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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 621-632, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016624

ABSTRACT

Idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury (IDILI) has long posed a challenging and pivotal concern in pharmaceutical research. The complex composition of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has introduced a bottleneck in current research, hindering the elucidation of the component basis associated with IDILI in TCM. Using Epimedii Folium (EF) and Psoraleae Fructus (PF) as illustrative examples, this study endeavors to establish an in vitro evaluation model, providing a high-throughput and preliminary assessment method for screening components related to TCM-induced IDILI. A TNF-α-mediated HepG2 susceptible model was first established in this study, with the focus on the index components present in EF and PF. The release of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in the cell supernatant served as the detection index. A concentration-toxicity response curve was constructed, and the hepatotoxic components of EF and PF were identified utilizing the synergistic toxicity index. The LDH results unveiled the hepatotoxic effects of bavachin, backuchiol, isobavachin, neobavaisoflavone, psoralidin, isobavachalcone, icarisid I, and icarisid II on both normal and susceptible cells, categorizing these 8 components as both direct hepatotoxicity components and idiosyncratic hepatotoxicity components. Bavachin and neobavaisoflavone exhibited no hepatotoxicity on normal cells but demonstrated significant effects on susceptible cells, designating them as potential idiosyncratic susceptible hepatotoxicity components. The study further delineated that 10 EF components and 3 PF components were direct immune-promoting hepatotoxicity components. Additionally, 14 idiosyncratic immune-promoting hepatotoxicity components were identified, encompassing 10 EF components and 4 PF components, with neobavaisoflavone, bavachinin, and isobavachin being potential idiosyncratic susceptible immune-promoting hepatotoxicity components. Synergistic toxicity index results indicated that 13 idiosyncratic immune-promoting hepatotoxicity components (except anhydroicaritin) combined with bavachin demonstrated synergistic hepatotoxicity on susceptible cells. Notably, 3 idiosyncratic susceptible immune-promoting hepatotoxicity components combined with bavachin exhibited synergistic hepatotoxicity, with neobavaisoflavone displaying the highest synergistic toxicity index and bavachinin the lowest. In summary, this methodology successfully screens hepatotoxic and immune-promoting hepatotoxic components in EF and PF, distinguishing the types of components inducing hepatotoxicity, evaluating the hepatotoxicity degree of each component, and elucidating the synergistic relationships among them. Importantly, these findings align with the characteristics of IDILI. The method provides an effective model tool for the fundamental research of TCM-related IDILI components.

2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 322-325, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013491

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the intervention effect of different intensity of classroom physical exercise on cardiorespiratory fitness and executive function of Tibetan first grade students at high altitude, so as to provide reference for improving the level of cardiorespiratory fitness and executive function of Tibetan adolescents.@*Methods@#From September to December 2020, 184 Tibetan students from five first grade classes in a middle school in Lhasa, Tibet, were randomly assigned into a control group (81 students in two classes) and an intervention group (103 students in three classes). Both groups followed the same teaching programme, but the intervention group received 36 sessions of moderate to high intensity classroom physical activity, one session per day, Monday,Wednesday and Friday, for 12 weeks. Before and after the intervention, cardiorespiratory fitness and executive function were tested by 20m round trip running and Flanker s experimental paradigm, 2-back s experimental paradigm, and More odd shifting experimental paradigm for inhibitory control, refreshing memory, and switching flexibility, and the results were analysed by analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) to compare the results of the pre and post intervention periods.@*Results@#The maximum oxygen uptake (VO 2max ) of Tibetan first grade students in the intervention group increased by 2.25 mL/(kg〖WW)〗·〖WW(〗min) compared with the control group after the intervention ( t =-3.89, P <0.01); the response time of the inhibitory function was reduced by 4.40 ms, that of the refreshing function by 196.06 ms, and that of the switching function by 92.72 ms in the intervention group compared with the control group ( t =2.98, 4.82 ,3.21, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The 12 week moderate to high intensity classroom physical activity intervention has different degrees of improvement effects on cardiorespiratory fitness and executive function in Tibetan adolescents.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011464

