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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879198

ABSTRACT

Drug combination is a common clinical phenomenon. However, the scientific implementation of drug combination is li-mited by the weak rational evaluation that reflects its clinical characteristics. In order to break through the limitations of existing evaluation tools, examining drug-to-drug and drug-to-target action characteristics is proposed from the physical, chemical and biological perspectives, combining clinical multicenter case resources, domestic and international drug interaction public facilities with the aim of discovering the common rules of drug combination. Machine learning technology is employed to build a system for evaluating and predicting the rationality of clinical drug combinations based on "drug characteristics-repository information-artificial intelligence" strategy, which will be debugged and validated in multi-center clinical practice, with a view to providing new ideas and technical references for the safety and efficacy of clinical drug use.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , Drug Combinations , Machine Learning , Technology
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879165

ABSTRACT

To explore the drug use rules of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) in the treatment of ulcerative colitis, and to provide some references for clinical treatment. The full-text search of "ulcerative colitis+TCM" was conducted based on CNKI. The literatures published from 2000 to 2020 were selected, and the clinical prescriptions for ulcerative colitis were selected according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The statistical processing and association rule analysis were carried out with use of Excel 2013, Clementine 12.0 and IBM SPSS Statistics 25.0 statistical software. A total of 177 prescriptions were obtained after retrieval of 3 432 relevant literatures, including 93 oral prescriptions and 84 enema prescriptions. Among them, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma, Coptidis Rhizoma, Aucklandiae Radix and Paeoniae Radix Alba were the most frequently used drugs in oral administration, with the functions of tonifying, heat clearing and Qi regulating. The drugs with high frequency in enema included Bletillae Rhizoma, Coptidis Rhizoma, Sanguisorbae Radix, Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex and Sophorae Flavescentis Radix, with the functions of heat clearing, blood stopping and tonifying. Both oral and enema means of drugs were mainly of warm, cold and slightly cold properties, and bitter and sweet flavors, involving spleen, stomach, lung and large intestine. In cluster analysis, oral and enema drugs were divi-ded into 5 groups. Accordingly, in the treatment of ulcerative colitis, tonifying medicine, heat clearing medicine and Qi regulating medicine are often used for oral administration and heat clearing medicine, hemostatic medicine and tonifying medicine are often used for enema administration. On this basis, they are combined with diuretic drugs and astringent drugs respectively.


Subject(s)
Colitis, Ulcerative/drug therapy , Data Mining , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879055

ABSTRACT

The rat everted intestinal sac model was adopted to investigate the absorption of total flavonoids from Coreopsis tinctoria in different intestinal segments. Cyaniding-3-O-β-D-glucoside, chlorogenic acid, flavanomarein, quercetagetin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, iso-okanin, marein and 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid which as the major chemical components of total flavonoids from C. tinctoria were selec-ted as the study objects to evaluate the absorption characteristics of each component in different intestinal segments. The results showed that the absorption of seven components of total flavonoids at different intestinal segments was in consistent with zero order absorption rate. The K_a of chlorogenic acid, flavanomarein, quercetagetin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, isookanin and 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid increased with increasing of concentration of total flavonoids(P<0.05), indicating that the intestinal absorption of these five components was passive transport. The K_a of cyaniding-3-O-β-D-glucoside and marein showed a weak concentration dependence, suggesting that the absorption of them may be an positive and passive co-existing mode. The result of absorption in different intestinal segments showed that cyaniding-3-O-β-D-glucoside, chlorogenic acid, flavanomarein, quercetagetin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, marein and 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid were mainly absorbed in ileum, while isookanin was mainly absorbed in jejunum. The total flavonoids of C. tinctoria are selectively absorbed in intestinal tract, the rat everted intestinal sac model can be used to evaluate the multi-component intestinal absorption characteristics of total flavonoids from C. tinctoria.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chlorogenic Acid , Coreopsis , Flavonoids , Intestinal Absorption , Plant Extracts , Rats
4.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 94-99, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885735

