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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910110

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the placental micro-vascular circulation by microvascular flowing imaging (MVFI) method, and to explore the clinical value of microvascular index (MVI) for the diagnosis of fetal growth restriction (FGR).Methods:A total of 21 fetuses at 24-34 weeks of gestation at the Peking Union Medical College Hospital from October to November 2019 were enrolled in this study, including 7 fetal growth restriction (FGR) fetuses, and 14 normal fetuses as control group. The fetuses of the two groups were matched according to the gestational weeks at the ratio of 1∶2. Fetal biometry parameters were measured and the placenta was observed by two-dimensional ultrasound.Uterine artery pulse index (UtA-PI), middle cerebral artery pulse index (MCA-PI), and umbilical artery S/D ratio were evaluated by color and pulse-wave Doppler. The placenta mico-circulation was displayed by the MVFI method and MVI was measured.Results:The study included 14 normal fetuses and 7 FGR fetuses. Compared with the control group, more placenta in the FGR group manifested as thickened and heterogeneous with decreased MVI and increased UtA-PI. There was statistically significant difference in placental mean MVI between two groups ( P=0.044). Besides, a trend towards significant negative correlation was observed between MVI and placenta thickness, although this was not statistically significant ( rs=-0.35, P=0.065). MVI had a higher specificity (100%) in the prediction of FGR. Conclusions:MVFI can display the micro-circulation of the placenta, and provide a direct and quantitative assessment method for placental perfusion.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909010

ABSTRACT

Problem-based learning (PBL) has been applied in many teaching fields and achieved satisfying effect. Dermatovenology is a special secondary discipline of clinical medicine which includes dermatosurgery, dermatopathology, laser cosmetology and other different sub-professional subjects, and it covers a wide variety of diseases and it is difficult to identify skin lesions. However, the teaching time for graduate students is limited and the traditional teaching mode can't meet the needs of learning for them. In this paper, the application of PBL method in the teaching of medical graduate students and the application of PBL combined with other teaching methods have been expounded through the analysis of domestic and foreign literature, and its role in the teaching of dermatology graduate students will be discussed.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908412

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (pNENs) are highly heterogeneous, and the management of pNENs patients can be intractable. To address this challenge, an expert committee was established on behalf of the Chinese Pancreatic Surgery Association, Chinese Society of Surgery, Chinese Medical Association, which consisted of surgical oncologists, gastroenterologists, medical oncologists, endocrinologists, radiologists, pathologists, and nuclear medicine specialists. By reviewing the important issues regarding the diagnosis and treatment of pNENs, the committee concluded evidence-based statements and recommendations in this article, in order to further improve the management of pNENs patients in China.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868054

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the inter-observer consistency of Smart 3D super microvascular imaging (Smart-3D SMI) in evaluating the blood flow of breast lesions.Methods:Prospective study on Smart-3D SMI images of 225 cases of continuous breast lesions in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January to December 2018. Two sonographers conducted qualitative evaluation of vascular architecture(VA) under Smart-3D SMI, and took the mean value of three measurements evaluations of vascular index(VI). Weighted Kappa was used to test the consistency of the vascular architecture, and Bland-Altman scatter plot was used to calculate the 95% consistency limit of the measured data for the VI value. Spearman correlation coefficient was used to analyze whether the absolute difference of VI between observers was correlated with the mean value of VI.Results:The Weighted Kappa coefficient of Smart-3D SMI for the evaluation of VA by two sonographers was 0.839 (95% CI was 0.795-0.881, P<0.001), showing strong inter-observer consistency. Bland-Altman plot analysis of VI value showed that the value of 95.11% was within the clinically acceptable range and had good consistency, and there was a correlation between the difference of VI value between observers and the value of VI mean ( r s=0.639, P<0.001). Conclusions:There is a good inter-observer consistency in evaluating the blood vascular architecture and quantitatively measuring the blood flow abundance by Smart-3D SMI.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868013

