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1.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 466-470, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909779

ABSTRACT

The emergence of gut microbes has become one of the key regulatory factors of gut brain function, and has made people realize the importance of microbe gut brain axis.The gut microbiota and brain are interconnected through immune system, tryptophan metabolism, vagus nerve and endocrine system.Many factors can affect the composition of gut microbiota, including infection, mode of delivery, use of antibiotics, stress, and host genetics.Recent studies have shown that gut microbiota may be associated with many diseases, including autism, irritable bowel syndrome and so on.Future research will focus on understanding the underlying mechanisms of the microbial gut brain axis and attempt to elucidate microbial based intervention and treatment strategies for neuropsychiatric diseases.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907373

ABSTRACT

Intracranial aneurysms are local abnormal bulging of intracranial arterial wall caused by various reasons. Since the International Subarachnoid Aneurysm Trial (ISAT) in 2002 confirmed the safety and effectiveness of endovascular therapy, interventional materials and treatment concepts have been continuously innovated, and endovascular therapy has become the first-line treatment of intracranial aneurysms. This article reviews the interventional materials and their progress in the endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914652

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Sheep-induced pluripotent stem cells (siPSCs) have low reprogramming efficiency, thereby hampering their use in biotechnology and agriculture. Several studies have shown that some microRNAs play an important role in promoting somatic reprogramming in mouse and human. In this study, we investigated the effect of miR-200c-141 on somatic reprogramming in sheep and explored the mechanism of promoting the reprogramming. @*Methods@#and Results: The lentivirus system driven by tetracycline (TET)-on carrying Oct4, Sox2, c-Myc, Klf4, Nanog, Lin28, hTERT, and SV40LT (OSKMNLST) could reprogram sheep kidney cells into pluripotent cells. Overexpression of miR-200c-141 in combination with OSKMNLST could significantly improve the efficiency of sheep iPSC generation (p<0.01). Sheep iPSCs derived from miR-200c-141 showed embryonic stem cell (ESC)-like pluripotent properties, were positive for alkaline phosphatase and some pluripotent markers by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and immunofluorescence, and were able to differentiate into three germ layers in vitro. Oar-miR-200c was transfected into HEK293FT cells and was able to target the zinc finger E-box-binding homeobox 1 (ZEB1) 3’UTR using dual luciferase reporting analysis. Overexpression of oar-miR-200c in SKCs significantly reduced the expression of ZEB1, but increased the expression of E-cadherin by qRT-PCR and western blotting analysis. @*Conclusions@#These results suggest that miR-200c-141 can promote the reprogramming of sheep somatic cells to iPSCs, and oar-miR-200c targeted ZEB1 3’UTR, significantly decreased expression of ZEB1, and increased expression of E-cadherin. Oar-miR-200c may improve the MET process by affecting the TGF-β signaling pathway, thus improving the efficiency of somatic cell reprogramming in sheep.

4.
Journal of Gastric Cancer ; : 139-151, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835759

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Globally, there is a high incidence of gastric cancer (GC). Leucine zipper-EF-hand containing transmembrane protein 1 (LETM1) is reported to play a vital role in several human malignancies. However, there is limited understanding of the role of LETM1 in GC. This study aims to investigate the effects of LETM1 on proliferation, migration, and invasion of GC cells. @*Materials and Methods@#The expression levels of LETM1 in the normal gastric mucosal epithelial cells (GES-1) and GC cells were analyzed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blotting. CCK-8, wound healing, and Transwell invasion assays were performed to evaluate the effect of LETM1 knockdown or overexpression on the proliferation, migration, and invasion of the GC cells, respectively. Additionally, the effect of LETM1 knockdown or overexpression on GC cell apoptosis was determined by flow cytometry. Furthermore, the effect of LETM1 knockdown or overexpression on the expression levels of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway-related proteins was evaluated by western blotting. @*Results@#The GC cells exhibited markedly higher mRNA and protein expression levels of LETM1 than the GES-1 cells. Additionally, the knockdown of LETM1 remarkably suppressed the GC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, and promoted the apoptosis of GC cells, which were reversed upon LETM1 overexpression. Furthermore, the western blotting analysis indicated that LETM1 facilitates GC progression via the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. @*Conclusions@#LETM1 acts as an oncogenic gene to promote GC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion via the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. Therefore, LETM1 may be a potential target for GC diagnosis and treatment.

