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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608625


To implement the excellent doctor education training plan and construct the training model of practical ability in clinical education,the researchers analyzed the problems existing in the training of clinical practice ability and put forward a new train of thought,and constructed a training method system of personal experience,reading classics,teacher guidance,simulation training,clinical practice and reflection strengthening.In addition,we also established a safeguard mechanism with the characteristics of the organizational corporation of teaching,the expert-oriented teaching team,team-oriented mentoring,pro-ject-oriented ability training,the diversification of evaluation system,the modernization of teaching platform and the realistic training environment,to train the qualified clinical medical talents.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446516


Objective To report the clinical features and treatment outcomes of 27 patients with fungal endophthalmitis (27 eyes)over a five year period.Methods The authors retrospectively reviewed the etiology,direct smear examination,fungal cul-ture and treatments of 27 patients with culture-proven fungal endophthalmitis at the affiliated Hospital of Medical College Qing-dao University from 2007 to 2012.Results Exogenous infection was defined in 21 patients (77.8%),including 20 associated with penetrating wound,and 1 following cataract surgery.Endogenous infection was found in 6 patients (22.2%),including 3 associated with recent use of high-dose steroids,1 after abortion,1 following pelvic fracture,and 1 with long-term use of im-munosuppressive agents.Fungal hyphae were found in 17 smears of 27 samples (63.0%)by direct microscopic examination. The fungal strains cultured from 27 samples belonged to 8 genus and 12 species.The most common isolates were Aspergillus , Fusarium and Candida species.A.flavus (22.2%)and A.fumigatus (18.5%)were the predominant Aspergillus species. F .moniliforme (14.8%)and F .oxysporum (11 .1 %)were the most predominant Fusarium species.Two eyes were eviscer-ated immediately due to the serious condition.Among the other 25 eyes,22 (88.0%)got improvement after at least one of such treatments as intravitreal injection of antifungal agent,vitrectomy or penetrating keratoplasty (PK).Conclusions Exoge-nous fungal endophthalmitis is the most common type of fungal endophthalmitis in this hospital.Penetrating wound is the main cause of such infections.Microscopic examination of hyphae and fungal culture were effective for the diagnosis of fungal endophthalmitis.Aspergillus is the predominant pathogens, followed by Fusarium.Intravitreal injection of antifungal a-gent combined with vitrectomy is an effective treatment of fungal endophthalmitis.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-525784


AIM: To explore the changes of von Willebrand factor (vWF) and soluble vascular-cellular adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1), and the correlation of vWF, sVCAM-1 with acute myocardial ischemia. METHODS: By means of enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), the changes of vWF and sVCAM-1 were measured in 73 patients with unstable angina (UA) during angina attack and relief period (24 h after attack) as well as in 50 controls. RESULTS: The levels of vWF and sVCAM-1 were significantly higher in UA patients than those in controls (P