ABSTRACT

Threatened abortion is a common disease of obstetrics and gynecology and one of the diseases responding specifically to traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). The China Association of Chinese Medicine organized experts in TCM obstetrics and gynecology, Western medicine obstetrics and gynecology, and pharmacology to deeply discuss the advantages of TCM and integrated Chinese and Western medicine treatment as well as the medication plans for threatened abortion. After discussion, the experts concluded that chromosome, endocrine, and immune abnormalities were the key factors for the occurrence of threatened abortion, and the Qi and blood disorders in thoroughfare and conception vessels were the core pathogenesis. In the treatment of threatened abortion, TCM has advantages in preventing miscarriages, alleviating clinical symptoms and TCM syndromes, relieving anxiety, regulating reproductive endocrine and immune abnormalities, personalized and diversified treatment, enhancing efficiency and reducing toxicity, and preventing the disease before occurrence. The difficulty in diagnosis and treatment of threatened abortion with traditional Chinese and Western medicine lies in identifying the predictors of abortion caused by maternal factors and the treatment of thrombophilia. Recurrent abortion is the breakthrough point of treatment with integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine. It is urgent to carry out high-quality evidence-based medicine research in the future to improve the modern diagnosis and treatment of threatened abortion with TCM.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 319-334, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011247

ABSTRACT

Receptor-interacting serine/threonine-protein kinase 1 (RIPK1) functions as a key regulator in inflammation and cell death and is involved in mediating a variety of inflammatory or degenerative diseases. A number of allosteric RIPK1 inhibitors (RIPK1i) have been developed, and some of them have already advanced into clinical evaluation. Recently, selective RIPK1i that interact with both the allosteric pocket and the ATP-binding site of RIPK1 have started to emerge. Here, we report the rational development of a new series of type-II RIPK1i based on the rediscovery of a reported but mechanistically atypical RIPK3i. We also describe the structure-guided lead optimization of a potent, selective, and orally bioavailable RIPK1i, 62, which exhibits extraordinary efficacies in mouse models of acute or chronic inflammatory diseases. Collectively, 62 provides a useful tool for evaluating RIPK1 in animal disease models and a promising lead for further drug development.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008079

ABSTRACT

Abiotic stresses substantially affect the growth and development of plants. Plants have evolved multiple strategies to cope with the environmental stresses, among which transcription factors play an important role in regulating the tolerance to abiotic stresses. Basic leucine zipper transcription factors (bZIP) are one of the largest gene families. The stability and activity of bZIP transcription factors could be regulated by different post-translational modifications (PTMs) in response to various intracellular or extracellular stresses. This paper introduces the structural feature and classification of bZIP transcription factors, followed by summarizing the PTMs of bZIP transcription factors, such as phosphorylation, ubiquitination and small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) modification, in response to abiotic stresses. In addition, future perspectives were prospected, which may facilitate cultivating excellent stress-resistant crop varieties by regulating the PTMs of bZIP transcription factors.


Subject(s)
Basic-Leucine Zipper Transcription Factors/genetics , Protein Processing, Post-Translational , Phosphorylation , Transcription Factors/genetics , Stress, Physiological/genetics
6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 135-142, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005426

ABSTRACT

Berberine (BBR) is the main pharmacological active ingredient of Coptidis, which has hypoglycemic effect, but its clinical application is limited due to its poor oral bioavailability. Polyphenols, derived from cinnamon, are beneficial for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The combination of both may have an additive effect. The aim of this study was to investigate the hypoglycemic effect and mechanism of combined medication in diabetic rats. The modeling rats were randomly divided into 5 groups (berberine group, cinnamon group, combined group, metformin group, diabetic control group) and normal control group. The animal experiments were approved by the Animal Ethics Committee (approval number: HMUIRB2022003). The subjects were given orally, and the control group was given equal volume solvent and body weight was measured weekly. Thirty days after administration, oral glucose tolerance test and insulin sensitivity test were performed, and fasting blood glucose (FBG), glycated serum protein (GSP), and serum insulin (INS) levels were detected; high-throughput sequencing technology was used to detect intestinal microbiota structure; real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) and Western blot were used to detect G protein-coupled receptor 5 (TGR5) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) expression levels. The results showed that, compared with the diabetic control group, the levels of FBG (P < 0.01) and GSP (P < 0.01) in the combined group were lower, and the insulin resistance was improved, which was better than that in the berberine group. Combined treatment increased the relative abundance of Bacteroides, Prevotella and Lactobacillus, reversed the decrease in Lactobacillus in the berberine alone induction group, and the combination of the two could promote the expression of TGR5 and GLP-1. In summary, the combined application of cinnamon and berberine can regulate glucose metabolism better than the application of berberine alone. Berberine combined with cinnamon can improve the function of pancreatic islet β cells in diabetes mellitus type 2 rats by changing the intestinal microbiota, increasing the expression of TGR5 and GLP-1 proteins, and thereby better regulating glucose metabolism.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003789