5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 986-994, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242212

ABSTRACT

STK1 is one important MAPK gene regulating the conidial development, osmotic stress and pathogenicity of Setosphaeria turcica. At first, the Pichia pastoris GS115 expression vector pPIC3.5K-EGFP containing enhanced green fluorescent protein gene (EGFP) was constructed, then STK1 gene was first amplified by PCR with the template of cDNA of S. turcica model isolate 01-23, and then cloned into the vector pPIC3.5K-EGFP with enhanced green fluorescent protein gene (EGFP) to construct the STK1-EGFP fusion gene expression vector pPIC3.5K-STK1-EGFP. The vector was transformed into the susceptible cells of Pichia pastoris GS115 by electric shock process, and the transformants were identified by MD medium screening and PCR determination. The STK1 gene and EGFP gene could be expressed effectively and stably in the transformants as detected by RT-PCR and fluorescence observation. In addition, we also found that the Kozak sequence before the start codon of STK1 gene could increase 4.8 folds expression level of STK1- EGFP fusion gene. The above research results laid a good foundation for subcellular localization and antibody preparation of STK1 protein.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620656

ABSTRACT

Objective Establish a method for qualitative and quantitative analysis of paraquat dichloride in organs in rat by UPLC-MS/MS and study the rat animal model poisoned by intragastric administration of paraquat dichloride to investigate the postmortem distribution of paraquat dichloride in poisoning death rat. Methods The rats were given an intragastric administration of 1/2LD50 Paraquat dichloride. The rats were dissected at 0.5h, 2h, 4h, 8h, 12h, 24h, 48h, 72h respectively after the intragastric administration. The specimens of -the heart, liver, spleen, lung, kidney, brain, muscle, bladder and stomach-were collected and analyzed immediately. Qualitative and quantitative analysis were performed by UPLC-MS/MS. Results Within 4h, stomach is the main distribution organ. The content of paraquat dichloride is the highest in stomache and relatively low in other organs. The concentration of organization except stomach changed little within 4h. The concentration of stomach has a sharp decline after 4h. The concentration in organs except stomach has a sharp rise after 4h. There is a significant difference(P<0.05) between each organs and brain. Conclusion There was a postmortem maldistribution of paraquat dichloride in poisoning death rats and the concentration in organs changes with time. The analysis method of UPLC-MS/MS and postmortem distribution of paraquat dichloride can be applied to the forensic identification of paraquat dichloride poisoning death and provide direction for delete this part toxicology analysis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613532

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of restructuring tissue inhibitor of matrix metatloproteinase-3 (rhTIMP-3) in combination with cisplatin (DDP) on the growth and apoptosis of A549 lung cancer cell line.Methods We made individual and combined use of different concentrations of rhTIMP-3 and DDP on A549 cells.Methyl thiazoyl terazolium (MTT) colorimetry was used to analyze cell growth inhibition,and flow cytometry technique was used to determine the cell cycle distribution and apoptosis rate.Results rhTIMP-3 and DDP both could inhibit the proliferation of A549 cells.rhTIMP-3 exerted its effect in the time-and concentration-dependent manners while DDP did so in the concentration-dependent manner;both induced the apoptosis of A549 cells.rhTIMP-3 could make the cells stay in S and G2/M phases,and DDP made the cells stay in S phase.The combination of them obviously strengthened the inhibition of A549 cell growth,and had obvious synergy in inducing apoptosis.Conclusion Both rhTIMP-3 and DDP can inhibit the proliferation of A549 cells and induce their apoptosis.The combined use of them not only can increase the inhibition of cell growth but also has synergy in inducing cell apoptosis.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512992

