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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004671

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo systematically review the effect of rhythmic auditory stimulation on gait of patients with cerebral palsy. MethodsRelevant literature on gait improvement of patient with cerebral palsy by rhythmic auditory stimulation were retrieved from Web of Science, PubMed, EBSCO, CNKI and Wanfang database from establishment to December, 2022. Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) scale was used to evaluate the methodological quality of the articles, and the relevant data was extracted. A systematic review was conducted. ResultsA total of 1 339 literatures were retrieved, and ten were finally included. The patients mainly came from America, Egypt, Israel, South Korea and Greece. The intervention sites were mainly in hospitals and communities, and some patients received home-based intervention. The publication date was mainly after 2010. Adding rhythmic auditory stimulation on the basis of conventional rehabilitation training increased the range of motion of the joints of patients with cerebral palsy; improved the walking speed, step length and stride length; improved the movement mode, and enhanced the intervention effect of gait training. ConclusionRhythmic auditory stimulation is effective on the range of motion, walking speed, step length and stride length of patient with spastic cerebral palsy, which can improve gait.

2.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 429-433, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996252

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the difference of dose distribution between intensity-modulated photon radiotherapy (IMRT) and intensity-modulated proton radiotherapy (IMPT) in patients with non-small cell lung cancer.Methods:The clinical data of 8 patients with stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ non-small cell lung cancer who received radiotherapy in Ion Medical center of the First Affiliated Hospital of University of Science and Technology of China from November 2020 to April 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. IMRT and IMPT radiotherapy plans were created for each patient separately, the main evaluation indicators were targeted area dose distribution parameters [homogeneity index (HI), conformity index (CI) and the percent volume of volume wrapped by 95% and 100% of prescription dose profile in the targeted area (V 95% and V 100%)], and the average dose (D mean) to the organ at risk and the percent volume of a certain relative biological effect (RBE) dose exposure [D mean, V 5 Gy(RBE) and V 20 Gy(RBE) of ipsilateral lung, D mean, V 5 Gy(RBE) and V 20 Gy(RBE) of bilateral lung, D mean, V 30 Gy(RBE) and V 40 Gy(RBE) of heart, maximum dose (D max) of spinal cord, and D mean of esophageal]. Results:In comparison with IMRT, IMPT reduced the levels of dose parameters in bilateral lung, ipsilateral lung, spinal cord, esophagus, and heart with statistically significant differences (all P < 0.05), especially in D mean of bilateral lung [(4.1±1.8) Gy (RBE) vs. (6.9±1.9) Gy (RBE)], V 5 Gy(RBE) [(15.9±7.1) % vs. (28.5±8.6)%], V 20 Gy(RBE) [(7.4±3.5)% vs. (10.1±3.5)%], and D mean of ipsilateral lung [(9.1±4.5) Gy (RBE) vs. (11.9±3.3) Gy (RBE)], all decreased significantly (all P < 0.001), but the differences in the levels of targeted area dose distribution parameters between them were not statistically significant (all P > 0.05). Conclusions:For patients with non-small cell lung cancer, IMPT is superior to IMRT in the protection of bilateral lung, ipsilateral lung, spinal cord, esophagus and heart.

3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1468-1477, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980943

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Congenital scoliosis (CS) is a complex spinal malformation of unknown etiology with abnormal bone metabolism. Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), secreted by osteoblasts and osteocytes, can inhibit bone formation and mineralization. This research aims to investigate the relationship between CS and FGF23.@*METHODS@#We collected peripheral blood from two pairs of identical twins for methylation sequencing of the target region. FGF23 mRNA levels in the peripheral blood of CS patients and age-matched controls were measured. Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve analyses were conducted to evaluate the specificity and sensitivity of FGF23. The expression levels of FGF23 and its downstream factors fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFr3)/tissue non-specific alkaline phosphatase (TNAP)/osteopontin (OPN) in primary osteoblasts from CS patients (CS-Ob) and controls (CT-Ob) were detected. In addition, the osteogenic abilities of FGF23-knockdown or FGF23-overexpressing Ob were examined.@*RESULTS@#DNA methylation of the FGF23 gene in CS patients was decreased compared to that of their identical twins, accompanied by increased mRNA levels. CS patients had increased peripheral blood FGF23 mRNA levels and decreased computed tomography (CT) values compared with controls. The FGF23 mRNA levels were negatively correlated with the CT value of the spine, and ROCs of FGF23 mRNA levels showed high sensitivity and specificity for CS. Additionally, significantly increased levels of FGF23, FGFr3, OPN, impaired osteogenic mineralization and lower TNAP levels were observed in CS-Ob. Moreover, FGF23 overexpression in CT-Ob increased FGFr3 and OPN levels and decreased TNAP levels, while FGF23 knockdown induced downregulation of FGFr3 and OPN but upregulation of TNAP in CS-Ob. Mineralization of CS-Ob was rescued after FGF23 knockdown.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our results suggested increased peripheral blood FGF23 levels, decreased bone mineral density in CS patients, and a good predictive ability of CS by peripheral blood FGF23 levels. FGF23 may contribute to osteopenia in CS patients through FGFr3/TNAP / OPN pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteopontin/genetics , Alkaline Phosphatase/metabolism , Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 3/metabolism , Scoliosis/genetics , Osteoblasts/metabolism , Calcinosis , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/metabolism , Fibroblast Growth Factors/genetics
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2077-2085, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007519