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical manifestations and esophageal motility characteristics of patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and extra-esophageal symptoms.Methods:From January 1 to October 30, 2018, at PLA Rocket Force Characteristic Medical Center, 180 hospitalized patients diagnosed with GERD and extra-esophageal symptoms were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into laryngopharyngeal symptom group (65 cases), airway symptom group (58 cases) and mixed symptom group (57 cases). General data, clinical symptoms, gastroscopic manitestations, the results of high-resolution esophageal manometry and 24-hour multichannel intraluminal impedance and pH monitoring of each group were analyzed and compared. Chi-square test and one-way analysis of variance were used for statistical analysis.Results:The patients aged <40, 40 to 60 and >60 years accounted for 12.8% (23/180), 53.3% (96/180) and 33.9% (61/180), respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=12.030, P=0.017). There were 18.9%(34/180) of patients without typical reflux symptoms. There were statistically significant differences in the incidence of ectopic esophagogastric mucosa or Barrett esophagus under gastroscopy between laryngopharyngeal symptom group, airway symptom group and mixed symptom group (21.5%, 14/65; 5.2%, 3/58 and 8.8%, 5/57, respectively) ( χ2=8.578, P=0.014). There were no statistically significant differences in the lower esophageal sphincter pressure (LESP), upper esophageal sphincter pressure or distal contractile integral between laryngopharyngeal symptom group, airway symptom group and mixed symptom group ((8.57±0.76), (8.87±0.79), and (10.51±0.97) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa); (44.75±2.86), (42.81±4.06), and (39.14±3.20) mmHg; (506.13±64.30), (432.59±78.10), and (682.99±82.28) mmHg·s·cm)(all P>0.05). The DeMeester score of laryngopharyngeal symptom group , mixed symptom group and airway symptom group was (14.33±2.09), (21.94±5.30) and (30.47±5.85) points, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( F=3.226, P=0.043). The results of multi-channel impedance monitoring showed that acid reflux and weak acid reflux were the main reflux in the patients, which accounted for 55.5% (76/137) and 34.3% (47/137), respectively. Among 87.6% (120/137) of the patients, reflux mainly occurred in the upright position while 12.4% (17/137) of the patients had reflux in the supine position. Conclusions:The extra-esophageal symptoms of GERD is associated with age. Ectopic esophagogastric mucosa or Barrett esophagus are more common in GERD patients with laryngopharyngeal symptoms. There are more acid exposure and pathologic acid reflux in GERD mainly with airway symptoms. Weak acid reflux at upright position plays an important role in the reflux mechanism of GERD with extra-esophageal symptoms.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883964

ABSTRACT

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), which has the main clinical features of intrusive obsessions and compulsive behaviors, is listed as one of the top ten disabling diseases by the World Health Organization.Error related negativity(ERN) is a neurocognitive alarm signal in the case of errors.The individual differences in the ERN reflect the variability in reactivity to errors and to an internally generated threat.More and more studies have reported that ERN amplitudes in OCD have significantly increased.As a result, overactive error-monitoring is a core dysfunction disorder in OCD, which is closely related to the key symptoms of OCD including worry, doubt, repeating check behaviors.In addition, the increased ERN amplitudes are expected to serve as a diagnostic or predictive marker of OCD as well as a potential intervention target of this disease.Therefore, further understanding about the relationship between ERN and pathophysiology of OCD plays an important role in the effective diagnosis and treatment of OCD.The current paper aims to review the research results of ERN in patients with OCD and explore the following issues: the common experiment paradigms of ERN in OCD, the brain region sources of ERN in OCD, the characteristic manifestations of ERN in OCD, influencing factors of ERN and clinical value and application of ERN in OCD.In a word, it will provide reference for clinical practice and scientific research in the future.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882576