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy of super selective intra-arterial infusion of verapamil for the treatment of cerebral vasospasm (CVS) after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH).Methods From January 2013 to February 2016,the clinical data of 15 patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) who had CVS after intracranial aneurysm clipping (n=8) or endovascular treatment (n=7) were analyzed retrospectively.All patients received whole brain digital subtraction angiography (DSA).Microcatheter super selection to spastic arteries was used and verapamil (11.1±3.4 mg) was infused.The findings of whole brain DSA before and after treatments were compared.The blood pressure and heart rate were collected during the treatment and the findings of transcranial Doppler ultrasonography were recorded.The patients were followed up for 6 months and the Glasgow outcome scale (GCS) scores were obtained.Results (1) A total of 20 intra-arterial infusion treatments were performed in 15 cases.They were compared before and after perfusion.CVS was improved on DSA in 14 cases,there was no significant change in on cases.(2) Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography showed that the mean blood flow velocity (mBFV) of the middle cerebral artery was decreased from 181±4 cm/s before the super selective intra-arterial infusion to 126±4 cm/s within 1 hour after treatment.There was significant difference (t=42.46,P0.05).(4) All patients were followed up for 6 months.The GOS score at 6 months:good recovery in 9 cases,moderate disability but could take care of themselves in 3 cases,severe disability and could not take care of themselves in 3 cases,no persistent vegetative state or death.Conclusion Super selective intra-arterial infusion of verapamil can effectively improve the treatment of aneurysmal SAH caused CVS.At the same time,it has no obvious effect on blood pressure and heart rate.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507707

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors for hemorrhagic transformation (HT) and poor outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke after mechanical thrombectomy.Methods The patients with acute ischemic stroke received mechanical thrombectomy were enrolled retrospectively.The demography,vascular risk factors and other clinical data of the patents were collected.The modified Rankin scale (mRS) was used to evaluate the clinical outcomes at day 90.Good outcome was defined as mRS score 0-2.The patients were divided into either a HT group or a non-HT group according to their HT conditions.Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the independent risk factors for HT and poor outcomes.Results A total of 48 patients with acute ischemic stroke received mechanical thrombectomy were enrolled,including 25 males (52.1%).Their mean age was 64.77± 9.14 years.The mean National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score was 17.70 ± 3.77.Twenty-two patients (45.8%) occured HT,of which 9 were symptomatic HT;24 (50.0%) had good outcomes.The proportion of males in the HT group was significantly lower than that in the non-HT goup (30.4%vs.72.0%;x2 =8.293,P =0.004),while the proportions in patients with diabetes (65.2% vs.36.0%;x2 =4.090,P =0.043) and atrial fibrillation (78.3% vs.44.0%;x2 =5.880,P =0.015),as well as the baseline fasting blood glucose level (8.514 ± 4.400 mmol/L vs.6.354 ± 1.472 mmol/L;t =2.319,P =0.025) were significantly higher than those in the non-HT group.Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the atrial fibrillation (odds ratio [OR] 6.136,95% confidence interval [CI] 1.617-23.291;P =0.042) was a risk factor for the occurrence of HT after mechanical thrombectomy.The proportion of diabetic patients (29.2% vs.70.8%;x2 =8.333,P=0.04) and baseline NIHSS score (16.050±4.865 vs.19.210±4.423);t=2.310,P=0.026) of the good outcome group were significantly lower than those of the poor outcome group,while the proportions of patients in atrial fibrillation (75.0% vs.45.8%;x2 =4.269,P =0.039),anterior circulation stroke (87.5% vs.62.5%;x2 =4.000,P =0.046) middle cerebral artery (75.0% vs.29.2%;x2 =10.113,P =0.006),vertebral basilar artery (37.5% vs.12.5%;x2 =10.113,P =0.006) occlusion and parenchymal hematoma (33.3% vs.4.1%;P=0.011) were significantly higher than the poor outcome group.Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that diabetes (OR 5.898,95% CI 1.699-20.479;P=0.005),baseline NIHSS score (OR 1.167,95% CI 1.011-1.347;P =0.035),and parenchymal hematoma (OR 1.295,95% CI 1.099-1.875;P=0.028) were the independent risk factors for poor outcomes.Conclusions Atrial fibrillation is an independent predictor of HT risk in patients with acute ischemic stroke after mechanical thrombectomy.Diabetes mellitus,higher baseline NIHSS score,and concurrent brain parenchymal hematoma are the independent predictors of poor outcomes.Therefore,the risk of HT and adverse outcomes should be fully assessed before mechanical thrombectomy in patients with acute ischemic stroke.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498311

ABSTRACT

Piperazine drugs, N - benzyl piperazine (BZP), 1 - (3 - chlorobenzene) piperazine (mCPP), 1 - (3 - three lfuorinated methyl phenyl) piperazine (TFMPP) have excitation and hallucinogenic effects similar to MDMA. They have became the alternative LSDs, abuse of substitues in the world reported increased year by year. The paper reviewed three piperazines regulation, abuse, toxicology, detection methods, and hope to provide a reference for judicial departments to crack down on the crime of the drug uses.

