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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0169, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394834

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Muscle injury in ski sports training has gradually increased, greatly impairing performance in ice and snow sports competitions. Objective: To study muscle injury and muscle movement during ice and snow sports training and the rehabilitation of muscle injuries. Methods: Thirty skiers with knee muscle injuries were selected as subjects and underwent rehabilitation training for six weeks, and the indicators were statistically evaluated. Results: The ski injuries were mainly muscle strain, muscle or ligament strain, and ligament rupture. The indices after treatment were significantly different from those before treatment (P < 0.05); compared with the three rehabilitation programs, the improvement of each index in group C was significantly different from that in the other two groups (P < 0.05), while there was no significant difference in the improvement of each index between the multi-angle isometric training treatment in group A and the proprioceptive neuromuscular stimulation technique in group B (P>0.05). Conclusion: The influence of recovery training technology on knee muscle re-education was proposed, and a rehabilitation plan for skiing was presented. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: O quadro de lesão muscular no treinamento esportivo de esqui tem aumentado gradualmente, prejudicando muito o desempenho das competições esportivas de gelo e neve. Objetivo: Estudar a lesão muscular e o movimento muscular durante o treinamento esportivo no gelo e na neve, bem como a reabilitação das lesões musculares. Métodos: Trinta esquiadores com lesão muscular no joelho foram selecionados como sujeitos e submetidos a treinamento de reabilitação por um total de 6 semanas, tendo os indicadores sido avaliados estatisticamente. Resultados: Os tipos de lesões no esqui foram principalmente tensão muscular, tensão muscular ou ligamentar e ruptura ligamentar. Os índices após o tratamento foram significativamente diferentes daqueles antes do tratamento (P < 0,05); comparado com os três programas de reabilitação, a melhora de cada índice no grupo C foi significativamente diferente da dos outros dois grupos (P < 0,05), enquanto não houve diferença significativa na melhora de cada índice entre o tratamento de treinamento isométrico multiangular no grupo A e a técnica de estimulação neuromuscular proprioceptiva no grupo B (P>0,05). Conclusão: A influência da tecnologia de treinamento de recuperação na reeducação muscular do joelho foi proposta, e foi apresentado um plano de reabilitação para a prática de esqui. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: El cuadro de lesiones musculares en el entrenamiento de los deportes de esquí ha ido aumentando progresivamente, lo que perjudica en gran medida el rendimiento en las competiciones de deportes de hielo y nieve. Objetivo: Estudiar las lesiones musculares y el movimiento muscular durante el entrenamiento de los deportes de hielo y nieve, así como la rehabilitación de las lesiones musculares. Métodos: Se seleccionaron como sujetos treinta esquiadores con lesiones musculares en la rodilla y se sometieron a un entrenamiento de rehabilitación durante un total de 6 semanas, y se evaluaron estadísticamente los indicadores. Resultados: Los tipos de lesiones de esquí fueron principalmente la distensión muscular, la distensión muscular o de ligamentos y la rotura de ligamentos. Los índices después del tratamiento fueron significativamente diferentes de los anteriores (P < 0,05); en comparación con los tres programas de rehabilitación, la mejora de cada índice en el grupo C fue significativamente diferente de la de los otros dos grupos (P < 0,05), mientras que no hubo diferencias significativas en la mejora de cada índice entre el tratamiento de entrenamiento isométrico multiángulo en el grupo A y la técnica de estimulación neuromuscular propioceptiva en el grupo B (P>0,05). Conclusión: Se propuso la influencia de la tecnología de entrenamiento de recuperación en la reeducación muscular de la rodilla y se presentó un plan de rehabilitación para el esquí. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

2.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(6): 837-839, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376760

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Dynamic stretching is a particular form of training. Currently, there is little research in academia about dynamic stretching in sports dancing. Objective Explore the role of functional dynamic stretching training in dance sports. Methods 60 sports dancers with a history of ankle injuries were randomly divided into a control and experimental group. All performed a training protocol twice a week, lasting 45 minutes, for eight weeks. A functional dynamic stretching training session was added to the control group. The effects were evaluated by the Cumberland scale, bilateral stability comparison, and balance control by the Perkin system. Data were statistically treated for analysis. Results There was no significant difference between the scores of healthy ankle joints and injured ankle joints in the two groups (P>0.05). After eight weeks of functional dynamic stretching training, there was a significant difference between the experimental and control groups on injured ankle joints (P<0.05). Conclusion Dynamic stretching training can effectively improve ankle joint stability in sports dancers. Concomitantly, this method effectively prevents injuries to the athlete's ankle joint. Evidence level II; Therapeutic Studies - Investigating the results.


