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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906215

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically study the chemical components of Qianyang Yuyin granules and explore its main pharmacodynamic substances and mechanism in the prevention and treatment of hypertensive renal damage. Method:Liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC/Q-TOF-MS) was employed to comprehensively analyze the chemical components of Qianyang Yuyin granules. Agilent Poroshell 120 SB-C<sub>18</sub> column (3.0 mm×100 mm, 2.7 μm) was used, flow rate was 0.4 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>, electrospray ionization (ESI) was applied and operated in positive and negative ion modes, the acquisition range was <italic>m</italic>/<italic>z</italic> 25-1 000. Mobile phase in positive ion mode consisted of water+10 mmol·L<sup>-1</sup> ammonium formate+0.125% formic acid+0.1% methanol (A)-[acetonitrile-water (9∶1)+10 mmol·L<sup>-1</sup> ammonium formate+0.125% formic acid] (B), and in negative ion mode consisted of water+10 mmol·L<sup>-1</sup> ammonium formate+0.1% methanol (A)-[acetonitrile-water (9∶1)+10 mmol·L<sup>-1</sup> ammonium formate] (B) with the gradient elution (0-3.5 min, 5%B; 3.5-4 min, 5%-10%B; 4-9 min, 10%-25%B; 9-18 min, 25%-30%B; 18-25 min, 30%-50%B; 25-27 min, 50%-90%B; 27-32 min, 90%B; 32-33 min, 90%-5%B; 33-39 min, 5%B). According to the information of the accurate mass, the multistage fragment ions, the mass spectrometric data of the standard substances and the relative reference literature, the structures of the chemical components in Qianyang Yuyin granules were identified. Based on the identified components, network pharmacology study, including target prediction and functional enrichment was applied to screen out the main active substances against hypertensive renal damage, and explore the potential mechanism. Result:A total of 99 chemical components were identified, from which 43 active substances and 48 key targets were screened out. The key components contained kaempferol, quercetin, ferulic acid, luteolin, caffeic acid methyl ester, cinnamic acid, aloe-emodin, emodin, gallic acid, <italic>N</italic>-<italic>trans</italic>-feruloyltyramine, isoorientin, 8-<italic>O</italic>-feruloylharpagide, ethyl caffeate, isookanin, cyasterone, 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-<italic>O</italic>-<italic>β</italic>-<italic>D</italic>-glucopyranoside, loganin, alisol B-23-acetate and harpagide. The key targets included vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), serine/threonine protein kinase 1 (AKT1), Jun proto-oncogene (JUN), etc. Conclusion:Qianyang Yuyin granules mainly exert the effects of removing heat from the liver, tonifying the kidney and removing blood stasis via modulation of vascular endothelium, angiogenesis, inflammatory reaction, oxidative stress, immune response and so on.

2.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 684-688,f3-f4, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863406

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze how the surface marker of breast cancer stem cell related to chemotherapy resistance and postoperative recurrence.Methods:The GEO public database GSE25066 and GSE32603 were used to extract clinical data including pathological evaluation of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, postoperative follow-up recurrence and recurrence time, and the expression levels of the following 18 breast cancer stem cell marker genes were extracted: CD44, CD24, EPCAM, CD49f, PROM1, CD61, ALDH1A1, CD10, ALDH1A3, ABCG2, RANK, CD47, CD166, SLUG, SOX2, SXO9, SOX10, MYC. A total of 488 patients with GSE25066 were divided into pathology compete response(pCR) group ( n=99) and residual disease (RD) group ( n=389) according to the pathological analysis. Another 418 patients with complete recurrence data was divided into recurrence group ( n=111) and non-recurrence group ( n=307), they were used for prognosis analysis. The effects of each tumor stem cell marker on chemotherapy sensitivity and tumor recurrence were analyzed by logistic, lasso and COX regression. The gene expression level of GSE32603 before and after neoadjuvant chemotherapy were used to analyze the changes after neoadjuvant chemotherapy in 166 patients, to determine the enrichment effect of chemotherapy on stem cells. Results:In chemotherapy response analysis, tumor stem cell markers CD44( OR=0.78, 95% CI: 0.63-0.98) and SANI2 ( OR=0.80, 95% CI: 0.68-0.93) were negatively correlated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy sensitivity, and CD24( OR=1.18, 95% CI: 0.97-1.47) was positively correlated with chemosensitivity. In the recurrence correlation analysis, the patients with CD44 + ( OR=1.22, 95% CI: 0.98-1.51), CD24 low( OR=0.94, 95% CI: 0.79-1.11) and SANI2( OR=1.17, 95% CI: 1.00-1.37) expression have a high recurrence rate. As chemotherapy progressed, the MME, CD49f, SOX10, MYC, and SOX9 ( P<0.05) showed an enrichment process. Conclusions:Breast cancer stem cell markers CD44 + CD24 - and SLUG can be used to predict the efficacy of neoadjuvant chemotherapy and recurrence after tumor treatment. They are relatively stable marker for studying breast cancer stem cells.

