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1.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 7(1): 18-22, ene. 26, 2024. ilus, tab.
Article in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1526682

ABSTRACT

Presentación del caso. Se trata de una mujer de 26 años de edad, en seguimiento por la especialidad de reumatología desde los 17 años, cuando consultó con historia de un año de evolución de síndrome poliarticular de grandes y pequeñas articulaciones, aditivo, simétrico acompañado de fatiga, rigidez matutina mayor de una hora. Se reportó además factor reumatoide positivo. La radiografía de ambas manos presentó erosiones, que confirmó el diagnóstico de artritis reumatoide. Adicionalmente, la paciente tenía el antecedente de procesos sinobronquiales a repetición desde su infancia. En la evaluación médica se identificó dolor en los senos paranasales, dextrocardia y bronquiectasias, confirmados por los estudios de imágenes, que permitió concluir en el diagnóstico de síndrome de Kartagener. Intervención terapéutica. La paciente presentaba actividad clínica severa de la artritis reumatoide, se inició el tratamiento con metotrexato 10 mg vía oral un día a la semana, prednisona 5 mg al día y ácido fólico 5 mg a la semana y citas periódicas, controlando los datos de actividad y efectos adversos de los medicamentos, con pruebas hepáticas, hemograma y transaminasas. La especialidad de neumología recomendó la inclusión de la paciente en un programa de rehabilitación respiratoria, así como el uso de azitromicina 500 mg cada día por tres días en los períodos de agudización. Evolución clínica. El tratamiento logró mantener una actividad leve de la artritis reumatoide y sin exacerbación de los síntomas respiratorios


Case presentation. A 26-year-old woman, under follow-up by the rheumatology specialty since she was 17 years old, when she consulted with a history of one year of evolution of polyarticular disease of large and small joints, additive, symmetrical, accompanied by fatigue and morning stiffness for more than one hour. Positive rheumatoid factor was also reported. Additionally, the patient had a history of repeated sinobronchial processes since childhood. Medical examination revealed sinus pain in the paranasal sinuses, dextrocardia, and bronchiectasis, confirmed by imaging studies, which led to the diagnosis of Kartagener's syndrome. Treatment. The patient presented the severe clinical activity of rheumatoid arthritis. The treatment was started with methotrexate 10 mg orally one day a week, prednisone 5 mg a day, and folic acid 5 mg a week and periodic appointments, controlling the activity data and adverse effects of the drugs, with liver tests, hemogram, and transaminases. The pneumology department recommended the inclusion of the patient in a respiratory rehabilitation program as well as the use of azithromycin 500 mg every day for three days during periods of exacerbation. Outcome. The treatment was successful in maintaining a mild activity of the rheumatoid arthritis and without exacerbation of respiratory symptoms


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , El Salvador
2.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 70(2): e20230725, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529380

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Patients with rheumatic diseases have an increased risk of infections, especially tuberculosis. In this study, we aimed to recognize the positivity rate of tuberculosis skin test in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and spondyloarthritis and the characteristics of the patients with positive results. METHODS: Retrospective study of tuberculosis skin test results in patients followed from 2004 to 2021 in a single rheumatology unit. Data related to clinical and epidemiological features, along with treatment information referring to the period in which the tuberculosis skin test was performed, were collected from patients' charts. RESULTS: A total of 723 tests were identified (448 tests in 269 rheumatoid arthritis patients and 275 in 174 spondyloarthritis patients). In the rheumatoid arthritis sample, 31/275 (11.5%) individuals had positive tests, and in the spondyloarthritis, 38/174 (21.8%) had positive tests. In the rheumatoid arthritis sample, patients with positive tuberculosis skin tests used a higher dose of methotrexate than those with negative results (median of 25 mg/week versus median of 20 mg/week respectively; p=0.02). In the spondyloarthritis sample, tuberculosis skin test positivity was associated with alcohol ingestion (13.1% versus 2.9% in users and non-users respectively; p=0.02) and sulfasalazine use (15.7% of positivity in users versus 5% in non-users; p=0.01). CONCLUSION: The tuberculosis skin test-positive prevalence in rheumatoid arthritis was lower than in the spondyloarthritis sample. Patients with rheumatoid arthritis using a higher dosage of methotrexate or with spondyloarthritis using sulfasalazine had more frequency of tuberculosis skin test positivity and should be carefully followed by the attending physician in order to avoid the appearance of full-blown tuberculosis.

3.
J. bras. pneumol ; 50(1): e20230132, 2024. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550513

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Connective tissue disease-associated interstitial lung disease (CTD-ILD) represents a group of systemic autoimmune disorders characterized by immune-mediated organ dysfunction. Systemic sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, idiopathic inflammatory myositis, and Sjögren's syndrome are the most common CTDs that present with pulmonary involvement, as well as with interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features. The frequency of CTD-ILD varies according to the type of CTD, but the overall incidence is 15%, causing an important impact on morbidity and mortality. The decision of which CTD patient should be investigated for ILD is unclear for many CTDs. Besides that, the clinical spectrum can range from asymptomatic findings on imaging to respiratory failure and death. A significant proportion of patients will present with a more severe and progressive disease, and, for those, immunosuppression with corticosteroids and cytotoxic medications are the mainstay of pharmacological treatment. In this review, we summarized the approach to diagnosis and treatment of CTD-ILD, highlighting recent advances in therapeutics for the various forms of CTD.