ABSTRACT

Fibrosis can occur in diverse tissue and organs and is the common outcome as multiple chronic diseases progress. It is characterized by over-activation of fibroblasts and excessive deposition of extracellular matrix. Targeting transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), a classical signaling molecule in fibrosis, is currently a routine strategy for drug therapy of this disease. The use of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in the treatment of fibrotic diseases has been supported by mature theories. The theories emphasize that the internally-accumulated pathogens and mixed deficiency-excess underlie the shared pathology of fibrotic diseases. Qi stagnation, blood stasis, phlegm turbidity, and mass accumulation are key pathological factors. "Yin suppression by Yang" is the core thought for treatment with TCM of the disease. Pharmacological investigations reveal the scientific nature of TCM in treating fibrotic diseases, namely multilevelled and multitargeted. In other words, it refers to networked regulation of signaling activities of fibrosis-related molecules such as TGF-β/Drosophila protein homolog (Smad), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt), Hedgehog, Wnt/β-catenin, and inflammatory cytokines, so as to inhibit fibroblast function and provide a promising insight into novel anti-fibrotic drug. This paper summarized the conventional understanding of fibrotic disease treatment with TCM and its mechanism of action by reviewing ancient literature and modern research reports, which offers an idea for follow-up research in this field.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003769

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the therapeutic mechanism of Bushen Huoxue prescription from the perspective of bone metabolism by observing the clinical efficacy of this prescription in treating femoral head necrosis (ONFH, syndrome of liver and kidney deficiency) and its influences on bone metabolism indexes: N-terminal propeptide (PINP) and β-collagen degradation product (β-CTX). MethodSixty-six ONFH patients with the syndrome of liver and kidney deficiency in Zhengzhou Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital of Orthopedics from December 2021 to September 2022 were selected. The patients were randomized into an experimental group and a control group by the parallel control method, with 33 patients in each group. The experimental group received Bushen Huoxue prescription orally, while the control group received Xianlinggubao Capsules orally, with a treatment cycle of 6 months. The visual analogue scale (VAS) score, Harris score, Association Research Circulation Osseous (ARCO) staging, imaging changes, quantitative scores of TCM symptoms, and serum levels of PINP and β-CTX were determined before and after treatment. The occurrence of adverse events and reactions was recorded. ResultThe total response rate in the experimental group was 83.87% (26/31), which was higher than that (68.75%, 22/32) in the control group (Z=-2.096, P<0.05). After treatment, the single and total scores of TCM symptoms, VAS score, and β-CTX level decreased in the two groups (P<0.05). Moreover, the decreases in the scores of hip pain, lower limb mobility, soreness of waist and knees, and lower limb flaccidity, total score of TCM symptoms, VAS score, and β-CTX level in the experimental were larger than those in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the imaging results showed no significant improvement in the two groups. The Harris score and PINP level in both groups increased after treatment (P<0.05), and the increases were more obvious in the experimental group than in the control group (P<0.05). No serious adverse event or adverse reaction appeared during the observation period. ConclusionBushen Huoxue prescription can relieve pain and TCM symptoms and improve the hip joint function in treating ONFH patients with the syndrome of liver and kidney deficiency. It can inhibit the development of ONFH, increase PINP, and decrease β-CTX. No obvious side effect appears during the clinical observation period, which shows that Bushen Huoxue prescription has good safety.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010332