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the value of ultrasound in the diagnosis of pelvic lipomatosis and analyze the causes of misdiagnosis.Methods:A retrospective analysis of 68 cases of pelvic lipomatosis confirmed by operation or imaging in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2000 to December 2018 was made to summarize the characteristics of ultrasonic manifestations.Results:Ultrasonographic findings were as follows: 6 cases (8.8%) had increased fat-like hyperecho in pelvic cavity; 60 cases (88.2%) had abnormal bladder; 42 cases (61.7%) had pyelectasis and 24 cases (35.3%) had ureterectasis. Of the 68 cases, 6 cases (8.8%) were correctly diagnosed; 54 cases (79.4%) were missed; 8 cases (11.8%) were misdiagnosed, including 7 cases (10.3%) of bladder tumor and 1 case (1.5%) of retroperitoneal giant mass.Conclusions:Pelvic lipomatosis has characteristic sonographic features.When urinary tract obstruction and bladder wall thickening are observed, pelvic lipomatosis should be considered. Bladder shape and existence of increasing fat-like hyperecho in the pelvis should be further scanned to reduce the misdiagnosis rate of pelvic lipomatosis.

6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1314-1319, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821795

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To simultaneo usly determine the contents of atractylenolide Ⅱ ,β-eudesmol,atractyloxin and atractylone in Atractylodes chinensis ,and to evaluate the quality of A. chinensis with different growth years combined with color difference principle. METHODS :HPLC method was adopted. The determination performed on Agilent Eclipse XDB-C 18 column with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile- 0.2% phosphoric acid (gradient elution )at the flow rate of 1.0 mL/min;the detection wavelengths were set as 208 nm(atractylenolide Ⅱ,β-eudesmol),340 nm(atractyloxin)and 220 nm(atractylone);the sample size was 15 μ L. Using atractyloxin as reference,QAMS was adopted to establish relative correction factors (RCFs) of atractylenolideⅡ,β-eudesmol and atractylone ;the content of each component in A. chinensis with different growth years were calculated. The contents of above 4 components were determined by external standard method and then compared with the results of QAMS. The color difference values of A. chinensis powder were measured based on color difference principle. The correlation analysis of above 4 components content with color was carried out by Pearson correlation analysis. RESULTS :The separation degree of atractylenolide Ⅱ,β-eudesmol,atractyloxin and atractylone in A. chinensis was higher than 1.5. The linear range were 1.01-10.10,3.30-33.00,4.40-44.00,5.34-53.40 μg/mL,respectively. RSDs of precision ,reproducibility and stability tests were all lower than 2%,while the average recovery rates were 101.34%-104.67%(RSD<1.5%,n=6). Using atractyloxin as reference , RCFs of atractylenolide Ⅱ,β-eudesmol and atractylone were 3.896 7,5.928 2,9.727 9,with RSD of 0.35%,2.89%,0.36% (n=6),respectively. Relative deviation of 3 components (except for atractyloxin ) in 24 batches of A. chinensis ranged 0.03%-1.45% between QAMS and external standard method ,which indicated that the results of two methods were consistent ,and the content of each component increased with the increase of growth years. Atractylenolide Ⅱ,β-eudesmol,atractyloxin and atractylone in A. chinensis had significant negative correlation with its color shade (L*),total color difference (E*ab)(P<0.01), and significant positive correlation with color red-green direction (a*), color yellow-blue direction (b*)(P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS:The established HPLC-QAMS method can be used for the determination of atractylenolide Ⅱ,β-eudesmol, atractyloxin and atractylone in A. chinensis . The longer the growth period is ,the higher each component content is. The color of A. chinensis is closely related to the content of each component ,and the content of effective components is higher in A. chinensis with dark yellowish brown color.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805119

