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1.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 609-613, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993862

ABSTRACT

Gastrointestinal tumors(GT)are characterized by both high malignancy and high mortality and have become the major diseases for prevention in the elderly.GT often present detectable changes, including bleeding and abnormal mucosal morphology.However, many technical difficulties remain in accurately monitoring the tumor itself and related abnormal lesions mentioned above, which are the key factors affecting the early detection rate of gastrointestinal tumors.In recent years, with progresses in artificial intelligence(AI)applications for digestive endoscopy image analysis, biosensors, new biomarkers and other areas, AI holds promise for the detection of bleeding, morphological and structural abnormalities of the mucosa, tumors and other major disorders.Here we review the progress of AI applications in geriatric digestive diseases affecting digestive organs and the mucosa in light of morphology and function, to provide a reference for reducing the incidence of both geriatric emergencies and GT.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1318-1325, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956787

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of CT imaging features in evaluating occult peritoneal metastasis (OPM) of diffuse infiltrating gastric cancer (Borrmann Type Ⅳ).Methods:Totally 101 patients with locally advanced Borrmann type Ⅳ gastric cancer were retrospectively collected who were admitted to Peking University Cancer Hospital from March 2014 to March 2021. The patients were divided into OPM group (53 cases) and the non-OPM group (48 cases) according to the results of preoperative CT and laparoscopic exploration/peritoneal cytology examination. The pathological examination results were recorded, including the degree of histological differentiation and Lauren classification. The evaluation indicators included the tumor center position, the number of tumor-occupied portions, involved orientation, mucosal broadband sign, stratified enhancement, serosa invasion, increased density of peripheral fat tissue, and enlarged lymph nodes. The maximum thickness of the primary tumor, average CT value of the primary tumor (arterial phase, venous phase, and delayed phase), difference between venous phase and arterial phase, difference between delayed phase and venous phase, and pattern of the enhanced curve were recorded. The Mann-Whitney U or Chi-square test was used to compare the differences of pathological and CT features between two groups. The multivariate logistic regression was used to screen independent predictors and establish a nomogram. The receiver operating characteristic curve was used to evaluate the performance of the nomogram in predicting OPM, and the Hosmer-Lemeshow test was used to test the model′s goodness of fit. Results:There was statistical significance in the seven indicators between the OPM and non-OPM groups, including tumor-occupied portions of stomach, mucosal broadband sign, stratified enhancement, serosa invasion, increased density of peripheral fat tissue, the enhanced curve pattern and the degree of histological differentiation ( P<0.05). Among them, the degree of histological differentiation (OR=0.19, P=0.033), stratified enhancement (OR=7.02, P=0.005) and serosa invasion (OR=14.27, P<0.001) were independent predictors of OPM. The nomogram was established based on the three significant features. The area under the curve for predicting OPM was 0.826 (95%CI 0.745-0.908), the sensitivity was 0.566 and the specificity was 0.938. The Hosmer-Lemeshow test showed a good agreement between the OPM risk predicted by the nomogram and the actual risk ( P=0.525). Conclusions:The CT features of Borrmann type Ⅳgastric cancer complicated with OPM have specific characteristics. The diagnosis model based on the degree of histological differentiation, stratified enhancement, and serosa invasion had high efficacy in evaluating OPM.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865049

ABSTRACT

Since the outbreak of Corona Virus Disease 2019 occurred in December 2019, the reduction of population mobility has curbed the spread of the epidemic to some extent but also prolonged the waiting time for the treatment of patients with gastric cancer. Based on fully understanding the different staging characteristics of gastric cancer, clinical departments should develop reasonable out-of-hospital management strategies. On one hand, reasonable communication channels should be established to allow patients to receive adequate guidance out of the hospital. On the other hand, shared decisions with patients should be made to adjust treatment strategies, and education on viral prevention should be implemented to minimize the impact of the epidemic on tumor treatment.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810848