RESUMO Introdução O alongamento dinâmico é uma forma especial de treinamento. Atualmente, existem poucas pesquisas no meio acadêmico sobre alongamento dinâmico na dança esportiva. Objetivo Explorar o papel do treino funcional de alongamento dinâmico na dança esportiva. Métodos 60 bailarinos esportivos com histórico de lesões no tornozelo foram divididos aleatoriamente em grupo controle e experimental. Todos realizaram um protocolo de treinamento duas vezes por semana, com duração de 45 minutos, por 8 semanas. Ao grupo controle foi adicionado um treino de alongamento dinâmico funcional. Os efeitos foram avaliados pela escala de Cumberland, comparação de estabilidade bilateral e controle de equilíbrio pelo sistema de Perkin. Os dados foram tratados estatisticamente para análise. Resultados Antes do experimento, não houve diferença significativa entre os escores das articulações do tornozelo saudáveis e das articulações do tornozelo lesionadas nos dois grupos (P>0,05). Após 8 semanas de treinamento funcional de alongamento dinâmico, houve diferença significativa entre o grupo experimental e o grupo controle nas articulações do tornozelo lesionadas (P<0,05). Conclusão O treinamento de alongamento dinâmico pode efetivamente melhorar a estabilidade da articulação do tornozelo nos bailarinos esportivos. Concomitantemente, esse método previne efetivamente a ocorrência de lesões na articulação do tornozelo do atleta. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - Investigação de resultados.


RESUMEN Introducción El estiramiento dinámico es una forma especial de entrenamiento. Actualmente, existen pocas investigaciones en el ámbito académico sobre los estiramientos dinámicos en el baile deportivo. Objetivo Explorar el papel del entrenamiento funcional de estiramiento dinámico en el baile deportivo. Métodos 60 bailarines deportivos con antecedentes de lesiones de tobillo fueron divididos aleatoriamente en un grupo de control y otro experimental. Todos realizaron un protocolo de entrenamiento dos veces por semana, de 45 minutos, durante 8 semanas. Al grupo de control se le añadió un entrenamiento de estiramiento dinámico funcional. Los efectos fueron evaluados por la escala Cumberland, la comparación de la estabilidad bilateral y el control del equilibrio por el sistema Perkin. Los datos fueron tratados estadísticamente para su análisis. Resultados Antes del experimento, no había diferencias significativas entre las puntuaciones de las articulaciones del tobillo sano y las articulaciones del tobillo lesionado en los dos grupos (P>0,05). Después de 8 semanas de entrenamiento funcional de estiramiento dinámico, hubo una diferencia significativa entre el grupo experimental y el grupo de control en las articulaciones del tobillo lesionadas (P<0,05). Conclusión El entrenamiento de estiramiento dinámico puede mejorar eficazmente la estabilidad de la articulación del tobillo en los bailarines deportivos. Al mismo tiempo, este método previene eficazmente la aparición de lesiones en la articulación del tobillo del deportista. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de resultados.

3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 578-581, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924107

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze and evaluate the mental health of students in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, so as to provide a reference for conducting mental health education in schools.@*Methods@#A total of 18 867 students aged 9-22 were enrolled from 65 primary and secondary schools and 4 universities in Inner Mongolia that participated in the 2019 National Students Physical Fitness and Health Survey. From September to November 2019, in conjunction with the national student physical health survey, a questionnaire survey of the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale(K10) was carried out.@*Results@#The K10 average score of the survey subjects was (21.96±8.67). The score of the Mongolian nationality(22.57±8.59) was higher than that of the Han nationality(21.53 ±8.70)( t =8.18), the score of rural area (22.42±8.32) was higher than that of the urban area(21.40±9.05)( t = 8.04 ), the primary school students had the lowest score (19.56±8.61) and the senior high school students had the highest score(23.30±8.75)( F =183.26)( P <0.01). In the overall survey subjects, the detection rates of the four levels in good, fair, poor and poor mental health were 25.62%, 28.82%, 26.44% and 19.12%, respectively, and the detection rate of psychological problems was 45.57%. The comparison of the detection rates of mental health problems among attributes showed that the rates of the Han and Mongolian nationalities were 43.27% and 48.85%, respectively( χ 2=101.25); the rates of urban and rural areas were 41.70% and 48.80%, respectively( χ 2=183.44); the rates of the male and the female were 44.88% and 46.26%, respectively( χ 2=19.24)( P < 0.01 ). The prevalence psychological problems among students in primary school, junior high school, senior high school and college were 33.60 %, 49.78%, 52.85% and 47.43%, respectively( χ 2=803.63, P <0.01). Multiple linear regression showed that the detection of psychological problems of Mongolian nationality, urban area, the female and high school students was relatively high. Nationality, urban or rural areas and school stages were the influencing factors of K10 scores[ B(B 95%CI )=0.78(0.05-1.04),0.81( 0.06- 1.06),0.93(0.08-1.03), P <0.05)].@*Conclusion@#Mental health problems are prevalent in adolescents in Inner Mongolia. The government, society, parents and schools should pay more attention to the construction of the software and hardware environment of students mental health, strengthen mental health education and services, and effectively promote the development of students mental health.

