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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008131

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the cell subsets and characteristics related to the prognosis of osteosarcoma by analyzing the cellular composition of tumor tissue samples from different osteosarcoma patients.Methods The single-cell sequencing data and bulk sequencing data of different osteosarcoma patients were downloaded.We extracted the information of cell samples for dimensionality reduction,annotation,and cell function analysis,so as to identify the cell subsets and clarify the cell characteristics related to the prognosis of osteosarcoma.The development trajectory of macrophages with prognostic significance was analyzed,and the prognostic model of osteosarcoma was established based on the differentially expressed genes of macrophage differentiation.Results The cellular composition presented heterogeneity in the patients with osteosarcoma.The infiltration of mononuclear phagocytes in osteosarcoma had prognostic significance(P=0.003).Four macrophage subsets were associated with prognosis,and their signature transcription factors included RUNX3(+),ETS1(+),HOXD11(+),ZNF281(+),and PRRX1(+).Prog_Macro2 and Prog_Macro4 were located at the end of the developmental trajectory,and the prognostic ability of macrophage subsets increased with the progression of osteosarcoma.The prognostic model established based on the differentially expressed genes involved in macrophage differentiation can distinguish the survival rate of osteosarcoma patients with different risks(P<0.001).Conclusion Macrophage subsets are closely related to the prognosis of osteosarcoma and can be used as the key target cells for the immunotherapy of osteosarcoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prognosis , Osteosarcoma/genetics , Immunotherapy , Macrophages , Transcription Factors , Bone Neoplasms/genetics , Homeodomain Proteins , Repressor Proteins
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008107

ABSTRACT

Objective To screen out the potential prediction genes for nasopharyngeal carcinoma(NPC)from the gene microarray data of NPC samples and then verify the genes by cell experiments.Methods The NPC dataset was downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus,and limma package was employed to screen out the differentially expressed genes.Weighted correlation network analysis package was used for weighted gene co-expression network analysis,and Venn diagram was drawn to find the common genes.The gene ontology annotation and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes pathway enrichment were then performed for the common genes.The biomarkers for NPC were further explored by protein-protein interaction network,LASSO regression,and non-parametric tests.Real-time quantitative PCR and Western blotting were employed to determine the mRNA and protein levels of key predictors of NPC,so as to verify the screening results.Results There were 622 up-regulated genes and 351 down-regulated genes in the GSE12452 dataset.A total of 116 common genes were obtained by limma analysis and weighted gene co-expression network analysis.The common genes were mainly involved in the biological processes of cell proliferation and regulation and regulation of intercellular adhesion.They were mainly enriched in Rap1,Ras,and tumor necrosis factor signaling pathways.Six key genes were screened out,encoding angiopoietin-2(ANGPT2),dual oxidase 2(DUOX2),coagulation factor Ⅲ(F3),interleukin-15(IL-15),lipocalin-2,and retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptor B(RORB).Real-time quantitative PCR and Western blotting showed that the NPC cells had up-regulated mRNA and protein levels of ANGPT2 and IL-15 and down-regulated mRNA and protein levels of DUOX2,F3,and RORB,which was consistent with the results predicted by bioinformatics.Conclusion ANGPT2,DUOX2,F3,IL-15 and RORB are potential predictive molecular markers and therapeutic targets for NPC,which may be involved in Rap1,Ras,tumor necrosis factor and other signaling pathways.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/genetics , Interleukin-15 , Dual Oxidases , Computational Biology , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/genetics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970838

