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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007907

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to investigate the effect and underlying mechanism of Fructus lycii in improving exercise fatigue.@*METHODS@#A network pharmacological approach was used to explore potential mechanisms of action of Fructus lycii. Skeletal muscle C2C12 cells and immunofluorescence were employed to verify the effect and mechanism of the representative components in Fructus lycii predicted by network pharmacological analysis.@*RESULTS@#Six potential active components, namely quercetin, β-sitosterol, stigmasterol, 7-O-methylluteolin-6-C-beta-glucoside_qt, atropine, and glycitein, were identified to have potency in improving exercise fatigue via multiple pathways, such as the PI3K-Akt, neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, IL-17, TNF, and MAPK signaling pathways. The immunofluorescence results indicated that quercetin, a significant active component in Fructus lycii, increased the mean staining area of 2-NBDG, TMRM, and MitoTracker, and decreased the area of CellRox compared to the control. Furthermore, the protein expression levels of p-38 MAPK, p-MAPK, p-JNK, p-PI3K, and p-AKT markedly increased after quercetin treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#Fructus lycii might alleviate exercise fatigue through multiple components and pathways. Among these, quercetin appears to improve exercise fatigue by enhancing energy metabolism and reducing oxidative stress. The PI3K-AKT and MAPK signaling pathways also appear to play a role in this process.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quercetin/therapeutic use , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fatigue/drug therapy
2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 96-103, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006433

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of transplantation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) co-cultured with bone marrow-derived M2 macrophages (M2-BMDMs), named as BMSCM2, on a rat model of liver cirrhosis induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)/2-acetaminofluorene (2-AAF). MethodsRat BMDMs were isolated and polarized into M2 phenotype, and rat BMSCs were isolated and co-cultured with M2-BMDMs at the third generation to obtain BMSCM2. The rats were given subcutaneous injection of CCl4 for 6 weeks to establish a model of liver cirrhosis, and then they were randomly divided into model group (M group), BMSC group, and BMSCM2 group, with 6 rats in each group. A normal group (N group) with 6 rats was also established. Since week 7, the model rats were given 2-AAF by gavage in addition to the subcutaneous injection of CCl4. Samples were collected at the end of week 10 to observe liver function, liver histopathology, and hydroxyproline (Hyp) content in liver tissue, as well as changes in the markers for hepatic stellate cells, hepatic progenitor cells, cholangiocytes, and hepatocytes. A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison of continuous data between multiple groups, and the least significant difference t-test was used for further comparison between two groups. ResultsCompared with the N group, the M group had significant increases in the activities of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (P<0.01); compared with the M group, the BMSC and BMSCM2 groups had significant reductions in ALT and AST (P<0.01), and the BMSCM2 group had significantly better activities than the BMSC group (P<0.05). Compared with the N group, the M group had significant increases in Hyp content and the mRNA and protein expression levels of alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) in the liver (P<0.01); compared with the M group, the BMSC and BMSCM2 groups had significant reductions in Hyp content and the expression of α-SMA (P<0.05), and the BMSCM2 group had a significantly lower level of α-SMA than the BMSC group (P<0.01). Compared with the N group, the M group had significant increases in the mRNA expression levels of the hepatic progenitor cell markers EpCam and Sox9 and the cholangiocyte markers CK7 and CK19 (P<0.01) and significant reductions in the expression levels of the hepatocyte markers HNF-4α and Alb (P<0.01); compared with the M group, the BMSC and BMSCM2 groups had significant reductions in the mRNA expression levels of EpCam, Sox9, CK7, and CK19 (P<0.05) and significant increases in the mRNA expression levels of HNF-4α and Alb (P<0.05), and compared with the BMSC group, the BMSCM2 group had significant reductions in the mRNA expression levels of EpCam and CK19 (P<0.05) and significant increase in the expression level of HNF-4α (P<0.05). ConclusionM2-BMDMs can enhance the therapeutic effect of BMSCs on CCl4/2-AAF-induced liver cirrhosis in rats, which provides new ideas for further improving the therapeutic effect of BMSCs on liver cirrhosis.