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Osteopenia has been well documented in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs) are a crucial regulator of bone homeostasis. Our previous study revealed a decreased osteogenic ability of BMSCs in AIS-related osteopenia, but the underlying mechanism of this phenomenon remains unclear.@*METHODS@#A total of 22 AIS patients and 18 age-matched controls were recruited for this study. Anthropometry and bone mass were measured in all participants. Bone marrow blood was collected for BMSC isolation and culture. Osteogenic and adipogenic induction were performed to observe the differences in the differentiation of BMSCs between the AIS-related osteopenia group and the control group. Furthermore, a total RNA was extracted from isolated BMSCs to perform RNA sequencing and subsequent analysis.@*RESULTS@#A lower osteogenic capacity and increased adipogenic capacity of BMSCs in AIS-related osteopenia were revealed. Differences in mRNA expression levels between the AIS-related osteopenia group and the control group were identified, including differences in the expression of LRRC17 , DCLK1 , PCDH7 , TSPAN5 , NHSL2 , and CPT1B . Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes enrichment analyses revealed several biological processes involved in the regulation of autophagy and mitophagy. The Western blotting results of autophagy markers in BMSCs suggested impaired autophagic activity in BMSCs in the AIS-related osteopenia group.@*CONCLUSION@#Our study revealed that BMSCs from AIS-related osteopenia patients have lower autophagic activity, which may be related to the lower osteogenic capacity and higher adipogenic capacity of BMSCs and consequently lead to the lower bone mass in AIS patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Scoliosis/genetics , Cell Differentiation/physiology , Osteogenesis/genetics , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/genetics , Kyphosis , Autophagy/genetics , Bone Marrow Cells , Cells, Cultured , Doublecortin-Like Kinases
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-975148

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore sleep disturbance in preschool children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and analyze the relationship between sleep disturbance and social behavior. MethodsFrom December, 2020 to December, 2022, 221 preschool children with ASD from Beijing Bo'ai Hospital and other two institutes, and 246 healthy preschool children socially recruited were investigated with Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ). A total of 47 ASD children and 47 healthy children were selected from them to wear a sleep monitoring watch for seven days, while the ASD children were evaluated with Gesell Development Diagnosis Scale (GDDS), Psychoeducational Profile-Third Edition (PEP-3), Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-2 (ADOS), Autism Behavior Checklist (ABC), Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) and Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS). ResultsAll the factor-scores were more in the ASD children than in the healthy children (t > 2.491, P < 0.05), except that of daytime sleepiness. The prevalence of sleep disturbance (CSHQ ≥ 41) was 89.6% in ASD children, which was more than that of the healthy children (76.8%) (χ2 = 13.360, P < 0.001). The sleep problems in ASD children included bedtime resistance, sleep anxiety, sleep duration, sleep onset delay, parasomnias and sleep disordered breathing. ASD children were shorter in total bedtime, shorter in total sleep time, longer in sleep latency, longer in awake time and lower in sleep efficiency (|t| > 2.001, P < 0.05), compared with those of healthy children. For ASD children, the total bedtime negatively correlated with GDDS-language, PEP-3-expressive language, PEP-3-communication and PEP-3-maladaptive behaviors (r < -0.300, P < 0.05); the sleep efficiency negatively correlated with total score of CARS (r = -0.365, P < 0.05); sleep latency correlated with GDDS-social, PEP-3-cognitive, PEP-3-expressive language, PEP-3-receptive language, PEP-3-visual-motor imitation, PEP-3-characteristic verbal behaviors, PEP-3-communication, original score of ADOS, ADOS-social affect, and total score of CARS (|r| > 2.90, P < 0.05); and total awake time positively correlated with total score of CARS (r = 0.406, P < 0.05). ConclusionSleep disturbance is prevalent and various in preschool ASD children, and influence their social behaviors.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1054-1067, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929347

ABSTRACT

Esophageal cancer is one of the most lethal cancers worldwide because of its rapid progression and poor prognosis. Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) are two major subtypes of esophageal cancer. ESCC predominantly affects African and Asian populations, which is closely related to chronic smoking and alcohol consumption. EAC typically arises in Barrett's esophagus with a predilection for Western countries. While surgical operation and chemoradiotherapy have been applied to combat this deadly cancer, molecularly targeted therapy is still at the early stages. With the development of large-scale next-generation sequencing, various genomic alterations in ESCC and EAC have been revealed and their potential roles in the initiation and progression of esophageal cancer have been studied. Potential therapeutic targets have been identified and novel approaches have been developed to combat esophageal cancer. In this review, we comprehensively analyze the genomic alterations in EAC and ESCC and summarize the potential role of the genetic alterations in the development of esophageal cancer. Progresses in the therapeutics based on the different tissue types and molecular signatures have also been reviewed and discussed.

