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Journal of Rural Medicine ; : 131-136, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936718


Objectives: This study surveyed Japanese anesthesiologists’ knowledge of the cost of medicine and their attitudes toward cost containment to determine how these factors may affect their choice of medication and provide insight into reducing healthcare expenditures.Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, Japanese anesthesiologists’ knowledge of medicine prices and their attitudes toward cost containment were surveyed to identify barriers in lowering the cost of anesthesia. The proportion of participants who correctly guessed the cost of the five most frequently used types of drugs within 25% of the actual price was determined, and their attitudes regarding drug prices and barriers to achieving cost containment were analyzed.Results: In total, responses to 60 questionnaires were analyzed. The proportion of participants correctly guessing the price within 25% of the actual price for each of the five drug categories, including neuromuscular blocking agents, inhaled anesthetics, intravenous anesthetics, opioids, and neuromuscular blockade reversal agents, was 30% (n=18), 18.3% (n=11), 6.67% (n=4), 30.0% (n=18), and 63.3% (n=38), respectively. Participants believed they had adequate access to information on prices, that the cost of a product influenced their decisions regarding product use, and that more information about cost might change their use of the drugs but did not believe that they had adequate knowledge about product prices.Conclusion: The proportion of participants with acceptable price estimates is small. Educating anesthesiologists about the cost of anesthetic agents may be required to encourage cost-containing behaviors. This study is the first survey to assess Japanese anesthologists’ knowledge of the cost of medicines.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-362002


We report the initial results of thoracic endovascular repair using the Gore TAG device (TAG) used in treatment of thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAA), and evaluate initial outcome based on the Japan SCORE (JS) system. From August 2008 to July 2009, thoracic aortic endovascular repair (TEVAR) for TAA was applied in 27 cases (men/women, 22/5, 53-88 years old, mean age 70.5). Locations included the distal arch in 7 cases, proximal descending TAA (dTAA) in 12 cases and middle or distal dTAA in 8 cases. Deployment of a stent-graft (SG) was successful in 27 cases (100%) and complete thrombosis of the aneurysm or complete entry closure was achieved in 26 cases (96.3%). There was 1 type 2 endoleak (3.7%), 2 iliac arterial injuries (7.4%) and 2 cases of temporary hemodialysis (7.4%). There was no occurrence of paraplegia or hospital death. The 30-day mortality rate and major complication rate examined by the Japan SCORE (JS) system did not show any statistical differences between the TEVAR group and the open repair (OR) group, however the data were higher in the TEVAR group, although not statisfically in the OR group. The OR group had a high complication incidence in comparison with the TEVAR group. Based on evaluation by the JS system, the initial results suggest that TAG for the treatment of TAA is superior to conventional open surgery.