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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905292

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the relationship between bone metabolism biochemical markers and clinic features in patients with spinal cord injury. Methods:From July, 2018 to December, 2019, totally 135 patients with spinal cord injury were enrolled. They were assessed with American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale (AIS). β-collagen type I C-terminal telopeptide (β-CTX), total N-terminal propeptide of type I precollagen (TP1NP), 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and parathyroid hormone (PTH), serum calcium and serum phosphorus were measured. The level of TP1NP, β-CTX, 25(OH)D and PTH among clinical characteristics (gender, age, disease course, AIS grade and so on) were analyzed. Results:The levels of β-CTX and 25(OH)D were lower in women than in men (|t| > 2.044, P < 0.01). There was difference in the level of 25(OH)D among different ages (F = 3.156, P < 0.05). The levels of β-CTX and TP1NP increased in the first four months after spinal cord injury, and decreased then; while the level of PTH decreased in the first four months, and increased then (P < 0.001). The level of β-CTX was lower in patients of AIS D than in patients of AIS A and C (t >2.679, P < 0.05). The level of TP1NP was higher in paraplegics than in quadriplegics (Z = -2.035, P < 0.05). The level of β-CTX was higher in patients with fractures or surgeries involving bone than in patients without fractures or surgeries involving bone (t = 2.169, P < 0.05). There was no difference in all the bone metabolism markers between patients with and without lower extremity motor function (t < 0.839, Z < 1.822, P > 0.05). The ratio of 25(OH)D deficience was 85.19%. Conclusion:Bone conversion was active in the first four months after spinal cord injury, and decreased gradually then, which may be related to fractures of spine or surgeries involving spine after injury. The effect of spinal cord injury on bone metabolism markers is not clear. Most of patients with spinal cord injury were lack of vitamin D.

2.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 91-96, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879718

ABSTRACT

Slow freezing is the most commonly used technique for the cryopreservation of spermatozoa in clinical practice. However, it has been shown to have a negative impact on sperm function and structure. Vitrification as a successful alternative method has been proved to have better protective effects on human embryos, but vitrification of spermatozoa is still subject to low recovery rates. In this study, a modified vitrification method for native spermatozoa was developed. A total of 28 semen samples were included; each sample was divided into three equal parts and assigned to fresh, slow freezing, and vitrification groups. Sperm vitality, motility, morphology, DNA integrity, and acrosome reaction were assessed for each of the groups. The results showed that vitrification achieves better results for several sperm protection parameters than slow freezing; vitrification achieves a higher recovery rate (P < 0.05), motility (P <0.05), morphology (P <0.05), and curve line velocity (P <0.05) than slow freezing. Furthermore, DNA fragmentation was decreased (P <0.05) and better acrosome protection (P <0.05) was exhibited in the spermatozoa after vitrification. Principal component analysis of all sperm parameters revealed that the vitrification cluster was closer to the fresh cluster, indicating that spermatozoa are better preserved through vitrification. In conclusion, while both slow freezing and vitrification have negative effects on sperm function and structure, the vitrification protocol described here had a relatively better recovery rate (65.8%) and showed improved preservation of several sperm quality parameters compared with slow freezing.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905594

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship of platelet activation markers and vitamin D to antiplatelet drug resistance in ischemic stroke patients. Methods:From June, 2017 to June, 2018, 190 patients with ischemic stroke were tested their maximum platelet aggregation rate (MPAR) induced by adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and arachidonic acid (AA), activation of platelet CD62P and P-selectin vitamin D seven to ten days after dual antiplatelet treatment (aspirin 100 mg/d + clopidogrel 75 mg/d). According to the MPAR induced by ADP and AA, the patients were divided into resistance group and sensitive group. Results:The prevalence of aspirin resistance was 1.2%, while the prevalence of clopidogrel resistance was 24.7% (47 in the resistance group and 143 in the sensitive group). The activation of platelet CD62P (t = -5.232, P < 0.001) and the prevalence of hypertension (χ2 = 4.878, P < 0.05) were more in the resistance group than in the sensitive group, while the vitamin D concentration was less (t = 3.052, P < 0.01). There was no significant difference in P-selectin between the resistance and sensitive groups (t = -0.684, P = 0.253). Logistic regression analyses showed that hypertension (OR = 5.538, 95% CI: 1.204-25.470, P < 0.05), activation of platelet CD62P (OR = 1.082, 95% CI: 1.041-1.092, P < 0.05) and vitamin D (OR = 0.848, 95% CI: 0.755-0.953, P < 0.01) were the independent related factors for clopidogrel resistance. Conclusion:Inhibition of platelet activation and supplementation of vitamin D may help to overcome the resistance of clopidogrel.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905571