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical effects of Yishen-Shengxue Decoction on the prevention and treatment of bone marrow suppression in acute myeloid leukemia after chemotherapy. Methods:A total of 60 patients in Beijing Longfu Hospital from June 2018 to March 2020 were randomly divided into control group and observation group, 30 cases in each group. The control group was treated with western medicine and blood transfusion, while the observation group was treated with Yishen-Shengxue Decoction on the basis of the control group. Both groups were treated for 2 weeks. We recorded the occurrence time and duration of Ⅳ degree myelosuppression of the two groups, compared the score of symptoms and signs, injection volume of recombinant human granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) and blood transfusion volume, and recorded the incidence of adverse reactions after chemotherapy. Results:The occurrence of myelosuppression in the observation group was significantly later than that of the control group (5.07 ± 0.87 d vs. 3.83 ± 1.15 d; t=4.695, P<0.01), and the duration of grade Ⅳ myelosuppression was significantly shorter than that of the control group (7.20 ± 0.76 d vs. 10.03 ± 1.30 d; t=10.305, P<0.01); The quantity of granulocyte colony stimulating factor injection in the observation group was significantly less than that of the control group (7.2 ± 0.8 vs. 10.0 ± 1.3, t=10.305), and the quantity of red blood cell suspension (2.5 ± 1.5 U vs. 4.7 ± 1.5 U, t=7.749) and platelet transfusion (1.7 ± 0.5 U vs. 3.1 ± 0.9 U, t=5.879) were significantly less than that of the control group ( P<0.01); the quantitative score of symptoms and signs in the observation group were significantly lower than thoseof the control group ( t values were 18.208, 15.129, respectively, all Ps<0.01). The adverse reactions of the patients in the observation group after chemotherapy were significantly less than those of the control group, and the incidence of infection, bleeding and ECG abnormalities were statistically significant ( χ2 values were 7.500, 10.000, 4.286, respectively, all Ps<0.01). Conclusion:Yishen-Shengxue Decoction is helpful to delay the occurrence of myelosuppression, and promote its recovery, reduce various adverse reactions during myelosuppression, and improve the quality of life.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882545

ABSTRACT

Objective:The response surface methodology (RSM) and Box-Behnken design were adopted to optimize the preparation for citrus oils β-cyclodextrin microspheres inclusion compound. And the physical characterization and heat stability were evaluated.Methods:The best preparation technology included inverse emulsion polymerization and saturated water solution method, with volatile oil weight ratio and microspheres, microspheres and water feeding ratio, inclusion temperature as impact factors, inclusion rate as the response value, establish regression model,. We explored the orange peel naphtha beta ring paste by microscopy, infrared spectroscopy (IR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and heat stability test.Results:The best preparation technology included the essential oil with beta ring paste microspheres ( V: m), the ratio of 1:10, beta ring paste small ball and the ratio of water (m: V) for 1:15, and inclusion temperature for 41 ℃. The average encapsulation efficiency and the average rate of yield under optimized conditions were 62.21% and 85.24%, respectively. The physical characterization and thermal stability tests demonstrated that the β-cyclodextrin microsphere inclusion complex of volatile oil from Citrus was successfully prepared and the physical properties were stable. Conclusion:The preparation method of citrus oils β-cyclodextrin microspheres inclusion compound by using the response surface methodology.

8.
International Eye Science ; (12): 137-139, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837732

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To analyze the difference of the angle between the long axis of lacrimal sac and bony nasolacrimal duct(BNLD)in patients with chronic dacryocystitis and normal eyes, and discuss the relationship between the angle and chronic dacryocystitis.<p>METHODS:A total of 218 patients(248 diseased eyes)from Sichuan Province who visited the ophthalmology department of our hospital from January 2016 to March 2019 were collected retrospectively. All patients underwent computed tomography dacryocystography(CT-DCG)immediately after bilateral lacrimal duct irrigation, and three-dimensional reconstruction of the nasolacrimal duct structure was performed. The structures of the nasolacrimal duct, lacrimal sac and its surrounding tissues were observed in the coronal position, and the lacrimal sac-BNLD angles of the diseased eyes and the normal eyes were measured respectively.<p>RESULTS:The lacrimal sac-BNLD angle of the diseased eyes \〖23.55°(17.30°, 29.90°)\〗 was higher than that of the normal eyes \〖20.05°(15.40°, 28.35°)\〗(<i>P</i><0.05). Among them, the angle of the diseased eyes in female patients \〖24.60°(17.75°, 31.00°)\〗 was significantly higher than that in normal eyes \〖21.15°(15.10°, 27.35°)\〗(<i>P</i><0.05), while there was no significant difference in the angle between the diseased eyes and normal eyes in male patients(<i>P</i>>0.05). In addition, the angle of the diseased eyes in the age group of 41-60 a \〖25.20°(17.90°, 33.00°)\〗 was significantly higher than that in normal eyes \〖21.60°(15.25°, 29.05°)\〗(<i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: The angle between the long axis of lacrimal sac and bony nasolacrimal duct increased in patients with chronic dacryocystitis, which may be one of the factors causing the onset of chronic dacryocystitis in middle-aged and elderly women.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878325

