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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013345

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveMyelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) is a group of clonal hematopoietic stem cell disorders,and this study aims to investigate the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α(HIF-1α) in the bone marrow cells of patients with MDS and its correlation with the clinical features of MDS,the therapeutic efficacy of arsenic-containing Chineseherbal compound,and the survival prognosis. MethodAccording to the inclusion and exclusion criteria,27 MDS patients treated with arsenic-containing Chinese herbal compound in the Department of Hematology,Xiyuan Hospital,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences from January 2022 to September 2022 were included,and their bone marrow samples were collected by myelotomy. HIF-1α expression level in bone marrow cells was detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to analyze its correlation with clinical features,and logistic and Cox regression was used to analyze the risk factors affecting the efficacy and prognostic survival of MDS patients. ResultThe HIF-1α mRNA expression level was lower in bone marrow cells of MDS patients than in healthy subjects. HIF-1α was positively correlated with the degree of myelodysplasia(r=0.384,P<0.05) and bone marrow granulocytic system%(G%)(r=0.560,P<0.01). Logistic regression showed that HIF-1α was a risk factor for the prognosis in the follow-up of the efficacy of treatment(P<0.05)and Cox regression showed that HIF-1α was an independent factor affecting the survival prognosis of MDS patients [odds ratio(OR)=398.968,95% confidence interval(CI)(1.281,116 858.743),P<0.05]. ConclusionThe level of HIF-1α expression in bone marrow cells of MDS patients was closely related to the degree of clinical myelodysplasia and G%,and HIF-1α was a risk factor for the efficacy for and survival prognosis of MDS patients.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009507

ABSTRACT

Programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PD-L1) is an important immunosuppressive molecule, which inhibits the function of T cells and other immune cells by binding to the receptor programmed cell death-1. The PD-L1 expression disorder plays an important role in the occurrence, development, and treatment of sepsis or other inflammatory diseases, and has become an important target for the treatment of these diseases. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a kind of pluripotent stem cells with multiple differentiation potential. In recent years, MSCs have been found to have a strong immunosuppressive ability and are used to treat various inflammatory insults caused by hyperimmune diseases. Moreover, PD-L1 is deeply involved in the immunosuppressive events of MSCs and plays an important role in the treatment of various diseases. In this review, we will summarize the main regulatory mechanism of PD-L1 expression, and discuss various biological functions of PD-L1 in the immune regulation of MSCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , B7-H1 Antigen/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/immunology , T-Lymphocytes/metabolism , Immunomodulation
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981091

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine the thermic effect of food (TEF) in a Chinese mixed diet in young people.@*METHODS@#During the study, the participants were weighed and examined for body composition every morning. The total energy expenditure (TEE) of the participants was measured by the doubly labeled water method for 7 days, and during this period, basal energy expenditure was measured by indirect calorimetry and physical activity energy expenditure was measured by an accelerometer. The value obtained by subtracting basal energy expenditure and physical activity energy expenditure from TEE was used to calculate TEF.@*RESULTS@#Twenty healthy young students (18-30 years; 10 male) participated in the study. The energy intake of the participants was not significantly different from the Chinese Dietary Reference Intake of energy ( P > 0.05). The percentage of energy from protein, fat and carbohydrate were all in the normal range. The intakes of fruits, milk and dietary fiber of the participants were significantly lower than those in the Chinese Dietary Guidelines ( P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the body weight of the participants during the experiment ( P > 0.05). When adjusted for body weight, there was no significant difference in either TEE or basal energy expenditure between the male and female participants ( P > 0.05). In addition, there was no significant difference in physical activity energy expenditure and TEF between the male and female participants ( P > 0.05). The percentage of TEF in TEE was 8.73%.@*CONCLUSION@#The percentage of TEF in TEE in a Chinese mixed diet in young people was significantly lower than 10% ( P < 0.001). A value of 10% is usually considered to be the TEF in mixed diets as a percentage of TEE.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Adult , Body Composition , Body Weight , Diet , East Asian People , Energy Intake , Energy Metabolism , Exercise
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-975176

