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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920494

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the prevalence and distribution of learning disabilities among middle school students in Beijing.@*Methods@#By using stratified random cluster sampling, 6 365 students in grade one and grade two of 12 public middle schools in urban and rural in Beijing were selected. Criteria for learning disabilities included the following: on campus healthy students without serious physical and mental diseases and normal IQ assessed by combined Raven intelligence test; positive in the teacher rated Screening Scale for Middle School Students with Learning Disabilities; percentile ranking (below the bottom 10% percentile of grade) of the academic performance in the Chinese, mathematics and English tests.@*Results@#The learning disabilities of the subjects were determined by the teachers and it was found that the score of words reading, reading understanding, words spell, written expression, number calculation, mathematical reasoning and the total score of the scale were respectively (20.78±4.00, 18.16 ±4.35, 21.50±3.89, 20.06±3.92, 21.12±5.23. 18.67±5.35, 120.28±19.99) points. There were differences in the total score of learning ability between urban and rural areas, gender and grade. Urban area was better than rural area, girls were better than boys, and junior two students were better than junior one students( t=12.94, 9.94, 3.07, P <0.05). A total of 445(7%) students with learning disabilities were detected. Reading disabilities accounted for 5.0%, dysgraphia 2.7% and math disabilities 4.6%. Prevalence of learning ability differed by urban rural regions, gender and grade, with girls and students from urban areas and grade two being significantly lower( t =12.94, 9.94, 3.07, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The prevalence of learning disabilities in middle school students is high, which needs more attention.

2.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 342-358, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929097

ABSTRACT

Central sensitization is essential in maintaining chronic pain induced by chronic pancreatitis (CP), but cortical modulation of painful CP remains elusive. Here, we examined the role of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) in the pathogenesis of abdominal hyperalgesia in a rat model of CP induced by intraductal administration of trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS). TNBS treatment resulted in long-term abdominal hyperalgesia and anxiety in rats. Morphological data indicated that painful CP induced a significant increase in FOS-expressing neurons in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) and ACC, and some FOS-expressing neurons in the NTS projected to the ACC. In addition, a larger portion of ascending fibers from the NTS innervated pyramidal neurons, the neural subpopulation primarily expressing FOS under the condition of painful CP, rather than GABAergic neurons within the ACC. CP rats showed increased expression of vesicular glutamate transporter 1, and increased membrane trafficking and phosphorylation of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) subunit NR2B and the α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid receptor (AMPAR) subunit GluR1 within the ACC. Microinjection of NMDAR and AMPAR antagonists into the ACC to block excitatory synaptic transmission significantly attenuated abdominal hyperalgesia in CP rats, which was similar to the analgesic effect of endomorphins injected into the ACC. Specifically inhibiting the excitability of ACC pyramidal cells via chemogenetics reduced both hyperalgesia and comorbid anxiety, whereas activating these neurons via optogenetics failed to aggravate hyperalgesia and anxiety in CP rats. Taken together, these findings provide neurocircuit, biochemical, and behavioral evidence for involvement of the ACC in hyperalgesia and anxiety in CP rats, as well as novel insights into the cortical modulation of painful CP, and highlights the ACC as a potential target for neuromodulatory interventions in the treatment of painful CP.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anxiety/etiology , Chronic Pain/etiology , GABAergic Neurons , Gyrus Cinguli/metabolism , Hyperalgesia/metabolism , Pancreatitis, Chronic/pathology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate/metabolism , Trinitrobenzenesulfonic Acid/toxicity
3.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 253-258, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928806

