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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910134

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility of prenatal ultrasound in predicting delivery mode of full-term primipara.Methods:The study prospectively enrolled primiparas with gestational age ≥37 weeks, singleton, cephalic and no contraindications to vaginal delivery who underwent routine prenatal examination in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from September 2020 to February 2021.In addition to routine fetal ultrasound examination, the transperineal ultrasound examination was performed to assess the angle of progression (AOP), head perineum distance (HPD), the angle of pubic arch and the anteroposterior diameter, left and right diameter, area and perimeter of levator ani hiatus of pregnant women in different states were measured; Cervical length (CL) was examined by transvaginal ultrasound. The delivery mode was tracked, and the indicators related to natural delivery were screened out. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the effectiveness of relevant indicators in predicting natural delivery.Results:A total of 142 cases were included in this study, including 112 cases of natural delivery and 30 cases of manual intervention delivery. There were no significant differences in age, gestational weeks, biparietal diameter, head circumference, body mass index (BMI) and neonatal weight between the natural delivery group and the manual intervention delivery group (all P>0.05). Multivariate regression analysis showed that AOP was associated with natural delivery( OR=1.048, P=0.008). ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve was 0.648 with AOP 96.92° as the node, and the specificity and positive predictive values were 83.33% and 0.909 1 respectively. Conclusions:It is feasible to predict the mode of delivery by prenatal ultrasound in full-term primiparas. AOP is related to the mode of delivery, which can provide more reference information for clinical practice.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910124

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of translabial ultrasound (TLUS) in female periurethral benign solid lesions (PBSL).Methods:Twenty-one female patients (21 lesions) with PBSL identified pathologically within the process of cystoscope or surgery from June 2017 to December 2020 were enrolled. All of them underwent urethral examination (UE) and TLUS. The detection rates of the lesions of UE and TLUS were compared, and the ultrasonic diagnostic accuracy and ultrasonic manifestations were analyzed.Results:Sixteen of the 21 patients showed lower urinary tract symptoms (76.19%). Among the 21 lesions, the detection rates of UE and TLUS were 52.38% (11/21) and 85.71% (18/21), respectively, the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.019). The length of 18 lesions detected by TLUS was (1.79±1.04)cm, and 13 lesions (72.22%) were shorter than 3 cm. Among 18 cases, urethral caruncle (13 cases) was the most common benign periurethral mass, the main ultrasonic manifestations of urethral caruncle showed hyperecho lesions in the middle and distal urethra, and the blood flow was mostly in a branch-like distribution. At the same time, there were 5 cases of urethral myoma and other solid lesions, the main ultrasonic manifestations of urethral myoma showed clear boundary, low echo and peripheral short strip blood flow. Using pathological results as the gold standard, the accuracy of ultrasonic diagnosis was 88.89% (16/18). Conclusions:TLUS is able to improve the detection rate of periurethral benign solid lesions, and the diagnostic concordant rate is acceptable.TLUS can provide more diagnostic and therapeutic information.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868088

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility of transperineal ultrasound in quantitative assessment of posterior compartment prolapse among Chinese women.Methods:The prospective multicenter study enrolled 485 women between January 2017 and January 2019. All patients underwent a standard clinical interview, pelvic organ prolapse quantification (POP-Q) examination and transperineal ultrasound examination. Volume data of transperineal ultrasound examinations were obtained at rest and in maximal Valsalva maneuver.Results:The higher POP-Q stage of posterior compartment, the lower rectal ampulla position in maximal Valsalva maneuver (POP-Q stage=0 vs POP-Q stage=1, P<0.001; POP-Q stage=1 vs POP-Q stage≥2, P<0.001), and the greater rectal ampulla hypermobility (POP-Q stage=0 vs POP-Q stage=1, P<0.001; POP-Q stage=1 vs POP-Q stage≥ 2, P=0.007). The rectal ampulla position at rest and in maximal Valsalva maneuver and rectocele depth were correlated with prolapse symptoms ( r=-0.200, P<0.001; r=-0.252, P<0.001; r=0.086, P=0.045). The corresponding cut-off values of rectal ampulla position in maximal Valsalva in diagnosing posterior compartment prolapse (POP-Q stage ≥1) and clinical significant posterior compartment prolapse (POP-Q stage ≥2) were 7.32 mm below the symphysis pubis and 12 mm below the symphysis pubis, respectively, with the area under the ROC curve as 0.75 and 0.85, respectively. Conclusions:The ultrasonic measurements by transperineal ultrasound is significantly associated with POP-Q examination in posterior compartment, and it is demonstrated as a useful tool in quantitative assessment of the severity of posterior compartment prolapse.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868087