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the current situation of exposure of solid particles in medical staff and the occurrence of related diseases, and to understand the distribution characteristics of occupational exposure and the influencing factors.@*Methods@#In August 2016, the stratified cluster sampling method was adopted to select three tertiary general hospitals with different regions, different administrative levels and departments in Shandong Province. A face-to-face questionnaire survey was conducted on the basic situation of the staff of the hospital, the status of exposure to occupational hazards and the health effects. Two-class logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the relationship between medical staff's solid particle contact and occupational health effects. In August 2016, the stratified cluster sampling method was adopted to select three tertiary general hospitals with different regions, different administrative levels and departments in Shandong Province, which were in contact with the basic conditions and occupational hazards of the staff of the hospital. Current situation and health impacts were conducted face-to-face questionnaires. Two-class logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the relationship between medical staff's solid particle contact and occupational health effects.@*Results@#The overall contact rate of solid particles of medical staff was 41.5% (1843/4 446) , and the solid particles with the highest contact rate were 28.2% (1254/4 446) of talc dust. There was a statistically significant difference in the contact rate of solid particles between medical staff of different occupations, current working age, education and hospital type (χ2=76.30, 41.26, 26.16, 188.97, P<0.05) . There were significant differences in the conditions and types of solid particles in different departments (χ2=740.23, P<0.05) . Compared with the control group, the incidence of allergic asthma, chronic tracheobronchitis and dermatitis was higher in the contact group medical staff (P<0.05) . Contact with zirconia dust, talc dust, cotton dust is a risk factor for dermatitis in medical staff (OR=2.09, 1.45, 1.34) ; exposure to zirconia dust and cotton dust is a risk factor for chronic tracheobronchitis in medical staff (OR=2.38, 1.66) ; exposure to zirconia dust, gypsum dust is a risk factor for allergic asthma in medical staff (OR=3.90, 1.52) .@*Conclusion@#The contact rate of solid particles in medical staff is high, and there are many types of contact. Frequent contacted with solid particles is a dangerous cause of related diseases. The working environment of medical staff should be further monitored and be strengthen the targeted protective measures and regulatory systems for the exposure of medical personnel to solid particles.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756424

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application value of ultrasound medical imaging workstation in quality control of ultrasound reports issued by resident doctors.Methods The pancreatic ultrasound reports of outpatients provided by resident doctors with 6 months and 12 months of training were derived from the ultrasound medical imaging workstation as 6-month group (G6M) and 12-month group (G12M),respectively.There were 1582 ultrasound reports in the G6M,including 420 for males and 962 for females,with 1318 for patients < 65 years old and 264 for patients ≥ 65 years old.There were 2723 ultrasound reports in the G12M,including for 760 males and 1963 for females,with 2323 for patients < 65 years old and 400 for patients ≥ 65 years old.Frequency of"unclear tail of the pancreas" in the report,standard image,and body markers were recorded.The chi-square test was used to compare patient gender,age,and the quality of resident reports between the two groups.Results The chi-square test showed that there was no significant difference in sex or age composition between the two groups (all P > 0.05).The number of cases of"unclear tail of the pancreas" reported in the G6M and G12M was 554 (35.02%) and 734 (26.96%),respectively,and there was a statistical difference between the two groups (x2=31.029,P < 0.001).In the reports with "unclear tail of the pancreas",the number of reports with "no map" was 8 (1.44%) and 14 (1.91%) in the G6M and G12M,respectively,and there was no significant difference between the two groups (P > 0.05).As to "map without marker" and "map with marker",there were 337 (60.83%) vs 209 (37.73%) and 308 (41.96%) vs 412 (56.13%) in the G6M and G12M,respectively,and the chi-square test showed that there were significant differences between the two groups (x2=44.960 and 42.834,all P < 0.001).Conclusion Ultrasound medical imaging workstation can be used for periodic spot check,evaluation,and feedback of resident reports,which has a positive role in promoting the quality control of ultrasound reports.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756421