7.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1112-1121, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957104

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the surgical strategy of posterior correction of cervicothoracic scoliosis in children and adolescents, and to analyze the curative effect of surgical correction.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted on 14 patients with cervicothoracic scoliosis who underwent surgical treatment in the department of spine surgery of our hospital from January 2014 to June 2020, including 9 female and 5 male patients. 8 patients were treated with Halo traction before surgery.Among them, 7 patients were treated by posterior column osteotomy and fusion surgery, 7 patients were treated byposterior approach hemivertebra osteotomy. The scoliosis Cobb angle, T 1 tilt angle, clavicle angle, neck tilt angle, shoulder height difference, sagittal balance distance, coronal balance distance and local kyphosis angle were measured compared among before operation, after operation, at 1 year follow-up and at the last follow-up to evaluate the effect of surgical treatment and the correction loss at follow-up. Intraoperative and postoperative complications were recorded, and the Scoliosis Research Society question naires-22 (SRS-22) questionnaire was completed preoperatively and at 24-month follow-up to evaluate the functional status and treatment effect. Results:All 14 patients successfully completed the operation, the operation time was 6.85±1.79 h (range, 5-11 h); the intraoperative blood loss was 685.71±265.61 ml (range, 400-1 200 ml), and the follow-up time was 37.28±13.75 months (range, 24-72 months). The Cobb angle of the main curve was 50.20°±15.19° preoperatively, 10.91°±6.46° postoperatively , 10.53°±6.42° at 1-year follow-up, and 10.14°±5.95° at the last follow-up, and the difference was statistically significant ( F=45.55, P<0.001), the preoperative and postoperative difference was statistically significant ( t=10.62, P<0.001) with a correction rate of 78.32%±11.41%. The T 1 inclination angle was 16.08°±8.06° before operation, 3.71°±2.40° after operation, 4.05°±1.94° at 1-year follow-up, and 3.97°±2.04° at the last follow-up, and the difference was statistically significant ( F=10.55, P=0.001), the preoperative and postoperative difference was statistically significant ( t=6.37, P<0.001) with a correction rate of 69.56%±25.86%. The neck tilt angle was 7.45°±3.72° before operation, 2.45°±1.12° after operation, 2.75°±0.89° at 1-year follow-up, and 3.10°±2.01° at the last follow-up, and the difference was statistically significant ( F=6.65, P=0.008), in which postoperative correction rate was 57.92%±25.41%, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=4.69, P<0.001). The data of shoulder height difference before operation did not conform to normal distribution (Shapiro-Wilk test, P=0.017), it was 0.97 (0.54, 1.32) cm before operation and 0.53±0.40 cm after operation, and the postoperative correction rate was 50.17%±27.38%, the difference was statistically significant ( Z=3.18, P=0.001). The total score of SRS-22 questionnaire was increased from 4.21±0.29 preoperatively to 4.81±0.17 at 24-month follow-up ( t=7.35, P<0.001). Except for one patient with transient upper limb numbness, the other 13 patients showed no obvious intraoperative or postoperative complications. Conclusion:Both posterior column osteotomy with fusion and posterior hemivertebra osteotomy are effective in the treatment of cervicothoracic scoliosis, and the surgeon can make individual treatment plans according to different conditions.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930029