3.
Digital Chinese Medicine ; (4): 357-368, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997738

ABSTRACT

@#,Objective To analyze the current status and development trends of the patents of spleen-invigorating health food with the homology of medicine and food in China, and to provide ideas and references for the research and development of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) spleen-invigorating health food with the homology of medicine and food. @*Methods@#The State Administration for Market Regulation website’s “Special Food Information Query Platform” and the incoPat global patent database were searched in this study. Based on the methods of bibliometrics, the registered health food and patents related to spleen-invigorating health food with the homology of medicine and food in China were sorted out. Furthermore, the research and development numbers, provinces, institutions, technology and efficacy classification, major drugs, active ingredients and others of invigorating spleen health food in China were analyzed, and filtered patent data were visualized and analyzed by R programming language and CytoScape software. @*Results@# A total of 285 patents of health food with the homology of medicine and food for invigorating spleen were included and analyzed. From 2012, the patent registration numbers of these spleen-invigorating health food with the homology of medicine and food increased significantly in China. Over the past 20 years, the top five provinces in terms of patent disclosures were Guangdong, Anhui, Jiangsu, Shandong, and Guangxi. It was found that the technical efficacy of over 20 patents was described as “immune enhancement” “digestion” “disease prevention”, etc. Patent applications were mainly aimed at the research and development of the preservation of food or ingredients, the specific therapeutic activity of compounds, and pharmaceutical preparations, which were led by corporation research and development registrations, and supplemented by applications from research institutions and individuals. Among the 285 patents, the top 10 raw materials of spleen-invigorating health food with the homology of medicine and food were Shanyao (Dioscoreae Rhizoma), Fuling (Poria), Shanzha (Crataegi Fructus), Baizhu (Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma), Chenpi (Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium), Dazao (Jujubae Fructus), Gancao (Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma), Fengmi (Mel), Maiya (Hordei Fructus Germinatus), and Dangshen (Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma). The main functions were to nourish spleen and replenish Qi, invigorate spleen and benefit lungs, nourish blood and promote fluid production, and nourish spleen and stomach. @*Conclusion@#The main drug composition and functional components of spleen-invigorating health food with the homology of medicine and food are relatively clear, and the technical effects of invigorating the spleen and stomach, eliminating accumulation of food, and enhancing immunity are highly targeted. This paper provides evidence for the research and development, mechanism research, and process improvement of spleen-invigorating health food with the homology of medicine and food in the future.

4.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 419-426, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994848

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate epidemiological and clinical characteristics of botulism, and the adverse events among those received botulinum antitoxin treatment.Methods:Patients with discharge diagnosis as botulism in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University were enrolled between 2017 and 2021. The epidemiological and clinical characteristics were evaluated. Infection and mechanical ventilation as in-hospital outcomes according to baseline characteristics were analyzed. Patients with and without the interested outcomes were compared. The adverse outcomes among those received botulinum antitoxin treatment were investigated. Those with and without the adverse outcomes were also compared.Results:Sixty-seven cases of botulism were enrolled, and most cases got sick between January and March (32/67, 47.8%); among them 62 cases were Han ethnicity (92.5%); prevalence was highest in Aksu region (15/67, 22.4%); commonly seen symptoms and signs included fatigue (58/67, 86.6%), dysphagia (48/67, 71.6%), dizziness (42/67, 62.7%), ptosis (42/67, 62.7%), blurred vision (41/67, 61.2%), and limb weakness (35/67, 52.2%). Compared with patients without in-hospital infection ( n=52), patients with in-hospital infection ( n=15) were more likely to have severe botulism (0/52 vs 5/15, χ 2=19.79, P<0.001), diplopia (16/52, 30.8% vs 11/15, χ 2=8.77, P=0.003), dysarthria (17/52, 32.7% vs 11/15, χ 2=7.91, P=0.005), consciousness disorder (1/52, 1.9% vs 4/15, χ 2=10.32, P=0.008). Compared with patients without mechanical ventilation (62/67, 92.5%), patients with mechanical ventilation (5/67, 7.5%) were more likely to have severe botulism (5/5 vs 0/62, χ 2=41.17, P<0.001), and consciousness disorder (4/5 vs 1/62, 1.6%, χ 2=29.58, P<0.001). Among 67 cases of botulism, 19 cases (28.4%) had adverse events after receiving antitoxin treatment, with an average of 6.5 days from the antitoxin treatment beginning to the adverse event onset; among the 19 cases, 18 cases (94.7%) had rash. Age, sex, and severity did not differ between the groups with ( n=19) and without adverse events ( n=48) after receiving antitoxin treatment. Conclusions:Fatigue, dysphagia, dizziness, ptosis were the most frequent symptoms and signs in the botulism in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China. Infection was a commonly seen complication of botulism, and proactive prevention and close monitoring were needed. Adverse events after receiving antitoxin were prevalent, and might not be associated with age, sex, and severity of botulism.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994357

