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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 590-594, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817316

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the effects of different penetration enhancers on in vitro transdermal permeation of Flavaspidic acid BB cream. METHODS :Flavaspidic acid BB cream was prepared ,containing 11 kinds of different penetration enhancers as 1% azone,2% azone,3% azone,4% azone,1% menthol,1% propylene glycol ,1% oleic acid ,1% azone+1% menthol,1% azone+1% propanediol,1% azone+1% oleic acid or 1% menthol+1% propanediol. Modified Franz diffusion cell was adopted using abdominal skin of isolated male rat as transdermal barrier. The content of flavaspidic acid BB was determined by UPLC. The accumulative transdermal amount (Q24 h)and percutaneous permeability (Jss)within 24 h were calculated ;and compared with Flavaspidic acid BB cream without transdermal enhancer ,the enhancement ratio (ER)was calculated. RESULTS : Q24 h of Flavaspidic acid BB cream with above 11 kinds of transdermal enhancers were (82.96±7.15),(80.17±0.66),(78.22± 1.87),(73.53±1.24),(35.65±2.23),(34.02±1.73),(42.68±2.66),(33.94±1.37),(34.16±1.54),(46.78±1.21),(43.66±1.69) μg/cm2,respectively. Jss value were (5.26±0.10),(4.69±0.12),(4.45±0.45),(4.00±0.06),(3.74±0.33),(3.23±0.18), (3.73±0.53),(3.14±0.47),(3.54±0.11),(3.98±0.34),(4.34±0.14)μg(/ cm2·h),respectively. ER were 2.055,1.831,1.738, 1.564,1.462,1.263,1.456,1.227,1.385,1.557,1.698,respectively. CONCLUSIONS :All of the above transdermal absorption enhancers can enhance the percutaneous absorption of Flavaspidic acid BB cream ,among which ,1% azone is the best.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871901

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect serum levels of immunoglobulin E (IgE), soluble version of the IgE-binding alpha-chain of Fcepsilon-RI (sFcεRIα), immunoglobulin G (IgG) anti-IgE, IgG anti-FcεRI in patients with chronic urticaria(CU), and to evaluate their relevanceMethods:Forty-three newly diagnosed patient with CU were enrolled. Thirty-seven patients with dermatitis or eczema and 51 healthy subjects were selected as the disease control (DC) and normal control (NC) group, respectively.Serum IgE was detected by immunoturbidimetry; serum anti-IgE, anti-FcεR Ⅰ and sFcεR Ⅰ α were determined byenzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) methods. Statistical analysis was carried out by non-parametric test for comparisons of the above variables between groups, and by Spearman correlation analysis for assessment of relationships between the variables as well as between the variables and disease severity, and by receiver operating characteristic curve to analyze the diagnostic value of the variables.Results:Serum IgE, anti-IgE and anti-FcεRI in CU were significantly higher than that of NC.Their medians are 65.70 IU/ml vs 17.10 IU/ml,χ 2=28.541, P=0.001;0.61 vs 0.39,χ 2=27.408, P=0.001;0.64 vs 0.51, χ 2=29.102, P<0.001.Serumanti-FcεRI in CU was significantly lower than that in NC(0.64 vs 0.83,χ 2=25.869, P=0.007).The medians of serum sFcεRIα in CU, DC and NC groups were 5.74,5.38,4.50 ng/ml, respectively. The difference was not statistically significant,χ 2=3.463, P=0.177.There was a positive correlation between IgE and sFcεR Ⅰ α, anti-IgE and anti-FcεRI( r=0.455, P<0.001; r=0.611, P<0.001).No significant correlation was showed between the four variables and the course of disease or the severity of symptoms, P>0.05. The diagnostic performances of IgE, anti-FcεRI for CU were similar (AUC=0.72),which were better than that of sFcεRIα (AUC=0.61).The highest diagnostic efficacy (AUC=0.83) can be achieved by four joint tests.Anti-FcεRI is of value in differential diagnosis of CU and DC, AUC=0.7, P=0.002. Conclusion:The levels of serum IgE, anti-IgE, anti-FcεRI were significantly increased in CU patients, and these mast cell activation-related molecules have the potential to be diagnostic markers for CU.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797747