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application of "quality control specialized management" model in ultrasound department for medical quality management and effect evaluation.Methods The "quality control specialized management" model was applied for medical quality management in ultrasound department.We explored the changes of clinical and patients' satisfaction before and after the implementation of the model by taking the measures of quality control management by special responsible person,improving patient visit process,strengthening professional training to improve doctors' ability,strengthening humanistic literacy,and improving service attitude.Before and after implementation,clinical satisfaction and patients' satisfaction were evaluated.The comparison of clinical satisfaction before and after the implementation of "quality control specialized management" and the comparison of patient satisfaction was conducted by x2 test.Results After the implementation of "quality control specialized management" model,the clinical satisfaction score was (95.5 ± 0.3) points,which was significantly higher than that before the model was applied [(90.1± 1.5) points;t=7.541,P < 0.01);the patients' satisfaction score was (95.8±0.3) points,which was also significantly higher than that before the model was applied [(92.8±0.7) points;t=5.230,P < 0.01).Conclusion The "quality control specialized management" model can improve clinical and patients' satisfaction effectively,representing an effective way to guarantee and improve the quality of ultrasound medical services.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755308

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the significance of superb microvascular imaging (SMI) for the detection of neovascularization in carotid atherosclerotic plaques.Methods SMI detected 28 carotid atherosclerotic plaques in 28 patients who underwent carotid endarterectomy.The SMI grade of carotid plaque neovascularization was assigned based on the following grading system:Grade 0,no neovascularization;grade 1,some neovascularization;grade 2,neovascularization observed in the shoulder of the plaque;and grade 3,widely distributed new blood vessels.SMI was used to evaluate the degree of blood flow,maximum flow velocity,and resistance index of the new vessels in the plaque.Microvascular density was measured with CD31 staining.Results Clear correlations were observed between neovascularization density on histopathological staining of the plaque and the degree of blood flow detected with SMI (rs=0.788,P < 0.001).The classification of neovascular blood flow in the plaque was positively correlated with plaque thickness (rs=0.686,P=0.002).Of the 28 cases,neovascularization was detected in 23;of these 23 cases,the direction of blood flow was from the adventitia to the intima in 17 (75%) cases,while 6 (25%) cases showed an irregular direction of blood flow.The mean neovascular flow velocity was (5.620±0.131) cm/s,and the mean neovascular resistance index was 0.660 ± 0.090.Conclusion SMI is useful for the evaluation of carotid atherosclerotic plaque neovascularization.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754837

ABSTRACT

To investigate the prenatal sonographic feature in the early diagnosis of amniotic band syndrome at 11 -14 weeks′ gestation . Methods A retrospective study was conducted to analysis and summarize the ultrasonographic features of 4 fetuses without band‐like echoes in amniotic cavity at 11-14 weeks′gestation ,but verified as amniotic band syndrome in Peking Union M edical College Hospital . Results T wo cases ( cases 1 ,2) showed the fixed head position with skull defect and intracranial structure disorders . Cases 3 and 4 showed one upper limb in a fixed position ,and the hand seemed to adhere to the umbilical cord isolatedly . In addition ,case 1 showed complete chorioamniotic membrane separation . T here were multiple band‐like echoes adhered to body of 3 fetals during the follow‐up scan at 14 -18 weeks . T he parents of cases 1 and 2 chose to terminate the pregnancy after counseling ,the other 2 cases also induced labor due to intrauterine fetal death at 15+2 weeks and 19+2 weeks respectively . All 4 cases were confirmed as amniotic band syndrome by pathology . Conclusions When the fetal sonographic images showed fixed head position ,disordered intracranial structure ,or adhesion between umbilical cord and hand with limited movement at 11 -14 weeks′ gestation ,it should be paid attention to observing the band‐like echoes and followed up closely to prevent missed diagnosis of amniotic band syndrome .

