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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865069

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of pancreaticodudenectomy (PD) using anterior approach in situ technique for pancreatic head cancer.Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 285 patients with pancreatic head cancer who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University from January 2012 to June 2018 were collected. There were 164 males and 121 females, aged from 40 to 76 years, with an average age of 57 years. Of the 285 patients, 196 patients who underwent PD using anterior approach in situ technique were set as anterior approach group, 89 patients who underwent PD using traditional approach were set as traditional approach group. Observation indicators: (1) surgical situations; (2) postoperative situations; (3) follow-up. Follow-up was performed by outpatient examination, telephone or network interview once every 2 to 3 months to detect tumor recurrence, metastasis and survival of patients up to December 2018. The endpoint of follow-up was death of patients, and the secondary endpoint of follow-up was tumor recurrence or metastasis. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was analyzed by the t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (range), and comparison between groups was analyzed by the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were represented as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was analyzed by the chi-square test. Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw the survial curve and calculate the survival rates. Survival analysis was done by the Log-rank test. Results:(1) Surgical situations: 285 patients underwent surgery successfully. Cases with pylorus-preservaction, cases with superior mesenteric vein/ portal vein (SMV/PV) resection and reconstruction (end to end anastomosis, artificial vascular replacement, lateral wall resection and anastomosis), operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss were 118, 37 (17, 11, 9), (303±107)minutes, 350 mL(range, 100-750 mL) in the anterior approach group, and 48, 9 (7, 1, 1), (335±103)minutes, 400 mL(range, 100-900 mL) in the traditional approach group, respectively, showing no significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=0.990, 3.474, t=0.722, Z=1.729, P>0.05). (2) Postoperative situations: the rate of R 0 resection, the number of lymph node dissected, the number of positive lymph node dissected, rate of nerve invasion, rate of vascular invasion, cases with postoperative severe complica-tions, the number of perioperative death, cases with postoperative chemotherapy were 93.88%(184/196), 12(range, 5-19), 4(range, 0-15), 45.41%(89/196), 31.12%(61/196), 28, 3, 69 in the anterior approach group, and 85.39%(76/89), 7(range, 4-17), 5(range, 0-13), 32.58%(29/89), 23.60%(21/89), 11, 2, 41 in the traditional approach group, respectively. There were significant differences in the rate of R 0 resection, the number of lymph node dissected, rate of nerve invasion between the two groups ( χ2=5.506, Z=4.637, χ2=4.149, P<0.05), while there was no significant difference in the number of positive lymph node dissected, rate of vascular invasion, cases with postoperative severe complications, the number of perioperative death, cases with postoperative chemotherapy between the two groups ( Z=0.052, χ2=1.962, 0.192, 0.001, 3.048, P>0.05). (3) Follow-up: of the 285 patients, 252 and 228 achieved the secondary endpoint and the endpoint of follow-up respectively with the follow-up time of 35 months (range, 6-58 months). There were 181 and 176 of 196 patients in the anterior approach group achieving the secondary endpoint and the endpoint of follow-up respectively with the follow-up time of 38 months (range, 6-58 months). There were 71 and 52 of 89 patients in the traditional approach group achieving the second endpoint and the endpoint of follow-up respectively with the follow-up time of 33 months (range, 7-53 months). The median tumor free survival time and median overall survival time were 31 months and 37 months in the anterior approach group, respectively, versus 24 months and 31 months in the traditional approach group. There was a significant difference in the tumor free survival between the two groups ( χ2=7.646, P<0.05), while no significant difference in the overall survival between the two groups ( χ2=3.265, P>0.05). Conclusion:PD using anterior approach in situ technique is safe and feasible for pancreatic head cancer, which can improve the rate of R 0 resection and prolong the tumor free survival time of patients.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733534

