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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1764-1768, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987906

ABSTRACT

AIM: To quantitatively evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of the asymmetric recession of bilateral lateral rectus in patients with unilateral type III Duane retraction syndrome.METHOD:Retrospective analysis of clinical data. The clinical data of 12 cases of type III Duane retraction syndrome with unilateral lateral rectus recession were analyzed. All subjects had restricted internal rotation, with narrowing of the palpebral fissure and vertical deviation, and restricted external rotation with widening of the palpebral fissure. All patients had abnormal head positions. The degree of strabismus was measured while maintaining the head in a neutral position. Asymmetric recession of bilateral lateral rectus was selected based on the degree of strabismus of affected eye or 1~3mm longer, with a smaller recession and Y-splitting in the affected eye and a larger recession in the healthy eye.RESULT:The difference in the degree of strabismus in the healthy eyes before and after surgery was statistically significant(Z=-4.158, P<0.01), as was the difference in the degree of restricted internal rotation(Z=-2.640, P=0.008). The difference in the degree of restricted external rotation was not statistically significant(Z=-1.732, P=0.083). The difference in abnormal head position was statistically significant(Z=-4.181, P<0.01), while the difference in eyeball recession was not statistically significant(Z=-1.414, P=0.157). The difference in vertical deviation was statistically significant(Z=-3.115, P=0.002). A total of 10 patients(83%)had stereoscopic vision before surgery, and 11 patients(92%)had recovered stereoscopic vision after surgery, with a further improvement in stereoacuity in 50% of patients.CONCLUSION:Asymmetric recession of bilateral lateral rectus combined with Y-splitting of the affected lateral rectus can effectively improve the degree of strabismus, abnormal head position, vertical deviation and stereoacuity without aggravating the degree of restriction of external rotation or eyeball recession.

2.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 1118-1123, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013233

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the efficacy, safety, and long-term prognosis of intermediate-dose cytarabine (Ara-c) regimen in the treatment of children with refractory risk organ involvement Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH). Methods: Clinical data of 17 children with multisystem and risk organ involvement LCH who failed the first-line therapy and were treated with intermediate-dose Ara-c (250 mg/m2, twice daily) regimen in the Hematology Center, Beijing Children's Hospital from January 2013 to December 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. In addition to the basic treatment of vindesine and dexamethasone, the patients received two regimens: regimen A: the intermediate-dose Ara-c combined with cladribine and regimen B: the intermediate-dose Ara-c alone. The efficacy, safety and prognosis of the two regimens were analyzed. Results: Among all 17 patients, there were 11 males and 6 females, with the diagnosis age of 2.1 (1.6, 2.7) years. Ten children received regimen A, all of them achieved active disease-better (AD-B) after 8 courses of induction therapy. The disease activity scores (DAS) decreased from 5.5 (3.0, 9.0) to 1.0 (0, 2.3). Seven children received regimen B, and 6 of them achieved AD-B after 8 courses of induction therapy. The DAS decreased from 4.0 (2.0, 4.0) to 1.0 (0, 2.0). The follow-up time was 6.2 (4.9,7.2) and 5.2 (3.7,5.8) years in group A and B. The 5-year overall survival rate was 100.0% in both groups, and the 5-year event free survival rate was (88.9±10.5)% and (85.7±13.2)% in group A and B. Grade 3 or 4 myelosuppression was observed in 8 patients in group A and 2 patients in group B. Conclusions: The intermediate-dose Ara-c regimen (with or without cladribine) is effective and safe for patients with refractory high-risk LCH, with a good long-term prognosis.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Child , Humans , Cytarabine/adverse effects , Cladribine/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/drug therapy , Prognosis
3.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 373-381, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009368

