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Organ Transplantation ; (6): 209-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873732


Objective To explore the feasibility of biomarkers in static cold storage (SCS) perfusate of donor kidney from donation after cardiac death (DCD) for predicting delayed graft function (DGF) after renal transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 64 recipients and 47 donors undergoing DCD renal transplantation were retrospectively analyzed. All recipients were divided into the DGF group (n=7) and immediate graft function (IGF) group (n=57) according to the incidence of postoperative DGF in the recipients. The levels of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), liver-type fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP), interleukin -18(IL-18) and kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) in the SCS perfusate were statistically compared between two groups, and the correlation with DGF was analyzed. The predictive value of each biomarker in the occurrence of DGF in recipients after renal transplantation was analyzed. Results The incidence of DGF in the recipients undergoing DCD renal transplantation was 11% (7/64). The NGAL level in the donor kidney perfusate of the DGF group was significantly higher than that in the IGF group (P=0.009). The NGAL level in the donor kidney perfusate was positively correlated with the incidence of DGF in recipients after renal transplantation (r=0.430, P < 0.001). The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed that the increased levels of NGAL and KIM-1 in the perfusate yielded certain predictive value for DGF in recipients after renal transplantation (both P < 0.05). The area under the curve (AUC) of combined detection of NGAL and KIM-1 for predicting DGF in recipients after renal transplantation was 0.932 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.850-1.000]. The sensitivity was calculated as 1.000 and 0.754 for the specificity (P < 0.05). Conclusions The NGAL level in the SCS perfusate of DCD donor kidney is associated with the occurrence of DGF in recipients after renal transplantation. Combined detection of NGAL and KIM-1 levels in the perfusate may accurately predict the occurrence of DGF in recipients after renal transplantation.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870559


Objective:To explore the relationship between new biomarkers in donor blood and delayed graft function after kidney transplantation and evaluate the clinical value of new biomarkers in the diagnosis of DGF (delayed graft function).Methods:For recipients of donor kidney transplantation from August 2016 to December 2017, blood samples were collected from operations of donor organ resection within 12 hours of the day. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was employed for detecting neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), L-type fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP), kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) and interleukin-18(IL-18). They were divided into DGF and EGF (early graft function) groups according to the diagnosis of DGF. The inter-group differences of four new biomarkers were calculated. Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve) was plotted for finding the best positive cutoff value and the sensitivity and specificity of new donor blood marker for diagnosing delayed graft function were calculated.Results:Among them, 8 had postoperative DGF and 62 had none. The overall incidence of DGF was 11.43%. The serum concentration of NGAL was 521.01±132.84 ng/ml in DGF group versus (299.99±100.03) ng/ml in EGF group ( P<0.001). The ROC curve was plotted. With a NGAL concentration >425.15 ng/ml, the sensitivity and specificity for diagnosing DGF were 87.5% and 90.3% respectively. The area under the curve (AUC) was 0.891. The serum concentration of IL-18 was (14.10±12.36) ng/ml in DGF group and (4.61±1.83) ng/ml in EGF group ( P=0.047). With a IL-18 concentration of >5.345 ng/ml, the sensitivity and specificity for diagnosing DGF were 100% and 64.5% respectively. The AUC was 0.914. No significant inter-group difference existed in serum L-FABP/KIM-1. The sensitivity of donor creatinine in the diagnosis of DGF was 62.5%, specificity 75.8% and AUC 0.692. Conclusions:With an excellent level of sensitivity and specificity, an elevated concentration of NGAL/IL-18 in donor blood is superior to traditional creatinine in the diagnosis of DGF after renal transplantation.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791836


Objective To explore the relationship between positive rate of de novo donor specific antibody (dnDSA ) and human leukocyte antigen (HLA ) mismatch after kidney transplantation and explore the impact of dnDSA upon long-term graft survival and rejection .Methods Retrospective analysis was conducted for clinical data of 101 kidney transplant recipients .Based upon HLA antibody and dnDSA ,they were divided into three groups of HLA-(n=70) ,dnDSA- (n=23) and dnDSA+(n=8) .Rejection and graft survival were recorded for evaluating the impact of dnDSA on rejection and graft survival and observing the differences among all groups .Results The mismatchs of HLA-A/B and HLA-DR were more frequent than HLA-and dnDSA-groups(P=0 .047 , P=0 .010)and graft survival was lower in dnDSA+ group than HLA-and dnDSA-groups (P=0 .001) .The rejection rate was higher in dnDSA+ group (62 .5% ) than HLA- group (8 .57% ) and dnDSA-group (8 .69% ) . The difference was statistically significant (P=0 .013) . Pathological examination indicated microcirculatory inflammation (glomerulonephritis & trichodangiitis ) and damage (multilayer change of capillary basement membrane) occurred frequently in dnDSA + group and C4d remained positive . However ,scar ,arterial fibrosis or tubulointerstitial inflammation was not correlated with dnDSA . Conclusions HLA mismatch is correlated with dnDSA positivity . And dnDSA may reduce graft survival and enhance rejection rate . Rejection mediated by dnDSA is often accompanied by microcirculatory inflammation and C4d positivity .

Organ Transplantation ; (6): 365-370, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731695


Objective To summarize the clinical experience of the application of bortezomib desensitization regime prior to secondary renal transplantation in a highly-sensitized recipient. Methods At 13, 10 and 6 d prior to secondary renal transplantation, one patient positive for donor specific antibody (DSA) was subcutaneously administered with bortezomib at a dose of 1.3 mg/m2 combined with a low dose of immunoglobulin. Postoperatively, immunosuppressive regime of tacrolimus (FK506), mycophenolat sodium and methylprednisolone was adopted. The serum creatinine (Scr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels, FK506 concentration, DSA titre, C3d binding DSA (C3d-DSA) titre, pathological biopsy of the renal graft and adverse reactions were observed. Results During 12-month follow-up after administration of bortezomib, the Scr level was declined and maintained at 130 μmol/L, and the BUN level was remained at 3.9 mmol/L. The DSA level was significantly decreased and the C3d-DSA was negative. At postoperative 4 and 9 months, pathological biopsy of the renal graft revealed that the patient was positive for C4d, prompting the chronic active antibody mediated rejection (AMR). The patient presented with grade Ⅲ peripheral neuropathy. Conclusions Application of preoperative bortezomib desensitization regime can effectively down-regulate the DSA level in the recipient and avert the incidence of acute rejection in highly-sensitized patients undergoing secondary renal transplantation. Comprehensive treatment using bortezomib is recommended for preoperative desensitization in the highly-sensitized transplant recipients.