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1.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2019; 32 (1): 185-195
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-203051

ABSTRACT

In the present study, the anti-platelet aggregation activity of 14 vegetables and fruits was tested in vitro. The aqueous, 90% ethanol and ethyl acetate extracts, as well as concentrated juices of 14 foods [fruits and vegetables] were prepared, and the anti-platelet aggregation activity of those extracts was analyzed on a platelet aggregation analyzer in vitro with adenosine 5'-diphosphate [ADP], bovine thrombin [THR] and arachidonic acid [AA] as aggregation inducers, respectively. Aspirin [ASP] was used as the positive control. A number of the tested foods had inhibitory effects in concentration-dependent manner on platelet aggregations induced by various agonists. Especially, some foods such as lemon, leek, garlic, scallion, ginger, tomato and grapefruit showed good anti-platelet aggregation effect similar or higher than that of positive control group i.e. aspirin [ASP]. The results of present study provide scientific reference for reasonable selection of daily dietary with supplementary curative effects or prevention of cardiovascular diseases [CVD]

2.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2018; 31 (2): 447-454
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-193431

ABSTRACT

Ganoderma lucidum [Chizhi in Chinese] is one of the most valuable and widely used medicinal fungi in traditional Chinese medicines [TCMs]. Most of previous studies were focused on the triterpenoids and polysaccharides of G. lucidum, whereas less attention had been paid on the protein, which is another bioactive compound in it. In the present study, protein maps of fourteen G. lucidum samples were comprehensively analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulfate - polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis [SDS-PAGE] and two-dimensional electrophoresis [2-DE]. The results indicated that there were significant differences in protein profiles of G. lucidum samples from different origins. Furthermore, previous reported bioactive proteins from the fruiting bodies of G. lucidum, were mainly distributed in 4 taxa [A, B, C and D] based on their molecular weights on the 2-DE maps. The proteins should be considered as marker for the quality control of G. lucidum, because the proteomic variation may affect on their pharmacological activities

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 198-205, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779579

ABSTRACT

It has been an active approach to screen the active ingredients in traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) according to the affinity property between small molecule compounds and biomaterials such as cells, bacteria and proteins. On the other hand, the biomaterials can be immobilized on a solid support before the screening procedure. The immobilization method not only can maintain the biological activities of biomaterials, but also have other advantages such as high efficiency, simple operation, easy to be continuous and automatic, etc. Carrier materials (solid supports) for the immobilization including silica gel, magnetic materials, hollow fiber, and the surface plasma resonance sensor chips have been used to immobilize biomaterials and successfully applied in the screening of active ingredients from TCMs. In this paper, applications of immobilization techniques in the screening of active components from TCMs were reviewed to provide a scientific reference to the future applications.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284783

ABSTRACT

As one of the important active components of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), plant origin active proteins have many significant pharmacological functions. According to researches on the plant origin active proteins reported in recent years, pharmacological effects include anti-tumor, immune regulation, anti-oxidant, anti-pathogeny microorganism, anti-thrombus, as well as hypolipidemic and hypoglycemic activities of plant origin were reviewed, respectively. On the other hand, the analytical methods including chromatography, spectroscopy, electrophoresis and mass spectrometry for plant origin proteins analysis were also summarized. The main purpose of this paper is providing a reference for future development and application of plant active proteins.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Pharmacology , Antioxidants , Pharmacology , Fibrinolytic Agents , Pharmacology , Humans , Hypoglycemic Agents , Pharmacology , Immunologic Factors , Pharmacology , Plant Proteins , Pharmacology , Research
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327853

ABSTRACT

Thrombotic diseases in different forms become a great threat to human health. Such anti-platelet aggregation drugs as aspirin and clopidogrel are common drugs in clinic. However, along with the appearance of resistance and side effects of western anti-platelet aggregation drugs, anti-platelet aggregation traditional Chinese medicines promoting blood circulation to remove blood stasis have gradually become an important study orientation. Platelet is one of major participant in thrombosis, and plays an important role as a bioactive material in studies on traditional Chinese medicines promoting blood circulation to remove blood stasis, mainly involving two aspects--the evaluation for the anti-platelet aggregation activity of traditional Chinese medicines and the screening of their active components. This paper summarized the applications of platelets in studies on traditional Chinese medicines promoting blood circulation to remove blood stasis, so as to provide basis for further studies.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Circulation , Blood Platelets , Physiology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Thrombosis , Drug Therapy
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2886-2892, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266021

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>A number of studies have shown that oxidative stress and mitochondrial involvement are major triggering factors in the development of neurodegenerative diseases. Cobalt chloride (CoCl(2))-induced cell death in PC12 cells may serve a simple and convenient in vitro model of hypoxia-induced neuronal cytotoxicity. To explore the effect of geniposide on CoCl(2) which induced cytotoxicity and mitochondrial function in rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells, we analyzed the influence of geniposide on the expression of apoptosis-related proteins.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>PC12 cells and RNAi PC12 cells were treated with 0, 12.5, 25, 50, 100 micromol/L geniposide for 12 hours and then exposure to 400 micromol/L CoCl(2) for 12 hours. Cell viability, cell morphology, and expression of Bcl-2, Bax, P53 and caspase-9 were determined using Western blotting.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Pretreatment with geniposide markedly improved the cells viability and morphology, decreased the expression of Bax, P53 and caspase-9, and increased the expression of Bcl-2 in PC12 cells challenged by CoCl(2)2. However, in the RNAi PC12 cells, geniposide had no significant effect on the expression of these proteins.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Geniposide protects PC12 cells from CoCl(2) involved in mitochondrial mediated apoptosis, and GLP-1R might play a critical role in the neuroprotection of geniposide in PC12 cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Cobalt , Toxicity , Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor , Iridoids , Pharmacology , Mitochondria , Physiology , Neuroprotective Agents , Pharmacology , PC12 Cells , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Physiology , Rats , Receptors, Glucagon , Physiology , Signal Transduction , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Physiology
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1020-1024, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294895

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIMS</b>To establish a novel microemulsion electrokinetic chromatography (MEEKC) method for measuring lipid-water partition coefficients ( logP(ow)) of pharmaceuticals without using microemulsion phase marker in order to avoid the error from tracing the migration time of microemulsion phase.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The migration time of microemulsion phase (t(me)) was obtained by non-linearity fitting with logP(ow) values from literature and measured migration time (t(m)) of a series of organic compounds, a calibration curve for estimating logP(ow) of pharmaceuticals was thus obtained. In addition, the accuracy of the values measured by MEEKC was evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The logP(ow) values of 4 pharmaceuticals measured by MEEKC method presented in this paper were close to those determined by shake-flask method, and the average error between values from two methods was 0.15 logarithm units. Furthermore, according to the suggested theory, the measurement accuracy of logP(ow) is correlated with different t(m) in MEEKC.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The proposed method is simple, rapid, reproducible, and reliable with high measurement accuracy, which can be useful to estimate lipid-water partition coefficients of pharmaceuticals.</p>


Subject(s)
Acetaminophen , Chemistry , Acyclovir , Chemistry , Chromatography, Micellar Electrokinetic Capillary , Methods , Doxazosin , Chemistry , Emulsions , Lipids , Chemistry , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Chemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Water , Chemistry
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