3.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 326-328, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863330

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of radiofrequency ablation in breast conserving surgery with breast carcinoma.Methods:With retrospective research methods, a total of 230 patients who were treated with radiofrequency ablation after breast conserving surgery in Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2016 to September 2018 were selected, patients were all females, the median age was 56 yecers, ranged from 27 to 91 years, and the postoperative efficacy, patients′ satisfaction with their appearance and complications were outpatient follow-up.Results:Follow-up for 18 months showed that 2 (0.87%) patients had postoperative recurrence and metastasis, 217 (94.35%) patients were satisfied with the postoperative breast appearance, and 8 patients (3.48%) had skin burns and in- situ sclerosing. Conclusions:Radiofrequency ablation is used in breast conserving surgery, which is simple to operate and has a low incidence of complications. It can strengthen local tumor control and improve the cosmetic effect of breast after conserving surgery, worthy of clinical promotion.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863266

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of radiofrequency ablation in breast-conserving surgery followed neoadjuvant chemotherapy.Methods Retrospective analysis of 30 cases of breast cancer patients admitted to Beijing Friendship Hospital,Capital Medical University from April 2015 to September 2018.The average age was 54.3 years and the range was 28 to 70 years.For breast invasive ductal cancer,patients underwent breast-conserving surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy,and then received radiofrequency ablation.The clinical and pathological characteristics,postoperative complications,recurrence and metastasis,and cosmetic effects were observed.Results All 30 patients with breast-conserving surgery successfully completed radiofrequency ablation.The average outpatient follow-up was 22.5 months,ranging from 2 to 43 months,without local recurrence or metastasis;skin burns occurred in 2 cases (6.67%),and solid nodules formed in situ in 6 cases (20.00%);cosmetic satisfaction rate was 86.67% (26/30).Conclusions The radiofrequency ablation techniques applied in breast-conserving surgery have a high rate of technical success with relative low complication rates.And the radiofrequency ablation techniques may improve the cosmetic results after breast-conserving surgery and enhance local control.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799273

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the efficacy of radiofrequency ablation in breast-conserving surgery followed neoadjuvant chemotherapy.@*Methods@#Retrospective analysis of 30 cases of breast cancer patients admitted to Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from April 2015 to September 2018. The average age was 54.3 years and the range was 28 to 70 years. For breast invasive ductal cancer, patients underwent breast-conserving surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and then received radiofrequency ablation. The clinical and pathological characteristics, postoperative complications, recurrence and metastasis, and cosmetic effects were observed.@*Results@#All 30 patients with breast-conserving surgery successfully completed radiofrequency ablation. The average outpatient follow-up was 22.5 months, ranging from 2 to 43 months, without local recurrence or metastasis; skin burns occurred in 2 cases (6.67%), and solid nodules formed in situ in 6 cases (20.00%); cosmetic satisfaction rate was 86.67% (26/30).@*Conclusions@#The radiofrequency ablation techniques applied in breast-conserving surgery have a high rate of technical success with relative low complication rates. And the radiofrequency ablation techniques may improve the cosmetic results after breast-conserving surgery and enhance local control.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905593