4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 437-441, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923147

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effect of proprioception combined with core stability training on the static balance ability and dynamic balance ability of college students, and to provide an experimental basis for studying body balance ability and preventing sports injuries.@*Methods@#In August 2019, 112 non sports students from Shandong Institute of Physical Education were recruited, and 52 subjects were selected as the intervention group and 60 as the control group by random number table method. The intervention group was given proprioceptive training combined with core stability training, while the control group was given core stability training. The static and dynamic balance abilities of the two groups of subjects before and after training were compared.@*Results@#The static balance ability of the intervention group was higher than that before the intervention ( F =2.17, P <0.05) at the 5th and 11th weeks, which were 18.31% and 47.37% higher, respectively. The ability to stand on one foot with eyes closed at the 11th week in the intervention group was higher than that in the control group at the 11th week( t =2.25, P <0.05). After training, the equilibrioception of the intervention group was improved, increasingly improved in the 11th week. And compared with that in intervention group in the 5th and 11th week, the ability was also higher than the balance ability of the intervention group before the intervention( F =2.37, P <0.01), 12.01% and 12.99% higher, respectively.@*Conclusion@#Proprioception and core stability training can effectively improve the static and dynamic balance ability of college students, and the training effect of proprioceptive training combined with core stability training is better than that of core stability training.

5.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 100-105, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862605

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the development status and sensitive periods of Han and Mongolian students physical fitness development in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, to provide a basis for further research on the growth and development of young students and the selection of athletes.@*Methods@#In 2014, 15 370 Han and Mongolian students from the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, ranging in age from 7 to 18 years old, participated in this study. Data on six physical fitness indices, namely grip strength, 50 meters, standing long jump, 800 meters or 1 000 meters, pull-ups/sit-ups in succession, and sit-and-reach were collected. Furthermore, using the average annual growth rate and the standard deviation of half annual growth rate, critical values and the ages at which sensitive periods occur were calculated to examine the differences in the development of various physical qualities between the two ethnic groups.@*Results@#The students showed different growth rates of various indicators at different ages. A sensitive period for strength occurred in Han and Mongolian boys aged 13-15 years old and 12-15 years old, respectively. Sensitive periods for speed occurred in Han and Mongolian boys aged 8-10, 13, and 15 years and 8, 10, and 13-15 years, respectively. Sensitive periods for endurance occurred in Mongolian girls aged 8, 14, and 18 years. Sensitive periods for flexibility occurred in Han girls aged 13 and 15 years old.@*Conclusion@#Han and Mongolian students experience sensitive periods for different physical qualities at different ages. Moreover, there are apparent ethnic and gender differences that are retained across age groups and several scattered age points that exist alone or interspersed with each other.

6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 964-968, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886298

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Physical health of contemporary children and adolescents decreasing due to physical inactivity. After review of the implementation of physical activity promotion among children and adolescents at home, this paper analyzes the possible reasons of physical activities neglected, constrained and occupied by the family, school and community, and proposes an integrated supportive environment for physical activities among "family school community", so as to promote physical activity among children and adolescents and improve their physical health accordingly.