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of 3D/4D translabial ultrasound in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of female urethral diverticulum.Methods:The paired chi-square test was used to compare the diagnostic accuracy of 2D translabial ultrasound and 3D/4D translabial ultrasound in 21 suspected urethral diverticulum patients who visited the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University from November 2013 to January 2020. And Kappa consistency test was used to evaluate the consistency between these two methods and the pathological results.Results:All 21 patients with suspected urethral diverticulum were diagnosed by postoperative pathology, of which 16 cases were urethral diverticula and 5 cases were paraurethral cysts. The typical appearance of urethral diverticulum on 3D/4D translabial ultrasound was a cystic structure traversing the urethral rhabdosphincter. Additionally, septa, calcification or solid neoplasm can also be seen in some cases. The sensitivity/specificity of 2D translabial ultrasound and 3D/4D translabial ultrasound were 75.00%/100% and 93.75%/100%, respectively, no statistical differences were found both in sensitivity and specificity between these two methods(all P>0.05). The Kappa consistency test showed that the consistency between 2D translabial ultrasound and pathological diagnosis was general (Kappa=0.588, P=0.003), while the consistency between 3D/4D translabial ultrasound and pathological diagnosis was good (Kappa=0.877, P<0.001). Conclusions:3D/4D translabial ultrasound has a high value in the diagnosis of female urethral diverticulum, and it is worthy of clinical application.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710730

ABSTRACT

Stroke remains the major complication among patients on dialysis.In chronic hemodialysis patients,prevalence and incidence of stroke are higher than those in general population.This article provides an overview of stroke in patients on dialysis,including clinical features,early warning and recognition,prevention and treatment.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615076

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnostic parameters,criteria and diagnostic value of pelvic floor ultrasound in female stress urinary incontinence(SUI).Methods Simple factor logistic regression analysis was used to compare the difference of ultrasonic parameters between SUI patients(260 cases) and asymptomatic subjects(60 cases) to find the relevant diagnostic indexes,and to evaluate the diagnostic criteria and diagnostic value by the ROC curve.Results There were significant differences in urethral inclination angle and levator hiatus area in resting and bladder neck position,bladder position,urethral inclination angle,retrovesical angle,levator hiatus area in Valsalva state and urethral rotation angle,bladder neck mobility between the two groups (all P < 0.05).There was no significant difference in age,BMI,bladder neck position,bladder position,retrovesical angle between resting in the two groups (all P >0.05).Using the ROC curve analysis,the cut-off points of urethral inclination angle and levator hiatus area in resting,bladder neck and bladder position,urethral inclination angle,retrovesical angle,levator hiatus area in Valsalva,bladder neck mobility and urethra rotation angle to diagnose SUI were 16.5°,13.5 cm2,3.5 mm,0.5 mm,29.5°,139.5°,19.5 cm2,24.5 mm,45.5°,respectively.The sensitivity/specificity were 54.6%/66.7%,49.2%/80.0%,68.1%/95.0%,64.2%/98.3%,67.3%/93.3%,73.5%/50.0%,68.8%/81.7%,70.0%/95.0%,67.2%/85.0%,respectively.The area under the curve were 0.625,0.668,0.855,0.854,0.817,0.622,0.811,0.866,0.817,respectively.Conclusions Pelvic floor ultrasound is a better way to diagnose stress urinary incontinence,and it provides an objective basis for the diagnosis of SUI.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466126

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the value of acoustic structure quantification(ASQ) and shear wave elastography(SWE) in the evaluation of diagnostic accuracy of liver fibrosis.Methods One hundred and thirty-five patients with chronic hepatic diseases enrolled in our study were underwent ASQ,SWE and liver biopsy.Correlation between Total Mode,BR ratio,the elastic modulus and pathological stages of liver fibrosis were analyzed by Spearman's rank test.ROC curves were set up by evaluating the degree of hepatic fibrosis through Total Mode,BR ratio,the elastic modulus.Results The significant positive correlation were observed between Total Mode,BR ratio,the elastic modulus and pathological stages of liver fibrosis(r =0.46,P =0.000; r =0.49,P =0.000; r =0.68,P =0.000,respectively).Total Mode,BR ratio,and the elastic modulus,of each pathological stages,had statistically significant differences (F =6.05,P =0.000 ; F =5.17,P =0.000; F =48.82,P =0.000,respectively).The areas under the ROC curve (AUC) set up by evaluating the pathological stages of fibrosis (S≥ 1,S≥2,S≥3 and S =4) through the elastic modulus were larger than that of Total Mode and BR ratio(all P <0.05).But the AUC for the diagnosis of fibrosis of Total Mode and BR ratio showed no statistically significant differences(all P >0.05).Conclusions SWE was more accurate than ASQ parameters (Total Mode,BR ratio) in grading hepatic fibrosis.ASQ parameters (Total Mode,BR ratio) were observed well-correlated with the pathological staging of hepatic fibrosis.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444338