ABSTRACT

The latest epidemiological data suggests that the situation of adult diabetes in China is severe, and metabolic diseases have become significant chronic illnesses that have a serious impact on public health and social development. After more than six years of practice, the National Metabolic Management Center(MMC) has developed distinctive approaches to manage metabolic patients and has achieved a series of positive outcomes, continuously advancing the standardized diagnosis and treatment model. In order to further improve the efficiency, based on the first edition, the second edition guideline was composed by incorporating experience of the past six years in conjunction with the latest international and domestic guidelines.

6.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 394-403, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992614

ABSTRACT

Hip fractures are among the most common fractures in the elderly, presenting to be a leading cause of disability and mortality. Surgical treatment is currently the main treatment method for hip fractures. The incidence of perioperative malnutrition is increased after hip fractures in the elderly due to the comorbidities, decreased basal metabolic rate, accelerated protein breakdown, weakened anabolism and surgical stress. However, malnutrition not only increases the incidence of postoperative complications, but also leads to increased mortality, indicating an important role of perioperative nursing management of nutrition for the elderly patients with hip fractures. At present, there still lacks scientific guidance and application standards on perioperative nursing management of nutrition for the elderly patients with hip fractures. Therefore, the Orthopedic Nursing Committee of Chinese Nursing Association and the Editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Trauma organized relevant experts to formulate the Expert consensus on perioperative nursing management of nutrition for elderly patients with hip fractures ( version 2023) according to evidence-based medical evidences and their clinical experiences. Fourteen recommendations were made from aspects of nutrition screening, nutrition assessment, nutrition diagnosis, nutrition intervention and nutrition monitoring to provide guidance for perioperative nursing management of nutrition in elderly patients with hip fractures.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990984

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the changes of perioperative serum osteosclerosis protein (SOST) and Dickkopf-3 (Dkk-3) in elderly patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture.Methods:Thirty elderly patients who underwent reduction and fixation of femoral intertrochanteric fracture in Baoding Second Hospital from May 2017 to December 2017 were prospectively selected as the observation group; 30 healthy subjects in the same period were selected as the healthy control group. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the expression of serum SOST and Dkk-3 at 1 d before operation and at 1, 3, 5 d after operation and compared with the same period of healthy physical examination(normal control group). Spearman rank correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between SOST and Dkk-3 and disease activity score (ASDAS) and spinal imaging evaluation score (mSASSS).Results:There was a positive correlation between Dkk-3 level and ASDAS score in the observation group ( r = 0.331, P = 0.012); the level of SOST was negatively correlated with the scores of ASDAS ( r = - 0.162, P = 0.017). The levels of serum SOST and Dkk-3 in the observation group were lower than those in the healthy control group: 1.29(1.00, 2.40) μg/L vs. 1.96(1.63, 2.65) μg/L, (6.11 ± 1.15) μg/L vs. (9.81 ± 1.76) μg/L, P<0.05. The levels of serum SOST and Dkk-3 in the observation group increased first and then decreased on the 1st, 3rd and 5th day after operation. The level of serum Dkk-3 increased to the highest level on the 3rd day after operation, and then decreased gradually, but it was still slightly higher than that before operation. The level of serum SOST in the observation group increased to the highest level 1st day after operation, and decreased at 3rd and 5th day after operation. The perioperative serum levels of SOST and Dkk-3 in the observation group were positively correlated, the correlation coefficient was the largest at 1 day after operation ( r = 0.571) and the lowest before operation ( r = 0.119). Conclusions:The perioperative serum levels of SOST and Dkk-3 in elderly patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture increased first and then decreased. The change of serum SOST level is more sensitive and can be used as a sensitive index to reflect the change of osteogenic ability.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990398