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The accurate measurement of anti-IgE levels in patients′ serum helps for make diagnosis of chronic urticaria (CU). An indirect ELISA method for quantitative detection of IgG anti-IgE, were established.@*Methods@#The serum samples and the clinical data of 75 first-diagnosed CU patients and 120 healthy controls were collected at Shanghai General Hospital during the year of 2018. In the indirect ELISA system to measure the IgG (anti-human IgE), the antigen, Human IgE Myeloma, was coated on the plate; Omalizumab (a humanized anti-human IgE antibody) was the standard, and horse radish peroxidase (HRP)-labeled anti-human IgG was the tracer. The optimum concentrations of serum and HRP-labeled anti-human IgG were determined by chessboard titration, and method evaluation was conducted. The comparison of serum anti-IgE levels in CU patients and healthy people were analyzed by Mann-Whitney U test and chi-square test. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were applied to establish the diagnostic performance of serum anti-IgE for CU.@*Results@#The coating concentration of IgE was 5.0×10-4 mg/ml; serum dilution was 1∶300; enzyme-labeled antibody dilution was 1∶100 000. Standard curve was in good linearity with R2=0.996. The intra-and inter-assay coefficient of variation were 3.9%-7.5% and 6.0%-8.2%, and the recovery rate of low and high concentration samples were 95.9% and 108.4%, respectively. When hemoglobin≤1.3 g/L, triglyceride≤4.6 mmol/L, bilirubin≤171 μmol/L, no interference were observed. The limit of blank, limit of detection, and limit of quantitation were 5.8×10-4, 1.8×10-3, and 2.0×10-3 mg/ml. The linearity range was from 2.0×10-3 to 354.4 mg/ml. No Hook effect was found until anti-IgE reached 354.4 mg/ml. The anti-IgE remained stable after serum storage at 4 ℃ overnight or treated with 6 repeated freeze-thaw cycles. The anti-IgE levels in CU patients [19.0(1.9, 58.6)mg/ml] were significantly higher than those in healthy controls [0.7(0.002, 11.1)mg/ml] with P<0.001. When cut-off value was set as 15.3 mg/ml, in this method, the positive rate of CU patients (54.7%) was significantly higher than these of healthy controls (18.3%) (P<0.001, AUC=0.736).@*Conclusions@#The indirect ELISA method for serum anti-IgE measurement was successfully established. Anti-IgE autoantibodies in serum would be used in the diagnosis of CU.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775796

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the molecular basis for a Chinese family affected with neurofibromatosis type I.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples were collected from the proband and his parents. Potential mutations of NF1 gene were screened by PCR and Sanger sequencing. Pathogenicity of candidate mutations was analyzed using Polyphen-2 and Provean software.@*RESULTS@#Two mutations of the NF1 gene, including c.702G>A (synonymous mutation) and c.1733T>G (missense mutation), were discovered in the proband. Neither mutation was found in his parents and 50 healthy controls. Bioinformatics analysis indicated that the c.1733T>G mutation (p.Leu578Arg) was probably damaging. The affected codon L578 is highly conserved across various species.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.1733T>C mutation of the NF1 gene probably underlies the neurofibromatosis type I in this family.


Subject(s)
Asians , Genes, Neurofibromatosis 1 , Humans , Mutation , Neurofibromatosis 1 , Genetics , Neurofibromin 1 , Genetics , Pedigree
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756505

