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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939964

ABSTRACT

@#Starvation therapy is an emerging oncological treatment that targets the abnormally elevated nutrient uptake and metabolic pathways to inhibit and kill tumors. In addition to glucose, the targets of starvation therapy also include other nutrients in tumor cells.However, concerns like ineffective targeting and drug tolerance probably have an impact on their clinical translation.Nanomaterial-assisted starvation treatment has been developing quickly in recent years to address these concerns.In this review, several exemplary nanomedicines for starvation therapy and combined starvation therapy with other therapies were offered.They target nutrients other than glucose metabolism, including lactic acid, amino acids, and lipids, using nanomaterials to improve the efficacy of starvation therapy.This review provides reference for further development of nanomedicines with starvation treatment effect.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822996

ABSTRACT

@#To identify novel inhibitors targeting the polo-box domain of polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1 PBD), a series of new peptidomimetics (7a-7u) without phosphate group were designed and synthesized, where the phosphate group in the structure of the selective Plk1 PBD inhibitor PLHSpT was replaced by the carboxyl group, and the unnatural amino acids were applied for further modification and optimization. The 21 peptidomimetic compounds designed and synthesized had a strong inhibitory effect on Plk1 PBD, of which compound 7l highly selectively inhibited Plk1 PBD with IC50 of 0.285 μmol/L. The growth inhibition effect of HeLa tumor cell lines in vitro was better than that of compounds containing phosphate group. Moreover, the stability of the compound in rat plasma was improved by unnatural amino acids. Thus it is proved that selective Plk1 PBD inhibitor with improved characters can be obtained by replacing the phosphate group with a carboxyl group and restructuring the peptide chain.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756438

ABSTRACT

Objectives In order to provide valuable information for the diagnosis and treatment of allergic diseases,the prevalence and trend changes of common allergens in Beijing were investigated and analyzed.Methods This study was a retrospective data collection study.A total of 11 641 patients with allergen examinations were collected from Peking University First Hospital from 2013 to 2017.The positive rate of each allergen was counted according to age,season and year.The epidemiological characteristics and trends were analyzed.Results In the past five years,20 636 total IgE and 45 620 allergen-specific IgE were collected,and the total positive rate of total IgE was 47.8% (9 874/20 636).The top three positive rates of inhaled allergens were Dermatophagoides farina (28.1%,509/1 812),Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (26.8%,503/1 876) and Mugwort (24.7%,240/971).The top three positive rates of food allergen were egg (17.3%,188/10 88),milk (16.7%,186/1 114) and wheat (15.3%,127/829).The positive rate of inhaled allergens (phad as an example) increased year by year.The positive rate of food allergens (fx5 as an example) reached its peak in 2015 (16.3%,511/3 139) and decreased slightly in the last two years (2016:13.0%,571/ 4 396;2017:7.4%,330/4 461).In inhaled allergens,the positive rate of weed pollen increased significantly in autumn.The positive rates of mx2 and dust mites were higher in summer.Food allergen did not change significantly with the seasons.Conclusions This study shown the distribution of allergens in patients with allergic diseases to a certain extent.It provided epidemiological data and clinical evidence for the prevention and treatment of allergic diseases.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746245

ABSTRACT

Objective Investigate the effect of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia on the detection of HBsAg by chemiluminescence and its elimination methods.Methods Case control study.The HBsAg in human serum was detected in 200 cases of hyperbilirubinemia neonates who were hospitalized in Beijing Children's Hospital,Capital Medical University from July 2015 to May 2016 and whose serum total bilirubin level exceeded 200 μmol/L.The positive serum was further detected by 16 200×g high-spoed centrifugation or blue light irradiation for 8 hours,and the results of re-assay of HBsAg were recorded.The retest positive serum wastested for HBV DNA load and checked the results of their mother's examination in HBV.136 adult serum samples with total bilirubin levels exceeding 200 μmol/L in the Peking University First Hospital,were taken as reference to compare the influence of hyperbilirubinemia between adults and newborns on the determination of HBsAg.Results The median level of serum total bilirubin in neonates was 259.0 μ mol/L (226.5,312.5);median level of indirect bilirubin 244.1 μmol / L(212.5,295.8).Median level of serum total bilirubin in adults 356.4 μmol/L(295.9,435.1);median level ofindirect bilirubin 137.1 μmol/L (107.8,172.7).The HBsAg test was negative in adults,11 cases (5.5%) were positive in newborns,their" HBV DNA load was less than<100 IU/ml.Among them,9 have inoculated hepatitis B vaccine and 2 were unknown.10 of 11 mothers of infants were healthy and 1 was positive for HBsAg,HBeAb,HBcAb.2 of the 11 positive specimens turned negative of HBsAg after high-speed centrifugation.In addition to high speed centrifugation,4 cases turned negative after blue light irradiation.5 cases remained positive after high speed centrifugation and blue light irradiation.Conclusions Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia,which is different from that of adults,is mainly caused by indirectly bilirubin increased,which is one of the main reasons for false positive detection of HBsAg by chemiluminescence in neonates.High-speed centrifugation and blue light irradiation can eliminate the influence of serum indirect bilirubin on the detection of HBsAg to the greatest extent.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821725