ABSTRACT

Objective To observed the expression of serum TNF-α and IL-10 in rats with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) at different altitudes,and to explore the relationships between TNF-α and IL-10,the pathological changes of the pancreas,and the experimental basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment of SAP.Methods 72 specific pathogen free (SPF) Wistar male rats were divided randomly into three groups:1 500 meters altitude (group L),3 300 meters altitude (group M),and 4 300 meters altitude (group H).These three groups were then each divided randomly into four subgroups:control (group n),6 hours after pancreatitis (group p 6 h),12 hours after pancreatitis (group p 12 h),and 24 hours after pancreatitis (group p 24 h).Pancreatitis was induced by intraductal administration of 5% sodium taurocholate hydrate (NaTc).The rats were killed at 6,12,and 24 hours after NaTc injection in groups p.The group n rats were killed after 6 hours of pancreas observation.Blood samples and pancreatic tissues were collected post mortem and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) measured serum TNF-α and IL-10.Results Compared with the control (group n),histopathological scores,IL-10,and TNF-α in the same altitude had a significant difference (P < 0.05) in group p at each time point.In the same altitude of group p,histopathological scores and IL-10 were increased with time elapsed (P < 0.05),while TNF-α was decreased with time elapsed (P < 0.05).There was a significant difference between group Mp and Lp in histopathological scores,IL-10,and TNF-α (P < 0.05),and the same result between group Hp and Lp (P < 0.05),but there was no significant difference between group Hp and Mp (P < 0.05).Meanwhile,IL-10 had a positive relationship with histopathological score,but TNF-α had a negative relationship with histopathological score.Conclusions The level of TNF-α increased with increasing altitude but significantly reduced with elapsed time.The level of IL-10 increased with both increasing altitude elapsed time.These results suggested that TNF-o and IL-10 might play a important role at different times in severe acute pancreatitis.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458007

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the repeatability and consistency of normal female pelvic floor structure using transperineal real‐time three‐dimensional ultrasound .Methods Forty‐two cases of normal adult female were evaluated by two different experience operator ,using the real‐time three‐dimensional ultrasound diagnostic apparatus .The bladder neck movement degrees and the levator hiatus area were observed after Valsalva condition .Differences between the groups were compared .Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) ,the coefficient of variation (CV) and Bland‐Altman analysis of consistency were evaluated . Results The bladder neck movement degrees and the levator hiatus area measured by the experienced operator (operator 1) and less experienced operator(operator 2) were (18 4.8 ± 5 8.4)cm and (17 7.9 ± 5 4.8) cm ,(17 5.3 ± 3 9.5)cm2 and (17 3.1 ± 4 3.2)cm2 ,respectively .There was no significant difference between the two operators ( P > 0 0.5) .The intra‐ICC were 0 8.9 and 0 9.0 ,CV were 7 2.6% and 3 0.3% .Experienced operator repeatability (ICC= 0 9.9 ,0 9.4) was slightly higher than the less experienced researchers (ICC 0 9.2 ,0 8.1) .The analysis results of Bland‐Altman image showed good consistency between two different operators .Conclusions The current study proves real‐time three‐dimensional ultrasound is a reproducible method for female pelvic floor structure assessment ,and the reproducibility is very well .The detection performance of experienced operator slightly better than the one with less experience ,strengthen the training of junior doctors may further improve the accuracy of measurement .

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-455607

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application value of transperineal ultrasound in female patients with cystocele.Methods Transperineal ultrasound were performed in 36 female patients with cystocele and the bladder neck movement degrees (BND),retrovesical angle and the degree of urethral rotation were observed at maximum Valsalva.The ultrasonic manifestation of 36 female patients with cystocele were summarized.Results On maximal Valsalva bladder neck mobility all increased in 36 patients,32 patients with open retrovesical angle (≥140°) and 30 female patients with urethral rotation ≥ 45°.There were 6 cases with type Ⅰ,bladder neck was lower than inferoposterior margin of the symphysis pubis,cystocele with open retrovesical angle (≥140°) and urethral rotation <45°.There were 26 cases with type Ⅱ,bladder neck was lower than inferoposterior margin of the symphysis pubis,cystocele with open retrovesical angle (≥140°) and urethral rotation ≥45°.There were 4 cases with type Ⅲ,bladder was lower than inferoposterior margin of the symphysis pubis,cystocele with intact retrovesical angle (< 140°) and urethral rotation ≥45°.Conclusions The transperineal ultrasound can be used for classification of cystocele in female patients and which may provide more reliable information for clinical diagnosis.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466131