ABSTRACT

Objective The accurate measurement of anti-IgE levels in patients' serum helps for make diagnosis of chronic urticaria (CU). An indirect ELISA method for quantitative detection of IgG anti-IgE, were established. Methods The serum samples and the clinical data of 75 first-diagnosed CU patients and 120 healthy controls were collected at Shanghai General Hospital during the year of 2018. In the indirect ELISA system to measure the IgG (anti-human IgE), the antigen, Human IgE Myeloma, was coated on the plate;Omalizumab (a humanized anti-human IgE antibody) was the standard, and horse radish peroxidase (HRP)-labeled anti-human IgG was the tracer. The optimum concentrations of serum and HRP-labeled anti-human IgG were determined by chessboard titration, and method evaluation was conducted. The comparison of serum anti-IgE levels in CU patients and healthy people were analyzed by Mann-Whitney U test and chi-square test. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were applied to establish the diagnostic performance of serum anti-IgE for CU. Results The coating concentration of IgEwas 5.0 × 10-4 mg/ml; serum dilution was 1:300; enzyme-labeled antibody dilution was 1:100000. Standard curve was in good linearity with R2=0.996. The intra-and inter-assay coefficient of variation were 3.9%-7.5% and 6.0%-8.2%, and the recovery rate of low and high concentration samples were 95.9% and 108.4%, respectively. When hemoglobin≤1.3 g/L, triglyceride≤4.6 mmol/L, bilirubin≤171μmol/L, no interference were observed. The limit of blank, limit of detection, and limit of quantitation were 5.8 × 10-4, 1.8 × 10-3, and 2.0 × 10-3 mg/ml. The linearity range was from 2.0 × 10-3 to 354.4 mg/ml. No Hook effect was found until anti-IgE reached 354.4 mg/ml. The anti-IgE remained stable after serum storage at 4℃overnight or treated with 6 repeated freeze-thaw cycles. The anti-IgE levels in CU patients [19.0(1.9, 58.6)mg/ml] were significantly higher than those in healthy controls [0.7(0.002, 11.1)mg/ml] with P<0.001. When cut-off value was set as 15.3 mg/ml, in this method, the positive rate of CU patients (54.7%) was significantly higher than these of healthy controls (18.3%) (P<0.001, AUC=0.736). Conclusions The indirect ELISA method for serum anti-IgE measurement was successfully established. Anti-IgE autoantibodies in serum would be used in the diagnosis of CU.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618728

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the inductive action of docosapentenoic acid(DPA) on neurite outgrowth in PC12 cells in vitro.MethodsNeurite outgrowth in PC12 cells was examined after the treatment with different concentration of DPA using Motic Zamges Plus software mapping cell image system.Western blot was performed to detect the expression of β Ⅲ-tubulin regulated protein kinase,a neuronal marker as well as ERK and protein kinase B (Akt) phosphorylation.ResultsPC12 cell neurite formation rate was increased in a concentration dependent manner in the induction of DPA,increased by 2.4% (DPA 10 μg/ml,P>0.05),18.6% (DPA 30 μg/ml,P<0.05) and 25.0% (DPA 50 μg/ml,P<0.05) compared with that in the control group.DPA promoted the expression of β Ⅲ-tubulin (P<0.05) and the phosphorylation level of ERK and Akt (P<0.05,P<0.01).ConclusionDPA promotes PC12 cell neurites growth and its mechanism may be related to the activation of ERK and Akt signaling pathways.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696056

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to observe the clinical effect and quality of life (QOL) of Si-Zi (SZ) powder for hot compress to improve gastrointestinal functions of hemodialysis patients.A total of 60 hemodialysis patients were randomly divided into the treatment group and the control group.Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale (GSRS) and QOL of both groups before and after the treatment of SZ powder were compared continuously.The results showed that after intervention,the total relieve rate was 96.7% in treatment group,and 53.3% in the control group.The effect of SZ powder group was to obviously improve the gastrointestinal symptoms and QOL (P < 0.05).It was concluded that SZ powder for hot compress can improve gastrointestinal functions and increase QOL of hemodialysis patients.

8.
Progress in Modern Biomedicine ; (24): 4601-4605, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614742

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study aimed to identify the morphology of mast cells by using a modified toluidine blue staining scheme,so as to provide a powerful reference for the experimental basis research of mast cells.Methods:Bone marrow-derived mast cells were induced in vitro.After 4 weeks,the cells were collected,fixed,and stained.Mast cells were fixed at different temperature during different time.The optimum condition was determined by comparing the effects of toluidine blue staining.Results:Bone marrow cells were induced to differentiate into mast cells by SCF and IL-3 in vitro.When mast cells were stained with modified toluidine blue staining,the staining effect was better.Mast cells were round or oval and the cell membrane was complete and the cytoplasm was filled with a large number of purple particles.Conclusion:In this study,we successfully applied a modified toluidine blue staining method to mast cells cultured in vitro.The results showed that the condition at 37 ℃ full fixation with staining could reduce the degeneration of mast cells.This method was easy to operate with good stability.It was suitable for the morphological observation of mast cells cultured in vitro.