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#In recent years, with the advancement of minimally invasive techniques, thoracoscopic thymoma resection has experienced a development process from three-port video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) to two-port (TP) and single-port (SP) variants. However, the feasibility and safety of SP-VATS have not been generally recognized. This study intends to explore the safety and feasibility of SP-VATS in thymoma resection, in order to provide a reference for clinical surgicalselection.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 197 patients who underwent thoracoscopic thymoma resection in Beijing Tongren Hospital from January 2018 to September 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into SP-VATS group (n=42) and TP-VATS group (n=155). After matching propensity scores, there is no statistically significant difference in preoperative baseline data between SP-VATS group and TP-VATS group. Among them, there were 17 males and 25 females with an average age of 28-72 (48.00±9.43) years in the SP-VATS group, and 20 males and 22 females with an average age of 30-75 (50.38±9.83) years in TP-VATS group. The clinical effects of the two groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#The operation was successfully completed in both groups, and there was no conversion to thoracotomy or increased surgical incisions. Compared with the TP-VATS group, the chest drainage time and hospital stay in the SP-VATS group were shorter [(2.95±0.76) d vs (3.33±0.85) d; (4.57±0.83) d vs (5.07±1.13) d], and the visual pain score at 24 h and 72 h after surgery were lower [(3.64±0.85) points vs (4.05±0.66) points; (2.33±0.75) points vs (3.07±0.68) points] (P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in operation time [(130.00±26.23) min vs (135.24±27.03) min], intraoperative blood loss [(69.52±22.73) mL vs (82.38±49.23) mL] (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#SP-VATS in thymoma is a safe, feasible, and less invasive procedure, with less postoperative pain and faster recovery than multi-port VATS.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted/methods , Thymoma/surgery , Thymus Neoplasms/surgery
4.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 154-160, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928527

ABSTRACT

Corticosteroid switching can reverse abiraterone resistance in some patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). Here, we investigated the potential biomarkers for predicting the efficacy of corticosteroid switching during treatment with abiraterone acetate (AA). We retrospectively analyzed 101 mCRPC patients receiving corticosteroid switching from West China Hospital and Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center between January 2016 and December 2018. All cases received AA plus prednisone as first-line therapy during mCRPC. Primary end points were biochemical progression-free survival (bPFS) and overall survival (OS). The risk groups were defined based on multivariate analysis. A total of 42 (41.6%) and 25 (24.8%) patients achieved 30% and 50% decline in prostate-specific antigen (PSA), respectively, after corticosteroid switching. The median bPFS and median OS on AA plus dexamethasone were 4.9 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.7-6.0) months and 18.8 (95% CI: 16.2-30.2) months, respectively. Aldo-keto reductase family 1 member C3 (AKR1C3) expression (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.15, 95% Cl: 1.22-3.80, P = 0.008) and baseline serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP; HR: 4.95, 95% Cl: 2.40-10.19, P < 0.001) were independent predictors of efficacy before corticosteroid switching in the multivariate analysis of bPFS. Only baseline serum ALP >160 IU l-1 (HR: 3.41, 95% Cl: 1.57-7.38, P = 0.002) together with PSA level at switch ≥50 ng ml-1 (HR: 2.59, 95% Cl: 1.22-5.47, P = 0.013) independently predicted poorer OS. Based on the predictive factors in multivariate analysis, we developed two risk stratification tools to select candidates for corticosteroid switching. Detection of serum ALP level, PSA level, and tissue AKR1C3 expression in mCRPC patients could help make clinical decisions for corticosteroid switching.


Subject(s)
Abiraterone Acetate/therapeutic use , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Androstenes , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Male , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Prostatic Neoplasms, Castration-Resistant/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928334

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the efficacy of percutaneous vertebroplasty for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures with spinal origin abdominal pain as the main symptom.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 37 patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures treated from January 2015 to January 2021, all of whom had spin-derived abdominal pain as the main symptom, and were divided into surgery group(21 cases) and conservative group (16 cases) according to different treatment methods. Patients in the surgery group were treated with percutaneous vertebroplasty, including 7 males and 14 females, with an average age of (75.95±6.84) years old and an average course of disease of (5.26±3.79) days. The conservative group received non-surgical treatment, including 5 males and 11 females, with an average age of (75.50±8.07) years old and an average course of disease of (4.28±3.42) days. Two groups of patients with preoperative mainly characterized by abdominal pain, abdominal distension and constipation, have no obvious chest waist back pain symptoms, the thoracolumbar MRI diagnosed as fresh osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures, record its postoperative abdominal pain visual analogue scale (VAS), medical outcomes study short form-36 (SF-36) score, defecation interval after treatment, etc.@*RESULTS@#Thirty-seven patients were followed up for (14.90±14.11) months in surgery group and( 21.42±17.53) months in conservative group. Compared with before treatment, the VAS of surgery group at each time period after treatment, VAS of conservative group at 1 month after treatment and SF-36 score between two groups at 3 months after treatment were all improved(P<0.05), while VAS of conservative group at 3 days after treatment showed no statistically significant difference(P>0.05). Compared between two groups, there were no significant differences in VAS and SF-36 scores at 1 day before treatment(P>0.05), but VAS at 3 days after treatment in surgery group, life vitality and social function score at 3 months after treatment, and defecation time after treatment in surgery group were better than those in conservative group(P<0.05). There were no significant differences in other indexes(P>0.05). The incision healing of patients in surgery group was good, and no serious complications occurred in both groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Percutaneous vertebroplasty is an effective method for the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures with spinal origin abdominal pain as the main symptom. Compared with conservative treatment, percutaneous vertebroplasty has more advantages in early relief of abdominal pain and constipation, recovery of vitality and social function.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Constipation , Female , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty/methods
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928082