ABSTRACT

Pyroptosis, an atypical new cell death mode other than apoptosis and necrosis, has been discovered in recent years. Pyroptosis depends on the cleavage of gasdermins (GSDMs) by Caspases. The activated GSDMs act on the plasma membrane to form a perforation, which results in cell lysis and triggers inflammation and immune response. Pyroptosis can be induced by four distinct signaling pathways, including canonical and non-canonical inflammasome pathways, apoptosis-associated Caspases-mediated pathway, and granzyme pathway. In these signaling pathways, GSDMs are the executors of pyroptosis. Pyroptosis is associated with the death of tumor cells and the inflammatory damage of normal tissues. Recent studies have demonstrated that moderate pyroptosis can lead to tumor cell death to exert an anti-tumor effect, and meanwhile stimulate the tumor immune microenvironment, while it can promote tumor development. Despite the good performance, drug-based anti-tumor therapies such as tumor immunotherapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy have some shortcomings such as drug resistance, recurrence, and damage to normal tissues. The latest research shows that a variety of natural compounds have anti-tumor effects in the auxiliary treatment of tumors by mediating the pyroptosis pathways in a multi-target and multi-pathway manner, which provide new ideas for the study of anti-tumor therapy. We reviewed the molecular mechanism of pyroptosis and the regulatory role of pyroptosis in tumors and tumor immune microenvironment, and summarized the recent research progress in the natural medicinal components regulating pyroptosis in anti-tumor therapy, with a view to providing ideas for the research on the anti-tumor therapy based on pyroptosis.

5.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 662-673, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009791

ABSTRACT

Klinefelter syndrome (KS) is the most common genetic cause of human male infertility. However, the effect of the extra X chromosome on different testicular cell types remains poorly understood. Here, we profiled testicular single-cell transcriptomes from three KS patients and normal karyotype control individuals. Among the different somatic cells, Sertoli cells showed the greatest transcriptome changes in KS patients. Further analysis showed that X-inactive-specific transcript ( XIST ), a key factor that inactivates one X chromosome in female mammals, was widely expressed in each testicular somatic cell type but not in Sertoli cells. The loss of XIST in Sertoli cells leads to an increased level of X chromosome genes, and further disrupts their transcription pattern and cellular function. This phenomenon was not detected in other somatic cells such as Leydig cells and vascular endothelial cells. These results proposed a new mechanism to explain why testicular atrophy in KS patients is heterogeneous with loss of seminiferous tubules but interstitial hyperplasia. Our study provides a theoretical basis for subsequent research and related treatment of KS by identifying Sertoli cell-specific X chromosome inactivation failure.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Female , Sertoli Cells/metabolism , Klinefelter Syndrome/genetics , Endothelial Cells , Testis/metabolism , X Chromosome/metabolism , Mammals/genetics
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010294

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effect of arsenic-containing Qinghuang Powder (QHP) and low-intensity chemotherapy (LIC) in treatment of elderly acute myeloid leukemia (eAML) patients.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 80 eAML patients treated at Xiyuan Hospital of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences from January 2015 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The treatment scheme was designed by real world study according to patients' preference, and patients were divided into a QHP group (35 cases) and a LIC group (45 cases). The median overall survival (mOS), 1-, 2-, and 3-year OS rates, and incidence of adverse events were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#The mOS of 80 patients was 11 months, and the 1-, 2-, and 3-year OS rates were 45.51%, 17.96%, and 11.05%, respectively. The QHP and LIC groups demonstrated no significant difference in mOS (12 months vs. 10 months), 1- (48.57% vs. 39.65%), 2- (11.43% vs. 20.04%), and 3-year OS rates (5.71% vs. 13.27%, all P>0.05). Moreover, the related factors of mOS demonstrated no significant difference in patients with age>75 years (11 months vs. 8 months), secondary AML (11 months vs. 8 months), poor genetic prognosis (9 months vs. 7 months), Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status score ⩾ 3 (10 months vs. 7 months) and hematopoietic stem cell transplant comorbidity index ⩾ 4 (11 months vs. 7 months) between the QHP and LIC groups (all P>0.05). However, the incidence of myelosuppression was significantly lower in the QHP group than that in the LIC group (28.57% vs. 73.33%, P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#QHP and LIC had similar survival rates in eAML patients, but QHP had a lower myelosuppression incidence. Hence, QHP can be an alternative for eAML patients who do not tolerate LIC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Arsenic/therapeutic use , Powders/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Prognosis , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use
7.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 123-136, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971616