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the mechanism of electroacupuncture (EA) in promoting recovery of the facial function with the involvement of autophagy, glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), and phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway.@*METHODS@#Seventy-two male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly allocated into the control, sham-operated, facial nerve injury (FNI), EA, EA+3-methyladenine (3-MA), and EA+GDNF antagonist groups using a random number table, with 12 rats in each group. An FNI rat model was established with facial nerve crushing method. EA intervention was conducted at Dicang (ST 4), Jiache (ST 6), Yifeng (SJ 17), and Hegu (LI 4) acupoints for 2 weeks. The Simone's 10-Point Scale was utilized to monitor the recovery of facial function. The histopathological evaluation of facial nerves was performed using hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The levels of Beclin-1, light chain 3 (LC3), and P62 were detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC), immunofluorescence, and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, respectively. Additionally, IHC was also used to detect the levels of GDNF, Rai, PI3K, and mTOR.@*RESULTS@#The facial functional scores were significantly increased in the EA group than the FNI group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). HE staining showed nerve axons and myelin sheaths, which were destroyed immediately after the injury, were recovered with EA treatment. The expressions of Beclin-1 and LC3 were significantly elevated and the expression of P62 was markedly reduced in FNI rats (P<0.01); however, EA treatment reversed these abnormal changes (P<0.01). Meanwhile, EA stimulation significantly increased the levels of GDNF, Rai, PI3K, and mTOR (P<0.01). After exogenous administration with autophagy inhibitor 3-MA or GDNF antagonist, the repair effect of EA on facial function was attenuated (P<0.05 or P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#EA could promote the recovery of facial function and repair the facial nerve damages in a rat model of FNI. EA may exert this neuroreparative effect through mediating the release of GDNF, activating the PI3K/mTOR signaling pathway, and further regulating the autophagy of facial nerves.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Electroacupuncture , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase/metabolism , Facial Nerve Injuries/therapy , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Beclin-1 , Glial Cell Line-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Signal Transduction , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Autophagy , Mammals/metabolism
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997694

ABSTRACT

Photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) is the use of red or near-infrared light to heal, restore, and stimulate physiological processes that repair damage caused by trauma or a disease. PBMT is widely used in sports injuries, arthritis, neuropathic pain, and back and neck pain. In recent years, PBMT is a safe and effective tool for toxic reactions associated with cancer treatment, such as oral mucositis in patients undergoing chemo-radiotherapy for head and neck cancer or stem cell transplantation, radiation-associated dry mouth, taste disorders, radiation dermatitis, post-radiotherapy fibrosis, and lymphedema associated with head and neck cancer and breast cancer. However, the equipment and optimal dosimetric parameters for PBMT have not been fully defined and need to be further explored.

11.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 128-132, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996200

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the differences in therapeutic effect and prognosis of different molecular subtypes of breast invasive lobular carcinoma treated with nab-paclitaxel, so as to provide a basis for the selection of clinical drugs for breast cancer.Methods:The data of 180 patients with advanced invasive lobular carcinoma of the breast who were treated in Handan Central Hospital and the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University from January 2017 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 34 cases of Luminal A type, 92 cases of Luminal B type, 21 cases of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) overexpression type, and 33 cases of triple-negative type. The patients were treated with nab-paclitaxel, and the clinical curative effect was evaluated according to the solid tumor response evaluation criteria version 1.1 after 1 year of treatment, and the objective response rate (ORR) (calculated as complete remission + partial remission) and clinical benefit rate (CBR) (calculated as complete remission + partial remission + stable disease) were calculated; the occurrence of adverse reactions during the treatment was recorded. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw the progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) curves for each subtype of patients, and the log-rank method was used to test them.Results:The differences in ORR and CBR among patients with the four subtypes of Luminal A, Luminal B, HER2 overexpression, and triple-negative were statistically significant (all P < 0.001), with the triple-negative type having the lowest ORR and CBR [21.2% (7/33) and 63.6% (21/33)] and the Luminal A type having the highest ORR and CBR [70.6% (24/34) and 100.0% (34/34)]. The ORR and CBR of Luminal B type were 45.7% (42/92) and 90.2% (83/92), and the HER2 overexpression type was 38.1% (8/21) and 90.5% (19/21). The differences in the incidence of myelosuppression, numbness of limbs, joint and muscle pain among the four subtypes were statistically significant (all P < 0.05), with the triple-negative type having the highest incidence of all of the above adverse reactions. The PFS and OS of triple-negative subtype were worse than those of Luminal A, Luminal B and HER2 overexpression subtypes, and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Conclusions:The clinical response and prognosis of patients with different molecular subtypes of invasive lobular carcinoma is significantly different after nab-paclitaxel intervention, among which the prognosis of patients with triple-negative type is the worst, and the clinical medication can be guided according to the pathological test results.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995784