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy and adverse reaction of the adjuvant modified FOLFOX6 (mFOLFOX6, oxaliplatin + leucovorin + 5-fluorouracil) combined with bevacizumab regimen after radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in KRAS and BRAF V600E mutant postoperative colorectal cancer patients with inoperable resection of liver metastases. Methods:KRAS, BRAF V600E mutant colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM) patients diagnosed by Shanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital from January 2016 to June 2020 were selec-ted as the research objects. According to the random number table method, they were divided into control group and study group, 40 cases in each group. The patients in the control group were treated with mFOLFOX6 combined with bevacizumab for 6 cycles of 14 days. The patients in the study group were treated with mFOLFOX6 combined with bevacizumab after RFA treatment. One patient in the control group withdrew from the study due to grade 4 neutropenia and one patient due to grade 4 gastrointestinal reaction. In the study group, two patients withdrew from the study due to grade 4 neutropenia and one patient due to grade 4 liver function abnormalities. The short-term efficacy, median overall survival (OS), median progression-free survival (PFS), changes in serum tumor markers CEA and CA199 levels and the occurrence of adverse reactions were compared between the two groups. Results:The objective response rate (ORR) and disease control rate (DCR) in the study group were 54.05% (20/37) and 83.78% (31/37), respectively, which were higher than 28.95% (11/38) and 60.53% (23/38) in the control group, with statistically significant differences ( χ2=4.873, P=0.027; χ2=5.030, P=0.025). The median OS and median PFS in the study group were 23.5 months and 14.6 months, respectively, which were longer than 19.2 months and 10.5 months in the control group, with statistically significant differences ( χ2=7.863, P=0.015; χ2=7.016, P=0.019). Serum tumor markers CEA and CA199 in the study group after treatment were (4.6±1.1) ng/ml and (35.6±5.3) U/ml, respectively, which were lower than (9.5±1.5) ng/ml and (46.6±6.2) U/ml in the control group, with statistically significant differences ( t=8.532, P=0.016; t=7.561, P=0.023). The incidences of bone marrow suppression, gastrointestinal reaction, infection, bleeding and fatigue in the study group were 56.76% (21/37), 75.68% (28/37), 5.41% (2/37), 8.11% (3/37), 51.35% (19/37), and 50.00% (19/38), 65.79% (25/38), 2.63% (1/38), 2.63% (1/38), 42.11% (16/38) in the control group, with no statistically significant differences ( χ2=0.344, P=0.558; χ2=0.884, P=0.347; χ2=0.001, P=0.981; χ2=0.293, P=0.588; χ2=0.644, P=0.422). The incidence of abnormal liver function in the study group was 35.14% (13/37), which was higher than 13.16% (5/38) in the control group, with a statistically significant difference ( χ2=4.964, P=0.026). Conclusion:The adjuvant mFOLFOX6 combined with bevacizumab after RFA is effective in KRAS, BRAF V600E mutant colorectal cancer patients with unresectable liver metas-tases after surgery, which can effectively prolong survival, and the adverse reactions are controllable and tolerable.

9.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 107-127, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880883

ABSTRACT

Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is one of the leading causes of death from gynecologic cancers and peritoneal dissemination is the major cause of death in patients with EOC. Although the loss of 4.1N is associated with increased risk of malignancy, its association with EOC remains unclear. To explore the underlying mechanism of the loss of 4.1N in constitutive activation of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and matrix-detached cell death resistance, we investigated samples from 268 formalin-fixed EOC tissues and performed various in vitro and in vivo assays. We report that the loss of 4.1N correlated with progress in clinical stage, as well as poor survival in EOC patients. The loss of 4.1N induces EMT in adherent EOC cells and its expression inhibits anoikis resistance and EMT by directly binding and accelerating the degradation of 14-3-3 in suspension EOC cells. Furthermore, the loss of 4.1N could increase the rate of entosis, which aggravates cell death resistance in suspension EOC cells. Moreover, xenograft tumors in nude mice also show that the loss of 4.1N can aggravate peritoneal dissemination of EOC cells. Single-agent and combination therapy with a ROCK inhibitor and a 14-3-3 antagonist can reduce tumor spread to varying degrees. Our results not only define the vital role of 4.1N loss in inducing EMT, anoikis resistance, and entosis-induced cell death resistance in EOC, but also suggest that individual or combined application of 4.1N, 14-3-3 antagonists, and entosis inhibitors may be a promising therapeutic approach for the treatment of EOC.

10.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 744-754, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910655