11.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 612-616, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-308510

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the different pathological and clinical characteristics of thymomas with and without myasthenia gravis (MG) and to determine whether the presence of MG influences the prognosis in thymoma patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data from 228 consecutive patients (median sternotomy were used in 153, video-assisted thoracoscopic themectomy were used in 75) operated on from January 1992 to December 2007 was analyzed retrospectively. These thymoma patients had been subdivided into two groups: thymoma with MG (n = 125) and thymoma without MG (n = 103). All thymic epithelial tumors were classified according to the WHO histologic classification and the Masaoka clinical staging system. The result was evaluated according to the Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America's criterion. The clinical features of the 2 test was compared between the two groups by χ² test, and the survival were compared between the two groups by Cox analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no peri-operative deaths. 19 cases were inoperable (6 in the group with MG, 13 without MG (χ² = 4.52, P = 0.035)). The proportions of type A and thymic carcinoma were 0 in the group with MG, 10.5% (11/103) and 11.6% (12/103) respectively in the group without MG. According to the Masaoka's clinical staging, in the group MG, 24.8% (31/125) patients were stage III and IV; in the group without MG, 33.0% (34/103) patients were stage III and IV. There was a significant difference between hyperplastic paraneoplastic thymus coexisting in 28.8% (36/125) patients with MG and only 5.8% (6/103) in patients without MG (χ² = 20.91, P = 0.000) Microthymoma was identified in the paraneoplastic thymus of 3 patients with MG. There were 198 patients followed up, the rate was 86.8% (198/228). There was no recurrence in patients with type A and a few patients with type AB, B1, B2, B3 thymoma and thymic carcinoma recurred. The actuarial 5- and 10-year survival rates were 89.3% and 81.2% for patients with MG respectively, and 90.0% and 78.9% for patients without MG respectively. Within 5 years postoperatively, 6 of 9 patients with MG died of myasthenia crisis, while 6 out of 7 deaths in patients without MG were attributable to inoperable tumors (stage IV) and thymic carcinoma.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The existence of myasthenia gravis has little influence on the prognosis of thymomas, but it is good for early diagnosis and treatment. Extended thymectomy should be performed to all patients with thymoma, no matter they have myasthenia gravis or not. The main cause of death is myasthenia crisis for thymoma patients with MG and stage IV and (or) thymic carcinoma for patients without MG.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Myasthenia Gravis , Pathology , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Neoplasm Staging , Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial , Pathology , General Surgery , Postoperative Period , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Sternotomy , Survival Rate , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted , Thymectomy , Thymoma , Pathology , General Surgery , Thymus Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery
12.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 4112-4114, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502715

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To observe the clinical efficacy of pegylated interferon α-2a(Peg-INFα-2a)combined with adefovir (ADV)in the treatment of HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB). METHODS:An open randomized controlled clinical trial was performed. According to random number table,70 patients with HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B were divided into observa-tion group and control group,with 35 cases in each group. Observation group received Peg-INF α-2a combined with ADV,and control group was treated with Peg-INF α-2a only. Therapeutic efficacy and safety evaluation were evaluated after 24 and 48 weeks of treatment. RESULTS:After 24 weeks of treatment,ALT normalization rate of observation group and control group were 51.43%and 25.71%,and HBV-DNA negative rate of 2 groups were 68.57% and 37.14% respectively,with statistical significance (P0.05). After 48 weeks of treatment,ALT normalization rate of observation group and control group were 77.14% and 54.29%,and HBeAg negative rate 54.29% and 31.43%,and HBV-DNA negative rate 82.86% and 42.86% respectively,with statistical significance(P0.05). CONCLUSIONS:Peg-INFα-2a combined with ADV have good clinical efficacy in the treatment of HBeAg-positive CHB,and it is better than Peg-INFα-2a monotherapy and has less ADR.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466995