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the potential biomarkers for the diagnosis of primary brain stem injury (PBSI) by using metabonomics method to observe the changes of metabolites in rats with PBSI caused death.@*METHODS@#PBSI, non-brain stem brain injury and decapitation rat models were established, and metabolic maps of brain stem were obtained by LC-MS metabonomics method and annotated to the HMDB database. Partial least square-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) and random forest methods were used to screen potential biomarkers associated with PBSI diagnosis.@*RESULTS@#Eighty-six potential metabolic markers associated with PBSI were screened by PLS-DA. They were modeled and predicted by random forest algorithm with an accuracy rate of 83.3%. The 818 metabolic markers annotated to HMDB database were used for random forest modeling and prediction, and the accuracy rate was 88.9%. According to the importance in the identification of cause of death, the most important metabolic markers that were significantly up-regulated in PBSI group were HMDB0038126 (genipinic acid, GA), HMDB0013272 (N-lauroylglycine), HMDB0005199 [(R)-salsolinol] and HMDB0013645 (N,N-dimethylsphingosine).@*CONCLUSIONS@#GA, N-lauroylglycine, (R)-salsolinol and N,N-dimethylsphingosine are expected to be important metabolite indicators in the diagnosis of PBSI caused death, thus providing clues for forensic medicine practice.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Metabolomics/methods , Brain Injuries , Biomarkers/metabolism , Brain Stem/metabolism
4.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 147-154, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981917

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Child head injury under impact scenarios (e.g. falls, vehicle crashes, etc.) is an important topic in the field of injury biomechanics. The head of piglet was commonly used as the surrogate to investigate the biomechanical response and mechanisms of pediatric head injuries because of the similar cellular structures and material properties. However, up to date, piglet head models with accurate geometry and material properties, which have been validated by impact experiments, are seldom. We aim to develop such a model for future research.@*METHODS@#In this study, first, the detailed anatomical structures of the piglet head, including the skull, suture, brain, pia mater, dura mater, cerebrospinal fluid, scalp and soft tissue, were constructed based on CT scans. Then, a structured butterfly method was adopted to mesh the complex geometries of the piglet head to generate high-quality elements and each component was assigned corresponding constitutive material models. Finally, the guided drop tower tests were conducted and the force-time histories were ectracted to validate the piglet head finite element model.@*RESULTS@#Simulations were conducted on the developed finite element model under impact conditions and the simulation results were compared with the experimental data from the guided drop tower tests and the published literature. The average peak force and duration of the guide drop tower test were similar to that of the simulation, with an error below 10%. The inaccuracy was below 20%. The average peak force and duration reported in the literature were comparable to those of the simulation, with the exception of the duration for an impact energy of 11 J. The results showed that the model was capable to capture the response of the pig head.@*CONCLUSION@#This study can provide an effective tool for investigating child head injury mechanisms and protection strategies under impact loading conditions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Swine , Finite Element Analysis , Skull/injuries , Craniocerebral Trauma/diagnostic imaging , Brain , Biomechanical Phenomena , Scalp
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874352

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We sought to investigate the effectiveness and safety of dabrafenib in children with BRAFV600E-mutated Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH). @*Materials and Methods@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 20 children with BRAFV600E-mutated LCH who were treated with dabrafenib. @*Results@#The median age at which the patients started taking dabrafenib was 2.3 years old (range, 0.6 to 6.5 years). The ratio of boys to girls was 2.3:1. The median follow-up time was 30.8 months (range, 18.9 to 43.6 months). There were 14 patients (70%) in the risk organ (RO)+ group and six patients (30%) in the RO– group. All patients were initially treated with traditional chemotherapy and then shifted to targeted therapy due to poor control of LCH or intolerance to chemotherapy. The overall objective response rate and the overall disease control rate were 65% and 75%, respectively. During treatment, circulating levels of cell-free BRAFV600E (cfBRAFV600E) became negative in 60% of the patients within a median period of 3.0 months (range, 1.0 to 9.0 months). Grade 2 or 3 adverse effects occurred in five patients. @*Conclusion@#Some children with BRAFV600E-mutated LCH may benefit from monotherapy with dabrafenib, especially high-risk patients with concomitant hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis and intolerance to chemotherapy. The safety of dabrafenib is notable. A prospective study with a larger sample size is required to determine the optimal dosage and treatment duration.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1943-1951, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827891