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship of platelet activation markers and vitamin D to antiplatelet drug resistance in ischemic stroke patients. Methods:From June, 2017 to June, 2018, 190 patients with ischemic stroke were tested their maximum platelet aggregation rate (MPAR) induced by adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and arachidonic acid (AA), activation of platelet CD62P and P-selectin vitamin D seven to ten days after dual antiplatelet treatment (aspirin 100 mg/d + clopidogrel 75 mg/d). According to the MPAR induced by ADP and AA, the patients were divided into resistance group and sensitive group. Results:The prevalence of aspirin resistance was 1.2%, while the prevalence of clopidogrel resistance was 24.7% (47 in the resistance group and 143 in the sensitive group). The activation of platelet CD62P (t = -5.232, P < 0.001) and the prevalence of hypertension (χ2 = 4.878, P < 0.05) were more in the resistance group than in the sensitive group, while the vitamin D concentration was less (t = 3.052, P < 0.01). There was no significant difference in P-selectin between the resistance and sensitive groups (t = -0.684, P = 0.253). Logistic regression analyses showed that hypertension (OR = 5.538, 95% CI: 1.204-25.470, P < 0.05), activation of platelet CD62P (OR = 1.082, 95% CI: 1.041-1.092, P < 0.05) and vitamin D (OR = 0.848, 95% CI: 0.755-0.953, P < 0.01) were the independent related factors for clopidogrel resistance. Conclusion:Inhibition of platelet activation and supplementation of vitamin D may help to overcome the resistance of clopidogrel.

5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1247-1251, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342195

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The double kissing (DK) crush technique is a modified version of the crush technique. It is specifically designed to increase the success rate of the final kissing balloon post-dilatation, but its efficacy and safety remain unclear.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Data were obtained from the DKCRUSH-I trial, a prospective, randomized, multi-center study to evaluate safety and efficacy. Post-procedural and eight-month follow-up intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) analysis was available in 61 cases. Volumetric analysis using Simpson's method within the Taxus stent, and cross-sectional analysis at the five sites of the main vessel (MV) and three sites of the side branch (SB) were performed. Impact of the bifurcation angle on stent expansion at the carina was also evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Stent expansion in the SB ostium was significantly less in the classical crush group ((53.81 ± 13.51)%) than in the DK crush group ((72.27 ± 11.46)%) (P = 0.04). For the MV, the incidence of incomplete crush was 41.9% in the DK group and 70.0% in the classical group (P = 0.03). The percentage of neointimal area at the ostium had a tendency to be smaller in the DK group compared with the classical group ((16.4 ± 19.2)% vs. (22.8 ± 27.1)%, P = 0.06). The optimal threshold of post-procedural minimum stent area (MSA) to predict follow-up minimum lumen area (MLA) < 4.0 mm(2) at the SB ostium was 4.55 mm(2), yielding an area under the curve of 0.80 (95% confidence interval: 0.61 to 0.92).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Our data suggest that the DK crush technique is associated with improved quality of the final kissing balloon inflation (FKBI) and had smaller optimal cutoff value of post-procedural MSA at the SB ostium.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Methods , Coronary Disease , Diagnostic Imaging , Therapeutics , Drug-Eluting Stents , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Ultrasonography
6.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 736-739, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261478

