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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876381

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the composition and distribution of metal and metalloids in fine particulate metter in a certain area of Shanghai through four consecutive years of dynamic monitoring. Methods The sampling point was on the roof of a community health service center in Shanghai, with a height of 12.5 meters.In the four winters of 2014-2017 from Dec. to Feb. next year, samples were continuously collected for 7 days(from 10th to 16th) a month and 22 hours for each day.Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) was used for the determination of metals and metalloids in collected samples. Results The pairwise comparisons between the total metals, Al, Be, Cr, Hg, Pb, Mn, Ni, Se and Tl in any two years were statistically different through the rank sum test.In the Cochran-Armitage trend test, Al showed an upward trend in the whole periods, while Cr, Pb and Ni was on a downward trend.In factor analysis, factor 1 in each year had relatively stable component elements (As, Cd, Pb, Mn, Se), while the internal components of the remaining factors were relatively unstable. Conclusions There may be relatively stable sources of pollution locally.Al, Cr, Pb and Ni have a significant tendency to increase or decrease.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873008

ABSTRACT

Butyrate-producing bacteria are specific intestinal bacteria with butyrate as the main metabolite, and most of them are Firmicutes.Butyrate-producing bacteria can synthesize butyrate with non-digestible carbohydrates in the diet, and then regulate intestinal microecology and microenvironment, thereby supplying energy to intestinal epithelial cells, affecting intestinal mucosal barrier, adjusting intestinal flora structure and regulating host immunity, so as to alleviate obesity, hypertension and other diseases.Therefore, the targeted regulation of butyrate-producing bacteria and butyrate has become a potential vital method for the prevention and treatment of many diseases.After oral administration, Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) enters the body, and first contacts gastrointestinal tract, so the interaction between CHM and microbiota existing in the intestine is an inevitable important process.It has been confirmed that CHM could regulate intestinal flora; and due to its complex composition and numerous components, CHM can exert interventional effects at multiple levels, in multiple pathways and on multiple targets.Its effect on the butyrate-producing bacteria is as follows.In the intestinal tract, CHM can play a " prebiotic" role, and enrich the beneficial butyrate-producing bacteria, and polysaccharides in CHM can be used as a fermentation substrate to promote the synthesis of butyrate, so as to achieve the effective regulation of butyrate-producing bacteria and butyrate.Based on that, this paper explored the relationship among butyrate-producing bacteria, butyrate and intestinal microecology, and reviewed relevant researches about the intervention of CHM on butyrate-producing bacteria to regulate intestinal microecology in recent years, in order to provide new research ideas for the application of CHM to prevent and treat diseases, as well as drug development.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872935

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the mechanism of Shengmaisan in treating atrial fibrillation by regulating relative genes and signaling pathways based on network pharmacology. Method:Target genes of Shengmaisan were obtained using Bioinformatics Analysis Tool for Molecular Mechanism of TCM(BATMAN-TCM) database,and target genes of atrial fibrillation were obtained through GeneCards,OMIM and DisGeNET databases. The target genes of Shengmaisan-atrial fibrillation intersection protein were obtained through the integration of the two groups of genes. STRING was used to build the protein-protein interaction network and visualize the results. The drug-disease intersection genes were introduced into the DAVID 6.8 database for gene ontology (GO) analysis and enrichment analysis based on the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Geomes (KEGG). Result:A total of 159 active ingredients for Shengmai powder for atrial fibrillation were obtained. After the drug targets and the disease targets were intersected,206 common targets were obtained. PPI protein interaction network analysis showed that AKT1,TP53,PRKACA,IL-1B,TNF,INS,PPAR,RXR,F2,CACAN1C PKC might be the core targets of Shengmaisan in treating AF. GO enrichment analysis was used to identify 175 items (P<0.05),among which biological processes mainly included regulation of heart rate by cardiac conduction,membrane depolarization during action potential;cell components mainly included voltage-gated sodium/ potassium/calcium channel complex;molecular functions mainly included high-voltage-gated calcium channel activity,steroid hormone receptor activity. Through KEGG pathway enrichment analysis,100 signaling pathways were identified,mainly including cGMP/PKG signaling pathway,cAMP signaling pathway,serotonergic synapse,renin secretion,calcium signaling pathway. Conclusion:Based on the network pharmacology,Shengmaisan has multiple mechanisms in the prevention and treatment of atrial fibrillation. This study explores relevant signaling pathways,advantages and research directions of Shengmaisan in treatment of atrial fibrillation,so as to lay the foundation for further experimental verification.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872750