RESUMO Doença pulmonar intersticial associada à doença do tecido conjuntivo (DPI-DTC) representa um grupo de distúrbios autoimunes sistêmicos caracterizados por disfunção de órgãos imunomediada. Esclerose sistêmica, artrite reumatoide, miosite inflamatória idiopática e síndrome de Sjögren são as DTC mais comuns que apresentam acometimento pulmonar, bem como pneumonia intersticial com achados autoimunes. A frequência de DPI-DTC varia de acordo com o tipo de DTC, mas a incidência total é de 15%, causando um impacto importante na morbidade e mortalidade. A decisão sobre qual paciente com DTC deve ser investigado para DPI não é clara para muitas DTC. Além disso, o espectro clínico pode variar desde achados assintomáticos em exames de imagem até insuficiência respiratória e morte. Parte significativa dos pacientes apresentará doença mais grave e progressiva, e, para esses pacientes, imunossupressão com corticosteroides e medicamentos citotóxicos são a base do tratamento farmacológico. Nesta revisão, resumimos a abordagem do diagnóstico e tratamento de DPI-DTC, destacando os recentes avanços na terapêutica para as diversas formas de DTC.

4.
Rev. Finlay ; 13(4)dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550656

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: la artritis reumatoidea es una enfermedad autoinmunitaria crónica que produce daño articular crónico e irreversible que conlleva al deterioro de la calidad de vida y discapacidad permanente con prevalencia mundial de entre 1,0 y 1,5 %. Objetivo: identificar las principales características clínico-epidemiológicas de pacientes con artritis reumatoidea en el Policlínico Docente Área Este de Camagüey. Métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo, de serie de casos, realizado en el Policlínico Docente Área Este de Camagüey. Del universo de 108 pacientes fue seleccionada una muestra de 102, una vez aplicados los criterios de elección. Se estudiaron las variables: grupo etáreo, sexo, color de la piel, años de diagnóstico, signos y síntomas clínicos, factores de riesgo; así como complicaciones presentadas. Para el procesamiento de los datos se empleó SPSS y se expresaron en valores absolutos y porcentajes. Resultados: predominó el grupo etáreo de 60 años y más (45,0 %), las mujeres (75,5 %), pacientes de color de piel blanca (66,7 %), con artritis reumatoidea de 16-20 años de evolución (22,5 %), vasculitis (25,5 %) y dolor (94,1 %) dentro de los principales signos y síntomas, mientras el consumo de café (69,6 %) y el sexo femenino se encontraron dentro los factores de riesgo modificables y no modificables. La osteoporosis fue la más notable de las complicaciones presentadas (69,6 %). Conclusiones: en la serie estudiada sobresalió el sexo femenino, la edad avanzada, el dolor como síntoma principal, así como la osteoporosis dentro de las complicaciones presentadas.


Foundation: rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic autoimmune disease that produces chronic and irreversible joint damage that leads to deterioration in quality of life and permanent disability with a worldwide prevalence of between 1.0 and 1.5 %. Objective: to identify the main clinical-epidemiological characteristics of patients with rheumatoid arthritis in the Eastern Area Teaching Polyclinic of Camagüey. Methods: a descriptive case series study was carried out at the Eastern Area Teaching Polyclinic of Camagüey. From the universe of 108 patients, a sample of 102 was selected, once the selection criteria were applied. The variables were studied: age group, sex, skin color, years of diagnosis, clinical signs and symptoms, risk factors; as well as complications presented. SPSS was used to process the data and they were expressed in absolute values ​​and percentages. Results: the age group of 60 years and older predominated (45.0 %), women (75.5 %), patients of white skin color (66.7 %), with rheumatoid arthritis of 16-20 years of evolution (22.5 %), vasculitis (25.5 %) and pain (94.1 %) among the main signs and symptoms, while coffee consumption (69.6 %) and female sex were found among the risk factors. modifiable and non-modifiable risk. Osteoporosis was the most notable of the complications presented (69.6 %). Conclusions: in the series studied, female sex, advanced age, pain as the main symptom, as well as osteoporosis stood out among the complications presented.

5.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 27(1)mar. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440522

ABSTRACT

La artritis reumatoide es una enfermedad progresiva, con manifestaciones clásicas y tempranas como es la afectación de las articulaciones pequeñas de las manos y los tobillos. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica de los documentos publicados entre 2017 y 2022. Se realizó una lectura preliminar de 37 artículos que cumplían con los criterios de inclusión, y finalmente se seleccionaron 23 artículos, de los cuales se tomó el contenido de mayor importancia. La ecografía es una técnica fiable y más sensible que la exploración clínica en el estudio de la enfermedad músculo-esquelética, pues permite una exploración multiplanar y dinámica, lo que resulta en un diagnóstico más exacto. La técnica Doppler constituye un complemento útil en el seguimiento de estos pacientes. Esta enfermedad es recurrente en las consultas de Reumatología, por tanto, en su valoración inicial, la utilidad de los medios diagnósticos, especialmente la ecografía, tiene gran importancia.


Rheumatoid arthritis is a progressive disease, with classic and early manifestations such as involvement of the small joints of the hands and ankles. We conducted a bibliographic review of the documents published between 2017 and 2022. A preliminary reading of 37 articles that met the inclusion criteria was carried out, and 23 articles were finally selected, from which the most important content was taken. Ultrasound is a more sensitive and reliable technique than clinical examination for the study of musculoskeletal disease, since it allows a multiplanar and dynamic examination, which results in a more accurate diagnosis. Doppler technique is a useful complement in the follow-up of these patients. This disease is recurrent in Rheumatology consultations, that's why in its initial assessment, the usefulness of diagnostic means, especially ultrasound, is of great importance.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Rheumatology , Echocardiography, Doppler
6.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 30(1)mar. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1536228

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The most important genetic association in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is presented with some alleles from the HLA-DRB1 gene that encode the shared epitope (SE). Objectives: To apply the SE classification methods of Gregersen, de Vries, Raychaudhuri, Mattey, and Tezenas du Montcel in a group of Colombian patients with RA and determine the most common HLA-DRB1 alleles in the population. Methods: RA diagnosis, genetic study of the HLA-DRB1 region using Luminex technology in 50 RA and 50 healthy subjects. For the classification analysis, Fisher's exact test and chi-squared test were applied. Tables were created to count the RA-related alleles. We used odds ratio to determine the risk between the presence of the shared epitope (SE) and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptides (Anti-CCP). Results: Gregersen and de Vries methods were suitable for the characterization of RA in this population (p = .006). The most prevalent HLA-DRB1 alleles in the RA group were 14:02,04:04, 08:02,04:05, and 10:01. High frequencies of the 07:01, 03:01,13:02,01:02, and 12:01 HLA-DRB1 alleles were found in the healthy population. HLA-DRB1 alleles with similar distribution in both populations were 04:07, 15:01, 11:01, 16:02, and 01:01. A high frequency of SE + was observed in Anti-CCP + individuals (63.15%); however, this was not statistically significant [OR2.4 (.63-9.01); p = .19]. Conclusion: The SE classification methods of Gregersen and de Vries were adequate in characterizing RA in a Colombian population group. An equivalence of 100% was verified between the susceptibility alleles defined by de Vries and the alleles assigned as SE according to Gregersen.