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors of pancreatic ductal stones (PDS) combined with malignant tumor beside stones.Methods The retrospective case control study was conducted.The clinicopathological data of 190 patients with PDS who underwent surgical treatment at the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University) between January 2008 and June 2017 were collected.Of 190 patients,175 and 15 were detected PDS complicated with chronic pancreatitis and malignant tumor beside stones respectively.Observation indicators:(1) risk factors analysis of PDS combined with malignant tumor beside stones;(2) follow-up and survival situations.Follow-up using outpatient examination and telephone interview was done to detect treatment of patients who had PDS combined with malignant tumor beside stones and postoperative survival up to December 2017.Univariate analysis was done by chi-square test,Fisher exact probability or rank sum test,and multivariate analysis was done using Logistic regression model.The survival curve was drawn and survival rate was calculated by Kaplan-Meier method.Results (1) Risk factors analysis of PDS combined with malignant tumor beside stones:results of univariate analysis showed that increased serum tumor markers,diameter of PDS,common bile duct dilation or compression,pancreatic parenchymatous atrophy were related factors affecting PDS combined with malignant tumor beside stones (x2 =12.501,Z =-2.508,x2 =12.230,5.863,P<0.05).Results of multivariate analysis showed that increased serum tumor markers,common bile duct dilation or compression,pancreatic parenchymatous atrophy were independent risk factors affecting PDS combined with malignant tumor beside stones (odds ratio:5.482,8.062,4.993,95% confidence interval:1.556-19.313,1.620-40.107,1.188-20.977,P<0.05).(2) Follow-up and survival situations:162 of 190 patients were followed up for 2-111 months with a median time of 20 months,including 149 of PDS complicated with chronic pancreatitis and 13 of PDS combined with malignant tumor beside stones.During the follow-up,the 1-,3-,5-year overall survival rates after operation were 46.7%,6.7% and 0 in 13 patients of PDS combined with malignant tumor beside stones,and 3 patients received postoperative chemotherapy.The 1-,3-,5-year overall survival rates of the 149 patients who had PDS combined with chronic pancreatitis were 97.0%,93.5%,91.6%.Conclusion Increased serum tumor markers,common bile duct dilation or compression,pancreatic parenchymatous atrophy are independent risk factors affecting PDS combined with malignant tumor beside stones.

3.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 805-809, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738050

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between the status of HBsAg-positive infection of mothers and the non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine of their infants.Methods A total of 225 pairs of mothers and their infants were recruited in our cohort from June 2011 to July 2013.Infants were given three doses of hepatitis B vaccine at hour 24,first month and month 6th respectively and were followed up for one year after birth.HBV serological markers and HBV DNA in the peripheral blood of both mothers and infants were detected by Electro-chemiluminescence immunoassay and fluorescence quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction.Results Six HBV infection models were detected in HBsAg-positive mothers,and "HBsAg (+),HBeAg (+),anti-HBc (+)" (model one) and "HBsAg (+),anti-HBe (+),anti-HBc (+)" (model two) accounted for 92.5% (208/225) of all the models.Rate of non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine in infants born to mothers in model one was lower than those in model two,the differences are statistically significant (x2=4.80,P=0.029).The rate of non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine in infants showed a downward trend with the rising of HBeAg level in their mothers (x2=4.86,P=0.028).Results from the unconditional logistic regression analysis showed that the HBeAg of the HBsAg-positive mothers was significantly correlated with the low risk of non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine in infants (OR=0.598,95%CI:0.378-0.947).The positive rate of serum HBV DNA in HBsAg-positive mothers was 54.2%,while the rate of non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine in infants born to HBV DNA positive mothers was similar to those infants born to HBV DNA negative mothers (X2=0.22,P=0.640).Conclusions "HBsAg (+),HBeAg (+),anti-HBc (+)" and "HBsAg (+),anti-HBe(+),anti-HBc (+)" were the common models seen in HBsAg-positive mothers,and the rate of non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine was different between the two models.HBeAg of HBsAg-positive mothers might have positive effects on the immune response to hepatitis B vaccine in infants but the mechanisms remained not clear.HBV DNA of the HBsAg-positive mothers did not seem to be correlated with the immune response to hepatitis B vaccine in infants.