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the protective effect of foam dressing in preventing intraoperative acquired pressure injury (IAPI), and to provide reference basis for prevention and treatment of IAPI during clinical operation.Methods:The clinical data of 455 surgical patients admitted to Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University from October 2020 to January 2021 were retrospectively collected. According to whether foam dressing was used at the compression site during operation, the patients were divided into dressing group (101 cases) and control group (354 cases). The two groups were matched with age, body mass index, preoperative Braden and cerebrovascular disease as covariates, and were finally divided into 89 patients in the dressing group and 162 patients in the control group. Logistic regression analysis and stratified analysis were used to comprehensively evaluate the actual effect of foam dressing on the occurrence of IAPI in the surgical patients.Results:Among the 251 patients, there were 14 (15.7%) cases with IAPI in the dressing group and 13 (8.0%) cases in the control group, and the difference was not statistically significant ( χ2=3.41, P>0.05). Among the patients in the prone position, compared to the control group, the dressing group can effectively reduce the risk of IAPI in surgical patients by 77% ( OR=0.23, 95% CI 0.05-0.98, P<0.05). There was no interaction between foam dressing and intraoperative surgical characteristics ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Foam dressing plays a protective role in preventing the occurrence of IAPI in patients undergoing surgery in the prone position. There was no significant protective effect of intraoperative foam dressing in patients with other surgical characteristics.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990031

ABSTRACT

The data of a patient with autosomal dominant optic atrophy (ADOA) and chronic renal insufficiency caused by SSBP1 gene mutation in the Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University in July 2021 was analyzed retrospectively.Literature was reviewed.The patient was a 10-year-old girl, who visited the hospital due to " growth retardation for the past 3 years and elevated serum creatinine (Scr) for the past 2 years" . On admission, the patient′s height was 130 cm (<10 th percentile of the same sex of healthy age) and her weight was 22 kg (<3 rd precentile of the same sex of healthy age). Lab examination showed that the level of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) was 16.3 mmol/L, Scr was 115.4 μmol/L, and the estimated glomerular filtration rate was 41 mL/(min·1.73 m 2). The patient was complicated with metabolic acidosis and mild anemia.Imaging findings showed small volume of both kidneys, increased background parenchymal enhancement, scattered spot-like hyperechoes and unclear boundary between the cortex and medulla.Additionally, the patient had a history of optic atrophy.Both the father and mother of the patient had no related phenotypes.The genetic test of the patient showed that c. 320G>A (p.R107Q) was a heterozygous missense mutation, which was spontaneous.A total of 5 English papers were retrieved.There were 8 kinds of SSBP1 gene mutations reported, including 7 heterozygous missense mutations [c.320G>A (p.Arg107Gln), c.119G>T (p.Gly40Val), c.331G>C (p.Glu111Gln), c.184A>G (p.Asn62Asp), c.113G>A (p.Arg38Gln), c.422G>A (p.Ser141Asn), c.79G>A (p.Glu27Lys)] and 1 homozygous mutation [c.394A>G (p.Ile132Val)]. Studies have established that almost all patients carrying SSBP1 mutations have manifestations of eye involvement, and that some patients are complicated with progressive deterioration of renal function, sensorineural deafness, growth retardation, and hypothyroidism.It suggests that SSBP1 gene mutation can cause ADOA.For patients with optic atrophy, whether they are complicated with hearing loss and growth retardation, renal morphology and renal function evaluation are recommended.Early genetic examination is helpful for diagnosis and treatment.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960918