Introducción: La asociación genética más importante en artritis reumatoide (AR) se presenta con algunos alelos del gen HLA DRB1 que codifican el epítope compartido (EC). Objetivos: Aplicar los métodos de clasificación de EC de Gregersen et al., de Vries et al., Raychaudhuri et al., Mattey et al., y Tezenas du Montcel et al., en un grupo de pacientes colombianos con AR, y determinar los alelos HLA DRB1 más frecuentes en esta población. Métodos: Diagnóstico para AR, estudio genético de la región HLA DRB1 por tecnología Luminex® de 50 sujetos AR y 50 sanos. Para análisis comparativos de clasificaciones EC, se aplicaron las pruebas test exacto de Fisher y Chi-cuadrado y se realizaron tablas de conteos para los alelos relacionados con AR. Se estimó la razón de odds para determinar el riesgo entre la presencia de EC y los anticuerpos antipéptidos cíclicos citrulinados (anti-PCC). Resultados: Los métodos de Gregersen et al. y de Vries et al. fueron adecuados para la caracterización de AR en esta población (p = 0,006). Los alelos HLA DRB1 más prevalentes en el grupo AR fueron 14:02, 04:04, 08:02, 04:05 y 10:01. Se encontraron altas frecuencias de los alelos HLA DRB1 07:01, 03:01,13:02, 01:02 y 12:01 en población sana. Alelos HLA DRB1 con distribución similar en ambas poblaciones fueron: 04:07, 15:01, 11:01, 16:02 y 01:01. Se observó alta frecuencia de individuos EC+ en el grupo AR anti-PCC+ (63,15%); no obstante, sin asociación estadística (OR: 2,4 [0,63-9,01]; p = 0,19). Conclusión: Los métodos de clasificación para EC de Gregersen et al. y de Vries et al. fueron adecuados caracterizando AR en un grupo de población colombiana. Se corroboró equivalencia del 100% entre los alelos de susceptibilidad definidos por de Vries y los alelos asignados como EC según Gregersen et al.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Biological Factors , Musculoskeletal Diseases , Joint Diseases , Epitopes , Antigens
7.
Acta méd. peru ; 40(1)ene. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439124

ABSTRACT

Introducción : El complejo C0-C1-C2 es responsable de la transición de la carga axial, con función biomecánica única, siendo afectada por múltiples patologías, que por lo general la literatura no las considera como un solo ítem, sino que lo desarrolla según su etiología, pero en nuestro estudio se ha considerado en 5 grupos: traumática, congénita, inflamatoria reumática, neoplásica y degenerativa. Objetivo : Determinar las características epidemiológicas, clínicas y del tratamiento en la patología cervical alta. Materiales y métodos : Se incluyeron a todos los pacientes con diagnóstico clínico radiológico de alguna patología cervical alta que hayan sido sometidos a tratamiento quirúrgico entre 2016 y 2021 en el Hospital Almenara. Se usó el test "t" de student y de chi cuadrado. Se dividió a los pacientes en alguno de los 5 grupos antes mencionados. Resultados : Se consideraron 31 pacientes, con una edad media de 51.16 años. La patología cervical alta más frecuente fue la traumática con el 35.48%. El déficit motor se presentó en el 51.61% y el déficit sensitivo se presentó en el 54.84%. La cirugía más frecuente fue la fijación cervical alta con el 43.89%. La tasa de complicaciones fue del 16.13% con una mortalidad del 0%. Conclusiones : La patología cervical alta es rara, siendo la del tipo traumática la más frecuente, pero un manejo oportuno y adecuado permite un mejor pronóstico funcional del paciente.


Introduction : The C0-C1-C2 complex is responsible of axial load transition, and its biomechanical function is unique, it is affected by multiple pathological conditions; and generally speaking, the literature does not consider these conditions as a single item, it describes them according to etiology. For our study we considered five groups: trauma-related, congenital, rheumatic-inflammatory, neoplastic, and degenerative. Objective : To determine epidemiological, clinical, and therapy-related characteristics in upper cervical pathological conditions. Materials and methods : All patients with a clinical-radiological diagnosis of any upper cervical pathological condition that had undergone surgery between 2016 and 2021 in Guillermo Almenara Hospital were included. Student's t test and chi square methods were used. patients were divided into one of the five aforementioned groups. Results : Thirty-one patients were included in the study; their mean age was 51.16 years. The most frequent upper cervical pathological condition was trauma-related, with 35.48%. Motor deficit occurred in 51.61% of all patients, and sensitive deficit occurred in 54.84%. The most frequently surgical procedure performed was upper cervical fixation, in 43.89% of all patients. Complication rate was 16.13%, and mortality was 0%. Conclusions : Upper cervical pathological conditions are rare, trauma-related conditions are most frequent, but timely and adequate management allow us to achieve better functional prognosis for these patients.