7.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(1): e9136, Jan. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055487

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) on the cardiac function of beagle dogs after prolonged ventricular fibrillation. Twenty-four adult male beagles were randomly divided into control and EECP groups. Ventricular fibrillation was induced in the animals for 12 min, followed by 2 min of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. They then received EECP therapy for 4 h (EECP group) or not (control group). The hemodynamics was monitored using the PiCCO2 system. Blood gas and hemorheology were assessed at baseline and at 1, 2, and 4 h after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). The myocardial blood flow (MBF) was quantified by 18F-flurpiridaz PET myocardial perfusion imaging at baseline and 4 h after ROSC. Survival time of the animals was recorded within 24 h. Ventricular fibrillation was successfully induced in all animals, and they achieved ROSC after cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Survival time of the control group was shorter than that of the EECP group [median of 8 h (min 8 h, max 21 h) vs median of 24 h (min 16 h, max 24 h) (Kaplan Meyer plot analysis, P=0.0152). EECP improved blood gas analysis findings and increased the coronary perfusion pressure and MBF value. EECP also improved the cardiac function of Beagles after ROSC in multiple aspects, significantly increased blood flow velocity, and decreased plasma viscosity, erythrocyte aggregation index, and hematocrit levels. EECP improved the hemodynamics of beagle dogs and increased MBF, subsequently improving cardiac function and ultimately improving the survival time of animals after ROSC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Dogs , Counterpulsation/methods , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/methods , Hemodynamics/physiology , Case-Control Studies , Disease Models, Animal , Kaplan-Meier Estimate
8.
Biol. Res ; 53: 39, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131884

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) is a representative prediabetes characterized by defective glucose homeostasis, and palmatine (PAL) is a natural isoquinoline alkaloid with multiple pharmacological effects. Our study aims to investigate the therapeutic effect of PAL on the impaired glucose tolerance. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were used to establish an IGT model with high fat diet (HFD). Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and further biochemical analysis were conducted to determine the effect of PAL on glucose intolerance in vivo. Molecular details were clarified in a cellular model of IGT induced by Palmitate (PA) on INS-1 cells. RESULTS: Our study demonstrated a relief of IGT with improved insulin resistance in HFD induced rats after PAL treatment. Besides, promoted pancreas islets function was validated with significantly increased ß cell mass after the treatment of PAL. We further found out that PAL could alleviate the ß cell apoptosis that accounts for ß cell mass loss in IGT model. Moreover, MAPK signaling was investigated in vivo and vitro with the discovery that PAL regulated the MAPK signaling by restricting the ERK and JNK cascades. The insulin secretion assay indicated that PAL significantly promoted the defective insulin secretion in PA-induced INS-1 cells via JNK rather than ERK signaling. Furthermore, PAL treatment was determined to significantly suppress ß cell apoptosis in PA-induced cells. We thus thought that PAL promoted the PA-induced impaired insulin release by inhibiting the ß; cell apoptosis and JNK signaling in vitro. CONCLUSION: In summary, PAL ameliorates HFD-induced IGT with novel mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Berberine Alkaloids/pharmacology , Insulin Resistance , Glucose Intolerance/drug therapy , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Blood Glucose , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Insulin
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-849766

ABSTRACT

Corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) progresses very rapidly and a part of patients' condition quickly deteriorate to a severe type or critical severe type, even died of multiple organ failure. Therapeutic principle of these patients is centered on improving oxygenation and lung protection and multiple organ function support. Respiration support includes high-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy (HFNC), non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV), tracheal cannula with mechanical ventilation and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and assistance methods including lung recruitment and prone position ventilation. Considering COVID-19 progresses rapidly and is very difficult in respiratory therapy, we should pay close attention to above mentioned methods. In particular, identifying risk factors of treatment failure of HFNC and NIPPV in early phase, applying lung recruitment prudently and active application of turning around and beat back and prone position ventilation to help postural drainage and early tracheal cannula with mechanical ventilation and ECMO would be beneficial to the patients.

10.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 891-894, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825206

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the first family cluster of COVID-19 in Lanzhou, so as to provide basis for improving the COVID-19 outbreak prevention capacity. @*Methods @# On January 23, the First Hospital of Lanzhou University reported two suspected cases of COVID-19.According to the COVID-19 Epidemiological Investigation Plan ( second edition ) , general information, disease diagnosis and treatment, clinical symptoms, laboratory test results, household environment, exposure history and close contacts were collected to figure out the source of infection and routes of transmission. @*Results@#This family cluster lasted 29 days, from January 23 to February 21, reporting nine confirmed cases ( one death ) and one asymptomatic case. There were three imported cases from Wuhan, who were the source of the cluster; and seven secondary cases, who all had close contact with the imported cases during daily life or through having dinners. The secondary attack rate was 41.18% ( 7/17 ) . Among 9 confirmed cases, the incubation period ranged from four to ten days, with a median of nine days. Except for seven secondary cases, 24 close contacts were found and detected negative in the nucleic acid tests.@*Conclusions@#The first family cluster of COVID-19 in Lanzhou is caused by the imported cases from Wuhan. All the secondary cases have had dinners and/or had contact with the imported cases, thus they are infected through respiratory droplets and close contact.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820996

