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1.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 126-133, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933850

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate perirenal adipose tissue inflammation in obesity-related glomerulopathy induced by a high-fat diet in C57BL/6J mice and further explore its probable mechanism.Methods:Twelve 8-10-week-old male C57BL/6J mice were divided into normal diet group (ND, n=6) and high-fat diet group (HFD, n=6) using simple random sampling method. After 14 weeks, the blood and kidney tissue were sampled, and the pathological change in the kidney and perirenal adipose tissue was observed by hematoxylin-eosin, periodic acid-Schiff, and Masson staining. The mRNA expression of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), M1-type macrophage marker CD11c, interleukin (IL)-1β, monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), IL-10, transforming growth factor-β1, M2-type macrophage marker CD206 and fibronectin 1 in perirenal fat was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR. The expression of macrophages marker F4/80, CD68 and leukocyte common antigen (LCA) in the kidney and perirenal adipose tissue was detected by immunohistochemistry. Results:After 14 weeks of feeding, compared with mice in the ND group, the weight of mice in the HFD group was significantly higher [(35.83±1.19) g vs (24.06±0.37) g, P<0.05]. In the HFD group, perirenal adipocyte hyperplasia, accompanied by glomerular hyperplasia, mesangial matrix hyperplasia and renal interstitial fibrosis, and other pathological changes was observed (all P<0.05). The level of blood glucose, blood lipid, serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen was also significantly higher (all P<0.05). The mRNA expression of TNF-α, CD11c, IL-1β and MCP-1 related to M1 macrophages in the perirenal adipose tissue was higher (all P<0.05), and immunohistochemistry showed that the expression of F4/80, CD68 and LCA in the perirenal adipose tissue was higher in HFD group (all P<0.05). The above results showed that the number of macrophages and inflammatory cells in the perirenal adipose tissue was significantly greater in the HFD group than those in the ND group. Pearson linear correlation analysis showed that the average perirenal fat area was positively correlated with macrophages number in perirenal adipose tissue, several morphological indexes such as glomerular cross-sectional area and renal function injury indexes such as blood urea nitrogen (all P<0.05). Conclusion:The C57BL/6J mice model of obesity-related glomerulopathy induced by a high-fat diet is successfully established, and the perirenal adipose tissue shows an obvious inflammatory response, with the macrophages significantly polarized mainly in the pro-inflammatory direction towards the M1-type macrophages.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930975

