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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928996

ABSTRACT

Areca catechu L. medicinal materials and their preparations are widely used in clinical practice. Betelnut polyphenol is one of the main chemical components with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial effects. With continuous increase of high altitude activities, tissue oxidative damage caused by high altitude hypoxia seriously affects the ability to work, and the studies on anti-hypoxia drugs are particularly important. Recent studies have shown that betelnut polyphenols have protective effects on oxidative stress injury caused by hypoxia via improving blood gas index of hypoxic organism, increasing superoxide dismutase glutathione catalase activity, and scavenging excessive free radicals. The effects of betelnut polyphenols against hypoxia and oxidative damage protection suggest that betelnut polyphenols can be used as potential anti-hypoxia drugs and posses clinical prospects.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants/pharmacology , Areca/chemistry , Humans , Hypoxia , Oxidative Stress , Polyphenols/pharmacology , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924055

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a method for the determination of total polyphenols and catechins in betel nut polyphenols extract, and provide reference for the quality control of betel nut polyphenols extract. Methods The content of total phenol in betel nut extract was determined by ultraviolet spectrophotometry. The content of catechins was determined by HPLC. Results The linear range of total polyphenols in betel nuts extract was 9.8~58.8 μg/ml. The three components of catechin, epicatechin and protocatechuic acid were completely separated by HPLC, and the linear relationship was good in their respective ranges, with the recoveries between 99.17% and 101.67%, the RSD between 1.2% and 2.5%. Conclusion The established method is simple, stable and reliable, which could be used for the quantitative analysis of betel polyphenol extract, and provide experimental basis for the quality control of betel polyphenol extract.

3.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 984-989, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911558

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate characteristics of fever and drug-induced liver injury (DILI) in inpatients with severe drug eruptions.Methods:A retrospective analysis was carried out on clinical data collected from 63 inpatients with severe drug eruptions from June 2007 to June 2020, and their characteristics of fever and DILI were investigated. Two-independent-sample t test or Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for intergroup comparison of measurement data, and intergroup comparison of enumeration data was performed using chi-square test or Fisher′s exact test. Results:Among the 63 patients with severe drug eruptions, 54 developed fever; low, moderate and high/ultra-high fever all occurred in about one third of the patients; of 17 patients with high/ultra-high fever, 16 sufferred from Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) , toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) or drug hypersensitivity syndrome (DHS) ; 45 had irregular fever; fever duration ranged from 1 to 14 days in 51 patients; there were no significant differences in the fever grade or duration among the patients with different clinical types of drug eruptions ( P = 0.303, 0.719, respectively) ; rashes occurred earlier than or at the same time as fever in 92.59% of the patients. DILI occurred in 11 patients, 8 of whom had hepatocellular injury at admission, including 5 with DHS, 2 with SJS and 1 with TEN; 6 patients were accompanied by low, moderate or high fever, with the fever duration being 7.33 ± 4.97 days, and they all had grade 1 liver injury; liver function retesting at discharge showed complete recovery in 5 patients, improvement in 1, as well as conversion from hepatocellular injury to mixed liver injury in 1, and 1 patient did not undergo the liver function retesting due to against-medical-advice discharge. The other 3 patients had cholestatic liver injury, all of whom were diagnosed with DHS and accompanied by high or ultra-high fever, wtih the fever duration being 8.33 ± 3.51 days, and 1 patient had grade 4 liver injury (acute liver failure) ; liver function was improved in all the 3 patients at discharge. Conclusions:Patients with severe drug eruptions are prone to be accompanied by various types of fever, irregular fever is more common, fever usually lasts 2 weeks, and rashes often occur earlier than or at the same time as fever. DILI can occur in patients with severe drug eruptions, and is usually accompanied by fever; hepatocellular injury is more common, and prone to be improved rapidly; cholestatic liver injury is characterized by severe clinical symptoms and a long disease course, and most frequently occurs in patients with DHS.

