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1.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873937

ABSTRACT

A 51-year-old man was referred to our hospital with pain and coldness of the upper left extremity. Contrasted computed tomography revealed a silhouette protruding into the aortic arch. Peripheral embolism in upper left extremity by tumor or thrombosis was suspected. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a mobile mass in the aortic arch. To prevent recurrent embolization, the mass and the aortic arch to which the mass was attached were excised and partial arch replacement was performed under cardiopulmonary bypass. Histologically, the mass was a fibrin thrombus with no malignancy. The aortic wall showed only mild atherosclerosis of the intima. No thrombotic predisposition such as protein S or C deficiency or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome was observed. Anticoagulant therapy was started and the patient was discharged on postoperative day 10 without recurrent thromboembolism. Three years have passed since the operation and there is no recurrence of thromboembolism.

2.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873936

ABSTRACT

A 79-year-old woman presented to our hospital with high energy trauma. Enhanced CT revealed injury to the aortic arch. The left carotid artery was pulled out due to extension force and a drawing out lesion formed. Cardiopulmonary bypass was established with cannulation of the right femoral artery and the right atrium, and systemic cooling was started. We opened the aortic arch with deep hypothermic circulatory arrest, and detected a 10 mm drawing out lesion at the bottom of the left carotid artery. Aortic arch was transected at the distal of the left carotid artery to exclude the drawing out lesion, and partial arch replacement was performed. The patient's postoperative course was uneventful, and she was discharged from our hospital without any complication.

3.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886202

ABSTRACT

Blunt traumatic rupture of the heart carries a high mortality rate. Anatomical injuries have included the atrium, appendage and ventricle but injury to the left appendage has been reported very rarely. We present the case of a 71-year-old female who was a driver in a motor collision with major front-end damage where air bags were deployed. After being intubated and receiving pericardiocentesis for cardiac tamponade at an advanced critical care and emergency medical center, the patient was taken to our hospital and emergently to the operating room for exploration. There was brisk bleeding coming from a 2 cm laceration on the left atrial appendage. The injury was repaired using 4-0 polypropylene felt pledget-supported horizontal mattress sutures on the beating heart with the assistance of cardiopulmonary bypass. The present report describes this patient and our findings from a literature review.

4.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825925

ABSTRACT

An 87-year-old man underwent a transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) for severe aortic stenosis. Approximately 8 months later, he was readmitted to our institution because of a cerebral infarction. Viridans Streptococcus was identified from the blood culture, and transesophageal echocardiography revealed a mobile mass on the leaflet. Prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) was diagnosed and we initially administered intravenous antibiotic therapy for 4 weeks, after which the patient underwent surgical aortic valve replacement. Herein, we report on the surgical AVR in the patient using a pericardial valve after successful removal of the infected prosthetic valve, and discuss some issues related to this rare complication after TAVI.

5.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837408

ABSTRACT

The patient was a 34-year-old woman who had been routinely monitored after receiving a childhood diagnosis of partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection, but unilaterally discontinued follow-up examinations after the age of 18. At 33 years of age, she was admitted to our hospital after a physical examination revealed an abnormal shadow on a chest X-ray. Transthoracic echocardiography detected an atrial septal defect (ASD), and contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed that the right lower pulmonary vein drained to the inferior vena cava. The patient was diagnosed with scimitar syndrome with ASD. Cardiac catheterization showed a pulmonary/systemic flow ratio (Qp/Qs) of 2.48 and a left-to-right shunt rate of 59.7%. Surgical treatment was deemed to be indicated. The right lower pulmonary vein was anastomosed to the anterolateral wall of the right atrium, and an intra-atrial baffle repair was performed from the orifice within the right atrium to the left atrium through the existing ASD using untreated fresh autologous pericardium. Two years after the operation, good blood flow was maintained within the baffle with no stenosis at the anastomotic site. This report describes a rare case of scimitar syndrome with ASD in an adult woman, and provides a review of the existing literature.

6.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-375911

ABSTRACT

We describe successful surgical treatment of a right coronary artery aneurysm associated with a fistula to the right atrium (RA). The patient was a 50-year-old man who complained of palpitations. ECG showed supraventricular extrasystole, and coronary CT revealed a remarkably dilated and undulating fistulous tract originating from the region corresponding to the orifice of the normal right coronary artery (RCA). The fistulous tract detoured to the posterior wall of the RA. An RCA of normal size originating from the midway of the fistulous tract was observed. The patient was operated on under cardio-pulmonary bypass. An aortocoronary bypass was performed, using a radial artery graft to section of the RCA that had a normal diameter. The RCA was subsequently ligated at the proximal side of the anastomosis. The orifice of the fistulous tract from the aorta was closed with a patch, and the entrance to the RA was also closed with mattress sutures. The postoperative recovery was uneventful, and he was discharged on the 19th postoperative day. Currently, the patient has been doing well without any complaints at 2 years postoperatively.

7.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-375906

ABSTRACT

We report a case of a 24-year-old woman who presented with orthopnea, in whom an echocardiographic exam showed a very large mass in the left atrium. We diagnosed this as cardiac failure due to the tumor occupying it. Although the tumor malignancy remained unclear, we had to perform emergency surgery to excise the tumor. The tumor was excised in its entirety, including the interatrial septum and a large segment of the left atrial wall. We reconstructed them with the autologous pericardium. The pathological diagnosis was undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma. Conventional adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy was performed. Primary cardiac malignant tumor prognosis is very poor, but she has survived over 1 year without recurrent symptoms after complete excision and adjuvant therapy. In addition to reporting this case, we discussed the diagnosis and treatment of undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma.

8.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-362943

ABSTRACT

Acute aortopulmonary artery fistula is a rare but potentially fatal disorder. We encountered a case in which this disorder was successfully treated by urgent total arch graft replacement and repair of the left pulmonary artery. A 74-year-old man was referred to Shizuoka City Hospital with a 2-day history of worsening dyspnea and thoracic aortic aneurysm. The patient had a history of hypertension and dyslipidemia. Physical examination showed diastolic hypotension, marked peripheral coldness, and systolic murmur. Arterial blood gas analysis showed severe metabolic acidosis with base excess of −16 mmol/<i>l</i>. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed an aortic arch aneurysm on the lesser curvature, almost obstructing the left pulmonary artery. A Swan-Ganz catheter study confirmed severe low-output syndrome and uncompensated congestive heart failure. After amelioration of critically ill conditions with dopamine, milrinone, and carperitide, oxymetry revealed significant left-to-right shunt with Qp/Qs=3.2 at the pulmonary artery level. Acute aortopulmonary artery fistula was diagnosed and urgent surgery was planned. Transesophageal echocardiography showed systolic shunt flow from the aneurysm into the left pulmonary artery. Surgery was performed through a median sternotomy. Aortic arch graft replacement with a 24-mm Dacron graft and repair of the left pulmonary artery with an equine pericardial patch were accomplished under hypothermic circulatory arrest and selective antegrade cerebral perfusion. Flooding of pulmonary circulation until circulatory arrest was prevented by manual control through the main pulmonary artery incision. Postoperative recovery was uneventful, and the patient is doing well at one year postoperatively.

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