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influences of age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity index (ACCI) on prognosis of patients undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy.Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 242 gastric cancer patients who underwent laparoscopic radical gastrectomy in 19 hospitals of the Chinese Laparoscopic Gastrointestinal Surgery Study Group-04 study, including 54 patients in Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, 32 patients in the First Hospital of Putian City, 32 patients in Renji Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, 31 patients in Zhangzhou Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, 17 patients in Nanfang Hospital of Southern Medical University, 11 patients in the First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University, 8 patients in Qinghai University Affiliated Hospital, 8 patients in Meizhou People′s Hospital, 7 patients in Fujian Provincial Hospital, 6 patients in Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University, 6 patients in Longyan First Hospital, 5 patients in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, 5 patients in the First Hospital Affiliated to Army Medical University, 4 patients in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 4 patients in West China Hospital of Sichuan University, 4 patients in Beijing University Cancer Hospital, 3 patients in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 3 patients in Guangdong Provincial People′s Hospital, 2 patients in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University, from September 2016 to October 2017 were collected. There were 193 males and 49 females, aged 62(range, 23?74)years. Observation indicators: (1) age distribution, comorbidities and ACCI status of patients; (2) the grouping of ACCI and comparison of clinicopathological characteristics of patients in each group; (3) incidence of postoperative early complications and analysis of factors affecting postoperative early complications; (4) follow-up; (5) analysis of factors affecting the 3-year recurrence-free survival rate of patients. Follow-up was conducted using outpatient examination or telephone interview to detect postoperative survival of patients up to December 2020. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( Q1, Q3) or M(range), and comparison between groups was conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. Comparison of ordinal data was conducted using the nonparametric rank sum test. The X-Tile software (version 3.6.1) was used to analyze the best ACCI grouping threshold. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate survival rates and draw survival curves. The Log-Rank test was used for survival analysis. The Logistic regression model was used to analyze the factors affecting postoperative early complications. The COX proportional hazard model was used for univariate and multivariate analyses of factors affecting the 3-year recurrence-free survival rate of patients. Multivariate analysis used stepwise regression to include variables with P<0.05 in univariate analysis and variables clinically closely related to prognosis. Results:(1) Age distribution, comor-bidities and ACCI status of patients. Of the 242 patients, there were 28 cases with age <50 years, 68 cases with age of 50 to 59 years, 113 cases with age of 60 to 69 years, 33 cases with age of 70 to 79 years. There was 1 patient combined with mild liver disease, 1 patient combined with diabetes of end-organ damage, 2 patients combined with peripheral vascular diseases, 2 patients combined with peptic ulcer, 6 patients combined with congestive heart failure, 8 patients combined with chronic pulmonary diseases, 9 patients with diabetes without end-organ damage. The ACCI of 242 patients was 2 (range, 0-4). (2) The grouping of ACCI and comparison of clinicopathological characteristics of patients in each group. Results of X-Tile software analysis showed that ACCI=3 was the best grouping threshold. Of the 242 patients, 194 cases with ACCI <3 were set as the low ACCI group and 48 cases with ACCI ≥3 were set as the high ACCI group, respectively. Age, body mass index, cases with preoperative comorbidities, cases of American Society of Anesthesiologists classification as stage Ⅰ, stage Ⅱ, stage Ⅲ, tumor diameter, cases with tumor histological type as signet ring cell or poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma and cases with tumor type as moderately or well differentiated adenocarcinoma, cases with tumor pathological T staging as stage T1, stage T2, stage T3, stage T4, chemotherapy cycles were (58±9)years, (22.6±2.9)kg/m 2, 31, 106, 85, 3, (4.0±1.9)cm, 104, 90, 16, 29, 72, 77, 6(4,6) in the low ACCI group, versus (70±4) years, (21.7±2.7)kg/m 2, 23, 14, 33, 1, (5.4±3.1)cm, 36, 12, 3, 4, 13, 28, 4(2,5) in the high ACCI group, showing significant differences in the above indicators between the two groups ( t=-14.37, 1.98, χ2=22.64, Z=-3.11, t=-2.91, χ2=7.22, Z=-2.21, -3.61, P<0.05). (3) Incidence of postoperative early complications and analysis of factors affecting postoperative early complications. Of the 242 patients, 33 cases had postoperative early complications, including 20 cases with local complications and 16 cases with systemic complica-tions. Some patients had multiple complications at the same time. Of the 20 patients with local complications, 12 cases had abdominal infection, 7 cases had anastomotic leakage, 2 cases had incision infection, 2 cases had abdominal hemorrhage, 2 cases had anastomotic hemorrhage and 1 case had lymphatic leakage. Of the 16 patients with systemic complications, 11 cases had pulmonary infection, 2 cases had arrhythmias, 2 cases had sepsis, 1 case had liver failure, 1 case had renal failure, 1 case had pulmonary embolism, 1 case had deep vein thrombosis, 1 case had urinary infection and 1 case had urine retention. Of the 33 cases with postoperative early complications, there were 3 cases with grade Ⅰ complications, 22 cases with grade Ⅱ complications, 5 cases with grade Ⅲa complications, 2 cases with grade Ⅲb complications and 1 case with grade Ⅳ complica-tions of Clavien-Dindo classification. Cases with postoperative early complications, cases with local complications, cases with systemic complications were 22, 13, 9 in the low ACCI group, versus 11, 7, 7 in the high ACCI group, respectively. There were significant differences in cases with postoperative early complications and cases with systemic complications between the two groups ( χ2=4.38, 4.66, P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in cases with local complications between the two groups ( χ2=2.20, P>0.05). Results of Logistic regression analysis showed that ACCI was a related factor for postoperative early complications of gastric cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy [ odds ratio=2.32, 95% confidence interval ( CI) as 1.04-5.21, P<0.05]. (4) Follow-up. All the 242 patients were followed up for 36(range,1?46)months. During the follow-up, 53 patients died and 13 patients survived with tumor. The 3-year recurrence-free survival rate of the 242 patients was 73.5%. The follow-up time, cases died and cases survived with tumor during follow-up, the 3-year recurrence-free survival rate were 36(range, 2-46)months, 29, 10, 80.0% for the low ACCI group, versus 35(range, 1-42)months, 24, 3, 47.4% for the high ACCI group. There was a significant difference in the 3-year recurrence-free survival rate between the two groups ( χ2=30.49, P<0.05). (5) Analysis of factors affecting the 3-year recurrence-free survival rate of patients. Results of univariate analysis showed that preoperative comorbidities, ACCI, tumor diameter, histological type, vascular invasion, lymphatic invasion, neural invasion, tumor pathological TNM staging, postoperative early complications were related factors for postoperative 3-year recurrence-free survival rate of gastric cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy [ hazard ratio ( HR)=2.52, 3.64, 2.62, 0.47, 2.87, 1.90, 1.86, 21.77, 1.97, 95% CI as 1.52-4.17, 2.22-5.95, 1.54-4.46, 0.27-0.80, 1.76-4.70, 1.15-3.12, 1.10-3.14, 3.01-157.52, 1.11-3.50, P<0.05]. Results of multivariate analysis showed that ACCI, tumor pathological TNM staging, adjuvant chemotherapy were indepen-dent influencing factors for postoperative 3-year recurrence-free survival rate of gastric cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy ( HR=3.65, 11.00, 40.66, 0.39, 95% CI as 2.21-6.02, 1.40-86.73, 5.41-305.69, 0.22-0.68, P<0.05). Conclusions:ACCI is a related factor for post-operative early complications of gastric cancer patients undergoing laparos-copic radical gastrectomy. ACCI, tumor pathological TNM staging, adjuvant chemotherapy are indepen-dent influencing factors for postoperative 3-year recurrence-free survival rate of gastric cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930940

ABSTRACT

Registration of postoperative complications for surgical oncology including gastrointestinal cancer has received increasing attention with persistent researches on gastrointes-tinal tumor in China. The popularization of standardized gastric surgery and introduction of new technologies and concepts, including minimally invasive surgery, enhanced recovery after surgery, and neoadjuvant therapy, have promoted the conduction of clinical studies, e.g. the Chinese Laparoscopic Gastrointestinal Surgery Study Group series studies, on their safety, and further standardized the diagnosis and registration of postoperative complications as short-term study endpoints. Since then, for diagnosis and registration of complications in gastrointestinal surgery in China, the basis has evolved from clinical experience to clinical research. Since 2015, platforms such as China Gastrointestinal Cancer Surgical Union have been established to further promote the recording of real-world clinical data in more centers across the whole country. In recent years, the expert consensus on the diagnosis and registration of complications has been published sub-sequently and the prospective multicenter real-world complication registration study has been carried out. All of these efforts will facilitate medical centers especially the primary medical centers into the era of standardized diagnosis and registration of complications on a real-world basis.The authors review the standardized diagnosis and registration of surgical complications for gastrointes-tinal cancer in China, aiming to provide references to standardization of clinical practice of gastro-intestinal surgery.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930923