4.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 149-154,F3, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882458

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the oncologic safety, aesthetic outcome, and upper extremity function of single-port insufflation endoscopic nipple-sparing mastectomy (SIE-NSM) in the treatment of early breast cancer.Methods:From January 2014 to August 2019, a total of 80 patients with stage Ⅰ and Ⅱ breast cancer underwent SIE-NSM, at Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University were retrospectively analyzed and followed up. Estimated the oncologic safety, aesthetic outcome, and upper extremity function.Results:SIE-NSM was performed successfully on all 80 patients.There was no serious complication after surgery.The follow-up time was 16-82 months and the median follow-up time was 42 months. Local recurrence occurred in two patients, and there was no distant metastases. Four (5%) patients developed grade 1-3 nipple-areola complex ischemia. There were no cases of subcutaneous effusion.The satisfaction with breasts, chest well-being, psychosocial well-being, and sexual well-being scores were confirmed to be highly rated by Breast-Q scale. Upper extremity function score confirmed that good upper limb function was preserved after surgery. The mean length of incision was (3.6±0.8) cm, and the blood loss was (24.7±19.3) mL.Conclusions:SIE-NSM can achieve a higher cosmetic score and a better recovery of upper limb function on the premise of ensuring the safety of the tumor.This novel method is an appropriate surgical option for patients with early breast cancer.

5.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 684-688,f3-f4, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863406

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze how the surface marker of breast cancer stem cell related to chemotherapy resistance and postoperative recurrence.Methods:The GEO public database GSE25066 and GSE32603 were used to extract clinical data including pathological evaluation of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, postoperative follow-up recurrence and recurrence time, and the expression levels of the following 18 breast cancer stem cell marker genes were extracted: CD44, CD24, EPCAM, CD49f, PROM1, CD61, ALDH1A1, CD10, ALDH1A3, ABCG2, RANK, CD47, CD166, SLUG, SOX2, SXO9, SOX10, MYC. A total of 488 patients with GSE25066 were divided into pathology compete response(pCR) group ( n=99) and residual disease (RD) group ( n=389) according to the pathological analysis. Another 418 patients with complete recurrence data was divided into recurrence group ( n=111) and non-recurrence group ( n=307), they were used for prognosis analysis. The effects of each tumor stem cell marker on chemotherapy sensitivity and tumor recurrence were analyzed by logistic, lasso and COX regression. The gene expression level of GSE32603 before and after neoadjuvant chemotherapy were used to analyze the changes after neoadjuvant chemotherapy in 166 patients, to determine the enrichment effect of chemotherapy on stem cells. Results:In chemotherapy response analysis, tumor stem cell markers CD44( OR=0.78, 95% CI: 0.63-0.98) and SANI2 ( OR=0.80, 95% CI: 0.68-0.93) were negatively correlated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy sensitivity, and CD24( OR=1.18, 95% CI: 0.97-1.47) was positively correlated with chemosensitivity. In the recurrence correlation analysis, the patients with CD44 + ( OR=1.22, 95% CI: 0.98-1.51), CD24 low( OR=0.94, 95% CI: 0.79-1.11) and SANI2( OR=1.17, 95% CI: 1.00-1.37) expression have a high recurrence rate. As chemotherapy progressed, the MME, CD49f, SOX10, MYC, and SOX9 ( P<0.05) showed an enrichment process. Conclusions:Breast cancer stem cell markers CD44 + CD24 - and SLUG can be used to predict the efficacy of neoadjuvant chemotherapy and recurrence after tumor treatment. They are relatively stable marker for studying breast cancer stem cells.

