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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910134

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility of prenatal ultrasound in predicting delivery mode of full-term primipara.Methods:The study prospectively enrolled primiparas with gestational age ≥37 weeks, singleton, cephalic and no contraindications to vaginal delivery who underwent routine prenatal examination in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from September 2020 to February 2021.In addition to routine fetal ultrasound examination, the transperineal ultrasound examination was performed to assess the angle of progression (AOP), head perineum distance (HPD), the angle of pubic arch and the anteroposterior diameter, left and right diameter, area and perimeter of levator ani hiatus of pregnant women in different states were measured; Cervical length (CL) was examined by transvaginal ultrasound. The delivery mode was tracked, and the indicators related to natural delivery were screened out. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the effectiveness of relevant indicators in predicting natural delivery.Results:A total of 142 cases were included in this study, including 112 cases of natural delivery and 30 cases of manual intervention delivery. There were no significant differences in age, gestational weeks, biparietal diameter, head circumference, body mass index (BMI) and neonatal weight between the natural delivery group and the manual intervention delivery group (all P>0.05). Multivariate regression analysis showed that AOP was associated with natural delivery( OR=1.048, P=0.008). ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve was 0.648 with AOP 96.92° as the node, and the specificity and positive predictive values were 83.33% and 0.909 1 respectively. Conclusions:It is feasible to predict the mode of delivery by prenatal ultrasound in full-term primiparas. AOP is related to the mode of delivery, which can provide more reference information for clinical practice.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868087

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of 3D/4D translabial ultrasound in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of female urethral diverticulum.Methods:The paired chi-square test was used to compare the diagnostic accuracy of 2D translabial ultrasound and 3D/4D translabial ultrasound in 21 suspected urethral diverticulum patients who visited the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University from November 2013 to January 2020. And Kappa consistency test was used to evaluate the consistency between these two methods and the pathological results.Results:All 21 patients with suspected urethral diverticulum were diagnosed by postoperative pathology, of which 16 cases were urethral diverticula and 5 cases were paraurethral cysts. The typical appearance of urethral diverticulum on 3D/4D translabial ultrasound was a cystic structure traversing the urethral rhabdosphincter. Additionally, septa, calcification or solid neoplasm can also be seen in some cases. The sensitivity/specificity of 2D translabial ultrasound and 3D/4D translabial ultrasound were 75.00%/100% and 93.75%/100%, respectively, no statistical differences were found both in sensitivity and specificity between these two methods(all P>0.05). The Kappa consistency test showed that the consistency between 2D translabial ultrasound and pathological diagnosis was general (Kappa=0.588, P=0.003), while the consistency between 3D/4D translabial ultrasound and pathological diagnosis was good (Kappa=0.877, P<0.001). Conclusions:3D/4D translabial ultrasound has a high value in the diagnosis of female urethral diverticulum, and it is worthy of clinical application.

3.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 590-592, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477719

ABSTRACT

Alzheimer′s patients bring heavy burden to their family and society, causing potential safety prob-lems unable to escort for a long time with the family, physical constraints between protection and between self-es-teem and the mental health law,the quality of life and life values produce a series of contradiction and ethical is-sues,also make close contact with their nursing staff have to face the moral and ethical dilemma.The suggestions are:Hospital provides professional full-time, professional pension caregivers of alzheimer′s patients for long-term care, Strengthen the communication of nursing staff and patients′families, Reasonable and legitimate use tools, Perfect medical system construction, buildMedical support combinedcare system, Carry out the comprehensive rehabilitation nursing intervention, improve the patients quality of life, Change service concept, strengthening the study of ethical knowledge and application to promote the doctor-patient relationship.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466131