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the short-term and long-term outcome after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) between transradial intervention (TRI) and transfemoral intervention (TFI) in elderly patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2005 to December 2010, 488 consecutive elderly patients ( ≥ 80 years old) were enrolled in this retrospective study. Patients were divided into TRI group (n = 235, PCIs were performed trans-radial approach) and TFI group (n = 253, PCIs were performed trans-femoral approach). Efficacy and safety data were compared between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no differences in success rate of stenting, procedure time, contrast amount, rates of contrast-induced nephropathy, major adverse cardiovascular events during hospitalization, at one year follow up and at two years follow up. Lower vascular complications were associated with TRI approach[ 17.9% (42/253) vs. 26.9% (68/253) , P < 0.05], especially in TIMI major bleeding ratio [1.3% (3/235) vs. 4.7% (12/253) , P < 0.05], TIMI minor bleeding [5.1% (12/235) vs. 15.8% (40/253) , P < 0.01], and time lying in bed [3.6 (2.8-4.2)h vs. 24.4 (24.0-25.1)h, P < 0.01] and hospitalization [3.0 (3.0-4.0)d vs. 5.0 (5.0-6.0)d, P < 0.01], and higher rates of crossover approach were associated with TRI [11.5% (27/235) vs. 2.0(5/253) , P < 0.01].</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>TRI is as feasible, safe and effective as TFI in elderly patients during short-term and long-term follow up, and TRI is associated with higher rates of crossover approach.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Coronary Artery Disease , Therapeutics , Female , Femoral Artery , Humans , Male , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Methods , Radial Artery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
7.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 103-107, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292018

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate risk factors and clinical outcome of coronary artery aneurysms (CAA) developed after drug-eluting stent implantation evidenced by coronary angiographic follow-up.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This study analyzed 4500 consecutive patient with de novo coronary artery stenosis receiving drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation from January 2004 to May 2009. Seven hundred and sixty patients with angiographic follow-ups at 6 - 8 months and 28 - 48 months after the index procedure were enrolled. CAA was defined as a localized dilatation exceeding 1.5 times the diameter of the adjacent artery. The independent risk factors and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) including cardiac death, myocardial infarction, target-vessel revascularization (TVR) and in-stent thrombosis were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>CAA was detected in 70 patients with 70 lesions (9.2%, 70/760). Logistic analysis showed that lesion in an infarct-related artery (OR: 5.9, P < 0.01), lesion in the left anterior descending artery (OR: 4.5, P < 0.01), lesion with chronic total occlusion (OR: 3.4, P < 0.05), and lesion length > 33 mm (OR: 2.9, P < 0.05) were independent risk factors for CAA. Follow-up duration was (1131 ± 478) days. MACE was found in 19 patients and all received TVR. There were 11 patients with myocardial infarction and 8 patients with evidence of in-stent thrombosis. Mortality was zero during follow-up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The risk factors for the development of CAA after DES are lesions in an infarct-related artery, in the left anterior descending artery, with chronic total occlusion, and with lesion length > 33 mm. MACE is not uncommon in patients with CAA and long-ferm clinical follow-up is warranted for patients with CAA.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Coronary Aneurysm , Coronary Restenosis , Therapeutics , Drug-Eluting Stents , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Risk Factors
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3240-3245, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316530

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Coronary endothelial shear stress (ESS) triggered the development of atherosclerosis. However, the effect of calcium channel antagonist on the distribution of ESS remained unclear.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty consecutive patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) 48 hours after maximal medication with single left anterior descending artery stenosis < 50% were studied. Nicardipine was intravenously injected at 1 µg/kg after a bolus of 10 mg in order to achieve mean blood pressure (MBP) reduced by 10% or more, or the heart rate increased by 10 - 15 beats/min. Hemodynamic variables and angiogram at baseline and during injection of nicardipine were recorded, respectively. Coronary artery 3-D reconstruction was used for the analysis of ESS.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Distal reference-vessel-diameter and minimal lumen diameter decreased significantly from (2.42 ± 0.41) mm and (1.47 ± 0.49) mm at baseline to (2.22 ± 0.35) mm and (1.35 ± 0.49) mm at maximal drug-dosage (P = 0.018 and 0.020, respectively). Nicardipine did not change blood velocity. Lowest mean shear stress at segments 2-mm distal to plaque increased significantly from (0.034 ± 0.519) Pa at baseline to (0.603 ± 0.728) Pa (P = 0.013) at peak effect of drug.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Nicardipine was associated with the constriction of diseased vessel segment that adapted to the reduction of blood pressure, without dynamic change of blood velocity at each stage of whole cardiac cycle. Increased ESS value at segments distal to plaque reflected the cardioprotection by nicardipine (ChiCTR-TRC-10000964).</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Coronary Syndrome , Aged , Angina, Unstable , Diagnostic Imaging , Drug Therapy , Blood Pressure , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Vessels , Female , Heart Rate , Hemodynamics , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Nicardipine , Therapeutic Uses
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 7-11, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333550

