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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743755

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of Shuxuening injection combined with compound coenzyme in the treatment of chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN). Methods A retrospective analysis of 108 patients with chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN) admitted to our hospital from June 2014 to May 2018 were divided into two groups according to different treatments. The 43 cases in the experimental group were given Shuxuening injection combined with compound coenzyme, and the 65 cases in control group were given non-Shu Xuening + compound coenzyme. The original immunization protocol was maintained in both groups. After 4 weeks of treatment, the changes of hemodynamic parameters, clinical efficacy, biochemical parameters, coagulation function and adverse reactions were observed before and after treatment. Results There was no significant difference in baseline data between the two groups before treatment (P> 0.05). After treatment, the peak systolic velocity of the intersegmental artery and cortical arteriole in the experimental group were significantly higher than that the control group (P < 0.05) , and the resistance index was lower than that in the control group (P < 0.05). After treatment, serum creatinine, 24 h urine protein quantitation, urinary microalbumin, total cholesterol and triglycerides were lower than that before treatment (P < 0.05) , and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and serum. Albumin increased significantly (P < 0.05) , but the 24 h urine protein quantitation and urinary albumin decreased significantly in the experimental group compared with the control group (P < 0.05). After treatment, the total amount of cholesterol, triglycerides showed no significant difference (P> 0.05). After treatment, the platelet count, fibrinogen and D-dimer of the experimental group were significantly lower than those before treatment (P < 0.05) , and the activated partial thrombin time (APT) was significantly higher than that before treatment (P < 0.05). Significant difference in platelet count, fibrinogen, D-dimer and APTT was found after treatment (P < 0.05). After 4 weeks of treatment, the values of urea nitrogen and serum creatinine were significantly lower than those of the control group (P < 0.05). The recovery of transplanted kidney function in the experimental group was higher than that in the control group (P < 0.05). The experimental group reported 2 cases of fatigue complain and 1 case of dizziness, but no special treatment was given to them and their condition improved after symptomatic treatment; 1 case of mild phlebitis which was cured after given slowed drip rate and local hot compress therapy. The incidence of adverse events was 9.3% (4/43). The control group reported 2 cases of fatigue complain, 1 case of nausea, 1 case of facial flushing, and all cured with no special treatment was given; 1 case of mild phlebitis, and cured after slowed the i.v. drip rate and ocal hot compress; The adverse events rate was 7.7% (5/65). No serious adverse reactions occurred during the entire clinical trial. There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse events between the experimental group and the control group (χ2=0.054, P=0.732). Conclusion Combined with Shuxuening injection and compound coenzyme can improve blood flow of transplanted kidney, reduce proteinuria, reduce blood urea nitrogen and creatinine in patients with CAN after renal transplantation and effectively improve patient's hemodynamic parameters and safety.

2.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 463-472, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771288

ABSTRACT

T cells are an important adaptive immune response arm that mediates cell-mediated immunity. T cell metabolism plays a central role in T cell activation, proliferation, differentiation, and effector function. Specific metabolic programs are tightly controlled to mediate T cell immune responses, and alterations in T cell metabolism may result in many immunological disorders. In this review, we will summarize the main T cell metabolic pathways and the important factors participating in T cell metabolic programming during T cell homeostasis, differentiation, and function.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Physiological Phenomena , Humans , Immunity, Cellular , Physiology , Metabolic Networks and Pathways , Allergy and Immunology , T-Lymphocytes , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710651

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of conversion from mycophenolic acid (MPA) to mizoribine (MZR) in renal transplant recipients with gastrointestinal tract (GI) symptoms.Methods A total of 355 renal transplant recipients with GI symptoms caused by MPA administration were enrolled from April 2015 to March 2017 in 25 different renal transplant centers in China.The symptomatic improvement of GI before (baseline) and after conversion to MZR (1,2,4 weeks) was assessed by each item of GI symptoms indication.In addition,the efficacy and safety of the conversion therapy during 12 months were determined.Results Patients showed improvement in GI symptoms including diarrhea,abdominal pain,abdominal distention and stomachache after conversion to MZR 1,2,4 weeks (P<0.05).In patients with different severity of diarrhea,conversion to MZR therapy significantly improved diarrhea (P<0.05).During 12 months,no patient experienced clinical immune rejection.We did not observe any infections,leucopenia and other serious side effects.Conclusion MZR could markedly improve GI symptoms caused by MPA administration in renal transplant recipients.

4.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 348-349, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461059

ABSTRACT

Objective:To optimize the preparation technology of compound sodium lactate injections for the improvement of clari-ty. Methods:The orthogonal test was adopted to screen the best preparation conditions using four influencing factors including the de-carburization temperature of the concentrated solution (A), pH value of the concentrated solution (B), decarburization time of the concentrated solution ( C) and the filling temperature of the injections ( D) with 3 levels for each, and the clarity of the injections as the index. Results:The best preparation conditions were as follows:the decarburization temperature was 60℃, pH value of the con-centrated solution was 6. 5, the decarburization time was 20minute and the filling temperature was 50℃. Conclusion: The optimal process can improve the clarity of compound sodium lactate injections.