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical value of computer tomography (CT)-based three-section formula in identification of Siewert types of adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG).Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopatho-logical data of 62 AEG patients who were admitted to two medical centers, including 33 patients from Peking University Cancer Hospital and 29 patients from the First Affiliated Hospital of Amy Medical University, between January 2019 and January 2021 were collected. There were 53 males and 9 females, aged (66±9)years. All patients underwent CT examination to obtain the coronal and axial images and determine the upper and lower edges of the tumor and the esophagogastric junction, which were imported into the formula for Siewert classification. Observation indicators: (1) results of CT examination and pathological examination; (2) consistence of judgements for CT examination between doctors; (3) consistence of judgements between CT examination and patholo-gical examination. Results of pathological examination came from intraoperative surgical observa-tion and postoperative histopathological examination. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages. The consistency coefficient Kappa ( κ) was used to evaluate the consistency of diagnosis between resear-chers. The κ≥0.75 was regarded as excellent consistency, 0.40< κ<0.75 as good consistency, κ ≤0.40 as poor consistency. Wilcoxon rank sum test was used to evaluate the statistical difference between results of the CT-based three-section formula method and the pathological examination. Taking the results of histopathological examination as standard, the sensitivity, specifi-city, accuracy and 95% confidence interval of the CT-based three-section formula method were calculated. Results:(1) Results of CT examination and pathological examination: all the 62 patients underwent CT examination successfully to obtain the coronal and axial images and determine the upper and lower edges of the tumor and the esophagogastric junction, which were used for Siewert classifica-tion. There were 3 cases with AEG of Siewert type Ⅰ, 47 cases with AEG of Siewert type Ⅱ and 12 cases with AEG of Siewert type Ⅲ according to doctor's judgement from the Peking University Cancer Hospital, and there were 3 cases with AEG of Siewert type Ⅰ, 49 cases with AEG of Siewert type Ⅱ and 10 cases with AEG of Siewert type Ⅲ according to doctor's judgement from the First Affiliated Hospital of Amy Medical University, respectively. After arbitration, there were 2 cases with AEG of Siewert type Ⅰ, 48 cases with AEG of Siewert type Ⅱ and 12 cases with AEG of Siewert type Ⅲ determined by the CT based three-section formula. There were 7 cases of stage T1, 10 cases of stage T2, 24 cases of stage T3, 14 of stage T4a and 7 cases of stage T4b of pathological T staging. There were 2 cases with AEG of Siewert type Ⅰ, 48 cases with AEG of Siewert type Ⅱ and 12 cases with AEG of Siewert type Ⅲ determined by pathological examination. (2) Consistence of judgements for CT examination between doctors: the consistency of Siewert classification determined by CT-based three-section formula between 2 doctors was good ( κ=0.74, P<0.001). (3) Consistence of judgements between pathological examination and CT examination: with Siewert classification determined by pathological examination as reference, the accuracy of Siewert classification determined by CT based three-section formula was 90.3%( κ=0.73, P<0.001). The sensitivity and specificity of CT-based three-section formula were 66.7%(95% confidence interval as 20.8%-93.9%) and 100.0%(95% confidence interval as 93.9%-100.0%) for AEG of Siewert type Ⅰ, 97.7%(95% confidence interval as 88.2%-99.6%) and 72.2%(95% confidence interval as 49.1%-87.5%) for AEG of Siewert type Ⅱ, 73.3%(95% confidence interval as 48.0%-89.1%) and 97.9%(95% confidence interval as 88.9%-99.9%) for AEG of Siewert type Ⅲ, respectively. Conclusion:The CT-based three-section formula can be used for identification of Siewert types of AEG, with a high accuracy.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930904

ABSTRACT

Surgery is the cornerstone of gastric cancer treatment. Surgical treatment of gastric cancer has shown new trends in the context of precision surgery. From standardized D 2 radical surgery to function-saving surgery, minimally invasive surgery and enhanced recovery after surgery, the controlling of surgical trauma and improving life quality of patients are getting more and more attention under the premise of ensuring radical cure. At the same time, the comprehensive treatment including immunotherapy has broadened the boundaries of gastric cancer surgery. Combined with the relevant data at home and abroad, the authors elaborate the new trends in surgical treatment of gastric cancer oriented by stage of gastric cancer, in order to provide new ideas for clinical work.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928221

ABSTRACT

The research shows that personality assessment can be achieved by regression model based on electroencephalogram (EEG). Most of existing researches use event-related potential or power spectral density for personality assessment, which can only represent the brain information of a single region. But some research shows that human cognition is more dependent on the interaction of brain regions. In addition, due to the distribution difference of EEG features among subjects, the trained regression model can not get accurate results of cross subject personality assessment. In order to solve the problem, this research proposes a personality assessment method based on EEG functional connectivity and domain adaption. This research collected EEG data from 45 normal people under different emotional pictures (positive, negative and neutral). Firstly, the coherence of 59 channels in 5 frequency bands was taken as the original feature set. Then the feature-based domain adaptation was used to map the feature to a new feature space. It can reduce the distribution difference between training and test set in the new feature space, so as to reduce the distribution difference between subjects. Finally, the support vector regression model was trained and tested based on the transformed feature set by leave-one-out cross-validation. What's more, this paper compared the methods used in previous researches. The results showed that the method proposed in this paper improved the performance of regression model and obtained better personality assessment results. This research provides a new method for personality assessment.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Brain , Electroencephalography/methods , Emotions , Humans , Personality Assessment
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799044

ABSTRACT

Since the China Gastrointestinal Cancer Surgery Union was established, it has continuously collected the annual reports of 95 gastrointestinal surgery centers nationwide from 2014 to 2017, and collected data on more than 130 000 cases of gastric cancer. This article combines the experience of associated databases at home and abroad to analyze the construction of the China Gastrointestinal Cancer Surgery Union Database, and explore the role of multi-center cooperation and big data analysis in the promotion of gastrointestinal surgery. For a complete database to successfully achieve its ultimate goal, it needs clear goals, continuous funding, a qualified management team, consensus on data content, a high completion rate, and the support and cooperation of an advanced processing system. As a high-quality database with clear construction goals and database project construction based on the goals, while promoting the level of clinical diagnosis and treatment, it is also widely used in risk prediction model development, audit supervision, epidemiological research, health service research, and clinical hypothesis testing, etc. How to build a high-quality database to give a full promotion in clinical diagnosis and treatment is a huge challenge. Although the construction of medical databases in China has just started, we believe that with the further improvement in understanding, management and analysis capabilities for surgical databases, more databases including the China Gastrointestinal Cancer Surgery Union Database will make greater contributions in promoting the development of diagnosis and treatment of gastrointestinal cancer in China and the world.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798908