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application value of transperineal ultrasound in female urethras and pathological change of circum-urethras.Methods 403 female patients were examined by transperineal ultrasound in condition of resting and maximum Valsalva,female urethras and pathological changes of circum-urethras were observed and ultrasonic manifestation were concluded.Results By transperineal ultrasound the images of normal urethras and pathological change of circum-urethras were clearly discernible.403 female patients were examined,380 normal.18 urethral calcification,there was hyperecho stripe in urethras.2 urethral cyst,there was round anechoic area in circum-urethras and no fistula between round anechoic area with urethras.2 urethral diverticulum,there was round anechoic area in circumurethras and a fistula between round anechoic area with urethras.1 urethrovaginal fistula,there was irregular hypoechoic area between urethras with vagina,the irregular hypoechoic area both communicate with urethras and vagina.Conclusions Transperinealr ultrasound can be used for examination urethras and pathological change of circum-urethras in female patients and may provide more reliable information for clinical diagnosis.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458007

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the repeatability and consistency of normal female pelvic floor structure using transperineal real‐time three‐dimensional ultrasound .Methods Forty‐two cases of normal adult female were evaluated by two different experience operator ,using the real‐time three‐dimensional ultrasound diagnostic apparatus .The bladder neck movement degrees and the levator hiatus area were observed after Valsalva condition .Differences between the groups were compared .Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) ,the coefficient of variation (CV) and Bland‐Altman analysis of consistency were evaluated . Results The bladder neck movement degrees and the levator hiatus area measured by the experienced operator (operator 1) and less experienced operator(operator 2) were (18 4.8 ± 5 8.4)cm and (17 7.9 ± 5 4.8) cm ,(17 5.3 ± 3 9.5)cm2 and (17 3.1 ± 4 3.2)cm2 ,respectively .There was no significant difference between the two operators ( P > 0 0.5) .The intra‐ICC were 0 8.9 and 0 9.0 ,CV were 7 2.6% and 3 0.3% .Experienced operator repeatability (ICC= 0 9.9 ,0 9.4) was slightly higher than the less experienced researchers (ICC 0 9.2 ,0 8.1) .The analysis results of Bland‐Altman image showed good consistency between two different operators .Conclusions The current study proves real‐time three‐dimensional ultrasound is a reproducible method for female pelvic floor structure assessment ,and the reproducibility is very well .The detection performance of experienced operator slightly better than the one with less experience ,strengthen the training of junior doctors may further improve the accuracy of measurement .

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-455607

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application value of transperineal ultrasound in female patients with cystocele.Methods Transperineal ultrasound were performed in 36 female patients with cystocele and the bladder neck movement degrees (BND),retrovesical angle and the degree of urethral rotation were observed at maximum Valsalva.The ultrasonic manifestation of 36 female patients with cystocele were summarized.Results On maximal Valsalva bladder neck mobility all increased in 36 patients,32 patients with open retrovesical angle (≥140°) and 30 female patients with urethral rotation ≥ 45°.There were 6 cases with type Ⅰ,bladder neck was lower than inferoposterior margin of the symphysis pubis,cystocele with open retrovesical angle (≥140°) and urethral rotation <45°.There were 26 cases with type Ⅱ,bladder neck was lower than inferoposterior margin of the symphysis pubis,cystocele with open retrovesical angle (≥140°) and urethral rotation ≥45°.There were 4 cases with type Ⅲ,bladder was lower than inferoposterior margin of the symphysis pubis,cystocele with intact retrovesical angle (< 140°) and urethral rotation ≥45°.Conclusions The transperineal ultrasound can be used for classification of cystocele in female patients and which may provide more reliable information for clinical diagnosis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432093

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in the differential diagnosis of subserous myoma (SM) and ovarian fibroma.Methods CEUS was performed on 58 patients with SM and 26 patients with ovarian fibroma.The enhancement pattern was observed.The diagnostic performance was evaluated by using diagnostic test.Results SM exhibited homogeneous isoenhancement synchronously with the myometrium in early phase.In the late phase,the pseudocapsule remained hyper-enhancement with obvious membraniform sign.Some myomas showed the feeding artery from uterus.Ovarian fibroma demonstrated hyper-enhancement at the periphery portion and hypoenhancement inside.Conclusions The SM and ovarian myomas showed different enhancement patterns,which may provide us some exact information in the differential diagnosis between the two diseases.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-423222