ABSTRACT

Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex(MOC) is a commonly used traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) in China. It is spicy-warm in property and bitter in flavor. It has the effects in eliminating dampness, eliminating phlegm and removing fullness. It is commonly used for dampness obstruction to spleen and stomach, chest and epigastric distension, glutinous grains, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and abdominal distension. It has a good efficacy in treating gastrointestinal discomfort and anorexia in clinic. The results showed that MOC mainly contains phenolic compounds, alkaloids and volatile oil. Magnolol, honokiol and other phenolic compounds are the main active substances, with obvious pharmacological activities on digestive, nervous, cardiovascular and respiratory systems. In addition, it also has anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-bacterial, anti-tumor and anti-oxidation effects. Except for magnolol and honokiol and other active substances, MOC flowers also contain volatile oil, with a similar effect with MOC but a weaker function. It is mainly used for treating spleen and stomach dampness, fullness, chest and epigastric distension. In addition to magnolol and honokiol and other phenolic compounds, MOC leaves also contain volatile oil, flavonoids and polysaccharides and other chemical components, which have antibacterial, antioxidative, vasodilatory and other pharmacological effects. It can be used as medicine instead of MOC in clinic. In this paper, the pharmacology studies of MOC in recent 5 years was reviewed, in order to better develop and utilize magnolia bark and its waste flowers and leaves, and further develop relevant functional products with MOC as the main drug, while providing new ideas for expanding the resources of TCM.

5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1676-1679, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827585

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Recently, adjustable-loop devices (ALDs) have been widely used, and their reliability has always been the focus of attention. This study compared loop length changes under pull stress caused by flexion and extension of the cadaver knee between ALDs and fixed-loop devices (FLDs) in terms of femoral fixation after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction.@*METHODS@#ACL reconstruction in cadaveric knee joints was performed under arthroscopy with femoral suspension devices and tibial fixation by tying sutures on staples. The knee joint was repeatedly flexed and extended 30 times after fixation. According to the femoral fixation device used (Endobutton or Ultrabutton), the knee joints were divided into two groups: the ALD group (12 specimens) and the FLD group (ten specimens). The length of the loop before and after fixation was measured, and the loop length of the ALD group was re-measured 1 day after reconstruction.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in the length of the loop between the two groups (t = 0.579, P = 0.569). One day later, the loop length of the ALDs retracted by 0.29 ± 0.33 (0-1.1) mm, and there was no retraction in three specimens.@*CONCLUSION@#There was no significant difference in the loop length under flexion and extension stress after ACL reconstruction between ALDs and FLDs.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827181

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the genome-wide DNA methylation differences in umbilical cord blood nucleated red blood cells (NRBCs) between term and preterm infants by using the methylation gene chip technology, and to screen the genes of differential methylation and biological signaling pathways which may be related to the expression of γ-globin gene (HBG).@*METHODS@#Umbilical cord bloods of eight term infants and eight preterm infants were collected, and NRBCs of each sample was isolated, then genome DNA was extracted and bisulfite conversion was performed. The DNA methylation sites were detected by using the Illumina 850K BeadChip. Differential DNA methylation sites were screened, and the function of genes with differential methylation was analyzed by using GO and KEGG enrichment analysis.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the preterm group, 4749 differential DNA methylation sites of term group were screened out, including 4359 hypomethylation sites and 390 hypermethylation sites. GO and KEGG analysis indicated that the function of genes with differential methylation mainly involved in the hemopoietic system, growth and development process, Wnt and Notch signal pathways.@*CONCLUSION@#The differentical methylation sites at genome-wide level in umbilicar cord blood NRBC of term and preterm infants have been obtained, and the signal pathway and genes which possibily related with swiching the expression of γ-globin gene to β-globin gene have been screened-out. This study provide the new targets for studing the mechamism regulating expression of HBG gene.