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) have the ability to differentiate into all subsets of blood cells and self-renew. Large tumor suppressor 1 (LATS1) and large tumor suppressor 2 (LATS2) kinases are essential for cell cycle regulation, organism fitness, genome integrity, and cancer prevention. Here, we investigated whether Lats1 and Lats2 are critical for the maintenance of the self-renewal and quiescence capacities of HSCs in mice.@*METHODS@#Quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was used to determine the expression levels of Lats1 and Lats2 in subsets of progenitor cells and mature bone marrow cells. A clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats system was used to generate Lats1 or Lats2 knockout mice. Complete blood cell counts were used to compare the absolute number of white blood cells, lymphocytes, monocytes, neutrophils, and platelets between Lats1 or Lats2 heterozygotes and littermates. Flow cytometry was used to assess the size of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) and HSC pools in Lats1 or Lats2 heterozygotes and littermates. The comparison between the two groups was analyzed using Student's t test.@*RESULTS@#Lats1 and Lats2 were widely expressed in hematopoietic cells with higher expression levels in primitive hematopoietic cells than in mature cells. Lats1 or Lats2 knockout mice were generated, with the homozygotes showing embryonic lethality. The size of the HPC and HSC pools in Lats1 (HPC: wild-type [WT] vs. heterozygote, 220,426.77 ± 54,384.796 vs. 221,149.4 ± 42,688.29, P = 0.988; HSC: WT vs. heterozygote, 2498.932 ± 347.856 vs. 3249.763 ± 370.412, P = 0.105) or Lats2 (HPC: WT vs. heterozygote, 425,540.52 ± 99,721.86 vs. 467,127.8 ± 89,574.48, P = 0.527; HSC: WT vs. heterozygote, 4760.545 ± 1518.01 vs. 5327.437 ± 873.297, P = 0.502) heterozygotes were not impaired. Moreover, the depletion of Lats1 or Lats2 did not affect the overall survival of the heterozygotes (Lats1: P = 0.654; Lats2: P = 0.152).@*CONCLUSION@#These results indicate that a single allele of Lats1 or Lats2 may be sufficient for normal hematopoiesis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802095

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect and mechanism of cinnamaldehyde on the angiogenesis of diabetic retinopathy, and the effect of cinnamaldehyde on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) induced proliferation, migration, tube formation and Janus kinase 2/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (JAK2/STAT3) pathway of EA.hy 926 cells were observed. Method:EA.hy 926 cells were divided into normal control group, model group (7 μg·L-1 VEGF), and VEGF+cinnamaldehyde group (60, 90, 120, 150 μmol·L-1). The methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay and scratch test were used to observe the effect of cinnamaldehyde on the proliferation and migration of EA. hy 926 cells induced by VEGF. EA. hy 926 cells were divided into normal control group, model group (7 μg·L-1 VEGF), and VEGF+cinnamaldehyde group (90, 150 μmol·L-1). The tube formation experiment was used to observe the effect of cinnamaldehyde on the tube formation of EA. hy 926 cells induced by VEGF. EA. hy 926 cells were divided into normal control group, model group (7 μg·L-1 VEGF), VEGF+AG490 group (50 μmol·L-1), VEGF+cinnamaldehyde group (90 μmol·L-1), VEGF+cinnamaldehyde group (150 μmol·L-1), and VEGF+cinnamaldehyde group (150 μmol·L-1)+AG490 group (50 μmol·L-1). Western Blot method was used to explore the effect of cinnamaldehyde on the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway in EA.hy 926 cells induced by VEGF. Result:Compared with the control group, model group obviously promoted the proliferation and migration of EA.hy 926 cells(P-1) significantly suppressed VEGF-induced proliferation and migration of EA.hy 926 cells (P-1) showed an obvious inhibitory effect on the number of nodes, junctions and meshes of tubules (PPPP-1) significantly reduced the expressions of P-JAK2, P-STAT3, STAT3 proteins (P-1) obviously reduced the expressions of p-STAT3 and STAT3 proteins (PPConclusion:Cinnamaldehyde showed a significantly inhibitory effect on the proliferation, migration and tube formation of VEGF-induced EA.hy 926 cells, which was related to the inhibition of the activation of JAK2/STAT3 pathway.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785830