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a new strategy for rapid correction of the interference of chyle blood on hemoglobin (HGB) and related indexes by reticulocyte (RET) channel research parameters (HGB-O, MCHC-O) from automatic hematological analyzer.Methods:With the diagnostic experimental design, a total of 90 impatient samples were sequential picked from Fuwai Hospital, which had routine blood testing from June 1 to July 31, 2021. The selected samples were free of hemolysis, jaundice, chylo. The age of the patients was (49.2±5.7) years, with 47 males and 43 females. Three different contents(25, 50, 75 μl) of fat emulsion injection were used to replace plasma in equal amounts to prepare chyle blood samples with mild, medium and heavy degrees of average red blood cell hemoglobin concentration (MCHC). The research parameters (HGB-O, MCHC-O) obtained by the RET channel detection of the automatic blood analyzer were used as the corrected HGB and its related index values (RET method), and the original values (the detection values before adding fat emulsion) and the formula correction values were paired with t-test or Wilcoxon signed rank test, single factor analysis of variance or Kruskal-Wallis rank-sum test, Bland-Altman and correlation analysis to evaluate the correction effect of RET method.Results:There was no significant difference ( H=0.035, P=0.983; H=0.097, P=0.953; H=0.112, P=0.945) between the RET correction values of HGB (g/L) [104.0(83.8, 132.8), 109.0(87.78, 128.25), 104.0(87.8, 131.8)] and the original values [104.0(83.0, 133.0), 107.5(86.75, 129.25), 103.5(85.8, 131.3)] and the formula correction values [104.0(84.0, 133.8), 106.0(86.75, 131.25), 102.5(86.8, 131.3)] in the samples of chythemia with varying degrees of MCHC (g/L) elevation; meanwhile, the RET correction values [366.5(325.8, 341.5), 333.5(323.8, 340.0), 333.5(327.0, 341.25)] and the original values [336.0(324.8, 342.0), 333.0(323.5, 342.3), 332.0(326.75, 340.5)] and the formula correction values [333.5(323.5, 343.3), 331.0(321.0, 338.3), 329.5(325.25, 337.25)] were also not statistically significant ( H=0.049, P=0.976; H=3.149, P=0.207; H=0.883, P=0.643). The detection values of HGB and related indexes corrected by RET method were in good agreement with the original values [96.7% (29/30) of the points were within the 95% consistency limit], and the two were positively correlated (the correlation coefficients were all higher than 0.919, P<0.01). Conclusion:The RET method based on the research parameters of RET channel of automatic hematological analyzer can serve as a new strategy to correct the interference of chyle blood on the detection of HGB and related indexes.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995642