8.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 57: 41, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1450390

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE This work aims to analyze the quantity and expenses related to biological drugs used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in outpatient public care within the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS). METHODS It is a cross-sectional descriptive study based on secondary data from a historical series, referring to the purchase, volume, and the number of patients treated with different biological drugs (infliximabe, etanercept, adalimumab, rituximab, abatacept, tocilizumab, golimumab, and certolizumab pegol) for RA treatment in outpatient care from 2012 to 2017. The data were extracted from the SUS Outpatient Information System database-SIA/SUS and included ten drugs used for RA treatment. The study assessed the quantity and expenditure of these drugs, the number of RA patients treated, and the expenditure by RA subtypes. The National Broad Consumer Price Index was used to adjust the expenditures for December 2017. RESULTS The Ministry of Health allocated approximately $500 million to provide about 2 million units of biological drugs for RA patients from 2012 to 2017. The supply of adalimumab 40 mg and etanercept 50 mg accounted for 68.3% of the total expenditure. The subtypes "other rheumatoid arthritis with rheumatoid factor" (ICD-10 M05.8), "rheumatoid arthritis without rheumatoid factor" (ICD-10 M06.0), and "Felty's syndrome" (M05. 0) represented 84.5% of the total expenditures. The proportion of patients treated with biological drugs increased by 33.0%. There was a significant 83.0% increase in the number of patients using biological drugs compared to the overall number of RA patients treated during the study period. CONCLUSIONS The results obtained allow us to draw a more recent profile of expenditure on RA treatment and indicate trends in the use of biological drugs for this condition, generating data that can support management decisions in public health policies.


Subject(s)
Pharmaceutical Services , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Biological Products , Delivery of Health Care , Public Expenditures
9.
J. bras. pneumol ; 49(1): e20220466, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421963

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune inflammatory and heterogeneous disease that affects several systems, especially the joints. Among the extra-articular manifestations of RA, pleuropulmonary involvement occurs frequently, with different presentations, potentially in all anatomic thoracic compartments, and may determine high morbidity and mortality. The most common pleuropulmonary manifestations in patients with RA include interstitial lung disease (ILD), pleural disease, pulmonary arterial hypertension, rheumatoid lung nodules, airway disease (bronchiectasis and bronchiolitis), and lymphadenopathy. Pulmonary hypertension and ILD are the manifestations with the greatest negative impact in prognosis. HRCT of the chest is essential in the evaluation of patients with RA with respiratory symptoms, especially those with higher risk factors for ILD, such as male gender, smoking, older age, high levels of rheumatoid factor, or positive anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody results. Additionally, other etiologies that may determine tomographic pleuropulmonary manifestations in patients with RA are infections, neoplasms, and drug-induced lung disease. In these scenarios, clinical presentation is heterogeneous, varying from being asymptomatic to having progressive respiratory failure. Knowledge on the potential etiologies causing tomographic pleuropulmonary manifestations in patients with RA coupled with proper clinical reasoning is crucial to diagnose and treat these patients.


RESUMO A artrite reumatoide (AR) é uma doença inflamatória autoimune e heterogênea que afeta vários sistemas, principalmente as articulações. Dentre as manifestações extra-articulares da AR, o acometimento pleuropulmonar ocorre com frequência, com diferentes apresentações, potencialmente em todos os compartimentos anatômicos do tórax e pode determinar alta morbidade e mortalidade. As manifestações pleuropulmonares mais comuns em pacientes com AR incluem doença pulmonar intersticial (DPI), doença pleural, hipertensão arterial pulmonar, nódulos pulmonares reumatoides, doença das vias aéreas (bronquiectasia e bronquiolite) e linfadenopatia. A hipertensão pulmonar e a DPI são as manifestações com maior impacto negativo no prognóstico. A TCAR de tórax é essencial na avaliação de pacientes com AR sintomáticos respiratórios, principalmente aqueles com fatores de risco maiores para DPI, como sexo masculino, tabagismo, idade mais avançada, níveis elevados de fator reumatoide ou anticorpos antipeptídeos citrulinados cíclicos positivos. Além disso, outras etiologias que podem determinar manifestações pleuropulmonares tomográficas em pacientes com AR são infecções, neoplasias e doença pulmonar induzida por drogas. Nesses cenários, a apresentação clínica é heterogênea, variando de ausência de sintomas a insuficiência respiratória progressiva. O conhecimento das possíveis etiologias causadoras de manifestações pleuropulmonares tomográficas em pacientes com AR, aliado a um raciocínio clínico adequado, é fundamental para o diagnóstico e tratamento desses pacientes.

10.
Ginecol. obstet. Méx ; 91(9): 711-714, ene. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520963

ABSTRACT

Resumen ANTECEDENTES: Si bien el lupus eritematoso sistémico y la artritis reumatoide son enfermedades suficientemente descritas, no lo es la asociación de estas, que se denomina rhupus, que hace referencia a la manifestación clínica resultante de ambas enfermedades enmascaradas que dificulta el diagnóstico y tratamiento. CASO CLÍNICO: Paciente de 37 años que inició con un cuadro con características de lupus eritematoso sistémico y artritis reumatoide hacía 16 años. Se encontró con alteraciones en los estudios de laboratorio y con hallazgos radiológicos que apoyaron el cuadro de rhupus. Por lo anterior se documenta la evolución de este padecimiento, que coincide con su embarazo y después de éste. CONCLUSIONES: La aparición simultánea de lupus eritematoso sistémico y artritis reumatoide, aun cuando fue reportada desde hace décadas, es una enfermedad rara en frecuencia, por lo que hay escasa información del rhupus solo y más aún en coincidencia con el embarazo.


Abstract BACKGROUND: Although systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis are sufficiently described diseases, the association of these is not, and is called rhupus, which refers to the clinical manifestation resulting from both diseases masked, making diagnosis and treatment difficult. CLINICAL CASE: 37-year-old patient who started with a clinical picture with features of systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis 16 years ago. She was found to have alterations in laboratory studies and radiological findings that supported the diagnosis of rheupus. Therefore, the evolution of this condition is documented, which coincides with and after her pregnancy. CONCLUSIONS: The simultaneous occurrence of systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis, even though it was reported decades ago, is a rare disease in frequency, so there is scarce information on rhupus alone and even more so in coincidence with pregnancy.