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754803

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the fetal facial angles at 11 -38 weeks of gestation by three‐dimensional ultrasound ( 3DUS) and analyze the correlation between facial angles and gestational age( GA ) . Methods From 2013 April to 2014 February ,439 singleton fetuses ranged 11-38 weeks of gestation were enrolled in this study . T he details of mid‐sagittal plane of facial profile was confirmed with 3DUS . Four facial angels were measured in this plane ,including frontomaxillary facial angle ( FM F ) ,frontonasal angle ( FNA ) ,mandibulomaxillary facial angle( M M F) and maxilla‐nasion‐mandible angle( M NM ) . T he intra‐and interobserver reliability were calculated in first 30 cases ,intra‐class correlation coefficient( ICC) greater than 0 .75 indicated good reliability . Pearson′s correlation coefficient ( r ) ,curve estimation and polynomial regression models were used to evaluate the correlation of the fetal facial angles with GA . Results ICC of the same observer were 0 .968 ,0 .962 ,0 .974 and 0 .988 ,respectively . ICC of different observer were 0 .948 , 0 .905 ,0 .874 and 0 .889 ,respectively . T he fetal facial angles of FM F ,FNA ,M M F and M NM showed correlations with GA ( r = -0 .369 ,0 .447 ,-0 .470 ,0 .386 ; all P =0 .000) . Using GA as the independent variable and the facial angles as the dependent variables , the best fit regressing equation was cubic polynomial :FM F=135 .300-6 .473×GA+0 .235×GA2 -0 .003×GA3 ( R2 =0 .240 , P =0 .000 ) ;FNA=58 .920+7 .452×GA -0 .274×GA2 -0 .003×GA3 ( R2 =0 .297 , P =0 .000 ) ;M M F=132 .329 -5 .337× GA+0 .191× GA2 -0 .002× GA3 ( R2 = 0 .304 , P = 0 .000) ;M NM = -24 .592+ 4 .653× GA -0 .173× GA2 + 0 .002 × GA3 ( R2 = 0 .413 , P = 0 .000 ) . Conclusions The development of fetal facial angles are related to GA . T he growing patterns of fetal facial angles fit with a cubic polynomial function .

13.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2237-2242, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817165

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To establish the method for the content determination of gentiopicrin and loganic acid in Gentiana scabra, and to investigate the correlation of their contents with appearance traits and quality gradation criterion. METHODS: HPLC method was adopted. The determination was performed on Ascentis Express C18 column with mobile phase consisted of 0.1% phosphoric acid-acetonitrile (gradient elution) at the flow rate of 0.4 mL/min. The column temperature was 30 ℃, and detection wavelength was set at 240 nm. The sample size was 1 μL. Taking the length, number and diameter of fibrous roots as indexes, the appearance and morphological characteristics of G. scabra were studied. The relationship of gentiopicrin and loganic acid content with the appearance property of medicinal material was analyzed by SPSS 21.0 software. k-mean clustering analysis was carried out by using SPSS 21.0 software, and gradation standard for G. scabra was established preliminarily. RESULTS: The linear range of gentiopicrin and loganic acid were 0.5-3.0 μg/mL (r=0.999 9) and 0.05-0.50 μg/mL (r=0.999 9). The limit of quantification of gentiopicrin and loganic acid were 0.295, 0.289 μg/mL; the detection limit were 0.082, 0.081 μg/mL; RSDs of precision, stability, repeatability tests were all lower than 2%; the recovery rates were 97.56%- 102.23% (RSD=1.56%, n=6) and 97.58%-102.67% (RSD=1.86%, n=6). Correlation results showed that there was a significant positive correlation of the length of G. scabra, the number of roots, root diameter, with the contents of gentiopicrin and loganic acid. The order of affecting content was the number of roots >length >root diameter. k-means clustering analysis showed that 54 batches of G. scabra was divided into two categories; S4-S6,S13,S17-S23,S25,S28,S31-S34 were clustered into a category; S1-S3, S7-S12, S14-S16, S24, S26,S27,S29, S30,S35-S54 were clustered into the other category. The results of gradation showed that 54 batches of G. scabra could be divided into two grades, and the results were consistent with the cluster analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Established method is simple and stable, and can be used for simultaneous determination of gentiopicrin and loganic acid in G. scabra. The more fibrous roots, the longer the length, the thicker the root, the higher the content of gentiopicroside and loganic acid, the better the quality of G. scabra.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806757