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To retrospectively analyze the clinical efficacy of olecranon osteotomy approach in the treatment of Dubberley type Ⅲ coronal fractures of the distal humerus and summarize the treatment experience.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to June 2020, 17 patients (5 males and 12 females) with Dubberley type Ⅲ coronal fractures of the distal humerus were treated by olecranon osteotomy approach. The age ranged from 37 to78 years old with an average of (58.5±12.9) years old. According to Dubberley classification, there were 5 cases of type Ⅲ A and 12 cases of type Ⅲ B. The curative effect was evaluated using the Borberg-Morrey elbow function score. The flexion, extension and rotation range of motion of the elbow joint, complications and postoperative imaging evaluation were recorded.@*RESULTS@#All the 17 patients got bony union. The follow-up time ranged from 12 to 33 months with an average of (15.6±5.6) months. There was 1 case of ischemic necrosis of capitulum humeri, 2 cases of traumatic arthritis and 1 case of heterotopic ossification, 1 case of malunion of fracture. The range of motion was (114.80±19.50) °. The Broberg-Morrey score was 85.3±8.2, excellent in 5 cases, good in 9 cases, fair in 3 cases and poor in 0 case.@*CONCLUSION@#Through olecranon osteotomy approach, the articular surface of distal humerus could be fully exposed, and the operation is convenient. Anatomical reduction and rigid fixation of the articular surface of distal humerus are the key factors for the succesful outcome.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Olecranon Process/surgery , Elbow Joint/surgery , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Humerus/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Range of Motion, Articular
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970625

ABSTRACT

To compare the pancreatic proteomics and autophagy between Rehmanniae Radix-and Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata-treated mice with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM). The T2DM mouse model was established by high-fat diet coupled with streptozotocin(STZ, intraperitoneal injection, 100 mg·kg~(-1), once a day for three consecutive days). The mice were then randomly assigned into a control group, low-(5 g·kg~(-1)) and high-dose(15 g·kg~(-1)) Rehmanniae Radix groups, low-(150 mg·kg~(-1)) and high-dose(300 mg·kg~(-1)) catalpol groups, low-(5 g·kg~(-1)) and high-dose(15 g·kg~(-1)) Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata groups, low-(150 mg·kg~(-1)) and high-dose(300 mg·kg~(-1)) 5-hydroxymethyl furfuraldehyde(5-HMF) groups, and a metformin(250 mg·kg~(-1)) group. In addition, a normal group was also set and each group included 8 mice. The pancreas was collected after four weeks of administration and proteomics tools were employed to study the effects of Rehmanniae Radix and Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata on protein expression in the pancreas of T2DM mice. The expression levels of proteins involved in autophagy, inflammation, and oxidative stress response in the pancreatic tissues of T2DM mice were determined by western blotting, immunohistochemical assay, and transmission electron microscopy. The results showed that the differential proteins between the model group and Rehmanniae Radix/Rehmanniae Radix Prae-parata group were enriched in 7 KEGG pathways, such as autophagy-animal, which indicated that the 7 pathways may be associated with T2DM. Compared with the control group, drug administration significantly up-regulated the expression levels of beclin1 and phosphorylated mammalian target of rapamycin(p-mTOR)/mTOR and down-regulated those of the inflammation indicators, Toll-like receptor-4(TLR4) and Nod-like receptor protein 3(NLRP3), in the pancreas of T2DM mice, and Rehmanniae Radix showed better performance. In addition, the expression levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase(iNOS), nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2(Nrf2), and heine oxygenase-1(HO-1) in the pancreas of T2DM mice were down-regulated after drug administration, and Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata demonstrated better performance. The results indicate that both Rehmanniae Radix and Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata can alleviate the inflammatory symptoms, reduce oxidative stress response, and increase the autophagy level in the pancreas of T2DM mice, while they exert the effect on different autophagy pathways.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/genetics , Streptozocin/pharmacology , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Proteomics , Inflammation , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases , Autophagy , Mammals
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985458

ABSTRACT

International research on healthy life expectancy (HALE) focuses on inequality of socioeconomic status and individual natural attributes. With the acceleration of population ageing and the increase in average life expectancy, the extension of unhealthy life expectancy and the increase of social and economic burden caused by diseases have gradually attracted the attention of countries around the world. Therefore, the evaluation of disease factors affecting HALE is a meaningful direction in the future. This study introduces the development process and commonly used measurement methods of HALE. According to the definition of health from the Global Burden of Disease Study and World Health Organization, physical and mental diseases such as cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, chronic respiratory diseases, diabetes, malignant tumors and depression were selected to summarize the impact of these diseases and pre-disease states on HALE. It is expected to provide a theoretical basis for the formulation of relevant public health policies and the improvement of quality of life in China.