11.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e230634, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab
Article in English | BBO, LILACS | ID: biblio-1519240

ABSTRACT

To investigate the presence of periodontitis in RA patients comparing it with controls in a Brazilian sample. Methods: This is a case control study conducted in a public health rheumatologic center. One hundred and sixteen RA patients and 68 paired controls were compared for epidemiological data and presence of periodontal disease evaluated by number of remaining teeth, presence of bacterial plaque, bleeding on probing, probing depth and clinical level of gingival insertion. In addition, data on comorbidities was collected. Results: RA patients and controls have the same amount of teeth loss (P = 0.84). RA patients had more calculus (P = 0.02); dental plaques (P = 0.04); gingival recession (P = 0.02) and bleeding (P = 0.01). Although the number of individuals with periodontitis was higher in RA patients, the severity of periodontitis was similar in both groups (P = ns). Presence of diabetes and hypothyroidism also associated with periodontitis (P = 0.01 and 0.02 respectively). In a model of logistic regression built to assess the independence of association of RA and its comorbidities with periodontitis, only diabetes and RA remained independent. Conclusion: This case control study shows higher frequency of periodontitis in RA patients than controls


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Periodontitis , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Oral Health
12.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1513612

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las enfermedades periodontales inmunoinflamatorias crónicas, están catalogadas entre las afecciones más comunes del género humano, las que pueden estar asociadas a enfermedades sistémicas como la artritis reumatoidea. Objetivo: Identificar las manifestaciones periodontales más comunes en pacientes con artritis reumatoidea. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo de corte transversal. El universo estuvo constituido por 107 pacientes con diagnóstico de artritis reumatoidea, la muestra no probabilística de 50 pacientes que acudieron a consulta estomatológica durante el periodo, que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión y exclusión previstos en el estudio. Las principales variables estudiadas fueron: edad, sexo, tiempo de diagnóstico de artritis reumatoide, presencia de enfermedad periodontal (gingivitis y periodontitis), factores de riesgo. Resultados: Prevaleció las edades entre 49 a 58 años, seguido de 39 a 48 años para un 34 y 26 % respectivamente, predominó el sexo femenino con un 46 % de afectadas por gingivitis y con más de siete años para un 58 %, la higiene bucal deficiente seguido de la dieta cariogénica prevaleció en un 50 % y 54% respectivamente. Conclusiones: Predominó el sexo femenino de pacientes diagnosticadas con artritis reumatoidea afectadas por gingivitis, ambas enfermedades son inflamatorias sistémicas, por lo que se puede explicar la conexión entre las dos.


Introduction: Chronic immunoinflammatory periodontal diseases are classified among the most common affections of the human gender, which may be associated with systemic diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis. Objective: To identify the most common periodontal manifestations in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive observational study was carried out. The universe consisted of 107 patients diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis, the non-probabilistic sample of 50 patients who attended a dental consultation during the study period, who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria provided for in the study. The main variables studied were: age, sex, time since diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis, presence of periodontal disease (gingivitis and periodontitis), risk factors. Results: Ages between 49 and 58 years prevailed, followed by 39 to 48 years with 34 and 26% respectively, predominantly female with 46% affected by gingivitis, affected with more than 7 years with 58%, the poor oral hygiene followed by the cariogenic diet prevailed with 54 and 50% respectively. Conclusions: The female sex prevailed in patients diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis affected by gingivitis, both diseases are systemic inflammatory, so the connection between the two can be explained.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994427

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics of patients with rheumatic diseases and abnormal liver function, as well as determine the proportion and severity of liver function abnormalities.Methods:Cross-sectional study. Data were collected from patients registered in the Chinese Rheumatism Date Center from 2011 to 2021. The rheumatic diseases analyzed in this study were rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), Sjogren syndrome (SS), ankylosing spondylitis (AS), and gout. Patient data, including demographic characteristics [ such as age, sex, body mass index,(BMI), and smoking history], liver function test results [including alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase(ALP), and total bilirubin], and use of anti-rheumatic immune drugs and liver-protective drugs, were collected and compared between groups with normal and abnormal liver functions. In addition, the proportions of abnormal liver function were compared between sex and age groups.Results:A total of 116 308 patients were included in this study, including 49 659 with RA, 17 597 with SLE, 9 039 with SS, 11 321 with AS, and 28 692 with gout. The lowest proportion of liver function abnormalities was observed in patients with RA[11.02% (5 470/49 659)], followed by those with SS[17.97% (1 624/9 039)] and AS [18.22% (2 063/11 321) ], whereas patients with SLE [21.14% (3 720/17 597) ] and gout [28.73% (8 242/28 692)] exhibited the highest proportion of these abnormalities. Elevated ALT, mostly classified as grade 1, was the most commonly noted liver function abnormality, whereas elevated ALP was the least common. Some patients who took liver-protective drugs had normal liver function, with the lowest percentage observed in patients with gout [7.45% (36/483) ] and ranging from 21.7% to 30.34% in patients with RA, SLE, SS, and AS. The proportion of liver function abnormalities was higher in males than in females for all disease types [RA: 13.8%(1 368/9 906) vs. 10.3%(4 102/39 753); SLE: 33.6% (479/1 424) vs. 20.0% (3 241/16 173); SS: 25.4%(111/437) vs. 17.6%(1 513/8 602); AS: 20.1%(1 629/8 119) vs. 13.6% (434/3 202); and gout: 29.3% (8 033/27 394) vs. 16.1% (209/1 298)]. In RA, SLE, and AS, the proportions of liver function abnormalities were similar across all age groups. In SS, the proportion of liver function abnormalities increased with age [<40 years: 14.9%(294/1 979); 40-59 years: 18.1%(858/4 741); ≥60 years: 20.4%(472/2 319)], whereas a reversal of this trend was observed in gout [<40 years: 34.9%(4 294/12 320); 40-59 years: 25.5%(2 905/11 398);≥60 years: 21.0%(1 042/4 971)].Conclusions:The proportions of combined liver function abnormalities in patients with rheumatologic diseases were high, and the utilization rates of liver-protective drugs were low. It is necessary to pay more attention to monitoring patients′ liver function, timely administer liver-protective drugs, and optimize liver-protective regimens during the treatment of rheumatic diseases.