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the clinical effect of Tiaoxin formula in the treatment of patients with coronary heart disease and anxiety/depression and its impact on serum levels of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), β- thromboglobulin (β-TG) and myeloperoxidase (MPO). MethodA total of 66 patients with coronary heart disease and anxiety/depression were randomly divided into the Tiaoxin formula group and Deanxit group, 33 cases in each group. Both groups were given fundamental western treatment for coronary heart disease. Additionally, the Deanxit group was treated with flupentixol and melitracen tablets and the Tiaoxin formula group was treated with Tiaoxin Formula. The treatment lasted 8 weeks. Before and after treatment, the changes of clinical efficacy, Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) scale, Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ), heart rate variability, and serum 5-HT, β-TG and MPO levels, and incidence of adverse reactions in the two groups were observed. ResultThere was no significant difference in the baseline indexes of patients in the two groups, and thus the two groups were comparable. After treatment for 8 weeks, the total effective rate for traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndromes in the Tiaoxin Formula group was 87.88% (29/33) higher than 63.64% (21/33) in the Deanxit group (Z=-2.653, P<0.05). Compared with those before treatment, the PHQ-9 and GAD-7 scores of the two groups were decreased at week 4 and 8 of treatment (P<0.05), and there was no statistical difference between two groups. And the SAQ dimension scores of the two groups were increased at week 4 and 8 of treatment (P<0.05). Compared with the Deanxit group, the Tiaoxin Formula group had elevation in two dimension scores: Physical limitation and angina stability (P<0.05). Compared with the conditions before treatment, the serum 5-HT level in the two groups were increased, while the β-TG and MPO levels were lowered (P<0.05), and there was no distinct difference between two groups. In addition, the standard deviation of normal-to-normal intervals (SDNN) and standard deviation of average normal-to-normal intervals (SDANN) of the heart rate variability in the Tiaoxin formula group were elevated after treatment (P<0.05), which were more significant than those of the Deanxit group (P<0.05). During the treatment period, the incidence of adverse drug reactions in the Tiaoxin formula group was lower than that in the Deanxit group (P<0.05), and no adverse events were observed in the two groups. ConclusionTiaoxin formula was effective for the treatment of patients with coronary heart disease accompanied by anxiety and depression, which improved the clinical symptoms, increased serum 5-HT levels, and decreased serum β-TG and MPO levels, and had few adverse reactions and high safety for patients, showing a high clinical value.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970536

ABSTRACT

This study screened excellent carriers for co-loading tanshinone Ⅱ_A(TSA) and astragaloside Ⅳ(As) to construct antitumor nano-drug delivery systems for TSA and As. TSA-As microemulsions(TSA-As-MEs) were prepared by water titration. TSA-As metal-organic framework(MOF) nano-delivery system was prepared by loading TSA and As in MOF by the hydrothermal method. Dynamic light scattering(DLS), transmission electron microscopy(TEM), and scanning electron microscopy(SEM) were used to characterize the physicochemical properties of the two preparations. Drug loading was determined by HPLC and the effects of the two preparations on the proliferation of vascular endothelial cells, T lymphocytes, and hepatocellular carcinoma cells were detected by the CCK-8 method. The results showed that the particle size, Zeta potential, and drug loading of TSA-As-MEs were(47.69±0.71) nm,(-14.70±0.49) mV, and(0.22±0.01)%, while those of TSA-As-MOF were(258.3±25.2) nm,(-42.30 ± 1.27) mV, and 15.35%±0.01%. TSA-As-MOF was superior to TSA-As-MEs in drug loading, which could inhibit the proliferation of bEnd.3 cells at a lower concentration and improve the proliferation ability of CTLL-2 cells significantly. Therefore, MOF was preferred as an excellent carrier for TSA and As co-loading.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Endothelial Cells , Abietanes , Cell Line
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970521