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the feasibility of assessing complications registration through medical information.@*Methods@#A descriptive case series study was performed to retrospectively collect medical information and complication registration information of gastric cancer patients at Department of Gastrointestinal Cancer Center Ward I, Peking University Cancer Hospital from November 1, 2016 to March 1, 2017 (the first period), and from November 1, 2018 to March 1, 2019 (the second period). Case inclusion criteria: (1) adenocarcinoma confirmed by gastroscopy and biopsy; (2) patients undergoing open surgery or laparoscopic radical gastrectomy; (3) complete postoperative medical information and complication information. Patients who were directly transferred to ICU after surgery and underwent emergency surgery were excluded. Because difference of the complication registration procedure at our department existed before and after 2018, so the above two periods were selected to be used for analysis on enrolled patients. The prescription information during hospitalization, including nursing, medication, laboratory examination, transference, surgical advice, etc. were compared with the current Standard Operating Procedure (SOP, including preoperative routine examinations, inspection, perioperative preventive antibiotic use, postoperative observational tests, inspection, routine nutritional support, prophylactic anticoagulation, and prophylactic inhibition of pancreatic enzymes, etc.) for gastric cancer at our department. Medical order beyond SOP was defined as medical order variation. Postoperative complication was diagnosed using the Clavien-Dindo classification criteria, which was divided into I, II, IIIa, IIIb, IVa, IVb, and V. Medical order variation and complication registration information were compared between the two periods, including consistence between medical order variation and complication registration, missing report, underestimation or overestimation of medical order variation, and registration rate of medical order variation [registration rate = (total number of patients–number of missing report patients)/total number of patients], severe complications (Clavien-Dindo classification ≥ III), medical order variation deviating from SOP and the corresponding inferred grading of complication. The data was organized using Microsoft Office Excel 2010.@*Results@#A total of 177 gastric cancer patients were included in the analysis. The first period group and the second period group comprised 89 and 88 cases, respectively. The registrated complication rate was 23.6% (21/89) and 36.4% (32/88), and the incidence of severe complication was 2.2% (2/89) and 4.5% (4/88) in the first and the second period, respectively. The complication rate inferred from medical order variation was 74.2% (66/89) and 78.4% (69/88), and the incidence of severe complication was 7.9% (7/89) and 4.5% (4/88) in the first and second period, respectively. In the first and second period, the proportions of medical order variation in accordance with registered complication were 36.0% and 45.5% respectively; the proportion of underestimation, overestimation and missing report were 5.6% and 4.5%, 4.5% and 4.5%, 53.9% and 45.5%, respectively; the registration rate of medical order variation was 46.1% and 54.5%; the number of case with grade I complications inferred from medical order variation was 34 (38.2%) and 25 (28.4%), respectively; and the number of grade II was 12 (13.5%) and 15 cases (17.0%), respectively. The reason of the missing report of medical order variation corresponding to grade I complication was mainly the single use of analgesic drugs outside SOP, accounting for 76.5% (26/34) and 64.0% (16/25) in the first and second period respectively, and that corresponding to grade II complication was mainly the use of non-prophylactic antibiotics, accounting for 9/12 cases and 5/15 cases, respectively.@*Conclusions@#Medical information can evaluate the morbidity of complication feasibly and effectively. Attention should be paid to routine registration to avoid specific missing report.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753016