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Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 217-224,C4-1, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992927

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explored the effect of 78c in treating collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mice and to investigate its mechanism of effects.Methods:CIA mice model and CD38 +NK cells were treated with 78c. Cytokine concentrations and lymphocyte subtypes were measured in the mice peripheral blood and culture medium using flow cytometry. Mikenyi cell isolation kit was used to isolate CD4 + T cells and NK cells from peripheral blood mononuclear cells of healthy volunteers. CD38 + NK cells were enriched using the Miltenyi CD38 microbeads from the extracted NK cells. CD38 + NK cells with 78c pretreatment or not were cocultured with CD4 +T cells in transwells. The least significant difference (LSD) method was used for comparison between the two groups, and one-way analysis of variance was used for multi-group significance. Pearson correlation analysis was used for correlation analysis. Results:78c treatment significantly suppressed joint inflammation, inhibited the toe thickness of CIA mice, and reduced the number of while cell, neutrophils, platelets, and concentrations of IFN-γ, IL-6 and TNF-α ( t=6.10, P<0.001; t=4.00, P=0.002; t=3.09, P=0.012; t=2.31, P=0.043; t=3.58, P=0.005; t=2.68, P=0.002) in the CIA mice. The proportion of CD38 +NK cells decreased from (3.9±0.9)% to (2.4±0.3)% ( t=2.49, P=0.032), the proportion of regulatory T cell (Treg) increased from (0.81±0.33)% to (1.41±0.26)% ( t=2.74, P=0.021), and the concentration of IL-10 also increased from (99±37) pg/ml to (199±9) pg/ml( t=2.76 , P=0.020). The proportion of Treg in CD4 +T cells cocultured with 78c-pretreated CD38 +NK cells increased from (0.52±0.04)% to (0.69±0.08)% ( t=3.33, P=0.029) , the T helper cells (Th)17/Treg ratio decreased from (4.44±0.26) to (2.59±0.64) ( t=4.76 , P=0.009), and the Th1/Th2 ratio decreased from (14.8±1.6) to (8.1±1.3)( t=5.70 , P=0.005). Conclusion:78c can reduce the proportion of CD38 +NK cells, thereby reducing the inhibition of CD38 +NK cells on CD4 +T cell differentiation into Treg cells, leading to the restoration of immune balance. The results of this study suggest that 78c is a potential therapeutic agent for rheumatoid arthritis.

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Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 171-177,c3-1, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992925

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the impact of clinical features, serological indicators, and pulmonary function test (PFT) on the prognosis of rheumatoid arthritis-associated interstitial lung disease (RA-ILD).Methods:Clinical data of RA-ILD patients who were diagnosed by HRCT and were followed up in Changhai Hospital or Yancheng First People's Hospital from 2011 to 2021 were collected Respiratory functional impairment of the patients was evaluated according to the changes of HRCT score and PFT, and the patients were divided into progressive group and stable group. COX survival analysis and ROC curve were used to determine the factors related to the progression of RA-ILD.Results:Finally 98 RA-ILD patients were included. The mean age of ILD onset was (62.9±12.1) years old, the median course of RA was 7.0 (1.0, 15.3)years, and the median follow-up time was 36.5 months (14.0, 79.5). There were 49 cases in the progressive group, and the clinical characteristics and laboratory tests of the two groups were compared. The results showed that: progressive time [(23(8.5,43.0)months vs 63(32.5,90.9) months, Z=-4.55, P=0.001)], HRCT score [(115(109,135) vs 111(105,116), Z=-2.70, P=0.007)], forced vital capacity(FVC) predicted [(70.1±15.7)% vs (80.8±19.7)%, t=2.12, P=0.039)], diffusing capacity of the lungs for CO(DLCO) predicted [(57.5±16.3)% vs (83.4±18.8)%, t=4.87, P=0.001)], male [(44.9% vs 18.4%, χ2=7.97, P=0.005)], UIP pattern [(36(73.5%) vs 9(18.4%), χ2=29.96, P<0.001)], RF>200 U/ml[(21(65.6%) vs 18(41.9%), χ2=4.15, P=0.042)], anti-CCP>75 U/ml [(42(91.3%) vs 35(71.4%), χ2=6.10, P=0.013], all had significantly different between the two groups. In multivariate analyses, UIP[ HR(95% CI)=3.25(1.62,6.50), P<0.001], anti-CCP antibody >75 U/ ml[ HR(95% CI)=3.85 (1.20,12.33), P=0.023] and smoking [ HR (95% CI): 5.74(1.10, 30.13), P=0.039] were significantly correlated with the progression of pulmonary fibrosis in RA-ILD patients. PFT was performed in only 44 patients with RA-ILD. The univariate analyses and ROC curve suggested that DLCO predicted [ HR (95% CI)=1.04 (1.02,1.06), P<0.001] was a significant risk factor for the progression of RA-ILD, and the area under curve (AUC) of DLCO was 0.845 [95% CI=(0.729,0.961)]. Conclusion:UIP pattern, high titer of anti-CCP antibody, smoking, and reduced DLCO predicted % may be potential predictors for poor prognosis of RA-ILD patients.