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the multimodal imaging features and explore the treatment of parafoveal exudative vascular anomaly complex (PEVAC).Methods:A retrospective study. Six patients (6 eyes) with PEVAC diagnosed in Tianjin Eye Hospital were included in this study from July 2018 to December 2021. All patients were female with monocular disease. The age was (61.1±9.3) years. All patients showed a sudden painless decline in monocular vision with metamorphopsia. All patients underwent best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), color fundus photography, fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA), optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography (OCTA). Indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) was performed in 4 eyes. In 6 eyes, 3 eyes were treated with intravitreal injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor drug; 5 eyes were treated with micropulse laser photocoagulation and/or local thermal laser photocoagulation; 1 eye was treated with photodynamic therapy. Five patients were followed up for (9.2±7.4) months, and 1 patient was lost. At follow-up, the same equipment and methods were used as at the initial diagnosis. The clinical manifestations, multimodal image features and treatment response were observed.Results:Baseline BCVA of affected eyes were ranged from 0.1 to 0.5. PEVAC was isolated in 6 eyes, and the fundus showed isolated hemangioma-like leision, accompanied by small bleeding and hard exudation. There were 2 isolated hemangiomatous lesions adjacent to each other in 2 eyes. In the early stage of FFA, punctate high fluorescence lesions near the macular fovea were seen, and the leakage was enhanced in the late stage. There was no leakage in the early stage of ICGA, or slight leakage with late scouring. OCT showed an oval lesion with high reflection wall and uneven low reflection. The central macular thickness (CMT) was (431±76) μm. OCTA showed blood flow signals in PEVAC, 2 eyes in the superficial capillary plexus (SCP), and it was also observed in the deep capillary plexus (DCP), but the intensity of blood flow signal was slightly weaker than that in the SCP. The blood flow signal was visible only in DCP in 2 eyes. SCP and DCP showed similar intensity of blood flow signals in 2 eyes. After treatment, the bleeding was absorbed basically in 4 eyes, the hard exudation partially subsided, the CMT decreased, the intercortical cystic cavity of the fovea nerve decreased, the hemangiomatous lesions narrowed, and BCVA increased. In 1 eye, the macular sac was reduced and partially absorbed by hard exudation, which was later relapsed due to blood pressure fluctuation.Conclusions:The majority of PEVAC patients had monocular onset. The fundus is characterized by solitary or structure with strong reflex walls, with or without retinal cysts, hard exudates, and subretinal fluid, and visible blood flow signals inside.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995527

ABSTRACT

Chylothorax is one of the complications of surgery and lymphatic diseases. The incidence rate of chylothorax has been increasing in recent years. X-ray-guided interventional therapy is a new method for treating chylothorax, and its curative effect is no less than the traditional surgical treatment. Based on discussing the aetiology and diagnosis of chylothorax, this paper briefly summarizes the application progress of X-ray-guided interventional therapy for chylothorax to provide further reference and a basis for clinical practice.

15.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 385-391, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994844

ABSTRACT

Objective:To report cases of multiple mitochondrial dysfunction syndrome 2 (MMDS2) caused by BOLA3 gene mutation, hoping to help clinical diagnosis. Methods:The medical records of a child with MMDS2 admitted to the Department of Neurology, Guangzhou Women and Children′s Medical Center in November 2021 were analyzed, and the clinical, imaging characteristics and prognosis of MMDS2 were summarized by literature review.Results:This 1 year and 9 months old male had a disease that started in childhood, with motor function regression and hyperlactatemia. Head magnetic resonance imaging indicated white matter lesions, and gene examination indicated the homozygous variation of BOLA3 gene c.295C>T(p.Arg99Trp). The diagnosis of MMDS2 was clear for the child. After treatment, the clinical symptoms and imaging of the child recovered significantly. Through literature review, 13 children with MMDS2 reported in 7 English literatures were reviewed. These cases had similar manifestations with the case reported in this study. Among them, 1 case recovered and 8 cases died in infancy. Conclusions:MMDS2 patients often show nervous system dysfunction such as motor regression, elevated lactate and white matter lesions, which often cause multiple system disorders. Some children die early, but some of them can be recovered.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994303