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The relationship between outdoor temperature and blood pressure (BP) has been inconclusive. We analyzed data from a prospective cohort study in northwestern China to investigate the effect of outdoor temperature on BP and effect modification by season.@*Methods@#A total of 32,710 individuals who participated in both the baseline survey and the first follow-up in 2011-2015 were included in the study. A linear mixed-effect model and generalized additive mixed model (GAMM) were applied to estimate the association between outdoor temperature and BP after adjusting for confounding variables.@*Results@#The mean differences in systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) between summer and winter were 3.5 mmHg and 2.75 mmHg, respectively. After adjusting for individual characteristics, meteorological factors and air pollutants, a significant increase in SBP and DBP was observed for lag 06 day and lag 04 day, a 0.28 mmHg (95% @*Conclusions@#This study demonstrated a significant negative association between outdoor temperature and BP in a high-altitude environment of northwest China. Moreover, BP showed a significant seasonal variation. The association between BP and temperature differed by season and individuals' demographic characteristics (age, gender, BMI), unhealthy behaviors (smoking and alcohol consumption), and chronic disease status (CVDs, hypertension, and diabetes).


Subject(s)
Adult , Blood Pressure/physiology , China/epidemiology , Environmental Exposure/statistics & numerical data , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Seasons , Temperature
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877607

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the efficacy of acupuncture combined with @*METHODS@#A total of 180 children with cerebral palsy were randomly divided into a combined group (60 cases, 2 cases dropped off), an acupuncture group (60 cases, 4 cases dropped off) and a Chinese medication group (60 cases, 5 cases dropped off). On the basis of conventional treatment, the children in the combined group were treated with acupuncture [Baihui (GV 20), Sishencong (EX-HN 1), Shenting (GV 24), Benshen (GB 13), 30 min each time, twice a day] and @*RESULTS@#The total effective rate was 91.4% (53/58) in the combined group, which was higher than 80.4% (45/56) in the acupuncture group and 78.2% (43/55) in the Chinese medication group (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture combined with


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Cerebral Palsy/drug therapy , Child , Humans , Powders , Treatment Outcome
11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 604-609, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873789

ABSTRACT

After entering the physiological environment, proteins and other biomolecules bind to the nanoparticles' surface, called protein corona. The corona establishes a new bio-interface that affects its physicochemical properties and biological behaviors. Variations in types and contents of human plasma proteins during the different physiological states can substantially change the composition and effects of the corona. With folic acid (FA)-modified polylactic acid-polyglycolic acid copolymer (PLGA) nanoparticles, the formation of protein coronas and their influence on the targeting capability are studied in healthy and ovarian human plasma. All human plasma samples were collected at the Peking University Third Hospital and this study protocol has been approved by Peking University Third Hospital Medical Science Research Ethics Committee (2019-409-1). Dynamic light scattering measurements demonstrated a 10-40 nm increase in their size distributions and a 30 mV decreased in their absolute zeta-potential since protein corona-coated PLGA-PEG and PLGA-FA were formed. The SDS-PAGE analysis showed the composition of the protein coronas from ovarian and healthy plasma in PLGA-FA were markedly distinct, particularly for proteins with molecular weight of 45, 110 and >180 kDa. Flow cytometry indicated that the absorption of ovarian plasma in PLGA-FA led to a lower cellular uptake by SKOV3 cells. Our results suggest that in vitro formed ovarian plasma protein corona could shield targeting molecules and reduced receptor-mediated internalization. The results of this pilot study will provide evidence of the effectiveness of active targeting nanoparticles under pathologic conditions. Additionally, the protein corona in different diseases is emerging as a key point; thus, a comprehensive understanding could accelerate clinical translation of functionalized nanoparticles.