Subject(s)
DNA , DNA Methylation , Epigenesis, Genetic , Fetal Blood , Genome, Human , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature
7.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 618-622, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821839

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of COOK balloon placement time on the efficacy of severe intrauterine adhesions.Methods150 patients with severe IUA were prospectively enrolled and randomized divided into three short-term group, medium-term group and long-term group, with respectively balloon placement time 1 week, 1 month and 2 months. All subjects underwent transcervical resection of adhesion (TCRA). Re-adhesion and pregnancy rate after treatment, the relevant infection indicators, uterine cavity recovery, AFS score improvement rate, menstrual improvement, and endometrial thickness were analyzed.ResultsAll patients underwent transcervical resection of adhesion (TCRA) and COOK balloon placement successfully. Improvement of pregnancy rate and first pregnancy time were observed in group B and C than group A (P0.05).ConclusionPlacement of the uterine COOK balloon for more than 1 month may improve uterine cavity, pregnancy rate, AFS score, menstruation and endometrial thickness. However, the risk of infection increased at the second month after COOK balloon placement.

8.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 618-622, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821819

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of COOK balloon placement time on the efficacy of severe intrauterine adhesions.Methods150 patients with severe IUA were prospectively enrolled and randomized divided into three short-term group, medium-term group and long-term group, with respectively balloon placement time 1 week, 1 month and 2 months. All subjects underwent transcervical resection of adhesion (TCRA). Re-adhesion and pregnancy rate after treatment, the relevant infection indicators, uterine cavity recovery, AFS score improvement rate, menstrual improvement, and endometrial thickness were analyzed.ResultsAll patients underwent transcervical resection of adhesion (TCRA) and COOK balloon placement successfully. Improvement of pregnancy rate and first pregnancy time were observed in group B and C than group A (P0.05).ConclusionPlacement of the uterine COOK balloon for more than 1 month may improve uterine cavity, pregnancy rate, AFS score, menstruation and endometrial thickness. However, the risk of infection increased at the second month after COOK balloon placement.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776026

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the imaging features of optical coherence tomography angiography(OCTA)in eyes with wet age-related macular degeneration(wAMD)after treatment with 3+pro re nata(3+PRN)of intravitreal anti-Ranibizumab.Methods This study included 8 treatment-naive eyes with wAMD diagnosed by fluorescein fundus angiography(FFA)and indocyanine green angiography(ICGA)from September 2016 to May 2017.All the patients were treated with 3+PRN of intravitreal anti-Ranibizumab(0.5 mg/0.05 ml).We performed OCTA with 6 mm×6 mm scans at baseline and 1,3,and 6 months after treatment.We analyzed best corrected visual acuity(BCVA)(logMAR),type of choroidal neovascular(CNV),and morphological features and changes of CNV,central retinal thickness(CRT),outer retina vessel density(ORVD),and choroidal capillary vessel density(CCVD).Results A total of 8 eyes were examined in 8 patients[4 males and 4 females with a mean age of(70.9±10.6)years of age].Three eyes had type Ⅰ CNV and 5 eyes had type Ⅱ CNV.At baseline,month 1,month 3,and month 6,BCVA was 0.55(0.33,0.87),0.35(0.24,0.84),0.35(0.22,0.58),and 0.26(0.10,0.58)logMAR,respectively(all >0.05).CRT was(271.88±91.95),(204.00±45.78),(196.00±31.14),and(219.25±71.32)μm,respectively,and there was a statistical significance between CRT at baseline and CRT at month 3(=2.211,=0.044).ORVD was(41.38±2.77)%,(41.73±3.60)%,(42.53±1.95)%,and(41.40±2.33)%,respectively(all >0.05).CCVD was(64.38±2.24)%,(64.96±1.39)%,(64.16±1.39)%,and(64.63±1.86)%,respectively(all >0.05).Correlation analysis showed BCVA was significantly correlated with both CRT(=0.009, =0.457)and CCVD(=0.001,=0.574),but not with ORVD(=0.093,=0.302).The morphological features at baseline showed that 2 eyes were lump-like,2 eyes were line-like,2 eyes were tangles,1 eye was elliptical ring-like,and 1 eye was fragment.At month 1,the morphologies were improved in 7 eyes,including the CNV showed decreased maximum diameter,rupture/fragment,loss of peripheral capillaries,decreased numbers and density,and reduced maximum cross-sectional area;the condition became worse in 1 eye,including the CNV showed ring formation,increased density,and increased maximum diameter.At month 3,the morphologied of 7 eyes were improved,while no obvious change was seen in 1 eye.At month 6,the CNV became normalized in 5 eyes but worsened in 3 eyes.No intraocular infection or other intravitreal injection-related complication was observed during the follow-up.Conclusion Observing CNV characteristics using OCTA technology can be used to evaluate the efficacy of Ranibizumab in patients with wAMD and guide the treatment and follow-up of wAMD patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Angiogenesis Inhibitors , Therapeutic Uses , Angiography , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Ranibizumab , Therapeutic Uses , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Treatment Outcome , Visual Acuity , Wet Macular Degeneration , Diagnostic Imaging , Therapeutics
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695635