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the incidence of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) and its risk factors after radical gastrectomy.@*Methods@#The prospective study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 2 089 patients who underwent radical gastrectomy in 22 medical centers between December 2017 and November 2018 were collected, including 380 in the Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University, 351 in the Renji Hospital of Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, 130 in the Ruijin Hospital of Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, 139 in the Peking University Cancer Hospital, 128 in the Fujian Provincial Cancer Hospital, 114 in the First Hospital Affiliated to Army Medical University, 104 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, 104 in the Affiliated Hospital of Qinghai University, 103 in the Weifang People′s Hospital, 102 in the Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, 99 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University, 97 in the Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital Affiliated to Zhejiang University School of Medicine, 60 in the Hangzhou First People′s Hospital Affiliated to Zhejiang University School of Medicine, 48 in the Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, 29 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University, 26 in the Lishui Municipal Central Hospital, 26 in the Guangdong Provincial People′s Hospital, 23 in the Jiangsu Province Hospital, 13 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, 7 in the Second Hospital of Jilin University, 4 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, 2 in the Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital of Capital Medical University. Observation indicators: (1) the incidence of POPF after radical gastrectomy; (2) treatment of grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy; (3) analysis of clinicopathological data; (4) analysis of surgical data; (5) risk factors for grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean±SD, and comparison between groups was analyzed using ANOVA. Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test. Univariate analysis was conducted using the t test or chi-square test based on data excluding missing data of clinico-pathological and surgical data. Multivariate analysis was conducted using the Logistic regression model based on factors with P<0.20 in univariate analysis.@*Results@#There were 2 089 patients screened for eligibility, including 1 512 males, 576 females and 1 without sex information, aged (62±11)years. The body mass index (BMI) was (23±3)kg/m2. (1) The incidence of POPF after radical gastrectomy: the total incidence rate of POPF in the 2 089 patients was 20.728%(433/2 089). The incidence rates of biochemical fistula, grade B pancreatic fistula, and grade C pancreatic fistula were 19.627%(410/2 089), 1.101%(23/2 089), 0, respectively. (2) Treatment of grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy: 2 of 23 patients with grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy had drainage tube placed for more than 21 days and received anti-infective therapy. Four of 23 patients with grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy had ascites detected by imaging examination, of which 2 received peritoneal drainage guided by ultrasound, 1 received failed puncture drainage, 1 received no puncture drainage, and they were given anti-infective therapy. Eleven of 23 patients with grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy had no ascites detected by imaging examinations, and they were given anti-infective therapy and inhibitors of pancreas secretion for clinical manifestation as fever or elevated white blood cells. Six patients with no typical clinical manifestations were given somatostatin to inhibite pancreas secretion and prolonged duration of abdominal drainage tube placement (with a median time of 7 days). All the 23 patients recovered well after treatment, without reoperation. (3) Analysis of clinicopathological data: for the 2 089 patients, BMI, cases with or without neoadjuvant therapy were (23±3)kg/m2, 1 487, 160 of patients without pancreatic fistula, (23±3)kg/m2, 386, 22 of patients with biochemical fistula, and (24±3)kg/m2, 22, 1 of patents with grade B pancreatic fistula, showing significant differences between the three groups (F=5.787, χ2=8.269, P<0.05). (4) Analysis of surgical data: for the 2 089 patients, cases with open surgery, laparoscopic assisted surgery, totally laparoscopic surgery (surgical method), cases with D1 lymph lode dissection, D2 lymph lode dissection, and other lymph lode dissection (range of lymph lode dissection), cases with no omentectomy, partial omentectomy, and total omentectomy (range of omentectomy), cases with no usage of energy facility, usage of CUSA, LigaSure, LigaSure+ CUSA as energy facility, cases with or without biological glue, the number of lymph node dissection were 737, 624, 292, 24, 1 580, 51, 418, 834, 381, 63, 1 530, 23, 16, 1 431, 201, 33±14 of patients without pancreatic fistula, 146, 189, 74, 11, 389, 9, 110, 171, 128, 35, 359, 6, 9, 378, 31, 31±14 of patients with biochemical fistula, and 14, 5, 4, 0, 20, 3, 6, 13, 4, 2, 18, 1, 2, 22, 1, 37±16 of patients with grade B pancreatic fistula, showing significant differences between the three groups (χ2=15.578, 9.397, 15.023, 28.245, 8.359, F=4.945, P<0.05). (5) Risk factors for grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy: results of univariate analysis showed that usage of energy facility was a related factor for grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy (χ2=9.914, P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that laparoscopic assisted surgery, combined evisceration, application of LigaSure + CUSA, the number of lymph lode dissection were independent factors for for grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy (odds ratio=0.168, 3.922, 9.250, 1.030, 95% confidence interval: 0.036-0.789, 1.031-14.919, 1.036-82.602, 1.001-1.059, P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#The incidence of grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy is relatively low. Laparoscopic assisted surgery, combined evisceration, application of LigaSure + CUSA, and the number of lymph lode dissection are independent risk factors for grade B POPF. Trial Registration: This study was registrated at ClinicalTrial.gov in United States with the registration number of NCT03391687.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799567