Subject(s)
Humans , Healthy Life Expectancy , Quality of Life , Life Expectancy , Causality , Social Class
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985457

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the relationship between serum lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) level and the health index of the elderly. Methods: A total of 251 subjects were selected from the 2016 baseline survey of the Yongfu Longevity Cohort in Guangxi Province among whom 66, 63 and 122 were in the young and middle-aged group (≤59 years old), the young group (60-89 years old) and the longevity group (≥90 years old), respectively. Demographic data were collected and related indicators of height, weight, blood pressure and lipid metabolism were measured. The cognitive and physical functions of the elderly were assessed by the results of the simple mental state scale and the daily living activity scale to construct the health index of the elderly. The serum levels of LPC16∶0, LPC18∶0, LPC18∶1 and LPC18∶2 were determined by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, and the differences among different ages and health status groups were compared. The logistic regression model was used to analyze the relationship between the serum LPC level and the health index of the elderly. Results: With the increase in age, the proportion of female subjects increased, and the rate of smoking and drinking decreased. BMI, TC, TG, LDL-C, diastolic blood pressure, and the four LPCs levels decreased with the increase of age, and systolic blood pressure levels increased with the increase of age (all P values<0.05). There was no significant difference in HDL-C levels among age groups (P>0.05). With the decline of health status in the elderly, serum levels of LPC16∶0, LPC18∶0, LPC18∶1 and LPC18∶2 showed a downward trend (all P values<0.001). After adjusting for age and gender, only LPC18∶0 was associated with the health status in old age [OR (95%CI): 0.48 (0.25-0.92)]. For every 1 standard deviation (16.87 nmol/L) increase in serum LPC18∶0 concentration, the risk of poor health status in old age decreased by 52%. Conclusion: Serum LPC18∶0 was associated with the health status in old age independent of age and sex.


Subject(s)
Aged , Middle Aged , Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Lysophosphatidylcholines , Risk Factors , China , Longevity , Surveys and Questionnaires , Triglycerides
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 339-350, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965704

ABSTRACT

Decoction is a classical dosage form of traditional Chinese medicines. In the process of decocting, various complex components produce physical interactions and chemical reactions, among which physical interactions include van der Waals force, hydrogen bond, electrostatic interaction, π-π stacking, etc., and chemical reactions include Maillard reaction, oxidation reaction, hydrolysis reaction, degradation reaction, polymerization reaction, etc. New substances and original ingredients from chemical reactions can be further activated. These effects form the basis of particle formation in the broth. The sizes of the particles in decoctions range from nanoscale to micron scale, mostly composed of polysaccharide, protein matrix, wrapped in water insoluble molecules, can increase the dispersion of insoluble components and the stability of unstable components, as well as reduce the volatile components and toxic components of volatile components, and ultimately achieve the purpose of efficient absorption and toxicity reduction. From the angle of physical change and chemical reaction in the process of decoction, this paper expounds the formation mechanism of particles in decoction, expounds the research method of particles, analyzes the components in particles and the interaction between components, and then explains the pharmacodynamic characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine decoction, which provides the foundation for the modernization of Chinese decoction.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004099

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection combined with pregabalin on pain and knee function in knee osteoarthritis (KOA). 【Methods】 A total of 220 patients with KOA in our hospital, between June 2020 and April 2022, were enrolled and randomly divided into observation group (n=110) and the control (n=110). The observation group was given PRP injection combined with pregabalin, while control group was given sodium hyaluronate combined with pregabalin. The clinical curative effect, osteoarthritis index (WOMAC), pain level (VAS), knee function [Lysholm-Ⅱ scale, Rasmussen scale], levels of repair-promoting factors [transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4), insulin growth factor 1 (IGF-1)], inflammatory factors [interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α)], oxidative stress indexes [superoxide dismutase (SOD), nitric oxide (NO)] and blood routine [white blood cell count (WBC), platelet count (Plt)], and the occurrence of adverse reactions in the two groups were compared. 【Results】 The response rate of treatment was higher in observation group than control group [94.55% (104/110) vs 83.64% (92/110), P0.05). There was no significant difference in incidence of adverse reactions between the two groups (P>0.05). 【Conclusion】 PRP injection combined with pregabalin can effectively improve knee function, relieve pain, reduce levels of inflammatory factors and oxidative stress injury, and promote the expressions of repair-promoting factors in KOA patients.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916996