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the feasibility and clinical efficacy of deformed complex vertebral osteotomy (DCVO) technique on the treatment of angular kyphosis of cured spinal tuberculosis.Methods:A retrospective study was performed on patients with angular kyphosis of cured spinal tuberculosis who underwent the DCVO technique or posterior vertebral column resection (PVCR) technique from Jan, 2007 to Jan, 2019. 33 patients were included, 18 males and 15 females, the average age was 39.5±15.0 years old (ranged 9-78 years old). The vertebral deformity in thoracic vertebrae 14 cases, thoracolumbar vertebrae 16 cases, and lumbar vertebrae 3 cases. 20 cases underwent the DCVO technique, while 13 cases underwent PVCR technique. For DCVO group, the multiple malformed vertebrae were considered a malformed complex, and a larger range and angle wedge osteotomy was performed within the complex using the DCVO technique. PVCR technique would resect the whole deformed vertebrae, and subsequently brought the two separated spinal columns together with instruments and titanium mesh. The intro-operative blood loss, operating time and complications were recorded. The radiological measurements included preoperative and postoperative spinopelvic parameters, which including thoracic kyphosis (TK), lumbar lordosis (LL), sagittal vertical axis (SVA), pelvic incidence (PI), pelvic tilt (PT), sacral slope (SS) and segmental kyphosis. The recovery of neurological function was evaluated by Frankle classification.Results:All patients were followed up for 7-72 months. Comparing with the cases underwent PVCR technique, the DCVO group has a significantly lower blood loss (1315.00±462.57 ml), operating time (293.00±83.86 min) and complications rate (1.5%). At the time of preoperation, postoperation and last follow-up, the deformity angle of DCVO group was 96.80°±6.32°, 29.10°±6.96°and 29.05°±6.49°, which gained an average 69.9% correction rate. The statistical analysis suggested that deformity angle was enormously corrected. And there was an insignificant difference between DCVO group and PVCR group. Meanwhile, the preoperative, postoperative and follow-up TK of DCVO group was 96.96°±29.13°, 37.15°±4.88° and 37.00°±3.89°respectively, whosecorrection rate was 67.1%; LL was 66.70°±21.21°, 42.25°±5.53° and 41.90°±4.98°, which have a significant difference between pre-operation and post-operation/follow-up ( F=23.997, P<0.001) ; SVA was 75.95±18.63 mm, 16.30±6.88 mm and 16.55±7.30 mm. PI was 47.50°±6.12°, 47.35°±5.54°and 47.90°±5.93°, PT was 37.25°±9.63°, 18.50°±1.99° and 19.00°±1.65°; SS was 10.25°±8.27°, 29.15°±5.91° and 28.85°±5.77°. The sagittal and spinopelvic parameters of two groups improved significantly at postoperation and follow-up. No obviously difference of spinal parameters was found between two groups at preoperation and postoperation. Both groups have cases with dysneuria. And all of these cases achieved different degrees of recovery at follow-up. Conclusion:The use of DCVO technique for the treatment of post-tubercular angular kyphosis is safe and efficiency. DCVO leads a better clinical outcomes and lower complication rate than VCR technique.

11.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 92-97,F4, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882446

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy and prognostic factors in patients with stage Ⅲb/c or Ⅳ inoperable advanced gastric cancer.Methods:The clinical data of 33 patients with unresectable locally advanced (stage Ⅲb/c) or unresectable stage Ⅳ gastric cancer were collected from May 2017 to may 2019 in the Department of Surgical Oncology, Anqing Hospital affiliated to Anhui Medical University, Among them, there were 25 males and 8 females with an average age of 65.48±9.00 years. According to the data of patients with conversion therapy efficacy and postoperative pathology and other factors for statistics, using univariate and multivariate analysis method to evaluate its correlation with the prognosis of patients.Results:Of 33 patients, 2 patients were complete remission, 18 patients were partial remission, the objective response rate(ORR) was 60.6%. 20 patients recevied surgical treatment, 17 patients achieved R0 resection. The median overall survival(mOS) of all 33 patients was (18.6±4.5) months. The mOS of patients who underwent surgical treatment was (25.7±10.99) months, which in patients without surgical treatment was (11.2±2.5) months( P=0.004). The mOS of stage Ⅲb/c patients Was (18.9±10.99) months, and of stage Ⅳ patients was (11.3±0.35) months( P=0.568). Univariate analysis showed that preoperative chemotherapy cycle ≥4 weeks had a better prognosis than patients with less than 4 cycles ( P=0.003), TRG score 1/2 patients had a better prognosis ( P=0.001), and positive lymph nodes ≥7 was risk factor. Multivariate analysis showed that positive lymph nodes ≥7 was the only independent prognostic factor ( P=0.013). Conclusion:For patients with stage Ⅲb/c or Ⅳ inoperable advanced gastric cancer, surgical resection after conversion therapy can improve patient survival, adequate preoperative chemotherapy can improve the prognosis of patients with at least 4 cycles of chemotherapy.

12.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 596-603, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805761

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore molecular characteristics of endometrial endometrioid cancer according to The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) based molecular classification of endometrial carcinomas and to confirm simple and clinically applicable surrogate methodologies in pathological practice.@*Methods@#Two hundred and twenty-eight cases of endometrial endometroid adenocarcinomas (EnACs) collected from August 2001 to August 2017 from Peking University Health Science Center, Peking University Third Hospital were molecularly categorized by using Sanger sequencing for the exonuclease domain mutations (EDM) of POLE, and by immunohistochemistry for p53 and mismatch repair (MMR) proteins. The cohort was classified into polymerase-E exonuclease domain mutation (POLE EDM), mismatch repair deficiency (MMR-D), p53 abnormal (p53-abn) and p53 wild type (p53-wt) groups. The correlation between molecular subgroups and the clinical-pathological features including prognosis were analyzed.@*Results@#The cohort was distributed as follows: 11(4.8%) POLE EDM, 47(20.6%) MMR-D, 9(4.0%) p53-abn and 161(70.6%) p53-wt. p53-wt subgroup patients demonstrated significantly higher lymph node metastasis (P=0.011) and more advanced stage (P=0.036) than those of somatic hypermutation group cases (POLE EDM and MMR-D). In the FIGO grade 2-3 EnACs cohort, TCGA molecular subtyping was significantly correlated with progression-free survival and overall survival (P=0.043). POLE EDM subgroup had the best survival, while p53-abn subgroup had the worst.@*Conclusions@#Identification of POLE EDM and MMR-D subgroups provides independent and highly valuable prognostic information beyond established histological classification. Based on immunohistochemistry of MMR, p53 and POLE mutational analysis, this pragmatic molecular classification scheme can be served as a reliable surrogate for TCGA molecular classification, which has potential to be used routinely in Chinese pathological practice.