ABSTRACT

This study aims to acetylate Rehmannia glutinosa polysaccharides by acetic anhydride method, optimize process parameters and evaluate their antioxidant activity. With the degree of substitution(D_s) as a criterion, the effects of reaction time, acetic anhydride-to-polysaccharides ratio and temperature were investigated. Process parameters were optimized by single-factor experiment and response surface methodology. The infrared spectroscopy(IR) and scanning electron microscopy(SEM) proved the successful acetylation and were employed to preliminarily analyze the structural characteristics of acetylated derivatives. The results showed that the D_s was 0.327 under the optimal technological conditions, including m(acetic anhydride):m(R. glutinosa polysaccharides)=2.70, reaction time 3.0 h and temperature 48 ℃. Further, the antioxidant properties of acetylated derivatives were investigated in vitro and acetylation was found effective to improve the antioxidant activity of R. glutinosa polysaccharides. This study provides a reference for the further development and application of R. glutinosa polysaccharides.


Subject(s)
Acetylation , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Polysaccharides/pharmacology , Rehmannia/chemistry
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928003

ABSTRACT

As a unique medical resource in China, Chinese herbal medicine plays a key role in the prevention and treatment of human diseases. With the gradual expansion of applications, the quality of Chinese herbal medicine has become the focus of attention. The quality of Chinese herbal medicines depends largely on their source authenticity. Tracing the origin of Chinese herbal medicines plays an important role in ensuring their quality and efficacy and reducing the mixing and adulteration of Chinese herbal medicines from different regions. Stable isotope technology, as a key technology for origin tracing of agricultural products and food, has been used in the research of Chinese herbal medicines from multiple sources and origins in recent years. This new technological means contributes to standardizing the origin of Chinese herbal medicines and controlling their quality from the source. Apart from introducing the basic principles of stable isotope technology and the characteristics of common stable isotopes, this study reviewed the application status of light and heavy stable isotopes in the origin tracing of Chinese herbal medicines and their correlation with ecological factors, and forecasted the application prospect of this technology in the authentication of Chinese herbal medicines, aiming to provide reference for the geographical origin tracing of Chinese herbal medicines and promote the sustainable development of traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Drug Contamination , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/analysis , Humans , Isotopes , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927899