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application value of carbon nanoparticle labeled lymph node staining in radical resection of adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction with preoperative chemoradiotherapy.Methods The retrospective cohort study was conducted.The clinicopathological data of 56 patients with adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction who underwent preoperative chemoradiotherapy in the Peking University Cancer Hospital from January 2014 to November 2017 were collected.There were 52 males and 4 females,aged from 22 to 76 years,with an average age of 62 years.Among 56 patients undergoing total gastrectomy and D2 lymphadenectomy,17 using carbon nanoparticle lymph node staining and 39 using traditional lymph node sorting were respectively allocated into observation group and control group.Observation indicators:(1) treatment situations;(2) detection of lymph nodes;(3) perioperative complications;(4) follow-up.Followup using outpatient examination and telephone interview was performed to detect tumor recurrence or metastasis up to May 2019.Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean±SD,and comparison between groups was evaluated by the independent sample t test.Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (range),and comparison between groups was evaluated by the Mann-Whitney U test.Count data were described as absolute numbers,and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test or Fisher exact propability.Comparison of ordinal data was analyzed using the nonparametric rank sum test.Results (1) Treatment situations:patients in both groups were successfully treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy based on intensity modulated radiotherapy before operation.Radical gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy was successfully performed after chemoradiotherapy,and Roux-en-Y esophagojejunostomy was used to reconstruct the digestive tract during operation.The operation time and volume of intraoperative blood loss were respectively (217± 58)minutes and (112±60)mL in the observation group,and (235±65) minutes and (119±77)mL in the control group,with no statistically significant difference between the two groups (t =1.017,0.341,P>0.05).(2) Detection of lymph nodes:the average number of harvested lymph nodes,average number of radiation target lymph nodes,and average number of peritarget lymph nodes were respectively 32± 10,21±8,and 7±4 in the observation group,and 22±7,16±5,5±3 in the control group,with statistically significant differences between the two groups (t=4.138,2.881,2.401,P<0.05).The median number of positive lymph nodes harvested,median number of positive radiation target lymph nodes,and median number of positive peritarget lymph nodes were respectively 0 (range,0-2),0 (range,0-2),and 0 (range,0-0) in the observation group,and 0 (range,0-7),0 (range,0-3),and 0 (range,0-1) in the control group,showing no statistically significant difference between the two groups (Z=1.305,1.101,0.660,P > 0.05).(3) Perioperative complications:6 and 18 patients in the observation group and the control group had complications,respectively,with no statistically significant difference between the two groups (x2=0.570,P>0.05).Patients with complications were improved after drug treatment and local treatment without second operation.No local or systemic adverse reactions caused by carbon nanoparticles was observed during and after operation in the observation group.(4) Follow-up:56 patients were followed up for 5-65 months,with a median follow-up time of 32 months.There were 14 and 6 patients in the observation group and the control group with tumor recurrence or metastasis,respectively,showing no significant difference between the two groups (x2 =0.002,P>0.05).Conclusion Carbon nanoparticle labeled lymph node staining in radical resection of adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction with preoperative chemoradiotherapy can increase the number of harvested lymph nodes.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699128