ABSTRACT

NDFIP1 has been previously reported as a tumor suppressor in multiple solid tumors, but the function of NDFIP1 in NSCLC and the underlying mechanism are still unknown. Besides, the WW domain containing proteins can be recognized by NDFIP1, resulted in the loading of the target proteins into exosomes. However, whether WW domain-containing transcription regulator 1 (WWTR1, also known as TAZ) can be packaged into exosomes by NDFIP1 and if so, whether the release of this oncogenic protein via exosomes has an effect on tumor development has not been investigated to any extent. Here, we first found that NDFIP1 was low expressed in NSCLC samples and cell lines, which is associated with shorter OS. Then, we confirmed the interaction between TAZ and NDFIP1, and the existence of TAZ in exosomes, which requires NDFIP1. Critically, knockout of NDFIP1 led to TAZ accumulation with no change in its mRNA level and degradation rate. And the cellular TAZ level could be altered by exosome secretion. Furthermore, NDFIP1 inhibited proliferation in vitro and in vivo, and silencing TAZ eliminated the increase of proliferation caused by NDFIP1 knockout. Moreover, TAZ was negatively correlated with NDFIP1 in subcutaneous xenograft model and clinical samples, and the serum exosomal TAZ level was lower in NSCLC patients. In summary, our data uncover a new tumor suppressor, NDFIP1 in NSCLC, and a new exosome-related regulatory mechanism of TAZ.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/metabolism , Carrier Proteins/metabolism , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Exosomes/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Transcriptional Coactivator with PDZ-Binding Motif Proteins/metabolism
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971499

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mechanism of shikonin-induced death of human hepatocellular carcinoma SMMC-7721 cells.@*METHODS@#Cultured SMMC-7721 cells and normal hepatocytes (L-02 cells) were treated with 4, 8, or 16 μmol/L shikonin, and the changes in cell viability was assessed using MTT assay. The levels of ATP and lactic acid in the cell cultures were detected using commercial kits. Co-immunoprecipitation and immunofluorescence staining were used to determine the relationship among pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2), prolyl hydroxylase 3 (PHD3), and hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α). The expressions of PHD3, PKM2, HIF-1α, Bax, cleaved caspase-3, and Bcl-2 in SMMC-7721 cells were detected with Western blotting, and cell apoptosis was analyzed with annexin V-FITC/PI staining. The effects of RNA interference of PKM2 on PHD3 and HIF-1α expressions in SMMC-7721 cells were detected using Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#The IC50 of shikonin against SMMC-7721 and L-02 cells was 8.041 μmol/L and 31.75 μmol/L, respectively. Treatment with shikonin significantly inhibited the protein expressions of PKM2, HIF-1α and PHD3 and nuclear translocation of PKM2 and HIF-1α in SMMC-7721 cells. Coimmunoprecipitation and immunofluorescence staining confirmed that shikonin inhibited the formation of PKM2/PHD3/HIF-1α complex and significantly reduced the contents of lactic acid and ATP in SMMC-7721 cells (P < 0.05). The expressions of PHD3 and HIF-1α decreased significantly after PKM2 knockdown (P < 0.05). Shikonin treatment significantly increased the apoptosis rate, enhanced the expressions of Bax and cleaved caspase-3, and decreased Bcl-2 expression in SMMC-7721 cells (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Shikonin induces apoptosis of SMMC-7721 cells possibly by inhibiting aerobic glycolysis through the PKM2/PHD3/HIF-1α signaling pathway to cause energy supply dysfunction in the cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prolyl Hydroxylases , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Caspase 3 , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Liver Neoplasms , Signal Transduction , Apoptosis , Adenosine Triphosphate
9.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 277-288, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982678