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The exosomes released by mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) in classical FBS-containing media have been demonstrated as an alternative, cell-free therapy in various diseases including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It has been found that the function of exosomes is affected by culture condition. We previously developed a serum-free, xeno-free and chemically defined medium, and umbilical cord-derived MSCs in this medium retained the immunosuppressive capability.METHODS: In this study, we evaluated the immunosuppressive function of exosomes from MSCs (MSC-Exo) in defined medium and their therapeutic effect on treating colitis.RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: In vitro studies indicated that MSC-Exo reduced the concentration of pro-inflammatory cytokines IFN-γ, TNF-α and IL-1β, and increased the secretion of anti-inflammatory cytokines TGF-β1 and IL-10, but no significant change of inhibitory effect on peripheral blood mononuclear cells proliferation was shown. In vivo experimental colitis showed that administration of MSC-Exo was able to significantly ameliorate the disease activity index score, weight loss, colon shortening, and the histological colitis score through up-regulation anti-inflammatory responses and down-regulation of inflammatory responses. Moreover, the use of MSC-Exo (200 μg) led to an improved therapeutic efficacy when compared with MSCs at a dose of 1×10⁶ cells. Our findings indicate that the exosomes from MSCs in defined medium possess a certain degree of immunosuppressive effect in vitro and exhibit a therapeutic capability in a mouse model of DSS-induced colitis through suppressing inflammation mechanism.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Colitis , Colon , Cytokines , Down-Regulation , Exosomes , In Vitro Techniques , Inflammation , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Interleukin-10 , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Up-Regulation , Weight Loss
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1786-1792, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775143

ABSTRACT

Background@#Central nervous system (CNS) involvement is found in many patients with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). In this study, we mainly analyzed neurological symptoms, imaging findings, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and their relationship with outcomes of HLH children.@*Methods@#Related data of 179 Chinese pediatric patients with HLH admitted to our center from January 2010 to December 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. Diagnosis and treatment were based on the HLH-2004 protocol. Two-tailed Chi-squared test was used to compare between different groups, and Kaplan-Meier survival curves were used to analyze the overall survival (OS) of patients with HLH.@*Results@#In the present study, 21.2% (38/179) of total patients had neurological symptoms including seizure, irritability, somnolence, and unconsciousness. There were 80 (50.0%, excluding 19 patients without imaging data) patients with cranial imaging abnormalities. There were 14.7% (17/116, excluding 63 patients who did not accept lumbar puncture) of patients with abnormal CSF results. CNS involvement is defined as abnormalities in one or more of CNS symptoms, radiological findings, and CSF. Thus, 60.3% of them had CNS involvement. As for the prognosis, the median follow-up time was 3.2 years (17 lost to follow-up). The probable 3-year OS of children was higher without CNS involvement (86.0% ± 4.6%) than those with CNS involvement (68.9% ± 4.9%, hazard ratio [HR] = 2.286, P = 0.019). Among them, the probable 3-year OS of children without CNS symptoms was 76.0% ± 3.8%, higher than with CNS symptoms (59.5% ± 8.1%, HR = 2.147, P = 0.047). The 3-year OS of children with abnormal CSF was 64.7% ± 11.6%, compared with normal CSF (85.1% ± 3.7%, HR = 0.255, P = 0.038).@*Conclusions@#HLH patients with CNS involvement might have worse outcomes compared with those without CNS involvement, and CNS symptoms and CSF changes are more important to access the prognosis than imaging abnormality.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Central Nervous System Diseases , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Seizures
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1793-1798, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775142