ABSTRACT

Background@#Domestic yaks are the most important livestock species on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Adult female yaks normally breed in the warm season (July to September) and enter anestrous in the cold season (November to April). Nevertheless, it is unclear how ovarian activity is regulated at the molecular level. @*Objectives@#The peculiarities of yak reproduction were assessed to explore the molecular mechanism of postpartum anestrus ovaries in yaks after pregnancy and parturition. @*Methods@#Sixty female yaks with calves were observed under natural grazing in Haiyan County, Qinghai Province. Three yak ovaries in pregnancy and postpartum anestrus were collected. RNA sequencing and quantitative proteomics were employed to analyze the pregnancy and postpartum ovaries after hypothermia to identify the genes and proteins related to the postpartum ovarian cycle. @*Results@#The results revealed 841 differentially expressed genes during the postpartum hypoestrus cycle; 347 were up-regulated and 494 genes were down-regulated. Fifty-seven differential proteins were screened: 38 were up-regulated and 19 were down-regulated. The differential genes and proteins were related to the yak reproduction process, rhythm process, progesterone-mediated oocyte maturation, PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, and MAPK signaling pathway categories. @*Conclusions@#Transcriptome and proteomic sequencing approaches were used to investigate postpartum anestrus and pregnancy ovaries in yaks. The results confirmed that BHLHE40, SF1IX1, FBPX1, HSPCA, LHCGR, BMP15, and ET-1R could affect postpartum hypoestrus and control the state of estrus.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955445

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression and prognostic value of glycolytic metabolism related methyltransferase-like 3 (METTL3) in resectable primary liver cancer.Methods:The METTL3 mRNA expression data, clinicopathological data and prognostic information of 364 patients with primary liver cancer and 50 healthy normal liver tissues were downloaded from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, and gene set enrichment analysis was performed. Then the tissue samples of 239 patients with primary liver cancer who underwent radical hepatectomy in Chongqing Armed Police Corps Hospital from January 2016 to may 2019 were selected. Among them, 110 cases contained matched normal liver tissue adjacent to the cancer. The expression of METTL3 protein was detected by immunohistochemical staining. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was drawn, and log-rank test was used for comparison; Cox proportional hazard model was used to evaluate the risk factors affecting the prognosis in patients with primary liver cancer.Results:TCGA database analysis result showed that the expression level of METTL3 mRNA in liver cancer tissue was significantly higher than that in normal liver tissue: 3.72 (3.19, 4.03) vs. 2.45 (2.11, 2.68), and there was statistical difference ( P = 0.007); Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis result showed that the median overall survival time and disease-free survival time in patients with high expression of METTL3 mRNA were significantly shorter than those in patients with low expression of METTL3 mRNA (43.0 months vs. 72.0 months and 22.0 months vs. 38.0 months, HR = 1.7 and 1.4, P = 0.002 and 0.024). Gene set enrichment analysis result showed that METTL3 mRNA was related to impaired glucose metabolism. In the clinical sample study, the positive expression rate of METTL3 protein in liver cancer tissue was significantly higher than that in normal liver tissue adjacent to cancer: 54.55% (60/110) vs. 14.55% (16/110), and there was statistical difference ( χ2 = 38.92, P<0.01). Among 239 patients with primary liver cancer, 132 cases (55.23%) had positive expression of METTL3 protein in liver cancer tissue, and 107 cases had negative expression. Compared with METTL3 protein negative patients, METTL3 protein positive patients had higher body mass index; higher TNM stage, BCLC stage and tissue grade; more lesions; larger tumor sizes; more common satellite nodules; higher leukocyte count, platelet count and neutrophil count, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.05 or <0.01). Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis result showed that the median overall survival time and disease-free survival time in patients with METTL3 protein positive were significantly shorter than those in patients with METTL3 negative (18.0 months vs. 38.0 months and 13.0 months vs. 27.0 months, P<0.01). Univariate and multivariate Cox analysis result showed that METTL3 protein positive in liver cancer tissue was an independent risk factor affecting overall survival time and disease-free survival time ( HR = 1.840 and 2.096, 95% CI 1.298 to 2.608 and 1.469 to 2.991, P<0.01). Conclusions:METTL3 is involved in glycolytic metabolism of primary liver cancer, and can be used as a promising biomarker to evaluate the prognosis of patients with primary liver cancer.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014972