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#JieZe-1 (JZ-1), a Chinese herbal prescription, has an obvious effect on genital herpes, which is mainly caused by herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2). Our study aimed to address whether HSV-2 induces pyroptosis of VK2/E6E7 cells and to investigate the anti-HSV-2 activity of JZ-1 and the effect of JZ-1 on caspase-1-dependent pyroptosis.@*METHODS@#HSV-2-infected VK2/E6E7 cells and culture supernate were harvested at different time points after the infection. Cells were co-treated with HSV-2 and penciclovir (0.078125 mg/mL) or caspase-1 inhibitor VX-765 (24 h pretreatment with 100 μmol/L) or JZ-1 (0.078125-50 mg/mL). Cell counting kit-8 assay and viral load analysis were used to evaluate the antiviral activity of JZ-1. Inflammasome activation and pyroptosis of VK2/E6E7 cells were analyzed using microscopy, Hoechst 33342/propidium iodide staining, lactate dehydrogenase release assay, gene and protein expression, co-immunoprecipitation, immunofluorescence, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.@*RESULTS@#HSV-2 induced pyroptosis of VK2/E6E7 cells, with the most significant increase observed 24 h after the infection. JZ-1 effectively inhibited HSV-2 (the 50% inhibitory concentration = 1.709 mg/mL), with the 6.25 mg/mL dose showing the highest efficacy (95.76%). JZ-1 (6.25 mg/mL) suppressed pyroptosis of VK2/E6E7 cells. It downregulated the inflammasome activation and pyroptosis via inhibiting the expression of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor family pyrin domain-containing protein 3 (P < 0.001) and interferon-γ-inducible protein 16 (P < 0.001), and their interactions with apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain, and reducing cleaved caspase-1 p20 (P < 0.01), gasdermin D-N (P < 0.01), interleukin (IL)-1β (P < 0.001), and IL-18 levels (P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#JZ-1 exerts an excellent anti-HSV-2 effect in VK2/E6E7 cells, and it inhibits caspase-1-dependent pyroptosis induced by HSV-2 infection. These data enrich our understanding of the pathologic basis of HSV-2 infection and provide experimental evidence for the anti-HSV-2 activity of JZ-1. Please cite this article as: Liu T, Shao QQ, Wang WJ, Liu TL, Jin XM, Xu LJ, Huang GY, Chen Z. The Chinese herbal prescription JieZe-1 inhibits caspase-1-dependent pyroptosis induced by herpes simplex virus-2 infection in vitro. J Integr Med. 2023; 21(3): 277-288.


Subject(s)
Humans , Caspase 1/metabolism , Inflammasomes/pharmacology , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/metabolism , Pyroptosis , Simplexvirus/metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Herpes Simplex/drug therapy
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981490

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the anti-glioma effect of natural compound pterostilbene(PTE) through regulating pyroptosis and apoptosis pathways, and to analyze the possible anti-glioma pathways and targets of PTE by network pharmacology and molecular docking. In this study, the action targets of PTE and the glioma targets were obtained by network pharmacology to construct a target network and a protein-protein interaction(PPI) network to predict the possible action targets of PTE against glioma. Molecular docking was performed on the core targets by AutoDock and the action pathways of PTE against glioma were predicted by enrichment analysis. In addition, the effect of PTE on the viability of U87MG and GL261 glioma cells was detected by CCK-8 assay. Clone formation assay and cell scratching assay were used to explore the effect of different concentrations of PTE on the proliferation and migration, respectively of glioma cells. Hoechst staining was used to observe PTE-induced apoptosis in glioma cells. The changes in mitochondrial membrane potential were detected by JC-1 staining. The pyroptosis-inducing effect of PTE on glioma cells was observed by inverted microscopy and lactate dehydrogenase(LDH) assay. Hoechst 33342/PI dual staining assay was performed to detect the integrity of glioma cell membranes. The expressions of pyroptosis and apoptosis-related proteins in glioma cells after PTE induction were determined by Western blot. In this study, 37 anti-glioma targets of PTE were obtained, and enrichment analysis suggested that PTE exerted anti-glioma effects through various signaling pathways including cancer pathway, proteoglycan in cancer, PI3K/AKT pathway, and apoptosis regulatory pathway. Molecular docking revealed that PTE had good binding activity with the main targets. Compared with the control group, PTE significantly reduced the viability as well as the proliferation, migration and adhesion abilities of U87MG and GL261 cells; it induced the apoptosis of the two glioma cells and the decrease of mitochondrial membrane potential in U87MG cells, and the effects increased with the increase of drug concentration. Compared with the conditions in the control group, glioma cells in the PTE group had increased pyroptosis-specific appearance and gradually increased LDH release; the number of PI positive cells was significantly elevated with the increase of PTE concentration as revealed by Hoechst 33342/PI staining; the expression levels of apoptosis-related factors cleaved PARP1 and B-cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2) associated X(BAX) in the PTE group were markedly up-regulated, while the expression level of Bcl-2 was markedly down-regulated; the activation levels of pyroptosis-related proteins cleaved caspase-3 and gasdermin E-N(GSDME-N) had a remarkable rise in the PTE group, while no significant changes were found in the activation levels of gasdermin D-N(GSDMD-N) and cleaved caspase-1. In summary, PTE plays an anti-glioma role by inhibiting cell viability, proliferation, and migration and activating the caspase-3/GSDME-mediated pyroptosis pathway and mitochondrial apoptosis pathway.