5.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 446-448, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-415559

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the changes and influencing factors of serum NT-proBNP level in aged patients with severe brain dysfunction in acute phase, and the corresponding clinical significance. Methods The serum NT-proBNP and cTn-I levels of patients with severe brain dysfunction at day 1, 3, 5 and 7 were measured respectively. The correlation between acute neurological dysfunction caused by brain dysfunction and serum NT-proBNP and cTn-I levels were analyzed, and the impact on prognosis was explored. Results The serum NT-proBNP levels were significantly higher in death group at day 3[(759±341)ng/L], 5[(1980±839)ng/L] and 7[(2490±1862)ng/L] than in survival group[(594±612)ng/L,(733±424)ng/L,(315±346)ng/L]. Serum NT-proBNP and cTnI levels were associated with progressive cerebral edema in both groups. Location of early intracranial lesions was significantly different between two groups. Death group had higher ratio of intracranial lesions in basal ganglia and brainstem than did survival group. High serum NT-proBNP level after day 7 suggested poor prognosis. Serum NT-proBNP level was not associated with serum cTn-I level. Conclusions Progressively increased serum NT-proBNP level in aged patients with severe brain dysfunction in acute phase suggests poor prognosis. The increased degree of serum NT-proBNP in aged patients with severe brain dysfunction in acute phase is associated with the location of intracranial lesions.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-409878

ABSTRACT

AIM: To establish a HPLC method for the determination of tanshinone Ⅱ A in Compound Danguifukang Capsule. METHODS: Analytic column: Reliasil C18(5μm, 250mm×4.6mm), protective column: (5μm, 12.50mm×4.6mm); mobile phase: methnaol-ultrapure water (80: 20); detective wavelength was at 270a good linearity within the range of 1×10-2-0.16μg, r=0.9995. The average recovery was 99.73% and RSD was 2.91%. CONCLUSION: The method is feasible, and simple to operate and suitable for the quality control of Compound Dangguifukang Capsule.

7.
China Pharmacy ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-523353

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the enhancing effects of azone at different concentrations on percutaneous permeation of compound tinidazole gel and to find out the best concentration.METHODS:Using vertical Franz-type diffusion cell and dif?ferent concentrations of azone as enhancer,the concentrations of tinidazole,chloramphenicol and salicylic acid in permeation solution were measured by RP-HPLC,then cumulative permeation quantity(Q)was calculated.RESULTS&CONCLUSION:Azone at different concentrations could promote the permeability of3ingredients of compound tinidazole gel,and2%azone had the most obvious permeation-enhancing effect.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-570888

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a method for the determi nation of emodin and chrysophanic acid in Compound Rhubarb Spray by HPLC.Methods The ODS column was applied.methanol∶water(87∶13)served as mobile phase.The detectio n wavelength was at 254nm and the flow r ate was 0.65ml /min.Results The average recovery of emodin was 99.48%with relative standard deviation being 1.75%(n=9)and the average recovery of chrysoph anic acid was 101.46%with rela-tive standard deviation being 2.85%(n=9).Conclusion The method was simple,rapid and reli able.It is suitable for the quality control of Compound Rhubarb Spray.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-573440

ABSTRACT

AIM: To establish a HPLC method for the determination of tanshinone ⅡA in Compound Danguifukang Capsule. METHODS: Analytic column: Reliasil C 18 (5 ?m, 250 mm?4.6 mm), protective column:(5 ?m, 12.50 mm?4.6 mm); mobile phase: methnaol-ultrapure water (80∶20); detective wavelength was at 270 nm; temperature was at 30 ?C ; the flow rate was about 1.0 mL?min -1 . RESULTS: The standard curve showed a good linearity within the range of 1?10 -2 -0.16 ?g, r=0.999 5. The average recovery was 99.73% and RSD was 2.91% . CONCLUSION: The method is feasible, and simple to operate and suitable for the quality control of Compound Dangguifukang Capsule.

10.
China Pharmacy ; (12)1991.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-527229

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of five regimens of antibacterial drug therapy in the treatment of community acquired pneumonia. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted, in which a total of 128 cases with pneumonia were enrolled and randomly assigned to receive each of the following 5 therapies,cefoperazone sodium/ sulbactam sodium(Group A),levofloxacin(Group B),amoxicillin/ clavulanate potassium(Group C),azithromycin plus ceftazidime(Group D),and cefoxitin(Group E),the therapeutic effects were monitored and the cost-effectiveness analyses were conducted on the five groups. RESULTS: The costs of the five regimens were 2 137.0 yuan, 1 393.0 yuan, 1 152.5yuan, 2 044.2 yuan and 1 827.0 yuan, respectively;The effective rates were 85.2%, 86.6%, 80.6%, 89.6% and 78.5%, respectively;The cost-effectiveness ratios were 25.08 , 16.09, 14.30, 22.82 and 23.27, respectively; As compared with group C, the incremental cost-effectiveness ratios of the other four groups were 214.02,40.08, 99.08 and —321.19, respectively. CONCLUSION: The therapy of amoxicillin/ potassium clavulanate is superior to the other regimes in the treatment of community acquired pneumonia.

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