ABSTRACT

@# Objective: To investigate the anti-tumor effect of CTL cells on colon cancer xenograft in nude mice after knocking out the immune check point CTLA-4 by CRISPR/Cas9 technology. Methods: A specific small guide RNA (sgRNA) for CTLA-4 was designed to construct sgRNA/Cas9 plasmid, which was then transfected into CTL using a lentiviral vector to obtain CTL cells with CTLA-4 deletion (CTLA-4 KO CTL). The transfection efficiency of the plasmid and the deletion efficiency of CTLA-4 were verified. BALB/c nude mice were randomly divided into two groups to prophylactically inoculate CTLA-4 KO CTL (experimental group) or CTL (control group); 3 days later, the animals of two groups were inoculated with colon cancer cell line LS174-T to observe the tumor formation rate and tumor formation time. After constructing colon cancer xenograft model in nude mice, the animals were randomly divided into two groups, respectively treated with CTLA-4 KO CTL (experimental group) and CTL (control group) cells to observe the tumor growth volume and survival time of mice. The serum levels of TNF-α and IFN-γ in nude mice were detected. Results: sgRNAwas designed and CRSIPR/Cas9 system with lentivirus as vector was successfully constructed. CTL cells were transfected with the established CRSIPR/ Cas9 system, and the highest transfection efficiency was up to (28.80±0.62)%. After transfection, the deletion efficiency of CTLA-4 was detected by Flow cytometry. The CTLA-4 expression of CTLA-4 KO CTL group was significantly lower than that of CTL group [(0.91±0.25)% vs (42.70±2.72)%, P<0.05]. In prophylactic assay, the formation rate of colon cancer xenografts in the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group(33.33%vs100%,P<0.05). In treatment assay, the tumor volume in the experimental group was significantly inhibited compared with the control group ([503±23.9] vs [911.2±51.4] mm3, P<0.05), and the survivaltimeoftheexperimentalgroupwassignificantlyprolonged (mediansurvivaltime:78dvs42d,P<0.05); Moreover, the secretion levels of serumTNF-α([268.93±17.04]pg/mlvs[148.26±20.07]pg/ml,P<0.05) and IFN-γ(315.38±18.67 pg/ml vs 202.92±29.32 pg/ml, P<0.05) in the experimental group were significantly higher than those in the control group. Conclusions: The lentiviral vector CRSIPR/Cas9 system is an effective gene editing method; its successful deletion of CTLA-4 in CTL cells can significantly inhibit the tumor formation rate of colon cancer xenografts in nude mice and enhance the anti-tumor effect of CTLon colon cancer xenografts.

12.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-192242

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aims to evaluate the pharyngeal airway dimensions among Chinese adults in relation to Class I and Class II facial skeletal patterns using three-dimensional cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images. Materials and Methods: A total of 156 initial CBCT images were evaluated, which were classified into skeletal Class I and Class II according to ANB angle with mean (SD) age being 22.56 ± 4.0 years and 22.32 ± 3.6 years. The pharyngeal airway volume, airway area, minimum cross-sectional area (MCA) and the distance from uvula (tip of the soft palate) to mental spine (U-MS distance) were assessed with Dolphin imaging software. Results: Compared with Class I group, Class II group displayed significantly smaller pharyngeal airway volume, airway area and MCA (P <.01, P =0.03, and P =0.008, respectively), and shorter U-MS distance (P <.001). Comparing gender subgroups, the female subgroup showed the smallest airway measurement. Spearman correlation test results showed that the airway volume and area had a significant positive correlation with U-MS distance (r = 0.22, P = 0.005, and r = 0.28, P < 0.005, respectively) and negative correlation with ANB angle (r = −0.23, P = 0.002, and r = −0.21, P = 0.007, respectively). Conclusions: Pharyngeal airway volume, airway area, MCA, and the U-MS distance were smaller in skeletal Class II than Class I Chinese adult subjects and lower in female Class II subgroup. Additionally, there was a correlation observed between the mandibular distance (U-MS), ANB angle and airway size.