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of Xuanfu Daizhe decoction on the stemness of esophageal cancer cells. Methods: The BALB/c nude mice were randomly divided into the control group and experimental group, 5 mice in each group, which were continuously administered with normal saline and Xuanfu Daizhe decoction (9.89 g/kg) by gastrogavage, respectively. Human esophageal carcinoma cells ECA-109 (5×106) were subcutaneously injected into the mice on the 8th day. Tumor volume was measured twice a week. The mice were sacrificed 4 weeks after injection, and the tumor tissue and mouse serum were collected. The expressions of the major stemness-regulating transcription factors, i.e., NANOG, OCT4 and SOX2, were detected by RT-qPCR, Western Blot and immunohistochemistry. ECA-109 cells were treated with 10% fetal bovine serum and serum from the above two groups of mice for 48 hours respectively, and three replicate wells were set in each group, and the expressions of NANOG, OCT4, SOX2 and the levels of AKT and p-AKT were detected by RT-qPCR and Western Blot, respectively. ALDH activity in tumor cells was detected by flow cytometry; the number of spheroids of tumor cells was detected by the spheroidization experiment. Results: Compared with the control group, the growth and size of esophageal cancer tumors were significantly inhibited by Xuanfu Daizhe Decoction; the expressions of NANOG, OCT4, SOX2, the ALDH activity, the number of spheroids, and the levels of AKT and phosphorylated AKT (p-AKT) in esophageal cancer cells were significantly reduced by Xuanfu Daizhe Decoction both in vivo and in vitro. Conclusion: Xuanfu Daizhe Decoction inhibits the stemness of esophageal cancer cells, it may be a potentially effective drug for the treatment of esophageal cancer and provides a theoretical basis for the exploration of new effective drugs for the treatment of esophageal cancer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Mice , Mice, Nude , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Transcription Factors
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927436

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Nail psoriasis treatment is challenging due to difficult drug delivery and systemic therapy toxicities. Self-dissolvable microneedle patches embedded with corticosteroids offers a potentially rapid, minimally invasive drug delivery platform with good efficacy and minimal adverse side effects.@*METHODS@#We conducted a 4-month prospective randomised controlled trial. Subjects with psoriatic nails were randomised to receive microneedle device delivered topical steroids on one hand and control treatment (topical Daivobet gel) on the other. Two independent dermatologists blinded to the treatment assignment scored their Nail Psoriasis Severity Index (NAPSI) during visits at baseline, 2 and 4 months. All treatment was discontinued after 2 months. Average NAPSI score on each hand was analysed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 25 participants were recruited, aged 22 to 73 years. Majority were Chinese (72%), followed by Indian and Malay. There was equal randomisation of treatment to the left and right nail. While there was a rapid significant improvement in average NAPSI score for the control arm at 2 months, the treatment arm had a greater, more sustained improvement of the NAPSI score at 4 months. The average NAPSI score improved for both treatment and control group at 4 months compared to baseline. However, only the NAPSI value improvement in the controls at 2 months compared to baseline was statistically significant (P=0.0039). No severe adverse effects were reported.@*CONCLUSION@#To the best of our knowledge, this is the first prospective randomised control trial comparing microneedle technology against conventional topical steroids in nail psoriasis treatment. Our findings demonstrate microneedle technology is as efficacious as topical therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nail Diseases/drug therapy , Nails , Prospective Studies , Psoriasis/drug therapy , Triamcinolone
10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 783-792, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922891

ABSTRACT

Molecular mass distribution of Astragalus polysaccharides is wide. Astragalus polysaccharides prepared by conventional water extraction and alcohol precipitation are mostly mixture of macromolecules. Although studies have shown that Astragalus polysaccharides have two-sided immunomodulation, the relationship between anti-inflammatory components and molecular mass distribution of Astragalus polysaccharides is not clear. Therefore, Astragalus polysaccharides were extracted by water extraction and alcohol precipitation. The relative molecular weight of them was determined by high performance gel permeation chromatography (HPGPC). Astragalus polysaccharides with different molecular weights were separated and prepared by membrane separation. RAW 264.7 cells were induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to establish an inflammatory cell model in vitro and the anti-inflammatory polysaccharide were screened. The anti-inflammatory regulation mechanism of Astragalus polysaccharides was analyzed by the LC-MS/MS metabonomics technology. The results showed that APS was composed of APS-Ⅰ ( > 2 000 kDa) and APS-Ⅱ (10 kDa). APS-Ⅰ was composed of mannose, rhamnose, galacturonic acid, glucose, galactose, arabinose and the molar ratios of these monosaccharide of APS-I were 0.54∶0.26∶12.24∶17.24∶8.46∶1. APS-II was composed of rhamnose, galacturonic acid, glucose, galactose, arabinose and the molar ratios of these monosaccharide of APS-II were 0.26∶0.14∶24.04∶0.62∶1. APS-Ⅰ and APS-Ⅱ had no cell toxicity to RAW 264.7 macrophage in the range of 0-100 μg·mL-1. Compared with the model group, APS-I at a concentration of 0-100 μg·mL-1could significantly inhibit the secretion of NO and TNF-α by RAW 264.7, and can significantly promote the secretion of IL-10. APS-I had better anti-inflammatory activity than APS-II in vitro. The metabolomics results showed that 32 different metabolites were found between the model group and blank group; APS-I group can significantly callback 18 different metabolites; mainly related to arginine biosynthesis, arginine and proline metabolism, pyrimidine metabolism, citric acid cycle (TCA cycle), cysteine and methionine acid metabolism, tryptophan metabolism. This study found that APS-I had better anti-inflammatory activity than APS-II in vitro, and its mechanism may be closely related to amino acid metabolism and energy metabolism, which indicated the direction for further clarifying the pharmacodynamic material basis of Astragalus polysaccharides.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907134