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the impact of neoadjuvant therapy on the number of harvested lymph nodes in D2 radical resection of the proximal locally advanced gastric cancer (GC).Methods The retrospective cohort study was conducted.The clinicopathological data of 319 patients with proximal locally advanced GC who were admitted to the Beijing Cancer Hospital from January 2013 to September 2016 were collected.Of 319 patients,200 underwent D2 radical resection of GC and didn't undergo neoadjuvant therapy who were divided into the surgery group,88 underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy into the chemotherapy group,and 31 underwent neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy into the chemoradiotherapy group.Observation indicators and evaluation criteria:comparison of postoperative pathological results among 3 groups,according to tumor staging guideline of American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) (8th version) Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as x±s,comparisons among groups were analyzed using the ANOVA.Measurement data with skewed distribution were described as M (range),comparisons among groups were analyzed using the ANOVA,and pairwise comparisons were analyzed using nonparametric test.Comparisons of count data among groups were analyzed using the exact chisquare test,and pairwise comparisons were analyzed using the chi-square partition method.Results Comparison of postoperative pathological results among 3 groups:stage T0,Tla,Tlb,T2,T3,T4a and T4b of T staging were respectively detected in 0,2,10,24,99,58,7 patients in the surgery group and 5,1,2,11,41,26,2 patients in the chemotherapy group and 5,1,2,8,10,4,1 patients in the chemoradiotherapy group.Stage N0,N1,N2,N3a and N3b of N staging 56,41,34,47,22 patients in the surgery group and 29,17,27,10,5 patients in the chemotherapy group and 18,10,2,1,0 in the chemoradiotherapy group.Cases with and without lymphovascular invasion were respectively 124,76 in the surgery group and 43,45 in the chemotherapy group and 6,25 in the chemoradiotherapy group.Total number of harvested lymph nodes,number of lymph node metastases and rate of lymph node metastasis in the surgery,chemotherapy and chemoradiotherapy groups were respectively 31 (range,15-87),30 (range,15-62),21 (range,15-36) and 3 (range,0-39),2 (range,0-37),0 (range,0-7) and 9.2% (range,0-91.3%),7.7% (range,0-78.7%),0 (range,0-30.4%).There were statistically significant differences in the T staging,N staging,with and without lymphovascular invasion,total number of harvested lymph nodes,number of lymph node metastases and rate of lymph node metastasis among groups (x2 =35.799,32.489,21.076,Z =27.120,22.088,16.947,P < 0.05).There were statistically significant differences in the above indicators between surgery group and chemoradiotherapy group (x2 =28.500,20.124,19.570,P<0.05),and no statistically significant difference in the above indicators between surgery group and chemotherapy group (x2 =11.436,12.343,4.295,P> 0.05).There were statistically significant differences in the N staging,with and without lymphovascular invasion,total number of harvested lymph nodes,number of lymph node metastases and rate of lymph node metastasis between chemotherapy group and chemoradiotherapy group (x2 =14.027,8.313,P< 0.05),and no statistically significant difference in the T staging between chemotherapy group and chemoradiotherapy group (x2=11.742,P> 0.05).Conclusion Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy could reduce the total number of harvested lymph nodes and number of lymph node metastases after radical resection of proximal locally advanced GC.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689668

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the short-term safety and costs between laparoscopic assisted or totally laparoscopic uncut Roux-en-Y and Billroth II((BII() + Braun reconstruction after radical gastrectomy of distal gastric cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data from our prospective database of radical gastrectomy were systematically analyzed. The patients who underwent laparoscopic gastrectomy with uncut Roux-en-Y or BII(+ Braun reconstruction between March 1st, 2015 and June 30th, 2017 were screened out for further analysis. Both the reconstructions were completed by linear staplers. Uncut Roux-en-Y reconstruction was performed with a 45 mm no-knife linear stapler (ATS45NK) on the afferent loop below the gastrojejunostomy. Continuous variables were compared using independent samples t test or Mann-Whitney U. The frequencies of categorical variables were compared using Chi-squared or Fisher exact test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Eighty-one patients were in uncut Roux-en-Y group and 58 patients were in BII(+Braun group. There were no significant differences between uncut Roux-en-Y group and BII(+Braun group in median age (56.0 years vs. 56.5 years, P=0.757), gender (male/female, 52/29 vs. 46/12, P=0.054), history of abdominal surgery (yes/no, 10/71 vs. 4/54, P=0.293), neoadjuvant chemotherapy (yes/no, 21/60 vs. 11/47, P=0.336), BMI (thin/normal/overweight/obesity, 2/49/26/3 vs. 3/39/14/2, P=0.591), NRS 2002 score (1/2/3/4, 58/15/5/3 vs. 47/5/3/3, P=0.403), pathological stage (0/I(/II(/III(, 3/41/20/17 vs. 1/28/13/16, P=0.755), median tumor diameter in long axis (2.5 cm vs. 3.0 cm, P=0.278), median tumor diameter in short axis (2.0 cm vs. 2.0 cm, P=0.126) and some other clinical and pathological characteristics. There were no significant differences between uncut Roux-en-Y group and BII(+Braun group in morbidity of postoperative complication more severe than grade I([12.3% (10/81) vs. 17.2% (10/58), P=0.417], morbidity of anastomotic complication [1.2%(1/81) vs. 0, P=1.000] or hospitalization costs [(94000±14000) yuan vs.(95000±16000) yuan, P=0.895]. The median first time to liquid diet (57.1 hours vs. 70.8 hours, P=0.017) and median postoperative hospital stay (9 days vs. 11 days, P=0.003) of the patients in uncut Roux-en-Y group were shorter than those in BII(+Braun group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Laparoscopic assisted or totally laparoscopic uncut Roux-en-Y reconstruction after radical gastrectomy of distal gastric cancer is safe and feasible with better recovery than BII(+Braun reconstruction.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anastomosis, Roux-en-Y , Databases, Factual , Gastrectomy , Gastroenterostomy , Laparoscopy , Methods , Prospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
8.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 140-148, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243634