ABSTRACT

AIM: To improve the quality, efficiency, standardization and prospective management of ethical review of drug clinical trials in our hospital through the information system construction of ethical review of drug clinical trials. METHODS: The entire information system was designed based on the cloud architecture, enabling all ethics review applicants and ethics committees to use the same system for online registration and online business, which provided an information solution for the business model of regional ethics committees and multi-center ethics mutual recognition. RESULTS: Through the construction of ethical review platform of cloud architecture, the paperless and electronic management of ethical data have been realized, and online meeting review, tracking review and remote video conference have been realized on mobile and computer terminals. CONCLUSION: The information construction of ethical review system improves the efficiency and management level of ethical review in drug clinical trials.

12.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 284-288, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872678

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To ex plore the improvement effects of small-molecule glucagon-like peptide- 1 receptor(GLP-1R) agonists(6,7-dichloro-2-methylsulfonyl-3-N-tert-butylaminoquinoxaline,DMB)on osteoporosis model mice. METHODS :C57BL/ 6J mice were randomly divided into sham operation group ,model group ,positive control group (17β-estradiol,10 μg/kg)and DMB group (1 mg/kg),with 10 mice in each group. The sham operation group received bilateral laparotomy without ovariectomy , and the other groups received bilateral ovariectomy to reproduce the osteoporosis model. At 4th week after operation ,sham operation group and model group were given constant volume of florence oil intragastrically ;administration groups were given relevant medicine intragastrically ,once a day ,for consecutive 8 weeks. After last medication ,Micro-CT was used to detect the femur microstructure ,bone mineral density (BMD),bone mineral content (BMC)and bone morphometric parameters [bone tissue volume fraction (BV/TV),trabecular thickness (Tb.Th),trabecular number (TB.N)and trabecular spacing (Tb.Sp)]. ELISA assay was used to detect the expression of bone formation indexes [bone specific alkaline phosphatase (BALP),osteoprotegerin(OPG)] and bone resorption indexes [tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP)and C-terminal cross-linked peptide of type Ⅰ collagen (CTX-Ⅰ)]. Three-point bending test was used to detect biomechanical parameters (maximum load ,stiffness,stress and Young ’s modulus)of femur of mice in each group. RESULTS :In sham operation group ,trabeculae were numerous ,thick,complete in morphological structure ,well-organized and reticular ;bone Δ 基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(No.81402931);陕西省 重点研发计划项目(No.2017SF-261);西安医学院 2016年博士科研启 microstructure and bone mass were normal. Compared with 动基金项目(No.2016DOC27) sham operation group , the number of trabecular bone *讲师,博士。研究方向 :分子药理学 。E-mail:zhouying209@ decreased,the thickness became thinner ,twisted or broken , 163.com and the trabecular space increased ;the bone microstructure ·284· China Pharmacy 2021Vol. 32 No. 3 中国药房 2021年第32卷第3期 deteriorated and the bone m ass decreased ;BMD,BMC,BV/TV,Tb.Th,Tb.N and biomechanical parameters of femur were decreased significantly ,while Tb.Sp and serum levels of BLAP ,OPG,TRAP and CTX- Ⅰ were increased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with model group ,the bone mass of positive control group and DMB group were increased ,while the number,thickness and shape of trabecular bone partially recovered ;BMD,BMC,BV/TV,Tb.Th,Tb.N and biomechanical parameters of femur were increased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01);Tb.Sp,serum levels of BLAP and OPG were increased significantly (P<0.01), while the levels of TRAP and CTX- Ⅰ were decreased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS:DMB can improve osteoporosis by increasing bone mass ,improving bone microstructure ,increasing the expression of bone formation related indexes and biomechanical parameters and decreasing bone resorption related indexes.