ABSTRACT

Currently,the research or publications related to the clinical comprehensive evaluation of Chinese patent medicine are increasing,which attracts the broad attention of all circles. According to the completed clinical evaluation report on Chinese patent medicine,there are still practical problems and technical difficulties such as unclear responsibility of the evaluation organization,unclear evaluation subject,miscellaneous evaluation objects,and incomplete and nonstandard evaluation process. In terms of evaluation standards and specifications,there are different types of specifications or guidelines with different emphases issued by different academic groups or relevant institutions. The professional guideline is required to guide the standardized and efficient clinical comprehensive evaluation of Chinese patent medicine and further improve the authority and quality of evaluation. In combination with the characteristics of Chinese patent medicine and the latest research achievement at home and abroad,the detailed specifications were formulated from six aspects including design,theme selection,content and index,outcome,application and appraisal,and quality control. The guideline was developed based on the guideline development requirements of China Assoication of Chinese medicine. After several rounds of expert consensus and public consultation,the current version of the guideline has been developed.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs , Consensus , China , Reference Standards , Drugs, Chinese Herbal
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970506

ABSTRACT

The chemical constituents from the fruits of Morinda citrifolia were systematically explored by chromatographic fractionation methods including silica gel, octadecylsilyl(ODS) gel, Sephadex LH-20 gel, and preparative high performance liquid chromatography(pre-HPLC). The chemical structures of all isolated compounds were identified on the basis of their physicochemical properties, spectroscopic analyses, as well as the comparisons of their physicochemical and spectroscopic data with the reported data in literature. As a result, 22 isolated compounds from the 90% ethanol extract of the fruits of M. citrifolia were identified, which were moricitritone(1), 2'-deoxythymidine(2), cyclo-(L-Pro-L-Tyr)(3), methyl-5-hydroxy-2-pyridinecarboxylate(4), methyl pyroglutamate(5), bisbenzopyran(6), epipinoresinol(7), 3, 3'-bisdemethyl pinoresinol(8), 3, 3'-bisdemethyltanegool(9), trimesic acid(10), crypticin B(11), kojic acid(12), vanillic acid(13), protocatechoic acid(14), 5-hydroxymethyl furfural(15), blumenol A(16), 1-O-(9Z, 12Z-octadecadienoyl) glycerol(17), mucic acid dimethylester(18), methyl 2-O-β-D-glucopyranosylbenzoate(19), 2-phenylethyl-O-β-D-glucoside(20), scopoletin(21), and quercetin(22). Among them, compound 1 was a new pyrone derivative, compounds 2, 4-7, 10-12, and 17 were isolated from the plants belonging to Morinda genus for the first time, and compound 18 was obtained from M. citrifolia for the first time. Moreover, on the basis of testing the activities of all isolated compounds on inhibiting the proliferation of synovial fibroblasts in vitro by MTS assay, the anti-rheumatoid arthritis activities of all isolated compounds were initially evaluated. The results showed that compounds 1-6, 9, 19, and 20 exhibited remarkable anti-rheumatoid arthritis activities, which displayed the inhibitory effects on the proliferation of MH7A synovial fibroblast cells with the IC_(50) values in the range of(3.69±0.08) to(168.96±0.98) μmol·L~(-1).


Subject(s)
Fruit/chemistry , Morinda/chemistry , Synoviocytes , Cell Proliferation , Arthritis
14.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 722-729, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015167

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of interleukin (IL)-6 on nucleated erythrocytes in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced preeclampsia rats. Methods ELISA and immunohistochemistry were used to detect the IL-6 in peripheral blood and placenta of preeclampsia and normal pregnancy; Flow cytometry and immunofluorescence were used to detect the maternal nucleated erythrocytes. Pregnant SD rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: the control, LPS and LPS +anti-IL-6 group; IL-6, the proportion of nucleated erythrocytes, JAK2/MEK and PI3K/Akt signal-related genes were detected. Results The IL-6 of preeclampsia was higher than that of normal patients. Compared with the Control group, IL-6, the proportion of nucleated erythrocytes and JAK2, P85, Akt, P65, IL-IB mRNA of LPS group increased, the fetal weight decreased; Compared with the LPS group, IL-6, the proportion of nucleated erythrocytes and JAK2, P85, Akt, P65 and IL-IB mRNA of the LPS + anti-IL-6 group decreased. Conclusion The up-regulation of IL-6 of preeclampsia patients is accompanied by increased nucleated erythrocytes in peripheral blood. Neutralizing IL-6 in vivo may down-regulate JAK2/ PI3K/Akt/NF-KB-signal-mediated IL-IB to protect preeclampsia rats.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014628