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application value of transperineal ultrasound in female urethras and pathological change of circum-urethras.Methods 403 female patients were examined by transperineal ultrasound in condition of resting and maximum Valsalva,female urethras and pathological changes of circum-urethras were observed and ultrasonic manifestation were concluded.Results By transperineal ultrasound the images of normal urethras and pathological change of circum-urethras were clearly discernible.403 female patients were examined,380 normal.18 urethral calcification,there was hyperecho stripe in urethras.2 urethral cyst,there was round anechoic area in circum-urethras and no fistula between round anechoic area with urethras.2 urethral diverticulum,there was round anechoic area in circumurethras and a fistula between round anechoic area with urethras.1 urethrovaginal fistula,there was irregular hypoechoic area between urethras with vagina,the irregular hypoechoic area both communicate with urethras and vagina.Conclusions Transperinealr ultrasound can be used for examination urethras and pathological change of circum-urethras in female patients and may provide more reliable information for clinical diagnosis.

12.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 731-734, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337110

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the abilities of transient elastography (TE) versus real-time tissue elastography (RTE) for assessing liver fibrosis in patients with chronic liver disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ninetytwo patients with chronic liver disease were enrolled in the study, and included 77 cases of chronic hepatitis B, 4 cases of chronic hepatitis C, 4 cases of autoimmune liver disease, 2 cases of primary biliary cirrhosis, I case of abnormal bile duct development, and 4 cases of unknown etiology.All patients were assessed by both TE and RTE in a single day.The correlation coefficient of liver fibrosis level and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of S more than 2 and =4 of TE and RTE were determined.The values were compared using findings fiom pathological analysis as reference.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The correlation coefficient of liver fibrosis level was significantly higher for TE (r =0.755, 95% CI:0.651-0.831, P =0.000) than for RTE (r=0.481, 95% CI:0.306-0.624, P =0.000) (Z=3.07, P =0.002).The areas under the ROC curves for S more than 2 and =4 were 0.903 and 0.740 for TE and 0.915 and 0.786 for RTE, respectively, indicating that the performance of TE was superior to that of RTE.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>TE was superior to RTE for assessment of liver fibrosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Autoimmune Diseases , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Diagnostic Imaging , Hepatitis C, Chronic , Diagnostic Imaging , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis, Biliary , Diagnostic Imaging , ROC Curve
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-439226

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the feasibility and accuracy of the transvaginal real-time three-dimensional hysterosalpingo-contrast sonography(RT 3D-HyCoSy) with SonoVue in the assessment of tubal patency.Methods Tubal patency was investigated by RT 3D-HyCoSy in 96 unselected infertile patients (a total of 191 tubes).The image quality of RT 3D-HyCoSy was evaluated.Laparoscopy was performed in 35 cases (a total of 70 tubes) of them.The efficacy of the procedure was compared with laparoscopy.Results The mean score of image quality of RT 3D-HyCoSy in ninety-six cases was 2.94 ± 0.26.The accordance between RT 3D-HyCoSy and laparoscopy was good,with the Kappa value was 0.802.Sensitivity,specificity,positive predictive value,negative predictive value and accuracy in diagnosing tubal patency by using RT 3D-HyCoSywas 87.5% (14/16),94.4% (51/54),82.3% (14/17),96.2% (51/53),92.9% (65/70),respectively.Conclusions Transvaginal RT 3D-HyCoSy is a good imaging technique which can display the morphological character of fallopian tube and assess the patency.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-434793

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility of detecting liver stiffness by real-time shear wave elastography (SWE) and establish a reference range of shear modulus in healthy liver of adults.Methods 335 adults underwent SWE detection to obtain the shear modulus of livers.The effects of different gender and age on the shear modulus in normal adult were analyzed.Thirty subjects were performed by two operators respectively to evaluate interobserver agreement.Results 329 health volunteers were detected successfully.The success rate was 98.2 %.The mean value of SWE measurements in normal individuals was (5.023 ± 0.966)kPa.The liver shear modulus of healthy adults had a 95% confidence interval from 4.918-5.128 kPa.There were no significant differences between the mean SWE values in men vs women (P =0.218),also among different age groups (P =0.271).No statistically significant was observed between the mean SWE values obtained by two different operators (P =0.498),interobserver ICC value was 0925.Conclusions SWE is a repeatability and stability method to access liver stiffness on healthy subjects.In our study the mean liver stiffness value obtained by SWE in healthy subjects was 5.023 kPa.The mean liver stiffness value obtained by SWE did not influenced by sex and age.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432093

