were included as the statistical analysis survey subjects, and 794 people reported bone and joint diseases, accounting for a prevalence rate of 21.41%, 95% CI: 0.201-0.227. The prevalence of females(24.56%)was higher than that of males(17.48%)(P < 0.001). The prevalence rates of diseases increased with age(χtrend2=130.265, P < 0.001). There were also statistically significant differences in the prevalence rate of bone and joint diseases among different genders, age groups, occupations, education levels, and smoking behaviors(P < 0.05). After gender, age, occupation, education and smoking were adjusted for, compared with the group who never took hot spring baths, participants who took hot spring baths occasionally(OR=0.793, 95%CI: 0.631-0.996)and frequently(OR=0.713, 95%CI: 0.536-0.948)were associated with a lower risk of bone and joint diseases. Conclusion The prevalence of osteoarthrosis is 21.41% in the typical hot spring areas of Guizhou Province. Older or females have a higher risk of prevalence of bone and joint diseases. Hot spring bathing may be associated with a lower risk of bone and joint diseases.

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