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of incentive spouse collaborative psychological intervention on delivery outcomes of primipara. MethodsFrom July 2019 to July 2020, 300 primiparas with an uneventful pregnancy were recruited and divided into the control group and the intervention group, with 150 cases in each group. The control group was managed by routine nursing care, and the intervention group was managed by incentive spouse collaborative psychological intervention. The delivery outcomes in two groups, including delivery route, postpartum blood loss, and perineal laceration were compared. ResultsAfter intervention, the cesarean section rate, the 2-hour postpartum blood loss and perineal laceration in the intervention group were less common than those in the control group and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The first, second and total stages of labor duration in the intervention group were shorter than those in the control group and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of neonatal asphyxia between these two groups (P>0.05). In terms of vaginal delivery experience scores of the two groups, the intervention group was better than the control group and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). ConclusionThe mode of incentive spouse collaborative psychological intervention can reduce the rate of cesarean section, the amount of bleeding 2 hours after delivery, and perineum injury. It can shorten the labor process, and effectively improve the delivery outcome of primiparas.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907111

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of incentive spouse collaborative psychological intervention on delivery outcomes of primipara. MethodsFrom July 2019 to July 2020, 300 primiparas with an uneventful pregnancy were recruited and divided into the control group and the intervention group, with 150 cases in each group. The control group was managed by routine nursing care, and the intervention group was managed by incentive spouse collaborative psychological intervention. The delivery outcomes in two groups, including delivery route, postpartum blood loss, and perineal laceration were compared. ResultsAfter intervention, the cesarean section rate, the 2-hour postpartum blood loss and perineal laceration in the intervention group were less common than those in the control group and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The first, second and total stages of labor duration in the intervention group were shorter than those in the control group and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of neonatal asphyxia between these two groups (P>0.05). In terms of vaginal delivery experience scores of the two groups, the intervention group was better than the control group and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). ConclusionThe mode of incentive spouse collaborative psychological intervention can reduce the rate of cesarean section, the amount of bleeding 2 hours after delivery, and perineum injury. It can shorten the labor process, and effectively improve the delivery outcome of primiparas.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906494

ABSTRACT

Mume Flos is a traditional Chinese medicinal material,with the effects of soothing the liver,resolving phlegm and dispelling stagnation. It was mainly used to treat globus hystericus,liver and stomach pain,loss of appetite,dizziness and scrofula. Mume Flos is native to China,with a long history of cultivation and application and complex and diverse varieties. There are hundreds varieties of Mume Flos,including fruiting Mei and flowering Mei. However,there was no ancient literature on which color of Mume Flos is the best traditional Chinese medicinal material among those with different colors,as well as relevant study report on the correlation between medicinal Mume Flos group and plant systematics. In order to define the origin,the author conducted the textual research on the changes in the origin,quality and producing areas of the Mume Flos in the past dynasties. According to the findings, traditional medicinal Mume Flos were mainly green calyx Mume Flos and white Mume Flos,and derived from flowering Mei of the true Mume branch. Among them, green calyx Mume Flos belonged to the green calyx group, while medicinal white Mume Flos belonged to the albo-plena group and the single-lobe group. The producing area of Mume Flos was first recorded in Sheng Nong's Herbal Classic,where now in southern Shaanxi province. After the Song dynasty,due to climate,social and economic factors,the producing areas of Mume Flos had continued to move southward from Shaanxi province to the Yangtze River and Dongting Lake basins. Till the Ming and Qing dynasties,the distribution of Mume Flos was also reported in Guangdong province and Hainan province. In modern times,due to the comprehensive impact of natural climate conditions and urbanization,the producing areas of medicinal Mume Flos had gradually changed from Sichuan province,Jiangsu province and Zhejiang province to southern Anhui province at present. In this paper,the textual research is conducted to define the origin and systematically summarize the changes in the producing areas of Mume Flos,so as to provide reference for defining the origin of Mume Flos and the groups of medicinal Mume Flos and making further development and utilization of resources.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906441