13.
Biol. Res ; 52: 8, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011404

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer (CC) ranks third in the morbidity and mortality of female cancer around the world. Derlin1 has been found to be overexpressed in several human cancers. However, it is still unclear about its roles in CC. The research aims to explore the relationship between Derlin1 and CC. METHODS: We purchased a human CC tissues microarray, which contained CC tissues and corresponding para-cancerous tissues from 93 patients with primary cervical squamous cell carcinoma. Immunohistochemical staining was used to confirm the expression of Derlin1 in these tissues. And we detected the differential expression of Derlin1 in cervical cancer cell lines and normal cervical epithelial cells (H8). Further, the cervical cancer cell lines SiHa and C33A were used as an in vitro model, which was down-regulated the expression of Derlin1 using siRNA interference technology. The effects of Derlin1 down-regulating in CC cell lines on cell proliferation and migration were detected by CCK8 assay and transwell assay, respectively. The effect of Derlin1 down-regulating on apoptosis was analyzed by flow cytometry, and apoptosis-related proteins were detected using western blotting. In-depth mechanisms were studied using western blotting. In addition, the effects of Derlin1 up-regulating in normal cervical epithelial cells also were exposed. RESULTS: Derlin1 was significantly elevated in CC tissues (81.7%, 76/93), and the expression of Derlin 1 was positively correlated with the tumor size, pathological grade, and lymph node metastasis in CC patients. And Derlin 1 was high expressed in cervical cancer cell lines compared to H8 cells. Knockdown of Derlin 1 in cervical cancer cell lines inhibited cell proliferation and migration. Moreover, knockdown of Derlin 1 induced apoptosis and affected the expression of apoptosis-related proteins, including Bcl-2, Bax, Bim, caspase3 and caspase9. Further experiments showed that AKT/mTOR signal pathway might be involve in this processes that knockdown of Derlin 1 inhibited the expression of p-AKT and p-mTOR. Over-expression of Derlin 1 in H8 cells promoted cell proliferation and migration via up-regulated the expression of p-AKT and p-mTOR. CONCLUSION: Derlin 1 is an oncogene in CC via AKT/mTOR pathway. It might be a potential therapeutic target for CC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/metabolism , Signal Transduction/physiology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Apoptosis , Protein Array Analysis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/physiology
14.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(9): e8525, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011614

ABSTRACT

Many compounds of ginsenosides show anti-inflammatory properties. However, their anti-inflammatory effects in intervertebral chondrocytes in the presence of inflammatory factors have never been shown. Increased levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines are generally associated with the degradation and death of chondrocytes; therefore, finding an effective and nontoxic substance that attenuates the inflammation is worthwhile. In this study, chondrocytes were isolated from the nucleus pulposus tissues, and the cells were treated with ginsenoside compounds and IL-1β, alone and in combination. Cell viability and death rate were assessed by CCK-8 and flow cytometry methods, respectively. PCR, western blot, and immunoprecipitation assays were performed to determine the mRNA and protein expression, and the interactions between proteins, respectively. Monomeric component of ginsenoside Rd had no toxicity at the tested range of concentrations. Furthermore, Rd suppressed the inflammatory response of chondrocytes to interleukin (IL)-1β by suppressing the increase in IL-1β, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, IL-6, COX-2, and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression, and retarding IL-1β-induced degradation of chondrocytes by improving cell proliferation characteristics and expression of aggrecan and COL2A1. These protective effects of Rd were associated with ubiquitination of IL-1 receptor accessory protein (IL1RAP), blocking the stimulation of IL-1β to NF-κB. Bioinformatics analysis showed that NEDD4, CBL, CBLB, CBLC, and ITCH most likely target IL1RAP. Rd increased intracellular ITCH level and the amount of ITCH attaching to IL1RAP. Thus, IL1RAP ubiquitination promoted by Rd is likely to occur by up-regulation of ITCH. In summary, Rd inhibited IL-1β-induced inflammation and degradation of intervertebral disc chondrocytes by increasing IL1RAP ubiquitination.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Chondrocytes/drug effects , Ginsenosides/pharmacology , Interleukin-1beta/drug effects , Interleukin-1 Receptor Accessory Protein/metabolism , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/metabolism , Dinoprostone/metabolism , Cell Survival/drug effects , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Low Back Pain/metabolism , Nitric Oxide Synthase/metabolism , Chondrocytes/cytology , Chondrocytes/metabolism , Ginsenosides/metabolism , Cyclooxygenase 2/metabolism , Aggrecans/metabolism , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Ubiquitination , Nucleus Pulposus/cytology , Nucleus Pulposus/drug effects , Nucleus Pulposus/metabolism , Inflammation/metabolism
15.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1053-1057, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818651