9.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 4186-4189, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503002

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the abdominal and pelvic adipose tissue volume and distribution in patients with malignant gynecologic tumor and benign gynecologic disease prospectively .Methods Eighty patients with malignant gynecologic tumor and eighty patients with benign gynecologic disease were underwent abdominal and pelvic CT scan by 64‐slice spiral CT and QCT cali‐bration phantom .The area and the volume of TAT ,VAT ,SAT of abdomen and(or) pelvis(TFV ,VFV ,SFV and VFV/SFV) were measured and calculated .The differences between the malignant gynecologic tumor group and the benign gynecologic disease group and between the different stages or types of malignant gynecologic tumor groups were compared ,then the distribution of AT was analyzed .Results (1)Except the VFV of abdomen and pelvis ,there were differences in TFV ,VFV and SFV between the malignant gynecologic tumor group and the benign gynecologic disease group(P0 .05) .There were differences in VFV/SFV between the early‐stage and the benign gynecologic disease group and between the advanced‐stage and the benign gynecologic dis‐ease group(P0 .05) .(3)There was no difference in abdominal and pelvic TFV ,VFV ,SFV ,VFV/SFV between the en‐dometrial carcinoma and the cervical carcinoma group(P>0 .05) .(4)There were positive correlations between abdominal or pelvic VFV ,SFV and abdominal and pelvic TFV ,the abdominal SFV was the highest .Conclusion The patients with malignant gyneco‐logic tumor ,especially in the early‐stage ,were much fatter than the patients with benign gynecologic disease .In malignant gyneco‐logic tumor patients ,the SAT increased more significantly than the VAT ,and had the highest correlation with TAT ,and was the mainly composition of obesity .

10.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1559-1561, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502882

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the CT features of ovarian cystadenofibroma(CFA)and to improve the diagnostic accuracy. Methods The clinical data and CT images of 7 patients with ovarian CFA were retrospectively analyzed.All cases underwent non-enhanced and contrast-enhanced CT scan.Results Ovarian lesions were unilateral in 5 cases,bilateral in 2 cases and totally 9 lesions were found.6 lesions were cystic,2 lesions were mainly solid and 1 lesion was mixed components.The maximum diameter of lesions ranged from 4.7-21.5 cm with an average of 8.2 cm.Lesions had smooth margins,and solid portions had different size vesicles. Cyst walls or septa showed various degree of thickening with calcification in 1 lesion and mural nodules in 5 lesions,and a small vesicle was visualized in only 1 of the mural nodules.Cystic portions appeared as fluid density without enhancement.Solid portions,thickened cyst walls and septa appeared as slight enhancement or no enhancement.No regional lymph node metastasis was found,no ascites or peritoneal implants as well.Conclusion Ovarian CFA has some characteristic of CT findings that may improve clinical diagnosis and differential diagnosis.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418106

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the diagnostic value of ultrasonography (USG) and contrast-enhanced computer tomography (CT) for thyroid carcinoma.MethodsThe results of the review of the preoperative CT and those of the original US reports were compared with the histopathologic results in 73 cases of thyroid carcinoma who underwent radical operation and central compartment dissection from November 2009 to November 2011.ResultsThe final diagnostic rate of thyroid carcinoma with USG was 69.9%,CT of that was 80.8%.There were no significant difference between them (P =0.077).The diagnostic rate of metastatic lymph node in the central compartment with USG was 61.6%,positive predictive value was 64.0%,negative predictive value was 60.4%.The diagnostic rate of metastatic lymph node in the central compartment with CT was 67.1%,positive predictive value was 61.7%,negative predictive value was 76.9%.There were not significant difference between them(P =0.848,P =0.152,P =0.489).Conclusion There was no significant difference between USG and CT in The final diagnostic rate of thyroid carcinoma and its lymph node metastasis in the central compartment.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-393863