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The gender-based differences in adverse events after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation between Chinese women and men have not been fully studied. The present study aimed to compare the 5-year clinical outcome after DES implantation in Chinese women and men.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Chinese women (n = 298) and men (n = 698) with newly diagnosed de novo coronary lesions were studied after DES implantation. The primary endpoint was the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) over a 5-year follow-up, including myocardial infarction (MI), cardiac death, and target vessel revascularization (TVR). Propensity score matching (PSM) was used to compare the adjusted MACE rates between sexes.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Women differed in body habitus and had increased fasting cholesterol. Fewer women presented with MI, and they had better cardiac function with less complex disease. The unadjusted rate of MI at 3 years (2.1%) and 5 years (5.0%) and MACE (25.2%) at 5 years in men was significantly higher than that of women (0.3%, 1.0% and 17.8%, P = 0.050, P = 0.032, and P = 0.011, respectively). After PSM, the adjusted adverse events between sexes were similar. The stent thrombosis rate rapidly increased after 2 years in men.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>There were significant gender-based differences in baseline characteristics. Chinese men had equivalent outcomes to women after DES after adjustment by PSM. The increased rate of MI in men was attributed to an increased unadjusted rate of MACE.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Methods , Drug-Eluting Stents , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Myocardial Infarction , Therapeutics , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 4249-4253, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-339862

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The correlation between angiographic or intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) variables and fractional flow reserve (FFR) in patients with single left anterior descending artery (LAD) lesion has not been studied. The current study aimed at determining the best cutoff value of angiographic and IVUS parameters for defining FFR < 0.80 in patients with LAD lesion.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Quantitative coronary analysis, IVUS and FFR measurements were undergone in 169 patients with single LAD lesion. The best angiographic and IVUS cutoff value and their predictive value for FFR < 0.80 were compared using area under the receiver-operator characteristic curve (AUC) in overall patients or in subgroups stratified by lesion sites.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>FFR < 0.80 was found in 99 lesions (58.6%). Minimal lumen area (MLA), and plaque burden (PB) were two predictors of FFR < 0.80. Lesion length had less value in predicting FFR < 0.80. The cutoff value of PB and MLA for FFR < 0.80 was 75.4% and 3.03 mm(2). MLA and PB had similar high diagnostic value for proximal (cutoff value 3.04 mm(2) and 76.5%) and distal LAD lesion (2.82 mm(2) and 80.6%). Combination of MLA (2.82 mm(2)) and PB (80.6%) had increased diagnostic value for distal LAD lesion.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>MLA and plaque burden had equivalent diagnostic value for FFR < 0.80 when lesion localized in LAD. The predictive value of combination of MLA and plaque burden for distal LAD lesion was strengthened.</p>


Subject(s)
Coronary Angiography , Methods , Coronary Artery Disease , Diagnostic Imaging , Coronary Vessels , Diagnostic Imaging , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Plaque, Atherosclerotic , Diagnostic Imaging , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Methods
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1035-1040, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-269303