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the relationship between dormitory environment and respiratory tract infection among college students.@*Methods@#A total of 890 dormitory rooms and 1 727 college students were investigated on symptoms including cough, hemoptysis and dyspnea or chest pain, as well as room sanitation(wet stain, mildew, damp, water loss and suspicious windows condensate), cleaning frequency and resident population. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, correlation analysis and Logistic regression analysis by SPSS.@*Results@#63.0% of the school dorms were found of dampness, mustiness and water loss, 67.3% of students had the subjective perception of odor. Except for the dryness of air, the rate of subjective perception of odor of the damp dorms was higher than that of dry dorms, and the differences were of statistical significance(P<0.01). Factors such as sex, age, dorm orientation, bathroom equipment, were partially related to symptoms of students’ self-perception and diseases confirmed by the doctors(P<0.05). High humidity were significantly related to symptoms including cough, expectoration, dyspnea, asthma and bronchiectasia(P<0.05), while subjective perception of odor associated with risk of respiratory infections and symptoms.@*Conclusion@#Multipe dormitory evvironmental problems may cause respiratory tract infection and symptoms of college students, dorm sanitation should be promoted among college students.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818499

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the spatial distribution of Oncomelania hupensis snail habitats at the administrative village scale in schistosomiasis-endemic areas of Hubei Province, so as to provide scientific bases for precise control of O. hupensis snails in the province. Methods Data regarding snail distribution at the village level in Hubei Province in 2017 were collected to create a spatial analysis database of snail distribution in Hubei Province. The spatial aggregations of O. hupensis distribution were analyzed using Moran’s I index and Local Moran’s I index. In addition, the distances from schistosomiasis-endemic villages to the Yangtze River were captured using the software ArcGIS 13.0, and their correlations with area of snail habitats were examined with the Spearman correlation method. Results O. hupensis snails were mainly distributed in 5 450 endemic villages from 63 counties of 13 cities in Hubei Province in 2017. The global spatial autocorrelation analysis showed spatial aggregations in the areas of historically accumulated snail habitats, current areas of snail habitats, areas of snail habitats outside the embankment and snail habitats inside the embankment (all Z Scores > 0, all P values < 0.05), and no spatial aggregation was seen in the areas of snail habitats in hilly areas (Z Score > 0, P > 0.05). There were four types of spatial distribution of historically accumulated areas of snail habitats, areas of current snail habitats, areas of snail habitats outside the embankment and snail habitats inside the embankment, including the high-high type (H-H type), high-low type (H-L type), low-high type (L-H type) and random distribution type, and a high percentage of the H-H type was found. There were 340, 125 and 110 endemic villages with the H-H type of areas of historically accumulated snail habitats, current areas of snail habitats and areas of snail habitats outside the embankment, and these villages were mainly concentrated in Wuhan and Jingzhou cities, with almost consistent spatial aggregation locations. There were 319 endemic villages with the H-H type of distribution of snail habitats inside the embankment, which were mainly distributed in Jingzhou, Xiaogan and Huangshi cities. In addition, the areas of historically accumulated snail habitats, current areas of snail habitats and areas of snail habitats outside the embankment negatively correlated with the distance from the endemic villages to the Yangtze River (r = −0.094, P < 0.01; r = −0.225, P < 0.01; r = −0.177, P < 0.01). Conclusion The clustering areas of snail habitats along the Yangtze River Basin, notably the villages near the Yangtze River are key regions for snail monitoring and control in Hubei Province.

17.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1449-1452, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815829

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#To deeply implement important instructions given by General Secretary Xi Jinping on childhood myopia prevention and control, eight departments including the Ministry of Education jointly issued the implementation. This editorial summarized current progress in preventing and controlling myopia in children and adolescents in organizational leadership, key performance indicators, team building, professional support, scientific research, financial input, publicity and education, standardized management of myopia, as well as supervision and evaluation, all of which provided important support for the building of a healthy China.