12.
J Biosci ; 2020 Feb; : 1-9
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-214330

ABSTRACT

Ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury is a major cause of clinical emergencies during and after surgical procedures.Propofol protects the heart from cardiovascular IR injury by inhibiting autophagy. MicroRNAs (miRNAs)participate in anesthetic-regulated cardiovascular injury. MiR-20b-5p targets unc-51-like autophagy activatingkinase 1 (ULK1). Its role in propofol-modulated cardiovascular IR injury remains unclear, however. In thisstudy, we used an in vitro model of hypoxia-reoxygenation (HR)-induced injury to human umbilical veinendothelial cells (HUVECs) to determine the protective effect of miR-20b-5p in cells preconditioned withpropofol. We found that miR-20b-5p was significantly higher and ULK1 was lower in propofol-preconditionedHUVECs with HR injury than in HUVECs with HR injury only. Additionally, miR-20b-5p overexpressionincreased cell viability and repressed autophagy and apoptosis more in propofol-preconditioned HUVECs withHR injury than in HUVECs with HR injury only. A luciferase reporter assay confirmed the target reactionbetween miR-20b-5p and ULK1. Overexpression of ULK1 restrained the protective effect of miR-20b-5p inpropofol-preconditioned HUVECs with HR injury. In conclusion, our results indicate that propofol inhibitsautophagic cell death via the miR-20b-5p-ULKI axis and that ULK1 may be a therapeutic target for cardiovascular IR injury

13.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 138-142, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799582

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To reveal the related factors of inhibitors and differences ofhemorrhage and joint disease before and after the production of inhibitors in children with hemophilia A (HA) .@*Methods@#Retrospective analyses of the clinical data of 381 children with HA under the age of 16 registered in the Registration Management Center of Hemophilia in Henan Provincial from January 2015 to August 2018.@*Results@#A total of the 381 children were enrolled with 116 (30.4%) mild, 196 (51.4%) moderate, and 69 (18.1%) severe cases; 54 patients (14.2%) had inhibitors, including 22 high and 32 low titer inhibitors. Positive family history was positively associated with inhibitors[P<0.001, OR=3.299 (95%CI 1.743-5.983) ], and high-intensity exposure was associated with inhibitors[P=0.002, OR=2.587 (95%CI 1.414-4.731) ]. High-intensity exposure was associated with high titer inhibitor production[P=0.001, OR=8.689 (95%CI 2.464-30.638) ], and high-intensity exposure increased the risk of high titer inhibitors in HA patients. After inhibitors occurred in 54 patients with HA, the rates of overall joint annual bleeding (z=-3.440, P=0.001) and traumatic annual bleeding (z=-2.232, P=0.026) increased, but the rates of the annual joint bleeding (z=-1.342, P=0.180) and spontaneous annual bleeding (z=-1.414, P=0.157) remained to be not statistically significant. The joint ultrasound score did not change significantly after the inhibitor information (z=-0.632, P=0.527) .@*Conclusions@#Positive family history and high-intensity exposure could increase the risk of F Ⅷ inhibitors in HA patients, and high-intensity exposure increased the risk of high titer inhibitors. The rates of the overall joint annual bleeding and traumatic annual bleeding increased after the inhibitor information.

14.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 17-21, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798946