ABSTRACT

Objective·To explore the association of fat content with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients.Methods · Eligible PD patients in Renji Hospital,Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from November 2016 to June 2017 were recruited.Demographic data of patients were collected and biochemical indicators were measured.Fat content was measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis,and LVH was accessed using echocardiography.The prevalence of LVH in PD patients was compared between groups with different fat contents.Logistic regression was used to analyze the associated risk factors of LVH.Results · A total of 163 PD patients with a mean age of 55.85±13.20 years and a median PD duration of 46.0 (20.0,73.0) months were enrolled.Of them,98 patients (60.1%) were male,34 patients (20.9%) had diabetes mellitus,19 patients (11.7%) combined with cardiovascular disease and 122 patients (74.8%) were hypertensive.There were 51 patients (31.3%) with LVH,including 31 patients (37.8%) in high fat tissue index (FTI) group (n=82) and 20 patients (24.7%) in low FTI group (n=81).Logistic regression analysis indicated that FTI (OR=1.133,95% CI 1.003-1.280,P=0.044),overhydration (OR=1.651,95% CI 1.257-2.169,P=0.000) and hemoglobin (OR=0.972,95% CI 0.948-0.997,P=0.028) were independently associated with LVH in PD patients.Conclusion · LVH is common in PD patients,especially in high fat content patients.Higher fat content,higher overhydration and lower levels of hemoglobin are risk factors for LVH in PD patients.

11.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 1-6,12, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692377

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyse the relationship between Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrum ofrat's spleen tissue and postmortem interval (PMI) for PMI estimation using FTIR spectroscopy combinedwith data mining method. Methods Rats were sacrificed by cervical dislocation, and the cadavers were placed at 20 ℃. The FTIR spectrum data of rats' spleen tissues were taken and measured at different time points. After pretreatment, the data was analysed by data mining method. Results The absorption peak intensity of rat's spleen tissue spectrum changed with the PMI, while the absorption peak position was unchanged. The results of principal component analysis (PCA) showed that the cumulative contribution rate of the first three principal components was 96%. There was an obvious clustering tendency for the spectrum sample at each time point. The methods of partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS- DA) and support vector machine classification (SVMC) effectively divided the spectrum samples with different PMI into four categories (0-24 h, 48-72 h, 96-120 h and 144-168 h). The determination coefficient (R2) of the PMI estimation model established by PLS regression analysis was 0.96, and the root mean square error of calibration (RMSEC) and root mean square error of cross validation (RMSECV) were 9.90 h and 11.39 h respectively. In prediction set, the R2 was 0.97, and the root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) was 10.49 h. Conclusion The FTIR spectrum of the rat's spleen tissue can be effectively analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively by the combination of FTIR spectroscopy and data mining method, and the classification and PLS regression models can be established for PMI estimation.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703802

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore pathological features and survival of triple positive breast cancer (TPBC).Methods:The clinical data of 271 cases of triple positive breast cancer from January 2010 to January 2017 in Suqian area were collected,compared with 283 cases of Luminal B I (HER2 negative).The clinical pathological features and survival were analyzed.Results:Among 271 cases of triple positive breast cancer,there were 89 cases (32.84%) of distant recurrence and metastasis in 2 years,and 137 cases (50.55%) of distant recurrence in 5 years.Among 283 cases of Luminal B I,there were 32 cases (11.31 %) of distant recurrence and metastasis in 2 years.and 52 cases (18.37%) of distant recurrence in 5 years.There were significantly differences(P<0.05).1 year Disease-free survival (DFS)and Overall survival (OS) of all patients were 100%,Among 271 cases of triple positive breast cancer,2-year DFS and OS were 64.94 %,85.24% respectively.3-year DFS and OS were 54.98 %,69.74% respectively,5-year DFS and OS were 43.54%,47.23% respectively.Among 283 cases of Luminal B I,2-year DFS and OS were 86.22 %,95.76% respectively.3-year DFS and OS were 81.98 %,80.92% respectively,5-year DFS and OS were 76.33%,67.49% respectively.There were significantly differences(P<0.05).Conclusion:TPBC has the characteristics of poor biological behavior,large mass,pathological grade of grade Ⅲ,vascular or nerve infiltration,axillary lymph node metastasis,high proliferation index and high tumor load,and early distant recurrence,low DFS and OS.We Should choose individualized,targeted treatment programs,based on patient's hormone receptor and Ki67 expression,so as to benefit patients of TPBC.