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of sling exercise therapy combined with Kinesio Taping on the balance and walking for stroke patients. Methods:From October, 2017 to August, 2018, 66 patients after stroke were randomly divided into routine group (n = 22), sling group (n = 22) and combined group (n = 22). All the groups accepted routine rehabilitation, while the sling group accepted sling exercise therapy based on routine group and the combined group accepted sling exercise therapy and Kinesio Taping. They were assessed with Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Lower Extremities (FMA-LE), and their gait parameters were measured with Motion Analysis, before and four weeks after treatment. Results:There were obvious improvements in the BBS score, FMA-LE score and gait parameters in all the groups after treatment (P < 0.05), and it was ranked from better to worse as the combined group, the sling group and the routine group (P < 0.05). Conclusion:Sling exercise therapy combined with Kinesio Taping may further improve balance and walking for stroke patients.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905570

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of sling exercise therapy combined with Kinesio Taping on the balance and walking for stroke patients. Methods:From October, 2017 to August, 2018, 66 patients after stroke were randomly divided into routine group (n = 22), sling group (n = 22) and combined group (n = 22). All the groups accepted routine rehabilitation, while the sling group accepted sling exercise therapy based on routine group and the combined group accepted sling exercise therapy and Kinesio Taping. They were assessed with Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Lower Extremities (FMA-LE), and their gait parameters were measured with Motion Analysis, before and four weeks after treatment. Results:There were obvious improvements in the BBS score, FMA-LE score and gait parameters in all the groups after treatment (P < 0.05), and it was ranked from better to worse as the combined group, the sling group and the routine group (P < 0.05). Conclusion:Sling exercise therapy combined with Kinesio Taping may further improve balance and walking for stroke patients.

8.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 725-735, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775493

ABSTRACT

An important and unresolved question is how human brain regions process information and interact with each other in intertemporal choice related to gains and losses. Using psychophysiological interaction and dynamic causal modeling analyses, we investigated the functional interactions between regions involved in the decision-making process while participants performed temporal discounting tasks in both the gains and losses domains. We found two distinct intrinsic valuation systems underlying temporal discounting in the gains and losses domains: gains were specifically evaluated in the medial regions, including the medial prefrontal and orbitofrontal cortices, and losses were evaluated in the lateral dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. In addition, immediate reward or punishment was found to modulate the functional interactions between the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and distinct regions in both the gains and losses domains: in the gains domain, the mesolimbic regions; in the losses domain, the medial prefrontal cortex, anterior cingulate cortex, and insula. These findings suggest that intertemporal choice of gains and losses might involve distinct valuation systems, and more importantly, separate neural interactions may implement the intertemporal choices of gains and losses. These findings may provide a new biological perspective for understanding the neural mechanisms underlying intertemporal choice of gains and losses.


Subject(s)
Adult , Brain , Diagnostic Imaging , Physiology , Brain Mapping , Delay Discounting , Physiology , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Neural Pathways , Diagnostic Imaging , Physiology , Neuropsychological Tests , Psychophysics , Reward , Young Adult
9.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 88-92, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664336

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize clinical experience and explore application value of endoscopic clipping with histoacryl using in management of type 2 gastroesophageal varices. Methods Clinical data of 30 patients with type 2 gastroesophageal varices patients (including acute hemorrhage and primary prevention) from May 2015 to December 2016 were collected. Then evaluate therapeutic effect and safety of endoscopic clipping adjuvant therapy. Results Average glue dosage was (1.46 ± 0.70) ml, average using of clips were (5 ~ 6), and intraoperative needle pulling hemorrhage occurred in 2 cases. 14 patients (46.7%) underwent endoscopic re-examination, 3 patients (10.0%) achieved varicose vein elimination, 11 cases (36.7%) remained residual. Rebleeding occurred in 4 cases (13.3%), and 2 cases died (6.7%), one because of postoperative hematemesis and hemorrhagic shock, the other one died of spontaneous peritonitis and septic shock. For general curative effect, 2 cases (6.7%) were healed, 22 cases (73.3%) were improved, and 6 cases were unhealed (20.0%, 4 cases occurred rebleeding, 2 cases died); 17 cases underwent CT portal venograpy, abnormal embolization was not found in any patients, glue extrusion bleeding occurred in 1 case (3.3%), no patients had severe postoperative complications. Conclusion Endoscopic clipping with histoacryl can be used in the prevention and treatment of type 2 gastroesophageal varices to improve the treatment effect and reduce postoperative bleeding risk, may have good clinical practice value.