6.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 326-328, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863330

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of radiofrequency ablation in breast conserving surgery with breast carcinoma.Methods:With retrospective research methods, a total of 230 patients who were treated with radiofrequency ablation after breast conserving surgery in Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2016 to September 2018 were selected, patients were all females, the median age was 56 yecers, ranged from 27 to 91 years, and the postoperative efficacy, patients′ satisfaction with their appearance and complications were outpatient follow-up.Results:Follow-up for 18 months showed that 2 (0.87%) patients had postoperative recurrence and metastasis, 217 (94.35%) patients were satisfied with the postoperative breast appearance, and 8 patients (3.48%) had skin burns and in- situ sclerosing. Conclusions:Radiofrequency ablation is used in breast conserving surgery, which is simple to operate and has a low incidence of complications. It can strengthen local tumor control and improve the cosmetic effect of breast after conserving surgery, worthy of clinical promotion.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863266

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of radiofrequency ablation in breast-conserving surgery followed neoadjuvant chemotherapy.Methods Retrospective analysis of 30 cases of breast cancer patients admitted to Beijing Friendship Hospital,Capital Medical University from April 2015 to September 2018.The average age was 54.3 years and the range was 28 to 70 years.For breast invasive ductal cancer,patients underwent breast-conserving surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy,and then received radiofrequency ablation.The clinical and pathological characteristics,postoperative complications,recurrence and metastasis,and cosmetic effects were observed.Results All 30 patients with breast-conserving surgery successfully completed radiofrequency ablation.The average outpatient follow-up was 22.5 months,ranging from 2 to 43 months,without local recurrence or metastasis;skin burns occurred in 2 cases (6.67%),and solid nodules formed in situ in 6 cases (20.00%);cosmetic satisfaction rate was 86.67% (26/30).Conclusions The radiofrequency ablation techniques applied in breast-conserving surgery have a high rate of technical success with relative low complication rates.And the radiofrequency ablation techniques may improve the cosmetic results after breast-conserving surgery and enhance local control.

8.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 28-31,封4, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863265

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application effect of fine needle aspiration cytology and sentinel lymph nodes stain assisted by contrast-enhanced ultrasound in early breast cancer.Methods A patient with early breast cancer enrolled in Beijing Friendship Hospital,Capital Medical University received fine needle aspiration cytology assisted by contrast-enhanced ultrasonography and the sentinel lymph nodes were stained with blue dye before a standard sentinel lymph nodes biopsy traced with indocyanine green.The axillary status accessed by these two methods were compared.Results Three sentinel lymph nodes were found and aspirated assisted by contrast-enhanced ultrasonography.Seven sentinel lymph nodes were obtained in sentinel lymph nodes biopsy surgery.All of these sentinel lymph nodes were negative.The stained sentinel lymph nodes could be recognized and dissected in open lymph nodes biopsy surgery.Conclusions Fine needle aspiration cytology assisted by contrast-enhanced ultrasonography could be a substitute for open sentinel lymph nodes biopsy.More related researches should be carry out to further compare these two methods.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799273

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the efficacy of radiofrequency ablation in breast-conserving surgery followed neoadjuvant chemotherapy.@*Methods@#Retrospective analysis of 30 cases of breast cancer patients admitted to Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from April 2015 to September 2018. The average age was 54.3 years and the range was 28 to 70 years. For breast invasive ductal cancer, patients underwent breast-conserving surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and then received radiofrequency ablation. The clinical and pathological characteristics, postoperative complications, recurrence and metastasis, and cosmetic effects were observed.@*Results@#All 30 patients with breast-conserving surgery successfully completed radiofrequency ablation. The average outpatient follow-up was 22.5 months, ranging from 2 to 43 months, without local recurrence or metastasis; skin burns occurred in 2 cases (6.67%), and solid nodules formed in situ in 6 cases (20.00%); cosmetic satisfaction rate was 86.67% (26/30).@*Conclusions@#The radiofrequency ablation techniques applied in breast-conserving surgery have a high rate of technical success with relative low complication rates. And the radiofrequency ablation techniques may improve the cosmetic results after breast-conserving surgery and enhance local control.