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare T-cell receptor (TCR) β chain complementarity-determining region 3 (CDR3) in the patients with coexistence of HBsAg and HBsAb and other HBV infected patients. @*Methods@#The clonotype and diversity of CDR3 in blood of group cases (positive HBsAg and HBsAb) (n=11), control 1 (negative HBsAg and positive HBsAb) (n=10) and control 2 (positive HBsAg and negative HBsAb) (n=10) were analyzed by high-throughput TCR sequencing with Illumina HiseqX10. @*Results@#In the case group, the overlap rate of 6.28% (0.25%, 13.10%) was detected between any two samples, which was significantly lower than the overlap rate of 10.49% (6.20%,17.30%) seen in control 1 group (P=0.008). In control 2 group, the overlap rate of 2.60% (0.13%,13.69%) was significantly lower than control 1 group (P=0.001). There was no difference between case group and control 2 group. After pairwise comparison between the three groups, the frequency of clonotype TRBV7-2/TRBD1/TRBJ2-1 in case group was higher than that of control 1 group (P=0.029), the frequency of TRBV7-3/TRBD1/TRBJ2-7 in case group was lower than that of control 1 group (P=0.031). The difference of TRBV5-8 was significant in comparing case group with control 1 group (P=0.047). There were 14 clonotypes which had differences between case group and control 2 group in frequency. TRBV28was significant in comparing case group with control 2 group (P=0.028). For diversity, there was no difference among the three groups. @*Conclusion@#Clonotype TRBV7-2/TRBD1/TRBJ2-1, TRBV7-3/TRBD1/TRBJ2-7 and TRBV5-8 were associated with coexistence of HBsAg and HBsAb, but the diversity was not associated with TCR β chain CDR3.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806912

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To validate a nomogram model based on prostate health index (PHI) for predicting prostate cancer (PCa). @*Methods@#The pre-operation serum and clinical data were collected for suspected PCa patients (aged 34 to 90 years), who visited Peking University First Hospital from August 2015 to May 2017 and received transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy. A total of 391 suspected PCa with total prostate-specific antigen (tPSA)>4 ng/ml were selected into this study, including 235 cases with tPSA level of 4-10 ng/ml and 156 cases with tPSA>10 ng/ml. The p2PSA was tested in all cases and then PHI was calculated. The biopsy results were considered as the gold standard to diagnose PCa. The nomogram model established in Shanghai based on PHI, age and prostate volume was validated in all cases enrolled in this study. Receiver operator curves (ROC) were used to assess the ability of nomogram model to predict PCa. @*Results@#Of 391 male patients included in this study, 175(44.8%)were finally diagnosed as PCa. ROC curves indicated that, the area under the curve (AUC) of the nomogram model for predicting PCa among 391 cases was higher than that of the traditional indicator tPSA (AUC: 0.786 vs 0.578, P<0.000 1). And f/t(AUC: 0.786 vs 0.672, P=0.000 2). For those people with tPSA level of 4-10 ng/ml, the AUC of the nomogram model was also higher than that of tPSA (AUC: 0.720 vs 0.513, P=0.000 3) and f/t(AUC: 0.720 vs 0.626, P=0.042 5). @*Conclusion@#The nomogram model based prostate health index (PHI) was validated to have a good auxiliary diagnostic value for PCa in our center.(Chin J Lab Med, 2018, 41: 536-540)