Subject(s)
Pyroptosis , Caspase 3/metabolism , Network Pharmacology , Gasdermins , Molecular Docking Simulation , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Apoptosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981435

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to explore the mechanism of ligustilide, the main active constituent of essential oils of traditional Chinese medicine Angelicae Sinensis Radix, on alleviating oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion(OGD/R) injury in PC12 cells from the perspective of ferroptosis. OGD/R was induced in vitro, and 12 h after ligustilide addition during reperfusion, cell viability was detected by cell counting kit-8(CCK-8) assay. DCFH-DA staining was used to detect the level of intracellular reactive oxygen species(ROS). Western blot was employed to detect the expression of ferroptosis-related proteins, glutathione peroxidase 4(GPX4), transferrin receptor 1(TFR1), and solute carrier family 7 member 11(SLC7A11), and ferritinophagy-related proteins, nuclear receptor coactivator 4(NCOA4), ferritin heavy chain 1(FTH1), and microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3(LC3). The fluorescence intensity of LC3 protein was analyzed by immunofluorescence staining. The content of glutathione(GSH), malondialdehyde(MDA), and Fe was detected by chemiluminescent immunoassay. The effect of ligustilide on ferroptosis was observed by overexpression of NCOA4 gene. The results showed that ligustilide increased the viability of PC12 cells damaged by OGD/R, inhibited the release of ROS, reduced the content of Fe and MDA and the expression of TFR1, NCOA4, and LC3, and improved the content of GSH and the expression of GPX4, SLC7A11, and FTH1 compared with OGD/R group. After overexpression of the key protein NCOA4 in ferritinophagy, the inhibitory effect of ligustilide on ferroptosis was partially reversed, indicating that ligustilide may alleviate OGD/R injury of PC12 cells by blocking ferritinophagy and then inhibiting ferroptosis. The mechanism by which ligustilide reduced OGD/R injury in PC12 cells is that it suppressed the ferroptosis involved in ferritinophagy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , PC12 Cells , Ferroptosis/genetics , Reactive Oxygen Species , Transcription Factors , Glutathione
12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 982-997, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971767

ABSTRACT

Chemotherapy is one of the important methods to treat cancer, and the emergence of multidrug resistance (MDR) is one major cause for the failure of cancer chemotherapy. Almost all anti-tumor drugs develop drug resistance over a period of time of application in cancer patients, reducing their effects on killing cancer cells. Chemoresistance can lead to a rapid recurrence of cancers and ultimately patient death. MDR may be induced by multiple mechanisms, which are associated with a complex process of multiple genes, factors, pathways, and multiple steps, and today the MDR-associated mechanisms are largely unknown. In this paper, from the aspects of protein-protein interactions, alternative splicing (AS) in pre-mRNA, non-coding RNA (ncRNA) mediation, genome mutations, variance in cell functions, and influence from the tumor microenvironment, we summarize the molecular mechanisms associated with MDR in cancers. In the end, prospects for the exploration of antitumor drugs that can reverse MDR are briefly discussed from the angle of drug systems with improved targeting properties, biocompatibility, availability, and other advantages.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995838

ABSTRACT

Objective:The cluster analysis method was applied to evaluate the scientific research performance evaluation index system of departments in an obstetrics and gynecology hospital, and analyze the weaknesses of scientific research work of various departments, to provide a basis for the improvement of scientific research strength of departments.Methods:On the basis of the scientific research performance evaluation index system of departments in the obstetrics and gynecology hospital, the indicators and weights of the system were optimized through expert consultation, and the scientific research values from 2019 to 2021 were brought into the optimized scientific research performance evaluation index system to calculate the scientific research scores of each department, and then the cluster analysis method was applied to evaluate the index system.Results:Before and after the optimization of the scientific research performance evaluation index system of departments, the conformity with the discipline classification was 76.00% and 96.67% respectively ( P=0.039). In total of 30 departments were clustered into 4 categories: excellent (7), good (7), medium (4), and concerned (12). The average score of the total scientific research performance evaluation indicators of the 4 categories of departments was 15.022. The highest average score was for papers and monographs, and the lowest was for awards. Conclusions:This study applied the cluster analysis method to evaluate the scientific research performance evaluation index system of departments in the obstetrics and gynecology hospital and replaced quantitative indicators with quality indicators. It will optimize and improve the hospital hierarchical management methods, provide data support and classified guidance for the scientific research development of different categories of departments, and provide a reference basis for hospitals to formulate scientific research management policies such as achievement transformation, award, industry standard guidelines, etc.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991745