13.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 690-694, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792779

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the location, size, ultrasonic characteristics and clinical significances of normal parathyroid glands. Methods A total of 350 healthy subjects with no relevant diseases in Shanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital from January 2017 to December 2017 were selected. The age ranged from 9 to 83 years old. They were divided into seven groups according to age, with 50 in each group. The position, size, shape, echo, boundary, and blood flow signal characteristics of the normal parathyroid glands in these healthy subjects examined by ultrasound were retrospectively analyzed, and the differences among the different groups were compared. Results The detection rate of normal parathyroid glands in 350 subjects was 95.4% (1335/1400). The normal parathyroid glands were oval, fusiform or irregular shape hyperechoic or isoechoic nodules, with homogeneous echoes and clear borders. There was no obvious blood flow signal in most glands. The proportion of fusiform shape in upper parathyroid glands (24.4%, 161/659) was higher than that in lower parathyroid glands (18.4%, 125/676), the difference was statistically significant (χ2=6.99, P< 0.05). The superior parathyroid gland was mainly located in the superior thyroid region, while the inferior parathyroid gland was mainly located in the inferior thyroid region, especially within the range of 2 cm from the inferior thyroid pole. In the age ≤ 20 years old group, the proportion of patients with upper parathyroid gland in the upper thyroid region (80.4%, 74/92) was higher than that in the other age groups, and the proportion of patients with lower parathyroid gland in the subthyroid region (30.6%, 30/98) was higher than that in the other age groups, the difference was statistically significant (χ2= 3.35, P< 0.05). There was no significant difference in the size of parathyroid gland among different age groups (P> 0.05). Conclusions The detection rate of normal parathyroid glands is high, and they mainly located in the upper and lower thyroid regions within 2 cm from the lower margin of the thyroid. Ultrasound images are mainly characterized by the clear elliptical shape and the uniform high echo. The ultrasonic characteristics of normal parathyroidglands are conducive to preoperative localization of parathyroid glands and provides a reliable basis for finding and retaining parathyroid glands in thyroid surgery.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807915

ABSTRACT

@#A Mn-clusters-porphyrin metal-organic framework nanosheet(nMn-MOF)was synthesized by coordination chelation to enhance photodynamic therapy. The nanosheet was characterized by dynamic light scattering, transmission electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Oxygen sensor and ICG were used to investigate the production of oxygen and the singlet oxygen(1O2)generation. The cytotoxicity of the nanosheet against tumor cells were detected by CCK-8 assay, and the anti-hypoxia and oxygen-generation ability of nanosheets were investigated by fluorescence staining assay. The results indicated that this nanosheet could catalyze the intracellular H2O2 into O2, which overcame the tumor hypoxia. Furthermore, the generated oxygen was converted to cytotoxic 1O2 under the near infrared light irradiation, thereby enhancing photodynamic therapy.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734235