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the value of prenatal ultrasound in diagnosis of congenital dacryocystocele.@*Methods@#The ultrasonographic features of 16 fetuses with congenital dacryocystocele were retrospectively reviewed and the outcome of pregnancy were followed up.@*Results@#The median gestational week detected with prenatal ultrasound was 30.29 weeks, the mean diameter was (8.96±1.96)mm. Congenital dacryocystoceles were unilateral in 12 fetuses and bilateral in 4 fetuses, 10 were female and 6 were male. The typical ultrasonic feature was anechoic cystic mass with clear boundary in relation to the medial and inferior aspects of the fetal orbit. The dacryocystocele resolved spontaneously prenatally in 5 fetuses, resolved spontaneously after delivery in 10 fetuses. One fetus died in caesarean section due to complete placenta previa.@*Conclusions@#Congenital dacryocystitis has its characteristic ultrasonographic features, and most cases can disappear naturally in prenatal or early newborns.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712074

ABSTRACT

Objectives To investigate the features of thyroid ultrasonographic manifestations in patients with subclinical thyroid serological anomalies during pregnancy. Methods In present study, a total of 53 women who attended the obstetrics clinic in Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital from January 2014 to December 2015 underwent thyroid ultrasound scanning. All women included in this study were checked up for the serological levels of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), free thyroxine (FT4), thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPoAb) in the first trimester and were diagnosed as thyroid dysfunction or abnormal level of serological antibody for the first time. The χ2test was used to compare the incidences of abnormal thyroid echogenicity and increased blood flow in thyroid between groups with serological TPoAb level≥1300 IU/L and<1300 IU/L. Results Among 53 cases, 21 were subclinical hyperthyroidism, 10 were subclinical hypothyroidism, and 22 were isolated elevated serum TPoAb cases. Among 21 subclinical hyperthyroid patients, 16 cases without elevated TPoAb were unremarkable on thyroid scanning, while 2 out of the rest 5 cases (40.0%) with increased serum TPoAb demonstrated mild thyroid diffuse abnormal echogenicity. Among 10 subclinical hypothyroid cases, 2 out of 5 cases (40.0%) without elevated TPoAb manifested mild thyroid diffuse abnormal echogenicity, while 4 of 5 cases (80.0%) with elevated TPoAb showed diffuse abnormal echogenicity of thyroid. In 22 women with isolated elevated serum TPoAb, 11(50.0%) demonstrated diffuse thyroid abnormal echogenicity. In all 32 cases with elevated serum TPoAb, the serum TPoAb level was ≥ 1300 IU/L in 9 cases and < 1300 IU/L in 23 cases. The incidence of thyroid abnormal echogenicity was higher in women with serum TPoAb level≥1300 IU/L than in women with<1300 IU/L (8/9 vs 9/23), which was statistically significant ( χ2=6.432, P=0.018); while no significant difference in the incidence of increased blood flow in both groups was identified(6/9 vs 9/23, χ2=1.970, P=0.080). Conclusion The thyroid ultrasonographic manifestations varied in patients with thyroid serologic anomalies during pregnancy, and were not closely consistent with the serological findings.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608509

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate and analyze risk factors of re-fracture after operation of osteoporotic hip fracture.Methods Two hundred forty-seven patients receiving operation of osteoporotic hip fracture were retrospectively studied and followed up,and all patients were divided into re-fracture group (54 patients) and no-re-fracture group (193 patients).The related factors such as sex,age,body mass index (BMI),affected side,initial fracture site,operation type,perioperative blood loss,postoperative delirium,postoperative bedridden time,medical complications,Charlson comorbidity index,antiostoporosis therapy,hip function scores with Harris and functional independence measurement (FIM) scores were compared by single factor analysis and multivariate Logistic regression analysis.Results Single factor analysis and multivariate Logistic regression analysis both showed that the risk factors of re-fracture after operation of osteoporotic hip fracture included age,postoperative delirium,hypertension,diabetes mellitus,cerebrovascular disease,antiostoporosis therapy,hip function scores with Harris and FIM scores (P < 0.05 or < 0.01).Conclusions Risk factors of re-fracture after operation of osteoporotic hip fracture include passive factors of age,postoperative delirium and medical complications,and subjective factors of antiostoporosis therapy,hip function scores with Harris and FIM scores.Patients should receive medical treatment positively,enhance antiostoporosis therapy and rehabilitation training of hip function to prevent re-fracture.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509065