ABSTRACT

Background@#Pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis (PLCH) is an interstitial primary pulmonary disease, characterized by Langerhans cell proliferation. It is easily misdiagnosed in children. This study aimed to characterize the clinical manifestations and features of PLCH by retrospective analysis.@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis was performed in 117 PLCH patients out of 338 LCH patients who were admitted in our center from November 2006 to October 2013. Variables between two groups were compared by Mann-Whitney U-test and Chi-square test. Kaplan-Meier curves were constructed to compare the survival rates and Cox regression to evaluate the effect of risk factors.@*Results@#The median age of PLCH group was significantly lower than that of non-PLCH group (18.63 months vs. 43.4 months, P < 0.001). All PLCH children had other organ involvement and only 11 cases (9.4%) had respiratory symptoms. The most common radiologic finding was cystic lesions (29 cases, 24.8%). Pulmonary function abnormalities were dominated by obstructive ventilatory dysfunction (63 cases, 82.9%). The 5-year overall survival (OS) of PLCH children was 93.6% ± 2.3% and the event-free survival (EFS) was 55.7% ± 5.2%. Among the 38 cases with progressed or relapsed disease, five cases (13.2%) were due to progression or recurrence of lung damage. The 5-year OS of PLCH children with "risk organ" involvement was significantly lower than those without "risk organ" involvement (86.0% ± 4.9% vs. 100%, χ = 8.793, P = 0.003). The difference of EFS between two groups was also significant (43.7% ± 7.7% vs. 66.3% ± 6.5%, χ = 5.399, P = 0.020). The "risk organ" involvement had a significant impact on survival (hazard ratio = 1.9, P = 0.039).@*Conclusions@#PLCH mainly occurs in young children, and only a small percentage of patients have respiratory symptoms. They generally have other organ involvement. Most of PLCH children have a good prognosis and most lung lesions could have improved or stabilized. Management of "risk organ" involvement is the key point to improving EFS.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell , Diagnosis , Langerhans Cells , Lung , Lung Diseases , Retrospective Studies
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702432

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To compare the effect of impulse electroacupuncture (impulse-EA) and music electroacupuncture (music-EA) for Tongdu Qishen on spatial learning and memory, and expression of cytokine in the hippocampus of APP/PS1 mice. Methods A total of 32 APP/PS1 double transgenic male mice were randomly divided into model group (n=8), drug group (n=8), impulse-EA group (n=8) and music-EA group (n=8), the same background and age male C57BL/6 mice were observed as normal group (n=8). The impulse-EA group and music-EA group accepted EA at Baihui (GV20) and Yintang (GV29), connected with their own electroacupuncture stimulators, for 20 minuts, then, they were pricked Renzhong (GV26) for a while. The drug group accepted donepezil hydrochloride 0.92 mg/kg intra-gastrically. The normal group, model group and drug group were grabbed and bounded in the same way. After 15 days of treatment, they were assessed with Morris water maze. The expression of high mobility group box pro-tein-1 (HMGB1) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) in hippocampus were measured with immunohistochemistry and Western blotting. Results The escape latency shortened inEA groups compared with that of the model group since the fourth day of Morris water maze training (P<0.05), and it was the least in the music-EA group; and the ratio of swimming across the target quadrant increased (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between EA groups (P>0.05). The ex-pression of HMGB1 decreased (P<0.05) and the expression of IL-10 increased (P<0.05) in EA groups com-pared with that of the model group, and HMGB1 decreased more and IL-10 increased more in the music-EA group than in the impulse-EA group (P<0.05), according to the measurement in immunohistochemistry, not in Western blotting. Conclusion Both impulse-EA and music-EA based on Tongdu Qishen can promote the recovery of the learning and memory in APP/PS1 mice, and music-EA may do more effectively in inhibition of pro-inflammatory factors and promotion of the anti-inflammatory factors.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311592