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the accuracy of the clinical staging by comparing preoperative clinical stage and pathological stage in gastric cancer patients, and to explore the potential beneficial population of neoadjuvant chemotherapy for gastric cancer.@*Methods@#We retrospectively collected the clinical data of consecutive patients with gastric cancer who met the inclusion criteria (gastric adenocarcinoma, undergoing laparoscopic or open D2 radical operation, definite cTNM and pTNM) for admission of the Gastrointestinal Center of Peking University Cancer Hospital from July 2013 to April 2019. Patients with the number of harvested lymph nodes less than 16, history of gastric operation or preoperative radiochemotherapy were excluded. Preoperative clinical stage was obtained from abdominal and pelvic enhanced CT by radiologists, and postoperative pathological stage was derived from postoperative pathology reports. The concordance rate between preoperative clinical stage and postoperative pathological stage, and the proportion of pathological stage I in patients with specific preoperative clinical TNM stage were analyzed and compared. The potential beneficial population of neoadjuvant chemotherapy were considered as pI < 5%. Relationship between clinical features and concordance rate of stage was further analysed.@*Results@#A total of 459 patients were included in the analysis, including 321 males and 138 females with mean age of 60 (23 to 85) years old. The concordance rate from T1 to T4 between preoperative clinical T staging and postoperative pathological T staging was 82.5% (33/40), 31.1% (28/90), 34.4% (62/180), and 55.0% (96/149), respectively. The concordance rate from N0 to N3 between preoperative clinical N staging and postoperative pathological N staging was 58.8% (134/228), 22.1% (19/86), 23.6% (26/110), and 54.3% (19/35), respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of abdominal enhanced CT in the diagnosis of lymph node metastasis were 64.5% (171/265) and 69.1% (134/194) respectively. The clinical stage of cT3/T4 patients with pathological stage I was 9.1% (30/329), and the sensitivity of corresponding pathological stage III was 94.8% (164/173), while the cT3/4+cN1-3 patients with pathological stage I stage was 1.4% (3/218), and the sensitivity of corresponding pathological phase III was 76.9% (133/173). Tumor location was associated with the concordance of cT/pT staging [gastroesophageal junction: 64 (56.6%), upper stomach: 9 (9/17), middle stomach: 31 (40.3%), lower stomach: 97 (39.9%), whole stomach: 4(4/9), χ2=9.845, P=0.043]; the degree of tumor differentiation was associated with the concordance of cN/pN staging [poorly differentiated: 94 (42.3%), moderated differentiated: 92 (41.1%), well differentiated: 12 (12/13), χ2=13.261, P=0.001], whose differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Based on a single-center retrospective data from Peking University Cancer Hospital, we think that the potential beneficial population of neoadjuvant chemotherapy for gastric cancer are those clinically staged as cT3/4+N1-3.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865149

ABSTRACT

The digestive tract reconstruction after laparoscopic total gastrectomy has always been a hotspot but a difficult subject as well in gastric cancer surgery. The clinical technical characteristics and advantages of different digestive tract reconstruction methods by using linear stapler, circular stapler or hand-sewn anastomosis in laparoscopic surgery have formed consensuses. However, there is still insufficient clinical evidence for the safety evaluation of different digestive tract reconstruction methods. Combined with current clinical research progress and their clinical practice, the authors summarize and investigate the status and methods of safety evaluation of common digestive tract reconstruction after laparoscopic total gastrectomy.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865094

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the computed tomography (CT) features of adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy.Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 59 patients with AEG who underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy in Peking University Cancer Hospital from February 2010 to November 2014 were collected. There were 51 males and 8 females, aged from 46 to 82 years, with a median age of 63 years. All the 59 patients underwent enhanced CT examination before and after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Observation indicators: (1) pathological examination and neoadjuvant chemotherapy of patients with AEG; (2) results of CT examination in patients with AEG, including ① qualitative indicators of CT and ② quantitative indicators of CT. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( P25, P75) or M (range), and comparison between groups was analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were described as absolute numbers, and comparison between groups was analyzed by the chi-square test. Results:(1) Pathological examination and neoadjuvant chemotherapy of patients with AEG: of the 59 patients with AEG, high-differentiated adenocarcinoma was observed in 1 patient, moderate-differentiated adenocarcinoma in 40 patients, and low-differentiated adenocarcinoma in 18 patients. Effective response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy was observed in 13 patients, including 6 patients of pathological tumor regression grading (pTRG) 0 and 7 of pTRG 1; poor response was observed in 46 patients, including 12 patients of pTRG 2 and 34 patients of pTRG 3. (2) Results of CT examination in patients with AEG. ① Qualitative indicators of CT: for the 13 patients with effective response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy, 13 had the presence of ulcers, 5 had layered enhancement, 10 had infiltration of adventitia surface, and 2 had positive extramural venous invasion (EMVI) before neoadjuvant chemotherapy; after neoadjuvant chemotherapy, 13 had shallowed or disappeared ulcers, 7 patients had changed enhancement pattern, 3 had infiltration of adventitia surface, and 1 had positive EMVI. For the 46 patients with poor response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy, 28 had the presence of ulcers, 18 had layered enhancement, 37 had infiltration of adventitia surface, and 22 had positive EMVI before neoadjuvant chemotherapy; after neoadjuvant chemotherapy, 23 had shallowed or disappeared ulcers, 7 patients had changed layered enhancement pattern, 33 had infiltration of adventitia surface and 21 had positive EMVI, respectively. There was no significant difference in the layered enhancement or infiltration of adventitia surface before neoadjuvant chemotherapy between patients with different treatment response ( χ2=0.002, 0.000, P>0.05). There were significant differences in the presence of ulcers and positive EMVI before neoadjuvant chemotherapy between patients with different treatment response ( χ2=5.591, 4.421, P<0.05). After neoadjuvant chemotherapy, there were significant differences in the changes of layered enhancement pattern, infiltration of adventitia surface and positive EMVI between patients with different treatment response ( χ2=6.359, 10.090, 4.728, P<0.05); while there was no significant difference in the shallowed or disappeared ulcers between patients with different treatment response ( χ2=1.239, P>0.05). ② Quantitative indicators of CT: for the 13 patients with good response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy, the maximum tumor height, the maximum tumor area, enhanced CT value of the lesion before neoadjuvant chemotherapy were 1.37 cm(0.94 cm, 1.88 cm), 8.9 cm 2 (4.7 cm 2, 9.9 cm 2), 53 HU(47 HU, 63 HU), respectively. After neoadjuvant chemotherapy, the above indicators were 1.17 cm(0.79 cm, 1.29 cm), 4.4 cm 2(2.5 cm 2, 6.1 cm 2), 30 HU(25 HU, 53 HU), respectively. The change rates of the maximum tumor height, the maximum tumor area, and enhanced CT value of the lesion were -23%(-42%, 9%), -51%(-60 %, -21%), -44%(-51%, 19%), respectively. For the 46 patients with poor response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy, the maximum tumor height, the maximum tumor area, enhanced CT value of the lesion were 1.57 cm(1.21 cm, 1.96 cm), 9.4 cm 2(6.6 cm 2, 13.1 cm 2), 60 HU(53 HU, 66 HU) before neoadjuvant chemotherapy, respectively. After neoadjuvant chemotherapy, the above indicators were 1.16 cm(0.94 cm, 1.37 cm), 6.2 cm 2(4.8 cm 2, 8.1 cm 2), 55 HU(47 HU, 65 HU), respectively. The change rates of the maximum tumor height, the maximum tumor area, and enhanced CT value of the lesion were -27%(-38%, -9%), -33%(-47%, -12%), -9%(-22%, 9%), respectively. There was no significant difference in the maximum tumor height, the maximum tumor area, enhanced CT value of the lesion before neoadjuvant chemotherapy between patients with different treatment response ( Z=-1.372, -1.372, -1.331, P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the maximum tumor height after neoadjuvant chemotherapy between patients with different treatment response ( Z=-0.503, P>0.05), while there were significant differences in the maximum tumor area and CT value of the lesion ( Z=-2.743, -3.049, P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the change rate of the maximum tumor height or the maximum tumor area between patients with different treatment response ( Z=0.000, -1.481, P>0.05), while there was a significant difference in the change rate of CT value of the lesion ( Z=-3.231, P<0.05). Conclusion:Effective response of AEG to neoadjuvant chemotherapy was characterized by the changes in tumor layered enhancement pattern, reduction in the maximum tumor area, reduced CT value of the lesion, negative infiltration of adventitia surface, and negative EMVI.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865049