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinicopathological features, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of monomorphic epitheliotropic intestinal T-cell lymphoma (MEITL).@*Methods@#A total of 12 specimens were collected, which were surgically resected and verified as MEITL by postoperative pathology, immumohistochemical staining and gene rearrangement at the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from 2012 to 2018, and all of these had complete clinical and pathological data. The MEITL cases were reviewed to compare the clinicopathological characteristics, including morphologic and immunophenotypic features and followed up by telephone and clinic visit.@*Results@#All the cases were diagnosed with MEITL. There were 8 males and 4 females. Male to female ratio was 2∶1, at a median age of 54 years. The sites of involvement included jejunum (4 cases), ileum (5 cases), duodenum (1 case), ileocecal junction (1 case) and rectum (1 case). The neoplastic cells were monotonous of small to intermediate cells in size with round to slightly irregular nuclei in 11 cases. The immunophenotyping showed that CD3 (12/12), CD8 (11/12), CD43 (11/12), CD56 (11/12), TIA-1 (12/12) were positive; CD5 (12/12), Gran B (9/12), and perforin (7/12) were negative. Two cases aberrantly expressed the B-cell marker CD20. A high proliferation index was demonstrated by Ki-67 immunostaining. In situ hybridization for EBER was all negative(12/12). The whole exome sequencing(WES) mutational landscape of MEITL was remarkably homogeneous, showing significantly enriched clusters among histone modifier genes, JAK-STAT and MAPK-signal pathways. Histonelysine N-methytransferase SETD2 gene was mutated in 2/4 tumors. All the patients analyzed harbored at least one mutation in the JAK-STAT signal pathway, including STAT5B (2/4), JAK3 (3/4) and STAT5A (2/4). Furthermore, frequent alterations (TP53) were observed in the MAPK pathway in 3/4 of MEITL cases. The CNV analysis derived from WES data identified multiple regions of frequent gains and losses. In particular, gains in 1q, 7q and 9q, and recurrent losses involving 7p and 8p were observed.@*Conclusions@#MEITL is a rare and aggressive type of extranodal T-cell lymphoma. The differential diagnosis of MEITL includes EATL, extranodal NT/T-cell lymphoma and other types of PTCL. Diagnosis should be correlated to clinical symptoms while the final diagnosis is mainly based on the pathological features, immunophenotypes and genetic testing.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787753

ABSTRACT

To analyze the etiology and epidemiological characteristics of gastroenteritis virus in foodborne diseases from three cities in Shandong. From January to December 2017, six sentinel hospitals in Jinan, Yantai and Linyi city of Shandong Province were selected as the research sites. Stool samples of 1 397 diarrhea patients were collected, as well as basic information and clinical symptoms. Duplex quantitative RT-PCR was used to detect Norovirus genogroupⅠ (Nov GⅠ) and genogroupⅡ (Nov GⅡ), Sapovirus (SAV) and Human astrovirus (HAstV), respectively, quantitative RT-PCR was used to detect group A Rotavirus (RVA), and quantitative PCR was used to detect Enteric adenovirus (EAdV). The specific gene of the virus were sequenced and typed. It was compared that the gastroenteritis virus rate in cases with different characteristics and the clinical symptoms difference between the virus positive and negative cases. The median age ((25), (75)) was 23 (1, 42) , mainly male, 57.48% with 803 cased and children under 5 years old, 36.36% with 508 cases. The positive rate of gastroenteritis virus was 33.93% (474 cases), and that of Jinan, Linyi and Yantai City were 32.03% (147/459), 41.54% (189/455) and 28.57% (138/483), respectively (0.001). Nov GⅡ had the highest positive rate, 16.54% (231 cases), which, mainly GⅡ.P16/GⅡ.2 (48.28%, 56/116), peaked in May (24.75%, 50/202) and June (19.59%, 38/194). In patients of gastroenteritis virus positive, 44.51% (211/474) had vomiting symptoms, higher than that of patients of gastroenteritis virus negative (34.13%, 315/923). The difference was statistically significant (0.001). In Shandong Province, the majority of gastroenteritis patients were male and children under 5 years old. Nov GⅡ possessed highest epidemic intensity, and peaked in spring and summer. Viral gastroenteritis had atypical clinical symptoms.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878784

ABSTRACT

LBD(lateral organ boundaries)transcription factors play an important role in the regulation of plant growth, development and secondary metabolism. In order to explore the function of LBD genes in cannabis, the Cannabis sativa genome and transcriptome were used to identify the C. sativa LBD gene family, and analyzed their expression patterns. Our results showed that the cannabis LBD contains 32 members, which were divided into two major categories, seven sub-families. Class Ⅰ was divided into 5 sub-families, named Class Ⅰ_a to Class Ⅰ_e, while Class Ⅱ was divided into 2 sub-families, including Class Ⅱ_a and Class Ⅱ_b. Analysis showed that the number of amino acids encoded LBDs was between 172 and 356, and the isoelectric point was between 4.92 and 9.43. The mole-cular weight of LBD was between 18 862.92 Da and 40 081.33 Da, and most members are located in the nucleus. Chromosome positioning of LBD showed that 32 members were unevenly distributed on 10 chromosomes of C. sativa LBD transcription factor domain, gene structure and motifs are relatively conservative, and the characteristics of different class members are similar. The upstream promoter region of the gene contains a variety of cis-acting elements related to plant hormones and environmental factors, C. sativa LBD genes have different expression patterns in the stems, leaves, and flowers of ZYS varieties(low tetrahydrocannabinol, high cannabidiol). The members of the LBD gene family are mainly expressed in the flowers and stems of ZYS varieties, while members expressed in the leaves very few; Class Ⅱ members CsLBD21 and CsLBD23 are expressed in flowers and stems, and CsLBD8 and CsLBD18 are expressed in flowers, stems and leaves. These genes may participate in the growth and development of cannabis and affect the biosynthesis of cannabinoids. This study laid the foundation for the subsequently functional research of the cannabis LBD gene family.