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To detect the expression of microRNA-210(miR-210) in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia(ALL), and to evaluate the role of the joint detection of miR-210 and MRD in the prognosis and clinical treatment of pediatric ALL.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eighty-eight children diagnosed with ALL were included in the study. miR-210 was quantitatively detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction(RQ-PCR) in 88 ALL patients. The average Ct value of samples obtained from 5 pediatric ALL patients with long-term complete continuous remission (CCR>5 years) was used as a calibrator. The expression levels of miR-210 in newly diagnosed patients was calculated by the 2method and presented as multiple changes compared with that of the 5 CCR patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression of miR-210 in the favorable prognosis group was significantly higher than that in the unfavorable prognosis group (10.64±1.5 vs 3.27±0.68)(P<0.05). Compared with the miR-210 high-expression group, poorer relapse-free survival(RFS), event-free survival(EFS) and overall survival(OS) (P all <0.001) were found in the low-expression group. Based on the expression of miR-210 and MRD, the 88 cases were divided into 3 groups. The relapse rate of miR-210-MRD high-risk group (70%) was significantly higher than that of the miR-210-MRD middle-risk group(6.25%) and miR-210-MRD low-risk group (2.1%). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis demonstrated that the miR-210-MRD high-risk group had poorer RFS, EFS and OS than those in other 2 groups (P all <0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The expression level of miR-210 is an independent prognostic factor for pediatric ALL, and the miR-210 is a good useful indicator for predicting the relapse and induction failure of childhood ALL. Joint detection of miR-210 and MRD can help predict outcomes more precisely, thus may be used as an effective mean of determining prognosis, monitoring recurrence, and guiding treatment.</p>

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259650

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the methylation level in the promoter of caspase 8 associated protein 2 (CASP8AP2) gene between samples at diagnosis and in complete remission, and to investigate its relationship with clinical features and prognosis in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Diagnostic DNA samples from 109 newly diagnosed children with ALL admitted from August 2007 to March 2010, and 94 ALL children in CR (complete remission) among them were collected. Bisulfite modification and MethyLight method established by our research team were used to determine the methylation level of the two key CpG sites (at -1189 and -1176) of the promoter of CASP8AP2 gene.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The average methylation level of the two CpG sites in newly diagnosted samples was higher than that in CR samples (71.1% ± 1.7% vs 64.2% ± 21.2%) (P = 0.008). Analysis with receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve showed that the area under curve was 0.687 (P = 0.024), indicating that the methylation level of the two CpG sites was able to predict relapse efficiently to some extent, 76.9% was chosed as a cutoff value to divide the patients into high methylation group (49 patients) and low methylation group (60 patients). The incidence of relapse in high methylation group was higher than that in low methylation group (20.4% vs 6.7%) (P = 0.044), five year relapse free survival in high methylation group was also lower than that in low methylation group (Log rank, P = 0.033). Furthermore, high methylation at new diagnosis were correlated with high level of minimal residual disease (MRD) before consolidation therapy (P = 0.011). In the 34 children with MRD ≥ 10(-4) at the end of induction remission, the relapse rate of high methylation patients was significantly higher than that of low methylation patients (8/16 vs 3/18)(P = 0.038).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The abnormal hypermethylation of the two CpG sites (at -1189 and -1176) of the promoter of the CASP8AP2 gene is possibly associated with leukemogenesis in childhood ALL. The treatment outcome is more poor in patients with hypermethylation than that in patients with low methylation. The combination of the methylation level of the two CpG sites and MRD level at the end induction remission is able to predict relapse more effectively.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Calcium-Binding Proteins , DNA Methylation , Neoplasm, Residual , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Prognosis , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Recurrence , Remission Induction
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357316