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Stenting strategies and clinical outcomes of bifurcation lesions in a chronic total occlusion (CTO) vessel after successful recanalization remain to be unknown.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between January 2001 and December 2009, 195 (41.1%) patients with 254 (47.0%) bifurcation lesions in CTO vessels from a pool of 564 patients with 659 CTO lesions were included and divided into proximal (n = 134) and distal (n = 120) groups, according to the location of the bifurcation lesions. The primary endpoint was the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) at the end of clinical follow-up, including cardiac death, myocardial infarction, or target vessel revascularization (TVR).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Collaterals with Rentrop class 3 were seen more in distal group (100% and 68.3%), compared to proximal group (76.9% and 45.6%). Two-stent technique for proximal bifurcation lesions was used in 24.6%, significantly different from the distal group (6.7%, P < 0.001), without significant difference in composite MACE between proximal and distal groups, or between one- and two-stent subgroups in proximal group. The composite MACE after 1-year in complete revascularization subgroup was 17.9% relative to 29.6% in the incomplete revascularization group (P = 0.044). Stents in long false lumen in main vessel were mainly attributive to decreased TIMI grade flow, with resultant increased in-stent restenosis, total occlusion, TVR and coronary aneurysms. Imcomplete revasculzarization (HR 2.028, P = 0.049, 95%CI 1.002 - 4.105) and post-stenting TIMI flow (HR 6.122, P = 0.020, 95%CI 1.334 - 28.092) were two independent predictors of composite MACE at the 1-year follow-up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Two-stent was more used for proximal bifurcation lesions. No significant difference was observed in MACE between proximal and distal, or between one- and two-stent subgroups in the proximal group. Placement of a safety wire was critical for proximal bifurcation lesions. Complete revascularization was mandatory to improve clinical outcomes.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Coronary Stenosis , Therapeutics , Female , Humans , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Registries , Stents , Treatment Outcome
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2658-2662, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244376

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Fractional flow reserve (FFR)-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is associated with fewer unfavorable events. However, the hemodynamic change in FFR after different stenting approaches for bifurcation lesions is still not fully studied. The aim of this study was to analyze the hemodynamic changes in FFR after double kissing (DK) crush and provisional side branch (SB) stenting (PS) for true coronary bifurcation lesions.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seventy-five patients with true bifurcated lesions were randomly divided into DK (n = 38) and PS (n = 37) groups. Additional SB stenting in the PS group was required if there was any pinched SB ostium > 70% stenosis, or ≥ type B dissection, or TIMI flow < grade 3. FFR at hyperemia in the main vessel (MV) and SB was measured prior- and post-stenting, and at 8 months follow-up.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Baseline clinical, angiographic and lesion characteristics were matched well between the two groups, with the exception of the final kissing balloon inflation (FKBI, 100.0% in the DK vs. 83.8% in the PS group, P < 0.001). Baseline FFR was comparable between the DK and the PS groups, however, the acute gain and late loss of SB FFR at 8-month follow-up in the DK group were 0.18 ± 0.15 and -0.06 ± 0.11, compared to 0.12 ± 0.18 (P = 0.044) and -0.002 ± 0.07 (P = 0.037) in the PS group, respectively. MV FFR post-stenting > 0.94 was seen in about 40% of patients. There was no significant difference in the clinical events at 1-year follow-up between the two groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>DK crush was associated with improved acute gain and late loss of SB FFR. The lower rate of FFR > 0.94 after stenting underscored the further improvement of stenting quality.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Coronary Artery Disease , Therapeutics , Coronary Stenosis , Therapeutics , Drug-Eluting Stents , Female , Hemodynamics , Physiology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Methods , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
13.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 435-439, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305813

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the clinical effects of transurethral detaching resection (TUDRP) and plasmakinetic transurethral resection of the prostate (PKRP) for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We collected by the single blind method the clinical data of 81 cases of BPH treated by PKRP (n=41) and TUDRP (n=40), and compared the two groups of patients in their age, preoperative prostate volume, weight of the resected gland, operation time, intraoperative bleeding, time of postoperative Foley's catheter retention, and pre- and post-operative IPSS.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The post-operative IPSS was significantly higher in the PKRP than in the TUDRP group (9.95 +/- 1.54 vs. 8.70 +/- 1.13, t = 0.0029, P = 0.0059).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>TUDPR has a better clinical effect than PKRP in the treatment of BPH.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prostatic Hyperplasia , General Surgery , Single-Blind Method , Transurethral Resection of Prostate , Methods
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349059