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712081

ABSTRACT

Objective The study was designed to comparatively analyze ultrasonic appearance,laboratory and pathological findings in autoimmune hepatitis(AIH),and their correlation.The clinical value of ultrasound in diagnosing autoimmune hepatitis was studied.Methods By retrospectively reviewing the ultrasonic images,pathological and laboratory results of 68 patients with autoimmune hepatitis admitted to the PLA 302 Hospital from 2014 to 2015,we tried to reveal the correlation between ultrasonic features and pathological and laboratory findings.Results The ultrasonic diagnosis of liver fibrosis was not statistically correlated with the features of pathological ″interface hepatitis″ and serological liver function test.But it was positively correlated with the features of pathological ″spotty necrosis″(r=0.5099,P < 0.001).The ultrasonic features of ″cord-like structure″ and ″nodular change″ had statistically improved the classification of the degree of AIH fibrosis on ultrasonic diagnosis(t=3.9547,P < 0.01).The ultrasonic feature of the change of ″liver size″ and ″morphology″ also have statistically improved the diagnosis of AIH fibrosis with ultrasonography(t=2.070,2.137,4.584,3.773,all P<0.05).Conclusion Ultrasonic images could provide objective evidence in diagnosis of AIH and evaluation of fibrosis degree.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712031

ABSTRACT

Objective Through the study of color Doppler ultrasound imaging, to explore the mechanism of portal vein thrombosis for patients with liver cirrhotic portal hypertension splenectomy and its influencing factors. Methods From January 2013 to December 2013, a total of 284 cases of patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension plenectomy plus pericardial devascularization in 302 Hospital of PLA were reviewed. Color Doppler ultrasound technique was employed to record the thrombosis of portal vein, splenic vein and superior mesenteric vein before and after the surgical procedure. According to the occurrence of portal vein thrombosis after splenectomy, patients were divided into portal vein thrombosis group and non portal vein thrombosis group; the factors that may affect the formation of portal vein thrombus were analyzed by using Logistic regression. Results One hundred and twenty-nine cases of portal vein thrombosis occurred among the 284 patients with splenectomy, the incidence rate was 45.42% (129/284). Logistic regression analysis shows that inner diameters of splenic vein for the group with portal vein thrombosis are significantly different from that of the group without portal vein thrombosis (Z=2.034, P < 0.05), postoperative inner diameter of portal vein (Z=2.037, P<0.05), and prothrombin time (Z=-2.171, P<0.05) are significantly higher in the group with portal vein thrombosis, while preoperative platelet count is significantly lower in the group with portal vein thrombosis (Z=-2.146, P < 0.05); gender, preoperative hepatic artery flow velocity, and blood coagulation time are also the influencing factors of portal vein thrombosis (all P>0.05). Conclusion Color Doppler ultrasound technology can not only monitor, the thrombus formation in portal venous system post splenectomy, it can assess the risk factors of portal vein thrombosis post splenectomy.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463514

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical value of the acoustic radiation force impulse imaging (ARFI) in the quantitative evaluation of fibrosis staging in chronic hepatitis B .Methods A total of 373 patients with chronic hepatitis B were grouped in accordance with the depth of the right anterior lobe and posterior lobe of the liver and underwent ARFI to measure ARFI values .Liver biopsy was performed in all patients to investigate the relationship between liver fibrosis stages and ARFI values in different groups . Results The ARFI values in different pathological grades with the same depth of the right anterior and right posterior lobe of the liver were statistically significant ( P < 0 0.01);the ARFI values between the middle and deep parts of the right anterior lobe and the same location of the right posterior lobe were statistically significant ( P <0 0.1);for the right anterior lobe ,the ARFI value of the shallow part showed statistical significance from that of the middle and the deep part ( P < 0 0.5 ) .Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis for different sampling locations showed that the largest area under the ROC curve ,which was 0 8.18 ,existed in the middle part of the right anterior lobe ,indicating that it could be the optimal sampling location for the measurement of ARFI values .Liver stiffness at ARFI imaging was significantly correlated with liver fibrosis stage in chronic hepatitis B and spearman coefficient of correlation was 0 5.30 ( P <0 0.01) .The areas under the ROC curves for the chronic hepatitis B patients with severe liver fibrosis (≥ S3) and early cirrhosis (= S4) were 0 8.18 and 0 8.60 ,respectively .Conclusions ARFI imaging was promising for clinical application and could be utilized as a noninvasive method for the quantitative evaluation of fibrosis staging in chronic hepatitis B .