ABSTRACT

We systematically reviewed the results of the studies on expression regulation, biological functions, and clinical prognostic significance of CASP8AP2 gene. At present, the studies showed that the expression of CASP8AP2 gene was regulated by Homeobox proteins and DNA methylation, and could be silenced by miRNA-210. This protein was involved in apoptosis mediated by FAS and TNFα, NF-κB activation mediated by TNFα, regulation of gene expression induced by glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid receptor, comprising Cajal body and histone locus body, transcription of replication-dependent histone, 3' end processing of histone, regulation of S phase progression, in addition to functioning as coactivator of transcription factors c-Myb and p73 to activating many genes' expression. On the other hand, low expression of CASP8AP2 gene was associated with relapse in childhood ALL. The deletion of this gene was related to the poor prognosis of children with T-ALL and T lymphoblastic lymphoma. Furthermore, 3 SNPs in this gene were possibly correlated with genesis of diffuse large B cell lymphoma and childhood leukemia. In conclusions, CASP8AP2 was a multifunctional protein. It could function to regulate cell proliferation, apoptosis, and gene expression. In childhood hematological malignancies, CASP8AP2 was a promising molecular marker with prognostic significance. Some SNPs were possibly correlated with leukemo- and lymphomogenesis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Calcium-Binding Proteins , DNA Methylation , Gene Expression , Gene Expression Regulation , Histones , NF-kappa B , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Prognosis , Recurrence
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 472-476, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357977

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Infections remain a major cause of therapy-associated morbidity and mortality in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We retrospectively analyzed the medical charts of 256 children treated for ALL under the CCLG-2008 protocol in Beijing Children's Hospital.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 65 infectious complications in 50 patients during vincristine, daunorubicin, L-asparaginase and dexamethasone induction therapy, including microbiologically documented infections (n = 12; 18.5%), clinically documented infections (n = 23; 35.3%) and fever of unknown origin (n = 30; 46.2%). Neutropenia was present in 83.1% of the infectious episodes. In all, most infections occurred around the 15 th day of induction treatment (n = 28), and no patients died of infection-associated complications.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The infections in this study was independent of treatment response, minimal residual diseases at the end of induction therapy, gender, immunophenotype, infection at first visit, risk stratification at diagnosis, unfavorable karyotypes at diagnosis and morphologic type. The infection rate of CCLG-2008 induction therapy is low, and the outcome of patients is favorable.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , China , Daunorubicin , Therapeutic Uses , Dexamethasone , Therapeutic Uses , Neoplasm, Residual , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Drug Therapy , Microbiology , Retrospective Studies , Vincristine , Therapeutic Uses
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318507

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on circadian rhythm of temperature and melatonin (MT) in depression rats model induced by chronic stress, so as to explore the biological mechanism of EA for depression.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-four SD rats were randomly divided into a control group, a model group and an EA group, 8 cases in each one. Rats in the control group were treated with normal diet for 21 days without any treatment. In the model and EA group, rat model was established by chronic unpredictable stress combined with solitarily feeding method, and rats in the EA group was treated with EA at "Baihui" (GV 20), "Yintang" (GV 29) 1 h before stress stimulation everyday, 2 Hz in frequency and intensity was favorable with the head of rat slightly shivering. The needles were retained for 20 min, once a day for totally 21 days. After EA treatment, open-field experiment was adopted to observe the behavioral improvement; the rats temperatures were monitored at six time points (2:00, 6:00, 10:00, 14:00, 18:00, 22:00) and orbital blood sampling was collected. The level of serum MT was tested by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. The circadian rhythm changes of temperature and serum MT in each group were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The numbers of horizontal movement and vertical movement in the model group were obviously lower than those in the control group (both P < 0.05), while those in the EA group were significantly improved compared with those in the model group (both P < 0.01). The circadian rhythm of temperature and MT disappeared in the model group, which was improved into normal level after EA treatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The electroacupuncture has regulation effects on circadian rhythm of temperature and melatonin in depression rat model induced by chronic stress.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Rats , Circadian Rhythm , Depression , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Electroacupuncture , Melatonin , Metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242902