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the imaging manifestations of chondromyxoid fibroma,so as to improve diagnostic accuracy.Methods The X-ray,CT and MRI manifestations of 8 cases with chondromyxoid fibroma confirmed by surgical pathology were analyzed retrospectively.Results All of 8 cases were in the long tubular bones.X-ray showed oval,well defined,eccentric,radiolucent lesion with surrounding sclerosis.The thick dense bony or coarse reticular septation were seen in 6 cases.CT scan showed osteolytic,surrounding sclerosis,and 1 case with foci of calcification.MRI images showed a low or medium signal on T1WI,high signal on T2WI,1 case with a equal T1WI and slight high T2WI signal intensity peripheral rim around.Two cases with diffused enhancement on T1WI after intravenous injection of gapentetate acid meglumine injection and a peripheral liner enhancement in 1 case.Conclusion Chondromyxoid fibroma has certain imaging characteristics,but should be combined with X-ray,CT and MRI to differentiate from other bone tumors with similar imaging manifestations.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481042

ABSTRACT

Objective To design a new type of hybrid bioartificial liver (HBAL), evaluate its efficacy in vitro, and explore the feasibility in clinical application.Methods CL-1 human hepatocytes were cultured on microcarriers for 5 days, when cell count reached about 4.0 × 109 with cell density of about 4.0 × 107/ml.CL-1 cells cultured on microcarriers in home-made bioreactor constitute the biological part of the HBAL.The abiotic part included blood perfusion and bilirubin adsorption, and blood pump was employed as the circulation driver, which were parts of HBAL.The changes of the concentrations of indirect bilirubin (UBD), chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCD), cholic acid (CA), blood ammonia (AA), AST, ALT and LDH were observed under the condition of in vitro circulation.Meanwhile, the function, morphology and the cell activity of CL-1 cells were also observed.Results After in vitro circulation for 24 h, the concentrations of UBD, CDCD, CA and AA significantly decreased from (335.3 ± 6.0) μmol/L, (395.0 ± 5.6) μmol/L, (155.7 ± 4.5) μmol/L, (39.0 ± 2.6) μmol/L at 0 h to (106.0 ± 10.9) μmol/L, (131.8 ± 28.7) μmol/L, (42.2 ± 7.3) μmol/L, (3.5 ± 1.0) μmol/L, respectively.At 48 h, ALT, AST and LDH significantly increased from (25.9 ± 4.2) IU/L, (22.0 ± 3.6) IU/L, (0.28 ± 0.09) μmol/L to (31.0 ± 2.6) IU/L,(31.6 ± 8.0) IU/L, (0.41 ± 0.12) μmol/L, meanwhile the count and vitality of CL-1 cells were significant declined.Conclusions (1) In the new HBAL system, CL-1 cells can keep its viability and function in vitro;and (2) the HBAL appears to be effective in purifying the serum in liver failure simulation model by clearing out non-conjugated bilirubin, chenodeoxycholic acid, cholic acid and ammonium chloride, which seems to be a promising therapeutic option.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-456077

ABSTRACT

The genetically modified mice , as a helpful model , have been widely used in life scientific research . However, several new issues appeared subsequently with the wide application of the genetically modified mice .Here, we mainly discussed and analyzed the problems in the management and usage of genetically modified mice , which underlies the foundation for establishing management practice of the genetically modified mice .

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-448034

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of preoperative angiography and intraoperative Doppler blood flow detection in the surgery of colonic interposition for esophageal.Methods Thirty-seven patients who underwent the surgery of colonic interposition for esophageal were chosen,17 cases received colonic interposition for esophageal routine operation (routine group),and 20 cases received preoperative angiography of superior and inferior mesenteric arteries and intraoperative Doppler blood flow detection (improved group),the clinical efficacy was observed.Results Routine group occurred anastomotic leak in 4 cases on postoperative 6-15 d,operation time was (367.0 ± 53.3) min,and improved group occurred anastomotic leak in 1 case on postoperative 7 d,operation time was (302.0 ± 67.1) min,the operation time between two groups had significant difference (P < 0.05).Conclusions The adoption of preoperative angiography and intraoperative Doppler blood flow detection can real-time directly display the vascular morphology of transplanted colon segment,observe the traveling direction and distribution of mesenteric arteries,provide accurate and rehable evaluation of blood vessel of transplanted colon,which can conduct to the optimum selection of transplanted colon and reduce the incidence of postoperative complications.