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Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 151-157, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992922

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the distribution characteristics of memory B cells and its relationship with bone erosion in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and to further understand the mechanism of B cells in the pathogenesis of RA.Methods:B cell subsets in peripheral blood of 200 RA patients and 50 healthy individuals were detected by flow cytometry. According to the surface markers CD19, CD27 and lgD, B cells were divided into CD19 +CD27 +lgD - switched memory B cells, CD19 +CD27 +lgD + non-switched memory B cells, CD19 +CD27 -lgD - double-negative memory B cells and CD19 +CD27 -lgD + naive B cells. B cells in RA patients with various disease activity score, course of disease and treatment were analyzed. Patients were divided into four groups according to the results of joint ultrasonography, including patients without bone erosion, patients with hand bone erosion, patients with knee bone erosion and patients with hand and knee bone erosion. The relationship between the distribution of B cell subsets, autoantibodies and RA bone erosion were analyzed. Differences between the groups were analyzed by independent-samples t test, Mann-Whitney U test and χ2 test. The analysis of variance, Kruskal-Wallis analysis were used for multi-group comparison, Spearman correlation analysis was also used for correlation analysis. Results:①RA patients showed significantly decreased non-switched memory B cells [(9.5±6.7)% vs (12.1±4.7)%, t=2.46, P=0.015] and increased double negative memory B cells [(3.8±2.5)% vs(2.7±1.3)%, t=-4.74, P<0.001] in comparison to healthy individuals. The percentage of non-switched memory B cells were decreased in RA patients with moderate disease activity [(8.4±4.7 )% vs (12.4±7.5)%, t=3.13, P=0.001] and high disease activity [(7.8±7.6)% vs (12.4±7.5)%, t=3.00, P=0.003] in comparison to those in RA patients who achieved remission. Meanwhile, the na?ve B cells [(70.3±15.0)% vs (63.9±14.6)%, t=-2.15, P=0.034] were increased in RA patients with moderate disease activity. No difference was found in RA patients with different disease courses. Total B cells [(4.8±2.9)% vs (7.2±4.1)%, t=-3.24, P=0.001], non-switched memory B cells (7.6±4.3)% vs (10.0±7.1)%, t=-2.63, P=0.010) in RA patients who received prednisone treatment were decreased, while double-negative memory B cells (4.9±3.0)% vs (3.6±2.3)%, t=-2.79, P=0.006] were increased compared with those in RA patients without prednisone treatment. Non-switched memory B cells was decreased in RA patients with hand and knee erosion compared with RA patients without erosion [6.8%(2.5%, 9.5%) vs 9.7%(5.5%, 17.5%), Z=-2.12, P=0.034]. Double negative memory B cells in subgroup with keen erosion [3.3%(2.7%, 5.0%) vs 2.6%(1.9%, 3.8%), Z=-2.09, P=0.036]as well as with hand and knee erosion [3.9%(2.3%, 5.6%) vs 2.6%(1.9%, 3.8%), Z=-2.41, P=0.016] were higher than those in patients without erosion. In addition, higher serum RF level was found in subgroup RA patients with hand and knee erosion compared with subgroup of RA patients without erosion [141.0 (38.0, 874.0) U/ml vs 53.5 (10.0, 106.0)U/ml, Z=-2.07, P=0.039]. Meanwhile, the positive rate of ACPA in RA patients with bone erosion of hand was significantly higher than that of RA patients without bone erosion [81%(52/64) vs 64%(38/59), χ2=4.44, P=0.043). Conclusions:The results suggest that the increase of double negative memory B cells, the decrease of non-switched memory B cells and higher level of autoantibodies may closely relate to bone erosion of RA, which may be one of the pathogenesis of disability in RA.

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Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 22-27,C1-4, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992913

ABSTRACT

Objective:To improve the clinical differential diagnosis ability of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) complicated with gout and septic arthritis (SA).Methods:The clinical characteristics, diagnosis, and treatment of one RA patient with hyperuricemia and recurrent swelling and pain in right shoulder were reported and discussed.Results:A patient, with a history of RA for 10 years, hyperuricemia for 8 years, recurrent swelling and pain in right shoulder for 1 year. RA, gout, and SA were diagnosed before, and the response was poor after symptomatic treatment. In recent 1 month, the symptom was aggravated with the formation of fistula on the right shoulder. The laboratory tests for tuberculosis T cell interferon release test (IGRA) and tuberculin (PPD) test were negative, and the CD4 + cell count decreased. The comprehensive analysis of the imaging with right shoulder showed MSU deposition on right shoulder, with bone erosion, bone destruction, bone marrow edema, joint effusion, and multiple sites of connective tissue involvement (synovial bursa, tendon sheath, tendon, and muscle) GeneXpert MTB/RIF (GeneXpert), metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) of puncture fluid and joint fluid culture prompted Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex group. He was finally diagnosed with RA, gout, and osteoarticular tuberculosis (OAT). Symptoms were relieved after symptomatic treatment. Conclusion:RA patients with hyperuricemia have recurrent single arthritis. In addition to considering for gout, the presence of OAT should also be considered. The immune functional status of the patient and drug used may interfere with the interpretation of immune function tests. It is necessary to integrate the clinical characteristics of patients, a variety of imaging examinations, and etiological detection to confirm the diagnosis and avoid misdiagnosis.