Subject(s)
Cannabis/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Phylogeny , Plant Proteins/metabolism , Seeds/metabolism
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871030

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of early skin-to-skin contact (SSC) after cesarean section on maternal psychological status and the rate of exclusive breastfeeding.Methods This was a prospective randomized controlled study enrolling 221 singleton pregnant women who underwent elected caesarean section at term in Shenzhen Nanshan Maternity and Child Healthcare Hospital from August 1 to December 31,2017.They were randomly divided into SSC group and control group.In the SSC group,naked infants were placed on the mothers' chests within 1 h after delivery for 1-2 h,while those in the control group received standard care.Clinical outcomes were compared between two groups,including the rate of exclusive breastfeeding and score of Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale (BSES) and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) at 72 h and 42 d after delivery,scores of Breastfeeding Assessment Tool (BAT) for the first breastfeeding,time to lactogenesis and successful rate of first breastfeeding.Two-independent sample t test,Chi-square test and binary logistic regression analysis were used as statistical methods.Results Eventually,210 puerperae were analyzed with 105 in each group.Twenty in the SSC group and 17 in the control group were lost to follow-up 42 d after delivery.The successful rate of first breastfeeding [77.1% (81/105) vs 59.1% (62/105),x2=7.913,P=0.005],BAT scores (9.5± 1.7 vs 8.6± 1.4,t=4.115,P<0.001),the rate of lactation initiation ≤ 24 h after birth [41.0% (43/105) vs 12.4% (13/105),x2=23.205,P<0.001],and exclusive breastfeeding rates [36.2% (38/105) vs 22.9% (24/105),x2=4.486,P=0.034;76.5% (65/85) vs 60.2% (63/88),x2=5.261,P =0.022] and BESE scores (117.5± 12.0 vs 111.8±22.3,t=2.100,P=0.037;124.3± 11.6 vs 113.1 ± 19.0,t=4.710,P<0.001) at 72 h and 42 d after delivery were all higher in the SSC group than those in the control group.However,no statistically significant difference in EPDS scores was observed between the two groups at either 72 h or 42 d after delivery (5.4±3.5 vs 5.9±4.0,t=0.937,P=0.350;7.0±3.7 vs 8.1 ±4.0,t=0.905,P=0.058).Binary logistic regression analysis showed early SSC was a protective factor for successful exclusive breastfeeding 42 d after delivery (OR=2.359,95%CI:1.173-4.743,P=0.016).Conclusions Early SSC after caesarean should be recommended as a usual clinical practice because it can improve maternal confidence on breastfeeding,shorten the time to lactogenesis and increase the successful rate of first breastfeeding and exclusive breastfeeding rate during puerperium.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870608