4.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 805-809, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736582

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between the status of HBsAg-positive infection of mothers and the non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine of their infants.Methods A total of 225 pairs of mothers and their infants were recruited in our cohort from June 2011 to July 2013.Infants were given three doses of hepatitis B vaccine at hour 24,first month and month 6th respectively and were followed up for one year after birth.HBV serological markers and HBV DNA in the peripheral blood of both mothers and infants were detected by Electro-chemiluminescence immunoassay and fluorescence quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction.Results Six HBV infection models were detected in HBsAg-positive mothers,and "HBsAg (+),HBeAg (+),anti-HBc (+)" (model one) and "HBsAg (+),anti-HBe (+),anti-HBc (+)" (model two) accounted for 92.5% (208/225) of all the models.Rate of non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine in infants born to mothers in model one was lower than those in model two,the differences are statistically significant (x2=4.80,P=0.029).The rate of non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine in infants showed a downward trend with the rising of HBeAg level in their mothers (x2=4.86,P=0.028).Results from the unconditional logistic regression analysis showed that the HBeAg of the HBsAg-positive mothers was significantly correlated with the low risk of non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine in infants (OR=0.598,95%CI:0.378-0.947).The positive rate of serum HBV DNA in HBsAg-positive mothers was 54.2%,while the rate of non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine in infants born to HBV DNA positive mothers was similar to those infants born to HBV DNA negative mothers (X2=0.22,P=0.640).Conclusions "HBsAg (+),HBeAg (+),anti-HBc (+)" and "HBsAg (+),anti-HBe(+),anti-HBc (+)" were the common models seen in HBsAg-positive mothers,and the rate of non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine was different between the two models.HBeAg of HBsAg-positive mothers might have positive effects on the immune response to hepatitis B vaccine in infants but the mechanisms remained not clear.HBV DNA of the HBsAg-positive mothers did not seem to be correlated with the immune response to hepatitis B vaccine in infants.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620413

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the early diagnostic value of white blood cell count (WBC), neutrophil percentage (NEU%), C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT) in blood bacterial infection.Methods Clinical data of 114 patients with bacterial blood stream infections(BSI group) and 247 patients without bloodstream infections (control group) admitted to Taiyuan Third People''s Hospitalin 2015 were retrospectively analyzed.The WBC, NEU%, CRP and PCT were measured in all patients.Receiver opearating characteristic curve (Roc) was used to evalute the accuracy of WBC, NEU%, CRP and PCT in the diagnosis of blood stream bacterial infectious.Results There were no significant differences in gender and age between two groups (χ2=0.7731, t=0.9900, both P>0.05).The WBC, NEU%, CRP and PCT levels in BSI group were significantly higher than those in control group (all P0.05), while there was significant difference in PCT level (P<0.05).In diagnosis of bacteremia, the area under the ROC curve of PCT(0.827) was the largest, followed by CRP (0.721), NEU% (0.677) and WBC (0.593), the differences were statistically significant(Z=2.332, 3.355 and 3.786, P<0.05 or <0.01).Conclusion WBC, NEU%, CRP and PCT levels are of certain diagnostic value for bacterial bloodstream infections, particularly the PCT.In addition, PCT can predict G+ bacterial and G-bacterial infections.

6.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1410-1414, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737844

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between HBeAg in HBsAg positive mothers and CD4 + CD25 + Foxp3 + regulatory T cells (Treg) in newborns,as well as how they would influence the increasing risk on HBV intrauterine transmission.Methods We collected information on general demographic characteristics and delivery on 270 HBsAg positive mothers and their newborns from the Third People's Hospital of Taiyuan.Fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (FQ-PCR) and chemiluminescence immunoassay (CLIA) were used to detect HBV DNA and HBV serological markers in peripheral blood from both mothers and neonates.The expression of Treg and other immune cells in peripheral blood of neonates were detected with flow cytometry (FCM).Results Maternal HBeAg positive rates were associated with an increased risk of intrauterine transmission (0R=4.08,95% CI:1.89-8.82).Rates of T.reg in newborns born to HBsAg-positive mothers were higher than that of the negative group (Z=2.29,P=0.022).Each pair of the subjects was assigned to five different groups according to the HBeAg titers of mothers.Frequencies of both Treg and HBeAg in newboms and HBV DNA in mothers between the above said 5 groups showed similar trends of changing patterns and the differences between groups were statistically significant (x2=18.73,P<0.001;x2=181.60,P<0.001;x2=183.09,P<0.001).Results from partial correlation analysis showed that after adjusting for neonatal HBeAg and maternal HBV DNA,mother's HBeAg titers were positively related to the percentage of Treg in their newboms (rs=0.19,P=0.039).In addition,the frequencies of Treg were negatively correlated with pDC and CD4 + T cell in their newborns (rs=-0.21,P=0.017;r,=-0.23,P=0.009).Conclusion HBeAg from HBsAg positive mothers might have inhibited the function of neonatal DC cells and T cells to reduce the immune response to HBV by up-regulating the proportion of Treg and finally increased the risk of HBV intrauterine transmission.