ABSTRACT

This paper summarized the Chinese literatures in the previous 5 years about the pre-clinical animal researches on the application of electro-acupuncture (EA) treatment for depression, searched in China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI). The efficiency of EA treatment for depression and the mechanism of it were discussed, to shed light on new ideas and new fronts for the further research on depression in clinical or pre-clinical fields.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animal Experimentation , Antidepressive Agents, Second-Generation , Therapeutic Uses , Behavior, Animal , Physiology , Combined Modality Therapy , Depression , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Psychology , Therapeutics , Disease Models, Animal , Electroacupuncture , Methods , Fluoxetine , Therapeutic Uses , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Stress, Psychological , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Psychology , Therapeutics
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349719

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to explore the relation between folylpolyglutamate synthetase (FPGS) rs10760502 polymorphism and prognosis and methotrexate (MTX)-related toxicities in pediatric B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL). Sequenom MassARRAY was used to genotype rs10760502. The χ(2) test, Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression models were used to analyze the data. The results indicated that A allele carriers (GA+AA) had poor relapse free survival (RFS, log-rank: P = 0.004) and event free survival (EFS, log-rank: P = 0.022) compared with the GG genotype carriers. Multivariate Cox-regression analysis results showed that A allele is an independent prognosis factor for poor RFS [hazard ratio (HR), 20.173; 95% CI, 2.535-160.545; P = 0.005] and EFS (HR, 8.133; 95% CI, 1.718-38.512; P = 0.008). No relationship was found between any MTX toxicity and rs10760502 polymorphism. It is concluded that FPGS rs10760502G>A polymorphism may affect the treatment outcome of B-ALL patients.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Genotype , Leukemia, B-Cell , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Methotrexate , Peptide Synthases , Genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Genetics , Prognosis
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349718

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to investigate the prognostic value of early response to treatment in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Four indexes were used to assess early response to treatment including response to prednisone on day 8 (D8-PR), percentage of lymphoblast in bone marrow on day 22 (D22-BM) and day 33 (D33-BM), the level of minimal residual disease (MRD) on day 33 (D33-MRD) by morphological and molecular biological method in 426 children with ALL. Prognostic impact of early response to treatment was analyzed, and multivariate analysis of the predictive value was performed by Cox-regression analysis. All patients were followed up until October 31, 2013, with a median follow-up time of 80 months (0.5 to 106 months). The results showed that there were significant differences between event free survivals (EFS) of the sub-groups divided according to the four indexes. The 8 years-EFS in patients with prednisone good response (PGR) was significantly higher than that in patients with prednisone poor response (PPR);patients with M1 in bone marrow on day 22 or day 33 had the better outcomes than that of patients with M2/M3;patients with high level of MRD ( ≥ 10(-4)) had the worse outcomes as compared with patients with low level of MRD (<10(-4)) (P < 0.001). Cox proportional hazard model analysis showed that BCR/ABL fusion gene positive, D8-PR, D33-BM and D33-MRD were the independent prognostic factors for childhood ALL, and the hazard ratio of D33-MRD ≥ 10(-2) was highest (HR:11.886, P < 0.001). It is concluded that early response to treatment is an independent prognostic factor with important prognostic values, and it has important clinical guiding instructive significance for risk stratification in the treatment of children ALL.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Neoplasm, Residual , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Prognosis , Treatment Outcome
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-325178

ABSTRACT

The mechanism of bone marrow relapse in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia has been deeply researched in recent years. The roles of hematopoietic stem cells, some gene abnormalities including IKZF1, JAK, CRLF2 and CREBBP, as well as mutation of genes influencing drug resistance have been confirmed to related with relapse of disease. The microRNAs, gene expression profile of patient, microenvironment of bone marrow including bone marrow fibrosis, mesenchymal stem cells and matrix metalloprotease, also play an important role in the process of leukemia recurrence. This article reviewed the details mentioned above.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Pathology , Recurrence
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