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Palliative Care Research ; : 514-517, 2012.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-374720


<b>Introduction</b>: Mirtazapine is a noradrenergic and specific serotonergic antidepressant (NaSSA) and the previous reports show that may reduce nausea by inhibition of the serotonin 5-HT3receptor. <b>Case report</b>: A 38-year-old woman with advanced renal cancer with distant metastases was administered by sunitinib and oxycodone. Refractory nausea and vomiting developed during the course and mirtazapine at a daily dose of 1.875 mg was begun. The patient's nausea improved during the next day, and furthermore, by increasing the daily dose to 3.75 mg, vomiting was also improved on the third day. The therapy could be continued without withdrawal of sunitinib and oxycodone due to digestive symptoms. Although somnolence might be induced at a daily dose of 15 mg, the present low-dose mirtazapine could improve digestive symptoms without somnolence. <b>Conclusion</b>: We conclude that low-dose mirtazapine is one effective option for refractory nausea and vomiting during administration of sunitinib and oxycodone.

Palliative Care Research ; : 340-343, 2011.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-374701


This paper presents the case of a man in his 70's with local advanced bladder cancer with hospital-developed Fournier's gangrene. The patient was hospitalized at the palliative care unit, and drainage with incision of the scrotum for symptom relief was performed to relieve severe pain. The patient experienced pain only during changing of the wound's dressing and no pain at rest after the operation. Furthermore, he reached his birthday and spent time in peace with his family. Fournier's gangrene is the necrotizing fasciitis of perineal and anal lesions, in which inflammation progresses rapidly in wide lesions, and it is associated with a high mortality rate. For Fournier's gangrene in a terminally ill patient, current agreement might depend on the patient's goal of treatment. The drainage provided for spiritual care of the patient and his family as well as pain relief. In conclusion, local drainage for Fournier's gangrene can be feasible as a choice of palliative treatment. Palliat Care Res 2011; 6(2): 340-343