ABSTRACT

The effect of methanol addition on the heterologous expression of isoprenyl transferase NovQ was studied in Pichia pastoris Gpn12, with menadione and isopentenol as precursors to catalyze vitamin K2 (MK-3) synthesis. The expression of NovQ increased by 36% when 2% methanol was added every 24 h. The influence of initial pH, temperature, methanol addition, precursors (menadione, isopentenol) addition, catalytic time and cetyltrimethyl-ammonium bromide (CTAB) addition were explored in the P. pastoris whole-cell catalytic synthesis process of MK-3 in shaking flask. Three significant factors were then studied by response surface method. The optimal catalytic conditions obtained were as follows: catalytic temperature 31.56 ℃, menadione 295.54 mg/L, catalytic time 15.87 h. Consistent with the response surface prediction results, the optimized yield of MK-3 reached 98.47 mg/L in shaking flask, 35% higher than that of the control group. On this basis, the production in a 30-L fermenter reached 189.67 mg/L when the cell catalyst of 220 g/L (dry weight) was used to catalyze the synthesis for 24 h. This method laid the foundation for the large-scale production of MK-3 by P. pastoris Gpn12.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338392

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the current status of diagnosis and treatment of early gastric cancer in China, based on the nationwide survey by China Gastrointestinal Cancer Surgery Union.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The union sent questionnaires on basic diagnosis and treatment data of gastric and colorectal cancer to all the centers of the union. Different centers collected and summarized their data by year and sent back the questionnaires to the e-mail of theunion(gi_union@foxmail.com) for summary.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>From 2014 to 2016, the union collected 285 questionnaires from 85 centers all over China. In these 3 years, a total of 88 340 cases of gastric cancer were summarized and there were 17 187 cases of early gastric cancer (part of the data was not available in some centers). The proportion of early gastric cancer varied from 19.5%(5711/29290) in 2014 to 19.0%(6081/32050) in 2015 and 20.0%(5395/27000) in 2016. Significant difference was found among them (χ=9.553, P=0.008). Significant differences existed not only in the proportion of early gastric cancer between the south (20.9%, 7618/ 36518) and the north (18.5%, 9569/51822) of China (χ=78.468, P=0.000), but also between the general (20.4%, 11991/58672) and the specialized (17.5%, 5196/29668) hospitals(χ=107.473, P=0.000). Ultrasonic endoscope was used as routine practice in 10(17.5%, 10/57) general hospitals and 9(56.2%,9/16) specialized hospitals, and significant difference was found between them (χ=9.721, P=0.002). A total of 4555 early gastric cancer patients received endoscopic therapy. The proportion of patients receiving endoscopic therapy was significantly different between the hospitals in the first-tier cities (36.0%, 2243/6233) and the other cities (21.1%, 2312/10954) (χ=451.526, P=0.000), and between the hospitals with more than 800 gastric cancer patients per year (28.9%, 3434/11884) and those with less than 800 gastric cancer patients (21.1%, 1121/5303)(χ=113.270, P=0.000). 37.1%(5270/14186) of early gastric cancer patients received laparoscopic surgery. The proportion of patients receiving laparoscopic surgery was 39.4%(3807/9651) in general hospitals and 32.3%(1463/4535) in specialized hospitals, whose difference was significant (χ=68.244, P=0.000). The proportion of patients receiving laparoscopic surgery was 29.3%(1269/4328) in the first-tier cities and 40.6%(4001/9858) in the other cities, whose difference was significant as well(χ=163.480, P=0.000). The proportion of patients receiving laparoscopic surgery was significantly different between the hospitals with more than 800 gastric cancer patients per year(34.5%, 3425/9929) and those with less than 800 gastric cancer patients (43.3%, 1845/4257) (χ=100.057, P=0.000), and between the hospitals in the south (42.4%, 2552/6016) and those in the north (33.3%, 2718/8170) of China (χ=124.296, P=0.000). 48.5%(6975) of early gastric cancer patients staged pT1a and 51.5%(7402) staged pT1b. Lymph node metastasis was found in 12.7%(1825/14377) of early gastric cancer. The lymph node metastasis rate of pT1a and pT1b was 5.7%(399/6975) and 19.3%(1426/7402), respectively. The lymph node metastasis rate of early gastric cancer varied from 12.7%(510/4017) in 2014 to 12.2%(668/5494) in 2015 and 13.3%(647/4866) in 2016.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The data report of China Gastrointestinal Cancer Surgery Union partly reflects the epidemiologic characteristics, current status of diagnosis and treatment of early gastric in China.</p>