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636533

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the imaging features of hepatic tumors contained lipid by contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS), and compare with MRI ifndings. Methods From July 2010 to December 2012, 17 patients of hepatocellular carcinoma containing lipid component in the 302nd Hospital of the People′s Liberation Army underwent dual-echo sequence MRI imaging. Fifteen patients were conifrmed by enhanced MRI and contrast-enhanced CT, while the other 2 patients were confirmed by pathology. The features of ultrasonography, CEUS and MRI were analyzed. Kappa analysis test was analyzed for the consistency of CEUS and MRI ifndings. Results In the two-dimensional ultrasound of 17 lesions, 9 were hypoechoic heterogeneous lesions, 5 were hypoechoic lesions;13 lesions with clear boundaries, 4 lesions with unclear boundaries;peripheral blood lfow signal in 5 lesions and rich blood lfow in 1 lesion were observed by color Doppler ultrasound, 11 lesions had no signiifcant blood lfow signal;15 lesions showed fast high enhancement in CEUS arterial phase, 1 lesion with synchronization enhancement, 1 lesion with mild enhancement;10 lesions showed portal clearance, 1 lesion showed an enhanced synchronization, 1 lesion with mild enhancement;16 lesions showed clearance in delay phase, 1 enhanced lesion showed isoenhancement;6 lesions presented intra-lesion or surrounding patchy, irregular non-enhancement areas. CEUS diagnostic accuracy was 82%(14/17), the diagnostic accuracy of MRI was 88%(15/17). The Kappa consistency test was 0.628, while CEUS and MRI results were in good agreement. Conclusions Performance of hepatocellular lipid-containing ultrasound contrast arterial phase shows non-enhancement areas. Contrast enhanced ultrasound features of lipid-containing hepatocellular carcinoma are valuable for the clinical diagnois.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636527

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the detection rate of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) with different perfusion methods on rabbit VX2 small hepatocellular carcinoma less than 10.0 mm. Methods VX2 tumor cells were inoculated into the subcutaneous tissue of New Zealand rabbit′s thigh. Then the plant tumor were cut into small blocks under sterile conditions and transplanted into hepatic parenchyma in 30 New Zealand rabbits. The contrast media was injected through peripheral vein by single and double perfusion methods. The detection rate of two methods were compared. Results There were 41 hepatocellular carcinoma lesions in the 30 rabbits. There were 15 lesions with size between 3.0 mm and 5.0 mm, and 26 lesions between 5.0 mm and 10.0 mm in diameter. On CEUS, the VX2 tumor presented fast-in and fast-out pattern. In arterial phase, the lesion was enhanced rapidly. In portal venous phase, contrast began to wash out from the carcinoma. In delay phase, the enhancement of lesion was signiifcantly lower than the surrounding normal liver parenchyma. A total of 32 lesions were detected by single perfusion method, including 7 lesions ranging 3.0-5.0 mm and 25 lesions ranging 5.0-10.0 mm. A total of 39 lesions were detected by double perfusion method, including 13 lesions ranging 3.0-5.0 mm and 26 lesions ranging 5.0-10.0 mm. The detection rate of micro-hepatocellular carcinoma by single and double perfusion method was 78% and 95% respectively. The difference was statistically signiifcant (χ2=5.150, P=0.023). The detection rate of 3.0-5.0 mm lesions by single and double perfusion method was 47%and 87%, respectively. The difference was statistically signiifcant ( χ2=5.400, P=0.025). The detection rate of 5.0-10.0 mm lesions by single and double perfusion method was 96% and 100%, respectively. There was no statistically signiifcant difference (χ2=1.020, P=0.500). Conclusion The double perfusion method greatly promotes the detection of micro hepatocellular carcinoma, especially for the lesions less than 5.0 mm in diameter.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636337