ABSTRACT

Silicosis is a diffuse pulmonary fibrosis disease caused by occupational exposure to silica, which is one of the occupational diseases with high incidence in developing countries. Up to now, there is no definite drug to relieve or reverse the lung injury caused by silicosis, so it is very important to prevent, diagnose and treat pulmonary fibrosis as soon as possible. Studies have shown that a chronic inflammatory environment contributes to pulmonary fibrosis to a certain extent. Interleukin-1β is a cytokine that increases the number of inflammatory factors in the microenvironment in the immune response and plays a key role in inflammatory reaction. Therefore, the release of interleukin-1β is of great significance in the pathogenesis of silicosis. This paper aims to systematically expound the development course of silicosis, the signal pathway of interleukin-1β production, and the relationship between them.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991004

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of incision subcutaneous porous catheter combined with ropivacaine analgesia in enhanced recovery after laparoscopic gastrointestinal surgery.Methods:The clinical data of 140 patients underwent gastrointestinal surgery from August 2021 to April 2022 in Shanghai Fourth People′s Hospital, School of Medicine, Tongji University were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 70 patients were given routine postoperative analgesia (control group), and 70 patients were given incision subcutaneous porous catheter combined with ropivacaine analgesia on the basis of routine postoperative analgesia (observation group). The visual analogue score (VAS) 4, 24, 32, 48, 56 and 72 h after operation was evaluated; and the complications of subcutaneous catheterization, incision infection, postoperative nausea vomiting, neurological symptoms, time to extubation, patient satisfaction degree, recovery time of intestinal function and hospital stay were recorded.Results:The VAS 4, 24, 32, 48, 56 and 72 h after operation in observation group was significantly lower than that in control group: 1.000 (- 0.250, 2.250) scores vs. 1.000 (- 1.000, 3.000) scores, 2.000 (1.000, 3.000) scores vs. 4.000 (2.000, 6.000) scores, 1.000 (0.000, 2.000) scores vs. 3.000 (1.000, 5.000) scores, 2.000 (1.000, 3.000) scores vs. 3.000 (1.750, 4.250) scores, (1.100 ± 0.934) scores vs. (2.085 ± 0.943) scores and (0.985 ± 0.842) scores vs. (1.814 ± 0.921) scores, and there was statistical difference ( P<0.05 or <0.01). The recovery time of intestinal function and hospital stay in observation group were significantly shorter than that that in control group: (1.743 ± 0.557) d vs. (2.200 ± 0.714) d and (8.043 ± 1.160) d vs. (8.757 ± 1.221) d, and there were statistical difference ( P<0.01); there were no statistical differences in the rate of incision infection, incidence of postoperative nausea vomiting, time to extubation and patient dissatisfaction rate between two groups ( P>0.05); there were no the complications of subcutaneous catheterization and neurological symptoms in two groups. Conclusions:The incision subcutaneous porous catheter combined with ropivacaine analgesia after laparoscopic gastrointestinal surgery is a safe, effective and feasible method. Multimodal analgesia under enhanced recovery after surgery can increase the postoperative recovery after gastrointestinal operations and shorten the postoperative hospital stay.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989556