10.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 392-396,封3, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616791

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical efficacy of the laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery combined with radiofrequency ablation to treat the early-stage breast cancer.Methods We collected 55 patients diagnosed early-stage breast cancer in retrospect,which started from January 2014 to December 2016.Twenty-seven of them were performed the laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery combined with radiofrequency ablation while others went through laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery without radiofrequency ablation.Meanwhile,we adopted the student t-test and the chi-square test to compare results of two groups.More specific,the main indexes of this study are including the post-operative local recurrence,the incidence of fat liquefaction or the incision-infection,operation time,post-operative hospital stay and the hospitalization expense.Results The laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery combined with radiofrequency ablation group had low local-recurrence than the laparoscopic breastconserving surgery group (0 and 7.69%).Additionally,there were no statistical differences between two groups in the incidence of fat liquefaction.However,The laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery combined with radiofrequency ablation group had more hospitalization expense than the laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery group [(4.1 ± 0.7) ten thousand yuan and (2.3 ± 0.6) ten thousand yuan,P < 0.05].Conclusions Although the laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery combined with radiofrequency ablation group remarkably increased the hospitalization expense because of the utility of the radiofrequency ablation related apparatus,it may provide the probability of shaving more residual tumor cell and may low down the recurrence,especially not rising up the incidence of the post-operative fat liquefaction.Therefore,this surgery method might be one of the potential developments in the minimal-invasive of early stage breast cancer.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256041

ABSTRACT

To investigate the inhibitory effect of Huangqi Danshen decoction (HDD) on isoproterenol (ISO)-induced myocardial remodeling and explore its effect on STIM1, TRPC1, CaN and NFATc3 expressions. ISO (2.5 mg•kg⁻¹•d⁻¹×14 d) was given by subcutaneous injection to establish myocardial remodeling models in rats, and then were randomly divided into control group, ISO model group, HDD5 group (HDD 5 g•kg⁻¹•d⁻¹+ISO), and HDD10 group (HDD 10 g•kg⁻¹•d⁻¹+ISO). After intervention for 4 weeks, the heart mass index (HW/BW) and the left ventricular mass index (LVW/BW) were calculated; the structure of myocardium was observed by echocardiography; the pathological changes of myocardium were observed by HE staining; levels of BNP, CaN and CaM kinases II in serum were detected by ELISA, and the protein expression levels of STIM1, TRPC1, p-CaN, p-NFATc3, and NFATc3 in left ventricular tissues were detected by Western blot. The results showed that the HW/BW and LVW/BW in ISO group were greater than those in HDD5 group and HDD10 group (P<0.05); Echocardiography showed that HDD inhibited ISO-induced increase in LVEDD and LVESD; ELISA results showed that HDD could significantly inhibit the increase of BNP, CaN and CaM kinases II levels in serum of rats with ISO-induced myocardial remodeling (P<0.01). Western blot results showed that STIM1, TRPC1, p-CaN, p-NFATc3 and NFATc3 expression levels were increased in the myocardial tissues of ISO group rats, and after HDD administration, the above expression levels were decreased in group ISO, HDD for myocardial tissue after administration of STIM1, TRPC1, p-CaN, p-NFATc3 and NFATc3 expression decreased (P<0.05). Our findings indicated that HDD can attenuate the myocardial remodeling induced by ISO, and its mechanism may be related to down-regulating the expression levels of STIM1, TRPC1, CaM kinases II, p-CaN/CaN and p-NFATc3/NFATc3.