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the potential association of the C-reactive protein (CRP) gene +1444C/T polymorphism with symptomatic carotid artery stenosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism was used for the detection of CRP +1444C/T genotypes in 192 patients with symptomatic carotid artery stenosis and 197 healthy controls. Serum high sensitivity-CRP (hs-CRP) levels were measured by routine method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No TT genotype was detected in this study. Patients with >70% stenosis had higher CC genotype compared with those with <70% stenosis after adjusting for major cerebrovascular risk factors (OR: 2.958; 95% CI: 1.198 - 7.305; P=0.019). CRP levels were significantly higher in patients than in controls. Subgroup analysis according to clinical characteristics (single or double stenosis; >70% or <70% stenosis) did not show difference in CRP levels. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of CT genotype between patients and controls, or between single and double stenosis (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The CRP +1444 CC genotype is a risk factor for >70% carotid artery stenosis. The serum CRP level is associated with the presence of carotid stenosis. However, it is not associated with the number and severity of stenosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , C-Reactive Protein , Genetics , Metabolism , Carotid Stenosis , Genetics , Metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Female , Gene Frequency , Genetic Association Studies , Genotype , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2278-2285, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307798

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The safety of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for chronic total occlusion (CTO) lesions in remote hospitals without surgical facilities remains unknown. This study aimed to evaluate three-year outcomes after CTO for PCI in ten centers around China where no on-site coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) support was available.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 152 patients from 10 Chinese hospitals without on-site surgical facilities were prospectively studied. Intra-procedural and in-hospital events were assessed. Angiographic follow-up was indexed eight months after the initial procedure. Clinical follow-up was extended to three years. The primary outcome was the rate of major adverse cardiac events (MACE), defined as cardiac death, myocardial infarction and target-vessel revascularization (TVR).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The incidence of CTO was 7.9% in patients who underwent PCI. Successful recanalization was achieved in 132 patients (86.8%). Compared with patients in the PCI success group, patients with PCI procedural failure had longer lesion lengths ((42.32 +/- 22.08) mm vs (27.61 +/- 22.85) mm, P = 0.023), a higher rate of perforation (25.0% vs 0, P = 0.014), and a greater need for pericardial puncture. There were significant differences in MACE in-hospital and at one year and three years between the failure (10.0%, 30.0% and 35.0%) and the success (3.0%, 12.1% and 14.4%) groups (P = 0.037, 0.034 and 0.040, respectively). These led to a significant decrease in the MACE-free survival rate at one and three years in the failure group, compared with the success group (P = 0.031 and 0.023, respectively). Stump was the only predictor of recanalization success (HR 0.158, 95% CI 0.041-0.612, P = 0.008), whereas procedural failure (OR 13.023, 95% CI 6.67-13.69, P = 0.002), incomplete revascularization (OR 9.71, 95% CI 2.93-5.59, P = 0.005), and total stent length (OR 6.02, 95% CI 1.55-11.93, P = 0.027) were three independent predictors of MACE.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PCI for CTO was unsafe in remote hospitals without CABG facilities. Paying attention to coronary perforation is important for successful procedures.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Chronic Disease , Coronary Artery Bypass , Coronary Stenosis , Epidemiology , Therapeutics , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 396-402, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311853