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical application value and feasibility of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) in rapid diagnosis for bleeding of hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods From January 2009 to December 2012, 58 patients from the 302nd Hospital of the People′s Liberation Army underwent CEUS and conventional ultrasound, who were suspicioused primary bleeding of liver cancer or secondary bleeding of liver cancer after percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA). The change of effusion volume in front of liver and in abdominal cavity, the perfusion time, range and characteristics of contrast agent, tumor vessel and the characteristic manifestation of active bleeding within the tumor and subcapsular were evaluated. Theχ2 test was used to compare the show rates of lesion boundary and the bleeding point by conventional ultrasound and CEUS. The t test was used to compare the change of effusion in front of liver and in abdominal cavity from 0 min to 30 min after bleeding were diagnosis by CEUS. Results For 58 cases of suspicious rupture and bleeding of liver cancer, 34 cases were conifrmed by clinical and imaging ifndings. The bleeding points were detected by conventional ultrasound in 5 cases. The bleeding points in 30 cases (including 4 cases of rapid bleeding, 7 cases of medium bleeding and 19 cases of slow bleeding) were detected by CEUS. The detection rate of lesion boundary, tumor vessel and bleeding point of CEUS were higher than those of conventional ultrasound, and the differences were statistically significant (χ2=10.350, P=0.001; χ2=4.300, P=0.034;χ2=36.790, P=0.0007). CEUS showed that contrast agent continuously concentrated at the bleeding point of lesions, and different degrees of bleeding were shown as′jet-like′,′linear′or′intermittent′spillover. The volume of effusion in front of the liver and in abdominal cavity at 30 min was more than those at 0 min after bleeding were diagnosis by CEUS, and the differences were statistically significant (the volume of effusion in abdominal cavity:t=-3.467, P=0.026;t=-12.895, P=0.000;t=-3.055, P=0.007;the volume of effusion in front of the liver:t=-8.110, P=0.001;t=-5.642, P=0.002;t=-5.981, P=0.000). Conclusions CEUS can show direct signs of rupture and bleeding of liver cancer, and the degree of bleeding can be evaluated according to the extravasation characteristics of contrast medium and the changes of lfuid volume. Therefore, CEUS can provid an objective basis for rapid diagnosis of ruptured hepatocellular carcinoma in the emergency scene and bedside.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432110

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of supersonic shear wave elastrography(SWE) in the diagnosis of benign and malignant breast lesions.Methods SWE was performed on 134 breast lesions of 123 female patients and 74 normal breast glands to determine the values of overall elastic modulus and dispersion,and ROC curves were used to assess the diagnosis boundary value of two kinds of data respectively.Results According to the diagnostic gold standard-histopathology,the values of overall elastic modulus and dispersion were statistically significant when comparing benign lesions and malignant lesions with normal glands.ROC curve displayed that,when the Youden index reached to maximum,the diagnosis boundary value of overall elastic modulus was 41.01 kPa,the sensitivity and specificity of the value were 68.5% and 83.8% respectively; the diagnosis boundary value of dispersion was 12.25 kPa,the sensitivity and specificity of the value were 87.0% and 88.7% respectively.Conclusions The values of overall elastic modulus and dispersion for solid breast lesions can be used to reflect the elastic characteristics of lesions quantificationally,which is useful to diagnose benign and malignant breast lesions in clinical.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432097

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnostic value of the acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) technology and AST/PLT ratio index (APRI) for the assessment of the liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis C patients.Methods 107 patients with chronic hepatitis C were included,the subjects were underwent liver biopsy,liver function,blood count,as well as real-time acoustic elastography examination.The APRI was calculated according the following formula,APRI =AST (ULN)/PLT (109/L).ARFI and APRI were compared by correlation with liver fibrosis stage in chronic hepatitis C.Referring to the histologic fibrosis stage on liver biopsy,all the ARFI and the APRI value were assessed by using ROC curve analysis.The corresponding cut-off values,sensitivity and specificity were also calculated and compared.Results The mean values of ARFI and APRI were (1.26 ± 0.27)m/s and 0.30 ± 0.46 for the patients with S1,(1.45 ± 0.51)m/s and 0.29 ± 0.21 for those with S2,(2.03 ± 0.54) m/s and 0.59 ± 0.56 for those with S3,(2.29 ± 0.82) m/s and 0.63 ± 0.35 for those with S4,respectively.ARFI (r =0.61,P <0.001) had a better correlation with liver fibrosis stage in chronic hepatitis C than APRI (r =0.49,P <0.001).Cut-off points of ARFI and APRI were 1.529 m/s and 0.170 for S≥2,1.780 m/s and 0.277 for S≥3,1.780 m/s and 0.446 for S =4,respectively.Accordingly,the areas under the ROC curves for ARFI and APRI were 0.779 and 0.724 for S≥2,0.866 and 0.786 for S≥3,0.790 and 0.779 for S=4,respectively.Conclusions As a non-invasive technology,ARFI is more accurate when applied to evaluate liver fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis C than APRI.ARFI technology has potential value for quantitatme evaluation of the liver fibrosis for chronic hepatitis C.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-423565