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of miR-223-3p regulating FOXO3a-mediated autophagy in hepatic injury-reperfusion injury (LIRI).Methods:The model of hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury (IR) was established in C57BL6 mice. According to different reperfusion timepoints, mice were randomly divided into 2 h, 6 h, 12 h and 24 h group. For sham group, there was no intraoperative clamping of hepatic pedicle. Murine hepatic AML12 cells were treated with miR-223-3p mimics, miR-223-3p inhibitor and FOXO3a interfering RNA. A hypoxic 1 h reoxygenation 6 h model was established. And miRNA-NC, miR-223-3p mimics, miR-223-3p inhibitor and siRNA-NC and FOXO3a siRNA groups were assigned. Hepatic injury and apoptosis were detected by hematoxylin eosin or TdT-mediated nick end labeling (HE/TUNEL) at different timepoints. The changes of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and Caspase-3 in hepatocytes were detected by immunohistochemistry. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot were employed for detecting the expressions of miR-223-3p, FOXO3a, LC3, p62 and Caspase-3 in hepatocytes.Results:The results of HE/TUNEL indicated that reperfusion injury and apoptosis of hepatic tissue were most severe in 12 h group. In hepatic ischemia-reperfusion model, RT-PCR results showed that the expressions of miR-223-3p and FOXO3a were higher in IR group than those in sham group (1.00±0), the expression level of miR-223-3p mRNA peaked at 12 h (9.13±2.12) after reperfusion and FOXO3a was the highest at 6 h (5.23±0.90, P<0.05). Western blot showed that the expression of FOXO3a peaked at 6 h post-reperfusion and the expressions of LC3 and caspase-3 were the highest at 12 h. ( P<0.05). In the model of cell hypoxia and reoxygenation, RT-PCR indicated that the expression of FOXO3a mRNA decreased in miR-223-3p mimics group (0.45±0.21) as compared with miRNA-NC group (1.00±0). In contrast, miR-223-3p inhibitor group increased (2.73±0.53, P<0.05). Western blot indicated that FOXO3a protein expression was highest in miR-223-3p inhibitor and miR-223-3p mimics groups whereas LC3 and Caspase-3 were the highest in miR-223-3p mimics group ( P<0.05). The expression of FOXO3a was higher in siRNA-NC group than that in FOXO3a siRNA group while the expressions of Caspase-3 and LC3 were the higher in FOXO3a siRNA group. Conclusions:FOXO3a has protective effect on hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury. It may be related to its inhibition of autophagy and apoptosis and miR-223-3p promotes injury through a down-regulation of FOXO3a-mediated autophagy. It suggests that miR-223-3p and FOXO3a are negatively correlated and may be potential gene therapeutic targets for hepatic injury.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870587

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the patient profiles and therapeutic efficacies of ABO-incompatible living-related kidney transplantations at 19 domestic transplant centers and provide rationales for clinical application of ABOi-KT.Methods:Clinical cases of ABO-incompatible/compatible kidney transplantation (ABOi-KT/ABOc-KT) from December 2006 to December 2009 were collected. Then, statistical analyses were conducted from the aspects of tissue matching, perioperative managements, complications and survival rates of renal allograft or recipients.Results:Clinical data of 342 ABOi-KT and 779 ABOc-KT indicated that (1) no inter-group differences existed in age, body mass index (BMI), donor-recipient relationship or waiting time of pre-operative dialysis; (2) ABO blood type: blood type O recipients had the longest waiting list and transplantations from blood type A to blood type O accounted for the largest proportion; (3) HLA matching: no statistical significance existed in mismatch rate or positive rate of PRA I/II between two types of surgery; (4) CD20 should be properly used on the basis of different phrases; (5) hemorrhage was a common complication during an early postoperative period and microthrombosis appeared later; (6) no difference existed in postoperative incidence of complications or survival rate of renal allograft and recipients at 1/3/5/10 years between ABOi-KT and ABOc-KT. The acute rejection rate and serum creatinine levels of ABOi-KT recipients were comparable to those of ABOc-KT recipients within 1 year.Conclusions:ABOi-KT is both safe and effective so that it may be applied at all transplant centers as needed.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870479

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility and safety of right-sided abdominal evisceration in retroperitoneal liposarcoma.Methods:The clinical data of 16 cases of retroperitoneal liposarcoma performed with right-sided abdominal evisceration at Sarcoma Center of Peking University Cancer Hospital from Sep 2015 to Feb 2019 were analyzed retrospectively.Results:Complete resection were successfully performed in all 16 cases.The median tumor size was 29cm(13-43 cm), the median operative time was 660 min(429-940 min), the median estimated blood loss was 2 000 ml(300-6 000 ml). The major postoperative complications rate (Clavien-Dindo classification Ⅲ-Ⅴ) was 38%. Median overall survival is 41.0 months while the median disease-free survival is 32.6 months.Conclusions:Right-sided abdominal evisceration is a favorable procedure to attain complete resection with acceptable complication rate.

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