ABSTRACT

Objective:To elucidate the potential molecular markers and drug-compound-target mechanism of Epimedii Folium intervention on breast cancer stem cells(BCSCs) through chip analysis combined with network pharmacology and experimental validation. Method:Relevant drug information was retrieved in Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP) to obtain the active components and potential targets of Epimedii Folium. "Breast Cancer Stem Cells" were searched in Gene Expression Omnibus(GEO)database,and GSE98239 chip data were obtained through analysis and screening. Then GEO2R online analysis tool was used to obtain the differential genes to draw differential gene heat map and volcano map. The differential gene network map of Epimedii Folium intervention for breast cancer stem cells was constructed by Cytoscape 3.8.0,and Gene Ontology(GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG)enrichment analysis of drug and disease genes were performed. Human breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells were divided into 20%,40%,60% Epimedii Folium drug-containing serum group and control group. Cell counting kit-8(CCK-8),and Western blot were used to detect the effect of Epimedii Folium drug-containing serum intervention on cell activity and target protein expression in breast cancer cells. Result:Twenty-three active components including flavones,sterols,alkaloids and sesquiterpenoids were obtained from Epimedii Folium. It was found that Epimedii Folium interacted with B-cell lymphoma-2-like protein 1(BCL2L1),matrix metallopeptidase 2(MMP2),prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2(PTGS2),vascular endothelial growth factor A(VEGFA),transforming growth factor beta receptor 1(TGFBR1) and other pivotal genes in breast cancer stem cells,participated in the induction of new angiogenesis and cell migration,enabled the continuous self-renewal of BCSCs,decreased apoptosis and cell migration,thus promoting the recurrence and metastasis of breast cancer. KEGG results showed that Epimedii Folium intervened in multiple differential expressed genes(DEGs)of transforming growth factor-<italic>β</italic>(TGF-<italic>β</italic>),vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF),phosphoinositide 3kinase/protein kenase B(PI3K/Akt),mitogen-activated protein kinese(MAPK)and mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR)subpathways in cancer signaling pathways to exert its efficacy in intervening breast cancer stem cells. Experiments showed that the survival rate of breast cancer cells was significantly reduced and the expression levels of TGFBR1 and Smad2 in breast cancer cells significantly decreased after the intervention of Epimedii Folium drug-containing serum(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Several components in different concentrations of drug-containing serum of Epimedii Folium can synergistically act on target differentially expressed genes of breast cancer stem cells,and inhibit the proliferation of breast cancer cells by down-regulating the expression levels of TGFBR1,a key molecule in the TGF-<italic>β</italic> pathway,and Smad2,a downstream signal.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906308