10.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 28-31,f4, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799272

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the application effect of fine needle aspiration cytology and sentinel lymph nodes stain assisted by contrast-enhanced ultrasound in early breast cancer.@*Methods@#A patient with early breast cancer enrolled in Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University received fine needle aspiration cytology assisted by contrast-enhanced ultrasonography and the sentinel lymph nodes were stained with blue dye before a standard sentinel lymph nodes biopsy traced with indocyanine green. The axillary status accessed by these two methods were compared.@*Results@#Three sentinel lymph nodes were found and aspirated assisted by contrast-enhanced ultrasonography. Seven sentinel lymph nodes were obtained in sentinel lymph nodes biopsy surgery. All of these sentinel lymph nodes were negative. The stained sentinel lymph nodes could be recognized and dissected in open lymph nodes biopsy surgery.@*Conclusions@#Fine needle aspiration cytology assisted by contrast-enhanced ultrasonography could be a substitute for open sentinel lymph nodes biopsy. More related researches should be carry out to further compare these two methods.

11.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 16-20,封3, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-732778

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application value of laparoscopic pedicled omentum acquisition technique in laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery of breast carcinoma.Methods From November 2016 to November 2017,there were 11 patients with breast carcinoma underwent laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery and breast plastic surgery with laparoscopic pedicled omentum acquisition technique in Beijing Friendship Hospital,Capital Medical University,and retrospectivly analyzed the clinical data of these patients.The operation time,intraoperative blood loss,drainage tube time,length of incision,surgical complications,postoperative cosmetic effect and tumor recurrence were recorded and analyzed.Results In 11 patients,the average of the total operation time was 186 min,the average intraoperative blood loss was 22 ml,the average drainage tube time was 3.1 d,and the average total length of the incision was 5.2 cm.There was no severe complication after surgery but only one patient had an increase of belching.The postoperative cosmetic results were excellent with the mean score was 14.7 (the total score was 15) along with getting full score in "shape of breast" and "scar of the incision".There was no locoregional recurrence or distant metastases.Conclusion The combination of laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery of breast carcinoma and the laparoscopic pedicled omentum acquisition technique assure the recovery of the breast shape safely and effectively,also provide better postoperative cosmetic results.

12.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 392-396,封3, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616791

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical efficacy of the laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery combined with radiofrequency ablation to treat the early-stage breast cancer.Methods We collected 55 patients diagnosed early-stage breast cancer in retrospect,which started from January 2014 to December 2016.Twenty-seven of them were performed the laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery combined with radiofrequency ablation while others went through laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery without radiofrequency ablation.Meanwhile,we adopted the student t-test and the chi-square test to compare results of two groups.More specific,the main indexes of this study are including the post-operative local recurrence,the incidence of fat liquefaction or the incision-infection,operation time,post-operative hospital stay and the hospitalization expense.Results The laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery combined with radiofrequency ablation group had low local-recurrence than the laparoscopic breastconserving surgery group (0 and 7.69%).Additionally,there were no statistical differences between two groups in the incidence of fat liquefaction.However,The laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery combined with radiofrequency ablation group had more hospitalization expense than the laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery group [(4.1 ± 0.7) ten thousand yuan and (2.3 ± 0.6) ten thousand yuan,P < 0.05].Conclusions Although the laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery combined with radiofrequency ablation group remarkably increased the hospitalization expense because of the utility of the radiofrequency ablation related apparatus,it may provide the probability of shaving more residual tumor cell and may low down the recurrence,especially not rising up the incidence of the post-operative fat liquefaction.Therefore,this surgery method might be one of the potential developments in the minimal-invasive of early stage breast cancer.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465116

ABSTRACT

Microcapsule technology is a high and new technology under the focused research and development in 21st century, which has been used in many research fields. However, its researches on preparation field should be paid more attention to, especially the research direction of TCM drug delivery system, which is of great value for development and application. This article reviewed the application progress of microcapsule technology in pharmaceutic preparation field, and discussed the strategic significance of the researches on TCM microcapsule preparation, with a purpose to provide research ideas and paths for the researches on the new formulations of traditional Chinese medicine.

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