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the feasibility of non-invasive quantitative evaluation of portal pressure (Pp) by contrast enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS).Methods 18 portal hypertension patients (PTH group) were performed with CEUS within one week before splenectomy and pericardial devascularization,and 20 healthy volunteers as controls were recruited in this study (control group).Hepatic-right kidney sectionwas chosen to calculate the area under curve of portal vein/hepatic artery (Qp/Qa) and the perfusion intensity of portal vein/hepatic artery (Ip/Ia) through time intensity curves (TIC) of liver parenchyma generated from CEUS images.Pp was measured by intra-operative mesenteric vein catheter,and the correlation betweenPp and Qp/Qa,Ip/Ia were analyzed by Pearson correlation test.Results The levels of Qp/Qa and Ip/Ia in the PTH group were 2.28 ± 0.66 and 0.35 ± 0.14 respectively,which were both significantly declined than that in the controlgroup (5.72 ± 3.69 and 1.97 ± 0.17).In the PTH group,the correlation coefficient were-0.747 and-0.617,and the linear regression equations were Y =-83 X + 5.013 andY =-15X + 0.837,which indicated that Qp/Qa and Ip/Ia had significant correlation with Pp.Conclusions CEUS parameters,including Qp/Qa and Ip/Ia,are significantly correlated to Pp in portal hypertension patients,which indicate that CEUS could be a new non-invasive clinical method for evaluating Pp.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419320

ABSTRACT

Objective To quickly evaluate the traumatic degree of abdominal solid-organs using contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) and analysis on related factors with clinical treatment.Methods 52 patients with abdominal traumatic were observed by CEUS,and the traumatic degree was judged according to American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST).The change of peritoneal fluid was observed with ultrasonography,and active bleeding and involve adjacent vessels their branches were observed with CEUS.In this way,a method of quickly evaluate the traumatic degree was established,and the correlation between indifferent grade trauma and appropriate interventions that include surgical and conservative treatment was studied.Results 52 patients with 71 lesions,compound injuries accounted for 82.7% (43/52).Among them,37 lesions were Ⅰ-Ⅲ grade trauma,34 lesions were severe trauma of Ⅳ-Ⅴ grade.The lesions complicated with active bleeding were 76.1% (54/71).The amount of peritoneal fluid was increased significantly within 30 min (P <0.05) in traumatic lesions with rapid bleeding.Among of 50lesions associated with active bleeding,the surgical treatment was 24.0% (12/50),the conservative treatment was 76.0% (38/50).Among of trauma lesions involving the two following vessels,Ⅰ-Ⅲ grade was 97.3% (36/37),Ⅳ-Ⅴ grade was 61.8% (21/34).Trauma involvement above level 2 focal blood vessels,surgical treatment accounted for 23.1% (12/52),conservative treatment accounted for 44.2%(23/52).Conclusions The severity of the trauma can not be a comprehensive response by AAST,becauce it is not only related to the scope of the traumatic lesions,vascular level,also involved with the trauma associated with active bleeding,bleeding speed and amount of peritoneal effusion and other factors.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418647

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) in diagnosis renal injuries complicated with active bleeding of different velocity,and analysis the related factors of renal traumatic degree.Methods Thirty-four Ⅰ - Ⅴ grade lesions of renal injury were made in 4 dogs and 6 New Zealand rabbits.Two and three dimensional CEUS were used to observe traumatic extension,and traumatic position,involving in vascular as well.Then the injury condition was classified and assessed synthetically.Results The range of lesions observed by using 2D and 3D ultrasound had consistency with those of the pathologic sample (length-diameter:F =0.4724,P =0.6252; transverse diameter:F =1.6174,P =0.20490),3D-CEUS can display the vascular that involved by renal injury.In the same traumatic extension condition,the time of animal becoming shocked and injury severity was related to not only traumatic extension but also different velocity of active bleeding and involving in vascular.Conclusions Contrastenhanced ultrasound can objectively reflect renal injury severity,and more information can be provided to clinical for management.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-429443