18.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1767-1770, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815620

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#To thoroughly implement General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important instructions on preventing and controlling myopia in children, the Ministry of Education together in collaboration with relevant eight departments jointly issued and implemented a plan to tackle and prevent myopia among children and young students. This article focuses on strengthening organizational leadership, optimizing system design, ensuring responsibilities of implerentation, uniting prevention and control efforts, highlighting pilot drive, strengthening demonstration guidance, promoting integration of teaching and medicine, playing the role of experts, insisting on scientific prevention and control, regularly monitoring and early warning, and reducing academic burden. Strengthen physical training, strengthen hardware construction, improve the visual environment, collaborative family-school relationship, comprehensively overcome difficulties, strengthen market supervision, standardize industry behavior, strengthen team building, strengthen professional training, support professional construction, provide intellectual support, increase financial investment, ensure the implementation of funds, strengthen publicity and education, highlight the function of educating people, improve the assessment mechanism, and be accountable according to regulations and laws. This paper summarizes the phased progress made in the comprehensive prevention and control of myopia among children and adolescents in provinces (cities, districts) across China over the past year through the solid implementation of the Plan. A number of phased achievements have been achieved, providing important supports for the construction of a healthy China.

19.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(3): 443-451, July-Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951793

ABSTRACT

Abstract As a glacier retreats, barren areas are exposed, and these barren areas are ideal sites to study microbial succession. In this study, we characterized the soil culturable bacterial communities and biochemical parameters of early successional soils from a receding glacier in the Tianshan Mountains. The total number of culturable bacteria ranged from 2.19 × 105 to 1.30 × 106 CFU g-1 dw and from 9.33 × 105 to 2.53 × 106 CFU g-1 dw at 4 °C and 25 °C, respectively. The number of culturable bacteria in the soil increased at 25 °C but decreased at 4 °C along the chronosequence. The total organic carbon, total nitrogen content, and enzymatic activity were relatively low in the glacier foreland. The number of culturable bacteria isolated at 25 °C was significantly positively correlated with the TOC and TN as well as the soil urease, protease, polyphenoloxidase, sucrase, catalase, and dehydrogenase activities. We obtained 358 isolates from the glacier foreland soils that clustered into 35 groups using amplified ribosomal DNA restriction analysis. These groups are affiliated with 20 genera that belong to six taxa, namely, Alphaproteobacteria, Betaproteobacteria, Gammaproteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Bacteroides, and Deinococcus-Thermus, with a predominance of members of Actinobacteria and Proteobacteria in all of the samples. A redundancy analysis showed that the bacterial succession was divided into three periods, an early stage (10a), a middle stage (25-74a), and a late stage (100-130a), with the total number of culturable bacteria mainly being affected by the soil enzymatic activity, suggesting that the microbial succession correlated with the soil age along the foreland.


Subject(s)
Bacteria/isolation & purification , Ice Cover/microbiology , Ice Cover/chemistry , Phylogeny , Soil/chemistry , Soil Microbiology , Bacteria/classification , Bacteria/growth & development , Bacteria/genetics , DNA, Bacterial/genetics , DNA, Ribosomal/genetics , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics , China , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Nitrogen/analysis , Nitrogen/metabolism
20.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2018; 31 (4 [Special]): 1767-1771
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-199283

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to observe and analyze the effecr of Radix astragali and Salvia miltiorrhiza on skeletal muscle injury of aerobics athletes. In this study, 600 cases of aerobics athletes with skeletal muscle injury were randomly divided into experimental group and control group according to different treatment regimens, and the number of cases was the same, each with 300 cases. The control group was given local massage and rehabilitation training. On the basis of the above, Radix astragali and Salvia mitiorrhiza injection was given to the experimental group. The indicators of overall treatment efficiency, improvement of serum SOD level, improvement of serum MDA content, comparison of plasma creatine kinase [CK] and myoglobin [MB] were observed and compared between the two groups. After implementation of different treatment programs, in comparison of overall treatment efficiency, the experimental group is significantly suoerior to the control group [P<0.05]; in comparison of improvement of serum SOD level, improvement of serum MDA content, the experimental group is superior to the group [P<0.05].In addition, in comparison of plasma creatine kinase [CK] and myoglobin [Mb] level, the experimental group is significantly superior to the control group [P<0.05]. It is very important for aerobics athletes with skeletal muscle injury to take active and effective therapy to recover as soon as possible. The progra of Radix astragali and Salvia miltiorrhiza injection has obvious effect, which can promote athletes' skeletal muscl injury repair and improve the overall treatment efficiency, which is worth popularizing in practice

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