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore and analyze the value of detection of peripheral blood miR-194 combined with fecal miR-143 in the clinical screening of colorectal cancer.Methods:A total of 83 patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer by pathological tissue admitted to Huangshi Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine of Hubei Province from October 2019 to October 2020 were selected as the observation group, and 50 healthy volunteers who underwent physical examinations during the same period were selected as the control group. The levels of miR-194 in peripheral blood and miR-143 in feces were detected by fluorescence quantitative PCR. The level difference between the two groups and their correlations with clinicopathological parameters of patients with colorectal cancer were analyzed. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn based on peripheral blood miR-194 and fecal miR-143 to evaluate their value for clinical screening of colorectal cancer.Results:The level of miR-194 in peripheral blood of the observation group was significantly higher than that of the control group (1.91±0.34 vs. 0.76±0.23) , while the level of fecal miR-143 in the observation group being significantly lower than that of the control group (1.85±0.43 vs. 2.48±0.62) , with statistically significant differences ( t=21.16, P<0.001; t=6.91, P<0.001) . Age of patients with colorectal cancer ( t=0.83, P=0.408; t=1.17, P=0.244) , TNM stage ( t=1.03, P=0.307; t=0.11, P=0.909) , lymphatic metastasis ( t=0.37, P=0.711; t=1.85, P=0.068) , distant metastasis ( t=0.41, P=0.683; t=1.72, P=0.089) were not correlated with the levels of peripheral blood miR-194 and fecal miR-143. When the cut-off value of miR-194 in peripheral blood was 1.82, the area under the ROC curve for the diagnosis of colorectal cancer was 0.76, and the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity were 79.38% and 74.29%, respectively. When the cut-off value of fecal miR-143 was 2.16, the area under the ROC curve for the diagnosis of colorectal cancer was 0.71. At this time, the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity were 76.54% and 73.61%, respectively. The area under ROC curve of combined detection for colorectal cancer was 0.81, and the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity were 83.46% and 75.43%, respectively. Conclusion:Peripheral blood miR-194 is highly expressed in colorectal cancer patients, and fecal miR-143 is low in colorectal cancer patients. The combined detection of the two has a high sensitivity for early diagnosis of colorectal cancer, which can provide important reference basis for early diagnosis of colorectal cancer and has high clinical application value.

17.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1785-1790, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014247

ABSTRACT

Aim To research the effect of PDG on bone metabolism in young rats. Methods The experimental rats were randomly divided into contro group, PDG-25 group and PDG-50 group. PDG-25 group and PDG-50 group were given PDG at the dose of 25 mg·kg

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936447

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct and apply a comprehensive information platform for the prevention and control of birth defects based on three-level prevention and control in the birth-age population of Yueyang City, aiming to improve the effectiveness of intervention and reduce the impact of birth defects on the fetus. Methods A retrospective analysis was used to study the married population of childbearing age in Yueyang from January 2017 to December 2019, all of whom were included in the comprehensive information platform for the prevention and control of birth defects based on the three-tier prevention and control. Observed indicators include birth defects I, II and III prevention and control and intervention effectiveness. Results (1) Effectiveness of prevention and control at the first level in each year: After continuous intervention, the education rate, marriage test rate and folic acid distribution in Yueyang city increased year by year, while the incidence of birth defects decreased year by year (P<0.05). (2) Effect of secondary prevention and control in each year: After continuous intervention, the serum screening rate, ultrasound diagnosis rate and amniotic fluid culture rate in Yueyang city increased year by year, while the birth defect rate decreased year by year (P<0.05). (3) Effectiveness of three levels of prevention and control in each year: After continuous intervention, the screening rate of newborns in Yueyang city increased year by year (P<0.05); and the disability rate of CH and PKU was 0% in three years. Conclusions The adoption of a three-level comprehensive prevention and control information platform in the prevention and control of birth defects has the advantages of safe, efficient and stable application, which is conducive to promoting the active conduct of prenatal examinations by pregnant women, enhancing the effectiveness of health education and improving the quality of health care during pregnancy, thereby effectively reducing the incidence, birth and disability rates of children with birth defects and achieving satisfactory graded application results. Accordingly, it is recommended that priority be given to the selection of a three-tier integrated information platform for prevention and control, depending on the actual situation.

19.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 306-312, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936011