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Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 10-16,C1-1-C1-2, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992911

ABSTRACT

Objective:Rat model of RA complicated with pulmonary fibrosis were constructed to observe the degree of improvement of pulmonary fibrosis in RA rats by JAK2 inhibitor CEP33779 and the possible mechanisms.Methods:①The RA models were constructed by subcutaneous injection of 0.2 ml (1 mg/ml) of bovine type Ⅱ collagen into the tail of the rats on the day of modeling development (d0); intratracheal injection of 100 μl bleomycin (2.5 mg/kg) was used to induce pulmonary fibrosis model at d13. In vivo study: model rats were randomly divided into the normal group, pulmonary fibrosis group, pulmonary fibrosis CEP treatment group, RA complicated with pulmonary fibrosis group, and RA complicated pulmonary fibrosis CEP treatment group. Rats in the treatment group was given CEP (10 ml/kg) qd by gavage from d14 to week 4. The right hind foot of the rats was measured for joints swelling and the arthritis index score were measured, lung compliance (Cst) and lung specific gravity were measured. In addition, the pathological changes of the left lung were observed by HE and Masson staining, and the extracellular matrix level of the right lung was measured by protein immunoblotting (WB). ② In vitro study: TGF-β 1 (10 ng/ml) was applied to stimulate human embryonic lung fibroblasts (HFL1) for 24 h and 48h, and p-JAK2 expression was detected by immunofluorescence. After HFL1 inoculation of culture plates, the control group, TGF-β 1 stimulation group, TGF-β 1+ LY2109761 (TGFβ-R1/2 inhibitor group, 0.5 mmol/L and 2 mmol/L) group, TGF-β 1+CEP (0.1 mmol/L and 1.0 mmol/L) group were co-incubated for 48 h, and the expression levels of TGFβ-R2, α-SMA, JAK2, and Col 1 were measured by WB. Comparisons between multiple groups were made by Tukey′s test, and comparisons between the two groups were analyzed by independent t-test. Results:① In vivo study, compared with the control group (1.45±0.04), joint swelling was increased at d13 [(2.54±0.16) in RA+PF+Vehicle group, t=16.02, P<0.001], and the mean arthritis index score and toe volume were decreased 3 days after CEP treatment(d16) [(2.89±0.11), t=5.78, P<0.001; (1.92±0.13), t=6.85, P<0.001]. For rats with pulmonary fibrosis, all had different degrees of lung enlargement, increased lung specific gravity, decreased Cst, and increased lung inflammation and fibrosis[(0.96±0.06), t=19.76, P<0.001; (0.26±0.09), t=17.64, P<0.001; (3.63±1.51), t=6.00, P<0.001; (1.75±0.71), t=5.84, P<0.001]. After CEP gavage, rats that had RA complicated with pulmonary fibrosis had reduced lung swelling, decreased lung specific gravity, increased Cst [(0.82±0.05), t=5.76, P<0.001; (0.43±0.18), t=2.31, P=0.038], and the scores of pulmonary fibrosis and inflammation [(3.00±1.00); (1.56±0.52)] all showed a trend of decrease, but did not reach statistical difference CEP inhibited the expression of TGF-β 1, TGFβ-R2, α-SMA, Fn and JAK2 in lung tissue of pulmonary fibrosis rats, and the differences among the five groups were statistically significant ( F=9.02, P=0.017; F=4.86, P=0.048; F=6.57, P=0.032; F=11.26, P=0.010; F=13.32, P=0.007). ② In vitro study, TGF-β 1 stimulated HFL1 showed stronger phosphorylated JAK2 (p-JAK2) fluorescent signal WB showed a significant increase in the expression of TGFβ-R2, α-SMA, JAK2 and Col1, and after LY and CEP intervention, the above proteins were reduced in a concentration-dependent manner, with statistically significant differences among all five groups ( F=337.30, P<0.001; F=20.61, P<0.001; F=100.60, P<0.001; F=180.90, P<0.001). Conclusion:JAK2 inhibitors can ameliorate RA-related pulmonary fibrosis, and the mechanism may be through interfering with the "crosstalk" between JAK2 and TGF-β 1 signaling pathway.

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Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 28-32, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992256

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of tofacitinib combined with methotrexate on disease activity, rheumatoid factor (RF) level and morning stiffness time in patients with refractory rheumatoid arthritis (RA).Methods:A total of 120 patients with refractory RA diagnosed and treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Hebei North University from June 2019 to June 2020 were selected as the study subjects, and they were randomly divided into three groups by random number table method: etanercept group, etanercept+ methotrexate group, and tofacitinib+ methotrexate group, with 40 patients in each group. The etanercept group was given etanercept treatment, the etanercept+ methotrexate group was given etanercept combined with methotrexate treatment, and the tofacitinib+ methotrexate group was given tofacitinib combined with methotrexate treatment. The clinical efficacy (12 W, 24 W and 48 W of treatment), disease activity, RF level, morning stiffness time and incidence of adverse reactions were compared among the three groups.Results:Comparison of the total clinical effective rate of the three groups: the total clinical effective rate of the etanercept+ methotrexate group and the tofacitinib+ methotrexate group was higher than that of the etanercept group (both P<0.05), and the tofacitinib+ methotrexate group was higher than that of the etanercept+ methotrexate group ( P<0.05). After treatment, the clinical symptoms and disease activity scores (DAS28) in the etanercept+ methotrexate and tofacitinib+ methotrexate groups were significantly improved compared with the etanercept group (all P<0.05), and the improvements in the tofacitinib+ methotrexate group were more significant than those in the etanercept+ methotrexate group ( P<0.05). After treatment, the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), RF and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were lower in the etanercept+ methotrexate and tofacitinib+ methotrexate groups than those in the etanercept groups (all P<0.05), and the ESR, RF and CRP levels in the tofacitinib+ methotrexate groups were lower than those in the etanercept+ methotrexate group (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of total adverse reactions among 3 groups (7.50% vs 12.50% vs 12.50%) ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Tofacitinib combined with methotrexate can effectively improve the disease activity, RF level and morning stiffness time in patients with refractory RA, with high safety, which is worthy of clinical application and promotion.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991870

ABSTRACT

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a group of heterogeneous autoimmune diseases with erosive arthritis as the main clinical feature. The pathogenesis of RA remains unclear. Autoantibodies can be detected in blood or synovial fluid in approximately 70% of patients with RA in the early stage of the disease. Anti-citrullinated protein antibody (ACPA) is the most commonly used autoantibody in the diagnosis of RA. However, ACPA is not a specific antibody for RA. The discovery and clinical application of serum ACPA-negative RA biomarkers is of positive significance for the early diagnosis and prognosis improvement of RA. This paper reviews the research progress of ACPA-negative RA biomarkers.

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