7.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 950-953, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737753

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and Interleukin-12(IL-12) on immune response to hepatitis B vaccination in infants of HBsAg-positive mothers.Methods A total of 91 neonates whose mothers were HBsAg-positive were included and followed up for 12 months.HBV DNA and HBV serological markers in the peripheral blood of the neonates and infants were detected with fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (FQ-PCR) and chemiluminescence immunoassay (CLIA),and the levels of IL-6 and IL-12 in the peripheral blood of the neonates and infants were detected with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Results The non-/hypo-response rate to hepatitis B vaccination was 35.16% (32/91) in the 91 infants.In the neonatal period and infantile period,the level of IL-6 in non-/hypo-response group was lower than that in high-response group,while the level of IL-12 was higher than that in high-response group,and there was significant difference (P<0.01).From the neonatal period to the infantile period,the level of IL-6 increased,while the level of IL-12 descended in both groups,and there was significant difference (P<0.01).Furthermore,the level of anti-HBs of infants was positively correlated with the level of IL-6 (rs =0.70,0.79,P< 0.01),and was negatively correlated with the level of IL-12 (rs=-0.71,-0.72,P<0.01) in the neonatal period and the infantile period.From the neonatal period to the infantile period,the increased level of IL-6 was positively associated with the level of anti-HBs (rs =-0.74,P<0.01),while the decreased level of IL-12 was negatively associated with the level of anti-HBs (rs=-0.42,P<0.01).The level of IL-6 was negatively correlated with the level of IL-12 in the neonatal period and the infantile period (rs=-0.68,-0.70,P<0.01).Conclusions IL-6 might promote the immune response to hepatitis B vaccination in infants whose mothers were HBsAg-positive,while IL-12 might inhibit the immune response.IL-6 and IL-12 would affect the immune response to hepatitis B vaccination in infants of HBsAg-positive mothers at the same time.

8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 911-915, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737746

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influencing factors for non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine in infants of HBsAg-positive mothers.Methods A total of 286 HBsAg-positive pregnant women and their infants were recruited from the Third People's Hospital of Taiyuan during July 2011 to January 2013.The infants were immunized with hepatitis B vaccine according to the 0-1-6 month vaccination schedule and followed up for 12 months.The serum HBV DNA level of mothers,neonates and infants were detected by electro chemilum inescence immunoassay kits and fluorescene quantiative polymerase chain rection.Results Among 286 infants,the rate of non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine was 18.53% (53/286).Non-conditional logistic regression analysis indicated that the mother's HBV DNA level ≥ 1 × 107 copies/ml (0R=2.592,95%CI:1.121-5.996) and natural birth (OR=1.932,95%CI:1.021-3.654) were the risk factors for non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine,the risks were 2.592 times and 1.932 times higher compared with the infants whose mothers were HBV DNA negative and the infants whose mothers had cesarean delivery.There was no multiplicative or additive interaction between high HBV DNA load and natural birth (OR=1.055,95%CI:0.209-5.321),(RERI=1.617,95%CI:-4.038-7.272;AP=0.364,95%CI:-).527-1.225;SI=1.195,95%CI:0.270-13.135).After stratified analysis of mother's HBV DNA level,delivery mode of mothers was not associated with non/low-response of their infants.Conclusion The mother's load of HBV DNA ≥ 1 × 107 copies/ml might be the factor for non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine in infants of HBsAg positive mothers.