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a diabetic foot classification prediction model based on radiomics features of fundus photographs.Methods:A total of 2 035 fundus photographs of patients with type 2 diabetes diagnosed at Nanfang Hospital between December 2011 and December 2018 were retrospectively collected [282 photographs from patients with diabetic foot(DF), and 1 753 from patients with diabetes mellitus(DM)]. All fundus photographs were randomly divided into a training set(1 424 photos) and a test set(611 photos) using a computer generated random number at 7∶3. After pre-processing the fundus photographs, a total of 4 128 texture features based on the gray matrix were extracted by the Radiomic toolkit, and 11 339 other features were extracted using the ToolboxDESC toolkit. The LASSO algorithm was used to select the 30 features most relevant to DF, and then the Bootstrap + 0.632 self-sampling method was used to further select the 7 best combinations. Logistic regression analysis was used to obtain the regression coefficients and establish the final diabetic foot classification prediction model. ROC curve was drawn, and AUC, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the training and test sets were calculated to verify its prediction performance. Results:We screened 7 fundus radiomics markers for diabetic foot patients, and based on this established a DF/DM classification prediction model. The AUC, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the model were 0.958 6, 0.984 0, 0.920 0, and 0.928 0 in the training set, and 0.927 1, 0.988 9, 0.881 0, and 0.896 9 in the test set, respectively.Conclusion:In this study, seven DF fundus markers were screened using radiomics technology. Based on this, a highly accurate and easy-to-use DF/DM classification model was constructed. This technology has the potential to increase the efficiency of DF screening programs.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993654

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of nutrition intervention and exercise rehabilitation treatment on the sarcopenia in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes.Methods:It was a cross-sectional study. From March 2019 to September 2020, 101 elderly patients with type 2 diabetes complicated with sarcopenia treated in the Department of Endocrinology of Tianjin Third Central Hospital were enrolled in this study. The patients were divided into four groups with propensity score matching method: sarcopenia education group without nutrition and resistance training group (group A, n=22), simple nutrition intervention group (group B, n=28), nutritional intervention combined with resistance training group (group C, n=27) and nutritional intervention combined with aerobic and resistance training group (group D, n=24). All the patients were intervened for 24 weeks, two patients in groups C and D dropped due to their own reasons. The 25-dihydroxy vitamin D3 (25(OH)D 3), grip strength, muscle mass of the limbs and short physical performance battery (SPPB) scores were measured before and 24 weeks after the intervention in all the participants. Results:After the intervention, the 25(OH)D 3 levels in the B, C, D groups was (33.45±4.05), (33.68±4.69), (34.28±5.58) μg/L, respectively, all were higher than those before the treatment (all P<0.01), and there was no significant differences among the three groups ( P>0.05). The muscle mass in the B, C, D groups after intervention was 5.650 (5.102, 6.658), 6.601 (6.007, 7.156) and 6.520 (6.017, 7.302) kg/m 2, respectively, all were significantly higher than those before the treatment (all P<0.01); the muscle mass in group C and D increased more significantly than that in group B ( P<0.01), but there was no significant differences between group C and D ( P>0.05). After the intervention, the muscle strength in the C and D groups was 20.60 (19.20, 24.55) kg and 21.15 (19.43, 26.63) kg, and the SPPB scores was 8.00 (7.00, 9.00) points and 8.00 (8.00, 9.00) points, respectively, all were higher than those before the intervention (all P<0.01), but there was no significant differences between the two groups(both P>0.05). The SPPB function score in group D was better than that in group C, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Nutritional intervention can improve the muscle mass in elderly type 2 diabetes patients with sarcopenia. Combined with rehabilitation training, the muscle strength and muscle function of these patients could also be improved, and the improvement of muscle mass is better than that in patients receiving nutritional intervention only. In terms of increasing muscle strength, the two kinds of rehabilitation training are equivalent. If combined with aerobic exercise, it can also improve the muscle function of these patients.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993218

ABSTRACT

Radiation pneumonia is a side effect that cannot be ignored in the current radiation therapy for lung cancer. At present, there are studies and reports of the introduction of functional imaging technology into lung cancer radiotherapy plans, in which 4DCT has better application prospects in radiotherapy for lung cancer because of its advantages of simple operation, high spatial resolution and no additional cost, etc. Compared with single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)-CT, positron emission tomography (PET)-CT, MRI has a better application prospect in radiotherapy of lung cancer. The use of 4DCT to obtain the patient's lung function status can predict radiation pulmonary toxicity and assist clinicians to deliver prompt interventions. Moreover, it can help carry out radiotherapy for functional lung avoidance, mitigate the damage of normal lung tissues, and alleviate chest toxicity, which may have wider application value in the future. In this article, research progress on functional lung imaging algorithms based on 4DCT and the application of radiation therapy for lung cancer was reviewed.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992833