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the effects of taurine on lipopolysaccharide ( LPS)-induced myocardial damage in rats.METHODS:Healthy male SD rats ( n=30) were randomly divided into control group ( CON) , LPS model group ( LPS) and taurine treatment group ( TAU) .The rats in CON group and LPS group were intravenously injected with normal saline, and the rats in TAU group were injected with taurine (100 mg/kg).After 2 h, the rats in LPS group and TAU group were intraperitoneally injected with LPS at 10 mg/kg, and the rats in CON group were injected with normal saline . Six hours after injection of LPS , the blood samples were collected for determination of superoxide dismutase ( SOD) activi-ty, malondialdehyde (MDA) content, and tumor necrosis factor α(TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels.The myocar-dial tissues were processed for histological examination and the analysis of Western blot .RESULTS:Compared with CON group, LPS significantly reduced SOD activity in the serum and heme oxygenase 1 ( HO-1) protein expression in the myo-cardial tissues, increased the serum content of MDA and levels of TNF-αand IL-6.LPS also significantly elevated the lev-els of TNF-αand IL-6, and up-regulated the cyclooxygenase-2 ( COX-2) expression and phosphorylation of nuclear factor kappa B ( NF-κB) in the myocardial tissues .Taurine pretreatment significantly elevated SOD activity and HO-1 protein ex-pression level, decreased the levels of COX-2, TNF-α, IL-6 and phosphorylated NF-κB.Histological observation showed that taurine reduced inflammatory response in the myocardial tissue .CONCLUSION: Taurine attenuates LPS-induced myocardial damage in rats .The beneficial effects of taurine may be associated with its reduction of p-NF-κB/COX-2 signa-ling by activation of HO-1/CO.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669266

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the clinical value of sonographic patterns of thyroid nodules in 2015 American Thyroid Association (ATA) management guidelines for adult patients with thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid cancer.Methods From January 2008 to December 2010,483 thyroid nodules in 480 patients who underwent ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (US-FNAB) in Peking Union Medical College Hospital were included in this study.Ultrasound images of the thyroid nodules were reviewed and their sonographic patterns were determined as high suspicion,intermediate suspicion,low suspicion and very low suspicion according to 2015 ATA guidelines.112 nodules had surgical pathology.Diagnosis of other nodules depended on both US-FNAB pathology and follow-up of patients.Independent-sample t test was used to compare ages and sizes between benign and malignant nodules.Independent sample rank sum test was used to compare the malignancy risks between nodules of male and female patients,and between nodules that were solid,hypoechoic,with irregular margins,with microcalcifications and with taller than wide shape and each control group.Independent sample rank sum test was also used to compare malignancy risks of nodules with different sonographic pattems in 2015 ATA guidelines.Defining high-suspicion as positive,and intermediate to very low suspicion as negative,the diagnostic performance of sonographic patterns in 2015 ATA guidelines was calculated,including sensitivity,specificity,positive predictive value,negative predictive value,and accuracy.Results Of the 483 thyroid nodules,381 (78.9%) were benign and 102 (21.1%) were malignant proven by operation and follow-up.The malignancy rates were higher in nodules that were solid,hypoechoic,with irregular margins,with microcalcifications and with taller than wide shape than each control group,all of which had statistically significant differences (z=-6.255,-6.893,-13.000,-11.080,-6.718,P < 0.001).Actual malignancy rates of nodules determined as high,intermediate,low and very low suspicion according to the ATA guidelines were 53.3% (90/169),5.5% (6/109),3.9% (6/154),and 0 (0/51),respectively,with statistically significant differences between the four patterns (x2=161.462,P < 0.001).When defining high suspicion as positive,and intermediate to very low suspicion as negative,the negative predictive value of sonographic patterns in ATA guidelines was relatively high (96.2%).Conclusion Sonographic patterns in 2015 ATA guidelines provide effective malignancy risk stratification for thyroid nodules.High suspicion is a good indication of US-FNAB for thyroid nodules and has relatively high negative predictive value.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666099