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the significance of Silva pattern system about clinical application in invasive endocervical adenocarcinoma. Methods Data obtained from the Maternity Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University was analyzed, 78 endocervical adenocarcinoma cases were included from December, 2006 to August, 2017. The average age of patients was (45.1 ± 9.1) years old (ranged 27-71 years old). Clinical stage: stageⅠa 26 cases and Ⅰb 49 cases and stage Ⅱa 3 cases. All pathological slides were reviewed, stratified cases into pattern A, B and C according to Silva system criteria.Clinicopathological parameters of three Silva subgroups were analyzed, χ2 test was used to investigate the correlation of Silva system and clinicopathological parameters. Follow-up data were collected until Jan. 3rd, 2018. The median follow-up time was 41 months (ranged 5-90 months). Kruskal-Wallis H test and Fisher test were used to analyze prognoses among different Silva subgroups. Results (1) Silva A cases accounted for 38%(30/78) of all patients, 24 cases were stageⅠa, 6 cases were stageⅠb. The median tumor thickness was 2.1 mm (ranged 1.0-10.0 mm). No lymph vascular space invasion (LVSI) and perineural invasion (PNI) was detected, and all lymph node (LN) were negative for metastatic carcinoma. All patients were alive and had no evidence of recurrence. About 21%(16/78) cases were classified as Silva B, including 2 stageⅠa and 14 stage Ⅰb. The median tumor thickness was 5.2 mm (ranged 2.0-11.0 mm). Several patients had LVSI (4/16), LN metastasis (1/10) or PNI (1/16), but there was no recurrence or death. Thirty two (41%,32/78) cases were Silva C, including 29 stageⅠb and 3 stageⅡa. The median tumor thickness was 11.5 mm (ranged 4.0-21.0 mm). The incidence of LVSI (53%, 17/32), LN metastasis (31%, 8/26) or PNI (16%, 5/32) was significantly increased. There were two recurrent cases and one death cases. (2) Statistical data demonstrated that Silva pattern system was closely correlated with clinicopathological parameters , such as clinical stage (r=0.754, P=0.000), tumor depth (P=0.000) and LVSI (r=0.534, P=0.000). But there was no correlation between Silva system and LN metastasis or PNI (all P>0.05). (3) Silva subgroups demonstrated no significant difference in recurrence and death (P>0.05). Conclusions The application of Silva pattern system could effectively predict the prognosis of patients. It may be helpful to select reasonable operation before surgery and to realize individualized treatment of cervical adenocarcinoma.

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Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 690-694, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797230

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Objective@#To investigate the location, size, ultrasonic characteristics and clinical significances of normal parathyroid glands.@*Methods@#A total of 350 healthy subjects with no relevant diseases in Shanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital from January 2017 to December 2017 were selected. The age ranged from 9 to 83 years old. They were divided into seven groups according to age, with 50 in each group. The position, size, shape, echo, boundary, and blood flow signal characteristics of the normal parathyroid glands in these healthy subjects examined by ultrasound were retrospectively analyzed, and the differences among the different groups were compared.@*Results@#The detection rate of normal parathyroid glands in 350 subjects was 95.4% (1 335/1 400). The normal parathyroid glands were oval, fusiform or irregular shape hyperechoic or isoechoic nodules, with homogeneous echoes and clear borders. There was no obvious blood flow signal in most glands. The proportion of fusiform shape in upper parathyroid glands (24.4%, 161/659) was higher than that in lower parathyroid glands (18.4%, 125/676), the difference was statistically significant (χ 2 = 6.99, P < 0.05). The superior parathyroid gland was mainly located in the superior thyroid region, while the inferior parathyroid gland was mainly located in the inferior thyroid region, especially within the range of 2 cm from the inferior thyroid pole. In the age ≤ 20 years old group, the proportion of patients with upper parathyroid gland in the upper thyroid region (80.4%, 74/92) was higher than that in the other age groups, and the proportion of patients with lower parathyroid gland in the subthyroid region (30.6%, 30/98) was higher than that in the other age groups, the difference was statistically significant (χ 2 = 3.35, P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the size of parathyroid gland among different age groups (P > 0.05).@*Conclusions@#The detection rate of normal parathyroid glands is high, and they mainly located in the upper and lower thyroid regions within 2 cm from the lower margin of the thyroid. Ultrasound images are mainly characterized by the clear elliptical shape and the uniform high echo. The ultrasonic characteristics of normal parathyroid glands are conducive to preoperative localization of parathyroid glands and provides a reliable basis for finding and retaining parathyroid glands in thyroid surgery.

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Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 54-56, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709189

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Objective To investigate the correlation between the expression of four mismatch repair proteins and clinicopathological features of colorectal cancer in elderly patients. Methods The expression of four mismatch repair proteins,MLH1,PMS2,MSH2 and MSH6,in 85 specimens from elderly patients with colorectal cancer,who were treated at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2012 to December 2016, was analyzed by immunohistochemistry.The correlation between the expression of these mismatch repair proteins and clinicopathological features of colorectal cancer was also analyzed. Results Of the 85 clinical specimens,76 showed positive expression of the mismatch repair proteins,yielding a positivity rate of 89.4% and a negative rate of 10.6%(9 cases).The negative expression rates of MLHl,PMS2,MSH2 and MSH6 were 7.1%(6 cases),7.1%(6 cases),3.5%(3 cases)and 1.4%(2 cases),respectively.In addition,4 cases(4.7%)had negative expression of MLHl and PMS2,1 case(1.2%)had negative expression of MSH2 and MSH6,and 1 case(1.2%)had negative expression of all four-proteins.Furthermore,univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analyses showed that negative expression rates of the mismatch repair proteins were closely associated with tumor size,tumor differentiation and lymph node metastasis in colorectal cancer(all P < 0.05). Conclusions Concurrent negative expression of MLHl and PMS2 and of MSH2 and MSH6 can be seen in colorectal cancer.Negative expression of mismatch repair proteins is closely related to clinicopathological features of colorectal cancer in elderly patients.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708455