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Bifurcation angles may have an impact on the clinical outcomes of crush stenting. We sought to compare high (> or = 60 degrees ) with low (< 60 degrees ) bifurcation angle in patients who underwent either classical or double kissing (DK) crush stenting for bifurcation lesions from the DKCRUSH-1 data base.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>There were 212 patients with 220 lesions, some with low-angle (n = 138) and some with high-angle (n = 74). Angiography was indexed at 8-month after procedure. Primary endpoint was the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs), defined as cardiac death, myocardial infarction and target lesion revascularization (TLR). Secondary endpoint included late lumen loss, the rate of restenosis, and final kissing balloon inflation (FKBI).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At 8 months, clinical follow-up was 100%; angiographic follow-up was 75% in the low-angle group and 83.3% in the high-angle group. There were no significant differences in the FKBI between the high-angle group (91.43%) and the low-angle group (82.39%). In the high angle group, there was a significant difference in contrast volume used (P = 0.005) but no significant difference in acute gain, minimum lumen diameter (MLD), late loss and diameter stenosis in the pre-bifurcation segment, post-bifurcation segment or side branch. When lesions were assigned into with-(n = 133) and without-FKBI (n = 42), significant side-branch late loss was seen in the group without-FKBI ((0.65 +/- 0.49) mm vs (0.47 +/- 0.62) mm, P = 0.02), with a resultant greater restenosis rate (37.68% vs 18.32%, P = 0.001). No difference was detected in the MACE free survival rate between the high and low angle groups (82.39% vs 82.36%, P = 0.84). The rate of stent thrombosis tended to be higher in the lower-angle group although there was no significant difference (P = 0.38). The TLR free survival rate was 87.2% in the with-FKBI group vs 73.5% in the without-FKBI group (P = 0.001). Cox regression analysis showed that the independent predictors for target vessel revascularization were the side branch stent MLD post stenting (hazard ratios (HR) 1.028, 95% CI 2.357 - 16.233, P = 0.002), lack of FKBI (HR 4.910, 95% CI 4.706 - 8.459, P = 0.001) and unsatisfactory kissing (HR 3.120, 95% CI 2.975 - 5.431, P = 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Bifurcation angles do not influence the clinical outcome of crush stenting. Successful final kissing balloon inflation, regardless of bifurcation angles, can predict TLR.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Methods , Asians , Ethnology , Coronary Angiography , Methods , Coronary Stenosis , Ethnology , Pathology , Therapeutics , Drug-Eluting Stents , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Myocardial Infarction , Ethnology , Pathology , Therapeutics , Stents , Treatment Outcome
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1603-1609, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292661

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>It is unclear whether edge segments have different responses to paclitaxel eluting stent (PES) and sirolimus eluting stent (SES) implantation in patients with unstable angina. This study aimed to compare the different vascular edge responses in patients with unstable angina and single de novo coronary lesion treated with SES and PES.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Two hundred and fifty-five patients with unstable angina and single de novo lesion were randomly assigned to PES and SES groups. Serial volumetric intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) images were taken immediately after stenting and at an eight-month follow-up. Five-mm edge segments proximal and distal to the stents were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Baseline characteristics were comparable between the two groups. At proximal-edge segment, the vessel area decreased and the plaque area increased significantly in the PES group as compared with the SES group. A significant net loss of lumen area was found in the PES group (from (11.10 +/- 3.12) mm(2) at baseline to (9.92 +/- 3.59) mm(2) at the follow-up, P < 0.001). At the distal-edge segment, the net loss of lumen area in the PES group (from (7.71 +/- 2.81) mm(2) at baseline to (6.66 +/- 2.29) mm(2) at the follow-up, P < 0.001) was attributed to a significant increase of plaque area. Proximal-edge stenosis was commonly seen in the PES group (20.0%) as compared with the SES group (5.0%, P = 0.001). This correlated with the higher incidence of target lesion revascularization in the PES group (P = 0.03). Subsegmentally, the smallest Delta lumen area was located at 2 mm proximally in both groups, at 0 mm distally in the PES group, and at 1 mm distally in the SES group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The two groups demonstrated negative remodeling of edge segments. PES was less effective than SES in inhibiting the growth of plaque within the first 1-mm length proximal to the stent.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Angina, Unstable , Diagnostic Imaging , Drug Therapy , Therapeutics , Coronary Angiography , Drug-Eluting Stents , Female , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Male , Middle Aged , Paclitaxel , Therapeutic Uses , Sirolimus , Therapeutic Uses , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography
18.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 100-107, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299490

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine independent factors correlated with clinical effects of DK crush and classical crush technique with drug-eluting stents on bifurcation lesions.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>311 patients with bifurcation lesions were randomized to classical (C, n = 156) or double kissing (DK) crush (n = 155) stent implantation group. The primary endpoints included major adverse cardiac events (MACE).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Final kissing balloon inflation (FKBI) success rate was 76% in C and 100% in DK groups (P < 0.001). DK crush procedure was characterized by lower unsatisfactory FKBI rate (27.6% vs.6.3%, P < 0.01). Clinical follow-up was available in 100% and angiographic follow-up in 82% patients. The overall restenosis rate was 32.3% in C and 20.3% in DK groups (P = 0.01), respectively. Cumulative 8-month MACE was 35.9% in without-FKBI and 19.7% in with-FKBI sub-groups, and 11.4% in DK group (P = 0.02). The incidence of stent thrombosis was 3.2% in C group (5.1% without vs. 1.7% with FKBI) and 1.3% in DK group (P > 0.05). The predictive factors of MACE included minimal side branch stent lumen diameter and lack of DK crush technique.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>DK crush technique is an alternative of double stenting techniques in terms of improvement of restenosis and clinical outcomes.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Methods , Coronary Artery Disease , Therapeutics , Coronary Stenosis , Therapeutics , Drug-Eluting Stents , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Stents
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 528-533, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287698