ABSTRACT

Since the outbreak of Corona Virus Disease 2019 occurred in December 2019, the reduction of population mobility has curbed the spread of the epidemic to some extent but also prolonged the waiting time for the treatment of patients with gastric cancer. Based on fully understanding the different staging characteristics of gastric cancer, clinical departments should develop reasonable out-of-hospital management strategies. On one hand, reasonable communication channels should be established to allow patients to receive adequate guidance out of the hospital. On the other hand, shared decisions with patients should be made to adjust treatment strategies, and education on viral prevention should be implemented to minimize the impact of the epidemic on tumor treatment.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865015

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the incidence of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) and its risk factors after radical gastrectomy.Methods The prospective study was conducted.The clinicopathological data of 2 089 patients who underwent radical gastrectomy in 22 medical centers between December 2017 and November 2018 were collected,including 380 in the Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University,351 in the Renji Hospital of Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine,130 in the Ruijin Hospital of Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine,139 in the Peking University Cancer Hospital,128 in the Fujian Provincial Cancer Hospital,114 in the First Hospital Affiliated to Army Medical University,104 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University,104 in the Affiliated Hospital of Qinghai University,103 in the Weifang People's Hospital,102 in the Fujian Medical University Union Hospital,99 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University,97 in the Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital Affiliated to Zhejiang University School of Medicine,60 in the Hangzhou First People's Hospital Affiliated to Zhejiang University School of Medicine,48 in the Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center,29 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University,26 in the Lishui Municipal Central Hospital,26 in the Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital,23 in the Jiangsu Province Hospital,13 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University,7 in the Second Hospital of Jilin University,4 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University,2 in the Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital of Capital Medical University.Observation indicators:(1) the incidence of POPF after radical gastrectomy;(2) treatment of grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy;(3) analysis of clinicopathological data;(4) analysis of surgical data;(5) risk factors for grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy.Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean±SD,and comparison between groups was analyzed using ANOVA.Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages,and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test.Univariate analysis was conducted using the t test or chi-square test based on data excluding missing data of clinicopathological and surgical data.Multivariate analysis was conducted using the Logistic regression model based on factors with P<0.20 in univariate analysis.Results There were 2 089 patients screened for eligibility,including 1 512 males,576 females and 1 without sex information,aged (62± 11)years.The body mass index (BMI) was (23±3) kg/m2.(1) The incidence of POPF after radical gastrectomy:the total incidence rate of POPF in the 2 089 patients was 20.728%(433/2 089).The incidence rates of biochemical fistula,grade B pancreatic fistula,and grade C pancreatic fistula were 19.627%(410/2 089),1.101%(23/2 089),0,respectively.(2) Treatment of grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy:2 of 23 patients with grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy had drainage tube placed for more than 21 days and received anti-infective therapy.Four of 23 patients with grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy had ascites detected by imaging examination,of which 2 received peritoneal drainage guided by ultrasound,1 received failed puncture drainage,1 received no puncture drainage,and they were given anti-infective therapy.Eleven of 23 patients with grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy had no ascites detected by imaging examinations,and they were given anti-infective therapy and inhibitors of pancreas secretion for clinical manifestation as fever or elevated white blood cells.Six patients with no typical clinical manifestations were given somatostatin to inhibite pancreas secretion and prolonged duration of abdominal drainage tube placement (with a median time of 7 days).All the 23 patients recovered well after treatment,without reoperation.(3) Analysis of clinicopathological data:for the 2 089 patients,BMI,cases with or without neoadjuvant therapy were (23±3) kg/m2,1 487,160 of patients without pancreatic fistula,(23±3)kg/m2,386,22 of patients with biochemical fistula,and (24±3)kg/m2,22,1 of patents with grade B pancreatic fistula,showing significant differences between the three groups (F=5.787,x2 =8.269,P<0.05).(4) Analysis of surgical data:for the 2 089 patients,cases with open surgery,laparoscopic assisted surgery,totally laparoscopic surgery (surgical method),cases with D1 lymph lode dissection,D2 lymph lode dissection,and other lymph lode dissection (range of lymph lode dissection),cases with no omentectomy,partial omentectomy,and total omentectomy (range of omentectomy),cases with no usage of energy facility,usage of CUSA,LigaSure,LigaSure+CUSA as energy facility,cases with or without biological glue,the number of lymph node dissection were 737,624,292,24,1 580,51,418,834,381,63,1 530,23,16,1 431,201,33±14 of patients without pancreatic fistula,146,189,74,11,389,9,110,171,128,35,359,6,9,378,31,31± 14 of patients with biochemical fistula,and 14,5,4,0,20,3,6,13,4,2,18,1,2,22,1,37±16 of patients with grade B pancreatic fistula,showing significant differences between the three groups (x2=15.578,9.397,15.023,28.245,8.359,F=4.945,P< 0.05).(5) Risk factors for grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy:results of univariate analysis showed that usage of energy facility was a related factor for grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy (x2=9.914,P<0.05).Results of multivariate analysis showed that laparoscopic assisted surgery,combined evisceration,application of LigaSure + CUSA,the number of lymph lode dissection were independent factors for for grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy (odds ratio=0.168,3.922,9.250,1.030,95% confidence interval:0.036-0.789,1.031-14.919,1.036-82.602,1.001-1.059,P<0.05).Conclusions The incidence of grade B POPF after radical gastrectomy is relatively low.Laparoscopic assisted surgery,combined evisceration,application of LigaSure + CUSA,and the number of lymph lode dissection are independent risk factors for grade B POPF.Trial Registration:This study was registrated at ClinicalTrial.gov in United States with the registration number of NCT03391687.