13.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 337-342, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812763

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare three different pathways for transurethral seminal vesiculoscopy (SVS) and investigate the reliability and efficiency of transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS)-guided SVS (TRUS-SVS).@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed 90 cases of seminal vesiculoscopy conducted directly through the ejaculatory duct or prostatic utricle or under the guide of TRUS. We compared the success rate and complications among the three approaches.@*RESULTS@#Operations were successfully performed in 87 (96.67%) of the 90 cases, 30 through the ejaculatory duct, 37 via the prostatic utricle, and 20 under the guide of TRUS, the operation time ranging from 25 to 75 minutes. Sperm was detected from the seminal vesicle fluid in (92.06%) of the azoospermia patients (58/63) during the surgery and in 77.78% of them (49/63) in semen analysis at 1 week postoperatively. Fifteen hematospermia and 12 spermatocystitis patients were cured. Postoperative follow-up found 20 cases of water-like semen and 3 cases of orchiepididymitis, but no such complications as retrograde ejaculation, incontinence, or rectourethral fistula.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Transejaculatory duct and transprostatic utricle pathways are two common approaches to SVS, while TRUS-SVS may achieve a higher success rate and avoid injury of both the prostate and the rectum.


Subject(s)
Azoospermia , Diagnostic Imaging , Ejaculatory Ducts , Diagnostic Imaging , Epididymitis , Diagnostic Imaging , Genital Diseases, Male , Hemospermia , Diagnostic Imaging , Humans , Male , Operative Time , Prostate , Diagnostic Imaging , Rectum , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Semen , Semen Analysis , Seminal Vesicles , Diagnostic Imaging , Spermatozoa , Ultrasonography , Methods
14.
Neurology Asia ; : 313-323, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-732040

ABSTRACT

Background: Tuberculous disease of spine (spinal TB) is under-recognized in tuberculous (TB) meningitis.The objective of the study was to evaluate the frequency, clinical and neuroimaging changes, andoutcome in the patients with spinal TB. Methods: All the patients with spinal TB admitted in the twolargest tertiary hospitals in Kuala Lumpur from 2009 to 2017 were recruited, the clinical features weredocumented, the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the spine was performed. Clinical outcome wasassessed with Modified Rankin scale (MRS). Results: Twenty two patients were recruited. This wasout of 70 TB meningitis patients (31.4%) seen over the same period. Eighteen (81.8%) patients hadconcomitant TB meningitis. The clinical features consisted of systemic symptoms with fever (63.6%),meningitis symptoms with altered sensorium (45.5%), myelopathy with paraparesis (36.4%). Thefindings on spinal MRI were discitis (36.4%), spinal meningeal enhancement (31.8%), spinal cordcompression (31.8%), psoas abscess (27.3%), osteomyelitis (22.7%), and cord oedema (22.7%). Allexcept two patients (90.9%) had involvement in psoas muscle, bone or leptomeningeal enhancement,features that can be used to differentiate from myelopathy that affect the parenchyma only, such asdemyelination. Unusual manifestations were syringomyelia and paradoxical manifestations seen in 3patients each. The outcome were overall poor, with 68% having MRS 3 or more.Conclusion: Spinal TB is common in TB meningitis. The outcome is overall poor. A heightenedawareness is crucial to enable early diagnosis and treatment.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258446