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 292-301, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878038

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Generic drugs are bioequivalent to their brand-name counterparts; however, concerns still exist regarding the effectiveness and safety of generic drugs because of small sample sizes and short follow-up time in most studies. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term antihypertensive efficacy, cost-effectiveness and cardiovascular outcomes of generic drugs compared with brand-name drugs.@*METHODS@#In a multicenter, community-based study including 7955 hypertensive patients who were prospectively followed up for an average of 2.5 years, we used the propensity-score-matching method to match the patients using brand-name drugs to those using generic drugs in a ratio of 1:2, 2176 patients using brand-name drugs and 4352 patients using generic drugs.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences between generic drugs and brand-name drugs in blood pressure (BP)-lowering efficacy, BP control rate, and cardiovascular outcomes including coronary heart disease and stroke. The adjusted mean (95% confidence interval [CI]) of systolic BP (SBP)-lowering was -7.9 mmHg (95% CI, -9.9 to -5.9) in the brand-name drug group and -7.1 mmHg (95% CI, -9.1 to -5.1) in the generic drug group after adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, number of antihypertensive drugs and traditionally cardiovascular risk factors. Among patients aged <60 years, brand-name drugs had a higher BP control rate (47% vs. 41%; P = 0.02) and a greater effect in lowering SBP compared with generic drugs, with the between-group difference of 1.5 mmHg (95% CI, 0.2-2.8; P = 0.03). BP control rate was higher in male patients using brand-name drugs compared with those using generic drugs (46% vs. 40%; P = 0.01). Generic drugs treatment yielded an average annual incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of $315.4 per patient per mmHg decrease in SBP compared with brand-name drugs treatment.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our data suggested that generic drugs are suitable and cost-effective in improving hypertension management and facilitating public health benefits, especially in low- and middle-income areas.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use , Blood Pressure , China , Drugs, Generic/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934474

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a safe, effective, simple, and more economically feasible method to obtain platelet-rich plasma (PRP).Methods:Whole blood was collected from 24 patients with atrophic acne scars on the face. For the preparation of PRP, a slight modification of Choukroun's method was used. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to measure the levels of platelet derived growth factor-β(PDGF-β), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), epidermal growth factor (EGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), isulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) in normal plasma and PRP.Results:The average concentration of PDGF-β in PRP was (755.61±418.31) ng/L, which was higher than [(479.93±279.18) ng/L] in normal plasma ( t=3.479, P<0.01). The average concentration of TGF-β1 in PRP was (2267.00±1223.68), which was higher than [(1535.50±910.91) ng/L] in normal plasma ( t=7.082, P<0.01). The average concentration of EGF in PRP was (30.70±12.39) ng/L, which was higher than [(20.77±10.31) ng/L] in normal plasma ( t=6.899, P<0.01). The average concentration of VEGF in PRP was (25.42±17.69) ng/L, which was higher than [(12.01±7.77) ng/L] in normal plasma ( t=5.230, P<0.01). The average concentration of bFGF was (17.85±7.17) ng/L, which was higher than [(10.90±4.73) ng/L] in normal plasma ( t=6.050, P<0.01). The average concentration of IGF-1 was (201.22±36.80) ng/ml, which was higher than [(174.90±33.80) ng/ml] in normal plasma ( t=3.760, P<0.01). Conclusions:Compared to normal plasma, modified PRP contains higher levels of growth factors. The modified method is a reliable option for liquid PRP, especially applicable for invasive cosmetic laser surgery to promote wound repair.