ABSTRACT

Objectives To evaluate the value of Treponema pallidum (TP) antibody analytical methods for syphilis screening.Methods A total of 4870 samples of Peking University First Hospital from May to October 2010 were detected of antibodies against TP by chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay (CMIA),ELISA,rapid plasma reagin test (RPR),Treponema pallidum particle agglutination assay (TPPA) and dot-immunoblotting test (dot-IBT).The positive rates were compared by McNemar test for paired data;Using dot-IBT as gold standard,the sensitivity,specificity and total accordance rate of the other four methods were analyzed.Results In 4870 screening samples,the positive rate of dot-IBT was 2.5%(122/4870).The positive rate of CMIA and RPR was 3.1%(149/4870) and 1.2%(58/4870),respectively.According to McNemar test for paired data,there was significant difference when compared with dot-IBT (P <0.01).The positive rate of ELISA and TPPA was 2.4% (119/4870) and 2.4% (116/4870),respectively.There was no significant difference when compared with dot-IBT (P > 0.05).When the dot-IBT results for the standard,CMIA has highest sensitivity,96.7% (118/122),the specificity was 99.6%(4705/4724).The sensitivity and specificity of ELISA was 93.4% (114/122) and 99.9% (4720/4724),respectively,TPPA was 91.0% (111/122) and 99.9% (4721/4724),respectively,and RPR was 46.7%(57/122) and 100.0% (4724/4724),respectively.The accordance rate of CMIA,ELISA,TPPA and RPR with the dot-IBT was 99.5% (4823/4846),99.8% (4834/4846),99.7% (4832/4846) and 98.7%(4781/4846).When the TPPA results for the standard,sensitivity of CMIA was 96.6% (112/116),the specificity was 99.2% (4717/4754).The sensitivity and specificity of ELISA was 98.3 % (114/116) and 99.9% (4749/4754),respectively,and RPR was 47.4% (55/116) and 99.9% (4751/4754),respectively.The accordance rate of CMIA,ELISA and RPR with the dot-IBT was 99.2% (4829/4870),99.9% (4863/4870) and 98.7% (4806/4870).Conclusions Because of the low sensitivity of RPR,it is not fit for screening test.There are high sensitivity and specificity for detection of TP antibody using CMIA and ELISA,so they could be used as a screening test for TP.Due to the complexity of the operating steps,TPPA can be used to further confirm the test.

19.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 739-742, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-387675

ABSTRACT

Objective To study feasibility of combined haemostatic percutaneous injection therapy guided by contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) in treatment of renal injuries. Methods Eighteen New Zealand rabbits were inflicted with kidney injury imitating grades Ⅲ-Ⅳ blunt injuries. The animals were randomly and equally divided into three groups, Group A ( treated with hemocoagulase),Group B ( treated with hemocoagulase and Alpha-cyanoacrylate) and Group C ( control group, given normal saline). The hemostatic time, hemostatic effect, and perirenal hematoma were observed. Results A perirenal hematoma was observed one hour after treatment. The perirenal fluid thickness was (0.200 ±0.012) cm in Group A, (0.050 ±0.002) cm in Group B and (0.400 ±0.009) cm in Group C, with statistical significance between two test groups and Group C (P < 0.05 ). At days 7 and 14 following treatment, lesion length and cross section was ( 1. 107 ±0. 143) cm and (0.433 ±0. 163) cm in Group A, (0.567 ±0.082) cm and (0. 160 ±0. 078) cm in Group B, and (0.980 ±0. 203) cm and (0.686 ± 0. 157) cm in Group C. There was statistical significance between the test groups (Groups A and B) and Group C (P<0. 01) at day 14. The lesion size in Group A was lager than that in Group B (P < 0.01 ). One month after treatment, a slight nephrohydrosis occurred in Group B. Conclusions Either injection of simple hemocoagulase or combined use of hemocoagulase and Alpha-cyanoacrylate guided by CEUS can attain positive hemostatic effect, but the latter one is more rapid and reliable.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397006

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of percutaneous injection of hemostatic agents under the guidance of contrast-enhanced ultrasound(CEUS)for grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ hepatic trauma patients.Methods Eleven patients with severe hepatic trauma were treated using percutaneous focal injection of hemostatic agents.Five of these patients were hepatic injury of grade Ⅲ,and others were grade Ⅳ according to AAST.Results Out of all patients with severe hepatic trauma,9 patients were cured by once percutaneous injection of hemostatic agents under the guidance of CEUS,and 1 patient was cured by twice injection,and 1 patient was switched to surgery because of complicated pancreatic injury and the increase of free intraperitoneal fluid.Conclusions CEUS can display the site and severity of liver injury.Combining with interventional technology,injection of hemostatic agents under the guidance of CEUS can save life and avoid to resect organ,and it can win time for treating other compound injury.

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