12.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 429-432,封4, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605323

ABSTRACT

Fine needle aspiration cytopathology of the breast is an effective means of distinguishing malignant from benign,and the aspirated sample collections techniques is the primary and key part of fine needle aspiration.Fine needle aspiration cell block has been improved and used on preoperative breast cancer molecular portraits.This paper will provide an introduction to application of specimens collection techniques,application and development of fine needle aspiration cell block on preoperative breast cancer molecular portraits.

13.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 570-572, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480104

ABSTRACT

Breast calcification is a specific sign of nonpalpable early breast cancer,the accurate localization and biopsy can obviously improve the diagnosis rate of early breast cancer,and imaging-guided needle localization is the premise of accurate biopsy of breast calcification.As the recommended guidance,mammography-guided localization and biopsy has certain limitations in localizing and biopsying breast calcification,however,high-resolution uhrasound makes it possible to localize the nonpalpable calcification in breast,and which has a certain advantage.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465302

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:A high incidence of deep vein thrombosis after total hip replacement does great harm to patients,so it is necessary to look for a safe and effective prevention program after total hip replacement to reduce the harm of deep vein thrombosis.OBJECTIVE:To observe the influence of comprehensive prevention scheme on deep vein thrombosis after total hip replacement.METHODS:102 cases undergoing total hip replacement were randomly divided into observation group and control group with 51 cases in each group.Patients in the observation group received the comprehensive prevention program,which is composed of three interventions: sequential cross combined with low molecular heparin,intermittent pneumatic pressure therapy and continuous femoral nerve block analgesia.In the control group,patients received low-molecular-weight heparin for anticoagulation therapy by the doctor according to his clinical experience,or intermittent pneumatic pressure therapy.The occurrence and distribution of deep vein thrombosis were compared in patients of both groups.At the same time,platelet and hemoglobin were recorded.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:In the observation group,three patients suffered from deep vein thrombosis with an incidence of 6%.In the control group,11 patients affected deep vein thrombosis,with an incidence of 22%.There were significant differences between the two groups (P< 0.05).No significant difference in constituent ratio of the distribution of deep vein thrombosis was detected in the distal vein and proximal vein in patients of both groups (P> 0.05).Hemoglobin value was lower at 1 day after surgery compared with that pre-operation in the two groups (P<0.05).Platelet value was lower at 1 day after surgery compared with that pre-operation in the two groups (P>0.05).No significant difference in hemoglobin and platelet values was detected between two groups at 1 and 6 days after surgery (P> 0.05).Results indicated that the comprehensive prevention program containing the sequential and cross combined with low molecular heparin,intermittent pneumatic pressure therapy and continuous femoral nerve block analgesia can significantly reduce the incidence of deep vein thrombosis,and no serious complications occurred,and the effects are affirmative and reliable.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-255165

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the anticancer effect and its mechanism of SN-38 combined with sorafenib on hepatocellular cancer cell lines HepG-2 and BEL-7402.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>SRB colorimetry was employed to measure the viability of HepG-2 and BEL-7402 cells after the treatment of SN-38 with sorafenib. Propidium iodide flow cytometric assay and DAPI staining were used to evaluate the apoptosis of HCC cells. Western blotting was conducted to detect the expression level of apoptosis-related and DNA damage-related proteins.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>SRB colorimetry showed the synergistic anticancer activities of SN-38 combined with sorafenib, with a combination index of <0.9. The apoptotic rates of HepG-2 cells in control, 60 nmol/L SN-38, 2.5μmol/L sorafenib and combination groups were 4.25%±2.45%, 28.95%±10.75%, 3.49%±2.49% and 53.19%±11.21%, respectively(P<0.05). Western blotting showed that the combination of these two drugs increased the enzymolysis of PARP, Caspase-8 and Caspase-3, and promoted the expression levels of p53, p21 and γ-H2AX significantly.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SN-38 and sorafenib have synergistic anticancer activity on hepatocellular carcinoma cells in vitro with the augmentation of apoptosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Camptothecin , Pharmacology , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Pathology , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Caspase 8 , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21 , Metabolism , Histones , Metabolism , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Pathology , Niacinamide , Pharmacology , Phenylurea Compounds , Pharmacology , Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases , Metabolism , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Metabolism
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355595