9.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1410-1414, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736376

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between HBeAg in HBsAg positive mothers and CD4 + CD25 + Foxp3 + regulatory T cells (Treg) in newborns,as well as how they would influence the increasing risk on HBV intrauterine transmission.Methods We collected information on general demographic characteristics and delivery on 270 HBsAg positive mothers and their newborns from the Third People's Hospital of Taiyuan.Fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (FQ-PCR) and chemiluminescence immunoassay (CLIA) were used to detect HBV DNA and HBV serological markers in peripheral blood from both mothers and neonates.The expression of Treg and other immune cells in peripheral blood of neonates were detected with flow cytometry (FCM).Results Maternal HBeAg positive rates were associated with an increased risk of intrauterine transmission (0R=4.08,95% CI:1.89-8.82).Rates of T.reg in newborns born to HBsAg-positive mothers were higher than that of the negative group (Z=2.29,P=0.022).Each pair of the subjects was assigned to five different groups according to the HBeAg titers of mothers.Frequencies of both Treg and HBeAg in newboms and HBV DNA in mothers between the above said 5 groups showed similar trends of changing patterns and the differences between groups were statistically significant (x2=18.73,P<0.001;x2=181.60,P<0.001;x2=183.09,P<0.001).Results from partial correlation analysis showed that after adjusting for neonatal HBeAg and maternal HBV DNA,mother's HBeAg titers were positively related to the percentage of Treg in their newboms (rs=0.19,P=0.039).In addition,the frequencies of Treg were negatively correlated with pDC and CD4 + T cell in their newborns (rs=-0.21,P=0.017;r,=-0.23,P=0.009).Conclusion HBeAg from HBsAg positive mothers might have inhibited the function of neonatal DC cells and T cells to reduce the immune response to HBV by up-regulating the proportion of Treg and finally increased the risk of HBV intrauterine transmission.

10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 950-953, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736285

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and Interleukin-12(IL-12) on immune response to hepatitis B vaccination in infants of HBsAg-positive mothers.Methods A total of 91 neonates whose mothers were HBsAg-positive were included and followed up for 12 months.HBV DNA and HBV serological markers in the peripheral blood of the neonates and infants were detected with fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (FQ-PCR) and chemiluminescence immunoassay (CLIA),and the levels of IL-6 and IL-12 in the peripheral blood of the neonates and infants were detected with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Results The non-/hypo-response rate to hepatitis B vaccination was 35.16% (32/91) in the 91 infants.In the neonatal period and infantile period,the level of IL-6 in non-/hypo-response group was lower than that in high-response group,while the level of IL-12 was higher than that in high-response group,and there was significant difference (P<0.01).From the neonatal period to the infantile period,the level of IL-6 increased,while the level of IL-12 descended in both groups,and there was significant difference (P<0.01).Furthermore,the level of anti-HBs of infants was positively correlated with the level of IL-6 (rs =0.70,0.79,P< 0.01),and was negatively correlated with the level of IL-12 (rs=-0.71,-0.72,P<0.01) in the neonatal period and the infantile period.From the neonatal period to the infantile period,the increased level of IL-6 was positively associated with the level of anti-HBs (rs =-0.74,P<0.01),while the decreased level of IL-12 was negatively associated with the level of anti-HBs (rs=-0.42,P<0.01).The level of IL-6 was negatively correlated with the level of IL-12 in the neonatal period and the infantile period (rs=-0.68,-0.70,P<0.01).Conclusions IL-6 might promote the immune response to hepatitis B vaccination in infants whose mothers were HBsAg-positive,while IL-12 might inhibit the immune response.IL-6 and IL-12 would affect the immune response to hepatitis B vaccination in infants of HBsAg-positive mothers at the same time.