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Objective To study the clinicopathological features of sarcomatoid hepatocellular carcinoma (SHC).Methods The clinical data of 42 patients with SHC who underwent surgical resection in the Peking University People's Hospital (n =33) and the Department of Pathology of the Peking University Health Science Center (n=9) from January 2008 to May 2017 were retrospectively analyzed.Results The average age was 58.3 (aged 32~84) years;the ratio of male to female was 2.2 ∶ 1;the average diameter of the lesions was 8.2 cm;the median AFP value was 45.2 ng/ml.The median survival time was 10.5 months,the average progression-free survival time was 2.9 months,and the 5-year survival rate was 25.0%.On histopathology,the tumor consisted of various degrees of different differentiated carcinomas with aligned sarcomatoid spindle cells.Immunohistochemical results in the sarcomatoid region expressed both mesenchymal markers and epithelial-derived markers.Conclusions SHC tumors were highly aggressive,with high rates of lymph node metastasis and poor prognosis.The diagnosis of SHC mainly depended on histopathology.Immunohistochemistry was very important for its diagnosis and differential diagnosis.Surgical resection was the treatment modality of choice to achieve prolonged survival time.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708215

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Objective The recurrence rate is alarmingly high in patients with positive lymph node metastasis (pN+) esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) after two-field surgery.This study aims to retrospectively evaluate the value of pN+ region in predicting postoperative recurrence in patients with pN+ thoracic ESCC after two-field radical esophagectomy.Methods A total of 329 patients with pN+ thoracic ESCC after two-field R0 esophagectomy were enrolled in this study.After surgery,pN+ region was located at the upper abdomen in 116 patients,mediastinum in 119 and upper abdomen plus mediastinum in 94,respectively.The enumeration data were analyzed by chi-square test.Logistic multivariate regression analysis was performed to evaluate the risk factors of postoperative recurrence.Cumulative recurrence rate was statistically analyzed by using Kaplan-Meier method,Log-rank test and Cox model multivariate analysis.Results The overall recurrence rate was 72.4% (239/329).The overall locoregional recurrence (LR) rate was 58.1%(139/329) including 14.6% in the neck,42.9% in the mediastinum and 10.0% in the upper abdomen.Multivariate logistic and Cox regression analyses demonstrated that pN + region was the only independent factor affecting the overall recurrence and LR rates (both P<0.05).The overall recurrence and LR rates were 57.8% and 44.0% for patients with pN+ region in the upper abdomen,77.3% and 62.3% for those with pN+ region in the mediastinum and 85.1% and 72.3% for their counterparts with pN+ region in the upper abdomen and mediastinum,respectively.Additionally pN+ region was also the independent factor of the recurrence in the mediastinum or upper abdomen (both P<0.05) rather than the neck (P>0.05).The recurrence rates in the mediastimun and upper abomen were 27.6% and 12.9% for patients with pN+ region in upper abdomen,47.1% and 4.2% for those with pN+ region in the mediastinum,and 56.4% and 13.8% for patients with pN+ region in the upper-abdomen plus mediastinum,respectively.Conclusions LR is the main cause of failure in patients with pN + thoracic ESCC after two-field R0 surgery.pN + region can be utilized to predict the overall recurrence and LR rates,especially for patients with postoperative recurrence in the the mediastinum and upper abdomen.The findings in this investigation contribute to the design of the target volume of postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708156

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Objective To retrospectively analyze the factors of postoperative recurrence of stage pT1-3NoM0 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.Methods A total of 488 patients who underwent two-field R0 esophagectomy,pathologically classified as stage pT1-3N0M0,without adjuvant radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy before or after surgery and postoperative survival time ≥ 3 months were enrolled in this study.Multivariate analysis was performed by using Cox model.Results At the end of follow-up,the overall recurrence rate was 36.9%(180/488);the local recurrence rate was 21.5% (105/488),the distant metastasis rate was 6.8% (33/488) and the local recurrence rate complicated with the distant metastasis rate was 8.6% (42/488).Cox multivariate analysis demonstrated that tumor site and pT staging were the factors affecting the overall/local recurrence rate and distant metastasis.The recurrence rate in patients with the upper esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and stage pT3 was the highest,followed by those with the middle esophageal squamous cell carcinoma or stage pT2 and the lowest recurrence rate was observed in patients with the lower esophageal squamous cell carcinoma or stage pT1.Conclusions Tumor site and pT staging are the pivotal factors for postoperative recurrence of stage pT1-3 NoM0 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma after two-field R0 esophagectomy,which contributes to offer guidance to the selection of indications for postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy.

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