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of ApoE gene polymorphism on anti-inflammatory action of Xuezhikang Capsule.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and two patients with hyperlipidemia (as the treated group) and one hundred healthy volunteers (as the control group) were enrolled in the case-control study. Total DNA of the peripheral blood was extracted and ApoE genotypes were determined by PCR sequence analysis. The serum levels of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin 6 (IL-6), and high sensitivity C reactive protein (hs-CRP)were measured in all subjects. The changes of TNF-alpha, IL-6, and hs-CRP were detected before and after 6-week Xuezhikang Capsule treatment, thus analyzing the correlation between ApoE gene polymorphism and changes of each inflammatory factor.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The frequency of E3/3 genotype was 86% (86/100 cases)in the control group, significantly higher than that of the treated group (62.7%, 64/102 cases). The frequency of E3/4 genotype was 6% (6/100 cases) in the control group, significantly lower than that of the treated group (21.6%, 22/102 cases; both P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, the serum levels of TNF-alpha, IL-6, and hs-CPR were higher in the treated group before treatment (P < 0.05). In hyperlipidemia patients with E3/4 + E4/4 genotype, the serum level of TNF-alpha was higher than that of E3/3 genotype (P < 0.05); the serum level of IL-6 was higher than that of E2/E2 + E2/E3 genotype (P < 0.05); the serum level of hs-CRP was higher than that of E2/E2 + E2/E3 and E3/E3 genotype (P < 0.05). But there was no statistical difference in the serum levels of TNF-alpha, IL-6, or hs-CPR between E3/3 and E2/E2 + E2/E3 genotype. After 6-week intervention of Xuezhikang Capsule, the serum levels of TNF-alpha, IL-6, and hs-CRP were lower in the treated group (P < 0.05), but the serum levels of TNF-alpha and IL-6 were still higher than those of the control group (P < 0.05). But there was no statistical difference in the decrement of TNF-alpha, IL-6, or hsCRP among E2/E2 + E2/E3, E3/E3, or E3/4 + E4/4 genotypes (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The distribution of ApoE gene polymorphism is different between the hyperlipidemia patients and the healthy people. Chronic inflammatory reactions exist in hyperlipidemia patients, especially in those with e4 allele. Xuezhikang Capsule showed anti-inflammatory effects, but ApoE gene polymorphism did not affect its effects.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Apolipoproteins E , Genetics , C-Reactive Protein , Metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Genotype , Humans , Hyperlipidemias , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Interleukin-6 , Blood , Male , Middle Aged , Phytotherapy , Polymorphism, Genetic , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Blood
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-291322

ABSTRACT

To observe the effect of Jiangzhikangyanghua Mixture on high-sensitivity CRP (hs-CRP) and vascular endothelial functions of essential hypertension (EH) patients. In this study, 72 cases of out-patients with EH were selected from department of cardiology of Wujin hospital of traditional Chinese Medicine, and randomly divided into the control group (n= 36, amlodipine 5 mg qd + valsartan 80 mg qd) and the test group (n =36 amlodipine 5 mg qd + valsartan 80 mg qd + Jiangzhikangyanghua mixture 20 mL tid). The contents of hs-CRP, ET-1 and NO were measured before and after treatment for two months. The result showed that the contents of hs-CRP, ET-1 in both groups reduced (P <0. 05) , while the test group show a more significant reduction than the control group (P <0. 05). After the treatment, the content of NO raised in both group, while the test group show a more significant increase than that of the control group (P <0. 05). This study indicated that Jiangzhi Kangyanghua mixture could reduce the contents of hs-CRP and ET-1 and raise NO of EH patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Antihypertensive Agents , Blood Pressure , C-Reactive Protein , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Endothelin-1 , Metabolism , Endothelium, Vascular , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Male , Middle Aged
18.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 593-596, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-326463