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effect of turmeric volatile oil (TVO) on the apoptosis and proliferation of human skin SCC A431 cells, A431 cells were incubated with different concentrations (5-80 mg•L⁻¹) of TVO in vitro.The proliferation and cell cycle were assessed by CCK8 assay. The change of morphology was observed with inverted microscope. Apoptosis was evaluated with AO/EB double staining and flow cytometry (FCM); cell cycle was analyzed with FCM .Western blot method was used to detect caspase-3 and caspase-9 protein expression. Results indicated that TVO has significant inhibitory effects on the growth of A431 cells in a dose dependent relationship, the difference between groups has statistically significant (P<0.05). TVO group compared with control group, concentrations in cells shrivel and broken phenomenon, cell apoptosis rate increased, and a dose dependent and increased the expression of caspase-3 and caspase-9. The experiment results suggested that TVO could restrain skin squamous carcinoma A431 cells proliferation, and induce its apoptosis. The mechanism may be related to increase the expression of caspase-3 and caspase-9.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-162044

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Patients with long-standing diabetes often demonstrate intestinal dysfunction and abdominal pain. However, the pathophysiology of abdominal pain in diabetic patients remains elusive. The purpose of study was to determine roles of voltage-gated sodium channels in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) in colonic hypersensitivity of rats with diabetes. METHODS: Diabetic models were induced by a single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ; 65 mg/kg) in adult female rats, while the control rats received citrate buffer only. Behavioral responses to colorectal distention were used to determine colonic sensitivity in rats. Colon projection DRG neurons labeled with DiI were acutely dissociated for measuring excitability and sodium channel currents by whole-cell patch clamp recordings. Western blot analysis was employed to measure the expression of NaV1.7 and NaV1.8 of colon DRGs. RESULTS: STZ injection produced a significantly lower distention threshold than control rats in responding to colorectal distention. STZ injection also depolarized the resting membrane potentials, hyperpolarized action potential threshold, decreased rheobase and increased frequency of action potentials evoked by 2 and 3 times rheobase and ramp current stimulation. Furthermore, STZ injection enhanced neuronal sodium current densities of DRG neurons innervating the colon. STZ injection also led to a significant upregulation of NaV1.7 and NaV1.8 expression in colon DRGs compared with age and sex-matched control rats. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that enhanced neuronal excitability following STZ injection, which may be mediated by upregulation of NaV1.7 and NaV1.8 expression in DRGs, may play an important role in colonic hypersensitivity in rats with diabetes.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Action Potentials , Adult , Animals , Architectural Accessibility , Blotting, Western , Citric Acid , Colon , Diagnosis-Related Groups , Female , Ganglia, Spinal , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Injections, Intraperitoneal , Membrane Potentials , Neurons , Rats , Sensory Receptor Cells , Sodium , Sodium Channels , Streptozocin , Up-Regulation , Voltage-Gated Sodium Channels
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461052

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the influence of length of the alanine tract of forkhead box E1 (FOXE1) gene on genetic susceptibility to idiopathic premature ovarian failure (POF). Methods Totally 110 patients with idiopathic POF were recruited between February 2009 and December 2012 at the Affiliated Shenzhen City Maternity and Child Healthcare Hospital of Southern Medical University. Controls (n=110) were individuals with normal menstrual cycles, normal FSH concentrations. The polyalanine tract and flanking sequence of FOXE1 were screened using the multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) technique and direct sequence technique. Results The most frequent of FOXE1 polyalanine stretch length was 14 residues in both groups. The length of FOXE1 polyalanine reported in this study varied from 12 to 16 alanines, and three variants of FOXE1-polyalanine length, containing 12, 14, or 16 alanine residues, and 5 different genotypes were identified. The most common genotypes were 14/14 homozygote, occurring with the frequency of 81.8% (90/110) in the POF group, while 96.4% (106/110) in control subjects, respectively. The incidence of 14/14 genotypes of FOXE1-polyalanine was significantly lower in patients with POF (χ2=119.730, P=0.001) in comparison to the controls. There were significantly higher frequencies of the 16/16 genotypes in cases with POF [10.0% (11/110) versus 0; χ2=3.403, P=0.001], as compared with the controls. The FOXE1 14 alanine allele was significantly less common in the POF patient group than the controls [84.5% (186/220) versus 98.2% (216/220); χ2=25.923, P=0.001]. The FOXE1 16 alanine allele was significantly more common in the POF patient group than the controls [12.7% (28/220) versus 1.8% (4/220); χ2=19.412, P=0.001]. Conclusions The polymorphism of the polyalanine tract of FOXE1 gene have a certain relevance for the genetic aetiology of idiopathic POF.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812263