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the diagnostic performance of contrast-enhanced ultrasound in characterization of pelvic masses.Methods Contrast-enhanced ultrasound was performed on 137 patients with pelvic masses.The results were compared to pathological diagnostic criteria.The diagnostic performance was evaluated by using diagnostic test.Results Sensitivity,specificity,positive predictive value,negative predictive value,accuracy and area under ROC curve in diagnosing complex pelvic masses by using contrast-enhanced ultrasound were as follows:85.3% (29/34),93.2% (96/103),80.6% (29/36),95.0% ( 99/101 ),91.2% ( 125/137 ),0.892,respectively.Conclusions Contrast-enhanced ultrasound provides a simple and curate method for characterization of pelvic masses.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-422696

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo assess the diagnostic performance of contrast-enhanced ultrasound(CEUS)in characterization of adnexal masses in comparison with baseline ultrasound.MethodsOne hundred and thirty-seven masses were examined by CEUS and baseline ultrasound.Two independent investigators reviewed the images before and after contrast agent administration.The diagnostic performances were evaluated using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis and the interobserver agreement was analyzed.ResultsAfter review of CEUS,ROC analysis revealed significant improvement in differentiating between malignant and benign pelvic masses that the areas under the ROC curve were 0.731 and 0.738 at baseline ultrasound versus 0.891 and 0.903 at CEUS ( P <0.01 ).The accuracy for both investigators also improved significantly after reviewing CEUS.A better interobserver agreement was achieved after reviewing of CEUS (g =0.681 at baseline ultrasound versus κ =0.893 at CEUS) and a better result of specific diagnosis was obtained (73.2% and 74.2% at baseline ultrasound versus 90.7% and 91.2% at CEUS)(all P < 0.01 ).Conclusions Real-time CEUS improves the diagnostic performance in adnexal masses for discrimination between malignancy and benignity and improves the capability in specific diagnosis compared with baseline ultrasound.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341584

ABSTRACT

This study was undertaken to observe the biochemical changes in striatum of Parkinson's disease (PD) rat model by modified proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy. 12 SD rats were divided into model (n=7) and control (n=5) groups. At 3 weeks after the injection of 6-hydroxydopamine into right striatum, 1H-MRS on the striatum was taken by modified proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and then tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) immunostatining was used to visualize the changes of the neurons in substantia nigra and neurites in striatum. The results showed that TH positive neurons and neurites in the substantia nigra compacts (SNc) and striatum in the normal side of the rat model of PD were decreased (P < 0.05), which proved the successful establishment of PD models. The NAA/Cr ratio of the injected side striatum of model group was lower than that of the normal side (P < 0.05). The ratios of Cho/Cr showed no significant difference between the two sides (P > 0.05). These results indicated that the modified 1.5T 1H-MRS should be a noninvasive technique which could provide useful information about the biochemical metabolites in striatum for the study of PD in rat model.


Subject(s)
Animals , Corpus Striatum , Female , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Methods , Male , Oxidopamine , Parkinson Disease, Secondary , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase , Metabolism
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-390360

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the contrast enhanced ultrasound(CEUS)features of ovarian tumor torsion(OTT).Methods Seventeen cases with OTT were evaluated using CEUS.CEUS was performed with low mechanical index and the contrast agent of Sono Vue.Results Thirteen cases with total torsion of ovarian tumor appeared as no enhancement.Four cases with partial torsion showecl hyperechoic enhancement in the early phase and hypoechogenicity in the late phase.Conclusions The enhancement of OTT has characteristic,which would be helpful for the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of OTT.

12.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 1061-1063, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-391880

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound(CEUS)in the differential diagnosis of endometrial carcinoma and endometrial hyperplasia.Methods Forty-five patients with endometrial carcinoma and 21 patients with hyperplasia were studied by CEUS.Twenty-four normal women were enrolled as contrast group.Results In normal uterus, myometrium exhibited earlier enhancement later washout than the endometrium.Similar phenomenon was observed in patients with hyperplasia.In patients with endometrial carcinoma,the lesion showed wash-in and washout earlier, at least not later than the myometrium.Conclusions Endometrial carcinoma and hyperplasia showed different enhancement patterns,which may be helpful for the diagnosis of the two diseases.

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