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe treadmill exercise test (TET) characteristics in patients with myocardial bridging (MB).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>TET results from January 2003 to December 2010 were retrospectively analyzed in 156 patients with confirmed MB diagnosis. MB patients were divided into smoking group (68 cases) and non-smoking group (88 cases). Coronary angiography results were used to analyze the relations between MB length, myocardial ischemia and exercising duration.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) MB was documented on two coronary arteries in 2 patients (1%), MB was detected in single artery in 154 patients (99%), of whom 146 cases were located at left anterior descending artery, 8 cases were located at right coronary artery. The degree of narrowing of MB was graded 1 (less than 50%) in 16 patients (10%), grade 2 (50% to 75%) in 108 patients (69%) and grade 3 (greater than 75%) in 32 patients (21%). The length of MB ranged between 4 to 40 mm, MB length was less than 10 mm in 40 patients (26%), between 11 to 20 mm in 48 patients (31%), between 21 to 30 mm in 44 patients (28%), greater than 31 mm in 24 patients (15%). (2) TET positive rate was 41% (64/156) and the TET positive rate was significantly higher in smoking group than in non-smoking group [57% (39/68) vs. 28% (25/88, P < 0.01)]. (3) The length of MB was positively related to the ST-segment depression (r = 0.723, P < 0.01) and negatively related to exercising duration (r = -0.828, P < 0.01). Heart rate was positively related to the ST-segment depression (r = 0.368, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>TET may serve as a good test to assess myocardial ischemia in patients with MB. The length of MB is positively related with myocardial ischemia and negatively related with exercising duration. Smoking might increase myocardial ischemic incidence in MB patients, MB patients should be advised to stop smoking.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Exercise Test , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Myocardial Bridging , Myocardial Ischemia , Retrospective Studies , Smoking
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341432

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate pulmonary function impairment and the spinal factors that may determine pulmonary function in patients with scoliosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seventy-eight patients with idiopathic scoliosis or congenital scoliosis and 78 age- and gender-matched healthy subjects were enrolled in this study. The radiographic parameters of spinal deformity were obtained from patients with scoliosis. Both two groups received pulmonary function tests.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Patients with scoliosis demonstrated a restrictive pattern of pulmonary function impairment with a proportional decrease in both forced expiratory volume in one second and forced vital capacity. Total lung capacity and functional residual capacity were reduced. Carbon monoxide diffusion capacity was decreased, while diffusion coefficient remained normal or slightly higher. Airway resistance and conductance were not affected. In addition, airway resistance and residual volume were found abnormal in patients with congenital scoliosis. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that three spinal factors including involved thoracic vertebrae, vertical height from C7 to S1, and Cobb angle were independently responsible for 40%-51% of total variances of forced vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in one second, total lung capacity, and functional residual capacity.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Patients with scoliosis have restrictive ventilation defects. More thoracic vertebrae involvement, lower vertical height, and larger Cobb angle are associated with severer impairment of lung volume.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Lung , Male , Radiography , Scoliosis , Pathology , Thoracic Vertebrae , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Young Adult
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299040

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the correlation between Apo E gene polymorphism and patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) of phlegm-stasis syndrome (PSS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>78 CHD patients were assigned to PSS (49 cases) and non-phlegm-stasis syndrome (NPSS). Polymorphisms of Apo E gene in 78 CHD patients and 100 healthy subjects were detected by complete DNA sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Five gene types as E3/3, E4/4, E2/ 3, E2/4, and E3/4 were detected in the two groups. The frequencies of genotype E3/3 and epsilon 3 allele were significantly lower in CHD patients than in the healthy subjects (P<0.01). But the frequencies of genotype E3/4 and epsilon 4 allele were significantly higher in CHD patients than in the healthy subjects (P<0.01). In CHD patients, the frequencies of genotype E2/4 + E3/4 + E4/4 and epsilon 4 allele were higher in PSS than in NPSS.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Apo E epsilon 4 allele was a susceptible allele to CHD, which was closely correlated to CHD PSS. It was inferred that it might be one of main susceptible alleles for CHD PSS.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Alleles , Apolipoproteins E , Genetics , Base Sequence , Case-Control Studies , Coronary Disease , Diagnosis , Genetics , Female , Genotype , Humans , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged
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