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514970

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the computed tomography (CT) features of gastric cancer invasion to the pancreas and significance in the assessment of resectability of primary lesions.Methods The retrospective cohort study was conducted.The clinical data of 31 gastric cancer patients who were admitted to the Peking University Cancer Hospital between February 2011 and August 2016 were collected.Of 31 patients receiving CT examinations,11 who were diagnosed with suspected pancreas invasion by preoperative CT examinations but operation confirmed no invasion were allocated into the pancreas negative (PN) group,11 who were confirmed as pancreas invasion and under vent radical gastrectomy of gastric cancer combined with pancreas resection were allocated into the pancreas invasion (PI) group,and 9 who were confirmed as pancreas invasion and had unresectable primary lesions were allocated into the pancreas invasion non-resected (PI-NR) group.Observation indicators:(1) morphologic type of contact surface between gastric cancer and pancreas;(2) comparison of CT findings among the 3 groups:primary lesion location,tunor thickness,Borrmann type,serosa pattern of gastric cancer,judging obvious region invaded by gastric cancer,contact or invasion site with pancreas,contact length between gastric cancer and pancreas,pattern,clarity and CT values of contact surface or peripancreas invaded and normal peripancreas;(3) treatment or follow-up situations.All the patients underwent radical resection and palliative resection for gastric cancer or non-operation according to results of exploration.Telephone interview was performed to detect the survival of patients up to February 2017.Measurement data with skewed distribution were described as M (Qn),and comparisons among groups were done by the Kruskal-Wallis test.Comparison of count data were done by the Fisher exact probability.Results (1) Morphologic type of contact surface between gastric cancer and pancreas:there were 4 types according to results of CT examination.Type Ⅰ.pancreas contacted with gastric cancer and there was no change in the morphology and radian of contact surface.Type Ⅱ:pancreas contacted with gastric cancer and radian of contact surface became flattened or shallow depression.Type Ⅲ:contact surface showed a inserted sign or obvious depression.Type Ⅳ:pancreas didn't contact with gastric cancer and there was increased density in fat space between pancreas and gastric cancer,with a smudge sign or strip-and sheet-like opacity.Of 31 patients,type Ⅰ,Ⅱ,Ⅲ and Ⅳ were detected in 5,10,4 and 12 patients,respectively.(2) Comparison of CT findings among the 3 groups:nodular protrusion,spiculation and strip shape,clounding patch opacity of serosa panern of gastric cancer were detected in 1,6,4 patients in the PN group and 5,4,2 patients in the PⅠ group and 0,2,7 patients in the PI-NR group,respectively,with a statistically significant difference (X2=10.054,P<0.05).Two,8 and 8 patients in the PN,PI and PI-NR groups had obvious tumor invasion located at a adjacent region between stomach and pancreas,with a statistically significant difference (X2 =11.259,P<0.05).Contact or invasion site with pancreas located at head,body and tail of pancreas was detected in 6,5,0 patients in the PN group and 1,7,3 patients in the PI group and 5,4,0 patients in the PI-NR group,respectively,with a statistically significant difference (X2=8.390,P<0.05).Type Ⅰ,Ⅱ,Ⅲ and Ⅳ of contact surface between gastric cancer and pancreas were detected in 5,6,0,0 patients in the PN group and 0,4,4,3 patients in the PI group and 0,0,0,9 patients in the PI-NR group,respectively,with a statistically significant difference (X2=29.291,P<0.05).Number of patients with clear and ambiguous contact surface was 10,1 patients in the PN group and 0,11 patients in the PI group and 0,9 patients in the PI-NR group,respectively,with a statistically significant difference (X2 =26.227,P< 0.05).CT values of contact surface or peripancreas invaded were-46 HU (-57 HU,-20 HU) in the PN group and-34 HU (-41 HU,-25 HU) in the PI group and-10 HU (-15 HU,-10 HU) in the PI-NR group,respectively,with a statistically significant difference (Z=15.306,P<0.05).CT values of normal peripancreas were-87 HU (-96 HU,-76 HU) in the PN group and-88HU (-70 HU,-1 HU) in the PI group and-83 HU (-98 HU,-74 HU) in the PI-NR group,respectively,with statistically significant differences in CT values between contact surface or peripancreas invaded and normal peripancreas among the 3 groups (Z=12.581,13.780,7.793,P<0.05).(3) Treatment or followup situations:of 31 patients,22 underwent radical gastrectomy and 9 underwent simplex exploration or short surgery.All the 31 patients were followed up for 6.0-71.0 months,with a median time of 13.5 months.Postoperative 1-and 2-year survival rates were 82.6% and 77.1%.Conclusions There are significant differences in pancreatic invasion and resectability between CT features of contact surface of gastric cancer and pancreas and tumor classification.CT features include that pancreas contacts with gastric cancer in the PN group,radian of contact surface becomes flattened and with a inserted sign in the PI group,and there are increased density in fat space between pancreas and gastric cancer and a smudge sign or strip-and sheet-like opacity in the PI-NR group.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514885