ABSTRACT

Rivaroxaban, a novel oral anticoagulant drug, is widely prescribed in clinical practice. Rivaroxaban offers predictable pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties, a lowprobability of drug-drug and food-drug interactions. Compared with warfarin, rivaroxaban does not require continuous therapeutic monitoring and can be administered in fixed doses.However,in certain emergency clinical situations, such as bleeding, acute stroke, acute kidney injury, prior to urgent surgery and in the suspected accumulation of durg, plasma concentration monitoring of rivaroxaban is necessary and important for patients. Existing studies proved that there were significant individual variability and wide range in the plasma rivaroxaban concentration, which increased the risk of clinical use. Therefore, Data in the degree of rivaroxaban concentration may provide recommendations for the clinical application to promote medication safety and individuality in the future. This article collected the latest literatures and case reports related to research progress of rivaroxaban plasma concentration monitoring, and Summarized influencing factors, monitoring methods, so as to provide a basis for further study on rational use of rivaroxaban in clinical.

16.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 212-218, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013845

ABSTRACT

Malignant tumor is one of the important reasons threatening human health and safety at present. The application of antiangiogenic drugs and immune checkpoint inhibitors has brought great hope for tumor treatment, but the complex interlaced relationship between tumor blood vessels and immune microenvironment leads to unsatisfactory efficacy. In addition,VEGF, a key driver of tumor angiogenesis, interferes with the maturation of dendritic cells, thereby inhibiting the initiation of T cells. VEGF also induces depletion of CD8+T cells. At the same time, various innate and acquired immune cells secrete angiogenic factors that accelerate uncontrolled angiogenesis and promote vascular immaturity. Therefore targeting tumor blood vessels and immunity is a potential strategy for enhancing tumor immunotherapy. In recent years numerous studies have found that using the blood vessels and the immune intervention strategies combined with antitumor immune therapy has achieved good results. In this review the immune and vascularized tumor microenvironment are reviewed and discussed, and the research progress of vascularized immune interintervention strategy for tumor treatment in recent years is reviewed so as to provide reference for further improving the efficacy of tumor immunotherapy.

17.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 525-531, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013840

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the protective effect of oxymatrine (OMT) on vascular endothelial cell injury induced by palmitic acid ( PA) and its mechanism. Methods Cell viability was detected by MTT assay. Cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry. The levels of oxygen species ( ROS) in cells, and lactate de-hydrogenase, malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD) , glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX) and nitric oxide ( NO) in cell culture medium were detected by ELISA. The protein expressions of bcl-2, bax, caspase-3, Akt and eNOS in HUVECs were detected by Western blot. Results OMT significantly inhibited PA-induced decrease in cell viability and increase in level of LDH in HUVECs. OMT also significantly inhibited PA-induced increase in cell apoptosis, and up-regulated the protein expression ratio of bcl-2/ bax and down-regulated the protein expression of caspase-3. In addition, OMT reduced the levels of ROS and MDA, and increased the levels of SOD, GSH-Px and NO in cell-culture medium treated with PA. Furthermore, OMT increased the protein phospho-rylation of Akt and eNOS in injured cells. Conclusion OMT ameliorates PA-induced vascular endothelial cell injury through Akt-eNOS-NO signaling pathway.