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Because no data regarding the comparison of crush stenting with paclitaxel (PES) or sirolimus eluting stents (SES) for coronary bifurcate lesions have been reported, we compared the clinical outcomes of these two types of stents.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Two hundred and thirty patients with 242 bifurcate lesions were enrolled in a prospective, nonrandomized trial. Primary endpoints included myocardial infarction, cardiac death and target vessel revascularization at 8 months.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up clinically and 82% angiographically at 8 months. Final kissing balloon inflation was performed in 72% in the PES and 75% in the SES groups (P>0.05). Compared to the SES group, PES group had a higher late loss and incidence of restenosis (P=0.04) in the prebifurcation vessel segment. The postbifurcation vessel segment in the PES group had a greater late loss ((0.7+/-0.6) mm vs (0.3+/-0.4) mm, P<0.001) and higher restenosis in the side branch (25.5% vs 15.6%, P=0.04) when compared to the SES group. There was significant difference of insegment restenosis in the entire main vessel between PES and SES groups (P=0.004). Target lesion revascularization was more frequently seen in the PES group as compared to the SES group (P=0.01). There was significant difference in the accumulative MACE between these two groups (P=0.01). The survival rate free from target lesion revascularization was significantly higher in the SES group when compared to the PES group (P<0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SES is superior to PES in reducing restenosis and target lesion revascularization by 8-month follow-up after crush stenting for bifurcate lesions.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Methods , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Artery Disease , Therapeutics , Drug-Eluting Stents , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Paclitaxel , Prospective Studies , Sirolimus
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343053

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the changes of levels and clinic significance of serum soluble Fas (sFas) and soluble FasL (sFasL) in coal workers' pneumonoconiosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Serum levels of sFas and sFasL were determined in 52 patients with silicosis, 57 coal workers' pneumonoconiosis, 46 healthy underground coal workers' (the underground control group) and 40 healthy volunteers working on the ground (the ground control group) with a sandwich ELISA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared to the underground control and the ground control group, the serum levels of sFas and sFasL in the patients with silicosis and the coal workers' pneumonoconiosis were significantly higher (P < 0.01). Serum levels of sFas and sFasL in the underground control group were significantly higher than those in the ground control group (P < 0.01); Serum sFas levels in coal workers' pneumonoconiosis was significantly higher than those in the patients with silicosis (P < 0.01). Although the serum sFasL levels was also increased, there was no significant difference (P > 0.05). In the patients with silicosis and the coal workers' pneumonoconiosis patients, the serum sFas levels in Phase I patients combined with emphysema and simple Phase II + III patients were significantly higher than those in simple Phase I patients (P < 0.01). There was no significant difference in the serum sFasL levels among various groups with different parameters of pneumonoconiosis. In the patients with silicosis and the coal workers' pneumonoconiosis, serum levels of sFas and sFasL were not significantly altered among different duration of exposure to dusts. There was no correlation between serum levels of sFas and sFasL in the patients with silicosis while there was a slightly positive correlation between sFas and sFasL levels in the coal workers' pneumonoconiosis (r = 0.479, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In the patients with silicosis and the coal workers' pneumonoconiosis, the serum levels of sFas and sFasL are abnormal and associated with the development of the pneumonoconiosis. The changes of serum sFas levels may indicate the development and progression of the pneumonoconiosis. The detection of the serum sFas level may be used in the differential diagnosis for the silicosis and the coal worker's pneumonoconiosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Coal Mining , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Fas Ligand Protein , Blood , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pneumoconiosis , Blood , Silicosis , Blood , fas Receptor , Blood
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