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of laparoscopic vagus nerve and pylorus-preserring gastrectomy (LVNPPG) for early gastric cancer.Methods The retrospective descriptive study was conducted.The clinical data of 5 patients who underwent LVNPPG for early gastric cancer at the Peking University Cancer Hospital between May 2016 and September 2016 were collected.Patients underwent laparoscope-assisted or total laparoscopic vagus nerve (hepatic branch and celiac branch) and pylorus-preserving gastrectomy.Observation indicators:(1) surgical situations;(2) postoperative situations;(3) postoperative pathological examination;(4) follow-up situations.Follow-up using outpatient examination and telephone interview was performed to detect survival of patients and tumor metastasis and recurrence up to December 2016.Measurement data with normal distribution was represented as average (range).Results (1) Surgical situations:of 5 patients undergoing successful LVNPPG,digestive tract reconstruction using auxiliary incision was conducted in 3 patients and total laparoscopic surgery in 2 patients.Three patients received appliance side-to-side anastomosis and 2 received manual end-to-end anastomosis.Hepatic branch and celiac branch of vagus nerve in 5 patients were preserved.Average operation time and volume of intraoperative blood loss were 220 minutes (range,180-305 minutes) and 108 mL (range,30-216 mL).(2) Postoperative situations:average time to initial bowel exsufflation,average times for fluid diet intake and for semifluid diet intake were 3 days (range,2-4 days),3 days (range,1-5 days)and 10 days (range,5-25 days),respectively.One patient complicated with delayed gastric emptying was improved by conservative treatment.Duration of hospital stay of 5 patients was 13 days (range,7-32 days).(3)Postoperative pathological examination:number of lymph node dissected,average lengths of proximal margin and distal margin were 22 (range,15-35),3.5 cm (range,2.2-5.0 cm) and 3.7 cm (range,2.0-5.5 cm),respectively.Pathological T stage:pT0 stage was detected in 1 patient,pT1a stage in 1 patient,pT1b stage in 2 patients and pT2 stage in 1 patient.Pathological N stage:pN0 stage was detected in 3 patients and pN2 in 2 patients.Pathological TNM stage:0 stage was detected in 1 patient,Ⅰ a stage in 2 patients,Ⅱ a stage in 1 patient and Ⅱb stage in 1 patient.Two patients had stage migration,including from cT1N0 to pT2N2 and from cT0N0 to pTlbN2.(4) Follow-up situations:5 patients were followed up for 2.8-7.0 months,with a median time of 5.6 months.During follow-up,there were no death and occurrence of tumor metastasis and recurrence.Conclusion LVNPPG is safe and feasible for early gastric cancer.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619437