ABSTRACT

Objective: The surgical reconstruction strategy for scar contracture deformity in chin and neck was explored, aiming to obtain better aesthetic outcome. Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted. From December 2017 to April 2021, 34 patients with scar contracture deformity in chin and neck after burns were hospitalized in the Department of Plastic Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University (the Third Military Medical University), aged 12-54 years, including 13 males and 21 females, 4 cases with chin affected only, 7 cases with neck affected only, and 23 cases with both chin and neck affected. The scar areas were 48-252 cm2. All the patients were treated by operation with expanded flaps, following the "MRIS" principle of matching of the color and thickness of the repair flaps (match), reconstructing of the aesthetic features of subunits (reconstruction), design of incision according to the plastic principle (incision), and prevention of the surgical incision scar (scar). The rectangular or kidney shaped skin and soft tissue expander (hereinafter referred to as the expander) with rated capacity of 80-400 mL was embedded in the first stage, which was routinely expanded to 3-5 times of the rated capacity of the expander. In the second stage, scar resection and expanded flap excision were performed to repair the secondary wound, and the flap donor site was sutured directly. The expansion ratio of the expander (with average value being calculated), the type of flaps used, the reconstruction of local aesthetic morphology, the appearance of postoperative incision, the survival of flap, and the situation of donor and recipient sites observed during follow-up were recorded. Results: Among the 34 patients, the average expansion ratio of the implanted expander was 3.82 times of the rated capacity of the expander. Three cases were repaired by the expanded local pedicled flap only, 19 cases by the expanded shoulder and/or chest perforator pedicled flap only, 10 cases by the expanded local pedicled flap combined with the expanded shoulder and/or chest perforator pedicled flap, and 2 cases by the expanded local pedicled flap combined with the expanded free flap of the second intercostal perforator of internal thoracic artery. After scar resection, the shapes of lower lip and chin-lip groove were reconstructed in 10 cases, chin process reconstruction and chin lengthening were performed in 16 cases, and the cervico-mental angle and mandibular margin contour were reconstructed in 28 cases. The surgical incision was concealed, most of which were located at the natural junction or turning point of the chin and neck subunits. The vertical incision of neck was Z-shaped or fishtail-shaped. All the expanded flaps in 34 patients survived after operation, of which 8 patients had minor necrosis at the edge or tip of the expanded flaps 1-3 days after operation and healed after dressing change. During the follow-up of 3-18 months, little difference in color and thickness between the expanded flap and the skin of chin and neck was observed, and the aesthetic shape of chin and neck was significantly improved, with mild scar hyperplasia of surgical incision. Conclusions: Reconstruction of scar contracture deformity in chin and neck by using expanded flaps based on the "MRIS" principle is beneficial to improve the quality of surgery and achieve better aesthetic outcome.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Chin/surgery , Cicatrix/surgery , Contracture/surgery , Free Tissue Flaps , Perforator Flap , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Skin Transplantation , Surgical Wound , Treatment Outcome
20.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1159-1172, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927771

ABSTRACT

It is known that low-frequency pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) can promote the differentiation and maturation of rat calvarial osteoblasts (ROBs) cultured in vitro. However, the mechanism that how ROBs perceive the physical signals of PEMFs and initiate osteogenic differentiation remains unknown. In this study, we investigated the relationship between the promotion of osteogenic differentiation of ROBs by 0.6 mT 50 Hz PEMFs and the presence of polycystin2 (PC2) located on the primary cilia on the surface of ROBs. First, immunofluorescence staining was used to study whether PC2 is located in the primary cilia of ROBs, and then the changes of PC2 protein expression in ROBs upon treatment with PEMFs for different time were detected by Western blotting. Subsequently, we detected the expression of PC2 protein by Western blotting and the effect of PEMFs on the activity of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), as well as the expression of Runx-2, Bmp-2, Col-1 and Osx proteins and genes related to bone formation after pretreating ROBs with amiloride HCl (AMI), a PC2 blocker. Moreover, we detected the expression of genes related to bone formation after inhibiting the expression of PC2 in ROBs using RNA interference. The results showed that PC2 was localized on the primary cilia of ROBs, and PEMFs treatment increased the expression of PC2 protein. When PC2 was blocked by AMI, PEMFs could no longer increase PC2 protein expression and ALP activity, and the promotion effect of PEMFs on osteogenic related protein and gene expression was also offset. After inhibiting the expression of PC2 using RNA interference, PEMFs can no longer increase the expression of genes related to bone formation. The results showed that PC2, located on the surface of primary cilia of osteoblasts, plays an indispensable role in perceiving and transmitting the physical signals from PEMFs, and the promotion of osteogenic differentiation of ROBs by PEMFs depends on the existence of PC2. This study may help to elucidate the mechanism underlying the promotion of bone formation and osteoporosis treatment in low-frequency PEMFs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Alkaline Phosphatase/metabolism , Electromagnetic Fields , Osteoblasts/metabolism , Osteogenesis/genetics , TRPP Cation Channels/physiology
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