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the diagnostic features, characteristics, value, and clinical significance of the automated breast volume scanner (ABVS) in breast lesions. Methods A total of 288 patients with breast lesions diagnosed at the Breast Surgery Department of Peking Union Medical College Hospital between 2011 and 2015 were selected. Diagnostic and image data of preoperative ABVS examinations, hand-held breast ultrasound (HHUS), and surgery or biopsy pathology were collected. Pathology and imaging report results were recorded, accounting for the retraction phenomenon; receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curve analysis was used to calculate the diagnostic performance of the single and combined diagnostic methods. Results (1) A total of 311 breast lesions were found in 288 patients using the ABVS;histopathological diagnosis showed that there were 141(45.3%)malignant lesions and 170 (54.7%)benign lesions.(2)The detection rates of the retraction phenomenon using the ABVS in malignant and benign lesions were, respectively, 31.2% (44/141) and 1.8% (3/170); the difference was statistically significant (χ2=52.075,P=0.000). The detection rates of the retraction phenomenon using the ABVS in invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC), ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), and other types of carcinomas were, respectively, 38.5% (40/104), 10.5% (2/19), and 11.1% (2/18). There were significant differences between IDC and DCIS and between IDC and other types of carcinomas (χ2=5.575, P=0.018; χ2=5.085, P=0.024, respectively). (3) The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy rates of single ABVS were 89.4%, 80.6%, and 90.1%,respectively,and those of single HHUS were 91.5%,74.1%,and 91.3%,respectively,for malignant lesion diagnosis. For diagnosis with combined ABVS with HHUS, the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy rates were 93.6%,72.9%,and 93.2%,respectively.Sensitivity and specificity rates,and the advantage ratio of the retraction phenomenon were, 31.2%, 98.2%, and 25.251, respectively. Conclusions Use of the ABVS for coronary sections with the retraction phenomenon has important clinical value in identifying malignant breast lesions,especially in identifying IDC,but ABVS cannot completely replace HHUS.ABVS combined with HHUS can improve the diagnostic capacity, and is helpful for early diagnosis of malignant breast lesions.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712034

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the fetal profile (FP) line with two-dimensional and three dimensional ultrasound, to explore the changes of fetal facial profile with gestational age,and to analyze the manifestation of FP line for abnormal chromosomal fetuses. Methods FP line, which was defined as the line that passes through the anterior border of mandible and the nasion, was test on the facial mid-sagittal plane. Firstly, from April 2013 to January 2014, FP line was analyzed in 439 normal fetuses of Peking Union Medical College Hospital at 11-38 weeks of gestation. According to the relationship between FP line and fetal frontal bone,it was divided into three types: the FP line passed anteriorly, across or posteriorly to the frontal bone, respectively. When the FP line passed posteriorly to the frontal bone, the distance (F distance) between the FP line with the frontal bone was measured. Secondly, 26 pathological fetuses (21 trisomy 21 fetuses with 13-33 weeks' gestation and 5 trisomy 18 fetuses with 21-31 weeks' gestation) were analyzed respectively. Results No cases with a FP line passed anteriorly to the frontal bone were found in all of normal fetuses. Most commonly seen was that FP line passed across to the frontal bone (92.26%). The FP line passed posteriorly to the frontal bone in up to 7.74%, and the mean F distance was 0.24 cm (range, 0.10-0.51 cm). In 21 fetuses of trisomy 21, 14 cases showed the FP line passed across to frontal bone, and 4 cases showed the FP line passed posteriorly frontal bone with the F distance from 0.23 cm to 0.55 cm. Three cases with sloping forehead with FP line passed anteriroly to frontal bone. As to 5 cases of trisomy 18, 2 cases showed FP line passed across to frontal bone, and 3 cases with micrognathia had FP line passed anteriroly to frontal bone. Conclusions No cases with a FP line passed anteriorly to the frontal bone were found in normal fetuses. The FP line, as a reference line for forehead and mandible abnormality, may be a useful tool to detect second trimester profile abnormalities such as sloping forehead and retrognathia.

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