14.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 510-513, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863373

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction(AEG) has become an academic hot spot. Due to the requirements of resection margin, lymph node dissection, and digestive tract reconstruction, appropriate operation pathways of Siewert Ⅱ/Ⅲ type of AEG are still on the consensus. The abdominal-transhiatal approach (TH) to treat AEG is characterized by less injury, convenient abdominal lymph nodes dissection, but limited space for mediastinal lymph nodes dissection and digestive tract reconstruction. Taken the current clinical research evidence and domestic clinical application status, it is more appropriate to choose the TH approach for the Siewert Ⅱ/Ⅲ AEG patients whose esophageal was involved less than 2cm. On this basis, relevant clinical studies are still needed to be well designed and carried out to obtain more evidence andpromote the precision medicine of AEG.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753016

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application value of carbon nanoparticle labeled lymph node staining in radical resection of adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction with preoperative chemoradiotherapy.Methods The retrospective cohort study was conducted.The clinicopathological data of 56 patients with adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction who underwent preoperative chemoradiotherapy in the Peking University Cancer Hospital from January 2014 to November 2017 were collected.There were 52 males and 4 females,aged from 22 to 76 years,with an average age of 62 years.Among 56 patients undergoing total gastrectomy and D2 lymphadenectomy,17 using carbon nanoparticle lymph node staining and 39 using traditional lymph node sorting were respectively allocated into observation group and control group.Observation indicators:(1) treatment situations;(2) detection of lymph nodes;(3) perioperative complications;(4) follow-up.Followup using outpatient examination and telephone interview was performed to detect tumor recurrence or metastasis up to May 2019.Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean±SD,and comparison between groups was evaluated by the independent sample t test.Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (range),and comparison between groups was evaluated by the Mann-Whitney U test.Count data were described as absolute numbers,and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test or Fisher exact propability.Comparison of ordinal data was analyzed using the nonparametric rank sum test.Results (1) Treatment situations:patients in both groups were successfully treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy based on intensity modulated radiotherapy before operation.Radical gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy was successfully performed after chemoradiotherapy,and Roux-en-Y esophagojejunostomy was used to reconstruct the digestive tract during operation.The operation time and volume of intraoperative blood loss were respectively (217± 58)minutes and (112±60)mL in the observation group,and (235±65) minutes and (119±77)mL in the control group,with no statistically significant difference between the two groups (t =1.017,0.341,P>0.05).(2) Detection of lymph nodes:the average number of harvested lymph nodes,average number of radiation target lymph nodes,and average number of peritarget lymph nodes were respectively 32± 10,21±8,and 7±4 in the observation group,and 22±7,16±5,5±3 in the control group,with statistically significant differences between the two groups (t=4.138,2.881,2.401,P<0.05).The median number of positive lymph nodes harvested,median number of positive radiation target lymph nodes,and median number of positive peritarget lymph nodes were respectively 0 (range,0-2),0 (range,0-2),and 0 (range,0-0) in the observation group,and 0 (range,0-7),0 (range,0-3),and 0 (range,0-1) in the control group,showing no statistically significant difference between the two groups (Z=1.305,1.101,0.660,P > 0.05).(3) Perioperative complications:6 and 18 patients in the observation group and the control group had complications,respectively,with no statistically significant difference between the two groups (x2=0.570,P>0.05).Patients with complications were improved after drug treatment and local treatment without second operation.No local or systemic adverse reactions caused by carbon nanoparticles was observed during and after operation in the observation group.(4) Follow-up:56 patients were followed up for 5-65 months,with a median follow-up time of 32 months.There were 14 and 6 patients in the observation group and the control group with tumor recurrence or metastasis,respectively,showing no significant difference between the two groups (x2 =0.002,P>0.05).Conclusion Carbon nanoparticle labeled lymph node staining in radical resection of adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction with preoperative chemoradiotherapy can increase the number of harvested lymph nodes.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797962