15.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2020 May; 16(2): 356-364
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213825

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to classify hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) according to their diameter using statistic technology and evaluate the prognosis of the classified groups after the combined use of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA). Materials and Methods: Electronic medical records of 128 consecutive patients who underwent TACE-RFA as the initial treatment for HCC from January 2010 to April 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. TACE was initially performed with subsequent RFA performed after 3–7 days. The decision tree model was used to classify overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), local recurrence rate (LRR), and treatment complications in HCC. Results: The tumors were divided into three groups of sizes ≤2.9 cm, 2.9–4.8 cm, and >4.8 cm. The group of tumors >4.8 cm showed inferior OS, PFS, and LRR than the other two groups (P < 0.05) on long-term follow-up but not in thefirst 6 months (P > 0.05). The groups of tumors ≤2.9 cm and 2.9–4.8 cm showed no statistically significant difference in OS, PFS, and LRR (P > 0.05). Conclusions: The cutoff points of 2.9 and 4.8 cm were achieved using the objective decision tree model rather than the artificial division of 3 and 5 cm. The prognosis was not significantly different between the groups of tumors ≤2.9 cm and 2.9–4.8 cm, and the prognosis of the two groups was better than the group of tumors >4.8 cm in the long-term follow-up but not in thefirst 6 months

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873521

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To examine whether polymorphisms of histone deacetylase( HDACs) and environment factors can be implicated in type 2 diabetes mellitus ( T2DM) ,and to provide evidence for the prevention and treatment of T2DM. Methods In 2017,T2DM patients and controls were selected from 17 villages in Huadu District,Guangzhou. According the Diagnostic criteria for T2DM,the case group of T2DM was matched with control group from the population diagnosed as normal by gender,age no more than 5 years old,and from the same natural village. Conditional logistic regression model was used to analyze the effect of gene and environment and their interaction on T2DM. Results The average age of 499 cases group were ( 61.53±13.08) years old,and the average age of 499 controls group were ( 61.48±13.09) years old. There were no statistic difference between two groups. Furthermore,the two groups were gender-balanced too. In conditional logistic regression model,we found that glycerin trilau- rate ( TG) abnormalities ( OR= 2.410,95% CI: 1.755-3.310,P<0.001) and cholesterol total ( TC) ab- normalities ( OR= 1.436,95% CI: 1.046-1.972,P = 0.025) were risk factors for T2DM. The subjects carries rs72792338 TC+TT genotype ( OR= 0.526,95% CI: 0.349-0.793,P= 0.002) had lower the risk to develop T2DM. Conclusions Abnormal TG and TC are risk factors for T2DM. Rs72792338 TT and TC genotype carryings decrease the risk of T2DM.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862667

ABSTRACT

Objective::To observe the effect of modified Erxian decoction on the physical condition, pain in the lower back and joints, limb activity, bone density, bone metabolism and biochemical indexes in patients with osteoporosis caused by Yang deficiency, in order to explore the possible mechanism. Method::Totally 100 cases of osteoporosis with Yang deficiency were randomly divided into treatment group and control group, with 50 cases in each group. The control group was treated with basic anti-osteoporosis therapy, and the treatment group was give modified Erxian decoction combined with basic therapy for 6 weeks. Short physical performance battery (SPPB) scores of low back and joint pain and Yang deficiency symptom score before and after treatment were recorded and analyzed. before and after treatment, the changes of blood serum calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), L1-4, femoral neck bone mineral density(BMD), osteocalcin (BGP) and type I collagen peptide amino end level (P1NP) were measured. Result::The scores of lumbar back and joint pain, Yang deficiency symptom score, limb function and activity, lumbar spine 1-4 (L1-4), femoral neck BMD, Ca, P, BGP and P1NP between two groups before treatment had no statistically significant difference. After 6 weeks of treatment, limb activity score, L1-4, femoral neck BMD, serum Ca and P levels in treatment group were significantly higher than those in control group (P<0.05). The scores of the pain in the lower back and joints, Yang deficiency symptom score, BGP and P1NP in treatment group were significantly lower than those in control group (P<0.05). Conclusion::Modified Erxian decoction can significantly alleviate the pain in the lower back and joints of patients with osteoporosis caused by Yang deficiency, enhance the limb function and activity status, improve the physical condition and bone density of patients, reduce bone conversion, with a good effect in treating and alleviating symptoms of osteoporosis caused by Yang deficiency.