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the relationship between the severity of Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia(MPP) and interleukin(IL)-6,IL-10,tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-α level.Methods From Jan.to Jul.2012,according to clinical pulmonary infection score(CPIS),30 children with severe MPP(severe MPP group) and 32 children with mild MPP(mild MPP group) were enrolled,and 30 healthy children were enrolled as control group).Subjects of all groups were detected for the levels of IL-6,IL-10,TNF-α,IgA,IgM and IgG.Besides,children with MPP were also detected for the levels of IL-6,IL-10 and TNF-α after treatment.Results The levels of IL-6,IL-10 and TNF-α in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid(BALF) and serum in severe MPP group were higher than those in mild MPP group and control group(P<0.05).The levels of IL-6,IL-10 and TNF-α in BALF and serum were significantly higher in mild MPP group than those in control group(P<0.05).In all children,the levels of IL-6,IL-10 and TNF-α in BALF were higher than those in serum.After treatment,the levels of IL-6 and TNF-α in BALF in children with severe MPP were significantly decreased,while that of IL-10 were increased(P<0.05).Compared with control group,the IgM level in children with MPP was increased significantly,and the IgG level was decreased notablely(P<0.05).Conclusion There might be significant correlation between levels of cytokines IL-6,IL-10,TNF-α and the disease severity of MPP in children patients,which could be used as the basis for the clinical diagnosis and treatment.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615946

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate clinical value of high sensitive-cardiac troponin T(hs-cTnT) combined with creatine kinase isoenzyme MB(CK-MB) in the diagnosis of children with myocarditis.Methods From Nov.2014 to Nov.2015,a total of 102 cases of myocarditis,suspected with myocardial damage and without myocardial damage(pneumonia and capillary bronchitis),and 50 healthy children were enrolled.Plasma levels of hs-cTnT and CK-MB were detected and compared.Results The levels of plasma hs-cTnT and CK-MB in children with myocarditis were significantly higher than those without myocarditis and healthy subjects(P<0.05).Hs-cTnT and CK-MB levels in children with myocarditis,less than one month old,were significantly higher than those with age of 1 month to 3 years old(P<0.05).Conclusion Combined detection of hs-cTnT and CK-MB could be with high sensitive and specificity in diagnosis of children with myocarditis,accurately assess the disease condition and improve the therapeutic effect and prognosis,which might be worthy of clinical application.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-600799

ABSTRACT

was 60.0%,50.0%,3.3% and 0.0% higher than those of group P,the difference between the two groups had statis-tical significance(χ2 =6.405,20.000,all P <0.05));group E after operation from the room time for(30.6 ±5.2) min,longer than those of the group P (21.4 ±3.3)min(t =7.118,P <0.05).Conclusion Effect of etomidate com-bined with dezocine anesthesia while postoperative nausea,dizziness and other complications,but the effects on respi-ration,circulation is small,suitable for middle aged and old women painless curettage.

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