11.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 911-915, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736278

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influencing factors for non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine in infants of HBsAg-positive mothers.Methods A total of 286 HBsAg-positive pregnant women and their infants were recruited from the Third People's Hospital of Taiyuan during July 2011 to January 2013.The infants were immunized with hepatitis B vaccine according to the 0-1-6 month vaccination schedule and followed up for 12 months.The serum HBV DNA level of mothers,neonates and infants were detected by electro chemilum inescence immunoassay kits and fluorescene quantiative polymerase chain rection.Results Among 286 infants,the rate of non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine was 18.53% (53/286).Non-conditional logistic regression analysis indicated that the mother's HBV DNA level ≥ 1 × 107 copies/ml (0R=2.592,95%CI:1.121-5.996) and natural birth (OR=1.932,95%CI:1.021-3.654) were the risk factors for non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine,the risks were 2.592 times and 1.932 times higher compared with the infants whose mothers were HBV DNA negative and the infants whose mothers had cesarean delivery.There was no multiplicative or additive interaction between high HBV DNA load and natural birth (OR=1.055,95%CI:0.209-5.321),(RERI=1.617,95%CI:-4.038-7.272;AP=0.364,95%CI:-).527-1.225;SI=1.195,95%CI:0.270-13.135).After stratified analysis of mother's HBV DNA level,delivery mode of mothers was not associated with non/low-response of their infants.Conclusion The mother's load of HBV DNA ≥ 1 × 107 copies/ml might be the factor for non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine in infants of HBsAg positive mothers.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490394

ABSTRACT

The Longhua Zhang's internal medicine,the famous clinical inheritance of Chinese medical schools in Shanghai,was well-known by their expert skills and high medical ethics during 370 years.This paper introduces the family origin and its academic characteristic.By studying the Shanghai local chronicles and the Longhua Zhang's genealogy,we learn how they innovating and improving the school.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413544

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the survival condition of the liver transplant recipients and determine the factors which influence the long time survival. Methods Retrospective study of the follow-up data of the orthotopic liver transplantation recipients during 1999-2009 was performed.The survival rate of different primary disease was analyzed respectively. The recurrence of the primary disease, mortality and morbidity was also analyzed. Results 331 recipients were follwed up. The follow-up duration ranged from 8-120 months. The 1-, 3-, 5-, and 10-year survival rate of patients with benign end-stage liver disease was 86 %, 85 %, 83 %, and 83 %, respectively. There was no difference in the long- term survival rate between the patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related cirrhosis and severe liver failure. The 1-, 3-, 5-, and 10-year survival rate of patients with HCC matching Millan criteria was 96 %, 87 %, 87 %, and 87 0%, while those of HCC exceeding Millan criteria were 42 % ,26 % ,24 % ,24 % resepectively. There was significant difference between them at the same period (P<0. 01). The total recurrent rate of HCC recipient was 54. 3 %, and that of HCC matching and exceeding Millan criteria was 4.3 % and 72. 7 0% respectively (P<0. 01 ). Tumor recurrence was the main cause of death of the malignancy. The HBV recurrent rate was 6. 0 0%, and all the cases were controlled by changing the antivirus regimen. The morbidity of billiary complication was 11.8 %, and intrahepatic biliary stricture was the most common type. CNIs-related renal impairment morbidity was 8. 2 % and the damage was reversible in condition of early diagnosis and treatment. Conclusion Orthotopic liver transplantation is an effective and safe treatment for end stage liver disease. The LTx recipients can get long time survival with perfect quallity life under proper medical supervision.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-390832

ABSTRACT

Ex-vivo liver resection is developed based on liver transplantation and technique of cold preservation of organs.It overcomes the shortcomings of time limit of warm ischemia and high technique demand of hepatectomy of tumors located at critical sites.A 58-year-old woman with hepatocellular carcinoma located close to the middle hepatic vein combined with invasion of right hepatic vein was admitted to Southwest Hospital.Because of the critical tumor site,conventional liver resection Wag assessed as impossible.Ex-vivo liver resection was performed,and a vessel patch from an organ wag harvested to repair the defect of the right hepatic vein,and then the liver remnant was subsequently autotransplanted.After operation,the patient recovered smoothly without venous outflow complication.Bile leakage wag observed on postoperative day 23,and the maximnm volume of intraperitoneal drainage wag 200 ml per 24 hours.Endoscopic nasobiliary drainage Was performed and the volume of intraperitoneal drainage gradually decreased to none.Liver function of the patient was back to normal and with no tumor recurrence at the end of 6 months of follow up.Ex-vivoliver resection is beneficial to patients with centrally located hepatocellular carcinoma with the involvement of hepatic vein and inferior vena cava.

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