ABSTRACT

The incidence of diabetes has increased considerably, and become the third serious chronic disease following cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Though acarbose, metformin, and 1-deoxynojirimycin have good efficacy for clinical application as hypoglycemic drugs, their expensive costs and some degree of side effects have limited their clinical application. Recently, increasing attention has concentrated on the polysaccharides from natural plant and animal sources for diabetes. In order to illustrate the pharmaceutical activity of polysaccharides as natural hypoglycemic agents, polysaccharides isolated from Astragalus, oyster mushroom, and Yacon were evaluated for their inhibitory effects on α-glucosidase. Polysaccharides were extracted and purified from Astragalus, Oyster mushroom, and Yacon with hot water at 90 °C for 3 h, respectively. The total sugar content of the polysaccharide was determined by the phenol-sulfuric acid method. The α-glucosidase inhibitory activity was measured by the glucose oxidase method. The results exhibited that the inhibitory effects on α-glucosidase were in decreasing order, Astragalus > oyster mushroom > Yacon. The α-glucosidase inhibition percentage of Astragalus polysaccharide and oyster mushroom polysaccharide were over 40% at the polysaccharide concentration of 0.4 mg·mL(-1). The IC50 of Astragalus polysaccharide and oyster mushroom polysaccharide were 0.28 and 0.424 mg·mL(-1), respectively. The information obtained from this work is beneficial for the use polysaccharides as a dietary supplement for health foods and therapeutics for diabetes.


Subject(s)
Asteraceae , Chemistry , Astragalus Plant , Chemistry , Diabetes Mellitus , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Glycoside Hydrolase Inhibitors , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Humans , Pleurotus , Chemistry , Polysaccharides , Chemistry , Pharmacology , alpha-Glucosidases , Chemistry
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-470541

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the difference of the self-concept and self-esteem between the common and sub-orphan children,and explore the correlation of the self-concept and self-esteem.It can provide objective basis for appropriate psychological intervention.Methods Across-sectional survey,185 sub-orphan children of a sub-orphan charity school and 167 common children were investigated,Children's Self-concept Scale(PHCSS) and Children 's Self-esteem scale (CSES) were used to measure the self-concept and self-esteem.Results (1) There was no significant difference on total score of PHCSS between two children groups ((53.30± 13.34) vs (50.83± 11.53),t=1.86,P=0.06),but the score of intelligence and the situation in schools,appearance and properties,gregarious in sub-orphan children was significantly higher than that of common children,respectively((10.64±3.45) vs (9.23±3.47);(7.05±3.19) vs (6.31±2.73);(8.30±2.43) vs (7.72±1.86),P<0.05).(2) There was no significant difference on total score of CSES between two children groups(P>0.05),but the score of the sports and achievement of CSES in sub-orphan children was significantly less than that of common children,respectively (P< 0.05).(3) There was significant correlation between self-concept and self-esteem in sub-orphan children (P<0.05).Conclusion There are some psychological problems in sub-orphan children and need to implement appropriate psychological intervention.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444682

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and coronary atherosclerosis plaque through coronary CT angiography (CTA) in asymptomatic individuals.Methods Two hundred and fifty cases with CTA screened were selected in asymptomatic individuals,and according to the inspection result they were divided into no plaque group (detection of no coronary atherosclerosis plaque,180 cases) and plaque group (detection of coronary atherosclerosis plaque,70 cases).All cases were checked carotid IMT with B-ultrasonic.Results ANOVAs analysis showed that age and body mass index (BMI) had significant correlation with coronary atherosclerosis plaque (P < 0.05).x2 test was used to show the smoking and family history of coronary heart disease had significant correlation with coronary atherosclerosis plaque (P < 0.05).Univariate Logistic regression analysis showed that carotid IMT,systolic pressure,diastolic pressure,low density lipoprotein cholesterol,fasting serum glucose and creatinine had significant correlation with coronary atherosclerosis plaque (P < 0.05).Multifactor Logistic regression analysis showed that carotid IMT had correlation with coronary atherosclerosis plaque (P < 0.05).Conclusion There is significant relationship between carotid IMT and coronary atherosclerosis plaque in asymptomatic individuals.

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