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To summarize the characteristics of abdominal-pelvic unplanned reoperation (URO) in a cancer hospital.@*Methods@#Retrospectively descriptive cohort research was adopted. The classification of diseases was based on ICD-10, and surgical classification was based on ICD-9-CM-3. Medical record summary database from 2008 to 2018 in Beijing Cancer Hospital was collected, and all URO information of abdominal-pelvic surgery was retrieve. The time of URO, disease type, surgery type and cause were statistically analyzed. Distribution of main disease incidence and constituent ratio, and the application of major surgery and surgery type composition ratio were analyzed as well.@*Results@#From 2008 to 2018, a total of 46854 cases underwent abdominal-pelvic surgery (including gastrointestinal, hepatic-biliary-pancreatic, gynecological, urological, or esophageal cancer surgery) and 713 patients received URO (1.52%), including 486 males and 227 females (2.14:1.00) with a mean age of (58.1±12.2) years. A total of 246 patients (34.50%) had comorbidity, and with comorbidity: without comorbidity was 1.13:1.00. The hospital stay was (44.5±43.0) days, and the total cost was (178000±112000) yuan. There were 22 deaths (3.09%). The median interval between URO and the first operation was 8 (0 to 131) days. The highest rate of URO was 2.45% (89/3629) in 2012, while the lowest was 0.95% (53/5596) in 2015. The top 3 major cancer types of URO included colorectal cancer (222 cases, 31.14%), gastric cancer (166 cases, 23.28%) and esophageal cancer (45 cases, 6.31%). The cancer types with the highest URO rate included pancreatic cancer (3.97%, 30/756), gastric cancer (1.81%, 166/9171) and colorectal cancer (1.80%, 222/12333). The top 3 surgical procedures resulting in URO were rectal resection (109 cases, 15.29%), total gastrectomy (79 cases, 11.08%), and total pancreatectomy (64 cases, 8.98%). Focusing on 497 URO cases from 2012 to 2018, 465 cases (93.56%) followed relatively difficult grade III and IV surgery, while only 32 cases (6.44%) followed grade I and II surgery. The top 5 main causes of URO were bleeding (225 cases, 31.56%), anastomotic leak (225 cases, 31.56%), infection (89 cases, 12.48%), intestinal obstruction (53 cases, 7.43%), and wound dehiscence (35 cases, 4.91%), adding up to a total of 87.94% of all URO.@*Conclusion@#This study summarizes the epidemiology of abdominal - pelvic URO in our cancer institution, providing the solid baseline for future investigation of URO and the subsequent formulation of corresponding prevention and intervention measures.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733552

ABSTRACT

Medical ethics has a long history and rich connotations.It has developed from the simple "medical morality" of ancient times to the modem medical ethics.The basic principles of medical ethics include autonomy,non-maleficence,beneficence,justice,and so on.Researchers often conduct clinical researches in the balance between achievements and ethical norms.Clinical researchers of surgery should have a deep understanding of medical ethical principles and strictly abide by medical ethics.Ethics committee should strictly perform their duties and play the role of inspection and supervision.Modem medical knowledges should be popularized throughout the society to make clinical research correctly understood.Adhering principles of ethics first,people orientation and cooperation practice,with patients' benefit as evaluation criteria,balance of surgical "Dao" and "Shu" can be achieved.

18.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 564-568, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754952

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of multi?slice CT?based tumor predominant feeding artery sign in the localization diagnosis of exophytic tumors in the pancreaticogastric space. Methods CT images of 34 patients with pathologically proven exophytic tumors located in the pancreaticogastric space including 20 gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) and 14 pancreatic tumors, 7 patients of neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN) and 7 patients of solid pseudopapillary neoplasms (SPN) were retrospectively analyzed. Two radiologists identified the tumor feeding arteries of the tumors and made the localization diagnoses. The inter?observer agreement was evaluated by Kappa coefficient. Chi?square test or Fisher exact test was used to compare the visualization of tumor predominant feeding artery sign in the two groups. Results The tumor feeding arteries were identified in 19 of 20 gastric GISTs and 13 of 14 pancreatic tumors. The two observers had a good agreement on the origins of the tumor feeding arteries (Kappa coefficient: 0.681). There was statistically significant difference in the origins of the tumor feeding arteries between the two groups (χ2=23.86,P<0.01). The blood supplies of most GISTs originated from gastric arteries, while those of most pancreatic tumors originated from the pancreatic branch of splenic artery. The tumor predominant feeding artery sign was identified in 17 gastric GISTs (17/20, 85.0%) and 11 pancreatic tumors (11/14, 78.6%). There was no statistically significant difference in the positive rate of the sign between the two groups (P=1.000). For all tumors enrolled, the sensitivities, specificities, accuracies, positive predictive values, and negative predictive values of the sign for the localization diagnosis of gastric GISTs and pancreatic tumors were 85.0% (17/20), 92.9% (13/14), 88.2% (30/34), 94.4% (17/18), 81.3% (13/16) and 71.4% (10/14), 100.0% (20/20), 88.2% (30/34), 100.0% (10/10), 83.3% (20/24), respectively. Conclusion The tumor predominant feeding artery sign on multi?slice CT can assist in the localization diagnosis of gastric and pancreatic exophytic tumors in the pancreaticogastric space.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754370

ABSTRACT

Objective: Intraperitoneal chemotherapy is increasingly being used in the treatment of gastric cancer with peritoneal me-tastasis, because the drug can directly act on the metastatic nodules. Repeated treatment can be administered through implanted ports, provided the ports are appropriately managed. Our study aimed to investigate the safety of peritoneal port implantation in pa-tients with gastric cancer with peritoneal metastasis. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients undergoing intra-peritoneal port implantation for the administration of chemotherapy between June 2015 and June 2018 to investigate the causes of complications and to discuss their management and prevention. Results: Fifty-five ports were implanted in 54 patients with median us-age time of 8.4 (0.8-32.0) months. Complications occurred at 13 port sites (23.6%), including obstruction (7.3%), severe pain (5.5%), in-fection (3.6%), reflux (3.6%), access difficulty (1.8%), and subcutaneous mass formation (1.8%). The median interval from the time of port implantation to the development of complications was 2.1 months. No factor contributing to the complications was identified (P>0.05). Conclusions: Peritoneal port implantation to systematic chemotherapy in patients with gastric cancer with peritoneal metastasis is safe and feasible if the ports can be carefully managed.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743963

ABSTRACT

The postoperative complications in patients with gastric or colorectal cancer has been common but seriously affecting patients' recovery and even their life safety.According to the database of China Gastrointestinal Cancer Surgery Union,abdominal infectious complications are the main causes of secondary surgery and postoperative death,which deserve clinical attention.However,the incidence rate of postoperative abdominal infection varies widely from center to center.Due to the lack of nationwide data,it is unable to determine the incidence of abdominal infectious complications reasonably and formulate the corresponding strategies of evidence-based diagnosis and treatment.Therefore,this multi-center prospective cohort study,i.e.prediction of abdominal complication after gastroenterological surgery (PACAGE),aims to investigate the incidence,classification and outcomes of postoperative abdominal infection in patients with gastric or colorectal cancer,to implement the standardization of the complication registration,and to provide necessary data for improving surgical safety,preventing abdominal infection and decreasing the rate of postoperative complications in the future.

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