18.
Biol. Res ; 52: 9, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011411

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Fava beans (FBs) have long been used as food, and their principal disadvantage is derived from their haemotoxicity. We hypothesized that FB ingestion alters the intestinal gene expression pattern, thereby inducing an immune response. RESULTS: In-depth sequence analysis identified 769 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) associated with the intestine in FB-treated DBA/1 mouse intestines. The identified genes were shown to be associated with biological processes (such as response to stimulus and immune system processes), human disease pathways (such as infectious diseases, endocrine and metabolic diseases, and immune diseases), and organismal system pathways (such as the digestive system, endocrine system, environmental adaptation, and immune system). Moreover, plasma total immunoglobulin E (IgE), histamine, interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-13 levels were significantly increased when the mice were treated with FBs. CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrated that FBs affect the intestinal immune response and IgE and cytokine secretion in DBA/1 mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Vicia faba/adverse effects , Immunity, Humoral/immunology , Intestinal Mucosa/immunology , Signal Transduction , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Gene Expression Profiling , Vicia faba/immunology , Favism/etiology , Mice, Inbred DBA
19.
Acupuncture Research ; (6): 659-662, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844262

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at "Zusanli" (ST36) and "Xuanzhong" (GB39) on joint inflammatory reactions and serum matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) and MMP-9 contents in rats with adjuvant arthritis (AA), so as to explore its mechanism underlying improvement of AA. METHODS: Forty male SD rats were randomly divided into control, model, acupoint and non-acupoint groups (n=10 in each group). The arthritis model was established by hypodermic injection of complete Freund's adjuvant (0.1 mL) into the bilateral footpads. EA (2 Hz, 3 V) was applied to bilateral ST36 and GB39 or two non-acupoints (5 mm left to ST36 and GB39) for 15 min, once every other day for a total of 8 times. The arthritis index score was evaluated according to the severity of local erythema and swelling of the ankle joint, plantar joint, toe joint and foot metacarpal joint (0-4 points). The inflammatory conditions of the ankle joint were observed by H.E. staining, and the contents of serum MMP-3 and MMP-9 were assayed by ELISA. RESULTS: The arthritis index score and serum concentrations of MMP-3 and MMP-9 were significantly increased in the model group relevant to the control group (P<0.01), and obviously decreased after EA intervention on the 18th day (P<0.01). The therapeutic effect of acupoint EA was notably superior to non-acupoint EA in down-regulating the arthritis index score and serum MMP-3 and MMP-9 concentrations (P<0.01). Under light microscope, marked proliferation of the synovial cells, inflammatory cell infiltration and increase of newly blood vessels were observed in the ankle joint of the model group, which was relatively milder in the acupoint group. CONCLUSION: acupoint EA intervention can significantly alleviate the inflammatory reaction of AA rats, which may be related to its effects in reducing the levels of serum MMP-3 and MMP-9.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818988

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effectiveness of snail control between immersion of molluscicides through tide diversion and mollusciciding by spraying in marshland areas. Methods Immersion of 26% suspension concentrate of metaldehyde and niclosamide through tide diversion and spraying 26% suspension concentrate of metaldehyde and niclosamide alone were employed for snail control in two neighboring snail-breeding marshlands, and snails were surveyed before and after mollusciciding. The mortality of snails and the density of living snails were estimated. Results The density of living snails reduced by 72.19% and 100.00% 1 and 2 years after immersion of 26% suspension concentrate of metaldehyde and niclosamide through tide diversion, and 5.93% and 18.15% 1 and 2 years after spraying 26% suspension concentrate of metaldehyde and niclosamide alone. Conclusion Immersion of 26% suspension concentrate of metaldehyde and niclosamide through tide diversion is significantly superior to spraying 26% suspension concentrate of metaldehyde and niclosamide along for snail control, and implementation of immersion of 26% suspension concentrate of metaldehyde and niclosamide through tide diversion for more than 2 successive years may achieve a higher snail control efficiency.

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