17.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1834-1836, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447532

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the levels of AKAP12 methylation by methylation‐specific high‐resolution melting curve(MS‐HRM ) in peripheral blood in patients with colorectal cancer and investigate its clinical significance .Methods We used MS‐HRM technology to detect the levels of AKAP12 methylation in peripheral blood in 60 lung cancer patients ,and analyzed the relationship between the levels of AKAP12 methylation and pathological parameters of lung cancer patients .Results 34(56 .7% ) of the 60 lung cancer patients were found to be methylated at the AKAP12 promoter region by MS‐HRM ,the methylation levels of 18 cases ranged between 1% -20% ,14 cases ranged between 20% -60% ,2 cases ranged between 60% -100% .There was no significant differences between the levels of AKAP12 methylation and lung cancer patients′age and gender(P>0 .05) .However ,it was signifi‐cantly higher in the patients with high pathological stage and differentiation degree (P<0 .05) .Conclusion AKAP12 promoter re‐gion methylation was related to tumor progression and malignant degree .

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491214

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR method for the detection of bifidobacteria in human fecal samples, and to provide an effective means for measuring intestinal bacteria. Methods Total DNA of bacteria was extracted from 60 cases of children's fecal samples. Three primers of bifidobacteria based on the 16S ribosomal RNA (16SrRNA)which possessed specialities of bacteria as amplified region were designed.The part of amplified 16SrRNA gene sequences was used as standard production.The serial dilution of standard was analyzed to build an absolute quantitative standard curve with SYBR GreenⅠ dye method, and the bifidobacterium contents in sixty human fecal samples were calculated. The sensitivity of the reaction was calculated by detecting the lowest detectable standard which determined the sensitivity of the reaction. The PCR products’melting curve was used to evaluate the specificity.The coefficient of variation (CV)of different batches of standard with the same concentration was used to evaluate the stability of reaction.Results The length of PCR product fragment which was used to build the standard curve was about 6 1 3 bp, the sequencing result was consist with the goals, and the standard sample of bifidobacteria was successfully established in real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR.The standard curve showed a good linear relationship with R2=0.999.The minimum detection value was 1.48×102 copies per reaction.The melting curve of real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR was a single peak.The test samples were batched and then examined by fluorescence quantitative PCR.The CV of standards’ Ct values which calculated from the standard (1.48 × 103 -1.48 × 107 copies · μL-1 )were 2.94%, 3.39%, 3.54%,3.08%,and 3.34%,respectively.The contents of bifidobacteria in fecal from 60 children was 7.77± 0.86(copies · g-1 wet fecal)transformed by logarithmic.Conclusion The established real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR method has high sensitivity, strong specificity and good repeatability, which is suitable for detection of human fecal bifidobacteria content.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436421

ABSTRACT

To retrospectively analyze the clinical data of 42 patients at our department with bulbar myasthenia gravis.They underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic extended thymectomy (VATET) from May 2003 to August 2010.Another 42 patients treated with medications alone were selected as controls.Compared with the control group (4.32 ± 0.23),postoperative dysphagia scores improved significantly in patients undergoing VATET(9.21 ±0.41).And so did the dysphagia assessment classification (P <0.05).Thus VATET could effectively and definitely relieve dysphagia in patients with bulbar myasthenia gravis.

20.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 309-312, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436376

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the local immune response in condyloma acuminatum treated with aminolevulinic acid-photodynamic therapy (ALA-PDT).Methods In vitro and in vivo studies were performed.A previously established keratinocyte cell line human papilloma virus (HPV) 16E7/HaCaT which stably expresses HPV16E7 protein was used in this study.Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were separated from 10 healthy volunteers.After pretreatment with ALA-PDT,HPV16E7/HaCaT cells were cocultured with the PBMCs for 3 hours in a Transwell chamber followed by the observation of chemotactic migration of PBMCs.Tissue samples were obtained from the lesions of 10 patients with condyloma acuminatum before,and at 1,2,3 and 48 hours after the first session of ALA-PDT.Immunohistochemistry was conducted to determine the number of CD4+ T cells,CD8+ T cells and CD68+ macrophages as well as CD4/CD8 T-cell ratio in the tissue samples.Results After 3-hour coculture with HPV16E7/HaCaT cells pretreated by ALA-PDT,PBMCs showed apparent chemotactic migration.Immunohistochemistry revealed a statistical increase in the number of CD4+ T cells,CD8+ T cells and CD4/CD8 T-cell ratio at 48 hours (all P < 0.05),as well as in the number of CD68+ macrophages at 3 hours and 48 hours (both P < 0.05) after the first session of ALA-PDT.Conclusion ALA-PDT may induce local antiviral immune response in condyloma acuminatum.

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