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo discuss the application of medical elastic stockings in nursing of patients with deep venous thrombosis formation. Methods62 patients diagnosed as acute lower limbs deep ve-nous thrombosis from January, 2005 to January, 2008 were randomly divided into the experimental group and the control groups with 31 patients in each group, the control group took general nursing measures, the experimental group used the medical elastic stockings based on the general care measures, The inci-dence of post- thrombosis syndrome was observed in two groups and underwent χ2 test. ResultsAfter two years follow- up, 2 patients relapsed and 3 patients appeared post- thrombosis syndrome in the experimental group, 8 patients relapsed and 10 patients had post-thrombosis syndrome in the control group. The relapse rate and incidence rate of peat-thrombosis syndrome in the control group were higher than those of the experimental group. ConclusionsThe use of medical elastic stockings can prevent acute lower limbs deep venous throm-bosis, and can reduce the symptoms of post-thrombosis syndrome, which deserves to be spread widely.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-393299

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the effect of psychological intervention on children patients after the operation of pedo-oblique inguinal hernia. Methods 960 children patients were randomly divided into the experimental and the control groups with 480 cases in each group, the control group adopted routine nursing measures, the experimental group also received psychological intervention based upon base nursing. The postoperative pain, wound flare and the recurrence of the two groups were compared. Results 193 patients had postoperative pain, 2 patients had wound flare and 3 patients recurred in the experimental group. 310 patients had postoperative pain,36 patients had wound flare and 11 patients recurred in the control group. Conclusions Psychological intervention can decrease the postoperative complication of pedooblique inguinal hernia, psychological nursing must be paid attention to in nursing work.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-400243

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the ultrasonographical characteristics of placental abruption, especially the light placental abruption that was diagnosed by color Doppler ultrasonic combining with enhancement Doppler E-flow imaging, providing diagnosis data for clinical treatment. Methods With color Doppler ultrasonic and enhancement Doppler E-flow imaging, an analysis was made on the ultrasonography and clinical result of 50 patients with heavy placental abruption and 23 patients with light placental abruption. Results The diagnosis and clinical treatment of 50 patients with heavy placental abruption who had been diagnosed by color Doppler ultrasonic combining with enhancement Doppler E-flow imaging were in conformity with the postnatal pathological diagnosis. The coincidence rate in diagnosis was 100%. Of 23 patients with light placental abruption who had been diagnosed by color Doppler ultrasonic combining with enhancement E-flow Doppler imaging, 19 cases' diagnosis and clinical treatment were in accordance with their postnatal pathological diagnosis and the coincidence rate was 83%, 4 cases were misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis. Of 73 patients with placental abruption, 60 cases were carried out caesarean birth and 13 cases performed natural labor. Conclusion The enhancement Doppler E-flow imaging combining with color Doppler ultrasonic can accurately diagnose the heavy placental abruption and also provide a new method for the diagnosis of light placental abruption and perform a dynamic monitoring for the treatment transfer result of it.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-597416

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application of high-frequency color Doppler in the diagnosis of infant intussusception and the selection of reduction mode according tO the hemodynamic situations of intussusception intestine tube and blood vessel in mesentery.Methods A total of 377 cases of doubtful intussusception infants wete checked by high-frequency color Doppler.After they had been diagnosed,the hemodynamic situations of intussuscepiton intestine tube and blood vessel in mesentery were carefully observed and the ultra-sound had 3 types and then the hydrostatic enema reduction was chosen as treatment method.Results A total of 263 cases was diagnosed by highfrequency colot Doppler with rate of coincidence of 100%.Among them are 253 successful cases reduced by hydrostatic enema.The successful rate of reduction was 96.2%and the 10 failed cases were changed to be treated bv operation.The intestinal wall of intussusception tube in failure group had serious dropsy without blood flow shown.Conclusions It is accurate that the infant intussusception is diagnosed by high-frequency color Doppler.According to the hemodynamic situations of intussusceptin intestine tube and blood vessel in mesentery,the infant intussusception can be divided into 3 types as follows:type Ⅰ:the blood signal of intestinal tube and wall is up or normal,which shall be reduced by hydrostatic enema;type Ⅱ:the blood signal of intestinal tube and wall is small with high obstruction index,which shall be reduced by hydrostatic enema as possible as it can;type Ⅲ:the intestinal wall has serious dropsy with rather high obstruction index and without blood flow shown,in which the hydrostatic enema redHetion shall bebanned and the operation shall be carried out as soon as possible.

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