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in the differential diagnosis of subserous myoma (SM) and ovarian fibroma.Methods CEUS was performed on 58 patients with SM and 26 patients with ovarian fibroma.The enhancement pattern was observed.The diagnostic performance was evaluated by using diagnostic test.Results SM exhibited homogeneous isoenhancement synchronously with the myometrium in early phase.In the late phase,the pseudocapsule remained hyper-enhancement with obvious membraniform sign.Some myomas showed the feeding artery from uterus.Ovarian fibroma demonstrated hyper-enhancement at the periphery portion and hypoenhancement inside.Conclusions The SM and ovarian myomas showed different enhancement patterns,which may provide us some exact information in the differential diagnosis between the two diseases.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-426140

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the feasibility of measurement of hepatic elastic modulus using shear wave elastography (SWE).Methods Hepatic elastic modulus of 95 health control people,70 liver fibrosis patients and 86 liver cirrhosis patients were measured by SWE.ResultsThe success rate of imaging of health control people and liver cirrhosis patients were 100%,the success rate of liver fibrosis patients was a little lower,but there was no significant difference between control people and liver cirrhosis patients or fibrosis patients and liver cirrhosis patients (P > 0.05 ).The modulus of elasticity had a significant difference in health control people,liver fibrosis patients and liver cirrhosis patients (P <0.05).The multiple parameter comparison of mean of three groups also showed a significant difference( P <0.05).The health control people had the lowest modulus of elasticity,the liver cirrhosis patients had the highest modulus of elasticity,there was an obvious upward trend.Conclusions SWE can be applied to the measurement of hepatic stiffness,it can better distinguish above three groups.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-423222

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the diagnostic performance of contrast-enhanced ultrasound in characterization of pelvic masses.Methods Contrast-enhanced ultrasound was performed on 137 patients with pelvic masses.The results were compared to pathological diagnostic criteria.The diagnostic performance was evaluated by using diagnostic test.Results Sensitivity,specificity,positive predictive value,negative predictive value,accuracy and area under ROC curve in diagnosing complex pelvic masses by using contrast-enhanced ultrasound were as follows:85.3% (29/34),93.2% (96/103),80.6% (29/36),95.0% ( 99/101 ),91.2% ( 125/137 ),0.892,respectively.Conclusions Contrast-enhanced ultrasound provides a simple and curate method for characterization of pelvic masses.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-422696

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo assess the diagnostic performance of contrast-enhanced ultrasound(CEUS)in characterization of adnexal masses in comparison with baseline ultrasound.MethodsOne hundred and thirty-seven masses were examined by CEUS and baseline ultrasound.Two independent investigators reviewed the images before and after contrast agent administration.The diagnostic performances were evaluated using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis and the interobserver agreement was analyzed.ResultsAfter review of CEUS,ROC analysis revealed significant improvement in differentiating between malignant and benign pelvic masses that the areas under the ROC curve were 0.731 and 0.738 at baseline ultrasound versus 0.891 and 0.903 at CEUS ( P <0.01 ).The accuracy for both investigators also improved significantly after reviewing CEUS.A better interobserver agreement was achieved after reviewing of CEUS (g =0.681 at baseline ultrasound versus κ =0.893 at CEUS) and a better result of specific diagnosis was obtained (73.2% and 74.2% at baseline ultrasound versus 90.7% and 91.2% at CEUS)(all P < 0.01 ).Conclusions Real-time CEUS improves the diagnostic performance in adnexal masses for discrimination between malignancy and benignity and improves the capability in specific diagnosis compared with baseline ultrasound.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-390788

ABSTRACT

Carcinoma of gallbladder is the most frequently encountered malignancy of the biliary system. Early diagnosis is very difficult and the tumour resection rate is low,and the prognosis of carcinoma of gallbladder is very poor. With the increasingly widespread acceptance of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC),the number of cases of unsuspected gallbladder carcinoma (UGC) has increased. However,management of UGC is a difficult issue in the absence of established guidelines. High age and history of stones are the risk factors for gallbladder carcinoma and they are related to UGC. Surgical handling and pneumoperitoneum play an important role in the metastasis. The surgical approach used for cholecystectomy would not seem to influence the outcome in patients with UGC. The tumour stage is the most important prognostic factor. To understand UGC better, we review its clinical characteristics,investigation,prognosis and especially the recent advances in the diagnosis and treatment of this disease.

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