18.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 560-568, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013835

ABSTRACT

Aim To predict the targets of Modified Danggui Shaoyao San ( MDSS) in the treatment of chronic atrophic gastritis ( CAG) based on network pharmacology and vertify the results based on experim-ention. Methods TCMSP, SWISS TARGETS, GENE CARDS and OMIM databases were used to screen the therapeutic targets of MDSS for CAG. STRING database and Cytoscape software were used to construct the protein interaction network and screen the core targets. Metascape database was used for GO analysis and KEGG enrichment pathways. And molecular docking was used for target validation. CAG rat model was pre¬pared by N-methyl-N'-nitroso-N-nitroguanidine free drink combined with sodium salicylate gastric lavage. The pathology of rat gastric mucosa was observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining,and the ultrastructure of ep¬ithelial cells was observed by transmission electron mi-croscopy. The serum IL-6 and IL-10 content was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and the expression of JAK2, STAT3 , p-STAT3 , c-MYC mRNA and protein in rats was detected by qPCR and Western blot. Results MDSS acted on 189 targets, mainly involved in response to oxidative stress and apoptotic signaling pathway. KEGG analysis related to pathways in cancer and JAK-STAT signaling pathway. The experimental results showed that the MDSS could improve the degree of atrophy of gastric mucosa in CAG rats and improve the status of epithelial cells, down-regulate the serum IL-6 content of CAG rats, up-regulate the IL-10 content, and reduce the expression of JAK2, STAT3 , p-STAT3 , c-MYC mRNA and protein in gastric mucosa with statistical significance. Conclusions MDSS treats CAG through multiple active ingredients, targets, and pathways, the mechanism of which may be related to the inhibition of the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway.

19.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1835-1839, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013691

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the effect of tanshinone II A (Tan II A) on reverse cholesterol transport in atherosclerosis model mice and RAW264. 7 cells and the underlying mechanism. Methods Thirty-two male LDLR -/- mice were randomly divided into four groups. These mice were fed with normal diet or high fat diet for 12 weeks. The control group and model group were given normal saline. Tan II A group and atorvastatin group were given Tan II A solution and atorvastatin solution for 12 weeks. RAW264. 7 cells were induced with oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) 100 mg • L-

20.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 912-917, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012334

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the evolution and clinical significance of HER2 low expression status in HER2 negative patients in primary and recurrent/metastatic breast cancers. Methods: The data and archived sections of 259 breast cancer patients with recurrence/metastasis and HER2-negative primary foci were collected from January 2015 to January 2022 at the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University, and the HER2 status of primary and recurrence/metastasis foci was determined by immunohistochemistry (IHC), among which IHC 2+patients were subject to fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The HER2 status was classified as HER2-0 group; patients with IHC 1+, IHC 2+and no FISH amplification were classified as HER2 low expression group; and patients with IHC 3+, IHC 2+and FISH amplified were classified as HER2-positive group. The changes of HER2 status in patients with HER2 low expression in primary versus recurrent/metastatic breast cancer foci were compared, and their clinicopathologic characteristics and prognosis were analyzed. Results: The overall concordance rate between primary and recurrent/metastatic HER2 status in breast cancer was 60.6% (157/259, κ=0.178). A total of 102 patients (102/259, 39.4%) had inconsistent primary and recurrent/metastatic HER2 status; 37 patients (37/259, 14.3%) had HER2-0 at the primary foci and HER2-low expression at the recurrent/metastatic; and 56 patients (56/259, 21.6%) had HER2-low expression in the primary foci and HER2-0 in the recurrent/metastatic. The recurrent/metastatic foci became low-expressing compared with the recurrent/metastatic foci which remained HER2-0 patients, with longer overall survival time, higher ER and PR positivity, lower Ki-67 positivity index, and lower tumor histological grade; all with statistically significant differences (all P<0.05). In the primary HER2-low group, patients with recurrent/metastatic foci became HER2-0 while those with recurrent/metastatic foci remained low expression; there were no statistically significant differences in clinicopathological features and overall survival time (all P>0.05). Conclusions: Unstable HER2 status in patients with HER2-0 and low expression in primary versus recurrent/metastatic breast cancer foci, and HER2-0 in the primary foci but low HER2 expression status in recurrence/metastasis is associated with favourable prognosis, and testing HER2 status in recurrence/metastasis can provide more treatment options for such patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Clinical Relevance , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
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