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate bonding ability between 4-sulfonylcalix [6] arene (SCA6) and 15 alkaloids (matrine, allomatrine, dauricine, daurisoline, quinidine, quinine, crotaline, vincristine, gelsemine, koumine, tetrandrine, aloperine, oxymatrine, sophocarpine and sinomenine), and to evaluate viability<italic> in vitro</italic> of HepG2 and H9c2 cells with 12 alkaloids/SCA6 bonding systems (except allomatrine, oxymatrine, sinomenine). Method:Fluorescence competitive titration was used to determine the binding constants of alkaloids and SCA6, the inhibitory effect of alkaloid/SCA6 complex on proliferation of HepG2 and H9c2 cells was investigated by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8). Result:All the 15 alkaloids had good bonding with SCA6 at the ratio of 1∶1 (the binding constants >1×10<sup>5</sup> mol·L<sup>-1</sup>, <italic>R</italic><sup>2</sup>>0.98), the aloperine (quinolizidine alkaloids) and SCA6 had the biggest binding constant (20.55×10<sup>6</sup> mol·L<sup>-1</sup>). In addition to gelsemine, crotaline, matrine and sophocarpine, 8 alkaloids (including aloperine, tetrandrine, dauricine, daurisoline, quinidine, quinine, vincristine and koumine) exhibited significant anti-tumor effects on HepG2 cells. Except for daurisoline, the anti-proliferation effect of the other 11 alkaloids before and after binding with SCA6 had no difference in HepG2 cells. In addition to gelsemine, crotaline, matrine and sophocarpine, the anti-proliferation effect of the other 8 alkaloids before and after binding with SCA6 had no difference in H9c2 cells. Conclusion:SCA6 shows intense binding ability with bisbenzylisoquinoline, quinolizidine and indole alkaloids. It can improve the solubility of alkaloids without affecting their anti-tumor activity, which provides a reference for subsequent related applications of SCA6 as a drug delivery carrier.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905955

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of Chaihu Jia Longgu Muli Tang on the hippocampus of rats with chronic stress depression based on the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)/tyrosine kinase B (TrkB)/cyclic adenosine phosphate response element-binding protein (CREB) pathway. Method:Sixty SD rats were divided into a blank group (<italic>n</italic>=10) and an experimental group (<italic>n</italic>=50) for the induction of the chronic stress depression model. The rats in the experimental group were further divided into the following five groups: a model group, a fluoxetine hydrochloride group (0.003 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and low-(1.625 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), medium-(3.25 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and high-dose (6.5 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) Chaihu Jia Longgu Muli Tang groups. The rats were administered correspondingly by gavage once a day for eight weeks. Behavioral tests were performed to evaluate the depression state of the rats before modeling, after modeling, and after drug administration. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the morphological changes in the hippocampus of rats. The immunohistochemical (IHC) staining was used to quantitatively detect BDNF protein expression in the rat hippocampus. The mRNA and protein expression of BDNF, TrkB, and CREB in the rat hippocampus was detected by the real-time fluorescence-based quantitative PCR (Real-time PCR) and Western blot, respectively. Result:Compared with the blank group, the model group showed decreased sucrose preference rate (<italic>P</italic><0.05), declining horizontal and vertical scores (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and prolonged immobility time and floating time (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Additionally, HE staining results revealed that hippocampal neuron structure was damaged. IHC staining showed that the mRNA and protein expression of BDNF, TrkB, and CREB was significantly decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Compared with the model group, the fluoxetine hydrochloride group and the Chaihu Jia Longgu Muli Tang groups displayed elevated sucrose preference rate (<italic>P</italic><0.05), increased horizontal and vertical scores (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and shortened immobility time and floating time (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Furthermore, the hippocampal neuron structure was significantly repaired. IHC staining showed that the mRNA and protein expression of BDNF, TrkB, and CREB was significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Chaihu Jia Longgu Muli Tang can significantly improve the depression-like behaviors of rats after chronic stress stimulation and enhance the regeneration and repair of neurons in the hippocampus. The underlying mechanism may be related to the up-regulation of the BDNF/TrkB/CREB signaling pathway in the hippocampus of rats.

17.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 349-355, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899012

ABSTRACT

Tumor localization is challenging in the context of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) treated with breast-conserving surgery. Conventional localization methods are generally performed under the guidance of ultrasonography or mammography and are rarely performed with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which is more sensitive than the aforementioned modalities in detecting DCIS. Here, we report the application of MRI-based individualized 3-dimensional (3D)-printed breast surgical guides (BSGs) for patients with breast cancer.We successfully resected indeterminate and suspicious lesions that were only detected using preoperative MRI, and the final histopathologic results confirmed DCIS with clear resection margins. MRI guidance combined with 3D-printed BSGs can be used for DCIS localization, especially for lesions easily detectable using MRI only.