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of percutaneous intramyocardial septal radiofrequency ablation (PIMSRA) guided by echocardiography on the Lown classification of ventricular arrhythmias in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM).Methods:A total of 85 patients with HOCM who received PIMSRA treatment at Xijing Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University from May 2017 to October 2019 were retrospectively selected. All patients underwent 24-hour Holter examinations before and 1 year after PIMSRA to obtain parameters related to Lown classification. The changes in Lown grades after PIMSRA were analyzed. The patients were divided into improved group and unimproved group according to whether there was significant improvement in Lowen′s grades, and the difference of the parameters related were compared. The influencing factors of the changes in Lown classification were analyzed.Results:Compared with before PIMSRA, there was a significant improvement in the Lown classification after PIMSRA ( P=0.001). The patients with Lown grade Ⅰ increased significantly ( P=0.001), and the patients with grade Ⅲ decreased significantly ( P=0.005). There were no significant changes in patients with Lown grades 0, Ⅱ, and Ⅳ (all P>0.05). The proportion of patients with family history of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), the baseline Lown classes, the reduction rate of the maximum left ventricular wall thickness and the reduction rate of the provocative left ventricular outflow tract gradient (LVOTG) were higher in the improved group than the unimproved group (all P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression results showed that HCM family history ( OR=3.95, 95% CI=1.34-11.64, P=0.013), baseline Lown classes ( OR=2.01, 95% CI=1.25-3.22, P=0.004) and the reduction rate of the provocative LVOTG gradient ( OR=1.02, 95% CI=1.00-1.04, P=0.041) were independent factors of postoperative Lown classification improvement. Conclusions:The Lown classes of HOCM patients after PIMSRA is significantly improved.HCM family history, the baseline Lown classes, and the reduction rate of postoperative provocative LVOTG are independent influencing factors for the improvement of Lown grade.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992811

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy of percutaneous intramyocardial septal radiofrequency ablation (PIMSRA) in the treatment of obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HOCM) with mild septal hypertrophy.Methods:Forty-five HOCM patients with mild septal hypertrophy (the maximal left ventricular wall thickness is 15-19 mm) who were treated with PIMSRA between November 2016 to February 2021 in the Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Center of Xijing Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University were enrolled, and their clinical datas were collected and analyzed. The clinical symptoms and NYHA functional class before operation, 6 months and 1 year after operation were collected. Interventricular septum thickness, left ventricular outflow tract pressure gradient, left ventricular outflow tract diameter, mitral regurgitation, left ventricular systolic and diastolic function were evaluated by transthoracic echocardiography before operation, 6 months and 1 year after operation, intraoperative complications were monitored and recorded. Postoperative arrhythmias were monitored by routine 12 lead ECG and 24-hour ambulatory ECG.Results:All patients successfully completed PIMSRA procedure.No clinical adverse events such as death, bleeding and stroke occurred during and around the operation.No left bundle branch block, complete atrioventricular block and malignant arrhythmia occurred after the operation. All patients did not need permanent pacemaker implantation.NYHA functional class and clinical symptoms of patients were significantly improved after 6 months compared with values before operation (all P<0.001, respectively), it remained stable for 1 year after operation; Anterior interventricular septum, posterior interventricular septum, maximal left ventricular wall thickness all significantly decreased (all P<0.001, respectively), left ventricular outflow tract diameter widened ( P<0.001), continuous improvement 1 year after operation; left ventricular outflow tract gradient and provoked left ventricular outflow tract gradient all significantly decreased, mitral regurgitation decreased and SAM classification reduced after 6 months compared with values before operation (all P<0.001, respectively); left ventricular end-diastolic diameter widened and left atrial diameter decreased (all P<0.001, respectively), it remained stable for 1 year after operation. Left atrial volume index decreased ( P<0.001), with continuous improvement 1 year after operation; The ratio of early diastolic mitral valve velocity to early diastolic mitral annulus velocity (E/e′) decreased ( P=0.001), it remained stable for 1 year after operation. There were no significant differences in left ventricular end diastolic volume, left ventricular end systolic volume and left ventricular ejection fraction among the three groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions:PIMSRA is effective in the treatment of obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with mild ventricular septal hypertrophy.

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