18.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 235-240, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898984

ABSTRACT

Tumor localization in patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) is challenging because substantial therapeutic remission of the original tumor after NACT is often noted.Currently, there is no guidance device that allows for an accurate estimation of the resection range in breast-conserving surgery after NACT. To increase the accuracy of tumor resection, we used a 3-dimensional-printed breast surgical guide based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the supine position for a breast cancer patient who underwent breast-conserving surgery after NACT. Using this device, the breast tumor with apparent therapeutic changes after NACT on imaging was successfully removed with clear resection margins by identifying the original tumor site in the affected breast. Irrespective of whether the residual tumor area after NACT is well defined, it is possible to confirm and target the tumor area on pre-NACT MRI using this device.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921754

ABSTRACT

To investigate the potential molecular markers and drug-compound-target mechanism of Mahuang Shengma Decoction(MHSM) in the intervention of acute lung injury(ALI) by network pharmacology and experimental verification. Databases such as TCMSP, TCMIO, and STITCH were used to predict the possible targets of MHSM components and OMIM and Gene Cards were employed to obtain ALI targets. The common differentially expressed genes(DEGs) were therefore obtained. The network diagram of DEGs of MHSM intervention in ALI was constructed by Cytoscape 3. 8. 0, followed by Gene Ontology(GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) enrichment analyses of target genes. The ALI model was induced by abdominal injection of lipopolysaccharide(LPS) in mice. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid(BALF) was collected for the detection of inflammatory factors. Pathological sectioning and RT-PCR experiments were performed to verify the therapeutic efficacy of MHSM on ALI. A total of 494 common targets of MHSM and ALI were obtained. Among the top 20 key active compounds of MHSM, 14 from Ephedrae Herba were found to be reacted with pivotal genes of ALI [such as tumor necrosis factor(TNF), tumor protein 53(TP53), interleukin 6(IL6), Toll-like receptor 4(TLR4), and nuclear factor-κB(NF-κB)/p65(RELA)], causing an uncontrolled inflammatory response with activated cascade amplification. Pathway analysis revealed that the mechanism of MHSM in the treatment of ALI mainly involved AGE-RAGE, cancer pathways, PI3 K-AKT signaling pathway, and NF-κB signaling pathway. The findings demonstrated that MHSM could dwindle the content of s RAGE, IL-6, and TNF-α in the BALF of ALI mice, relieve the infiltration of inflammatory cells in the lungs, inhibit alveolar wall thickening, reduce the acute inflammation-induced pulmonary congestion and hemorrhage, and counteract transcriptional activities of Ager-RAGE and NF-κB p65. MHSM could also synergically act on the target DEGs of ALI and alleviate pulmonary pathological injury and inflammatory response, which might be achieved by inhibiting the expression of the key gene Ager-RAGE in RAGE/NF-κB signaling pathway and downstream signal NF-κB p65.


Subject(s)
Acute Lung Injury/genetics , Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Lipopolysaccharides , Lung/metabolism , Mice , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Network Pharmacology , Receptor for Advanced Glycation End Products/metabolism , Signal Transduction
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921344

ABSTRACT

The main purpose of the National Nutrition and Health Systematic Survey for children 0-17 years of age in China (CNHSC) was to collect basic data on the nutrition, development, and health status for children in different regions across China using evidence-based, reliable, and cost-effective approaches. Children and their parents or guardians from seven regions (south, southwest, north, northwest, eastern, central, and northeast China) in China were recruited. A multi-stage stratified randomized sampling method was used. Two provinces were randomly sampled from each of the seven regions, from which one urban district and one rural country were also randomly sampled, resulting in a total of 28 survey counties/districts. Dietary surveys, health examinations, laboratory testing, and questionnaires were used to collect dietary intake, nutritional status, child development, and health status information. Nutrition, health, and lifestyle assessment of children and their parents was determined using the Knowledge Attitude Practice (KAP) survey. Greater than 100,000 children (38,000 children < 6 years of age and 66,000 children 6-17 years of age) completed the survey. The survey provided comprehensive data on child nutrition and health status for future studies and will serve as the basis for an integrated nutrition and health improvement strategies proposal for children in China.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child Development , Child, Preschool , China , Health Status , Health Surveys , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Nutrition Surveys
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